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不同蛋白源饲料对方斑东风螺生长的影响 Ốc hương Babylonia

48

(

4

2009

)

Vol. 48

Journal of Xiamen U niversit y ( Nat ural Science)

7

,

,

:


361005)

,

( B aby loni a a reol at a Link)

(2. 95

,

( Fish meal : FM)

.
(Beer yeast :B Y)

6
(2. 06

0. 28) g ,

25

0. 10) cm

26

28

,

.

. Diet 1

:

,

Diet 5
( p < 0. 05) .

,
1

1

Diet

( p > 0. 05) .

Diet 2 ( FM1 + SBM1)

,Diet 1
( p > 0. 05) .

( Rapeseed meal : RM)

,

75 d

,

( p < 0. 05) .

28

,

Diet 1 ( FM) ( p < 0. 05) ,

( Feed conversion ratio)

Diet 5

( Soybean meal : SBM)
,

5 ( FM1 + SBM1 + RM1)

J ul. 2009

3

,

(

No . 4

,

1(

)

.

.

:

;

;

: S 966. 2

: 043820479 (2009) 0420600206

:A

[5 ]

Link)

,

,
[6]

,

,
[7 ]

,
.
60 %

Zho u
Zho u

[1]

.
.

,

,
,

,

,
.
,

,
,

.
,

,

,
.

.

,
,

,

,

,
,

.

.

1
,

[2 ]

[3]

1. 1

,
,
[4 ]

( B aby loni a a reol at a

,

15 d
,

.
,

.
:2009201212
(03 EFN213500133)

:

3

:chke @xmu. edu. cn

1. 2
50 cm

25 cm

,


4

:

0. 2 m2 .

6L,
25

601

28

,

26

,

28 , p H 7. 6

7 mg/ L .

,

,

,

,

,

[5]

.

7. 9 ;

2

.

1. 6
( %) =

.

/

100 ;

1. 3

( %) =
7

,

40

/

=

100 ;
/

=

(f m) /

);
( dm)

/(

,
(

,
2

,

14

) ,

,

15 d

20

60 d

( %) =

.

100 ;
( %) = (

,

)/

-

100 ;
[5 ]

.

3. 00 g

2. 20 cm

.

( %) = (

1. 80
)/

60 d

.

1

-

100 ;
( mg/ d ) =

.

/(

60 d) ;

1. 4

( m/ d) =

/(

60 d) .
,

.

1. 7

,
,
100

, 100 %

,

80

, 80 %

,

,

,

SPSS 11. 5

10 %
,

,

.

, - 20
4

.
[5 ]

,
,

Tukey

3 h

2

.

2. 1

,

.
;
,

17 : 00

75 d

,

.

1. 5

3 4
,

,

,

,

1

63

2

34

3

2,

3

:

Diet 5 ( FM 1 + SBM 1 + RM 1 )
a

1
Tab. 1

1

( %)

Ingredient s of t he experimental diet s for B aby loni a areol at a Link

7. 5

5

34

2. 5

5

28

42

0. 5

5

4

24

48

0

3. 5

5

23

23

1. 5

5

6

31

31

3. 5

5

: 2

a.
0. 5 %.

23
5
18 % ,

1 %,
,

1. 5 % ,

3 %,
.

0. 5 % ,


(

602

)

2009

2
Tab. 2

Analysis of nut rient s of experimental diet s fo r B aby loni a a reol at a Link

/

/
( % ,dm)

/
( % ,dm)

1

35. 94

10. 45

13. 43

7. 66

16. 35

21. 98

2

35. 93

11. 80

12. 52

8. 97

16. 66

21. 57

3

35. 00

11. 21

12. 43

9. 86

16. 25

21. 54

4

35. 39

8. 99

11. 75

10. 28

16. 46

21. 50

5

34. 92

10. 84

10. 84

9. 26

16. 89

19. 71

6

34. 41

10. 33

13. 08

9. 26

16. 55

20. 79

62. 32

8. 32

14. 14

78. 36

18. 29

34. 08

a

a.

