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Từ vựng Tiếng Anh lớp 11 theo từng unit (có bài tập)

SUNFLOWER ENGLISH 11

UNIT 1 THE GENERATION GAP
1

Independent

adj

/ˌɪn.dɪˈpen.dənt/

2

Respect

v

/rɪˈspekt/

3


Corporal

adj

/ˈkɔː.pər.əl/

4

Punishment

n

/ˈpʌn.ɪʃ.mənt/

5

Impact

n

/ˈɪm.pækt/

6

Adopt

v

/əˈdɒpt/

7

Divorce

n

/dɪˈvɔːs/

8

Legal

adj

/ˈliː.ɡəl/

9

Responsibility

n

/rɪˌspɒn.sɪˈbɪl.ə.ti/

10

Alternative

n

/ɒlˈtɜː.nə.tɪv/

11

Visitation

n

/ˌvɪz.ɪˈteɪ.ʃən/

12

Temporary

adj

/ˈtem.pər.ər.i/

13

Widow

n

/ˈwɪd.əʊ/

14

Custody

n

/ˈkʌs.tə.di/

15

Foster

v

/ˈfɒs.tər/

16

Blend

n

/blend/

17

Precious

adj

/ˈpreʃ.əs/

not influenced or
controlled in any way by
other people, events, or
things
to feel or show admiration
for someone or something
that you believe has good
ideas or qualities
of or relating to the body
the act of punishing
someone
the force or action of one
object hitting another
to legally take another
person's child into your
own family and take care
of him or her as your own
child
an official or legal process
to end a marriage
connected with the law
something that it is your
job or duty to deal with
something that is different
from something else,
especially from what is
usual, and offering the
possibility of choice
an official visit from
someone important
not lasting or needed for
very long
a woman whose husband
or wife has died and who
has not married again
the legal right or duty to
care for someone or
something, especially a
child after its parents
have separated or died
to take care of a child,
usually for a limited time,
without being the child's
legal parent
a mixture of different
things or styles
of great value because of
being rare, expensive, or
important
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SUNFLOWER ENGLISH 11

18

Consistent

adj

/kənˈsɪs.tənt/

19

Curfew

n

/ˈkɜː.fjuː/

20

Burden

n

/ˈbɜː.dən/

21

Sibling

n

/ˈsɪb.lɪŋ/

22

Impose

v

/ɪmˈpəʊz/

23

Mature

adj

/məˈtʃʊər/

24

Ritual

n

/ˈrɪtʃ.u.əl/

25

Object

v

/əbˈdʒekt/

26

Persuade

v

/pəˈsweɪd/

27

Retire

v

/rɪˈtaɪər/

28

Expense

n

/ɪkˈspens/

29

Emergency

n

/ɪˈmɜː.dʒən.si/

30

Dismiss

v

/dɪˈsmɪs/

31

Enforce

v

/ɪnˈfɔːs/

always behaving or
happening in a similar,
especially positive, way
a rule that everyone must
stay at home between
particular times, usually at
night, especially during a
war or a period of political
trouble
a heavy load that you
carry
a brother or sister
to officially force a rule,
tax, punishment, etc. to
be obeyed or received
Mature people behave like
adults in a way that
shows they are well
developed emotionally
a set of fixed actions and
sometimes words
performed regularly,
especially as part of a
ceremony
to feel or express
opposition to or dislike of
something or someone
to make someone do or
believe something by
giving them a good
reason to do it or by
talking to that person and
making them believe it
to leave your job or stop
working because of old
age or ill health
the use of money, time,
or effort
something dangerous or
serious, such as an
accident, that happens
suddenly or unexpectedly
and needs fast action in
order to avoid harmful
results
to decide that something
or someone is not
important and not worth
considering
to make people obey a
law, or to make a
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SUNFLOWER ENGLISH 11

32

Stubborn

adj

/ˈstʌb.ən/

33

Hardship

n

/ˈhɑrdˌʃɪp/

34

Approve

v

/əˈpruːv/

35

Rebel

n

/ˈreb.əl/

36

Counselor

n

/ˈkɑʊn·sə·lər/

37

Harmonious

adj

/hɑːˈməʊ.ni.əs/

38

Pillar

n

/ˈpɪl.ər/

39

Discipline

v

/ˈdɪs.ə.plɪn/

40

Conflict

n

/ˈkɒn.flɪkt/

41

Aggression

n

/əˈɡreʃ.ən/

42

Quarrel

n

/ˈkwɒr.əl/

43

Interfere

v

/ˌɪn.təˈfɪər/

44

Denim

n

/ˈden.ɪm/

45

Conservative

adj

/kənˈsɜː.və.tɪv/

46

Virtual

adj

/ˈvɜː.tʃu.əl/

particular situation
happen or be accepted
A stubborn person is
determined to do what he
or she wants and refuses
to do anything else
a condition of life that
causes difficulty or
suffering
to have a positive opinion
of someone or something
a person who is opposed
to the political system in
their country and tries to
change it using force
a person whose job is to
provide advice, help, or
encouragement
having a pleasant tune or
harmony
a strong column made of
stone, metal, or wood
that supports part of a
building
to punish someone
an active disagreement
between people with
opposing opinions or
principles
spoken or physical
behaviour that is
threatening or involves
harm to someone or
something
an angry disagreement
between two or more
people or groups
to involve yourself in a
situation when your
involvement is not wanted
or is not helpful
a thick, strong cotton
cloth, often blue in colour,
used especially for making
jeans
not usually liking or
trusting change,
especially sudden change
almost a particular thing
or quality

