1.1. The reasons of choosing the topic:
In recent years English has gained a lot of attention from leaders,
parents, students. Almost every elementary school has English rooms and is
invested with many modern equipment. Why is that? Because in the modern age
of information technology, English is a widely used language, the second
language of many countries around the world. A tool to integrate with the world.
Being a pioneer in officially introducing English subject to teaching in primary
schools in Ha Nam province, there are many difficulties. But after 3 years of
implementing the project of teaching foreign languages thanks to the constant
efforts of all levels of industry and very high effort to overcome many
difficulties of English teachers, the first step of English was learned by the
students. Students welcome and study very enthusiastically. Parents are always
attentive to encouragement. As an English teacher, I am very excited to see that
you are very excited when it comes to studying English. They are no longer
afraid to learn English but are afraid of not learning English. So how to prolong
the learning spirit, the passionate attraction of students for English is the
responsibility, the love of career, the innovation, the ceaseless creation in the
lessons of Each of our English teachers.
After a period of time, Thanh hoa Department of Education and
Training went to study and improve foreign language ability, especially the
course on professional skills taught by Hanoi University. I have learnt many
methods and new things that I as well as my colleagues are applying and
Today I would like to present my presentation on the method of
"Attracting students in teaching and testing vocabulary at Thieu Long
1.2. Research purposes.
Teaching is a job with many challenges. Every year, new challenges
arise because the world is changing day by day and teachers must always be
willing to receive and pass on new knowledge to students. mine. One problem
that many teachers suffer is how to introduce vocabulary so that they can not
only understand but also feel interesting. Their young brains will be extremely
pressured by the methods. Introduce and test vocabulary in the way of writing,
cramming and memorizing. If there are no interesting ways to teach and test
vocabulary, then you will consider vocabulary learning to deal with times.
Vocabulary is the most important tool and means of learning English. In
any skill of language learning, vocabulary must be used. So English vocabulary
is the capital, the main tool for English learners.
In a lesson in English, most classes have a vocabulary introduction. In order for
the lesson to achieve high results, students must know how to pronounce and use
words. In order to achieve efficiency, teachers must choose appropriate teaching
methods to make them easy to understand, remember, and use.
At present, English is a new and difficult subject in elementary school,
most students and parents are not really interested. Vocabulary is an important
and indispensable factor in language used for communicative activity. So,
mastering numbers vocabulary is necessary.
1.3. Research subjects:
"Attracting students in teaching and testing
vocabulary at Thieu Long Primary school"
- Students of grade 5, class 5A of Thieu Long primary school.
1.4. Method of research:
To research a topic, people often choose many different methods. With
this topic, I use the following methods:
1 / Theoretical research method
I read the conducting material issues related to my research needs.
2. Learning experience from my colleagues
Attend the colleagues’ lesson to follow their good method.
3. Experimental matching method.
4. Observation method.
5. Visual method and oral method.
Methods of teaching English has been a lot of talking and discussion.
Learn how to best? Teach how to truly quality and efficiency? That's what
concerns the concern myself but every teacher of English. A normal classroom
lessons also need to prepare carefully can teach good and effective.
Teaching vocabulary is only one part of the lesson but it plays an
extremely important role in the success of the whole lesson because of the
practice of sentence patterns, forging fluency, fluency and smooth
communication skills. Whether or not it depends on whether students can read
new words, grasp the meaning and use of vocabulary. So teachers must have
appropriate teaching methods for each lesson. How to make each introduction
and test your vocabulary feel exciting but still effective.
