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108 2018 IELTS FOUNDATION reading thionline endofcoursetest

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END OF COURSE TEST
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[Truy cập tab Tiếng Anh cho Tân sinh viên – Khóa: IELTS FOUNDATION

SECTION 1
TRUMP’S VICTORY – MIXED REACTIONS
World leaders have congratulated Donald Trump on his surprise win in the U.S. Presidential election on
Tuesday. Other leaders were a little less warm. Mr. Trump defeated his rival Hillary Clinton to become the
USA's 45th President. He will take office on January 20, 2017. He will then be aged 70 years, 7 months
and 6 days. This means he will be the oldest person to become President. In his victory speech, Mr. Trump
told Americans: "Working together, we will begin the urgent task of rebuilding our nation and renewing
the American dream. [We will] have the strongest economy anywhere in the world. At the same time, we
will get along with all other nations willing to get along with us."
Russia's president Vladimir Putin was among the first to congratulate Mr. Trump. He said: "We are ready

to do our part to return Russian-American relations to a stable path of development." China said it looked
forward to working, "in a constructive way that avoided conflict and confrontation". Mexican President
Pena Nieto said: "Mexico and the United States are friends, partners and allies and we should keep
collaborating." France's President Francois Hollande said the result, "opens a period of uncertainty".
Germany's Justice Minister tweeted: "The world won't end, but things will get more crazy." Japan's Prime
Minister Shinzo Abe said: "Hand in hand with Mr Trump, we will try to work together.
Questions 1-8: True or False
Decide whether these statements are True (T) of False (F)
1. Mr Trump says he will make America the world's strongest economy.
2. Donald Trump will become the USA's 45th President.
3. France's leader said he was happy the future is now more certain.
4. The article says Donald Trump's win was no surprise.
5. Vladimir Putin was the first person to congratulate Donald Trump.
6. Mexico's president said the US and Mexico should stop collaborating.
7. Donald Trump will be the oldest person to become U.S. President.
8. Japan's leader said he would work hand in hand with Mr Trump.

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SECTION 2
A GOOD NIGHT
It happens every night—bedtime. But what if you’re not sleepy? Should you still go to bed if you are just
going to lie there with your eyes wide open? It’s a problem that has been around as long as there have been
people trying to sleep.
There are many reasons why you may not be able to fall asleep. You might be excited by everything you
did that day. You might be excited for what you know you’re going to do the next day. Maybe you can’t
sleep because you don’t like sleeping all alone in your room. Maybe you have a recurring nightmare that
you dread. All of these reasons are normal. However, there are some steps you can take to help you fall
asleep. One thing that can help is talking to a parent or another trusted adult about what you’re thinking
about at bedtime. For example, if you’re nervous about taking a test, or upset about being teased at school,
it can really help to tell somebody. Knowing that somebody has heard you can help ease your mind so that
you can rest. Sleeping in a comfortable bed in a quiet and cool room is ideal. If there’s anything about your
room that makes you feel uneasy or anxious at night, like a picture that looks strange in the dark, or a noisy
faucet in a nearby bathroom that leaks drop after drop, be sure to ask one of your parents if it can be moved
or fixed. Making sure electronics are kept away from your bed is also recommended as these devices can
keep you stimulated, making it harder for you to fall asleep. If you are usually restless around bedtime,
doing certain things to relax beforehand may help you fall asleep when you go to bed. Try to take more
time to wind down by taking a warm bath, or listening to a bedtime story at least 30 minutes before you
want to go to sleep. It also helps follow a bedtime routine and go to sleep at the same time every night. As
a result, your body will get the message that it’s almost time to sleep. Your body will know to start feeling
tired.
In order to find the right solution for you, it’s important that you understand what exactly is keeping you
up at night. And it’s okay if you need to reach out to a parent or other adult you trust to figure out why you
are having trouble sleeping. Getting a good night’s sleep is worth the time and effort of finding the right
solution to your sleeping problems.
Questions 9 – 15: Multiple choices
Choose the correct number A, B, C, or D.
9. What can be difficult for people at bedtime?
A. falling asleep
B. moving a picture C. talking to a parent D. taking a warm bath
10. Being unable to fall asleep is a problem described in the passage. What is one solution?
A. not talking to anyone about something that is bothering you
B. staring at a picture that looks strange in the dark
C. going to bed at a different time every night
D. taking more time to wind down before bedtime
11. Read these sentences from the passage: “Maybe you can’t sleep because you don’t like sleeping all
alone in your room. Maybe you have a recurring nightmare that you dread.”
What can be concluded from this information?
A. People have trouble sleeping for the same reason.
B. There is more than one reason that people have trouble sleeping.
C. People mainly can’t sleep because they fear recurring nightmares.
D. People who don’t like sleeping alone usually have nightmares.

