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TÀI LIỆU ÔN TẬP THI THPT QG MÔN TIẾNG ANH (With Keys)

PART 1: PHONETICS
CÁCH PHÁT ÂM "S/ ES" CUỐI :
s/
/ iz /
//// z /

11.. SSO
OU
UN
ND
DSS

trong trường hợp danh từ số nhiều nhiều hoặc động từ số ít.

- Sau các phụ âm vô thanh (voiceless consonants): /f/, /k/, /p/, /t/ ,//,/h/
Ex: laughs, walks, cups, cats, tenths; books...
- Sau một phụ âm gió : /z/, /s/, /dz/, / t∫/, / ∫ /, /z/. Hoặc các chữ cái: s, x, z, ch, sh, ce, ge
Ex: washes , kisses , oranges…..
Không thuộc hai loại trên. Ex: bags , kids , days …

Ngọai lệ:

- Chữ s đọc /z /sau các từ :busy, please, easy, present, desire, music, pleasant, desert, choose, reason, preserve, poison..
- Chữ s đọc /'∫/ sau các từ sugar,sure
EXERCISE

1. A. proofs
2. A. asks
3. A. sees
4. A. tombs
5. A. books
6. A. cats
7. A. walks
8. A. leaves
9. A. helps
10. A. delays

11. A. improves
12. A. wonders

B. books
B. breathes
B. sports
B. lamps
B. floors
B. tapes
B. begins
B. washes
B. laughs

C. points
C. breaths
C. pools
C. brakes
C. combs
C. rides
C. helps
C. dresses
C. cooks

D. days
D. hopes
D. trains
D. invites
D. drums
D. cooks
D. cuts
D. watches
D. finds

B. begins
B. destroys
B. problems

C. attracts
C. suggests
C. mountains

D. believes
2018
D. reminds 2018
D. moments 2018

CÁCH PHÁT ÂM “ –ED” CUỐI :
1. “-ed ” pronounced as / id /: sau / t, d / : Thường sau chữ t, d : .Ex: wanted; decided
2. “-ed ” pronounced as / t /: sau / k, f, p, s, ∫, t∫, h ,/ hoặc chữ p, k, f, th, s, sh, ch :.Ex: asked; stopped; laughed..
3. “-ed ” pronounced as / d / : Trừ 2 trường hợp trên
: .Ex: moved; played; raised
Ngọai lệ: Đuôi -ed trong các tính từ sau được phát âm /id/: aged, learned, beloved, blessed, naked,,...
EXERCISE

1. A. worked
2. A. reformed
3. A. confused
4. A. devoted
5. A. measured
6. A. wounded
7. A. imprisoned
8. A. a.failed
9. A. supported
10. A. played
11. A. dressed
12. A. washed

B. stopped
B. appointed
B. faced
B. suggested
B. pleased
B. routed
B. pointed
B. reached
B. approached
B. planned
B. dropped
B. passed

C. forced
C. stayed
C. cried
C. provided
C. distinguished


C. wasted
C. shouted
C. absored
C. noticed
C. cooked
C. matched
C. worked

D. wanted
D. installed
D. defined
D. wished
D. managed
D. risked
D. surrounded
D. solved
D. finished
TN 2015
D. lived
thpt 2017
D. joined
2017
D. opened
2017

BÀI TẬP VỀ CÁC NGUYÊN ÂM VÀ CÁC PHỤ ÂM KHÁC :
1. A. message
2. A. describe
3. A. Christmas
4. A. choice
5. A. took

B. sausage
B. punish
B. characteristic
B. achieve
B. book

C. teenage
C. infectious
C. chemical
C. each
C. shoe
1

D. passage TN 2011
D. efficient TN 2011
D. challenge TN 2011
D. chemistry
D. would


6: A. find
7: A. breath
8: A. massage
9: A. chair
10. A. motion
11. A. apply
12. A.enough
13. A. bear
14. A. deal
15. A. walk
16.
A. date
17. A. find
18. A. head
19. A. great
A. dream

B. bite
B. breathe
B. carriage
B. cheap
B. question
B. university
B. laugh
B. near
B. teach
B. call
B. face
B. think
B. bean
B. cheap
B. wear

C. since
C. thank
C. voyage
C. chorus
C. mention
C. identity
C. cough
C. clear
C. break
C. take
C. page
C. drive
C. meal
C. clean
C. treat

D. drive
D. threat
D. dosage
D. child
D. fiction
D. early
D. high
TN 2014
D. hear
TN 2014
D. clean
TN 2015
D. talk
2017
D. map
2017
D. mind
2017
D. team
2018
D. mean
2018
D. mean
2018

22.. SST
TR
RE
ESSSS

Một số qui tắc nhấn âm cơ bản:
- Từ có 2 âm tiết: Động từ thường nhấn âm 2; Danh/ Tính/ Trạng từ thường nhấn âm 1
Ngoại lệ: Verbs: 'answer, 'enter, 'happen, 'offer; Nouns: po'lice, ad'vice, ma'chine, mis'take; Adj: a'lone, a'mazed, …
- Những đuôi nhận âm nhấn (Nhấn tại các âm đuôi): -ee, - eer, -oo,-ese, -ique, -esque, -ain.
Ex: ag'ree, volun'teer, Vietna'mese, re'tain, main'tain, u'nique, pictu'resque, engi'neer…
- Âm nhấn đặt ngay trước các tổ hợp âm: –ic, -ish, -ical, -sion, -tion, -ance, -ence, -idle, -ious, -iar, ience, id, -eous, -acy, -ian, -ity
EXERCISE

1. A. appalling
2. A. symbolize
3. A. agriculture
4. A. apology
5. A. interview
6. A. certificate
7. A. effective
8. A. energetic
9. A. competition
10. A. modern
11. A. importance
12: A. threaten
13. A. terrific
14. A. significant
15. A. personality
16: A. natural
18. A. catastrophe
19.A. reliable
20. A.customer
21: A. recipe
22: A. conceal
23: A. advantageous
24. A. tittle
25. A. importance
26. A. possible
27. A. office
28. A. difficult

B. mechanic
B. encounter
B. referee
B. compulsory
B. certificate
B. apartment
B. important
B. significant
B. intelligent
B. machine
B. subtraction
B. collect
B. applicant
B. convenient
B. appropriate
B. computer
B. agriculture
B. preservative
B. computer
B. candidate
B. contain
B. oceanic
B. medal
B. happiness
B. cultural
B. nature
B. popular

C. November
C. determine
C. personality
C. Industry
C.applicant
C. individual
C. historic
C. competition
C. automation
C. honest
C. algebra
C. begin
C. Continue
C. fashionable
C. information
C. animal
C. dictionary
C. intellectual
C. energy
C. instrument
C. conserve
C. compulsory
C. water
C. employment
C. confident
C. result
C. effective
2

D. architect
D. diploma
D. mathematics
D. Disaster.
D. primary
D. biology
D. National
TN 2013
D. overwhelming
D. information
D. village
TN 2013
D. example
D. destroy
TN 2012
D. ignorant
D. traditional
D. entertainment
D. educate
TN 2012
D. supervisor
D. conventional
2014
D. property
2014
D. commitment
2015
D. conquer
2015
D. influential THPT 2015
D. defend
D. relation
2017
D. supportive
2017
D. farmer
D. national


29. A. answer
30. A. medical
31. A. doctor
32. A. teacher
33. A. disaster
34: A. sympathy
35: A. intend
36: A. apartment
37: A. explain
38: A. president
39: A. obtain
40: A. behave

B. reply
B. essential
B. student
B. lesson
B. origin
B.poverty
B.install
B.benefit
B.involve
B.opponent
B. perform
B. relax

C. singer
C. dangerous
C. advice
C. action
C.charity
C.equipment
C.follow
C.argument
C.borrow
C. assistant
C.affect
C.enter

D. future
D. regular
D. parent
D. police
D.agency
D. character
D. decide
D. vacancy
D. discuss
D. companion
D. happen
D.allow

2018
2018

PART 2: GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURES
II.. A
AR
RT
TIIC
CL
LE
ESS
1. Mạo từ xác định “The” đề cập:
- Người/ vật được nhắc đến lần thứ 2 trở đi
- Cái mà người nói lẫn người nghe đều biết
- Vật duy nhất: the sun, the earth, the moon
- Các dụng cụ âm nhạc, các đại dương, dãy núi, sa mạc
- Danh từ theo sau là một “of + cụm danh từ” hoặc một
mệnh đề quan hệ.
- Câu so sánh nhất, so sánh kép.
2. Indefinite article “a/ an” đề cập:

- Một danh từ chung chung “ONE”
- Cấu trúc cảm thán: “What a/ an + adj; Such a/an + adj”
- Chỉ nghề nghiệp: worrk as a/ an + nghề nghiệp.
3. Không dùng mạo từ khi:
- Trước tên quốc gia, tên các ngôn ngữ, các bữa ăn,
phương tiện đi lại,các ngọn núi, ao hồ…
Chí ý: The United States, The Neitherlands, The United
Kingdom…

EXERCISE: Choose the best answer to complete the sentences
1. ....................... book you ordered .................... last week is now in stock.
A. the/ Ø
B. a/ the
C. Ø / an
D. Ø / the
2. Reading books is still one of _____ most popular forms of entertainment.
A. an
B. the
C. any
D. a
3. We often go to school by ........................... bicycle.
A. a
B. an
C. the
D. Ø
4. I enjoy playing ______ at weekends.
TN 2013
A. badminton
B. the badminton
C. one badminton
D. a badminton
5. I bought ......................... umbrella to go out in the rain.
A. a
B. an
C. the
D. Ø
6. My daughter is learning to play ............................. violin at her school.
A. a
B. an
C. the
D. Ø
7. I need ..................... time to think about ......................... offer you made me.
A. the/ the
B. a/ the
C. X/ an
D. Ø / the
8. We can finish the rest of the bread for .............................breakfast.
A. a
B. an
C. the
D. Ø
9. Our neighbor has ..................... cat and .......................... dog.
A. a/ a
B. an/ a
C. the/ the
D. Ø / Ø
10. There was ..................... accident yesterday at ................... corner of .................... street.
A. a/ the/ the
B. an/ a/ a
C. an/ the/ the D. the/ Ø / Ø
11. Reading books is still one of _____ most popular forms of entertainment.
A. an
B. the
C. any
D. a
TN 2011
12. Can anyone give me .......................... hand, please because I have just fallen over?
A. a
B. an
C. the
D. Ø
13. She always said that when she grew up she wanted to be .............................
A. doctor
B. a doctor
C. the doctor
D. a doctors
14. ..................... president of the United States will be visiting Australia next week.
A. a
B. an
C. the
D. Ø
15. More and more investors are pouring ______ money into food and beverage start-ups.
A. an
B. the
C. Ø
D. a
THPT 2017
3


16.

