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Tài liệu The French Language, Cultural and Linguistic Diversity doc

FUA / AUF
The French Speaking University Agency
www.auf.org
The programme provides active support to French
departments, language centres and French-language
degree programmes, instructor-researchers and
student researchers, to develop teaching and
research about French and in French, about its
partner languages and, lastly, about intercultural
communication in development. Its action is based
on the work of seven networks of researchers, a
didactics collective and vehicles for information
and think-tank sharing.
Research Networks and Inter-Network Collective
◗ Research Network Diversity in Cultural and Artistic Forms of Expression, and
Globalisation
http://www.cids.auf.org/
◗ Research Network Studying French in French-Speaking Countries
http://www.eff.auf.org/
◗ Research Network Lexicology, Terminologie, Traduction
http://www.ltt.auf.org/

◗ Research Network Children’s Literature http://www.lde.auf.org/
◗ Research Network French-Language Literature from Sub-Saharan Africa and
the Indian Ocean http://www.critaoi.auf.org/
◗ Research Network Obser
vation of French and National Languages
http://www.odf.auf.org/
◗ Research Network Sociolinguistics and Language Dynamics
http://www.sdl.auf.org/
◗ Inter-Network Collective on Language Didactics
Fostering appreciation for the
French language in universities
and promoting cultural diversity
are two complementary
objectives. Both involve bringing
to fruition the French language’s
inventiveness and means of
production, while also bringing
out the aspects that unite it with
the world’s other languages and
cultures.
The French Language, Cultural and
Linguistic Diversity
The French Language, Cultural and Linguistic Diversity
2
The research network on electronic information and communications technologies,
RES@TICE, managed by the “Support for Information and Communications
Technologies (ICT) in Developing Higher Learning and Research” programme also
includes language researchers.
Means of Communication
◗ FRAMONDE, a specialised mailing list with over 3 000 subscribers:
http://listes.auf.org/mailman/listinfo/liste-framonde
◗ Community Newsletter Le français à l'université: 4000 copies 4 times per year
http://www.bulletin.auf.org/index.html
◗ The French Language, Cultural Diversity and Linguistics Research Network
Newsletter is sent to over 1 200 researchers focusing on cultures, languages
and literature: http://www.auf.org/IMG/bulletin-num-0-dec-2005.pdf
TO CONTACT THE PROGRAMME: francais-langue@auf.org
By establishing an agenda dedicated in particular to:
◗ contributing to the development of a democratic
culture by supporting university education in the
legal and political sciences;
◗ building up a French-language research area, both
regionally and internationally, taking into account the
wide variety of legal systems and standards that exist
acr
oss the Fr
ench-speaking world;
Aspects of Rule of Law and
Democracy
The French-speaking world
aims to make a significant
contribution to promoting
peace and democracy and
supporting the rule of law
and human rights.
Aspects of Rule of Law and Democracy
3
This topical programme run by the Francophone University Agency (Agence
universitaire de la Francophonie, AUF) is being implemented as
a series of
multilateral actions
in education and research, relating to the aforementioned
objectives. In addition to the support provided to 11 French-speaking university
degree programmes
and 3 open distance educational programmes, 4 research
networks also receive support from the Francophone University Agency:
Basic Rights Network
◗ Coordinator: Monsieur Ghislain OTIS
School of Law
University of Laval (Canada)
E-mail: ghislain.otis@fd.ulaval.ca
Web site: http://www.df.auf.org
Rule of Law Philosophy Network
◗ Coordinator: Monsieur Stéphane DOUAILLER
University of Paris VIII (France)
E-mail: s.douailler@free.fr
Web site: http://www.edph.auf
.org
Right to Healthcare Network
◗ Coordinator: Monsieur Pierre LUNEL
University of Paris VIII (France)
E-mail: samson2@hei.unige.ch
Web site: http://www.ds.auf.org
Gender, Rights and Citizenship Network
◗ Coordinator: Madame Amsatou SOW-SIDIBE
Cheikh Anta Diop University (Senegal)
E-mail: amsa@r
efer
.sn
Web site: http://www.gdc.auf.org
Aspects of Rule of Law and Democracy
4
Human Capacity-Building
through Education
Open Distance Learning:
http://www.auf.org/formation-distance
◗ In 2006-2007, support for 46 open and distance learning programmes
(undergraduate, graduate, doctorate), including seven from Africa. Assistance
and advice in creating distance learning programmes in universities in the South
and East. Funding for distance learning subsidies for those wishing to take part
in such degree programmes.
Vocational Training Workshops and Linux Centres:
http://www.transfer-tic.org - http://www.centre-linux.org
◗ Designing and organising training workshops in Linux network administration,
information systems, educational technologies (content production,
instructional principles for distance learning). Training in open software.6 Linux
and open softwar
e centres for development are currently up and running.
Support for Information and
Communications Technologies in
Developing Higher Education
and Research
Support for Information and Communication
5
Reducing the Digital Divide by Improving the Connectivity
of Universities in the South
http://www.auf.org/rubrique16.html
◗ Designing and running a network of French-speaking digital campuses, under
joint management with a host university. They offer a variety of educational
programmes (workshops, distance learning) in scientific and technological
information, and a high-level digital working environment. The 42 digital work
areas have been established in French-speaking universities offering education
to the broadest audience possible.
Developing a Policy on
Scientific Content in the French Language.
http://www.infotheque.info - http://www.coursenligne.refer.org
http://www.catalogue.auf.org/ - http://www.sist-sciencesdev.net
◗ Funding for electronic scientific periodicals on tender basis (35 periodicals).
◗ Electronic dissemination of scientific content: search international databanks,
provide basic documents, digital library.
◗ Inventory of university teaching resources (4 500 sets of course material).
◗ Publication of university teaching manuals and summary works covering basic
subject matter (200 works).
◗ Funding for online courses by instructors from the South and the East.
Fostering Research (Research Networks, Watchtower), and
French-Speaking Representatives on International
Committees
(Standardisation, Regulation)
http://www.resatice.org
◗ Creating a research network on ICTs for instructional use.
◗ Participation in international standardisation and governance bodies.
◗ Information Society Watchtower.
TO CONTACT THE PROGRAMME: technologies-information@auf.org
Support for Information and Communication
6
This programme supports universities and scientific institutions from the South
and East, as they:
◗ tailor their educational and research offerings to the needs of their
environment,
◗ strive for excellence,
◗ become major players in the development of their country and region.
Its initiatives are designed along 4 broad lines:
1. Supporting the institutional reforms launched by universities in the South
to modernise their structures, create or foster the environment required to
develop and enable capacity-building.
◗ Support for strengthening university governance
http://www.auf.org/article304.html
Under this programme component, support is given to all areas of degree
programme harmonisation, assessment, accreditation, resource management,
optimisation, etc. It is of particular value as the universities of the South
work toward a harmonisation, with the “LMD” (licence, Master’s, doctorate)
system, the resulted of the so-called “Bologna” process.