Through practical teaching over the years, I have found that the old
method of teaching and learning vocabulary often takes place in a way: Teachers
read articles and list words that teachers have never appeared in the teaching
process called new words (new words) then the teacher writes all the new words
on the board, explains the meaning in Vietnamese and then reads them a few
times. Make them memorize new words to check in the next lesson. That makes
them boring and pressured
*Statistics table of initial initial survey data:
at the beginning of the
2. CONTENTS INNOVATION.
2.1. Reasoning Base
Vocabulary is one of the most important parts of learning a foreign
language. If you want to be good at English, even if you have any skill:
listening, speaking, reading and writing, you need as much vocabulary as
possible. Previously we had the habit of teaching vocabulary by providing
quantity, meaning of words and making them memorize. This method keeps
repeating in the lessons that make them boring. Now with modern equipment,
we can apply and create many ways to teach interesting, effective and attractive
vocabulary, creating a colorful playground in English. With the scope of this
topic I am not ambitious and not enough to offer all the ways to teach English
vocabulary, but I hope that these methods of teaching vocabulary will help
students learn effectively and Do not feel pressure when learning vocabulary.
Through the teaching process, I would like to introduce some methods
of teaching, testing and learning English vocabulary that I find effective and
interesting for students.
2. 2. Practical basis:
- Any languages in the world, to communicate, it requires us to have a
large amount of vocabulary. Because vocabulary is an indispensable component
in the language used for communication activities. Thus, master the number of
learned words to use is very important.
- In English, we can not train and develop the four skills of listening,
speaking, reading and writing of students without being based on the foundation
of vocabulary. Indeed, if there is no necessary word, students can not listen,
speak, read and write well, even if they have mastered structures.
2. 3. Situations.
- Following the current distribution programs, there are two lessons per week for
English in primary schools, and there are new words in almost lessons. To teach
vocabulary well, lessons must be more vivid and teachers have to make pictures,
maps for illustration, enabling students to easily remember words and draw
attention to their subject or focus on lessons.
- For the students, besides a number of children who study actively, there are
many students learn only to cope with their teachers. They can not remember the
words for a long time and use the words effectively.
- There have been many difficulties for teacher of English because students can
not be helped to study at home by their parents.
Also, the ways students learn vocabulary is also need to be concerned,
students often learn vocabulary by reading words in English and try to
remember that in Vietnamese, they write in their notebooks is just to the deal
with their teachers, not self-consciously check, to inculcate new words .
Therefore, they are forgetful and easily confused these words with other words.
As a result, many students get bored and forget the words. So teachers need to
pay attention to this mentality of students.
2. 4. Problems before applying the experience initiative
After analyzing the causes that make students afraid of learning English,
not remember and use vocabulary ineffectively, I take a small survey.
Specifically, in the beginning of the school year, I have taught English for class
5A, after some lessons, I asked students to do a vocabulary test by asking them
to match English words with Vietnamese meaning (Matching):
Match English words with Vietnamese meaning.
2. 5. Innovations or solutions used to solve the problem.
2.5.1 Some methods of teaching English vocabulary in Primary.
a. Use images to teach vocabulary
This is a common way but it brings very high efficiency in introducing
and learning vocabulary. Help students learn words, remember words through
Example 1 : “Unit 1: Lesson 1 - Grade 5”
Example 2 : “Unit 3 : Lesson 1- Grade 5”
Example 3: “Unit 7 : Lesson 1 – Grade 5”
b. Teach vocabulary through song, chant, video clip.
Using video clips, songs, chant is very effective in learning and
introducing vocabulary. Sometimes they just need to belong to the song, the
chant is that they have a relative vocabulary. This method helps children learn
words naturally and comfortably without being forced to learn. With this
method, teachers need to invest time to search on the websites of songs and
chants, video clips that match the lesson content, in accordance with their
physiology. I find using this method to teach and reinforce vocabulary very
Example 1 : “Song - Numbers “”
One and one is two
Two and two is four
Four and one is five
Five and five is ten
- or the song "The big number" but a very good song about numbers,
you can count from 1 to 1 billion and still enjoy it.
Example 2: “Days of the week”
There are seven days
There are seven days
There are seven days in a week
2.5. 2 Method of teaching vocabulary with TPR
- TPR is a type of vocabulary learning that children like to be gentle, attractive,
easy to absorb for students. You can TPR by song, chant (watch video clip and
follow the activity). Or the teacher has just read the word and described the
word in action, they say and follow it.
