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Tài liệu Planning, Implementing, and Maintaining a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 AD Infrastructure doc




Exam: 070-294

Title : Planning, Implementing, and Maintaining a Microsoft
Windows Server 2003 AD Infrastructure
Ver : 02.09.04

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QUESTION 1 You are the network administrator for Certkiller. The network consists of a
single Active Directory forest that contains three domains named Certkiller.com,
texas.Certkiller.com, and dakota.Certkiller.com. The functional level of the forest is
Windows Server 2003.Both texas.Certkiller.com and dakota.Certkiller.com contain
employee user accounts, client computer accounts, and resource server computer accounts.
The domain named Certkiller.com contains only administrative user accounts and computer
accounts for two domain controllers. Each resource server computer provides a single
service of file server, print server, Web server, or database server. Certkiller plans to use
Group Policy objects (GPOs) to centrally apply security settings to resource server

computers. Some security settings need to apply to all resource servers and must not be
overridden. Other security settings need to apply to specific server roles only. You need to
create an organizational unit (OU) structure to support the GPO requirements. You want to
create as few GPOs and links as possible.
What should you do?
A. Create a top-level OU for each server role under the Certkiller.com domain.
Create a top-level OU named Servers under the texas.Certkiller.com domain.
Create a top-level OU named Servers under the dakota.Certkiller.com domain.
B. Create a top-level OU named Servers under the texas.Certkiller.com domain.
Create a child OU for each server role under the Servers OU.
Create a top-level OU named Servers under the Dakota.Certkiller.com domain.
Create a child OU for each server role under the Servers OU.
C. Create a top-level OU named Servers under the Certkiller.com domain.
Create a child OU for each server role under the Servers OU.
D. Create a top-level OU for each server role under the texas.Certkiller.com domain.
Create a top-level OU for each server role under the dakota.Certkiller.com domain.
Answer: B
Explanation: With a top-level OU named Servers, we can apply group policies to all the
resource servers. With child OUs for each server role, we can apply group policies to
individual server roles. Two domains have resource servers, dakota.Certkiller.com and
texas.Certkiller.com. We need to create the OU structure in each of these two domains.
Incorrect Answers:
A: We need an OU for each server role in dakota.Certkiller.com and texas.Certkiller.com,
because the resource servers are in those domains.
C: We need a top level OU for all the resource servers in dakota.Certkiller.com and
texas.Certkiller.com, so we can apply group policies to all the servers.
D: We need a top level OU for all the resource servers in dakota.Certkiller.com and
texas.Certkiller.com, so we can apply group policies to all the servers.

QUESTION 2 You are a network administrator for Certkiller. The network consists of a
single Active Directory domain named Certkiller.com. All client computers run Windows
XP Professional. Certkiller's main office is located in Cape Town. You are a network
administrator at Certkiller's branch
office in Nairobi. You create a Group Policy object (GPO) that redirects the Start menu for
users in the Nairobi branch office to a shared folder on a file server. Server user in Nairobi
report that many of the programs that they normally use are missing from their Start menus.
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The programs were available on the Start menu the previous day, but did not appear when
the users logged on today. You log on to one of the client computers. All of the required
programs appear on the Start menu. You verify that users can access the shared folder on
the server. You need to find out why the Start menu changed for these users.
What are two possible ways to achieve this goal? (Each correct answer presents a complete
solution. Choose two)
A. In the Group Policy Management Console (GPMC), select the file server that hosts the
shared folder and a user account that is in the Domain Admins global group and run
Resultant Set of Policy (RSoP) in planning mode.
B. In the Group Policy Management Console (GPMC), select one of the affected user
accounts and run Resultant Set of Policy (RSoP) in logging mode.
C. On one of the affected client computers, run the gpresult command.
D. On one of the affected client computers, run the gpupdate command.
E. On one of the affected client computers, run the secedit command.
Answer: B, C
Explanation: We need to view the effective group policy settings for the users or the
computers that the users are using. We can use gpresult of RSoP.
Gpresult
Displays Group Policy settings and Resultant Set of Policy (RSoP) for a user or a
computer.
RSoP overview Resultant Set of Policy (RSoP) is an addition to Group Policy
RSoP provides details about all policy settings that are configured by an Administrator,
including Administrative Templates, Folder Redirection, Internet Explorer Maintenance,
Security Settings, Scripts, and Group Policy Software Installation.
RSoP consists of two modes: Planning mode and logging mode. With planning mode, you
can simulate the effect of policy settings that you want to apply to a computer and user.
Logging mode reports the existing policy settings for a computer and user that is currently
logged on.
Incorrect Answers:
A: We need to test the effective policy from a user's computer, not the file server.
D: Gpudate, is the tool used to refresh the policy settings in Windows XP and Windows
Server 2003.
E: Secedit is the tool used to refresh the policy in Windows 2000 professional and server
editions.