The pace of ______ life is much slower in the country than in the city.
2017
A. an
B. a
C. Ø
D. the
17. We moved to the countryside because we wanted to be close to ______ nature.
A. a
B. the
C. an
D. Ø
2017
18. Domestic appliances like washing machines and dishwashers have made _____life much easier.
A. the
B. a
C. Ø
D. an
2017

II. PREPOSITIONS AND PHRASAL VERBS

• IN (trong, vào)
• AT (vào lúc/ tại)
• ON (vào)
• FOR (trong) + khoảng thời gian: for two months
• SINCE (từ, từ khi) + mốc t/ gian: since 2002
• UNTIL/ TILL (đến, cho đến): till midnight
• FROM … TO (từ … đến): from morning to noon
• BEFORE (trước, trước khi): before lunchtime
• AFTER (sau, sau khi): after luchtime
• DURING (trong, suốt): during World War II
• BY (tính đến): by the end of May
• ABOVE/ OVER (bên trên – không tiếp xúc với bề mặt)
• UNDER/ BELOW (ở dưới, dưới)
• IN FRONT OF (ở phía trước), BEHIND (ở phía sau),
• IN THE MIDDLE OF (ở giữa)
• BETWEEN (ở giữa hai người/ vật),
• AMONG (ở giữa nhiều người/ vật)
• OPPOSITE (đối diện)
• THROUGH (xuyên qua)
* Một số giới từ khác:
- Giới từ chỉ mục đích: for, to, in order to, so as to (để)
- Giới từ chỉ nguyên nhân: for, because of, owning to (bởi vì)
- Giới từ chỉ phương tiện: by, with (bằng), through (nhờ qua)
- Giới từ chỉ thể cách: with ( với), without (không có)
- Giới từ chỉ sự tương quan: according to (tùy theo), instead of (thay vì), in spite of (mặc dù)
II: PHRASAL VERBS:
1. apply to (+ người)/ for (công việc): nộp đơn xin
30. go over (test/ essay): read carefully: đọc kỹ
2. ask for: hỏi xin
31. hurry up : làm gấp
3. break into: enter : đột nhập vào
32. keep up/ pace with : theo kịp = catch up with
4. cary out: triển khai
33. loose touch/ contact with: mất liên lạc
5. catch up / catch up with : bắt kịp , theo kịp .
34. laugh at: cười nhạo
6. cheer up: làm vui vẻ
35. lie down : nằm nghỉ
7. come across: tình cờ phát hiện
36. look after : chăm sóc = take care of
8. come along with = accompany: tháp tùng
37. look up : tìm , tra cứu ( book/ dictionary )
9. come out = turn out/ appear: hóa ra
38. look for : tìm kiếm = search for
10. cool off ( nhiệt tình ) nguội lạnh đi , giảm đi .
39. look down on/ upon: khinh thường
11. die out/ off: become extict: tiệt chủng
40. prevent …from + V-ing: ngăn ngừa khỏi ….
12. dress up: trang trí/ ăn diện
41. put on : mặc ( quần áo ) , mang ( giày ) , đội ( mũ)
13. fall behind : thụt lui , tụt lại đằng sau .
42. stare at: trừng, nhìn chằm vào
14. fill in : điền vào , ghi vào .
43. glance at: liếc
15. get along with: hòa hợp với= get on (well) with
44. speak up : nói to , nói thẳng
16. get on = put on mặc quần áo
45. take after = resemble : giống
17. get over : vượt qua, khắc phục = recover from
46. take off : cởi ( quần áo , giày , mũ ) ; cất cánh
18. get up : thức dậy .
47. try out : thử = test
19. give in : nhượng bộ , chịu thua .
48. turn off : khóa , tắt ( đèn , máy móc , động cơ …)
20. give up = stop : từ bỏ , bỏ
49. turn on = switch on/ off
21. go away : biến mất , tan đi .
50. turn up = arrive/ appear: đến/ xuất hiện
22. go in : vào , đi vào .
51. turn round : quay lại , thay đổi hướng
23. go off ( chuông ) : reo , ( súng , bom ) : nổ, ( đèn ) tắt
52. try on : mặc thử ( quần áo)
, ( máy móc ) : hư = explode/ blow up
53. wait up ( for ) : thức đợi ai
24. go on = continue : tiếp tục = keep on/ cary on
54. wash up : rửa bát đĩa .
25. go out ( ánh sáng , lửa , đèn ) : tắt
55. think over: xem xét
26. go up : trưởng thành/ tăng lên = grow up
56. think of: nghĩ về
27. go down : (giá cả) : giảm xuống
57. watch out : đề phòng , chú y
28. go after : theo đuổi
58. Put off= delay/ pospone = hold up
29. go by ( thời gian ) : trôi qua
59. look out = be careful
4


63. under pressure : bị áp lực
64. under the weather : không khỏe , bị ốm

60. look at : nhìn
61. out of the question : không thể được
62. out of stock : hết hàng

A. PREPOSITIONS
1.
Instead of staying around the house all day, you should be out there looking __ a job.
A. for
B. after
C. into
2.
Have you read any books ______ Agatha Christie?
A. of
B. from
C. by
3.
Susan is fond ______ reading comic books in her free time.
A. on
B. for
C. of
4.
“What time will you arrive?” “I don‟t know. It depends __ the traffic.”
A. of
B. for
C. from
5.
Tears contain an antiseptic that helps protect our eyes ______ infection
A. on
B. with
C. in
6.
The accident was my fault, so I had to pay for the damage __ the other car.
A. of
B. for
C. to
7.
These days everybody is aware _____ the dangers of smoking.
A. on
B. of
C. with
8.
Mozart died ______ Vienna in 1791 _____ the age of 35.
A. in / on
B. in / at
C. at / in
9.
We waited ages for a taxi. We gave up ___ the end and walked home.
A. in
B. on
C. at
10. Why are you never _____ time? You always keep everybody waiting.
A. in
B. on
C. for
11. Stuart: Good heaven! It‟s Nick Jenkins, isn‟t it? I don‟t believe it!
Nick: Stuart! I haven‟t seen you ______ we left school.
A. for
B. from
C. since
12.
13.
14.

D. at
D. with
TN 2013
D. at
D. on
TN 2013
D. from
D. on
D. about
D. of / for
D. of
D. at

D. by

A large number of inventions and discoveries have been made ______ accident.
THPT 2015
A. at
B. on
C. in
D. by
When asked about their preference for movies, many young people say that they are in favour ___ science fiction.
A. in
B. for
C. of
D. with
2015
Global warming will result ______ crop failures and famine.
A. of
B. to
C. in
D. from
2015

15.

Albert is 85 and lives alone. He needs somebody to look ______ him.
A. for
B. on
C. at
D. after.
16. Don‟t go too fast. I can‟t keep _____ you.
A. on to B. on with
C. up to D. up with
17. “This library card will give you free access ______ the Internet eight hours a day.”
A. on
B. to
C. from
D. in
18. The initiative for founding the Red Cross came _______ a Swiss man called Jean Henri Dunant.
A. from
B. with
C. through
D. to
19. We received a call from the teacher ____ charge of our course
A. to
B. on
C. in
D.at
ĐH 2014
20.We are worried ___ the current situation of enviromental pollution in our country
TN 2014
A. of
B. on
C. about
D. at

B. PHRASAL VERBS
1.The young lady sat still in the afternoon breeze , with her hair _____her back
A. running over
B. fallen against
C. flowed down
D. streaming down
2.. We should join hands to make our city green, clean , elegant
TN 2014
A. work together
B. take action C. put together D. make decisions
3. To save energy, we should rememberto ______ the lights before going out.
A. turn on
B. turn off
C. turn up
4. The nurse has to _________ at the midnight.
A. take care
B. take on
C. take over
5. There is an inflation. The prices __________.
5