- clap your hand – clap, clap ,clap : vỗ tay
- Stand up : đứng lên
- sit down : ngồi xuống
- shake your hand : lắc tay
- shake your body : đung đưa cơ thể
- Wash your hand : rửa tay
- brush your teeth: đánh răng
- run : chạy
- swim : bơi
- fly : bay
- ride a bike : đi xe đạp
-sing a song : hát
-read a book : đọc sách
- There are many words and phrases we can teach and learn through
TPR to help the English lessons become more exciting.
a. Give synonyms
Example : Bike = bicycle
Football = soccer
b. Give antonyms.
Like - hate
Fat – thin
Funny - boring
c. Use real objects.
Teachers can point to real objects that are in class and introduce: "a
book", "a pen", "a ruler" ........
The teacher then asks the students to look at the object and guess the
meaning of the word. This method gives them an interest in learning and a high
concentration because the words that teachers recommend are things that are
very close to them everyday and easy to guess for them. Real objects can be
around the classroom or teachers can prepare at home.
Example 2: My School Subjects
2.5. 3. Methods to test vocabulary
a. Check and learn from the topic.
- Family : Grandfather, grandmother, mother, father, brother, sister, uncle,aunt
- Subjects : English, Art , Music, Science, Maths, Vietnamese......
- School things : ruler, rubber, school bag, pencil, pen .........
-Countries : Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, America, Japan........
- Sports : voleyball, football, table-tennis, badminton ...........
b.Give an example.
- The teacher gives a new sentence, asking students to substitute from underlined
Example 1 : What`s the weather like today ?
It`s sunny ......... It`s cloudy ........ It`s hot
Example 2 :
What day is it today ?
It`s Monday....... It`s Tuesday ........ It`s Wednesday
Teachers can instruct students to draw simple pictures so students can
remember longer. With this way, students are easy to learn, easy to remember
and very interested.
2. 5. 4 Check vocabulary through games.
Games are not always a type of entertainment. In fact it can be used to
reinforce the vocabulary introduced in the lesson in a way that appeals to
students in an organized and fun way. So teachers need to know how to use the
games in the lessons so that students can learn while playing so that the lesson is
gently relaxed. However, depending on the specific lesson, the teacher may
choose the game that is appropriate for the purpose of the lesson.
a.Game : Bingo
hide and seek
b. Game : Network
c. Circle game: Students talk to the topic or repeat the words they learned in the
Example 2 : Kiểm tra từ vựng của “Unit 8( Grade 5) – lesson1 ( 1,2 )” với
trò chơi này
Pupil 1 : The legend of watermelon
Pupil 2 : Snow White and the Seven Dawfs
Pupil 3 : Ali baba and 40 thieves
Pupil 4 : The legend of Hoan Kiem Lake
d.Game : Hangman
e.Game : Crossword. “https://gamevui.vn”
f. Slap the board“https://gamevui.vn”
g. Jumbled words. “https://gamevui.vn”
- There are also some other games I have used to test students' vocabulary that
are also interesting and effective: Rub out and remember, What and where,
Whisper, Matching, Guessing game .... ..
2. 5.5. Check vocabulary through pictures.
a. Match words with pictures.
Example : “Unit 2- Lesson 3 ( Grade 5 )”
4. block of flats
b. Look and write words
3. n,y,c,o,l,b,a ................. .
c. Look, read and complete each space with the appropriate word.
Example. “Unit 17, Lesson 2. Grade 3”
Hi, My name is Lan. I am …….. years old. There are four people in my family :
father, ………., brother and me . We are very happy. I like cooking and ………..I
love the pets. I have got three cats and two…………My pets are vevy lovely. I am
playing with my pets in the ……….. now.
d. Look at the pictures and answer the question ( Pupils can give short answers )
Example 1. “Unit 8, Lesson 3. Grade 5”
Teachers can ask students look at the pictures and discuss the questions.