/
( % ,f m)

/
kg - 1 )

/
( % , dm)

60

( MJ

.

(

3
Tab. 3

MJ - 1 )

(g

)

Relative mass gain and soft body mass gain of B aby loni a areol at a Link fed t he diet s co ntaining
vario us p rotein so urces ( average

/g

SD)

/g

/ %

/g

/g

/ %

1

59. 57

0. 26

67. 77

0. 66

13. 79

1. 6 a

23. 18

0. 10

26. 65

0. 15

14. 95

1. 17 b

2

57. 77

0. 06

67. 85

2. 06

17. 47

3. 6 ab

22. 48

0. 02

28. 28

1. 30

25. 79

5. 94 ab

3

58. 23

1. 70

69. 96

0. 23

20. 19

3. 1 ab

22. 66

0. 66

29. 51

0. 42

30. 26

1. 96 a

4

59. 90

1. 02

71. 99

2. 45

20. 17

2. 0 ab

23. 31

0. 40

30. 77

0. 40

31. 96

1. 69 a

5

58. 30

0. 71

73. 29

0. 52

25. 73

0. 6 b

22. 69

0. 28

31. 65

0. 38

39. 49

0. 03 a

6

58. 50

1. 65

70. 15

1. 78

19. 92

0. 3 ab

22. 77

0. 64

30. 78

0. 70

35. 22

0. 76 a

60. 19

0. 88

93. 49

2. 28

55. 37

6. 0 c

23. 43

0. 34

37. 63

1. 09

60. 69

6. 99 c

( p > 0. 05) .

:

( RW G)

( 25. 73 %) ,

Diet 1 ( FM )

2. 2

( 13. 79 %) ( p < 0. 05) ,
( p > 0. 05) ,

Diet 1
(

( RSL G)

3) .

,

4

Diet1 ( 4. 83 %)

( P ER)

,

( SU RV )

( 14. 47 %) ,

( 31. 63 %) ,
0. 48

Diet 5

,
1(

)
.

Diet 1

.

0. 91 ,

3

,
,

( p > 0. 05) .

Diet 5

Diet 5

Diet 2 ( p < 0. 05) ,

( p > 0. 05) .

,
,

1

( p > 0. 05 ) .

,
,

5

Diet 1 ( 17. 08 %) ( p < 0. 05 ) ,

( p < 0. 05 ) .
1 2

,

, Diet 5

( p < 0. 05 ) .
( 55. 37 %)

5

,

,Diet 5 ( 4. 16 %)

,

1

( FCR)

75 d

,Diet 5


4

:

603
(

4
Tab. 4

)

Relative shell lengt h gain of B aby loni a a reol at a Link fed t he diet s co ntaining various p rotein sources (average

1

2

3

4

5

SD)

6

(cm)

40. 86

0. 25

41. 39

0. 40

41. 20

0. 88

41. 28

0. 05

41. 18

0. 27

40. 83

0. 13

41. 48

0. 25

( cm)

42. 83

0. 63

43. 02

0. 25

42. 72

0. 69

42. 76

0. 08

42. 90

0. 68

41. 69

0. 20

47. 49

1. 10

0. 82 a

14. 47

1. 98c

( %)

0. 89 b

4. 83

3. 93

0. 39 a

0. 52 a

3. 72

0. 08 a

3. 57

4. 16

0. 95 b

2. 12

( p > 0. 05) .

:

(

5

)

Feed perfo rmance of t he diet s containing various p rotein sources (average

Tab. 5

SD)

/ %

/ %

a

0. 48

0. 05

a

100

0. 00a

1

17. 08

1. 75

2

21. 67

5. 35 ab

0. 60

0. 15 a

100

0. 00a

3

25. 13

4. 27 ab

0. 72

0. 12 ab

100

0. 00a

4

25. 56

3. 69 ab

0. 72

0. 10 ab

100

0. 00a

5

31. 63

0. 78 b

0. 91

0. 02 b

100

0. 00a

6

26. 42

1. 49 ab

0. 77

0. 04 ab

100

0. 00a

( p > 0. 05) .