ĐH 2014

TN 2013
D. turn down
C. take off


A. are going on
B. are going down
C. are going over
D. are going up
6. Remember to _______ your shoes when you are in a Japanese house.
A. take care
B. take on
C. take over
C. take off
7. You can __________ the new words in the dictionary.
A. look for
B. look after
C. look up
D. look at
8. It‟s cold outside. __________ your coat.
A. put on
B. Put down
C. Put off
D. Put into
9. Frank never turns up on time for a meeting.
A. calls
B. arrives
C. reports
D. prepares
10. Never put off until tomorrow what you can do today.
A. do
B. let
C. delay
D. leave
11. My father still hasn‟t really recovered from the death of my mother.
A. looked after
B. taken after
C. gone off
D. got over
12. The bomb exploded with a loud bang which could be heard all over the town.
A. went on
B. went out
C. went off
D. went away
13. John, could you look after my handbag while I go out for a minute.
A. take part in
B. take over
C. take place
D. take care of
14. Bill seems unhappy in his job because he doesn‟t get _______ his boss.
A. up to
B. on for
C. on well with
D. in with
15 . While I was looking through my old albums the other day, I ____this photograph of my parents‟ wedding
A. made up
B. came across C. took after
D. turned down
ĐH 2014
16. We‟re already bought the house but won‟t ____it until May,when the present occupants have moved out
A. keep track of
B. gain recognition of C. take possession of D. catch sight of ĐH 2014
17. The government hopes to _________ its plans for introducing cable TV.
A. turn out
B. carry out
C. carry on
D. keep on
18. While I was looking through my old albums the other day, I _________ this photograph of my parent‟s wedding.
turned down
B. came across
C. made up
D. took after
19. I was born in Scotland but I ________ in Northern Ireland.
A. grew up
B. raised
C. brought up
D. rose
20. The boy does not resemble his brother in any way.
TN 2013
A. look after
B. take after
C. take up
D. look up
21. I could hear voices but I couldn‟t ____what they were saying
ĐH 2014
A. bring about
B. make out
C. turn up
D. try out
22. I woke up when the alarm clock ____
A. took off
B. turned off
C. went off
D. put off
TN 2014
23. I agree with most of what you said, but I can‟t stand your idea of letting children leave school at 14
A. go along with
B. keep up with
C. put up with
D. catch up with
24: He is doing very badly but he tries to ____________appearances.
A. hold on
B. stick to
C. keep up
D. make out
25. I know we had an argument, but not I‟d quite like to…………………..
A. bring up
B. look down
C. make up
D. fall out
26. . I‟m sorry, but I just can‟t____ your behaviour any longer.
A. go along with
B. get on with
C. keep up with
D. put up with
27. What chemical is this? It's _______ a horrible smell.
A. giving over
B. giving off
C. giving down
D. giving up
28. Learning English isn't so difficult once you_______ .
A. get down to it
B. get off it
C. get on it
D. get down with it
29. The teacher asked a difficult question, but finally Ted………………………….a good answer
A. put up with
B. made room for
C. came up with
D. caught sight of
30. It is very important for a firm or a company to keep ______ the changes in the market.
A. pace of
B. track about
C. touch with
D. up with
31. The forecast has revealed that the world‟s reserves of fossil fuel will have ______ by 2015.
A. taken over
B. caught up
C. used off
D. run out
32. She had to borrow her sister‟s car because hers was ______.
A. off work.
B. out of order.
C. off chance.
D. out of work.
6


33. John has finally found a new job after being ______ for three months.
A. out of order

B. out of mind

C. out of work

th

THPT 2015
D. out of reach

34. Nguyen Thi Anh Vien performed so well in the 28 Sea Games women’s 200m butterfly that none of her rivals could
______ her.
A. catch up with
B. look up to
C. come up to
D. put up with THPT 2015

35: The Second World War ______ in 1939.
A. turned up
B. took out
C. brought about
D. broke out
36. “We'd better ______ if we want to get there in time.”
A. take up
B. put down
C. speed up
D. turn down
37. The teamwere eager to make ______ the loss of the previous match.
A. off with
B. up with
C. up for
D. away with
38. I am sorry I have no time at present to ______ detail of our plan.
A. go into
B. bring in
C. come in
D. take into
39. “My secretary will book you an afternoon flight and have you _________ at the airport.”
A. to pick up
B. picked up
C. pick up
D. picking up
40. We‟re already bought the house but won‟t _____ it until May, when the present occupants have moved out.
A. keep track of
B. take possession of
C. gain recognition of
D. catch sight of
41. He retired early………………………his bad health
A. on behalf of
B. in front of
C. on account of
D. in spite of
42. I …………….Katie, an old friend of mine, on the way home from work yesterday
A. came into
B. ran into
C. call off
D. get into
43. Would you like a beer? – Not while I‟m _____.
A. in the act
B. in order
C. on duty
D. under control
44. Yes, I agree, but at the same time it‟s not the end of the world.
A. worth worrying about
B. worth talking about
C. worth looking at
D. worth speaking about.

45. When the manager of our company retires, the deputy manager will
that position.
A. stand for
B. take over
C. catch on
D. hold on
2017
46. Peter is disappointed at not getting the job, but he will
it soon.
A. take on
B. get over
C. go through
D. come over
2017
47. The company management decided to ______ more workers to meet the production schedule.
A. take on
B. make out C. take over D. make up
48. A lot of research in medical science has been ______ to improve human health.
A. made up
B. carried out
C. taken up
D. given off
49: You shouldn't lose heart; success often comes to those who are not _____________ by failures.
A. left out
B. put off
C. switched off
D. turned on
2018
50: The school drama club is ______________ a play for the school's anniversary, which is due to take
place next month.
A. turning up
B. making off
C. putting on
D. bringing down
51: Many parents tend to make their children study hard in the belief that good education will enable them to
in the future.
A. turn up
B. get on
C. get out
D. turn away
52: The coastal city is ______________ extra buses during the summer because of a considerable
increase in the number of tourists.
A. making up
B. turning out
C. putting on
D. taking off

III. VERB TENSES
Thì
Dạng
Khẳng định
Phủ định

SIMPLE PRESENT
(Hiện Tại đơn)
S + V[-s/es]
S + don’t / doesn’t + V(inf)

SIMPLE PAST
(Quá Khứ đơn)
S + V-ed/2
S + didn’t + V(inf)
7


Nghi vấn
Bị động

Nhận biết
Thì
Dạng
Khẳng định
Phủ định
Nghi vấn
Bị động

Nhận biết
Thì
Dạng
Khẳng định
Phủ định
Nghi vấn
Bị động
Nhận biết
Thì
Dạng
Khẳng định
Phủ định
Nghi vấn
Bị động
Nhận biết

Do / Does + S + V(inf) …?
…am / is / are + V-ed/3…

Did + S + V(inf) …?
…was / were + V-ed/3…
- yesterday
- last : last week, last Sunday…
- ago : two months ago, five years ago…
- in the past

- always, usually, occasionally, often, …
- every : every day, every year…
- once…, twice…, 3 times…
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
(Hiện Tại tiếp diễn)
S + am / is / are + V-ing
S + am not / isn’t / aren’t + V-ing
Am / Is / Are + S + V-ing …?
…am / is / are + being + V-ed/3…
- now, at present
- at the / this moment
- Sau câu mệnh lệnh :
Keep silent! The baby is sleeping
PRESENT PERFECT
(Hiện Tại hoàn thành)

PAST CONTINUOUS
(Quá Khứ tiếp diễn)
S + was / were + V-ing
S + wasn’t / weren’t + V-ing
Was / Were + S + V-ing …?
…was / were + being + V-ed/3…
- At that moment
- When / As + (simple past):
When I came, she was crying.
- While :
A dog crossed the road while I was driving.
PAST PERFECT
(Qúa Khứ hoàn thành)

S + has / have + V-ed/3

S + had + V-ed/3

S + hasn’t / haven’t + V-ed/3
Has / Have + S + V-ed/3 …?
…has / have + been + V-ed/3…
- just, already, ever, yet, recent(ly), lately
- since, for : since 1995, for 9 years
- so far, up to now

S + hadn’t + V-ed/3
Had + S + V-ed/3…?
…had been + V-ed/3…
- after + (past perfect), (simple past)
- before + (simple past), (past perfect)

SIMPLE FUTURE
(Tương Lai đơn)

FUTURE PERFECT
(Tương Lai hoàn thành)

S + will + V (inf)

S + will have+ V-ed/3

S + won’t + V (inf)
Will + S + V (inf)…?
…will be + V-ed/3…

S + won’t have + V-ed/3
Will + S + have + V-ed/3…?
…will be + V-ed/3…

- tomorrow
- next… : next week, next Monday
- in the future

- by the end of this month
- by + (simple present)

EXERCISE:
1) John …………tennis once or twice a week .
A. usually
B. is usually playing
C. usually plays
2) Tom: „I ………………..for Christine . Do you know where she is ?‟
David: „She has gone out.‟
A. look
B. looked
C. am looking
3) I …………along the street when I suddenly heard footsteps behind me .
A. was walking
B. am walking
C. walk
4) She ……………….German for two years .
A. has learnt
B. is learning
C. learn
5) As soon as I saw the advertisement, I ______ the house agent.
A. phone
B. had phoned
C. have phoned
6) When I last ………………Jane , she ……………..to find a job .
8

D. have usually played

D. looks
D. walked
D. learns
TN 2013
D. phoned


A. see – trying
B. saw – was trying
C. have seen – tried
D. saw – tried
7) She was overjoyed because her article ______.
TN 2013
A. has been published
B. has published
C. had been published
D. had published
8) The Olympic Games …………………every four years
A. take place
B. takes place
C. took place
D. is taking place
9) I ……………lots about the job so far .
A. have learnt
B. am learning
C. had learnt
D. learn
10) At present, the new director ______ to foster a culture of open communication within the company.
2013
A. tried
B. was trying
C. tries
D. is trying
11) I ______ my old school teacher last week.
THPT 2017
A. visited
B. visit
C. am visiting
D. have visited
12) When their first child was born , they ……….married for three years .
A. have been
B. had been
C. will be
D. will have been
13) We were extremely tired at the end of the journey . We …….for more than 24 hours .
A.had been traveling
B. were traveling
C. have traveled
D. traveled
14) The man sitting next to me on the plane was nervous because he ………………..before .
A. hasn‟t flown
B. didn‟t fly
C. hadn‟t flown
D. wasn‟t flying
15) There „s plenty of time . You ……………………hurry .
A. don‟t have to
B. mustn‟t
C. have not to
D. won‟t
16) A few days ago , I ………that Jane …………………for New York .
A. learn – had left
B. learned – had left
C. learned – has left
D. learn – will leave
17) He has been selling motorcycles ………………………….
A. ten years ago
B. since ten years
C. for last ten years
D. for ten years
18) Mark was listening to music while his sister …………….a book .
A. read
B. reads
C. is reading
D. was reading
19) You …………..here for my party , won‟t you ?
A. shall be
B. won‟t be
C. will be
D. are going to be
20) She ……………music all day . Now she feels tired .
A. has been playing
B. is playing
C. played
D. plays
21. Not until……………..himself seriously ill
A. he had completed the task did he find
B. had he completed the task did he find
C. had he completed the task he found
D. did he completed the task he had found
22. Carbon dioxide ________ as one of the main contributors to the greenhouse effect.
had identified
B. had been identified
C. has been identified
D. has identified
23. “Could you turn off the stove? The potatoes _________ for at least thirty minutes.
A. boiled
B. were boiling
C. have been boiling
D. are boiling
24. “I‟d rather you______ home now.”
A. going
B. go
C. gone
D. went
25. In a few hours, we_______ the test, and we‟ll go home and rest.
A. are finishing
B. have finished
C. will have finished
D. will be finishing
26. I regret going to the cinema. I wish I ____________.
27. A. didn't go there B. haven't gone there C. hadn't gone there
D. would By the end of this week, my illness
……………. me $100.
A. cost
B. has cost
C. will have cost D. will has cost not go there
28. Rodney____ for the company for very long before he was promoted.
A. hadn‟t been working
B. hasn‟t been working
C. didn‟t used to work
D. didn‟t work.
29. How long ago ____ to learn French?
A. did you start
B. were you starting
C. have you started
D. would you start
30. An eyewitness described how ten people _______________ in the fire.
A. had been being killed
B. were killed
C. had been killed
D. had killed

31. I

all of my homework last night.