QUESTION 3 You are the network administrator for Certkiller. The network consists of a
single Active Directory domain named Certkiller.com. All servers run Windows Server
2003. All client computers run Windows XP Professional. Certkiller has one office in Hong
Kong and another office in Beijing. Each office is configured as an Active Directory site.
Each site contains two domain controllers. The network is configured to display a legal
notice on the computer screens of all users before they log on to their client computers. At
the request of the legal department, you make changes to the wording of the notice by
changing the settings in a Group Policy object (GPO). The GPO is linked to the domain.
The legal department reports that not all users are receiving the new notice. You discover
that users in the Beijing office receive the new notice, but users in the Hong Kong office
receive the old notice. The problem continues for several days. You need to ensure that the
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new notice appears correctly on all computers in the network.
What should you do?
A. Create a new security group that contains the computer accounts for all computers in the
Hong Kong site. Grant permissions to this security group to read and apply the GPO.
B. Temporarily assign one of the domain controllers in the Hong Kong site to the Beijing
site. Wait 24 hours, and then reassign the domain controller to the Hong Kong site.
C. Force replication of Active Directory between the two sites.
D. Log on to one of the domain controllers in the Hong Kong site, and seize the
infrastructure master role.
Answer: C
Explanation: It looks like the GPO settings haven't been replicated to the Hong Kong office
- they are still receiving the old notice. We can manually force replication between the two
sites to ensure that the Hong Kong office receives the new GPO settings.
Incorrect Answers:
A: The Hong Kong users still receive the old legal notice. Therefore, this is not a
permissions problem on the group policy object.
B: This is unnecessary an impractical.
D: This has nothing to do with the replication of the GPO.

QUESTION 4 You are the network administrator for Certkiller. The network consists of a
single Active Directory domain named Certkiller.com. The domain contains an
organizational unit (OU) named Sales. You create three Group Policy objects (GPOs) that
have four configuration settings, as shown in the following table.
Location GPO name GPO configuration Setting
Domain Screensaver Hide Screen Saver tab
Disabled
Sales OU Display and Wallpaper Hide Screen Saver tab Enabled
Sales OU Display and Wallpaper Set Active Desktop Wallpaper to
Enabled
c:\WINNT\web\wallpaper\bliss.jpg
Sales OU Wallpaper Set Active Desktop Wallpaper to Enabled
c:\WINNT\web\wallpaper\autumn.jpg
The Screensaver GPO has the No Override setting enabled. The Sales OU has the Block
Policy inheritance setting enabled. The priority for GPOs linked to the Sales OU specifies
first priority for the Display and Wallpaper GPO and second priority for the Wallpaper
GPO. For user accounts in the Sales OU, you want the Screen Saver tab to be hidden and
the desktop wallpaper to be Autumn.jpg. You log on to a test computer by using a user
account from the Sales OU, but you do not receive the settings you wanted. You need to
configure the settings to hide the Screen Saver tab and set the desktop wallpaper to
Autumn.jpg for the user accounts in the Sales OU. You want to avoid affecting user
accounts in other OUs.
What should you do?
A. Enable the No Override setting for the Display and Wallpaper GPO.
B. Disable the No Override setting on the Screensaver GPO.Reorder the Wallpaper GPO to
be first in the list.
C. Create a GPO and link it to the Default-First-Site-Name. Configure the GPO to set the
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Active Desktop Wallpaper to c:\WINNT\web\wallpaper\autumn.jpg.
D. Disable the Block Policy inheritance setting on the Sales OU. Change the Display and
Wallpaper GPO to set the Active Desktop Wallpaper to
c:\WINNT\web\wallpaper\autumn.jpg.
Answer: B
Explanation: The No Override setting on the Screensaver GPO is causing all computers in
the domain to display the Screensaver tab. We want to hide the screensaver tab for the sales
OU, so we'll have to remove the No Override settings from the Screensaver GPO. This will
enable the Screensaver GPO settings to be overwritten by other GPOs. By configuring the
Wallpaper GPO to be first in the list, we are giving it a higher priority than the Display and
Wallpaper GPO. This means that the Wallpaper GPO settings will overwrite the Display
and Wallpaper GPO settings, thus setting the wallpaper to Autumn.jpg. Group Policy
Order of application
1. The unique local Group Policy object.
2. Site Group Policy objects, in administratively specified order.
3. Domain Group Policy objects, in administratively specified order.
4. Organizational unit Group Policy objects, from largest to smallest organizational unit
(parent to child organizational unit) and in administratively specified order at the level of
each organizational unit.
Enforcing policy from above You can set policies that would otherwise be overwritten by
policies in child organizational units to No
Override at the Group Policy object level.
• Policies set to No Override cannot be blocked.
• The No Override and Block options should be used sparingly. Casual use of these
advanced features complicates troubleshooting.
Reference: Server Help

QUESTION 5 You are the network administrator for Certkiller. The network consists of a
single Active Directory domain named Certkiller.com. All servers run Windows Server
2003. Each client computer runs Windows NT Workstation 4.0, Windows 2000
Professional, or Windows XP Professional. The computer accounts for all client computers
are located in an organizational unit (OU) named Company Computers. All user
accounts are located in an OU named Company Users. Certkiller has a written policy that
requires a logon banner to be presented to all users when they log on to any client computer
on the network. The banner must display a warning about unauthorized use of the
computer. You need to ensure when a user logs on to a client computer. Which two actions
should you take? (Each correct answer presents part of the solution. Choose two)
A. Create a Group Policy object (GPO) that includes the appropriate settings in the
interactive logon section. Link the GPO to the domain.
B. Create a script that presents the required warning. Create a Group Policy object (GPO)
that will cause the script to run during the startup process.
Link the GPO to CertkillerUsers OU.
C. Create a system policy file named Ntconfig.pol that includes the appropriate settings.
Place a copy of this file in the appropriate folder on the domain controller.
D. Create a batch file named Autoexec.bat that presents the required warning. Copy the file
to root folder on the system partition of all computers affected by the policy.
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Answer: A, C
Explanation: We need to configure a GPO to display the logon message that will apply to
the Windows 2000 and Windows XP clients. We need to configure a system policy to
display the logon message that will apply to the Windows NT clients. This policy is created
with System policies and the System Policy Editor, System policies are used by network
administrators to configure and control individual users and their computers.
Administrators use POLEDIT.EXE to set Windows NT profiles that are either network- or
user-based. Using this application, you can create policies, which are either local or
network-driven, that can affect Registry settings for both hardware and users. The file
created to apply the policy is named NTConfig.pol.
Interactive logon:
Message text for users attempting to log on Description This security setting specifies a
text message that is displayed to users when they log on. This text is often used for legal
reasons, for example, to warn users about the ramifications of misusing company
information or to warn them that their actions may be audited.
Default: No message.
Configuring this security setting
You can configure this security setting by opening the appropriate policy and expanding
the console tree as such: Computer Configuration\Windows Settings\Security
Settings\Local Policies\Security Options\

