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方斑东风螺对饮料蛋白质需要量的研究 Ốc hương Babylonia

45
2006

厦 门大学学报 ( 自然 科学版 )
Journal of X iam en U niversity ( Na tu ra l Science)

5

V o .l 45 Sup.
M ay 2006

*

许贻斌, 柯才焕 , 王德祥, 魏永杰, 吕剑泉
(

,

(

:


8

361005)

26. 90 ? 1. 52 e ,

,

2. 16 ? 0. 05 g

) ,

( Baby lonia areo lata L ink)

:

27. 6 ? 0. 5

60 d

,
( p < 0. 05).

.
43. 10%

35. 17%

,

( p > 0. 05),

,

(p > 0. 05).

,

36. 47% ~ 43. 10% .

:

;

;

: S 966. 2

:A

: 0438-0479( 2006) S-0216-05

( B aby lonia areolata L ink)
,
.

,

,

,
.

,

,

,

27. 6 ?

25~ 28,

0. 5.

,

0. 2 m
20 cm
24~ 29e
,

26. 90 ? 1. 52 e ,

,

.

2

50 cm
6 L.

,

.

1. 2
,

.

20%

,

55%

,
.
[ 1]

18

.

60 d
.

2. 1~ 2. 3 g

(

.

2 cm
40

,

)

,

( 20

,

,

.

,
[ 2~ 10]

(
,

,

.
,

.

,

20

5%

,

),

,

,

,

)

,

43. 20 g,
43. 20 g.

.

60 d

.

1

1. 3
1.

1. 1
,

1. 4
1

.

80

: 2005-11-03
:
:
*

,

: chke@ xmu. edu. cn

, 80%

-

,
100

10% (
)

( 03EFN 213500133)
( 1979- ) ,

,

.

,

, - 20e

. 100%

.

,
,

,
.


# 217 #

:

*

1
T ab. 1

Ing red ient of the expe rim ental diets for B abylonia areo la ta

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

(% )

0

6

12

18

24

30

36

42

(% )

30

30

30

30

30

30

30

30

42

36

30

24

18

12

6

0

(% )

: 3% ; A-

*
: 0. 5% ;

: 18% ;

: 1% ;

: 1. 5% ;

: 3% ;

: 1% .

4e

,

.

spss 11. 0

1. 5

T ukey

.

2
Buch i(

)

K-314

2. 1

;
(

)

;

.

60 d
550e

,

.

Parr.
1261-system 2

3.

3

,

2.

41. 12%

,

1. 6
( 1)

,

,

,

3h
, - 20e

60e

,

( p < 0. 05) .
41. 12%

,
35. 17%

.
( 2)

,

0. 05) .
,

,

.
( 3)

10: 00

,

,

.

( p>
( p > 0. 05 ).

41. 12%
.

1. 7
(% ) =

/

@ 100
(% ) =

/

=

/

@ 100
=

@

/(
(% ) =
=

)
@ 100

/
/

(% ) = (

-

)/

@ 100
,

,

20

1

60 d

.

F ig. 1

1. 8

Curv e figure ana ly sis o f relatively percent m ass ga in in
Baby lonia areolata fed experim ental diets con taining va-

2

3
?

,
,

3

r ious pro tein levels


# 218 #

(

)

2006

2
T ab. 2 A na ly sis of nu tur ient o f experim enta l d ie ts fo r Baby lon ia areolata
*

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

(% , dry mass)

20. 99

25. 55

31. 50

35. 17

41. 12

46. 12

51. 06

55. 23

65. 36

(% , dry mass)

5. 54

5. 45

5. 57

5. 54

5. 38

5. 33

5. 41

5. 51

5. 23

(% , dry mass)

9. 79

9. 53

9. 52

9. 64

9. 73

9. 94

9. 68

9. 84

15. 05

(% , w et m ass)

6. 24

6. 55

6. 98

6. 65

6. 26

6. 94

6. 71

6. 42

83. 26

(M J /kg )

16. 17

16. 77

17. 16

17. 36

17. 76

18. 16

18. 59

18. 96

19. 35

12. 98

15. 23

18. 36

20. 26

23. 16

25. 39

27. 46

29. 13

33. 77

( g /M J)
*

60e

.

3

?