6 international conferences, attended by a total of over 200 school board
directors and university rectors from Africa, the Caribbean, Europe or
North Africa, have been held as of today, focusing on:
> “University Governance” (Dakar, 2003),
> “Reforms in Higher Education in North African Countries and the Outlook
for the Bologna Pr
ocess” (Marseilles, 2004),
Supporting and Building
University Excellence
Support for Information and Communication
7
> “University Governance and the Development of the Caribbean
(Martinique, 2005),
> “African Universities in a Globalised World of Changing Universities”
(Yaoundé, 2005),
> in partnership with the World Bank: “Universities in French-Speaking Africa
and the Use of Knowledge to Serve Development: Learning from Success
Stories” (Dakar-Saly, 2005).

An international conference, organised in conjunction with the World Bank
and the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, will focus on the topic : “Higher
Education at the Heart of Development Strategies in French-Speaking Africa:
Better Understanding the Keys to Success” (Ouagadougou, June 2006).
2. Strengthening exchange through movement for individuals and networking
between institutions.
◗ mobility for students, teachers and researchers (scholarships, teaching
assignments, etc.):
http://www.auf.org/article24.html
The AUF grants 2.500 international mobility scholarships each year to help
the neediest universities, so that they may develop their scientific resources.
Encouragement is given for mobility involving applicants from the South to
establishments in the South or North, or applicants from the North to
establishments in the South.
The Francophone University Agency (AUF) offers a range of scholarships:
• for students (60% of the mobility programme): masters, doctorate,
internships (vocational, etc.);