A. finish
B. will finish
32. Lan ______ learning English a few years ago.
A. starts
B. will start
9

C. have finished

D. finished

C. started

D. is starting

2017
2017


33. Only after she_________________ from a severe illness did she realise the importance of good health.
2018
A. would recover
B. has recovered
C.had recovered
D. was recovering
34. Only after the bus ________________ for a few miles did Jane realise she was on the wrong route.

was running
B. had run
C. has run
35. Linda rarely goes to school by bike, but today she _______ a bike.
A. rides
B. is riding
C. is going to ride

D. runs
D. will ride

IV. VERB FORMS
I. Bare infinitive : (bare) động từ nguyên mẫu không “to”
1. Sau modal verb ( động từ khiếm khuyết ), sau auxilary verb : do, does, did.
2. Sau make, let, help ( sau help có thể có To inf ). Passive voice  dùng to inf theo sau. Trừ let
3. Sau động từ chỉ giác quan:(verbs of perception ) : see, hear, smell, feel, taste, watch, notice …
4. Sau had better ( tốt hơn ) would rather ( thà thì hơn ), had sooner.
5. Causative form (Thể sai khiến): S + have + object ( chỉ người ) + Vo (bare).
6. Bắt đầu câu mệnh lệnh: ( imprative )
II. To infinitive (V1) động từ nguyên mẫu có To)
1. Làm subject  V(sing) (review formal subject)
2. It + take+ (object) + time + to inf / S + find it + adj + to-V (inf)
3. Sau một số động từ sau đây:
a Những động từ sau đây, theo sau là to infinitive : S + V + to inf
1. afford : cung cấp đủ
11. decide
: quyết định
21. manage
2. agree
: đồng ý
12. demand : yêu cầu
22. mean
3. appear : có vẻ
13. deserve : xứng đáng
23. threaten
4. arrange : sắp xếp
14. expect
: trông đợi
24. offer
5. ask
: hỏi
15. dare
: dám
25. plan
6. attempt : cố gắng
16. fail
: thất bại
26. prepare
7. beg
: đề nghị, xin
17. struggle : đấu tranh, cố gắng
27. pretend
8. care
: quan tâm
18. hesitate : ngập ngừng
28. promise
9. claim
: cho là, tuyên bố
19. hope
: hy vọng
29. refuse
10. wish
: ao ước
20. tend
: có khuynh hướng
30. seem

: xoay xở
: muốn
: dọa
: mời
: dự định, kế hoạch
: chuẩn bị
: giả vờ
: hứa
: từ chối
: dường như

b Những động từ sau đây, theo sau là Obj + to inf: S + V + objective + to inf
1. advise :
khuyên
10. expect :
trông đợi
19. order :
ra lệnh
2. allow:
cho phép
11. forbid :
cấm
20. permit :
cho phép
3. ask :
hỏi, đòi hỏi
12. force :
bắt buộc
21. persuade : thuyết phục
4. beg :
năn nỉ, xin
13. provoke : xúi giục
22. remind :
nhắc lại
5. cause :
gây ra
14. desire :
ao ước
23. require :
yêu cầu
6. challenge : thách thức
15. invite :
mời
24. recommend : khuyên
7. convince : thuyết phục
16. warn :
cảnh báo
25. tell :
bảo
8. help :
giúp đỡ
17. tempt :
cám dỗ
26. would like
: thích
9. encourage khuyến khích
18. intend :
dự định
27. would prefer :
thích
Note: Teach, explain, know, understand, discover, consider, think, believe + how + to inf :Chỉ cách thức
III. Gerund : Danh động từ
A. Gerund as a noun ( subj , obj, complement & appositive)
1. Làm chủ ngữ  V(sing)  ( real subject & informal subject ).
2. Sau các giới từ: on, in, at, with …
3. Sau các động từ: love, like, enjoy >< hate, detest, dislike
1. admit
: thừa nhận
8. delay
: trì hõan
15. practise : luyện tập
2. suggest
: đề nghị
9. recall
: gợi lại, nhớ lại.
16. finish
: hòan thành
3. anticipate : tham gia
10. recollect : gợi lại.
17. postpone : đình, hõan.
4. appreciate : đánh giá cao
11. recommend : khuyên, dặn dò.
18. forgive : tha thứ
5. avoid
: tránh
12. risk
: liều lĩnh.
19. miss
: nhớ, lỡ, mất
6. stop
: ngừng, từ bỏ
13. deny
: từ chối
20. imagine : tưởng tượng
7. consider : xem xét
14. understand : hiểu
21. involve : làm liên lụy
10


22. start
: ( hoặc To inf )
23. keep
: tiếp tục
* can‟t bear, can‟t stand, can‟t help
* it is no use, it is no good, there is no use .
* look forward to; busy/ worth
*Note: -ING and –ED form : dùng như tính từ hoặc trong mệnh đề rút gọn.
EXERCISE

24. mind

: phiền

1/ I can‟t afford _______ you any more money . a. borrowing b. to borrow c. to lend d. my lending
2/ Most parents do not allow their children________ out late.
TN 2012
A. staying
B. stay
C. to stay
D. stayed
3/ “ Stacey seems like a bright student .”
- “ She‟s always the first ________ her work.”
a. to finish
b. finishing
c. to being finished with
d. to be finish with
4/ Please ask the restaurant clientele ________ in the no smoking area .
a. don‟t smoke
b. not to smoke
c. not smoking
d. don‟t to smoke
5/ She had no difficulty ______ at her new school.
TN 2013
A. to making friends
B. to make friends
C. make friends
D. making friends
6/ Nowadays a large number ofyoung people spend much time ____
TN 2013
A. surfing the Internet
B. surf the Internet C. to surf the Internet
D. with surfing the Internet
7/ “Why are you mad ?” – “ I dislike ________ by my first name .”
a. you call
b. you to call me
c. your calling me
d. you call me
8/ “ Which baseball team do you support ?” – “ We‟d like ________”
a. the Tigers win
b. That the Tigers win c. the Tigers will win
d. the Tigers to win
9/ “ May I help you ?” – “ Yes , I need someone _______ the tire on my car .”
a. change
b. to change
c. changing
d. to be changed
10/ “I heard Fred is going to work for the ambassador . ”
– “ Yes , he was lucky _______ such a good job.”
a. to give
b. about getting
c. to be given
d. to be giving
11/ “Did you understand the solution to the calculus problem ?”
– “ Not very well . Dr Baker‟s ____________ was complicated .”
a. explain
b. explaining
c. explanation d. explained
12. It has become necessary --------- water in the metropolitan area because of the severe drought.
A. rationing
B. ration
C. to have rationed
D. to ration
13/ We insisted ___________ by the manager .
a. to be seen
b. to see
c. on being seen
d. on seeing
14/ I decided ______ the book you toldme about some days ago.
TN 2013
A. to buying
B. buy
C. to buy
D. buying
15/ “ What are you reading ?” – “ It‟s a magazine article ______ your own furniture .”
a. to make it
b. about make
c. about making
d. for make
16/ ______ a foreign language well is a long process.
a. Learn
b. Learning
c. To learning d. Having learned
17/ What do you enjoy _______ in your free time ? a. doing
b. do
c. to do
d. done
18/ You can‟t go to England without _________ to Bucking ham Palace .
a. go
b. being gone
c. to go
d. going
19/ Would you mind not ___________ ?
a. to be smoking
b. to smoke
c. smoking
d. smoke
20/ She was worried about ________ by thieves.
a. being robbed b. robbing c. being rob d. be robbing
21. I enjoy ------------ to the park on summer evenings.
A. to go
B. going
C. being gone
D. go
22. Don‟t forget ------------ home as soon as you arrive at your destination.
A. to call
B. calling
C. having called
D. to be called
23. When I kept getting unwanted calls, I called the phone company and had my phone number -----------. The
process was easier than I expected it to be.
11


A. change
B. changed
C. to change
D. changing
24. Jean should seriously consider ---------- an actress. She is a very talented performer.
A. to become
B. become
C. becoming
D. will become
25. ---- television to the exclusion of all other activities is not a healthy habit for a growing child.
A. To be watched
B. Being watched
C. Watching
D. Watch
26. After their children had grown up. Mr. and Mrs. Sills decided ------------- to a condominium in the city.
They‟ve never been sorry.
A. to have moved
B. moving
C. move
D. to move
27. I truly appreciated ------------ to give the commencement address, but I wasn‟t able to accept the honor
because of a previous commitment.
A. asking
B. to have asked
C. to ask
D. having been asked
28. The store manager caught the cashier ------------ money from the cash register and promptly called the
police. They discovered that it had been going on for a long time.
A. to sneak
B. sneaking
C. to have sneaked
D.being sneaked
29. My roommate‟s handwriting is very bad, so he had me ----------his paper for him last night.
A. to type
B. type
C. to have typed
D. boil
30. Although MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) spreads through close contact with sick people, not
through the air, many people still avoid ______ to crowded places.
A. to go
B. having gone
C. gone
D. going
THPT 2015
31. Your hair needs _______. You‟d better have it done tomorrow.
A. cut
B. to cut
C. being cut
D. cutting
32. Our father suggested ______________ to Da Nang for this summer holiday.
2018
A.
to going
B. going
C. go
D. to go
33. Maria decided___________her education after a gap year.
2018
A.
to continue
B. to continuing
C. continue
D. continuing
34. The boy denied _____________ the cake even though there was some cream left on his chin. 2018
A. to eat
B. eat
C. to eating
D. eating
35. He promised ______________ his daughter a new bicycle as a birthday present.
2018
A. buy
B. to buy
C. to buying
D. buying

