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de cuong on tap hk2 tieng anh 10 nam 2018 2019 truong yen hoa ha noi

Yen Hoa High School
2018 - 2019
REVISION FOR THE SECOND TERM TEST – GRADE 10
(FROM UNIT 6 TO UNIT 10)
A. CONTENT
I. Pronunciation
 Pronunciation of vocabulary in unit 6, 7, 8, and 10
 Stress in two-syllable words
 Stress in two-syllable words with derivatives
 Stress in three-syllable adjectives and verbs
II. Vocabulary
 Unit 6: Gender equality
 Unit 7: Cultural diversity
 Unit 8: New ways to learn
 Unit 9: Preserving the environment
 Unit 10: Ecotourism
III. Grammar

Passive voice

Comparative and superlative


Articles: A/an/the

Relative clauses

Reported Speech

Conditional sentences type 1 & 2

Special structures learned in unit 6,7, 8, 9 and 10
IV. Reading
V. Rewriting
VI. Giving the correct form of the given words
B. PRACTICE

PRACTICE TEST 1
Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.
1. A. involvement B. employment C. social
D. important
2. A. position
B. family
C. century
D. politics
3. A. geography B. discriminate
C. individual
D. significant
4. A. ability
B. equality
C. technology
D. naturally
5. A. status
B. argue
C. basis
D. against
Choose A, B, C or D that best completes each unfinished sentence
6. A child receives his early.................. from their parents.
A. educate
B. education
C. educator
D. educative
7. Birth control methods have..................women from the endless cycle of childbearing


and rearing.
A. free
B. freely
C. freedom
D. freed
8. Thanks to the women's liberation, women can take part in............... activities.
A. social
B. society
C. socially
D. socialize
9. In some most Asian countries women are undervalued and they never have the
same
..................as men.
A. formality
B. basis
C. limit
D. status
10. It is against the law to..................on the basis of gender, age or race.
A. suit
B. discriminate C. believe
D. gain
11. Women's status..................in different countries and it depends on the cultural
beliefs.
A. varies
B. employs
C. fixes
D. establishes
12. Women's contribution to our society has been .................. better these days.
A. differently B. naturally
C. intellectually
D. significantly
13. Many of young people between the ages of 16 and 18 who are neither in education
nor ............ are in danger of wasting their lives.
A. power
B. ability
C. nature
D. employment
14. When they are at..................work, employed men work about an hour more than
employed women.
A. a

B. an

C. the

D. 

The women's movement has brought light to..................areas in which women do
not have equality with men.
15.

A. a

B. an

C. the

D. 

My husband spends far more time helping our three kids ..................homework and
studying for tests than I do.
A. on
B. to
C. with
D. in
17. My husband and I take turns cleaning ..................the kitchen depending..............
who gets home from work earlier.
A. away / to
B. from / in
C. up / on
D. with / for
18. The women's movement has affirmed women's rights to non-discrimination...............
education, employment and economic and social activities.
A. in
B. of
C. from
D. about
19. In former days, women were considered not to be suitable for becoming
a.....................
A. politics
B. political
C. politically
D. politician
20. At any competition, everyone is.......................
A. the same B. equal
C. common
D. significant
Error Identification.
21. Several years ago it was even difficult to imagine people talking in women's
A
B
C
16.


rights and the situations they faced in traditional society.
D
22. In traditional society, women played only the role of wives and housewife and
A
B
C
did not get exposed to the outside world.
D
23. Women's movements ensure the full education, develop and advancement of
women.
A
B
C
D
24. Women's movements work for the purpose of guaranteeing women the enjoyment
A
B
C
of human rights and fundamental freedoms on a basis of equal with men.
D
25. Education to raise awareness of gender equality should receive more than
A
B
C
consideration so that men are encouraged to share their wives' burdens.
D
Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.
Today, more and more women are actively participating in social activities both in
urban and rural areas. Specifically, they have shined brightly in even many fields
commonly regarded as the man's areas such as business, scientific research and social
management. In some areas, women even show more overwhelming power than men.
The image of contemporary Vietnamese women with creativeness, dynamism, success
has become popular in Vietnam's society. The fact reveals that the gender gap has
been remarkably narrowed and women enjoy many more opportunities to pursue their
social careers and obtain success, contributing to national socio-economic
development. According to Ms Le Thi Quy, Director of the Gender and Development
Research Centre under the University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Hanoi
National University, gender equity in Vietnam has reached a high level over the past
decade. The rate of Vietnamese women becoming National Assembly members from
the 9th term to the 11th term increased 8.7%, bringing the proportion of Vietnamese
women in authority to 27.3%, the highest rate in Southeast Asia. There is no big gap in
the level of literacy and schooling between men and women. Women account for about
37% of university and college graduates, 19.9% of doctoral degree holders and 6.7% of
professors and associate professors.
The legitimate rights of women and children are ensured more than ever before with
more complete legal documents including laws, conventions and national action plans,
among which the laws on "gender equity" mark a turning-point in the empowerment of
women.
Mass media also highlights the continued success of women, in every field and
honors their great importance in modern society, helping to do away with outdated