for teachers and researchers (40% of the mobility programme):
post-doctoral research, scientific refresher courses, educational refresher
courses, teaching assignments, participation in scientific events.
Support for Information and Communication
8
◗ The mobility programme’s impact has been felt in a number of areas:
• promoting women (40% of mobility programme).
• a primarily regional policy (75% of mobility programme).
• a policy in favour of Southern institutions:
> 85% of mobility participants come from the South,
> 100% of mobility participants from the North go to the South.
• the academic community of the future: 500 thesis students,
150 post-doctoral students.
• expressing solidarity between universities:
> 500 assignments, 70% of which were in the South,
> 200 teacher-researchers in the South in refresher courses.
◗ mobilisation of institution networks:
• support for Regional Conferences of School Board Directors and/or
university rectors from the South and East.
http://www.auf.org/article317.html
> Conference of Rectors from French-Speaking African and Indian Ocean
Universities (CRUFAOCI),
> Conference of Rectors from Southeast Asia (CONFRASIE),
> Conference of Rectors and University Rectors from the Caribbean
(CORPUCA),
> Conference of Rectors from Central and Eastern Europe (CONFRECO).
• Support for
institutional networks (networks of schools and establishments
grouped by speciality area):
http://www.auf.org/article318.html
> 14 institutional networks, all standing members of AUF, in Agronomics,
Planning and Urban Development, Law, Instructor Training, Journalism,
Literature and Humanities, Medicine, Dental Medicine, Veterinary Medicine,
Pharmaceuticals, Management Sciences, Information and Communication
Sciences, Engineering Sciences, and Sciences and Technologies, for a total of
nearly 700 establishment heads in 60 countries.
Support for Information and Communication
9
3. Promoting excellence in the sciences for French-speaking universities and
researchers in the South.
There exist, in a number of Southern university institutions, places where
excellence has been achieved in the sciences, to an international standard.
The AUF’s aims also include promoting that excellence so that it can be spread
and shared at both the regional and international levels.
◗ Support for regional excellence centres (PER):
http://www.auf.org/article25.html
The AUF’s support in this area is intended to improve universities with high
scientific value in the South, help them mobilise a regional skills network in
the sciences and share the resources available to them.
University cooperation programmes in other regions, particularly in the
North, can also take part, and are invited to contribute to the high-level
scientific sharing underway and the influence it has on the region around it.
16 excellence centres were given support between 2003 and 2006, with most
(10) found in sub-Saharan Africa and the Indian Ocean region.
A new application period will be opened in 2006.
◗ Support for inter-university scientific projects (PCSI):
http://www
.auf.org/article106.html
Every 2 years, based on an international call for applications, the AUF
supports research and/or educational projects with an impact on
development in the South. The projects are carried out by a network of at
least three universities from different countries, at least one of which must
come from the South. The programme encourages the participation of
young people and women.
75 projects, currently being funded, come from the last international call for
projects.
◗ Access to scientific awards for scientists from the South:
http://www.auf.org/article93.html
• The “French-Speaking World’s Awards for Young Researchers” are given out
every two years by the AUF’s Scientific Board, in 2 main fields:
>
sciences and medicine,
Support for Information and Communication
10
> the humanities and social sciences.
• The AUF also gives out another distinction for career achievement by
Southern researchers: the “El Fasi” Award,
• Lastly, the AUF facilitates the participation of Southern researchers in
international scientific competitions.
◗ support for scientific events (colloquia, etc.) :
http://www.auf.org/article323.html
Nearly 100 events supported each year, with:
• the participation of nearly 400 scientists from the South and East
contributing to the event (addresses in French, subsequently published in
the event proceedings),
• proceedings published and circulated in French (preferably via electronic
means, CD-rom or Internet),
• the French language promoted in multi-lingual scientific events
(translation, interpretation, etc.).
4. Developing Partnerships
http://www.auf.org/rubrique25.html
Highly regarded for its operational presence on every continent and its
ability to mobilise its network of several hundred higher education and
research establishments across the world, the AUF is called upon on
a regular basis to:
• lead cooperation projects,
• perform technical studies or assessments,
• provide services relating to information and communications technologies,
• network development players from all horizons.
Its partners are those who make development a reality: governments, international
organisations, local governments (decentralised cooperation), enterprises and
trade communities.
Support for Information and Communication
11
Support for Information and Communication
The partnerships give rise to such concrete outcomes as:
◗ cooperation contracts (delegated actions), for which organisations of all kinds
may call upon it:
• supporting reforms in higher education in Africa, in partnership with the
World Bank,
• developing a university degree programme in IT at the University of
Georgia, in partnership with the Yonne General Council,
• revamping education in the sciences in Cambodia, through a partnership
with the Rodolphe Mérieux Foundation, etc.
◗ experimentation with original cooperation methods designed and proposed by
training and research institutions to better respond to changes in development
today (innovative actions):
• helping institutions from Northern Africa and the Middle East participate in
the European Union’s financing programmes (partners: the European Union
Commission),
• supporting universities and researchers in the scientific and technological
Diaspora based in North America:
> building a regional educational network on the agro-food industry in the
Middle East,
> mobilising “volunteers – senior citizens” to serve cooperation in the
sciences, etc.
◗ encounters between companies that invest in developing countries and the
human, academic and scientific resources of the South:
• creating employment departments designed as a service to companies as
they hire and a means of supporting students entering the working world
(http://def.auf.org)
TO CONTACT THE PROGRAMME: renforcement-universites@auf.org
12
Environment and Solidarity-Based Sustainable Development
13
Environment and Solidarity-Based
Sustainable Development
Sustainable solidarity-based development,
listed by the 10th Ouagadougou Summit as
a priority under the 10-Year Programme set
out by French-speaking nations, is ideally
framed in the AUF’s missions. Education,
research and capacity-building in science and
technology, particularly in favour of student
and instructor-researchers from Southern
countries, play a fundamental part in the
AUF’s multilateral cooperation strategy and
the actions of the “Environment and
Solidarity-Based Sustainable Development”
Programme.
The fields of activity covered by the programme are directly related to the
major issues in today’s world: energy, water, climate, biodiversity, pollution,
socio-economic imbalances, food safety and others.
Tools Developed
Degree Programmes
The French-language university degree programmes designed in this area (55 in
2006) are offered at the graduate and post-graduate levels. They mobilise local
instructors and consortiums of French-speaking universities from the North
around scientific or vocational education programmes leading to degrees. The
best students may enter doctoral programmes in the universities belonging to
the consortia.
Sustainable development, defined as