:

2

3. 1

Diet 1

13. 43 %

) ,

,
.

Diet 1

,
,

13. 79 % ,

.

,

3. 2

( 4. 83 %) .

Diet 5 ,
,Diet 1

.

,
)

,
Ca

P

(

P

1. 67 %

[8 ]

4. 21 %

,

(
,

,


(

604

)

2009

( p < 0. 05 ) ,

,

[9 ]

,

(

)

.

.

:

,

[5 ]

[ 14 ]
, Viola
L ys Met
3%
[ 10 ]

.

,

( DCP)

,

,

,

.
,

DCP

,

,

.

.

,

,
(

,

,
)

.

62. 34 % ,

,
,

.

,
,

35 %

. Diet 6

5%

40 %[ 5 ] ,

,

.
,

.
,

3. 3

[ 15 ]

( GL S )
[ 16 ]

6

.

,

,

,

,

.

,
,

Diet 5 ( FM1 + SBM1

,
+ RM1 )

.

.

Diet 1

,
( FCR )

Diet 2 Diet 3

:

,

1

) ,Diet 3

( P ER )

. Myrna
,
( H al i notis asi ni na )

1 1

1. 5

2(

1

Diet 2

60. 00 %

3

( 20. 19 %) ,

( Diet

66. 67 %

4) ,
50 %

Diet 4

Diet 4

( 17. 47 %) ,Diet 3

.
[ 11 ]

. Sitja

,

,

,

[ 12 ]

:

( 20. 17 %) ,

75 %

.

,

.

,
,

,

,
.

,

,

,
.
.
.

,Diet 5

,

,

,

,

,

Diet 1 ,

.
,Diet 5

,
[ 13 ]

1

.

1

1(

)

,

,

( Met ,L ys , Cys ) ,
Diet 1 ,

,
[8 ]

,

,
.

,
1

,
,

,

,

1
.

1(

,

Diet 5
)


4

:

605
[ 10 ]

:
[1]

[ 11 ]

shrimp nut ritio n[ M ] . Marine Shrimp Cult ure : Principles
[J ].

t ure ,2003 ,219 :645 - 653.

.

[ 12 ]

[J ] .

,

,

,

on non2specific defence mechanisms and o xidative st ress

.

,

,

,

in gilt head sea bream ( S p arus aurat a ) [J ] . Aquacult ure ,

,1997 ( 5) :5 - 7.

[J ] .
[5]

2005 ,249 :387 - 400.

.

[J ].

:

[ 13 ]

, 2006 , 45

Zho u J B , Zho u Q C ,Chi S Y ,et al. Optimal dietary p ro2

179 :149 - 168.

tein requirement for juvenile ivo ry shell B aby loni a a reo2
[7 ]

El2Sayed A M. Alternative dietary p rotein so urces for
farmed tilapia , O reochromis spp . [J ] . Aquacult ure ,1999 ,

( Sup . ) :216 - 220.
[6]

Sitja Bobadilla A , Pena Lopis S , Go mez Requeni P ,et al.
Effect of fish meal replacement by plant p rotern sources

,1963 ,29 (3) :242 - 244.
[4 ]

Myrna N B ,Armando C F ,Armando C F ,et al. Diet de2
asi ni na : animal and plant p rotein so urces [J ] . Aquacul2

,

1965 ,31 ( 2) :133 - 137.
[3]

[ 14 ]

Viola S ,Zo har G ,Arieli Y. Pho sp horus requirement s and

l at a [J ] . Aquacult ure ,2007 ,270 :186 - 192.

it s availability f rom different sources for intensive po nd

Zho u Q C ,Zho u J B ,Chi S Y ,et al. Effect of dietary lipid

cult ure species in Israel : Part 1. Tilapia [ J ] . Bamidgeh ,

level on growt h perfo rmance ,feed utilization and diges2

1986 ,38 ( 1) :3 - 12.
[ 15 ]

tive enzyme of juvenile ivo ry shell , B aby loni a a reol ate

.