V. COMPARISONS

A. COMPARATIVE (SO SÁNH HƠN)
1- Tính từ ngắn : ( Short adjectives ): tính từ có một âm tiết hoặc có hai âm tiết tận cùng là : “ y, er, ow, ple, tle ”
S + V + {adj- er/ adv-er} + than + {noun/ pronoun}
Example :
Happy ---- > happier
Easy ---- > Easier
Clever ---- > cleverer
Simple ---- > simpler
Gentle ---- > gentler
2- Tính từ dài : ( long adjectives ) Là tính từ thường có hai âm tiết trở lên
S + V +more+ {adj/ adv} +than + {noun/ pronoun}
B. SO SÁNH NHẤT ( SUPERLATIVE )
1- Tính từ ngắn : ( Short adjectives ).
S + V +the+ {adj- est/ adv-est}
2- Tính từ dài ( long adjectives ).
S + V + the +most+ {adj/ adv}
C. SO SÁNH BẰNG : (SIMILARITY)
S + V + as + {adj/ adv} + as + {noun/ pronoun}
Ex : 1- His car runs as fast as a race car..  S + V + the same + (noun) + as + {noun/ pronoun}
D- SO SÁNH KÉP : ( DOUBLE COMPARISON )
a- Tính từ ngắn : ( Short adjectives )
COMPARATIVE AND COMPARATIVE Ex: - Tom is growing fast. He is getting taller and taller
Adj –er
and
Adj-er
b- Tính từ hoặc trạng từ dài ( long adjectives/ adverbs )
S + V + more and more + Adj / Adv : Ex : - Computers are becoming more and more complicated
2- So sánh kép liên quan đến hai hay nhiều sự vật , hiện tƣợng : .... càng …càng …
The + tính từ so sánh bậc hơn + S + V, The + tính từ so sánh bậc hơn + S + V
( comparative )
,
( comparative )
12


Ex:
- The more money you make, the more you spend
LƢU Ý : MỘT SỐ TÍNH TỪ/ TRẠNG TỪ BẤT QUI TẮC
ADJ / Adv
-1
good / well
-2
bad / badly
-3
far
-4
old
-5
much
-6
many
-7
little

-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7

COMPARATIVE
Better
Worse
Farther/further
Older/elder
More
More
less

SUPERLATIVE
-1
best
-2
worst
-3
farthest/furthest
-4
oldest/eldest
-5
most
-6
most
-7
least

EXERCISE : Choose the best answer:

1. The more you talk about the situation, ______
A. it seems worse
B. the worse does it seem C. the worse it seems
D. it seems the worse
2. The larger the apartment, the ................... the rent.
A. expensive
B. more expensive
C. expensively
D. most expensive
3. The faster we walk,………….. we will get there.
A. the soonest
B. the soon
C. the more soon
D. the sooner
4. “ Why did you buy these oranges? ” “They were ……….….. I could find. ”
A. cheapest
B. cheapest ones
C. the cheapest ones
D. the most cheapest
5. She plays the piano …………… as she sings.
A. as beautifully
B. more beautifully
C. as beautiful
D. the most beautifully
6. The streets are getting more and …………… these days.
A. crowded
B. less crowded
C. more crowded
D. most crowded
7. Tom‟s sister is five years ______ than he is.
TN 2013
A. the oldest
B. older
C. the eldest
D. elder
8. You must explain your problems …………....
A. as clear as you can
B. as clearly as you can
C. as clear than you are
D. as clearly you are
9. After the new technique had been introduced, the factory produced ___ cars in 2014 as the year before. 2015
A. twice many as
B. as twice many
C. as many twice
D. twice as many
10. Which woman are you going to vote for? –I‟m not sure. Everyone says that Joan is………….
A. smarter
B. the smarter
C. more smarter
D. more smart
11. Bill is ………………
A. lazier and lazier
B. more and more lazy
C. lazier and more lazy
D. more lazy and lazier
12. It‟s too noisy here. Can we go somewhere …………………?
A. noisier
B. more quiet
C. more noisy
D. quieter
14. China is the country with…………………..population.
A. the larger
B. the more large
C. the largest
D. the most large
15. She sat there quietly, but during all that time she was getting………… .Finally she exploded.
A. more and more angry
B. the more angry
C. angrier and angrier
D. the most angry
16. For ……………….., it is certain that in the future some things will be very different.
A. the better or the worse
B. the good or the bad C. good or bad
D. better or worse
17. Her grandfather‟s illness was…………………..we thought at first.
A. more seriously as
B. as seriously as
B. more serious than
D. as serious than
18. My brother was feeling tired last night, so he went to bed…………..usual.
A. more early than
B. as early as
C more earlier as
D. earlier than
19._______ you study for these exams, _______ you will do.
A. The harder / the better B. The more / the much C. The hardest / the best D. The more hard / the
more good
20. The better the weather is, ______.
THPT 2017
A. the most crowded the beaches get
B. the most the beaches get crowded
13


C. the more crowded the beaches get
22. The more you practise speaking English,

D. the more the beaches get crowded
.
2017

A. the more fluently you can speak it
C. the more you can speak it fluent

B. the more fluent you can speak it
D. the more you can speak it fluently

VI. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
Type 1:
If + S + V(simple present), S + V(simple future)
Type 2:
If + S + V(past subjunctive/ simple past), S + would/ could/ might + bare inf
Type 3:
If + S + had + PP , S + would/ could/ might + have + PP
WISH clauses: Ta có thể dùng WISH như câu điều kiện để diễn đạt mong muốn ở quá khứ, hiện tại hoặc tương lai.
Note: - If ....... not = Unless (trừ khi)
Ex: If you don't hurry, you'll be late for school. <=> Unless you hurry, you'll be late for school.
- As long as/ So long as/ Provided (that)/ Providing (that)/ On condition that + Clause ( với điều kiện)
Ex: As long as you drive carefully, you can use my car. = If you drive carefully, you can use my car.
- Đảo ngữ của câu điều kiện loại (bỏ IF): Dùng SHOULD (1), WERE (2), HAD (3)
- Kết hợp ĐK Loại II + Loại III
Eg: He isn't a rich man now because he didn't take my advice. →If he had taken my advice, he would be a rich man now.
EXERCISE: Choose the best answer for each of the following sentences

1) If he didn't have to work today, he_________________his children to the zoo.
A. will take
B. takes
C. would take
D. has taken
2) If it __________ tomorrow, we may postpone going on a picnic.
A. rains
B. will rain
C. shall rain
D. raining
3) Were I offered the job, I think I ………. it.
a. take
b. will take
c. would take
d. would have taken.
4) If you didn‟t get rid of smoking_______.
TN 2011
A. you will affect your health
B. your health wouldn‟t affect
C. your health would be affected
D. your health will be affected
5) The bad weather caused serious damage to the crop. If only it ______ warmer.
A. were
B. had been
C. has been
D. was
6) _____, we couldn‟t have continued with the project.
TN 2009
A. If you hadn‟t contributed positively
B. Even if you didn‟t like to contribute
C. Provided your contribution wouldn‟t come
D. Unless we had your contribution
7) If I were you, I ______ for thatintensive English course.
TN 2013
A. will apply
B. would apply
C. applied
D. apply
8) If he …………………..my advices the day before, he ……………….so nervous now.
a. had taken/ wouldn‟t have been b. would take/ hadn‟t been c. took/ wouldn‟t be d. had taken/
wouldn‟t be
9) If no measures were taken to protect the environment, our lives ………………..in danger.
a. will be
b. would be
c. would have been
d. were.
10) Should I find it, I ………you immediately.
a. will tell
b. would tell
c. had told
d. told
11) If I had known you were in hospital, I …………to see you.
a. will go
b. would go
c. went
d. would have gone.
12) Without his help yesterday, we …………………..a lot of difficulties.
a. would have got
b. would get
c. will be getting
d. had got
13) They didn't offer me the job. I wish they ______ it to me.
A. offered
B. would offer
C. had offered
D. offer
14) I…………..out if I hadn‟t been so tired.
14


a. will go
b. went
c. would have gone
d. would go
15) ………. ………..a camera, I would have taken some pictures.
a. If I have had
b. Had I
c. If I had
d. Had I had
16) You won‟t pass the examination……………you study more.
a. as long as
b. unless
c. if
d. whether
17) ......................................................... through, it would have been a good crop.
a. If the storm didn't sweep
b. Would a storm not
have swept
c. Had a storm not swept
d. Didn't a storm sweep
18. If I ................. the competition, I ............. on a world cruise.
a. win/ will go
b. had won/ would have gone
c. won/ would go
d. won/ would have gone
19. What would happen if you ……………..to work tomorrow?
a. don‟t go
b. didn‟t go
c. won‟t go
d. wouldn‟t go
20. If I had enough money, I ……… abroad to improve my English.
a. will go
b. should go
c. would go
d. should have go to
21. ……………………….., he would have been able to pass the exam.
A. Studying more
B. Had he studied more
C. If he studied more D. If he were studying more
22. I wish that some day I ___________ able to marry her.
A. will be
B. am
C. would be
D. had been
23. _______ my mother‟s encouragement, I wouldn‟t have made such a daring decision.
A. Until
B. In spite
C. But for
D. Providing
24. If it ______ for the heavy storm, the accident would not have happened.
A. isn‟t
B. hadn‟t been.
C. were
D. weren‟t
25. Susan regretted not buying that villa.
A. Susan wished she had bought that villa.
B. Susan wished she bought that villa.
C. Susan wished she could buy that villa.
D. Susan wished she hadn‟t bought that villa.
26. “If I were you, I would do morning exercise regularly,” said John.
TN 2012
A. John asked me to do morning exercise regularly. B. John prevented me from doing morning exercise
regularly.
C. John congratulated me on doing morning exercise regularly. D. John advised me to do morning exercise
regularly.
28. I‟m afraid he won‟t get over his illness.
A. I wish he will get over his illness.
B. I wish he would get over his illness.
C. I wish he got over his illness.
D. I wish he had got over his illness.
29. Students will not be allowed into the exam room if they ______ their student cards.
A. produced
B. hadn‟t produced
C. didn‟t produce
D. don‟t produce THPT
2015
30. If Martin were here now, he ______________ us to solve this diíĩícult problem.
A. would help
B. helps
C. will help
D. has helped
2018