perceptions about traditional women's duties. Many projects on reproductive health
care, children protection, and family income improvement jointly conducted by various
mass organizations, state agencies and non-governmental organizations have created
favorable conditions for women to become involved.
26. The text is about ..................
A. the changes in the status of Vietnamese women
B. the Vietnamese women's liberation
C. the Vietnamese sex discrimination
D. the discrimination that Vietnamese women have to face
27. Which adjective is not used to describe Vietnamese women?
A. successful B. creative
C. narrow
D. dynamic
28. According to the data in the text,..................
A. Vietnamese women do not take part in authority
B. the level of literacy and schooling between men and women in Vietnam is the
same
C. there are more women in authority in Vietnam than those in any other countries
in Southeast Asia
D. there are no female professors in Vietnam
29. Vietnamese women..................
A. have few opportunities to develop their intellectual ability
B. have only shined brightly in doing housework
C. cannot do any scientific research
D. are ensured their rights with laws, conventions and national action plans
30. Which is not mentioned in the text as a project to create condition for Vietnamese
women?
A. Traditional women's duties B. Reproductive health care
C. Children protection
D. Family income improvement
Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.
(31).............
history, women have always aimed for a recognized place in
(32).................. Guided by their own (33)............. of knowledge and expertise, women
like Marie Curie in science, Mary Wollstonecraft in literary writing, Simone de Beauvois
in philosophical existentialist debate, and Marie Stopes in medicine, to name a few,
have brought about (34)............. awareness of the role of women in any walks of life.
These women have helped redefine and (35)............. the nature of women’s place in
society. Today the (36)............. of global women's organizations and impact of
women's contributions (37)............. society show that progress has made and the
progress in furthering the role of women in society has been some benefit to the
(38)............. woman. It is true to say that not all women have the same need. The need
of the woman who stays at home and (39).............children will differ widely from the
woman who works outside. Nonetheless, in the extensive field of equal opportunities, it


would be good to know that access is given to both with equal measure according to
the true value of respective abilities. It also would be good to know that the woman at
home is recognized as a valued (40).................. of society just as much as the one who
deals on business outside the home.
31. A. Among
B. Throughout C. During
D. Upon
32. A. society
B. social
C. socialize
D. socialist
33. A. region
B. farm
C. field
D. path
34. A. a
B. an
C. the
D. no article
35. A. gain
B. encourage
C. force
D. consolidate
36. A. right
B. belief
C. limit
D. spread
37. A. on
B. for
C. to
D. at
38. A. own
B. private
C. individual
D. personal
39. A. rises
B. raises
C. increases
D. lift
40. A. party
B. competitor
C. partner
D. member

PRACTICE TEST 2
Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.
1. A. partnership
B. romantic
C. actually
D. attitude
2. A. believe
B. marriage
C. response
D. maintain
3. A. summary
B. different
C. physical
D. decision
4.A. attractiveness B. traditional
C. generation
D. American
5. A. certain
B. couple
C. decide
D. equal
Choose A, B, C or D that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes
the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one.
6. London is home to people of many..................... cultures:
A. diverse
B. diversity
C. diversify
D. diversification
7. John cannot make a............... to get married to Mary or stay single until he can
afford a house and a car.
A. decide
B. decision
C. decisive
D. decisively
8. My mother used to be a woman of great.........., but now she gets old and looks pale.
A. beauty
B. beautiful
C. beautifully
D. beautify
9. My father phoned me to say that he would come..................home late.
A. a

B. an

C. the

D. 

At last they divorced after ten years of.............marriage.
A. a
B. an
C. the
D. Ø
11. It is not easy to .............. our beauty when we get older and older.
A. develop
B. maintain
C. gain
D. collect
12. All parents are .................to at least try to behave in ways that will give their own
children an important protection.
A. decided
B. supposed
C. followed
D. rejected
10.