Reference
Group Policy Help

QUESTION 6 You are the network administrator for Certkiller. The network consists of a
single Active Directory domain named Certkiller.com. All servers run Windows Server
2003. All client computers run Windows XP Professional. Except for IT staff, users are not
local administrators on client computers. Certkiller obtains a new application for order
processing. This application must be installed on each client computer. The application is
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contained in an .msi file. You copy the .msi file to a shared folder on a file server. You
assign the Authenticated Users group the Allow - Read permissions for the shared folder.
To deploy the application, you instruct users to double-click the .msi file in the shared
folder. When users attempt to install the application, they receive an error message, and
setup fails. You need to configure the network so that the application can be installed
successfully.
What are two possible ways to achieve this goal? (Each correct answer presents a complete
solution. Choose two)
A. Modify the Default Domain Policy Group Policy object (GPO) and assign the new
application to all client computers.
B. Grant the users the permissions required to create temporary files in the shared folder
that contains the .msi file.
C. Modify the Default Domain Policy Group Policy object (GPO) and disable the Prohibit
User Installs setting in the Windows Installer section of the computer settings.
D. Modify the Default Domain Policy Group Policy object (GPO) and enable the Always
install with elevated privileges setting in the Windows Installer section of the computer
settings.
Answer: A, D
Explanation: The software installation fails because the users don't have the necessary
permissions to install the software. We can solve this problem by either assigning the
application to the users in a group policy, or by using a group policy to enable the Always
install with elevated privileges setting in the Windows Installer section of the computer
settings.
software installation
You can use the Software Installation extension of Group Policy to centrally manage
software distribution in your organization. You can assign and publish software for groups
of users and computers using this extension.
Assigning Applications
When you assign applications to users or computers, the applications are automatically
installed on their computers at logon (for user-assigned applications) or startup (for
computer-assigned applications.) When assigning applications to users, the default
behavior is that the application will be advertised to the computer the next time the user
logs on. This means that the application shortcut appears on the Start menu, and the registry
is updated with information about the application, including the location of the application
package and the location of the source files for the installation. With this advertisement
information on the user's computer, the application is installed the first time the user tries to
use the application. In addition to this default
behavior, Windows XP Professional and Windows Server 2003 clients support an option to
fully install the package at logon, as an alternative to installation upon first use. Note that if
this option is set, it is ignored by computers running Windows 2000, which will always
advertise user-assigned applications. When assigning applications to computers, the
application is installed the next time the computer boots up. Applications assigned to
computers are not advertised, but are installed with the default set of features configured
for the package. Assigning applications through Group Policy requires that the application
setup is authored as a Windows Installer (.msi) package.
Publishing Applications
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You can also publish applications to users, making the application available for users to
install. To install a published application, users can use Add or Remove Programs in
Control Panel, which includes a list of all published applications that are available for them
to install. Alternatively, if the administrator has selected the a published application. For
example, double clicking an .xls file will trigger the installation of Microsoft Excel,
if it is not already installed. Publishing applications only applies to user policy; you cannot
publish applications to computers. To take advantage of all of the features of Group Policy
Software Installation, it is best to use applications that include a Windows Installer (.msi)
package. For example, published MSI packages support installation for users who do not
have administrative credentials. However, you can also publish legacy setup programs
using a .zap file. These applications will be displayed in Add or Remove Programs like any
other published application, but typically can only be installed by users with administrative
credentials. A .zap file is a simple text file that describes the path to the setup program, as
well as any arguments to be
passed on the command line. A simple example illustrating the syntax of a .zap file is
shown below: [Application] Friendly Name = Microsoft Works 4.5a
SetupCommand = ""\\DeploymentServer\Apps\Works 4.5a\Standard\Setup.exe""
Note When using quotes in zap files, the following rules apply:
• The path and name of the setup executable must always be quoted.
• If there are no command-line arguments, they must be quoted twice.
Non-Windows Installer Applications
It is possible to publish applications that do not install with the Windows Installer. They
can only be published to users and they are installed using their existing Setup programs.
Impersonate a client after authentication Description
Assigning this privilege to a user allows programs running on behalf of that user to
impersonate a client. Requiring this user right for this kind of impersonation prevents an
unauthorized user from convincing a client to connect (for example, by remote procedure
call (RPC) or named pipes) to a service that they have created and then impersonating that
client, which can elevate the unauthorized user's permissions to administrative or system
levels.
Caution
Assigning this user right can be a security risk. Only assign this user right to trusted users.
Non Windows installer applications Because these non-Windows Installer applications use
their existing Setup programs, such applications cannot:
Use elevated privileges for installation.
Install on the first use of the software.
Install a feature on the first use of the feature.
Rollback an unsuccessful operation, such a install, modify, repair, or removal, or take
advantage of other
features of the Windows Installer.
Detect a broken state and automatically repair it.
References:
Group policy help
http://www.microsoft.com/windows2000/techinfo/planning/management/swinstall.asp