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12. Imagine you can’t sleep because you are excited about what you’re going to do tomorrow. Based
on the text, what should you do?
A. keep thinking about what you’re going to do tomorrow until you’re tired
B. get rid of your electronic devices
C. speak to a parent about how you are feeling
D. remove pictures from your room that might look scary at night
13. What is this passage mostly about?
A. different reasons people can’t fall asleep and possible solutions
B. why using electronics at bedtime can make falling asleep more difficult
C. why people may be restless or anxious at bedtime
D. how people can relax before bedtime to help them fall asleep
14. Read the following sentences: “It also helps to follow a bedtime routine and go to sleep at the same
time every night. As a result, your body will get the message that it’s almost time to sleep.” What
does the word “routine” mean above?
A. usual series of things done at a certain time
B. a set of steps people can follow that change daily
C. a process that is not predictable
D. a process people use to research sleeping problems
15. Choose the answer that best completes the sentence below. People can have trouble sleeping for a
variety of reasons, _______ feeling excited or restless.
A. never
B. excluding
C. including
D. in conclusion
Question 16-20: Short answers
Find the information in the passage and answer the following questions with NO MORE THAN TWO
WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER.
16. How many reasons are mentioned when you may not be able to fall asleep?
17. What will your body get when you take steps to fall asleep?
18. What can you do when you are nervous about school tests?
19. What should be kept away from your bed?
20. How much time can you listen to bedtime story before going to bed?

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SECTION 3
DOUBLE VISION
How 3-D TVs use powerful tricks to add depth to the small screen
Blue lasers are shooting past me. Confetti is swirling in front of my eyes. The Black Eyed Peas are singing
and dancing onstage. They seem close enough that I could reach out and touch them. I try, but I grab only
handfuls of air. I’m not really at a Black Eyed Peas concert. I’m in a Best Buy store, watching a concert on
a new three-dimensional (3-D) television. The 3-D effect is amazing, much better in some ways than what
you see in movie theaters. “The closer we get to creating a natural perception environment, the more you
feel like you’re in a scene,” says Brian Schowengerdt, a scientist who studies 3-D display technology at the
University of Washington. But even the newest 3-D TVs fall short of capturing what our eyes and brains
do every day.
Optical Illusions
You may be surprised to learn that the human eye can’t see in 3-D. “We only have access to 2-D images,”
says Schowengerdt. “It’s the job of the brain to interpret a host of cues to determine depth and create a 3-D
image.” The most powerful cue is stereopsis, says Schowengerdt. Stereopsis is the way your two eyes
create a sense of depth by working together. Your eyes look at the same scene from slightly different
angles. The brain compares the different image from each eye and combines the images to create a sense of
depth—of three dimensions.
From the first 3-D movies in the 1920s through today’s cutting-edge TVs, the goal has always been the
same: find a way to project a different image to each eye. The first 3-D movies, which required viewers to
wear eyeglasses with one red lens and one blue lens, used anaglyph technology. Side-by-side projectors
projected two versions of the same movie onto the screen, one version in red, the other in blue. The red
lens in the glasses blocked the light from the red image, and the blue lens blocked the light from the blue
image. So each eye saw a different image, and the brain combined them to create the illusion of depth.
New 3-D movies, such as Avatar and Toy Story 3, use polarized light to direct a separate image to each
eye. Light is normally a collection of waves vibrating in many directions. When light is polarized, all the
waves vibrate in the same direction. Movies using polarized light also employ two images on the same
screen. One image is polarized in one direction; the other, in a different direction. Glasses with polarized
lenses allow only light waves vibrating in a certain direction to reach each eye.
Flickering Lights
Most 3-D TVs use the frame sequential method to create a 3-D effect. You still need special eyeglasses,
which are a bit bulky because they require batteries. The electricity quickly changes the two lenses from
clear to dark. The lenses change very rapidly. When one lens is clear, the other is dark. They flip back and
forth between light and dark more than 100 times a second—so fast, in fact, that each lens looks gray.
Those flippings are synchronized with the TV, which rapidly flashes between two different images. The
TV and the glasses work together. When the TV flashes the image meant for the right eye, the right lens is
clear and the left lens is dark. Then the TV flashes the image meant for the left eye, and the glasses switch
so the left lens is clear.

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Those changes are so quick that your brain doesn’t consciously notice. It processes the images to create a
smooth 3-D scene. “The brain is sensitive to flicker,” Schowengerdt says, “but once you have more than
around 60 flashes per second people tend not to see flicker.” The TVs I saw could flash up to 240 images
per second.
How 3-D TV Works
You see the world in three dimensions because you have two eyes set slightly apart, each one taking in a
slightly different image of the world. Your brain puts those two images together to form a 3-D view.
Three-D TV works in much the same way, enabling the eyes to see what’s happening on the screen from
two different perspectives. All movies and TV shows are a stream of thousands of images flashed on the
screen. On a 3-D TV, each image appears in two versions. The first version of the image can be seen
through only one lens of the 3-D eyeglasses that each TV watcher wears. The second first version of the
image can be seen only through the other lens of the eyeglasses. The viewer’s brain puts the two versions
together to form a 3-D view. The next set of two images then appears one after another. The process
repeats itself for thousands of pairs of images.
Questions 21-30: Gap fill
Fill in the blanks with NO MORE THAN ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER.
21. Brian Schowengerdt says the (21)_______ we get to creating a natural perception environment, the
more you feel like you’re in a (22)________.
22. On a 3-D TV, each image appears in (23)_______ versions.
23. The first version of the image can be seen through only 3-D (24)_______ lens that each TV watcher
wears. The second first version of the image can be seen only through the (25) ____eyeglasses lens.
24. The human eye (26)_______ see in 3-D.
25. The brain (27)_______ the different image from each eye and (28)_______ the images to create
three dimensions.
26. New 3-D movies use (29)______light to direct a separate image to each eye.
27. Schowengerdt says the brain is (30)________ to flicker but once you have more than around
(31)_____ flashes per second people tend not to see flicker.”

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