VII. INVERSION

1. Đảo ngữ với NO và NOT, các trạng từ phủ định Never, Rarely, Seldom, Little, Hardly ever,.....
No/ Not/ Never/ Rarely/ Seldom /Little/ Hardly ever + auxiliary + S + V
Eg: Never in mid-summer does it snow. / No money shall I lend you from now on
2. Đảo ngữ với ONLY
only after/ by/ later/ then/ in this way ……+ auxiliary + S + V
Eg: Only after all guest had gone home could we relax. /Only when I understand her did I like her
3. Đảo ngữ với các cụm từ có No
At no time / On no condition/ Under (in) no circumstances / For no searson
15


In no way / No longer
Eg: For no reason whall you play truant./ On no condition shall we accept their proposal.
4.. No sooner.... than....
= Hardly/ Bearly/ Scarely.... When
Eg: No sooner had I arrived home than the telephone rang.
Hardly had she put up her umbrella before the rain becam down in torrents.
5. Đảo ngữ với Not only .... but.... also ....
Not only + auxiliary + S + V but.... also....
Eg: Not only is he good at E but he also draw very well.
Not only does he sing well but he also plays musical instruments perfectly.
6. Đảo ngữ với SO
So + adj/ adv + auxiliary + S + V + that clause
Eg: So dark is it that I can't write./ So difficult was the exam that few student pass it.
7. Đảo ngữ với until/ till + clause/ adv of time + auxiliary + S + V
Eg: I won't come home till 10 o'clock = Not until/ till o'clock that I will come home
I didn't know that I had lost my key till I got home = Not until/ till I got home did I know that I had lost my key.
8. Đảo ngữ với câu điều kiện
a. Câu điều kiện loại 1: If clause = should + S + V
If she come late she will miss the train Should she come late she will miss the train
b. Câu điều kiện loại 2: If clause = Were S + to V/ Were + S
If I were you I would work harder = Were I you...
If I knew her I would invite her to the party = Were I to know her...
c. Câu đk loại 3: If clause = Had + S + PII

Exercise 1: Choose the best answer for each question.
1. ______ he arrived at the busstop when the bus came.
A. No longer has
B. No sooner had
C. Not until had
D. Hardly had
2. In no circumstances ________ on campus.
A. smoking should be allowed
B. should allow smoking
C. we should allow smoking
D. should smoking be allowed.
3. ______ at school yesterday when we were informed that there was no class due to a sudden power cut.
A. We had arrived hardly
B. We have hardly arrived
C. Hardly we had arrived
D. Hardly had we arrived THPT 2015
4. George wouldn't have met Mary_______ to his brother's graduation party.
A. had he not gone
B. hadn't he gone C. if he has not gone
D. if he shouldn't have gone
5. No sooner……………….my car than the alarm went off.
A. the thief touched
B. the thief had touched
C. did the thief touch
D. had the thief touched
6. ………………..did I realize that the murderer was still in the house
A. Only then
B. only after
C. Under no circumstances D. Seldom
7. ………………………… that she burst into tears.
A. So angry was she
B. Such her anger
C. She was so anger
D. Her anger was so
8. ……………………….., he would have been able to pass the exam.
A. Studying more B. Had he studied more C. If he studied more
D. If he were studying more
9. …………….received law degrees as today.
A. Never so many women have
B. Never have so many women
C. The women have never
D. Women who have ever
10. No sooner______ my car than the alarm went off.
A. the thief touched
B. touched the thief
C. the thief had touched
D. had the thief touched
11.________, he couldn‟t finish that test in 60 minutes.
A. As the boy was intelligent __
B. Intelligent as the boy was
C. As intelligent the boy was __
D. Intelligent as was the boy
12. Only after he ______________ the job as a computer programmer did he realise how much he loved it.
A. has left
B. had left
C. was leaving
D. would leave 2018
16


Exercise 2: Rewrite the sentences, using inversions.
1. Her grief was so great that she almost fainted.
–> So………………………………………….
2. He got down to writing the letter as soon as he returned from his walk.
–> No sooner……………………………………………………..
3. She had hardly begun to speak before people started interrupting her.
–> Hardly……………………………………………………………..
4. I only realized what I had missed when they told me about it later.
–> Only when……………………………………………………
5. You won‟t find a more dedicated worker anywhere than Mrs John.
–> Nowhere…………………………………………..
6.–> The outcome of the election was never in doubt.
–> At no time…………………………………….
7. He forgot about the gun until he got home.
–> Not until………………………………
8. The only way you can become a good athlete is by training hard everyday.
–> Only by…………………………………………………………

VIII. RELATIVE CLAUSES
1. Relative clauses
- Mệnh đề quan hệ (hay mệnh đề tính ngữ) bổ nghĩa cho danh từ đứng trước nó, thường được bắt đầu bằng các đại từ quan
hệ: WHO, WHOM, WHICH, THAT, WHOSE, và trạng từ quan hệ: WHERE, WHY, WHEN.
Danh từ đứng trƣớc
Chủ ngữ (Subject)
Tân ngữ
Sở hữu cách
(Antecedent)
(Object)
(Possesive Case)
Who/That
Whom/That
Whose
Ngƣời (person)
Which/That
Which/That
Of which/ whose
Vật (Thing)
- THAT: thay thế cho WHO/ WHOM/ WHICH trong MĐQH hạn định
* Những trƣờng hợp thƣờng dùng THAT:
- Sau cụm từ quan hệ vừa chỉ người và vật:
- Sau đại từ bất định: something, aynyone, nobody, all, much .... Ex: I‟ll tell you something that is very interesting.
- Sau các tính từ so sánh nhất, only, first, last
Ex: - This is the most beautiful dress that I have.
* Những trƣờng hợp không dùng THAT:
- Trong mệnh đề tính từ không hạn định. Ex: Mr Brown, that we studied English with, is a very nice teacher.
- Sau giới từ
Ex: The house in that I was born is for sale.
2. Trạng từ quan hệ (Relative Adverbs)
a. WHERE (in/ on/ at ... which): thay thế cho cụm từ chỉ nơi chốn
Ex: - The movie theater is the place. We can see films at that place.
 The movie theater is the place (at which) where we can see films.
b. WHEN (in/ on which): thay thế cho cụm từ chỉ thời gian
Ex: - Do you remember the day. We first met on that day.  Do you remember the day (on which) when we first met?
c. WHY (for which): thay thế cho cụm trạng từ chỉ lí do
Ex: - Tell me the reason. You are so sad for that reason.  Tell me the reason (for which) why you are so sad.
3. Rút gọn Mệnh đề quan hệ (Khi Đại từ quan hệ làm chủ ngữ trong MĐQH)
WHO/ WHICH/ THAT + S + V
 V-ING (V Ở CHỦ ĐỘNG)
 V-ED (V Ở BỊ ĐỘNG)
 To-V(inf) (The first/ second/ only…)+N + who/ which+ S-V
4. Tỉnh lƣợc Đại từ quan hệ (Khi đại từ quan hệ làm tân ngữ trong MĐQH)
Exercises:

1. These secretaries were the only people _______.
A. got a pay rise
B. get pay rise

C. to get a pay rise
17

TN 2012
D. be getting pay rise


2. That was the reason..........he didn't marry her.
A. when
B. where
C. why
D. which
3. Dr. Fleming, ______ discovered penicillin, was awarded the Nobel Prize of Medicine in 1945.
TN 2013
A. who
B. that
C. which
D. whom
4. The film ……………….. on TV lastnight was really interesting.
A. we see
B. we saw
C. which we saw it D. that seen
5. The land and the people..........I have met are nice.
A. who
B. whom
C. which
D. that
6. He read the Old Man and The Sea, a novel ………….by Ernest Hemingway.
A. written
B. which written
C. writing
D. that wrote
7. There were ten athletes______ in the final round.
TN 2013
A. competing
B. sharing
C. taking
D. requiring
8. Do you know the man …………… over there?
A. stand
B. stood
C. stands
D. standing
9. The program ……………….. into this computer works properly.
A. install
B. installing
C. installed
D. installs
10. He talked about the books and the authors..........interested him.
A. who
B. that
C. which
D. whom
11. Question 6:Neil Armstrong is the first man ______ foot on the moon.
TN 2013
A. set
B. to be set
C. to set
D. setting
12. Dec 26th, 05 was the day..........the terrible tsunami happened.
A. when
B. where
C. which
D. why
13. The woman..........lives next my door is doctor.
A. who
B. whom
C. which
D. whose
14. Two thieves _______ at a bus stop were arrested yesterday.
TN 2011
A.wait
B. waiting
C. having waited.
D. were waiting
15. The boy..........eyes are brown is my son.
A. who
B. whom
C. which
D. whose
16. The boys ……………. tennis over there are my new neighbor.
A. who plays
B. playing
C. that playing
D. are playing
17. The town..........we are living is noisy and crowded
A. where
B. in where
C. which
D. at which
18. The vegetables________ in this supermarket are always fresh.
TN 2012
A. which sold
B. sold
C. sells
D. which sells
19. The worker..........house is next to mine died this morning.
A. whose
B. whom
C. which
D. whose
20. The lady..........son went on a picnic with us last weekend is a teacher at our school.
A. who
B. whom
C. whose
D. that
21. That is the place..........the accident occurred.
A. where
B. which
C. on which
D. that
22. Jill isn't on the phone,..........makes it difficult to contact her.
A. which
B. that
C. who
D. it
23. Mrs. Smith, _______ has a lot of teaching experience, is going to join our school in September. TN 2012
A. whom
B. that
C. who
D. whose
24. The receptionist, ______ answered the phone, told me that the director was out.
A. whose
B. whom
C. who
D. that
THPT 2015
25. The book ______ you gave me is very interesting.
THPT 2017
A. when
B. which
C. who
D. where
18