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QUESTION 7 You are a network administrator for Certkiller. The network consists of a
single Active Directory forest that contains two domains. All servers run Windows Server
2003. The domains and organizational units (OUs) are structured as shown in the work
area. Users in the research department have user accounts in the research.Certkiller.com
domain. All other user accounts and resources are in the Certkiller.com domain. All
domain controllers are in the Domain Controllers OU of their respective domain. No other
computer or user accounts are in the Domain Controllers OUs.
A written company policy requires that all users working in the research department must
use complex passwords of at least nine characters in length. The written policy states that
no other users are to have password restrictions. All affected users have user accounts in an
OU named Research Users in the research.Certkiller.com domain. You create a Group
Policy object (GPO) that contains the required settings. You need to ensure that these
settings affect the users in the research department, and that the settings do not affect any
other domain users or local accounts.
Where should you link the GPO?
To answer, select the appropriate location or locations in the work area.

Answer: Select the research.Certkiller.com domain.

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Explanation: Password restrictions for domain user accounts must always be set at domain
level. Password policies applied at OU level will only apply to local user accounts. In this
scenario, research.Certkiller.com contains only research users so applying the policy at the
domain level will not affect any other others.

QUESTION 8 You are the network administrator for Certkiller. The network consists of a
single Active Directory domain named Certkiller.com. All servers run Windows Server
2003. All client computers run Windows XP Professional. All servers that are not domain
controllers have computer accounts in an organizational unit (OU) named Application
Servers. Client computers have computer accounts in 15 OUs organized by department. All
users have user accounts in an OU named Company Users. Certkiller wants all users to
have Microsoft Word available on their client computers. Certkiller does not want to install
Word on domain controller or other servers. You need to configure the network to install
the application as required, without affecting any existing policies or settings.
What should you do?
A. Create a Group Policy object (GPO) configured with Microsoft Word listed in the
software installation section of the computer settings.
Link this GPO to the domain.
Configure the Domain Controllers OU and the Application Servers OU to block policy
inheritance.
B. Create a Group Policy object (GPO) configured with Microsoft Word listed in the
software installation section of the computer settings.
Link this GPO to the domain.
Configure permissions on the GPO so that all servers and domain controller accounts are
denied the permissions to read and apply the GPO.
C. Create a Group Policy object (GPO) configured with Microsoft Word listed in the
software installation section of the user settings.
Link this GPO to the domain.
Configure the Domain Controllers OU and the Application Servers OU to block policy
inheritance.
D. Create a Group Policy object (GPO) configured with Microsoft Word listed in the
software installation section of the user settings.
Link this GPO to the domain.
Configure permissions on the GPO so that all server and domain controller accounts are
denied the permissions to read and apply the GPO.
Answer: B
Explanation: The software can be installed on all the client computers, but not the domain
controllers or application servers. Because the client computers are in 15 OUs, it would be
easier to link the GPO at the domain level. The OUs containing the client computers would
then inherit the GPO settings.
To prevent the GPO applying to the domain controllers and servers, we can simply deny
the permissions to read and apply the GPO for the domain controller and server computer
accounts.
Software installation
You can use the Software Installation extension of Group Policy to centrally manage
software distribution in your organization. You can assign and publish software for groups
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of users and computers using this extension.
Assigning Applications
When you assign applications to users or computers, the applications are automatically
installed on their computers at logon (for user-assigned applications) or startup (for
computer-assigned applications.) When assigning applications to users, the default
behavior is that the application will be advertised to the computer the next time the user
logs on. This means that the application shortcut appears on the Start menu, and the registry
is updated with information about the application, including the location of the application
package and the location of the source files for the installation. With this advertisement
information on the user's computer, the application is installed the first time the user tries to
use the application. In addition to this default
behavior, Windows XP Professional and Windows Server 2003 clients support an option to
fully install the package at logon, as an alternative to installation upon first use. Note that if
this option is set, it is ignored by computers running Windows 2000, which will always
advertise user-assigned applications. When assigning applications to computers, the
application is installed the next time the computer boots up. Applications assigned to
computers are not advertised, but are installed with the default set of features configured
for the package. Assigning applications through Group Policy requires that the application
setup is authored as a Windows Installer (.msi) package.
Publishing Applications
You can also publish applications to users, making the application available for users to
install. To install a published application, users can use Add or Remove Programs in
Control Panel, which includes a list of all published applications that are available for them
to install. Alternatively, if the administrator has selected the a published application. For
example, double clicking an .xls file will trigger the installation of Microsoft Excel, if it is
not already installed. Publishing applications only applies to user policy; you cannot
publish applications to computers.
Filter user policy settings based on membership in security groups.
You can specify users or groups for which you do not want a policy setting to apply by
clearing the Apply Group Policy and Read check boxes, which are located on the Security
tab of the properties dialog box for the GPO.
When the Read permission is denied, the policy setting is not downloaded by the computer.
As a result, less bandwidth is consumed by downloading unnecessary policy settings,
which enables the network to function more quickly. To deny the Read permission, select
Deny for the Read check box, which is located on the Security tab of the properties dialog
box for the GPO.
Incorrect Answers:
A: It is likely that some domain level policies should apply to the domain controllers and
the servers. Therefore, blocking policy inheritance isn't recommended.
C: It is likely that some domain level policies should apply to the domain controllers and
the servers. Therefore, blocking policy inheritance isn't recommended.
D: This won't stop the software being installed on the servers, because the software
installation would be defined in the user section of the group policy.