13. It is thought that traditional marriage..................... are important basis of limiting
divorce rates.
A. appearances
B. records
C. responses
D. values
14. Affected by the Western cultures, Vietnamese young people's attitudes
................. love and marriage have dramatically changed.
A. for
B. with
C. through
D. towards
15. Sometimes she does not agree...............her husband about child rearing but they
soon find the solutions.
A. for
B. on
C. with
D. of
16. The young are..................more concerned with physical attractiveness than elderly
people.
A. much
B. as
C. many
D. as much as
17. It will take more or less a month to prepare for the wedding.
A. approximately
B. generally
C. frankly D. simply
18.The number of the participants in the survey..............250 students for
Oxford University.
A. are
B. was
C. were
D. have been
19. The grass was yellow because it ................ all summer.
A. does not rain
B. has not rained C. had not rained D. would not rain
20. Many people even wonder these days...............................
A. what marriage is
B. what is marriage
C. what marriage was
D. what was marriage
21. There were about 100 attendees at the wedding, and ..................half of them were
the bride's and groom's relatives.
A. less
B. not less than C. no less than
D. nor less than
22. After they have been...................love for two years, they decide to get married.
A. for
B. with
C. on
D. in
23. In some cases, Mary is thought not to be ...................her sister.
A. as much intelligent than
B. so intelligent than
C. intelligent more than
D. as intelligent as
24. The lights .............. out because we ....................... the electricity bill.
A. have gone / did not pay
B. will go / did not paid
C. go / would not pay
D. went / had not paid
25...........Tom Cruise's last movie? Yes, I ................ it three days ago
A. Have you ever seen / saw
B. Did you ever see / have seen
C. Had you ever seen / would see
D. Will you ever see / saw
26. In the past, people ...................... to the beach more often.
A. have gone B. used to go
C. were going
D. had gone
27. My neighbor is driving me mad! It seems that .................... it is at night,............... he
plays his music!


A. the less / the more loud
B. the less / less
C. the more late / the more loudlier
D. the later / the louder
28. Thanks to the progress of science and technology, our lives have become
....................
A. more and more good
B. better and better
C. the more and more good
D. gooder and gooder
29. The Sears Tower is .................... building in Chicago.
A. taller
B. the more tall C. the tallest
D. taller and taller
30. It gets .................... when the winter is coming.
A. cold and cold
B. the coldest and coldest
C. colder and colder
D. more and more cold
Error identification.
31. While preparing for your wedding, keeping in mind that this is just the first step in
A
B
C
your future lives of love together.
D
32. Marriage is a life-long journey together, which is not simply a boat you get on
A
B
C
together and getting off when it does not work out.
D
33. It is important to note that such a happy marriage does not come about by accident,
A
B
but it had taken years of dedicated work to bring this kind of relationship into existence.
C
D
34. There are dangerous times in a marriage, especially when the wife can come to feel
A
B
such overburdened that she decides to end the relationship.
C
D
35. Once you can overcome your difficulty, the problems may well become a source of
A
B
C
strengthen to your marriage and to your faith.
D
Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.
When people plan to marry, they expect to find in their partner not only a lover but a
friend also. They find a person with whom they can share their opinions, their emotions,
thoughts and fears. In marriage we are looking for a partner who will be able to
understand our values, our likes and dislikes.
If a man and a woman are born and raised in the same country, most likely they are
familiar with the same songs, movies, jokes, books and life in general. They basically
have the same roots. In the case of a western man and foreign woman family,


everything is more complicated and requires much more patience and understanding
from both spouses. On one hand each of the partners has an opportunity to learn a
great deal about the other's country, culture, traditions and life styles which can be very
interesting. On the other hand it can be very disappointing if there is the inability to
understand your partner's excitements and frustrations. For example, you are watching
the television and suddenly you see a famous actor or singer, or other type of an artist
whose name you have grown up with. Maybe this artist was an idol for your parents and
the music of this artist was often played in your house when you were a child.
Unfortunately you realize that your wife is unable to understand your feelings because
she has no idea who this artist is. Her eyes are absolutely empty because she has
never even heard the song before. You feel rather disappointed! Remember that your
wife has the same situation with you. You do not know her country's songs, her
country's famous actors, her books. She has her own memories and in actuality, for
her, everything is much more difficult than it is for you. At least, you live in your own
country where everybody can understand you. She lives in completely strange
surroundings, where she has nobody to share her feelings with, except you.
Do some research and learn about your wife's country, culture and lifestyles. Talk
with her, ask her questions, get to know what songs she likes, what movies and books
are of interest to her. The Internet will give you a great opportunity to find anything! Tell
her about your country's culture, let her listen to the music that you like, rent a movie for
her that left you with great impression. Let her understand you better through the things
that you like. Patience and time will help you to fight cultural differences.
36. A spouse should...................................
A. let the partner do everything alone
B. be not only a lover but also a friend
C. not share the feelings with the partner
D. not interfere with what the partner's likes and dislikes
37. According to the passage, .............................
A. Spouses who have the same nationality need more patience and understanding
in their marriage than those who are from different cultures.
B. Spouses who are from different cultures need more patience and understanding
in their marriage than those who have the same roots.
C. Spouses who have the same roots do not share anything together.
D. Spouses who are from different cultures can never share anything together,
38. If there is the inability to understand a spouse's excitements and frustrations in the
marriage, he or she may feel......................................
A. faithful
B. hopeless
C. disappointed D. happy
39. The passage is.......................
A. critical
B. convincing
C. advisory
D apologetic
40. To overcome cultural differences in marriage needs........................


