n order to be able to unlock the meaning of many words in the English language, it is useful for you to under-
stand what a preﬁx is. A preﬁx is a word part at the beginning of a word that changes or adds to the mean-
ing of the root word in some way. By learning some common preﬁxes, you will be able to decipher the
meaning of many words that are unfamiliar to you. After you have completed the exercises in this chapter, you
will become acquainted with the meanings of the more common preﬁxes, which will improve your reading, speak-
ing, and listening vocabularies.
Vocabulary List 1:
When actors analyze a character, they break the person’s characteris-
tics down into personality, mannerisms, and appearance in order to see
what makes them tick. You do much the same thing when you analyze
a word. Breaking a new word down into its parts can help you deter-
mine its meaning.
VOCABULARY LIST 1: PREFIXES
4 medical “forecast”
6 avoid, elude
11 the opposite of
19 sinister, venomous
2 to exceed
6 dispute, argument
10 general agreement
15 aversion, loathing
16 an expression for
Choose the word from the Vocabulary List that best ﬁts into the crossword puzzle. You can check your answers
at the end of the chapter following the answers to the questions.
Vocabulary List 1: Preﬁxes
preﬁx: ante means before
going before in time
The VCR was a(n) to the DVD player.
preﬁx: anti means against
revulsion, any object of strong dislike
I have a severe toward cockroaches.
preﬁx: circum and circ mean around
to go around; to catch in a trap; to gain superiority
over; to prevent from happening
I tried to any ill will between my two
employees by giving them both a promotion.
preﬁx: con means with, together
agreement, especially in opinion
The family ﬁnally reached a and decided
to adopt a dog from the pound.
preﬁx: contr means against
a discussion of a question in which opposing views
There is a in my building about whether
or not to implement a ﬂip tax.
preﬁx: dec means ten
to destroy or kill a large portion of something, to
take or destroy a tenth part of something
Humans continue to the rainforest every
preﬁx: de means down, away from
to lower in grade or position
The company had to the vice president
due to an economic downturn.
preﬁx: dis means not, opposite of
not motivated by personal interest or selﬁsh motives
He is the most politician running for
ofﬁce this term.
preﬁx: eu means good, well
the use of a word or phrase that is considered less
distasteful or offensive than another
“Bachelorette” is a for “spinster.”
preﬁx: ex means out of, away from
going beyond what is reasonable and proper
The cost of real estate in the big cities
forces many people to move to the suburbs.
preﬁx: il means not, opposite
not able to be read
Because my handwriting is , I always type
VOCABULARY LIST 1: PREFIXES