The students can use the short answer.
Teacher :What book is in picture D ?
Pupil : Aladdin and the magic lamp
Example 2. “Unit 19. Lesson 1. Grade 4”
Teacher : What animal is in picture A ?
Pupil : Kangaroo
Teacher : And picture B ?
Pupil : Monkey
Teacher : What about picture C ?
Pupil : Giraffe
Teacher : The next picture ?
Pupil : Tiger
Teacher : And the last picture ?
Pupil : dog
e. Look and read.Write Yes or No.
Example “unit 9, lesson 1. Grade4”
4. Music room
3. Physical Education
f. Circle the odd one out.
With this method, students will remember the topic, topic and logic. From there
remember the word longer, deeper.
2.5. 6. Check vocabulary through listening lessons (Design only to check
a. Listen and tick
Example. “Unit 7, lesson 3. Grade 3”
Key : 1b- Thang Long Primary School
2a- Hoa Sen Primary School
b. Listen and number.
Key :1. Music room 2. Sit down
c .Listen and draw the line.
Example. “ Grade 3”
Key : 1. cars
2. 6. The effectiveness of experience initiatives for educational activities,
with self, colleagues and the school
Through practical application of innovative experiences in schools has
brought a markedly positive results. Teachers participate actively fostering the
bold, the awkward and unusual problems as before when no applicable
experience initiatives. Applying innovative experience shorten the training time
while maintaining the knowledge and skills necessary for them to take the
exam students. Particularly interested students actively learn, explore newer
knowledge. Although the results of students of all levels achieve very high yet,
but this is the premise to help me continue to study and further improvement in
the method of fostering students in the next academic year.
After the implementation of the initiative, the students experience a positive,
proactive learning, eager to participate in the contest, district, provincial and
national level are organized in the last school year. They are confident and
optimistic in their ability to do all.
2. 7: Results:
After applying"Attracting students in teaching and testing vocabulary at
Thieu Long Primary school"
Students’ learning result has been increased significantly. Most of them are
interested in learning and reading English with the following result:
This is the resul of tests of 34 students of class 5A.
Through these tests, my students have achieved significant results. The
best results are exciting atmosphere in classroom, students understand their
lesson. Students communicate confidently and the study result is improved
significantly. In the academic year 2018 - 2019 I have applied "Attracting
students in teaching and testing vocabulary at Thieu Long Primary school"
results indicate academic quality significantly. Number of gifted students
increases. Most students have a more keen in learning English because students
are using English to communicate with teachers and friends in the classroom as
well as in volume. So I see the use of innovative approaches Grade 5 English
program is positive and contributes to improving the quality of teaching myself
3. CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS
3.1. General conclusion
Using techniques to teach and test vocabulary helps students remember
vocabulary more easily, and get more interested in the subject. Each game
helps children focus on learning and communicate better. Then helps them
Each game is an opportunity for students to exchange and consolidate
knowledge and cause students’ excitement in learning.
In teaching process, each teacher must combine knowledge content with
language practice forms appropriately and efficiently.
For the Leader of the department, I would like to suggest to providing
with equipments such as projectors, tape which serve for more effective
teaching and learning.
Constantly fostering teacher’s professional ability of teaching method to
help teacher exchange methods and choose the appropriate teaching methods
for their students.
For the headmaster of the school, I would like to suggest buying
references, dictionaries for English teachers and students.
This is the opinion of the individual I should not avoid these restrictions.
Look forward to the participation of the friends and colleagues.
Please thank the comments of the scientific council!
The confirmation of the headThieu Long, April 9th , 2019
I undertake that I do not copy
(XÁC NHẬN CỦA BGH
(CAM KẾT KHÔNG COPY.)
ĐẶNG THỊ NGỌC BÍCH