A. patience and time
C. movies and music

B. time and money
D. books and the Internet

PRACTICE TEST 3
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the
rest.
1. A. computer
B. turn
C. miraculous D. accuracy
2. A. calculation B. passion
C. question
D. mention
3. A. software
B. welfare
C. share
D. are
4. A. look
B. tooth
C. school
D. afternoon
5. A. put
B. full
C. fun
D. could
Choose A, B, C or D that best completes each unfinished sentence; best
substitutes the underlined part; or has the same meaning to the sentence above.
6. “ It’s a _________ of architecture". The man said to his friends.
A. miracle
B. miracles
C. miraculous D. miraculously
7. Due to technological advancement, modern electronic computers are more
________ than those of preceding generations.
A. scenic
B. productive
C. capable
D. entertaining
8. Computer - controlled robots are now common in industrial manufacture.
A. service
B. production
C. preparation D. communication
9. Thanks to the development of information __________, we can communicate with
each other very quickly through the Internet.
A. technician
B. technique
C. technical
D. technology
10. She sings _________. She is famous for her voice.
A. beauty
B. beautify
C. beautiful
D. beautifully
11. At last, he could_________ to get out of the burning house safely.
A. manage
B. leave
C. receive
D. make
12. Turn ______ the TV. Don't you notice that everybody is working.
A. on
B. up
C. down
D. out
13. She has looked worried _________ something since she received a letter______
her parents yesterday.
A. about / from
B. on /of
C. in / for
D. with / to
14. The tie is really ________ awful color.
A. a
B. an
C. the
D. no article
15._____ technology has had profound effects on lifestyle throughout human history.
A. a
B. an
C. the
D. no article
16. In a robot the controlling computer's major output device is the robot ________
A. itself
B. himself
C. herself
D. themselves
17. Computer engineering is the branch of electrical engineering ________ focuses
both on hardware and software design, and the interaction between the two.


A. who
B. whom
C. that
D. that is
18. Since the 1970s, computers________ at a low enough cost to allow individuals to
own a personal computer.
A. are produced
B. will be produced
C. were produced
D. have been produced
19. The study of computer hardware ________ part of computer engineering.
A. is usually considered
B. usually considered
C. being usually considered
D. usually considering
20. _________ was born in Stratford, wrote more than forty plays.
A. William Shakespeare, that
B. William Shakespeare who
C. William Shakespeare, who
D. William Shakespeare
21. _________ to my wife is a friend of ours.
A. The woman, who is talking
B. The woman who is talking
C. The woman is talking
D. The woman whom is talking
22. No one has used this computer for a long time.
A. This computer has not been used for a long time.
B. This computer was not used for a long time ago..
B. This computer has been used for a long time.
B. This computer has not used for a long time.
23. There__________ no improvements since he__________ applying his new project
last month.
A. were / has suggested
B. have been / suggested
C. had been / suggested
D. are / would suggest
24. _________ is to call the police.
A. The last thing, that you can do
B. The last thing, you can do
C. The last thing, which you can do D. The last thing that you can do
25. Please take me to any place ____________ I can spend the night.
A. that
B. which
C. where
D. in that
26. Sue intends to spend her summer holidays in Florida although she__________
there three times before.
A. was
B. will be
C. has been D. had been
27. The time _________ I stayed on the farm with my grandparents was so interesting
that I even thought of becoming an agricultural engineer.
A. when
B. which
C. that
D. what
28. Since the end of the 1980s, laptop computers have become popular________
business people.
A. between
B. among
C. with
D. for
29. As personal computers, laptops are capable of________ a desktop PC.
A. the same tasks as
B. the same tasks with
C. the same as tasks as
D. as the same tasks as