(

)

T ab. 3 G row th per fo rm ance ofB abylonia areo la ta fed the d ie ts conta ining var ious pro te in leve ls( average ? SD )
1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

( g)

2. 16 ? 0. 05

2. 16 ? 0. 05

2. 16 ? 0. 05

2. 16 ? 0. 05

2. 16 ? 0. 05

2. 16 ? 0. 05

2. 16? 0. 05

2. 16? 0. 05

2. 16 ? 0. 05

( g)

3. 18 ? 0. 27

3. 42 ? 0. 26

3. 56 ? 0. 25

3. 71 ? 0. 25

3. 99 ? 0. 28

3. 82 ? 0. 28

3. 74? 0. 30

3. 62? 0. 23

4. 15 ? 0. 28

47. 11? 0. 49

(% )

( cm )
( cm )

b

64. 58 ? 1. 31

c

71. 76 ? 0. 65

d

84. 49 ? 0. 65

e

76. 85 ? 1. 31

f

df

c

g

73. 26 ? 0. 49

67. 64 ? 1. 38

92. 13 ? 0. 98

2. 20 ? 0. 07

2. 20 ? 0. 07

2. 20 ? 0. 07

2. 20 ? 0. 07

2. 20 ? 0. 07

2. 20? 0. 07

2. 20? 0. 07

2. 20 ? 0. 07

2. 44 ? 0. 14

2. 49 ? 0. 09

2. 51 ? 0. 09

2. 54 ? 0. 08

2. 63 ? 0. 12

2. 57 ? 0. 14

2. 54? 0. 11

2. 52? 0. 11

2. 76 ? 0. 14

11. 01? 1. 19

( g)

11. 87? 0. 38
36. 00? 0. 78

(% )

58. 10? 0. 65

2. 20 ? 0. 07

(% )

(% )

a

a

a

a

13. 23? 0. 79
14. 91? 0. 59
43. 04? 1. 22

2. 78 ? 0. 06

a

2. 32 ? 0. 07

1. 72 ? 0. 04

a

1. 68 ? 0. 05

90. 00? 7. 07

a

ac

14. 11 ? 0. 94

ac

15. 38 ? 0. 07

ad

19. 47 ? 1. 30

a

19. 07 ? 0. 01

b

22. 27 ? 0. 73

bc

30. 22 ? 0. 81

b

46. 10 ? 0. 91

b

48. 98 ? 1. 16

c

49. 69 ? 1. 71

b

2. 17 ? 0. 04

a

1. 46 ? 0. 03

90. 00? 0. 00

a

b

2. 04 ? 0. 05

b

1. 39 ? 0. 03

a

100. 00 ? 0. 00

87. 5 ? 3. 54

c

2. 01 ? 0. 07

b

1. 21 ? 0. 04
a

bde

16. 60 ? 1. 64

d

31. 01 ? 1. 30

c

49. 41 ? 1. 23

c

2. 02 ? 0. 05

c

c

1. 07 ? 0. 03

d

100. 00? 0. 00

:

a

cdf

15. 56 ? 0. 92

de

33. 42 ? 0. 97

c

48. 38 ? 1. 08

97. 50 ? 3. 54

2. 07? 0. 05
0. 95? 0. 02
a

a ef

14. 53 ? 1. 92

df

35. 49 ? 1. 58

c

45. 50 ? 1. 10

c

af

a

95. 00 ? 7. 07

f

bc

2. 20? 0. 05

de

g

25. 57 ? 0. 94

0. 82? 0. 02

bc

ef

a

90. 00 ? 0. 00

(p > 0. 05);
( p < 0. 05).

,

2. 2
,
[ 5]

,

,

,

,

,
: y = 1. 7692x + 10. 599( 20. 99

[ x [ 41. 12) (R = 0. 9859).
2

,

23. 05
43. 10.
36. 47%

,
,
43. 10%

3. 1

36. 47.

.
,

36. 47% ~ 43. 10% .

3

: y=
2
2
- 0. 0663x + 5. 7153x - 45. 133 (R = 0. 9216). (
1)

43. 10%
.
,

M ai
( PER)

:

( FCE )

,
,

,
.


# 219 #

:
[ 2 ~ 4, 6, 7]

.

[ 12]

.

[ 4]

.

鲀 蛋白 质需 要 量的 研究 和王 贵

[ 2]

,

,

.

,
[ 4]

,

鲀蛋白质幼鱼需要量研究中和
[ 6]

.

.

3. 2
,
.

,

,
.

,

,
,
.

,

,
[ 1]

,

.

,

,
,

,

.
.

.

,
,

,
,

,
.

65. 36% ,

:

.
,

[ 1]

,

,

,

,
,

[ 2]

.
,

[ 3]

.

,

,

,

,

[ J] .

