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Khóa học Luyện thi THPT quốc gia PEN - I: Môn Tiếng Anh (Cô Hương Fiona )

ĐỀ SỐ 1
Gíao viên: Nguyễn Thanh Hương

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three
in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 1. A. struggle

B. certain

C. action

D. police

Question 2. A. considerate

B. continental

C. territorial


D. economic

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs
from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 3. A. easy

B. creature

C. create

D. increase

Question 4. A. photographs

B. ploughs

C. gas

D. laughs

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs
correction in each of the following questions.
Question 5. All the judges paid the dancer compliments on their excellent performance in the
A. All

B. paid

C. their

D. in

competition.
Question 6. Overpopulation is a short way to lead to poor, illiteracy and social evils.
A. Overpopulation

B. short way

C. poor

D. illiteracy

Question 7. To save energy, all the lights should be turned off before going out.
A. To save

B. should

C. turned off

D. going out

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
Question 8. My grandfather _______ for this company for over thirty years and then retired.
A. worked

B. works

C. is working

D. has worked

Question 9. More and more investors are pouring ______money into food and beverage start-ups.
A. an

B. the

C. a

D. Ø

Question 10. Paul has just sold his _______ car and intends to buy a new one.
A. black old Japanese

B. Japanese old black

C. old black Japanese

D. old Japanese black

Question 11. When asked about their preference for movies, many young people say that they are in favor
________ science fiction.
A. for

B. of

C. in

D. with

Question 12. The larger the area of forest is destroyed, _________
A. the most frequent natural disasters are

B. the most frequently natural disasters occur

C. the more frequent are natural disasters

D. the more frequently natural disasters occur

Question 13. The rumors go that Jack will be arrested. He is said _______ a bloody robbery.
A. to have taken part in

B. to have joined in

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D. to take part in
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Khóa học Luyện thi THPT quốc gia PEN - I: Môn Tiếng Anh (Cô Hương Fiona )

Question 14. Each nation has many people who ______ take care of others.
A. volunteers

B. volunteer

C. voluntary

D. voluntarily

Question 15. Mr. Brown has kindly agreed to spare us some of his ______time to answer our questions.
A. valuable

B. worthy

C. costly

D. beneficial

Question 16. It’s hard to __________on less than a million a month.
A. make a mess

B. make up your mind

C. make ends meet

D. make a fuss

Question 17. Mr. Dawson was given the award in _______ of his services to the hospital.
A. spite

B. charge

C. recognition

D. sight

Question 18. When the manager of our company retires, the deputy manager will ______that position.
A. stand for

B. take over

C. catch on

D. hold on

Question 19. I think I should have _______ your mother while I was passing.
A. dropped in on

B. come up with

C. got on with

D. run into

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete
each of the following exchanges.
Question 20. Liz is telling Andrew about her first novel.
Liz. "Guess what? My first novel has just been published.
" Andrew. "____________"
A. It's my pleasure.

B. Congratulations!

C. Better luck next time!

D. It's very kind of you.

Question 21. Mrs. Smith and her students are visiting the zoo.
Mike. "Can I feed the gorilla, Mrs. Smith?"
Mrs. Smith. "______”.The sign says 'No feeding the animals'."
A. Of course you can

B. I don't think it works

C. I'm sure about that

D. I'm afraid not

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in
meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 22. The place has rapidly evolved from a small fishing community into a thriving tourist resort.
A. developed

B. generated

C. created

D. increased

Question 23. I'm sure he will be home and dry in the interview because he has good qualifications and wide
experience.
A. be unsuccessful

B. be satisfied

C. be successful

D. be unsatisfied

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in
meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 24. Don't tell Jane anything about the surprise party for Jack. She has got a big mouth.
A. can't eat a lot

B. hates parties

C. talks too much

D. can keep secrets

Question 25. He usually stays in peace in stressful situations but this time he really lost his head.
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Khóa học Luyện thi THPT quốc gia PEN - I: Môn Tiếng Anh (Cô Hương Fiona )

