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A study on the techniques for the improvement to the teaching of oral skills in light of communicative english language teaching for junior high school teachers in quang ngai province part 3

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Acknowledgements ................ iv
List of abbreviations ........................................................................................................... v
Part 1: Introduction
1. Rationale of the study...........................................................................................................1
2. Aims of the study ................................................................................................................2
3. Methods of the study ...........................................................................................................2
4. Scope of the study ...............................................................................................................2
5. Design of the study ..............................................................................................................2
Part 2: Development
Chapter 1: Literature Review ..................................................................................................4
1.1. Introduction ......................................................................................................................4
1.2. An overview of techniques, methods and approaches......................................................4
1.2.1. Definitions ..................................................................................................................4
1.2.2. History of methods / approaches ................................................................................4
1.3. An overview of communicative language teaching ........................................................5
1.3.1. Definition ...................................................................................................................5
1.3.2. Principles ...................................................................................................................5
1.3.3. Techniques for language teaching ............................................................................6
1.4. Summary .......................................................................................................................6
Chapter 2: An Investigation into the Current Performance of English Teaching and

Learning in Junior High Schools in Quang Ngai Province ....................................................7
2.1. Introduction ......................................................................................................................7
2.2. The Junior High School Community in Quang Ngai Province........................................7
2.3. Students and learning requirements..................................................................................7
2.4. Teachers and teaching methods .......................................................................................8
2.5. Materials and assessments ................................................................................................8
2.6. Data collection, findings and discussion .........................................................................9
2.6.1. Data collection ..........................................................................................................9
2.6.1.1. The subjects .........................................................................................................9
2.6.1.2. Instruments for data collection ...........................................................................9
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2.6.2. Findings and discussion ............................................................................................9
2.6.2.1. Teachers’ Personal Information ..........................................................................9
• Age of teachers ..........................................................................................................9
• Teaching experience and training ...............................................................................9
• Qualifications ............................................................................................................10
2.6.2.2. Information about Schools................................................................................10
• Access to resource at school .....................................................................................10
• Conditions that facilitate teaching ............................................................................10
• Conditions that impede teaching ..............................................................................11
2.6.2.3. Students' Attitude .............................................................................................11
• Students' need for English ........................................................................................11
• Students' strengths and weaknesses ..........................................................................11
2.6.2.4. Teachers’ Performance and Perception ...........................................................11
• Teachers' workload ...................................................................................................11
• Professional support .................................................................................................11
• Teachers' responses to the new Tieng Anh 6-9 textbook series...............................11
• Teachers' perception of their own teaching ..............................................................11
2.6.2.5. Remarks about class observations ...................................................................13
• Methods ....................................................................................................................13
• Techniques ...............................................................................................................13
2.7. Summary ........................................................................................................................13
Chapter 3: Suggested Techniques to Improve the Teaching of Oral Skills for Junior High
School Teachers in Quang Ngai Province ............................................................................14
3.1. Techniques for teaching speaking .................................................................................14
3.1.1. Introduction .............................................................................................................14
3.1.2. Controlled speaking activities .................................................................................15
3.1.3. Less controlled speaking activities .........................................................................21
3.1.4. Summary..................................................................................................................24
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3.2. Techniques for teaching listening ..................................................................................24
3.2.1. Introduction..............................................................................................................24
3.2.2. Pre-listening techniques ..........................................................................................28
3.2.3. While-listening techniques ......................................................................................30
3.2.4. Post-listening techniques .........................................................................................31
3.2.5. Summary..................................................................................................................32
3.3. Techniques for correcting students’spoken errors..........................................................32
3.3.1. Introduction..................................32
3.3.2. Correction Techniques.............................................................................................34
3.3.3. Summary .................................................................................................................36
Part 3: Conclusion
1. Recapitulation ....................................................................................................................37
2. Limitations and suggestions for further study ..................................................................38
References .............................................................................................................................39
Appendix ...............................................................................................................................41
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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
First of all, I would like to express my deep gratitude to all my teachers at College
of Foreign Languages, Vietnam National University-Hanoi for their valuable lectures. And
their knowledge, their thoughtfulness as well as their sympathy I will always appreciate.
For the accomplishment of this study, I wish to show my sincere thanks to my
supervisor Mr. Nguyễn Bàng, who has given me kind guidance and correction.
I would like to acknowledge my debt to Assoc. Prof. Dr. Lê Hùng Tiến and the
staff members of Postgraduate Department, College of Foreign Languages, VNU-Hanoi for
their enthusiastic support.
I am sincerely grateful to Mr. Đinh Tấn Bảo and my colleagues of Foreign
Languages Department, Quang Ngai Teachers Training College for their attention and
encouragement.
I am appreciative of all those who have kindly advised and helped me during the
period of my study at College of Foreign Languages, VNU-Hanoi.
Finally, I wish to thank my wife for the love she gives me and her encouragement
in my doing this thesis.
Hanoi, summer 2007
Trần Quốc Việt
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ABBREVIATIONS
• BA : Bachelor of Arts.
• CLT : Communicative Language Teaching
• DES : District Education Service
• ELT : English language teaching
• JHS : Junior High School
• TJC : Teachers Training Junior College
• MA : Master of Arts
• PETS : Province Education and Training Service
• SHS : Senior High School
• Ss : Students
• TSC : Teachers Training Senior College
• T : Teacher
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