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BÀI GIẢNG TIẾNG ANH CỰC HAY GIÁO TRÌNH LIFELINES Preint

WELCOME TO CLASS


Put the verbs in brackets into the passive
1. The trees ..…………………(cut
are cut down
down)
2. They……………….(take)
are taken
to the paper mill.
3. The bark…………………(remove).
is removed
4. The wood…………..……(break)
is broken
into small chips.
5. The chips……………….(mix)
are mixed
with water.
6. The mixture……………(make)
is made
into a pulp.

7. The paper……………(dry)
is dried
by hot rollers.
8. The rolls of paper……………(send)
are sent
to factories,
newspaper offices, etc.


UNIT 13: TIME


MAP OF UNIT
13
Grammar: The past perfect tense
I
II

Vocabulary: Time expressions

III

Reading: Body clock

IV

Listening and speaking:
Arranging a time


I. GRAMMAR
1. Grammar in use
The past perfect tense
a. The pictures
1. Are they a couple?
2. What is the connection between
the photographs?

b. The text


The forgotten years
It was 1973 and Sarah Simms
was a happy 19-year-old. She
had a nice job in a film
laboratory, and in the evening
she went out with her boyfriend.
She loved dancing, especially to
her favourite pop group, T. Red.
Then she woke up in a hospital
bed. A man was talking to her.
He said that he was her
husband, she didn’t recognize
him. In fact, she didn’t like him
very much. She thought he
looked very old. Some other
visitors were standing around
her bed, too. She didn’t
recognize any of them except
her sister, Sally, and even she
looked twenty years old. But
that’s because Sally was twenty
years older, and so was Sarah.
Two days earlier Sarah had
been in a car crash. The
accident had erased twenty
years of her memory.

It was now 1993, but for Sarah it
was 1973 and she was still a
teenager. She‘d forgotten the
twenty years in between.
In those twenty years Sarah had
got married. (in 1973 she hadn’t
met her husband.) And she‘d had
two children – Alexander, 11, and
Linda, 9. The world had also
changed dramatically . What for
example, was a word processor, a
microwave or a compact disc?
Those things had not been
invented in 1973. Had Britain really
had a woman prime minister? And
where had all her favourite pop
stars gone.

Doctors say that Sarah’s amnesia is
rare, they hope that her memory will
slowly return. Her husband Michael
hopes so, too. ‘Life has been
difficult since the accident’ he says.
‘ Things have changed a lot’. It’s
hard when a wife and mother thinks
she’s still a teenager.’


Read the text carefully and answer
the questions
1.Where did Sarah work in 1973?
2. What had happened to her?
3. What had the accident caused for her?
4. What do the doctors talk about her amnesia?


The forgotten years

[lə'bɔrətəri]
Phòng
nghiệm
1973
and thí
Sarah
Simms

It was
was a happy 19-year-old. She
had a nice job in a film
laboratory, and in the evening
she went out with her boyfriend.
She loved dancing, especially to
her favourite pop group, T. Red.

['ti:neidʤə]
Thanh thiếu niên
now 1993, but for Sarah

Doctors say that Sarah’s amnesia is
rare, they hope that her memory will
slowly return. Her husband Michael
hopes so, too. ‘Life has been
difficult since the accident’ he says.
In those twenty years Sarah had
‘ Things have changed a lot’. It’s
[drə'mætikəli
got married. (in 1973 she hadn’t
hard when a wife and mother thinks
]
met her husband.) And she‘d had [prəusesə]
she’s still a teenager.’
Then she woke up
in
a
hospital
11, and
['maikrəweiv]two children – Alexander,Đột
ngột Bộ xử lý
bed. A man was talking to her.
Linda, 9. The world had also
vi sóng
He said that he Lò
was
her
changed dramatically . What for
husband, she didn’t recognize
example, was a word processor, a
him. In fact, she didn’t like him
microwave or a compact disc?
very much. She thought he
Those things had not been
looked very old. Some other
invented in 1973. Had Britain really
visitors were standing around
had a woman prime minister? And
her bed, too. She didn’t
where had all her favourite pop
recognize any of them except
stars gone.
her sister, Sally, and even she
looked twenty years old. [kræʃ]
But
that’s because Sally was twenty
Vụ tai nạn
years older, and so was Sarah.

[i'reiz]
Two
Xóadays
bỏ

It was
it
was 1973 and she was still a
teenager. She‘d forgotten the
twenty years in between.

[æm'ni:zjə]
Chứng quên

earlier Sarah had['meməri]
been in a car crash. The Trí nhớ
accident had erased twenty
years of her memory.


Laboratory (n) [lə'bɔrətəri]:
Phòng thí nghiệm
 Crash (n) [kræʃ]:
Vụ tai nạn
 Erase (v) [i'reiz]:
Xóa đi
 Memory (n) ['meməri]:
Trí nhớ
 Teenager (n) ['ti:neidʤə]:
Thanh thiếu niên
 Dramatically (adv) [drə'mætikəli]: Đột ngột
 Processor (n) [prəusesə]:
Bộ xử lý
 Microwave (n) ['maikrəweiv]:
Lò vi sóng
 Amnesia (n) [æm'ni:zjə]:
Chứng quên



The forgotten years
It was 1973 and Sarah Simms
was a happy 19-year-old. She
had a nice job in a film
laboratory, and in the evening
she went out with her boyfriend.
She loved dancing, especially to
her favourite pop group, T. Red.
Then she woke up in a hospital
bed. A man was talking to her.
He said that he was her
husband, she didn’t recognize
him. In fact, she didn’t like him
very much. She thought he
looked very old. Some other
visitors were standing around
her bed, too. She didn’t
recognize any of them except
her sister, Sally, and even she
looked twenty years old. But
that’s because Sally was twenty
years older, and so was Sarah.
Two days earlier Sarah had
been in a car crash. The
accident had erased twenty
years of her memory.