[8 ]

.

[ 16 ]

[ D ].

:

,

,

:

Yildirim M ,Lim C , Wan P J ,et al. Growt h performance
and immune response of channel catfish ( Ict al u rus p uc2

,2006.
,

[ D ].
,2005.

[J ] . Aquacult ure ,2007 ,272 :535 - 540.

[9]

[J ] .

velop ment and evaluation for juvenile abalone , H aliotis

and Practices ,1992 :535 - 568.
.

.
,1998 ,5 (1) :93 - 96.

Akiyama D M , Dominy W G , Lawrence A L . Penaeid

[2]

,

t at us ) fed diet s co ntaining graded levels of go ssypol2ace2

.
[J ] .

tic acid[J ]. Aquacult ure ,2003 ,219 :751 - 768.

,2006 ,25

( 12) :601 - 607.

Effects of the Different Protein Sources in Practical Diets
on Ivory Shell , B a bylonia a reol at a Link
WU J ian2guo , HU AN G Zhao2bin , WAN G Bo , KE Cai2huan 3
(Depart ment of Marine Technology and Ocean Engineering ,College of Oceanograp hy and Enviro nmental Science ,
Xiamen U niversity ,Xiamen 361005 ,China)

Abstract : The gast ropod B aby loni a areol at a Link is one of t he important commercial marine animals in t he sout heast coast s of Chi2
na ,and much attention has been received in aquacult ure in recent years. A 752day growt h st udy was conducted using B aby loni a a reo2
l at a wit h mean initial mass and shell lengt h of (2. 95

0. 28) g and (2. 06

0. 10) cm , respectively ,to evaluate t he efficacy of six

p ractical diet s containing vario us p rotein so urces such as fish meal ( FM) ,soybean meal ( SBM) ,rapeseed meal ( RM) ,beer yeast (B Y)
in different co mbinatio ns ,at a temperat ure range of 25

28

and t he salinity range of 26

p rotein sources co ming f rom a combination of FM , SBM and RM ( 1

1

28. The result showed t hat Diet 5 feeding

1 ) ( by mass ) p roduced t he highest relative mass gain

( RM G) in test diet s ,and significantly greater t han Diet 1 ( p < 0. 05 ) ,however ,not significantly different ( p < 0. 05 ) f rom ot her di2
et s. Feed conversion ratio ( FCR) showed t he same t rend as relative mass gain. Diet 1 and Diet 5 gave a significantly better perform2
ance t han t he ot her four diet s in relative shell lengt h gain ( RSL G) ( p < 0. 05) . Diet 1 and Diet 2 wit h p rotein resources coming f rom
FM and FM ,SBM ( 1

1) ( by mass) ,respectively ,had significantly inferior values of p rotein efficiency rate ( p < 0. 05 ) co mpared to

t he ot her diet s. The survival rate was not significantly different ( p < 0. 05) amo ng all t reat ment s. This st udy indicated t hat a combina2
tio n of alternative dietery p rotein sources wit h p roper ratio was necessary to attain t he best growt h performance and p rofit ,f urt her2
more ,based on t he analysis of t he data of t his st udy ,we could determine t he optimal p rotein sources for B aby loni a areol at a Link was
Diet 5 which used t he combination of FM ,SBM and RM (1

1

1) (by mass) . This st udy is significant to co nduct f urt her st udy for

t he eco no mical and efficent p ratical diet fo rmulation of B aby loni a areol at a Link.

Key words :B aby loni a a reol at a Link ;p rotein so urces ;growt h rate



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