QUESTION 9 You are the network administrator for Certkiller. The network consists of a
single Active Directory domain named Certkiller.com. All servers run Windows Server
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2003. All client computers run either Windows XP Professional or Windows 2000
Professional. All client computer accounts are located in an organizational unit (OU)
named Workstation. A written company policy states that the Windows 2000 Professional
computers must not use offline folders. You create a Group Policy object (GPO) to enforce
this requirement. The settings in the GPO exist for both Windows 2000 Professional
computers and Windows XP Professional computers. You need to configure the GPO to
apply only to Windows 2000 Professional computers.
What are two possible ways to achieve this goal? (Each correct answer presents a complete
solution. Choose two)
A. Create a WMI filter that will apply the GPO to computers that are running Windows
2000 Professional.
B. Create a WMI filter that will apply the GPO to computers that are not running Windows
XP Professional.
C. Create two OUs under the Workstation OU. Place the computer accounts for the
Windows XP Professional computers in one OU, and place the
computer accounts for the Windows 2000 Professional computers in the other OU. Link the
GPO to the Workstation OU.
D. Create a group that includes the Windows XP Professional computers. Assign the group
the Deny - General Resultant Set of Policy(Logging) permission.
E. Create a group that includes the Windows 2000 Professional computers. Assign the
group the Dent - Apply Group Policy permission.
Answer: A, B
Explanation: This is a tricky question because WMI filters are ignored by Windows 2000
clients. However, that doesn't matter. The Windows XP clients can evaluate the filters and
that is good enough. For answer A, the XP clients will evaluate the filter and see that the
GPO should not apply to them. The Windows 2000 clients will just apply the GPO without
evaluating the WMI filter. For answer B, the same thing will happen. The XP clients will
evaluate the filter and see that the GPO should not apply to them. The Windows 2000
clients will just apply the GPO without evaluating the WMI filter.
WMI filtering
WMI filters are only available in domains that have the Windows Server 2003
configuration. Although none of the domain controllers need to be running Windows
Server 2003, you must have run ADPrep /DomainPrep in this domain. Also note that WMI
filters are only evaluated by clients running Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, or later.
WMI filters associated with a Group Policy object will be ignored by Windows 2000
clients and the GPO will always be applied on Windows 2000.
Incorrect Answers:
C: This looks like a good idea. However, applying the GPO to the Workstation OU will (by
inheritance) apply the GPO to the two child OUs.
D: This won't prevent the application of the GPO.
E: This answer is close, but incorrect. This will prevent the GPO applying to the Windows
2000 clients. If the group contained the Windows XP clients, then it would work.

QUESTION 10 You are the network administrator for Certkiller. The network consists of
a Single Active Directory domain with three sites. There is a domain controller at each site.
All servers run Windows Server 2003.Each client computer runs either Windows 2000
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Professional or Windows XP Professional. The IT staff is organized into four groups. The
IT staff works at the three different sites. The computers for the IT staff must be configured
by using scripts. The script or scripts must run differently based on which site the IT staff
user is logging on to and which of the four groups the IT staff user is a member of. You
need to ensure that the correct logon script is applied to the IT staff users based on group
membership and site location.
What should you do?
A. Create four Group Policy objects (GPOs). Create a script in each GPO that corresponds
to one of the four groups. Link the four new GPOs to all three sites. Grant each group
permissions to apply only the GPO that was created for the group.
B. Create a single script that performs the appropriate configuration based on the user's
group membership. Place the script in the Netlogon shared folders on the domain
controllers.
C. Configure a Group Policy object (GPO) with a startup script that configures computers
based on IT staff group.Link the GPO to the three sites.
D. Create a script that configures the computers based on IT staff group membership and
site. Create and link a GPO to the Domain Controllers OU to run the script.
Answer: A
Explanation: The easiest way to filter which users or computers a GPO should apply to is
to set permissions on the GPOs. A user or computer needs the Allow - Read and Apply
Group Policy permissions in order to apply the GPO. In this question, we have four groups,
each with different requirements. By creating four different GPOs and linking them to each
of the three sites, we can manage who receives the GPO by configuring the permissions on
the GPOs.
Incorrect Answers:
B: The script needs to be linked to an Active Directory container.
C: It's easier to use GPO permissions to determine which users or computers should receive
a GPO.
D: It's easier to use GPO permissions to determine which users or computers should receive
a GPO. Furthermore, the GPO is linked to the wrong container in this answer.

QUESTION 11 You are the network administrator for Certkiller, a company that has a
single office. The network consists of a single Active Directory domain and a single site.
All servers run Windows Server 2003.All file and print servers and application servers are
located in an organizational unit (OU) named Servers. A server support team handles daily
support issues for the file and print servers and application servers. All of the server
support team's user accounts are located in the OU named SST. You are responsible for
managing security for Certkiller's servers. You create a group named
Server Support that includes all the user accounts of the server support team. You need to
ensure that members of the server support team can log on locally to only the file and print
servers and the application servers.
What should you do?
A. Create a Group Policy object (GPO) to grant the Server Support group the Allow log on
locally user right. Link the GPO to the SST OU.
B. Create a Group Policy object (GPO) to grant the Server Support group the Allow log on
locally user right. Link the GPO to the Servers OU.
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C. Assign the Server Support group the Allow - Full Control permission for the Servers
OU.
D. Assign the Server Support group the Allow - Full Control permission for the Computers
container.
Answer: B
Explanation: All file and print servers and application servers are located in an
organizational unit (OU) named Servers. Therefore, we can simply a Group Policy object
(GPO) to grant the Server Support group the Allow log on locally user right and link the
GPO to the Servers OU.
Incorrect Answers:
A: The GPO needs to be linked to the OU containing the computer accounts for the servers.
C: This would allow the Server Support group to create objects in the OU, and to modify
the permission on existing objects. This is more 'permission' than necessary.
D: This would allow the Server Support group to create objects in the computers container,
and to modify the permission on existing objects. This would have no effect on the servers
because they are in a separate OU.