It was now 1993, but for Sarah it
was 1973 and she was still a
teenager. She‘d forgotten the
twenty years in between.
In those twenty years Sarah had
got married. (in 1973 she hadn’t
met her husband.) And she‘d had
two children – Alexander, 11, and
Linda, 9. The world had also
changed dramatically . What for
example, was a word processor, a
microwave or a compact disc?
Those things had not been
invented in 1973. Had Britain really
had a woman prime minister? And
where had all her favourite pop
stars gone.

Doctors say that Sarah’s amnesia is
rare, they hope that her memory will
slowly return. Her husband Michael
hopes so, too. ‘Life has been
difficult since the accident’ he says.
‘ Things have changed a lot’. It’s
hard when a wife and mother thinks
she’s still a teenager.’


Read the text carefully and answer
the questions
1.Where did Sarah work in 1973?
She worked in a film laboratory.

2. What had happened to her?
She had been in a car crash.

3. What had the accident caused for her?
The accident had erased 20 years of her memory.

4. What do the doctors talk about her amnesia?
The doctors say that her amnesia is rare, but they
hope that her memory will slowly return.


2. Rules
a. Forms
- Positive
Complete these sentences from the text
had erased
1. The accident….…………..twenty
years of her
memory.
2. She…………….....the
twenty years in between.
had forgotten

S + had + V

(Past participle)

+ (O)…


Practice 1
Complete the sentences with given words
1. She/ meet/ her/ husband/ before/ 1973.
She had met her husband before 1973.
2. She/ lose/ twenty/ years/ of/ her/ memory.
She had lost twenty years of her memory.
3. TV/ programmes/ become/more/ violent
TV programmes had become more violent
4. She/work/a film/laboratory/before/the/accident.
She had worked in a film laboratory before
the accident.


- Negative
Complete these sentences from the text
hadn’t met
1. In 1973 she...……………her
husband.
hadn’t invented microwave
2. People……………………a
before 1973.

S + hadn’t + V

(Past participle)

+ (O)…


Practice 2
Change the sentences into negative
1. She had met her husband before 1973.
She hadn’t met her husband before 1973.
2. She had lost twenty years of her memory.
She hadn’t lost twenty years of her memory.
3. TV programmes had become more violent
TV programmes hadn’t become more violent
4. She had worked in a film laboratory before the accident.
She hadn’t worked in a film laboratory before the
accident.


Practice 3

Say whether these things had or hadn’t happened to
Sarah in 1973.
1. start work

6. be abroad

2. see the Beatles

7. have a favorite
pop group

3. use a personal
computer

8. hair turn grey

4. finish school.

9. have a boyfriend.

5. hear of Margaret
Thatcher

10. leave home


- Yes/No questions

Had + S + V

(Past participle)

+ (O)…?

Yes, S+ had
No, S+ hadn’t
Eg: Had they seen her before?
Yes, they had
No, they hadn’t


- “W-H”
questions
“W-H”
questions

+

had +S
+

V(

Past participle

Eg: What had you done before you came
here?
Before going to school where had you
been?

)…?


 When do we use the past perfect
tense?
Eg: Sarah didn’t recognize her husband,
because she had lost her memory.

 Complete the rule with before and
after
The past perfect tense describes events
that happened……………………
an event in
befor
e
the past tense


 Use
 to describe an event that occurs before
another event or time in the past
Eg: She got good marks because she had
studied hard.

-> Compare these 2
sentences:
a/ When I arrived, she left
= First I arrived, then she
left
b/ When I arrived, she had left
= She left before I arrived
She
left

I arrived

now


Practice 4

Complete these sentences. Put the verbs in brackets in
the past tense or the past perfect tense.
didn’t
1. Sarah ………………………………….(not
recognize)
recognize
hadn’t
her husband,
because
in 1973 she
met
………………………. (not
meet) him.
didn’t
2. Her hair had
…………………….(turn) grey and
turned
like
she……………………….
didn’t
3.
She
………………………(not
know) how to use a
(not
like)
that.
know
hadn’t been
microwave
oven, because
they
invented
…………………………………….(not
be invented) in
1973.
4. She ………………(cry)
when she found out that
cried
her father……………………(die)
had
died


Practice 4
Complete these sentences. Put the verbs in brackets
in the past tense or the past perfect tense.
5. Clothes ………………….(look)
looke
very strange,
d
because fashions
……………………………….
had
(change) changed
a lot.
6. She didn’t
………………………(not know) that the Cold
know
had
War……………………….(end).
ended

7. TV programmes ……………………………(become)
had
become
more violent, so
she
…………………………(not
didn’t
want) to watchwant
them.
8. She …………….(feel)
sad, because the singer
felt
of T. Rex
killed) in a
had………………………………..(be
been
killed
car crash.



Discuss these questions.

1. How has the world changed since 1973?
2. What problems do you think Sarah’s
amnesia caused for Sarah and her family?
[æm'ni:zjə]
Chứng quên


Practice 5
Translate the text into vietnamese


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