30. Trembling, she opened the drawer_______ she kept all her precious jelweries as
well as souvenirs.
A. which
B. in which
C. in that
D. in where
Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.
I/O (short for input / output) is a general term for devices (31)_________
computers information from the outside world and that return the results of
computations. For personal computers, for (32)_________, keyboards and mice are the
primary ways people directly enter information (33)_________ the computers; and
monitors are the primary way (34)_________ information from the computer is
(35)_________ back to the user, though printers, speakers, and headphones are
common, too. There is (36)_________ huge variety of (37)_________ devices for
obtaining other types of input. One example is the digital camera, (38)_________ can
be used to input visual information. The (39)_________ to transfer data between
computers has opened up a huge range of capabilities for the computer. The global
Internet allows millions of computers to transfer information of all types (40)_________
each other.
31. A. that send B. which sends C. which sending
D. who send
32. A. instead
B. instance
C. interest
D. increase
33. A. for
B. toward
C. into
D. in
34. A. in which
B. in that
C. those of
D. which in
35. A. received
B. read
C. paid
D. presented
36. A. a
B. an
C. the
D. no article
37. A. another
B. other
C. the others
D. others
38. A. that
B. which .
C. whose
D. whom
39. A. able
B. enable
C. ability
D. ably
40. A. among
B. in
C. beyond
D. between

PRACTICE TEST 4
Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the
rest.
1. A. climber
B. bomb
C. blue
D. combing
2. A. pine
B. psychology
C. plane
D. pick
3. A. protected
B. visited
C. destroyed D. eliminated
4. A. fields
B. insects
C. frogs
D. villagers
5. A. losing
B. close
C. open
D. hold
Choose A, B, C, or D that best completes each unfinished sentence; best
substitutes the underlined part; or has the same meaning to the sentence above.
6. The new laws to conserve wildlife in the area will come into force next month.
A. protect
B. pollute
C. destroy
D. eliminate
7. Harmful insects must be _______ to protect our crops.


A. conserved
B. protected
C. destroyed D. cultivated.
8. Water pollution is more and more serious due to the tests of nuclear weapons in the
seas and oceans.
A. circulation
B. environment C. elimination D. contamination
9. _______ earth is warmer and many scientists have stated that the problem will be
even worse in _______ future.
A. No article / a
B. The / the
C. An / a
D. An / no article
10. We should do something immediately to save the Earth _______ being destroyed.
A. from
B. for
C. in
11. The new laws will be _______ to restrict wildlife destruction.
A. Pasted
B. passed
C. supplied.
D. taken away.
12. It is difficult _______ the problem of pollution.
A. solve
B. to solve
C. solving
D. solved
13. The door _______ open at any circumstances.
A. should not leave B. should left C. should not be left D. should not be leave
14. We have not used this computer for a long time.
A. For a long time has not been used this computer.
B. This computer has not used for a long time.
C. This computer has been not used for a long time.
D. This computer has not been used for a long time.
15. _______ last year?
A. Did this tractor buy
B. Was the tractor bought.
C. Has this tractor bought
D. Has this tractor been bought
16. The polluted rivers _______.
A. cannot clean up
B. cannot cleaned up
C. cannot be cleaned up
D. cannot cleaning up
17. ________ by Mr. Pike, my friend's father?
A. Is the plane flying
B. Is the plane being flown
C. Is the plane be flown
D. Is the plane be flying
18. That tree _____ last month. Now it ___________
A. planted / grows
B. has planted / is grown
C. is planted / is being grown
D. was planted / is growing
19. People say that the bridge was destroyed in the war.
A. The bridge says being destroyed in the war.
B. The bridge is said being destroyed in the war.
C. The bridge is said to be destroyed in the war.
D. The bridge is said to have been destroyed in the war.
20. Thomas said that he would be home __________.
A. tomorrow
B. next week
C. then
D. the next day
21. The boss said, "Peter, I will be away for some days".


A. The boss said to Peter that he will be away for some days.
B. The boss told Peter that he will be away for some days.
C. The boss said Peter that he would be away for some days.
D. The boss told Peter that he would be away for some days.
22. I wonder___________.
A. where he has gone
B. where has he gone
C. he has gone where
D. has he gone where
23. "Can you help me, Mary?", John said.
A. John said to Mary if he could help her.
B. John told Mary if he could help her.
C. John asked Mary if she can help him
D. John asked Mary if she could help him.
24. Tom said that he __________.
A. is busy now
B. was busy now
C. were busy then D. was busy then
25. Tom told me _____________.
A. do not stay up late
B. not to stay up late
C. not staying up late
D. do not to stay up late
Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.
Many believe only animals are endangered. They think wild plants can just grow
back after damage. This is not true. Our plants are declining at an alarming rate.
Among them are some of the most beautiful and useful species on Earth. The
importance of plants to life on Earth is immeasurable. The landscape and wildlife we
enjoy, the food we eat, even the very air we breathe is connected to plant life.
Plants support wildlife. The U.S, Fore Service has stated that every plant species
that goes extinct, up to 30 other species of plants, insects and other animals may also
decline. Plants provide the food arid habitat for wildlife.
Plants support a healthy environment. They provide clean air, help hold soil in
place, clean water, moderate wind and water impacts, and shade the earth.
Plants support people. Plants give many gifts to man. They provide food, fiber,
and fuels, Many plants are known to contain chemicals that can be used to treat human
illnesses. Others have the ability to fight agricultural pests and improve existing crops.
This is a real crisis, Habitat destruction, over collection, and other environmental
damage are eroding our natural plant communities. Some species have declined to
such small numbers that a bad storm or a plant collector could wipe them out in
minutes. Without intervention they will be lost forever.
26. According to the text, ______
A. plants play a very important role to life on Earth
B. plants do not play a very important role to life on Earth
C. wild plants can just grow back easily after damage
D. our plants are increasing
27. Which sentence is correct?
A. The landscape, wildlife, food, air is connected to plant life.