development that meets the
needs of the present without
jeopardising the ability of future
generations to meet theirs
” is the
objective assigned to all of our
societies by the international
community. Development of that
kind is not viable unless conceived
of in a spirit of solidarity and sharing
with the neediest populations.
Institutes
The 3 Institutes of the French-Speaking World:
• Administration and Management in Sofia:
http://www.ifag.auf.org/
• Entrepreneurship in Maurice:
http://www.ife.auf.org/
• Tropical Diseases in Vientiane:
http://www.ifmt.auf.org/
were designed to contribute to the development of countries in the regions
where they were established
. They offer vocational or doctoral (Master’s)
education in innovative areas and come in response to specific regional needs.
Instruction is provided mainly by lecturers (professors and researchers) from
French-speaking countries on assignment, or experts from the region’s
professional and business community.
Research Networks
In order to boost cooperation (North-South, East-West, South-South) between
the researchers, laboratories and research teams that use French as their working
language, the AUF has set up topical research networks. Run by an International
Scientific Committee, they provide support to multilateral research efforts
(50 initiatives in 2006), organise regional conferences and Science Days
(8 events in 2006) and contribute to developing scientific and technological
information tools in the French language (manuals, monographs, proceedings
from science days, Web sites, newsletters, databanks and directories).
Environment and Solidarity-Based Sustainable Development
14
The 9 research networks active within the programme are:
◗ Research Network Economic Analysis and Development:
http://www.aed.auf.org
◗ Research Network Plant-Based Biotechnologies: Improving Plant and Food
Safety:
http://www.bioveg.auf.org
◗ Research Network Demographics:
http://www.demographie.auf.org
◗ Research Network Entrepreneurship:
http://www.entrepreneuriat.auf.org
◗ Research Network Environment and Sustainable Development:
http://www.edd.auf.org
◗ Research Network Erosion and Cautionary Management of Water and Soils:
http://www.egces.auf.org
◗ Research Network Process Engineering Applied to the Agro-Food Industry:
http://www.gp3a.auf
.org
◗ Research Network Parasite and Vector-Borne Diseases:
http://www.mpv.auf.org
◗ Research Network Remote Sensing:
http://www.reseautd.auf.org
TO CONTACT THE PROGRAMME: developpement-environnement@auf.org
Environment and Solidarity-Based Sustainable Development
15
Conception : Signatur
e Graphique 01 49 29 43 20 • Juin 2006
Agence universitaire de la Francophonie

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