A. kept calm

B. excited

C. lost his temper

D. lost touch

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning
to each of the following questions.
Question 26. “It was your fault. You broke my windows,” said the woman to him.
A. The woman insisted him on breaking her windows.
B. The woman advised him to break her windows.
C. The woman told him to break her windows.
D. The woman blamed him for having broken her windows.
Question 27. After I had written my composition, I handed it to my teacher .
A. Writing the composition, I handed it to my teacher.
B. Having written my composition, I handed it to my teacher.
C. Handing the composition, I had written my composition
D. Handed the composition to my teacher, I wrote it.
Question 28. They were late for the meeting because of the heavy snow.
A. If it snowed heavily, they would be late for the meeting.
B. Had it not snowed heavily, they would have been late for the meeting.
C. But for the heavy snow, they wouldn't have been late for the meeting.
D. If it didn't snow heavily, they wouldn't be late for the meeting.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each
pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 29. The government have established some wildlife reserves. They want to protect endangered species.
A. Whether the government have established some wildlife reserves or not, endangered species are still
protected.
B. Endangered species can't be protected although the government have established some wildlife reserves.
C. The government have established some wildlife reserves so that endangered species can be protected.
D. If the government established some wildlife reserves, they would be able to protect endangered species.
Question 30. He was suspected of stealing credit cards. The police have investigated him for days.
A. He has been investigated for days, suspected to have stolen credit cards.
B. Suspecting to have stolen credit cards, he has been investigated for days.
C. Having suspected of stealing credit cards, he has been investigated for days.
D. Suspected of stealing credit cards, he has been investigated for days.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 35.
All relationships go through difficult times. In the past, when married couples had problems they usually didn’t (31)
_________. They had to either (32) _________ with each other or continue to live together in an unhappy
relationship. Getting divorced wasn’t an option for most people due to economic and social reasons. Some people
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Khóa học Luyện thi THPT quốc gia PEN - I: Môn Tiếng Anh (Cô Hương Fiona )

believe that this wasn’t such a bad thing. They say that relationships require hard work and (33) _________. “If a
relationship is going to last a lifetime, you have to keep working at it,” says Doreen, who is celebrating her fiftieth
wedding anniversary this year. “It isn’t all roses and romance. No one perfect all of the time. These days young
people give up when there’s the (34) _________ argument.” Experts agree that communication is key. The most
important thing is to keep talking. How many times have you heard yourself say to somebody, “If only you’d listen!”
or “I wish you wouldn’t do that!” The truth is, the (35) ______ couples talk, the better their relationship can be.
Question 31.

A. grow up

B. split up

C. chat up

D. make up

Question 32.

A. get on

B. go out

C. get back

D. fall out

Question 33.

A. agreement

B. argument

C. achievement

D. commitment

Question 34.

A. smallest

B. slightest

C. most violent

D. most controversial

Question 35.

A. more

B. fewer

C. less

D. least

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the questions
Ambient divers are, unlike divers who go underwater in submersible vehicles of pressure resistant suits, exposed to
the pressure and temperature of the surrounding ambient water. Of all types of diving, the oldest and simplest is
free diving. Free divers may use no equipment at all, but most use a face mask, foot fins, and a snorkel. Under the
surface, free divers must hold their breath. Most free divers can only descend 30 to 40 feet, but some skilled divers
can go as deep as 100 feet.
Scuba diving provides greater range than free diving. The word scuba stands for self-contained underwater
breathing apparatus. Scuba divers wear metal tanks with compressed air or other breathing gases. When using
open-circuit equipment, a scuba diver simply breathes air form the tank through a hose and releases the exhaled air
into the water. A closed-circuit breathing device, also called a rebreather, filters out carbon dioxide and other
harmful gases and automatically adds oxygen. This enables the diver to breathe the same air over and over. In
surface-supplied diving, divers wear helmets and waterproof canvas suits. Today, sophiticated plastic helmets have
replaced the heavy copper helmets used in the past.These divers get their air from a hose connected to
compressors on a boat. Surface-supplied divers can go deeper than any other type of ambient diver.
Question 36. Ambient divers are ones who_____
A. can descend to extreme depths

B. use submersible vehicles

C. use no equipment

D. are exposed to the surrounding water

Question 37. According to the passage, a free diver may use any of the following EXCEPT______
A. a rebreather

B. a snorkel

C. foot fins

D. a mask

Question 38. According to the passage, the maximum depth for free divers is around ______
A. 40 feet