,

,

.
[ J].
,

, 1997, ( 5): 5- 7.
.

, 2005, 29( 2): 189- 192.
,

.

:

[ J].

3. 3

, 2000, 24( 6): 603

- 609.
[ 4]

,
[ J] .

,

,
,

.

,

,

,

,

.
, 2003, 23

T ibbetts S M, L all S P, A nde rson D M. D ietary prote in requ irem ent o f juvenile Am er ican ee l ( A nguilla rostrata) fed

.
,

:

( 2 ): 11- 12.
[ 7]

,

2 cm

[M ].

[ J].

.

.

[ 6]

.

,
[ 13]

.
, 1996.

.
[ 11 ]

,

, 2003, 27( 5): 450- 455.

[ 5]

,
[ 5, 10 ]

鲀 幼鱼 对蛋白 质的 最适需 要量

.

practica l diets[ J] . A quacu lture, 2000, 186: 145- 155.

,

[ 8]

,

Br itz P J. E ffect of dietary pro te in leve l on grow th performance o f Sou th A fr ican aba lone, H alio tis m idae, fed fishm ea l-

.

based sem i- pur ified diets [ J]. A quacu lture, 1996, 140: 55
- 61
[ 9]

,

V ergara J M, F ernandez-Pa lac ios H, R oba ina L,

et a.l T he

effects of vary ing d ietary prote in leve l on the g row th, feed ef

.

fic iency, pro te in utilization and body composition o f g ilthead

3. 4

sea bream fry[ J]. F isheries Sc ience, 1996( 62): 620- 623.
[ 10]

,

N asir K ureshy, A llen D avis D. P rote in requ irem ent for m aintenance and m ax im um w e ight ga in fo r the P acific wh ite
shr im p, L itopenaeus vannam e i[ J]. A quacu lture 2004, 204:


# 220 #

[ 11]

(

)

125- 143.

nutr ition of tw o spec ies o f aba lone, H alio tist and H alio tis

N ationa l R esearch Counc i.l N utrition R equrem ent o f F ish

discus Ino.

[M ]. W ashing ton DC: N ationa lA cadem y Press, 1993: 6 114.
[ 12]

2006

IV. O ptim um d ietary prote in lev el fo r g row th

[ J]. A quaculture, 1995, 136, 165- 180.
[ 13]

,

M a i K, m ercer J P, D on lon J. Comparative studies on the

.

[ J].

, 5( 1): 92- 96.

Studies on Protein R equirem ent ofBabylonia areolata Link
*

XU Y -i bin, KE C a-i huan , W ANG D e-x iang, W E IY ong- jie, LV J ian-quan
( C o lleg e o f O ceano g raphy and Env iro nm enta l Sc ience, X iam en U n iv ersity, Sta te K ey L abora to ry o f
M arine Env iro nm enta l Sc ience ( X iam en U n iv ersity), X iam en 361005, Ch ina)

Abstract: A 60-day g row th ex per im ent w as conducted in o rder to determ ine the pro te in requ irem en t fo r the g row th o f Ba by lon ia a reo lata L ink w ith in itia lm a ss o f 2. 16 ? 0. 05g , at the tem perature o f 26. 90 ? 1. 52 e

and the sa lin ity o f 27. 6 ? 0. 5. W h ite f ish m eal and ca-

sein w ere used as the m a in dietary pro tein source to fo rm u la te exper im enta l diets at e ig ht pro te in leve ls. T he re su lts show ed that the re lationsh ip be tw een the feed pro te in requirem ent and the re lativ e m a ss ga in o fBaby lon ia a reo la ta L ink w as pa rabo la reg re ssion. The re la tive
m a ss g ain o f Babylonia a reo la ta reached itsm ax im um w hen the d ie tary pro te in leve lw as up to 43. 10% . (p < 0. 05) T here w as no sig nif-i
cant difference be tw een the diets feed eff ic iency and feed coe fficien tw hen dietary pro te in leve lw as ov er 35. 17% ( p > 0. 05). T he pro tein
e fficiency ratio tended to decrease w ith the increasing dietary pro te in leve .l T he re w as no sign ifican t difference in the surv iv a l rate. (p > 0.
05) . B ased on the ana ly sis o f regression equa tion and using the relative m ass ga in as index, w e cou ld determ ine that the op tim a l pro te in requirem ent o f Ba by lon ia a reo lata L ink shou ld be a t the range o f 36. 47% ~ 43. 10% .

K ey words: Babylonia ar eo la ta L ink; pro te in requirem en;t re la tive m a ss ga in



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