B. Plants do not influence the environment.
C. Plants do not influence wildlife.
D. Plants can provide only food for wildlife.
28. Plants ______.
A. do not provide habitat for wildlife B. do not contain chemicals
C. can prevent erosion
D. cannot shade the earth
29. Food, fiber, fuels, and chemicals that can be used to treat human illnesses are the
_________ plants give us.
A. protection
B. extinction
C. gifts
D. pests
30. The writer advised us _____
A. to destroy plants as much as possible
B. to intervene on plant extinction
C. not to grow any plants
D. not intervene on plant extinction
Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.
Tropical forests are known to be very (31)_________ to the balance of nature but
we are destroying them at an incredible rate. They (32)_________ not only to benefit
the natives of that country, (33)_________ to satisfy the needs of richer countries.
Central American forests are being destroyed for pastureland to make pet food in the
United States cheaper; in Papua New Guinea, forests are being destroyed to
(34)_________ cheaper cardboard packaging for Japanese electronic products; in
Burma and Thailand, forests have been destroyed to (35)_______ more attractive
furniture in Singapore and Hong Kong. (36)_________, a rich person living thousands
of miles away may cause more tropical forest (37)_________ than a poor person
living in the forest.
In short, it is everybody's duty to safeguard the future of mankind – through
population control and being more aware of the (38) ____ his actions have on nature.
Nature is both fragile and powerful. Iit is easily destroyed (39)_________ man; on the
(40)_________ hand, it can so easily destroy human beings with terrible disasters.
31. A. important B. determined
C. polluted
D. attractive
32. A. are clearing B. are clear
C. are be cleared
D. are being cleared
33. A. also
B. but also
C. as well
D. nor
34. A. protest
B. contaminate C. supply
D. damage
35. A. produce
B. establish
C. better
D. cause
36. A. However
B. if
C. Although
D. Therefore
37. A. destroy
B. destruction
C. destructive
D. destroyer
38. A. afford
B. efforts
C. effects
D. affect
39. A. by
B. with
C. through
D. for
40. A. another
B. other
C. others
D. each other


PRACTICE TEST 5
I. Change the following sentences into Passive Voice
1. They opened the road 10 years ago.
.....................................................................................................................................
2. He can mend all chairs for you now.
.....................................................................................................................................
3. They must widen the road to school this year.
.....................................................................................................................................
4. Have you done your homework?
.....................................................................................................................................
5. Who will Ann meet at the airport?
.....................................................................................................................................
6. The Prime Minister is making a speech at the moment.
.....................................................................................................................................
7. He had the neighbor mend the chair.
.....................................................................................................................................
8. We see her walk with him every evening.
.....................................................................................................................................
9. You needn’t water the flowers.
.....................................................................................................................................
10. They had finished the preparations by the time the guests arrived.
.....................................................................................................................................
II. Combine the following sentences by using Relative Clause. Use commas for
non-defining relative clauses.
1. I remember the day. I was afraid to use my new computer then.
.....................................................................................................................................
2. I work in an office. In my office, the software changes frequently.
.....................................................................................................................................
3. The secretary can give you the information. She sits at the first desk on the right.
.....................................................................................................................................
4. The Southam Chess Club meets weekly on Friday evenings. It has more than 50
members.
.....................................................................................................................................
5. Professor Johnson is to visit the university next week. I have long admired him.
.....................................................................................................................................
6. The playground wasn't used by those children. It was built for those children.
.....................................................................................................................................
7. People often suffer from backache. Their work involves standing for most of the day.