QUESTION 12 You are the network administrator for Certkiller. The network consists of
a single Active Directory forest. The forest consists of 19 Active Directory domains.
Fifteen of the domains contain Windows Server 2003 domain controllers. The functional
level of all the domains is Windows 2000 native. The network consists of a single
Microsoft Exchange 2000 Server organization. You need to create groups that can be used
only to send e-mail messages to user accounts throughout Certkiller. You want to achieve
this goal by using the minimum amount of replication traffic and minimizing the size of the
Active Directory database. You need to create a plan for creating e-mail groups for
Certkiller.
What should you do?
A. Create global distribution groups in each domain. Make the appropriate users from each
domain members of the global distribution group in the same
domain. Create universal distribution groups. Make the global distribution groups in each
domain members of the universal distribution groups.
B. Create global security groups in each domain. Make the appropriate users from each
domain members of the security group in the same domain.
Create universal security groups. Make the global security groups in each domain members
of the universal security groups.
C. Create universal distribution groups. Make the appropriate users from each domain
members of a universal distribution group.
D. Create universal security groups. Make the appropriate users from each domain
members of a universal security group.
Answer: A
Explanation: We need to minimize replication traffic. We can do this by placing the users
into Global groups, then place the Global groups into Universal groups. In Active
Directory, a Universal group lists all its members. If the Universal group contained user
accounts, and a user account was added or removed, then the Universal group information
would be replicated throughout the forest. This is why placing user accounts directly into
Universal groups isn't recommended. We need to use Distribution groups for email groups.
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Answers B and D are wrong because they suggest using security groups. Answer C is
wrong because it suggests placing the user accounts directly into Universal groups.

When to use global groups
Because global groups have a forest-wide visibility, do not create them for domain-specific
resource access. Use a global group to organize users who share the same job tasks and
need similar network access requirements. A different group type is more appropriate for
controlling access to resources within a domain.
When to use universal groups
Use universal groups to nest global groups so that you can assign permissions to related
resources in multiple domains. A Windows Server 2003 domain must be in Windows 2000
native mode or higher to use universal groups.
When to use domain local groups
Use a domain local group to assign permissions to resources that are located in the same
domain as the domain local group. You can place all global groups that need to share the
same resources into the appropriate domain local group.
MS THUMB RULES
Grant permissions to groups instead of users.
• A G P
• A DL P
• A G DL P
• A G U DL P
• A G L P
A (Account)
G (Global Group)
U (Universal Group)
DL (Domain Local Group)
P (Permissions)
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Reference
Server Help Schema classes and attributes, MS workshop 2209

QUESTION 13 You are the network administrator for Acme Inc. Your network consists of
a single Active Directory forest that contains one domain named acme.com. The functional
level of the forest is Windows Server 2003.Acme, Inc., acquires a company named
Certkiller. The Certkiller network consists of a single Active Directory forest that contains
a root domain named Certkiller.com and a child domain named asia.Certkiller.com. The
functional level of the forest is Windows 2000. The functional level of the
asia.Certkiller.com domain is Windows 2000 native. A business decision by Certkiller
requires that asia.Certkiller.com domain to be removed. You need to move all user
accounts from the asia.Certkiller.com domain to the acme.com domain by using the Active
Directory Migration Tool. You need to accomplish this task without changing the logon
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rights and permissions for all other users. You need to ensure that users in
asia.Certkiller.com can log on to acme.com by using their current user names and
passwords.
What should you do?
A. Create a two-way Windows Server 2003 external trust relationship between the
acme.com domain and the Certkiller.com domain.
B. Create a one-way Windows Server 2003 external trust relationship in which the
acme.com domain trusts the Certkiller.com domain.
C. Create a temporary two-way external trust relationship between the acme.com domain
and the asia.Certkiller.com domain.
D. Create a temporary one-way external trust relationship in which the asia.Certkiller.com
domain trusts the acme.com domain.
Answer: C
Explanation: To use ADMT, we need a two way trust between the acme.com domain and
the asia.Certkiller.com domain.
Incorrect Answers:
A: This would enable users in Certkiller.com to log in to acme.com and users in acme.com
to log in to Certkiller.com.
B: This would enable users in Certkiller.com to log in to acme.com.
D: The trust must be a two-way trust.