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SUNFLOWER ENGLISH 11

47

Portable

adj

/ˈpɔː.tə.bəl/

48

Separate

adj

/ˈsep.ər.ət/

50

Fountain

n

/ˈfaʊn.tɪn/

51

Prohibit

v

/prəˈhɪb.ɪt/

52

Adjust

v

/əˈdʒʌst/

53

Balance

n

/ˈbæl.əns/

54

Criticize

v

/ˈkrɪt.ɪ.saɪz/

55

Appropriate

adj

/əˈprəʊ.pri.ət/

56

Obey

v

/əʊˈbeɪ/

57

Forbid

v

/fəˈbɪd/

58

Pierce

v

/pɪəs/

59

Elegant

adj

/ˈel.ɪ.ɡənt/

60

Compassion

n

/kəmˈpæʃ.ən/

61

Norm

n

/nɔːm/

light and small enough to
be easily carried or moved
existing or happening
independently or in a
different physical space
a stream of water that is
forced up into the air
through a small hole,
especially for decorative
effect, or the structure in
a lake or pool from which
this flows
to officially refuse to allow
something
to change something
slightly, especially to
make it more correct,
effective, or suitable
a state where things are
of equal weight or force
to express disapproval of
someone or something
suitable or right for a
particular situation or
occasion
to act according to what
you have been asked or
ordered to do by someone
in authority, or to behave
according to a rule, law,
or instruction
to refuse to allow
something, especially
officially, or to prevent a
particular plan of action
by making it impossible
to go into or through
something, making a hole
in it using a sharp point
graceful and attractive in
appearance or behaviour
a strong feeling of
sympathy and sadness for
the suffering or bad luck
of others and a wish to
help them
an accepted standard or a
way of behaving or doing
things that most people
agree with

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SUNFLOWER ENGLISH 11

62

Accustom

v

/əˈkʌs·təm/

63

Trivial

adj

/ˈtrɪv.i.əl/

64

Interaction

n

/ˌɪn.təˈræk.ʃən/

65

Nitrition

n

/njuːˈtrɪʃ.ən/

66

Conscious

adj

/ˈkɒn.ʃəs/

67

Starve

v

/stɑːv/

68

Mental

adj

/ˈmen.təl/

69

Specific

adj

/spəˈsɪf.ɪk/

70

Authority

n

/ɔːˈθɒr.ə.ti/

71

Desire

v

/dɪˈzaɪər/

72

Ambition

n

/æmˈbɪʃ.ən/

73

Familiar

adj

/fəˈmɪl.i.ər/

74

Significant

adj

/sɪɡˈnɪf.ɪ.kənt/

75

Reunion

n

/ˌriːˈjuː.njən/

76

Phenomenon

n

/fəˈnɒm.ɪ.nən/

77

Disturb

v

/dɪˈstɜːb/

78

Permanent

adj

/ˈpɜː.mə.nənt/

79

Perception

n

/pəˈsep.ʃən/

to make someone familiar
with new conditions
having little value or
importance
an occasion when two or
more people or things
communicate with or
react to each other
the substances that you
take into your body as
food and the way that
they influence your health
to notice that a particular
thing or person exists or
is present
to (cause someone to)
become very weak or die
because there is not
enough food to eat
relating to the mind, or
involving the process of
thinking
relating to one thing and
not others; particular
the moral or legal right or
ability to control
to want something,
especially strongly
a strong wish to achieve
something
easy to recognize because
of being seen, met,
heard, etc. before
important or noticeable
a social event for a group
of people who have not
seen each other for a long
time
something that exists and
can be seen, felt, tasted,
etc., especially something
unusual or interesting
to interrupt what
someone is doing
lasting for a long time or
for ever
a belief or opinion, often
held by many people and
based on how things
seem
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SUNFLOWER ENGLISH 11