.....................................................................................................................................
8. They climbed up to the top of a large rock. They got a good view from there.
.....................................................................................................................................
9. A doctor has had to retire through ill health. We know him.
.....................................................................................................................................
10. Jane has sold the old car. She was given it by her father.
.....................................................................................................................................
III. Change the following sentences into reported speech.
1. “We went out last night”, he told me.
→ He told me that …………………………………………………………………………….
2. “I was waiting for the bus when they arrived”, he told me.
→ He told me ………………………………………………………………………………….
3. “I’ve never been here before”, he said.
→ He ……………………………………………………………………………………………
4. “Lucy will come later”, he said.
→ ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
5. “Can you help me?”, he asked me.
→ ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
6. “Who do you want to talk to now, Mary?”, the boy said.
→ ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
7. "Close the door behind you.", said he.
→ ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
8. “I won’t help you with your homework. Never!”, Jane said to me.
→ Jane refused ……………………………………………………………………………….
9. Mr. Gray said to the children, “Don’t play in the street.”
→ Mr. Gray warned …………………………………………………………………………..
10. “Sure, I don’t mind at all if you use my typewriter. Go ahead.” he said (allow)
→ ……………………………………………………………………………...........................
IV. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in brackets.
1. __________ is destroying large areas of tropical rain forest. ( DEFOREST)
2. Vitamin C may help ________ against cancer. (PROTECTION)
3. This car ___________ lots of fuel each year. (CONSUMPTION)
4. Life expectancy in Europe has ________ greatly in the 20th century. (INCREASE)
5. The water supply is being tested for ____________. (CONTAMINATE)
6. A documentary is a film with _______ information, often about a problem in society.
(FACT)
7. As a home _______, television rapidly became more popular than any other forms.
(ENTERTAIN)
8. __________, the excursion turned out to be a disaster. (FORTUNATE)


9. Wilson and Thomas were American_______ who stood for equal educational rights
for women. (EDUCATE)
10. If the computer doesn’t work, turn it off and _______ it. (START)

PRACTICE TEST 6
I. Choose the word which has a different stress pattern from that of the others
1.A. epidemic
B. competitive
C. arrangement
D. eradicate
2.A. incredible
B. integration
C. participate
D. ambitious
3.A. unemployed
B. disappointed
C. independent
D. impossible
4.A. confidential
B. intellectual
C. ecotourism
D. vegetation
5.A. mysterious
B. photography
C. scientific
D. geography
II. Choose the best answer
1. The National Park is open to all visitors who undertake ..................... the rules.
A. to obey
B. to break
C. to violate
D. to consider
2. Pollution will get worse ...................... we continue to live in a throwaway society.
A. unless
B. proving that
C. as long as
D. in case
3. If they build a five-star hotel there, the heritage population .................... from view.
A. will hide
B. will be hidden
C. is being hidden
D. is hiding
4. There has been a .................. increase in the number of tourists visiting the city since
the museum was opend
A. fast
B. rapid
C. quick
D. large
5. Would you mind turning your stereo down ? - .........................................
A. Not at all

B. I’d be gald to

C. I’m sorry. I’m not paying
attention

D. Sorry. I didn’t mean it

6. If I had enough money, I………..…abroad to improve my English.
A. will go
B. would go C. should go
D. should have gone
7. The bench would collapse if they……………on it.
A. stood
B. stand
C. standing
D. stands
8. If it…………convenient, let’s go out for a drink tonight.
A. be
B. is
C. was
D. were
9. If you………..…time, please write to me.
A. have
B. had
C. have had
D. has
10. I wouldn’t go there at night if I…………..you.
A. am
B. was
C. be
D. were
11. If I……….….get a pole, I will go fishing.
A. can
B. could
C. may
D. might
12. If you had the chance, ………..…. you go fishing?
A. did
B. may
C. would
D. do
13. If you ………....a choice, which country would you visit?
A. have
B. had
C. have had
D. will have