26. The people
live in this village are very friendly.
2017
A. who
B. where
C. which
D. when
27. Once _______ in the UK, the book will definitely win a number of awards in regional book fairs.
A. is published
B. having published
C. published
D. publishing
28. : The patients _____________ with the new drug showed better signs of recovery than those
receiving conventional medicine.
2018
A. treated
B. having treated
C. treating
D. who treated
29. Despacito, _____________ over four billion times on YouTube, is one of the most favourite
songs among teenagers worldwide.
2018
A. is viewed
B. which viewed
C. viewing
D. viewed
30. Drastic measures should be taken to tackle the problems ______________ child abuse.
2018
A. involved
B. to involve
C. involving
D. are involving

IIX
X.. R
RE
EPPO
OR
RT
TE
ED
D SSPPE
EE
EC
CH
H
Tóm tắt
A/ Statements
(Câu phát biểu)
B/ Commands
(Câu mệnh lệnh)

Câu gián tiếp (reported speech)
1 * S + V1( said) + (that) + S2+ V2+( ADV of time/ place)
2 * S + V1( told )+ O + (that) + S2+ V2+( ADV of time/ place)
1* S+
V+ (not) + to infinitive
(promise, (dis)agree, refuse, threaten, hope, expect, want, ask, wish, need, dare, offer,
plan, fail, swear, try, pretend, manage, intend, choose, fear, demand, seem, tend…)
2* S + V + O + (not) + to infinitive
(ask, tell, order, beg, allow, remind, encourage, advise, invite, warn, wish, want,
command, force, suspect, forbid, need, permit,urge, recommend…)
3* S + V +(prep) + Ving
(suggest, deny, detest, delay, postpone, keep, risk, avoid, appreciate, admit, miss, practise,
dislike, love, mind, mention, prefer, object to, look forward to, apologize for, feel like,
insist on, think of, dream of, worry about, confess to, approve of…)
4* S + V + O + prep + Ving
(warn…against, blame…for, thank…for, accuse…of, congratulate … on,
discourage…from, forgive…for, prevent…from, stop… from, suspect…of…)

C1/ Wh-questions

1*
2*
3*
1*
2*
3*

C2/ Yes-no questions

S + asked + (O) + wh-… + clause (S+V)
S + wondered
+ wh-… + clause (S+V)
S + wanted to know + wh-… + clause (S+V)
S + asked + (O)
+ if / whether + clause (S+V)
S + wondered
+ if /whether + clause (S+V)
S + wanted to know + if / whether + clause (S+V)

Những trƣờng hợp không thay đổi thì của động từ:
a. Khi động từ tường thuật ở thì hiện tại hoặc tương lai
Ex: She says to me: "I like classical music".
→ She tells me she likes classical music.
b. Nếu câu trực tiếp là câu điều kiện loại 2 và loại 3
Ex: "If the weather were fine, we could go camping", Peter said.
→ Peter said if the weather were fine, they could go camping.
c. Nếu trong câu trực tiếp có các trợ động từ: should, would, could, ought to, might, used to, had better
Ex: "You should practice speaking English every day" the teacher said to Mai.
→ The teacher said that Mai should practice speaking English every day.
d. Thì quá khứ giả định (past subjunctive) vẫn giữ nguyên sau: (I) wish ..., would rather ..., It‟s time...
Ex: She said “I wish I had a lot of books.”
→ She told me she wished she had a lot of books.
e. Thì hiện tại đơn diễn tả 1 sự thật hiển nhiên, 1 chân lí
Ex: She said " Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius."
→ She said that water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
19


EXERCISES:
1) She asked me……..the seat………..or not
a. If / had occupied b. Whether / was occupied c. If / has been occupied d. Whether/ occupied
2. The policeman asked us………..
a. had any of us seen the accident happen
b. If had any of us seen the accident happen
c. Whether any of us had seen the accident happen
d. that if any of us had seen the accident happen
3. I asked him………..,but he said nothing
a. what the matter was
b. what was the matter c. the matter was what d. what‟s the matter was
4. Tom asked Janet where _____ the previous Sunday.
TN 2012
A. had she been
B. she had been
C. she has been
D. has she been
5. I wonder………….we‟ll catch the bus………we‟ll take a taxi
a. if / and whether
b. whether / or that
c. if / or that
d. whether / or whether
6. Excuse me. Could you tell me………………?
a. what time is it
b. what is the time
c. what time it is
d. it is what time
7. We wonder……….from his office after that scandal
a. why did he not resign
b. why he did not resign
c. why he not resign
d. why didn‟t he resign
8. Jeff wanted to know……………..
a. that why were his friends laughing
b. why were his friends laughing
c. why his friends were laughing
d. the reason why his friends laughing
9. She regretted to tell him that______.
A. she was leaving the tickets at home
B. she had left the tickets at home
C. the tickets at home would be left
D. she would have left the tickets at home
10. She…………him whether he liked the steak she cooked
a. asks
b. wondered
c. wanted to know
d. asked
11. His neighbors sometimes wondered……….he did for a living
a. why
b. when
c. where
d. what
12. Could you please tell me……………?
a. It is how far to the nearest bus stop
b. how far is it to the nearest bus stop
c. how far to the nearest bus stop is it
d. how far it is to the nearest bus stop
13. He asked me…………….
a. How long you have studied English
b. How long had you studied English
c. How long you had study English
d. How long you had studied English
14. "No, I won't go to work at the weekend," said Sally.
THPT 2017
A. Sally refused to go to work at the weekend.
B. Sally promised to go to work at the weekend.
C. Sally apologized for not going to work at the weekend. D. Sally regretted not going to work at the weekend.
15: “If I hadn‟t had so much work to do, I would have gone to the movies.” said the boy.
A. As the boy did not have much work to do, he went to the movies.
B. They boy said that if he hadn‟t had so much work to do, he would have gone to the movies.
C. The boy explained the reason why he had so much work to do that he couldn‟t go to the movies.
D. The boy didn‟t want to go to the movies because he did have so much to do.

X. ADVERBIAL CLAUSES & CONJUNCTIONS
1. Clauses and Phrases of PURPOSE (Chỉ mục đính)
- to/ in order to/ so as to + Verb (infinitive) ; - so that/ in order that + S-V
2. Clauses of time (when, while, before, after, since, till, until, as soon as, by, ...)
Lƣu ý: Trong MĐTN chỉ thời gian ta không dùng thì tƣơng lai.
3. Clauses and Phrases of concession:
although, although, even though (+ S-V)
no matter what (whatever)/ no matter how (however)/ no matter who (whoever)
despite, in spite of + Noun/ V-ing
20


4. Clauses of manner: as/ as if/ as though (Dùng nhƣ câu điều kiện 1, 2, 3)
5. Clause and phrases of reason: because/ since/ as + S-V; because of / for (+N/ V-ing)

EXERCISE:
1.
2.

I like reading books________ this is a good way to get information.
TN 2012
A. because
B. because of
C. so that
D. in order to
Most of the pupils are _____ to pass the examination.
A. enough good
B. good enough
C. too good

D. very
good
3. The lesson _____ for me to understand.
A. is very difficult
B. too difficult
C. difficult too
D. is too difficult
4.
John has worked very late at night these day, _______ he is physically exhausted.
A. yet
B. therefore
C. because
D. so
5.
_______ Peter gets here, we will congratulate him.
A. As soon as
B. After
C. No sooner
D. Since
6.
Mary jogs everyday ______ lose weight.
A. so she can
B. so that she can
C. because she can
D. so that to
7. You should look up the meaning of the new in the dictionary _____ misuse it
A. so as to
B. to
C. so as not to
D. so that
8. He lighted the candle ______ he might read the note.
A. so that
B. and
C. because
D. as a result
9.
_______, I will give him the report.
A. When he will return B. When he returns C. Until he will return
D. No sooner he
returns
10. _______ the firemen arrived to help, we had already put out the fire.
A. Until
B. No sooner
C. By the time
D. After
11. Last night, the train was delayed ____ the flood.
A. beacause
B. since
C. even though
D. because of
TN
2011
12. Maria tried to read a novel in French ________ the book was too difficult for her to understand.
a. so that
b. therefore
c. but
d. and
13. To get from Vancouver to Victoria, you can fly, ________ you can ride the ferry.
a. or
b. but
c. so
d. however
14.
_______ of the difficulty, they managed to climb to the top of the mountain.
A. In spite
B. Despite
C. But
D. Although
15. Despite _______, we knew that he was guilty.
A. denied
B. of denying
C. he denied
D. his denial
16. I am afraid that the company is in deep trouble. ________, we are going to make some people redundant.
a. Therefore
b. However
c. But
d. And
17. _______ the dance, Jerry said good-bye to his girlfriend.
A. Before left
B. Before he leaves C. Before leaving
D. Before he will leave
18. Jones _______ after everyone _______.
A. speaks / will eat
B. will speak / has eaten
C. is speaking / eats
D. has spoken / will have eaten
19. He turned off the lights before going out _____ waste electricity.
A. so that not
B. as not to
C. in order that not
D. so as not to
20. The school boys are in hurry ______ they will not be late for school.
A. so as to
B. to
C. in order that
D. for
21. The teacher was explaining the lesson slowly and clearly_____.
21