QUESTION 14 You are the network administrator for Certkiller. Your network consists of
a single Active Directory forest that contains three domains. The forest root domain is
named Certkiller.com. The domain contains two child domains named asia.Certkiller.com
and africa.Certkiller.com. The functional level of the forest is Windows Server 2003. Each
domain contains two Windows Server 2003 domain controllers named DC1 and DC2. DC1
in the
Certkiller.com domain performs the following two operations master roles: schema master
and domain naming master. DC1 in each child domain performs the following three
operations master roles: PDC emulator master, relative ID (RID) master, and infrastructure
master. DC1 in each domain is also a global catalog server. The user account for Jack King
in the africa.Certkiller.com domain is a member of the Medicine Students security group.
Because of a name change, the domain administrator of africa.Certkiller.com changes the
Last name field of Jack's user account from King to Edwards.
The domain administrator of asia.Certkiller.com discovers that the user account for Jack is
still listed as Jack King. You need to ensure that the user account for Jack Edwards is
correctly listed in the Medicine Students group.
What should you do?
A. Transfer the PDC emulator master role from DC1 to DC2 in each domain.
B. Transfer the infrastructure master role from DC1 to DC2 in each domain.
C. Transfer the RID master role from DC1 to DC2 on each domain.
D. Transfer the schema master role from DC1 to DC2 in the Certkiller.com domain.
Answer: B
Explanation: Problems like this can occur when the infrastructure master role is on the
same domain controller as the Global Catalog. There is no reason to transfer any other
master roles.
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Infrastructure master
A domain controller that holds the infrastructure operations master role in Active
Directory. The infrastructure master updates the group-to-user reference whenever group
memberships change and replicates these changes across the domain. At any time, the
infrastructure master role can be assigned to only one domain controller in each domain. in
each domain. The infrastructure master is responsible for updating references from objects
in its domain to objects in other domains. The infrastructure master compares its data with
that of a global catalog. Global catalogs receive regular updates for objects in all domains
through replication, so the global catalog data will always be up to date. If the
infrastructure master finds data that is out of date, it requests the updated data from a global
catalog. The infrastructure master then replicates that updated data to the other domain
controllers in the domain.
Important
Unless there is only one domain controller in the domain, the infrastructure master role
should not be assigned to the domain controller that is hosting the global catalog. If the
infrastructure master and global catalog are on the same domain controller, the
infrastructure master will not function. The infrastructure master will never find data that is
out of date, so it will never replicate any changes to the other domain controllers in the
domain.
In the case where all of the domain controllers in a domain are also hosting the global
catalog, all of the domain controllers will have the current data and it does not matter which
domain controller holds the infrastructure master role. The infrastructure master is also
responsible for updating the group-to-user references when ever the members of groups are
renamed or changed. When you rename or move a member of a group (and that member
resides in a different domain from the group), the group may temporarily appear not to
contain that member. The infrastructure master of the group's domain is responsible for
updating the group so it knows the new name or location of the member. This prevents the
loss of group memberships associated with a user account when the user account is
renamed or moved. The infrastructure master distributes the update via multimaster
replication. There is no compromise to security during the time between the member
rename and the group update. Only an administrator looking at that particular group
membership would notice the temporary inconsistency.

QUESTION 15 You are the network administrator for Certkiller. The network consists of
a single Active Directory domain with two sites. Each site contains two domain controllers.
One domain controller in each site is a global catalog server. You add a domain controller
to each site. Each new domain controller has a faster processor than the existing domain
controllers. Certkiller requires Active Directory replication to flow through the servers that
have the most powerful CPUs in each site. You need to configure the intersite replication to
comply with Certkiller's requirement for Active
Directory replication.
What should you do?
A. Configure the new domain controllers as global catalog servers.
B. Configure the new domain controller in each site as a preferred bridgehead server for the
IP transport.
C. Configure the new domain controller in each site as a preferred bridgehead server for the
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SMTP transport.
D. Configure an additional IP site link between the two sites. Assign a lower site link cost
to this site link than the site link cost for the original site link.
Answer: B
Explanation:
Replication.
Directory information is replicated both within and among sites. Active Directory
replicates information within a site more frequently than across sites. This balances the
need for up-to-date directory information with the limitations imposed by available
network bandwidth .You customize how Active Directory replicates information using site
links to specify how your sites are connected. Active Directory uses the information about
how sites are connected to generate Connection objects that provide efficient replication
and fault tolerance. You provide information about the cost of a site link, times when the
link is available for use and how often the link should be used. Active Directory uses this
information to determine which site link will be used to replicate information. Customizing
replication schedules so replication occurs during specific times, such as when network
traffic is low, will make replication more efficient. Ordinarily, all domain controllers are
used to exchange information between sites, but you can further control replication
behavior by specifying a bridgehead server for inter-site replicated information. Establish a
bridgehead server when you have a specific server you want to dedicate for inter-site
replication, rather than using any server available. You can also establish a bridgehead
server when your deployment uses proxy
servers, such as for sending and receiving information through a firewall.
Site link Site links are logical paths that the KCC uses to establish a connection for Active
Directory replication. Site links are stored in Active Directory as site link objects. A site
link object represents a set of sites that can communicate at uniform cost through a
specified intersite transport. All sites contained within the site link are considered to be
connected by means of the same network type. Sites must be manually linked to other sites
by using site links so that domain controllers in one site can replicate directory changes
from domain controllers in another site. Because site links do not correspond to the actual
path taken by network packets on the physical network during replication, you do not need
to create redundant
site links to improve Active Directory replication efficiency. When two sites are connected
by a site link, the replication system automatically creates connections between specific
domain controllers in each site called bridgehead servers. In Microsoft(r) Windows(r)
2000, intersite replication of the directory partitions (e.g. domain, configuration, and
schema) between domain controllers in different sites is performed by the domain
controllers (one per directory partition) in those sites designated by the KCC as the
bridgehead server. In Windows Server 2003, the KCC may designate more than one
domain controller per site hosting the same directory partition as a candidate bridgehead
server. The replication connections created by the KCC are randomly distributed between
all candidate bridgehead servers in a site to share the replication workload. By default, the
randomized selection process takes place only when new connection objects are added to
the site. However, you can run Adlb.exe, a new Windows Resource Kit tool called Active
Directory Load Balancing (ADLB) to rebalance the load each time a change occurs in the
site topology or in the number of domain
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controllers the site. In addition, ADLB can stagger schedules so that the outbound
replication load for each domain controller is spread out evenly across time. Consider using
ADLB to balance replication traffic between the Windows Server 2003-based domain
controllers when they are replicating to more than 20 other sites hosting the same domain
Reference
MS Windows Server 2003 Deployment Kit
Designing and Deploying Directory and Security Services
Active Directory Replication Concepts

QUESTION 16 You are a network administrator for Certkiller. The network consists of a
single Active Directory domain named Certkiller.com. All servers run Windows Server
2003. The functional level of the domain is Windows Server 2003. The organizational unit
(OU) structure is shown in the exhibit.