B. 100 feet

C. 200 feet

D. 1,000 feet

Question 39. When using closed-circuit devices, divers_______
A. exhale air into the water

B. hold their breath

C. breathe the same air over and over

D. receive air from the surface

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Khóa học Luyện thi THPT quốc gia PEN - I: Môn Tiếng Anh (Cô Hương Fiona )

Question 40. What does the word “descend” in the paragraph probably mean?
A. move to a lower level

B. climb to a higher place

C. swim on the river bed

D. go up and down slowly

Question 41. The word “This” in bold in paragraph 2 refers to_________.
A. filtering out carbon dioxide

B. adding oxygen

C. exhaling air into the water

D. filtering out harmful gases and adding oxygen.

Question 42. What are the helmets that surface-supplied divers use today made from, according to the passage?
A. glass

B. copper

C. plastic

D. canvas

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the questions from 43 to 50
There are a number of natural disasters that can strike across the globe. Two that are frequently linked to one another
are earthquakes and tsunamis. Both of them can cause a great amount of devastation when they hit. However,
tsunamis are the direct result of earthquakes and cannot happen without them.
The Earth has three main parts. They are the crust, the mantle, and the core. The crust is the outer layer of the Earth.

It is not a single piece of land. Instead, it is comprised of a number of plates. There are a few enormous plates and
many smaller ones. These plates essentially rest upon the mantle, which is fluid. As a result, the plates are in constant
– yet slow – motion. The plates may move away from or toward other plates. In some cases, they collide violently
with the plates adjoining them. The movement of the plates causes tension in the rock. Over a long time, this tension
may build up. When it is released, an earthquake happens.Tens of thousands of earthquakes happen every year. The
vast majority are so small that only scientific instruments can perceive them. Others are powerful enough that people
can feel them, yet they cause little harm or damage. More powerful earthquakes, however, can cause buildings,
bridges, and other structures to collapse. They may additionally injure and skill thousands of people and might even
cause the land to change it appearance.
Since most of the Earth’s surface is water, numerous earthquakes happen beneath the planet’s oceans. Underwater
earthquakes cause the seafloor to move. This results in the displacement of water in the ocean. When this occurs, a
tsunami may form. This is a wave that forms on the surface and moves in all directions from the place where the
earthquake happened. A tsunami moves extremely quickly and can travel thousnads of kilometres. As it approaches
land, the water near the coast gets sucked out to sea. This causes the tsunamis to increase in height. Minutes later,
the tsunami arrives. A large tsunami – one more than ten meters in height – can travel far inland. As it does that, it
can flood the land, destroy human settlements, and kill large numbers of people.
Question 43. Which of the following statements does paragraph 1 support?
A. A tsunami happens in tandem with an earthquake.
B. The most severe type of natural disaster is an earthquake.
C. Earthquakes cause more destruction than tsunamis.
D. Earthquakes frequently take place after tsunamis do.
Question 44. The word “it” in bold in paragraph 2 refers to_________.
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Khóa học Luyện thi THPT quốc gia PEN - I: Môn Tiếng Anh (Cô Hương Fiona )

A. The core

B. The crust

C. The Earth

D. The mantle

Question 45. What is the passage mainly about?
A. When earthquakes are the most likely to happen.
B. What kind of damage natural disasters can cause.
C. How earthquakes and tsunamis occur.
D. Why tsunamis are deadlier than earthquakes.
Question 46. The word “adjoining” in bold in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to________.
A. residing

B. approaching

C. bordering

D. appearing

Question 47. The word “perceive” in bold in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to________.
A. detect

B. prevent

C. comprehend

D. locate

Question 48. Which of the following is true regarding the crust?
A. It is the smallest of the Earth’s three layers

B. It is thicker on land than it is under the water.

C. There many separate pieces that make it up

D. The mantle beneath it keeps it from moving too

much.
Question 49. Based on the passage, what is probably true about tsunamis?
A. They kill more people each year than earthquakes.
B. They are able to move as fast as the speed of sound.
C. They cannot damage ships sailing on the ocean.
D. They can be deadly to people standing near shore.
Question 50. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in paragraph 3 about earthquakes?
A. How severe the majority of them are

B. What kind of damage they can cause

C. How often powerful ones take place

D. How many people they typically kill

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