14. If she……..…..him, she would be very happy.
A. would meet
B. will meet
C. is meeting
D. could meet
15. “Here’s my phone number”. “Thanks. I’ll give you a call if I ………….some help tomorrow
A. will need
B. need
C. would need
D. needed
III. Complete the conditional sentences, using Type I or II.
1. If you do your homework now, we (go) …………………… to the cinema in the
evening.
2. If we (order) ……………………the book now, we will have it tomorrow.
3. If I had more money, I (buy) ……………………a bigger car.
4. If I (meet) ……………………my favorite movie star, I would ask him for an
autograph.
5. I (call) ……………………you if I need your help.
6. I would go swimming if the weather (be) ……………………better.
7. If he (have) …………………… time tomorrow, we will meet each other.
8. If I were you, I (know) ……………………what to do.
9. If we don't order the tickets soon, there (not be) ……………………any tickets left.
10. She (say) ……………………that if she were your friend.
11. If they go to Washington, they (see) ……………………the White House.
12. If she (have) ……………………a hamster, she would call him Fred.
13. If he gave her a sweet, she (stop) ……………………crying.
14. If he (arrive) ……………………later, he will take a taxi.
15. We would understand him if he (speak) ……………………slowly.
16. Andy (cook) ……………………dinner if we buy the food.
17. I will prepare breakfast if I (wake up) ……………………early.
18. If they shared a room, they (fight) ……………………all day long.
19. If you hate walking in the mountains, you (enjoy / not) ……………………the tour.
20. Janet would go jogging if she (have / not) ……………………to do her homework.
IV. Complete each of the following sentences using IF
1. Go right now or you’ll be late for the train.
 If …………………………………………………………………………………………
2. Because you speak English unnaturally, they do not understand you.
 If …………………………………………………………………………………………
3. Because Simon doesn’t live near his mother, he can’t visit her often.
 If …………………………………………………………………………………………
4. The weather is so hot that we can’t go out.
If …………………………………………………………………………………………
5. Stop talking or you won’t finish the work on time.
If …………………………………………………………………………………………
6. He doesn’t apply for the job because he doesn’t have enough qualifications.
 If …………………………………………………………………………………………


7. We can’t buy this car because it is very expensive.
 If …………………………………………………………………………………………
8. Rita is exhausted today because she didn’t get any sleep last night.
 If …………………………………………………………………………………………
V. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer
sheet
People began to keep animals in zoos over 3,000 years ago, when the rulers of
China opened an enormous zoo called the Gardens of Intelligence. In many of the early
zoos, animals (1)...................taught to perform for the visitors. This no longer (2)
...................and it is accepted that the purpose of zoos is for people to see animals
behaving naturally.
Today, most cities have a zoo or a wildlife park. However, not everybody
approves (3) ...................zoos. People (4) ...................think that zoos are a good idea
say they provide us with the opportunity to learn about the natural world and be close to
wild animals. Both of these would not be possible without zoos. On the other hand,
some people disapprove of zoos (5) ...................they believe it is wrong to put animals
in cages, and argue that in zoos which are not managed properly, animals live in dirty
conditions and eat unsuitable food.
1. A. are
B. have
C. were
D. had
2. A. appears
B. becomes
C. develops
D. happens
3. A. in
B. of
C. for
D. with
4. A. who
B. which
C. whose
D. whom
5. A. if
B. when
C. because
D. though
VI. Read the following passage and choose the correct answer A, B, C or D.
In many ways, the increasingly rapid pace of climate change is a direct result of
the growth of the human population. In the last 100 years, the world population has
more than tripled. Obviously, this has meant that the world has needed to produce
three times as much food, energy, and other natural resources.
In addition, the average person uses more energy and natural resources than the
average person one hundred years ago, meaning that the rates of consumption are
actually much higher than just the increase in population would imply.
All of these activities: food production, energy usage, and the use of natural resources,
contribute to climate change in some way. The greater amounts of oil and other fuels
burned to create energy release chemicals which add to global warming. In order to
produce more food, farmers cut down trees to gain more land for their fields. In
addition, we cut down trees to build the houses needed for a larger population. Those
trees are an essential part of controlling global warming.
In addition to a growing population, the world also has a population that desires a
higher standard of living than in the past, and a higher standard of living requires the
use of even more natural resources. For example, China is the world’s most populous


nation, with 1.3 billion people. Currently, the standard of living for most of those people
is far below that of people in first world nations. Therefore, the average Chinese citizen
uses far fewer natural resources and less energy than the average citizen of the US or
Japan. If every Chinese person attains a first world lifestyle, the amount of energy and
natural resources needed in the world will double, even if the standard of living in every
other nation on Earth remains the same as it is today.
1. The word “pace” in the passage is closest in meaning to _____.
A. growth
B. speed
C. problem
D. pollution
2. The word “consumption” in the passage is closest in meaning to _____.
A. development B. usage
C. population
D. increase
3. According to the passage, how does food production contribute to global warming?
A. Food production requires that the forests be cleared to create farmland.
B. Food production uses many chemicals which add to global warming.
C. Producing more food leads to growth in the world population.
D. Food production decreases the ability of the air to release heat.
4. According to the passage, how does the standard of living affect global warming?
A. Higher standards of living are better for the environment.
B. First world nations create less population than developing nations.
C. The use of natural resources is directly related to the standard of living.
D. High standards of living lead to increases in world population.
5. Why does the author discuss China, Japan and the United States?
A. To compare the standards of their citizens.
B. To explain why China will not be able to become a first world nation.
C. To explain why the world’s use of energy will need to double soon.
D. To better illustrate the effects of an increase in standards of living.



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