Certkiller uses an X.500 directory service enabled product to support a sales and marketing
application. The application is used only by users in the sales department and the marketing
department. The application uses InetOrgPerson objects as user accounts. InetOrgPerson
objects have been created in Active Directory for all Sales and Marketing users. These
users are instructed to log on by using their InetOrgPerson object as their user account.
Microsoft Identity Integration Server is configured to copy changes to InetOrgPerson
objects from Active Directory to the X.500 directory service enabled product. All
InetOrgPerson objects for marketing employees are located in the Marketing OU. All
InetOrgPerson objects for sales employees are located in the Sales OU. King is another
administrator in Certkiller. King is responsible for managing the objects for users who
require access to the X.500 directory service enabled product. You need to configure
Active Directory to allow King to perform his responsibilities.
Which action or actions should you take? (Choose all that apply)
A. On the domain, grant King the permission to manage user objects.
B. On the domain, grant King the permission to manage InetorgPerson objects.
C. On the Sales OU, block the inheritance of permissions.
D. On the Marketing OU, block the inheritance of permissions.
E. On the Dev OU, block the inheritance of permissions.
Answer: B, E
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Explanation: The administrator named King needs to manage the InetorgPerson objects.
We could delegate this task as shown in the exhibit below, but this isn't given as an option.

Instead we can set permissions at the domain level. The permissions shouldn't apply to the
Dev OU, so we'll have to block the inheritance of the permissions for the Dev OU.


QUESTION 17 You are the network administrator for Certkiller. The network consists of
a single Active Directory forest that contains five domains. The functional level of the
forest is Windows 2000. You have not configured any universal groups in the forest. One
domain is a child domain named usa.Certkiller.com that contains two domain controllers
and 50 client computers. The functional level of the domain is Windows Server 2003. The
network includes an Active Directory site named Site1 that contains two domain
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controllers. Site1 represents a remote clinic, and the location changes every few months.
All of the computers in usa.Certkiller.com are located in the remote clinic. The single
WAN connection that connects the remote
clinic to the main network is often saturated or unavailable. Site1 does not include any
global catalog servers. You create several new user accounts on the domain controllers
located in Site1. You need to ensure that users in the remote clinic can always quickly and
successfully log on to the domain.
What should you do?
A. Enable universal group membership caching in Site1.
B. Add the
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa\IgnoreGCFailures
key to the registry on both domain controllers in Site1.
C. Add the
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa\IgnoreGCFailures
key to the registry on all global catalog servers in the forest.
D. Raise the functional level of the forest to Windows Server 2003.
Answer: B
Explanation:
Native Mode Domain
A native mode domain, where all domain controllers are Windows 2000 domain controllers
and the domain has been irrevocably switched to native mode, allows the usage of
universal groups. When processing a logon request for a user in a native-mode domain, a
domain controller sends a query to a global catalog server to determine the user's universal
group memberships. Since you can explicitly deny a group access to a resource, complete
knowledge of a user's group memberships is necessary to enforce access control correctly.
If a domain controller of a native-mode domain cannot contact a global catalog server to
determine universal group membership when a user wants to log on, the domain controller
refuses the logon request.
The following registry key can be set so that the domain controller ignores the global
catalog server failure when expanding universal groups: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
\System \CurrentControlSet \Control \Lsa \IgnoreGCFailures The domain controller still
tries to connect to the global catalog server, however, and the timeout for that query must
expire. For more information on using this registry key, refer to article Q241789 in the
Microsoft Knowledge Base.

QUESTION 18 You are a network administrator for Certkiller that has a main office and
five branch offices. The network consists of six Active Directory domains. All servers run
Windows Server 2003. Each office is configured as a single domain. Each office is also
configured as an Active Directory site. Certkiller uses an application server that queries
user information from the global catalog. You install application servers in the main office
and in three branch offices. The network is configured as shown in the exhibit.
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You monitor the WAN connections between the main office and each branch office and
discover that the utilization increased from 70 percent to 90 percent. Users report slow
response times when accessing information on the application server. You need to place
global catalog servers in offices where they will improve the response times for the
application servers. You need to achieve this goal with a minimum amount of increase in
WAN traffic.
In which office or offices should you place a new global catalog server or servers? (Choose
all that apply)
A. Berlin
B. Rio de Janeiro
C. New Delhi
D. St Petersburg
E. Cairo
Answer: B, C, D
Explanation: Because the application server queries Global catalog attributes, we need to
put one Global Catalog server in each site hosting an application server; in this case Rio de
Janeiro, New Delhi and St Petersburg.

QUESTION 19 You are the network administrator for Certkiller. The network consists of
a single Active Directory forest. The functional level of the forest is Windows 2000. The
forest consists of a root domain named Certkiller.com and two child domains named
europe.Certkiller.com and australia.Certkiller.com. The functional level of all domains is
Windows 2000 native. All domain controllers in the Certkiller.com
domain run Windows Server 2003. All domain controllers in the europe.Certkiller.com and
australia.Certkiller.com domains run Windows 2000 Server.
You need to able to rename all domain controllers in Certkiller.com. You want to minimize
impact to the network.
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What should you do?
To answer, drag the appropriate action or actions to the correct location or locations in the
work area.

Answer:

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