A. to make his students to understand it
B. in order that his students can understand it
C. so as to that his students could understand it
D. so that his students could understand it
22. The boy always does his homework before class ______.
A. so as not to be punished by the teacher
B. so as to be punished by the teacher
C. so that not to be punished by the teacher
D. in order that not to be punished by the teacher
23/. _________ having the best qualifications among all the applicants, Justin was not offered the job.
A. Although
B. While
C. In spite of
D. Despite of
24/. ________ the internet is very popular, many older people do not know how to use it.
A. However
B. Nevertheless
C. Even though
D. Despite
25/. Mery usually goes to parties. She likes meeting people and crowded places ________she is rather shy.
A.In spite of
B. Even though
C. On the contrary
D. In other words
26/. They were brave and persistent._________, they had no chance of winning.
A. However
B. While
C. Although
D. Whereas
27/. Bob has been working very hard these days. ________, he can‟t afford to buy a new car.
A. While
B. Even though
C.Though
D. Nevertheless
28/. __________ what she prepared for the job interview, Megan didn‟t pass it.
A. Despite of
B. In spite of
C. Though
D. However
29/. Despite the fact that _______, we enjoyed our trip.
A. the weather is bad
B. it is a bad weather C. the bad weather
D. the weather was bad
30/. Bruce was not praised_________ he was a hard worker.
A. despite
B. in spite of
C. although
D. despite of
CONJUNCTIONS: Choose the correct answer.
1. The sky was gray and cloudy. ________, we went to the beach.
A. Consequently
B. Nevertheless
C. Even though
D. In spite of
2. Question 10:Our flight from Bangkok to London was delayed ______ the storm.
TN 2013
A. since
B. because of
C. in spite of
D. because
3. Sam and I will meet you at the restaurant tonight ________ we can find a baby-sitter.
A. although
B. unless
C. otherwise
D. only if
4. Carol showed up for the meeting ________ I asked her not to be there.
A. even though
B. despite
C. provided that
D. because
5. You must lend me the money for the trip. ________, I won‟t be able to go.
A. Consequently
B. Nevertheless
C. Otherwise
D. Although
6. The road will remain safe ________ the flood washes out the bridge.
A. as long as
B. unless
C. providing that
D. since
7. The roles of men and women were not the same in ancient Greece. For example, men were both participants
and spectators in the ancient Olympics. Women, ________ were forbidden to attend or participate.
A. nevertheless
B. on the other hand C. therefore
D. otherwise
8. The windows were all left open. _____, the room was a real mess after the windstorm.
A. Nevertheless
B. However
C. Consequently
D. Otherwise
9. It looks like they‟re going to succeed ________ their present difficulties.
A. despite
B. because of
C. even though
D. yet
10. ________ Marge is an honest person, I still wonder whether she‟s telling the truth about the incident.
A. In spite of
B. Since
C. Though
D. In the event that
11. The professor told me that I was doing well, ________ my final grade was awful!
A. so
B. therefore
C. in spite of
D. yet
12. ________ Beth has a new car, she no longer takes the commuter train to work. She drives to work every
day.
A. Now that
B. While
C. Although
D. In case
13. You‟d better give me your answer quickly, ________ I‟ll withdraw the invitation.
A. although
B. nevertheless
C. even though
D. or else
22


14. What time do you expect Ted to be home? I must talk to him. I usually go to bed around ten, but tell him to
call me tonight ________ it‟s past midnight.
A. however
B. in case
C. even if
D. as long as
15. ____ you‟re going to the fruit market, would you please pick up a few apples for me?
A. Even if
B. Although
C. So
D. As long as
16. I guess I‟m a soft touch. I just lent Jan some money for lunch ______ she never paid me back my last loan.
A. even though
B. unless
C. or else
D. only if
17. I think I did okay in my speech last night _____ I‟d had almost no sleep for 24 hours.
A. even
B. in spite of
C. unless
D. despite the fact that
18. I asked Angela to run the office while I‟m gone _______ I know I can depend on her.
A. unless
B. since
C. although
D. therefore
19. I am afraid that the company is in deep trouble. ________, we are going to make some people redundant.
A. Therefore
B. However
C. But
D. And
20. ________ the salary meets my expectations. I will accept the job offer.
A. Due to
B. Even if
C. Provided that
D. Unless
21. To power their inventions, people have made use of natural energy sources, ____ coal, oil, water, and steam.
A. in addition to
B. as
C. and they use
D. such as
22. ________ excellent art museums, Moscow has a world-famous baler company.
A. Because of
B. In spite of
C. In case of
D. In addition to
23. Alex cannot express himself clearly and correctly in writing. He will never advance in his job ________ he
improves his language skills.
A. otherwise
B. if
C. only if
D. unless
24. ________ there was no electricity, I was able to read because I had a candle.
A. Unless
B. Even though
C. Even
D. Only if
25. “Take a square type _______ you have a puncture on the way to the beech”.
A. unless
B. so that
C. in case
D. if
26. I won‟t change my mind______ what you say.
A. whether
B. no matter
C. because
D. although
27. “You can go to the party tonight______ you are sober when you come home.”
A. as well as
B. as far as
C. as long as
D. as soon as
28. ______I might, I couldn‟t open the door.
A. No matter
B. As try
C. Try as
D. However hard
29. “______ you treat him, he‟ll help you. He‟s so tolerant.”
A. In addition to
B. Even though
C. As if
D. No matter how
30. ______ smoking is a causative factor of many diseases, there is no ban on tobacco advertising.
A. However
B. Therefore
C. Although
D. In spite of

XI. QUESTION TAGS
- Câu hỏi đuôi gồm có: chủ ngữ (I/we/you/they/he/she/it/there) và trợ động từ hay động từ đặc biệt.
- Nếu câu phát biểu ở thể khẳng định thì câu hỏi đuôi ở thể phủ định và ngược lại.
STATEMENTS
He is a good boy,
The girl didn't come here yesterday,
They will go away,
She hasn't left,
Let‟s go swimming,

QUESTION-TAGS
isn‟t he?
did she?
won't they?
has she?
shall we?

STATEMENTS
I‟m going to do it again,
Take your seat,
Open the door,
Don‟t be late,
He seldom comes there,

23

QUESTIONTAGS
aren‟t I?
won‟t you?
will you?
will you?
does he?


Choose the word or phrase A, B, C or D that best completes the sentence:
1. No one is better cook than his mother, ______?
A. is she
B. isn‟t she
C. are they
D. aren‟t they
2. Do it right now, ______?
A. will you
B. shall you
C. do you
D. don‟t you
3. There are no easy ways to learn a foreign language, _______?
A. are they
B. are there
C. aren‟t they
D. aren‟t there
4. He seldom goes to the library, ______?
A. doesn‟t he
B. is he
C. does he
D. isn‟t he
5. Don‟t leave anything behind, ______?
A. do you
B. don‟t you
C. will you
D. shall we
6. I think he will join us, _____?
A. doesn‟t he
B. won‟t he
C. will he
D. don‟t I
7. The film is good, _______________?
A. is it
B. are they
C. isn‟t it
D. aren‟t they
8. You are going to the party, ____________?
A. is you
B. are you
C. aren‟t you
D. were you
9. He can speak English, _________________ ?
A. can he
B. can‟t he
C. can‟t him
D. could he
10. You don‟t know him,__________________ ?
A. do you
B. don‟t you
C. are you
D. aren‟t you
11. Lan speaks Chinese very well, __________?
A. does she
B. doesn‟t she
C. is she
D. was she
12. John has worked hard, _________________?
A. does he
B. did he
C. has he
D. hasn‟t he
13. They invited him to the party, ___________?
A. do they
B. don‟t they
C. did they
D. didn‟t they
14. They are leaving here tomorrow________?
A. do they
B. are they
C. aren‟t they
D. did they
15. I‟m a bit late, ______?
A. am not I
B. aren‟t you
C. are you
D. aren‟t I
16. No one is indifferent to praise, ______?
A. is one
B. isn‟t one
C. is he
D. are they
17. Somebody has left these socks on the bathroom floor, ______?
A. have they
B. haven‟t they
C. has he
D. hasn‟t he
18. James owns a restaurant, ______?
A. does he
B. is he
C. doesn‟t he
D. didn‟t he
19. You aren‟t too busy to talk, ______?
A. are you
B. have you
C. aren‟t
D. do you
20. The ticket to London doesn‟t cost a lot, ______?
A. do they
B. does it
C. is it
D. isn‟t it
21. Nobody knows who invited the wheel, ______?
A. do they
B. don‟t they
C. does it
D. doesn‟t it
22. You‟ll be home before midnight, ______?
A. will you
B .won‟t you
C. are you
D. won‟t you be
24


23. David is bringing some wine, ______?
A. is he
B. isn‟t he

C. is David

24. Mary rarely uses social networks, ___________________ ?
A. isn't she
B. does she
C. doesn't she
25. Sue rarely misses a chance to do voluntary work, __________________ ?
A. doesn't she
B. does she
C. is she

D. isn‟t David
D. is she

2018

D. isn't she

2018

EXERCISE 2 : Add tag questions to the following.
1/ They want to come,………………….?
2/ Elizabeth is a dentist, ……………….. ?
3/ They won‟t be here, …………………?
4/ That is your umbrella, ………………….?
5/ There aren‟t many people here yet, …………….. ?
6/ He has a bicycle,……………………?
7/ Peter would like to come with us to the party, ……………………..?
8/ Those aren‟t Fred‟s books, ………?
9/ You have never been to Paris,…………?
10/ Something is wrong with Jane today, ………… ?
11/ Everyone can learn how to swim, ……………… ?
12/ Nobody cheated in the exam, ………………….. ?
13/ Nothing went wrong while I was gone, ………… ?
14/ I am invited, ………………….?
15/ This bridge is not very safe,……………..?

XII. WORD FORM & VOCABULARY
1. A new study group has been set _______ by the government.
A. away
B.out
C.up
D. down
2. Each of us must take ______ for our own actions.
A.probability
B. ability
C. possibility
D. responsibility
3. This machine is ________ easy to install and cheap to operate.
A. compare
B. comparatively
C. comparative
D. comparision
4. Many countries‟ cultural ______ is a result of taking inimmigrants from all over the world.
A. diversified
B. diversity
C. diverse
D. diversify
5. Humans benefit greatly from the many medicines and other products that ………. provides.
A. diversity
B. environment
C. biodiversity
D. habitat
6. An Indian woman has to ………….. more in a marriage than a man
A. determine
B. sacrifice
C. effort
D. do
7. The family has a very important role in ………….. children
A. social
B. socialist
C. socializing
D. socialism
8. I tried not to draw ………….. to the weak points in my argument
A. attention
B. notion
C. intention
D. attraction
9. Buckingham Palace is a major tourist ………….. in London
A. attract
B. attraction
C. attractive
D. attractiveness
10. The salesman left a good _______ on his customers.
A. impression
B. expression
C. idea
D. belief
11. Without ……… I always call Tom for his help when I have trouble
25

2011
2011

2013

2011


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