80

81

82

83
84
85
86
87
88

89

90
91
92
93

94
95

something that you have
to do because it is part of
Duty
n
ˈdʒuː.ti/
your job, or something
that you feel is the right
thing to do
a real or imagined line
Boundary
n
/ˈbaʊn.dər.i/
that marks the edge or
limit of something
the act of watching a
person or activity and
Supervision
n
/ˌsuː.pəˈvɪʒ.ən/
making certain that
everything is done
correctly, safely
a result of a particular
action or situation, often
Consequence
n
/ˈkɒn.sɪ.kwəns/
one that is bad or not
convenient
the fact that you are
Obligation
n
/ˌɒb.lɪˈɡeɪ.ʃən/
obliged to do something
the way in which
Manner
n
/ˈmæn.ər/
something is done
to recognize someone or
something and say or
Identify
v
/aɪˈden.tɪ.faɪ/
prove who or what that
person or thing is
not polite; offensive or
Rude
adj
/ruːd/
embarrassing:
to persuade someone or
Convince
v
/kənˈvɪns/
make someone certain
to limit the movements or
actions of someone, or to
Restrict
v
/rɪˈstrɪkt/
limit something and
reduce its size or prevent
it from increasing
to make someone stop
Distract
v
/dɪˈstrækt/
giving their attention to
something
relating to money or how
Financial
adj
/faɪˈnæn.ʃəl/
money is managed
despite; not being
Regardless
adv
/rɪˈɡɑːd.ləs/
affected by something
(of activities or subjects)
Extracurricular adj /ˌek.strə.kəˈrɪk.jə.lər/ not part of the usual
school or college course
looking too bright, big,
and expensive in a way
Flashy
adj
/ˈflæʃ.i/
that is intended to get
attention and admiration
to not give enough care
Neglect
v
/nɪˈɡlekt/
or attention to people or

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SUNFLOWER ENGLISH 11

96

Pressure

n

/ˈpreʃ.ər/

97

Frustrate

v

/frʌsˈtreɪt/

98

Revise

v

/rɪˈvaɪz/

99

Unavoidable

adj

/ˌʌn.əˈvɔɪ.də.bəl/

things that are your
responsibility
the force you produce
when you press
something
to make someone feel
annoyed or less confident
because they cannot
achieve what they want
to look at or consider
again an idea, piece of
writing, etc. in order to
correct or improve it
impossible to avoid

PHẦN BÀI TẬP ÁP DỤNG
adopt
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

independent

divorce

legal

alternative

visitation

temporary

widow

custody

blend

The ceasefire will only provide a__________________ solution to the crisis.
He had some mercenary scheme to marry a wealthy__________________.
The court awarded/granted/gave_________________of the child to the father.
Would you consider______________________ (a child)?
Their music is a___________________of jazz and African rhythms.

siblings
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

punishment

What are the chances of a marriage ending in_____________________
You have an/a____________obligation to ensure your child receives a proper education.
She takes her_____________________as a nurse very seriously.
There must be an/a ____________________to people sleeping on the streets.
We're awaiting an/a _____________________ from the inspector.

fostering
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

impact

They all made the same comment, quite_____________________of each other
I deeply___________________David for what he has achieved.
The_________________ of the crash reduced the car to a third of its original length.
Many people think that the death penalty is too severe a________________for any crime.
They have no children of their own, but they're hoping to_________________.

responsibilities
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

respect

burden

curfew

consistent

precious

Clean water is a___________________commodity in many parts of the world.
There has been a___________________improvement in her attitude.
He was shot for breaking (= not obeying) the___________________.
The little donkey struggled under its heavy__________________.
I have four_________________: three brothers and a sister.

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SUNFLOWER ENGLISH 11

mature
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

imposed

ritual

dismissed

retiring

expense

emergency

Since______________from the company, she has done voluntary work for a charity.
Buying a bigger car has proved to be well worth the___________________.
How would disabled people escape in a/an ______________________?
I think he'd____________________me as an idiot within five minutes of meeting me.
It isn't always easy for the police to_________________speed limits.

rebels
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

object

Very high taxes have recently been_________________on cigarettes.
He's very_________________ for his age.
Coffee and the newspaper are part of my morning______________.
Would anyone_________________ if we started the meeting now?
If she doesn't want to go, nothing you can say will____________________her.

enforce
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

persuade

stubborn

hardship

approve

pillars

They have huge arguments because they're both so____________________.
The 1930s were a time of high unemployment and economic__________________.
I thoroughly___________________of what the government is doing.
The_________________took over the capital and set up a new government.
A row of reinforced concrete_________________supports the bridge.

interfering

conflict

quarrel

aggression

disciplined

1. A senior army officer has been__________________for revealing secret government plans
to the media.
2. There was a lot of______________________between him and his father.
3. Some types of dog are bred for_______________________.
4. They had a bitter____________________about/over some money three years ago and
they haven't spoken to each other since.
5. ____________________ in other people's relationships is always a mistake.
conservative

denim

virtual

portable

separate

1. Leather is very much in fashion this season, as is___________________.
2. Older people tend to be more________________and a bit suspicious of anything new.
3. Ten years of incompetent government had brought about the________________collapse
of the country's economy.
4. Your phone number is______________if you decide to move to a different home or office.
5. The art department and the music department are in two__________________buildings.
fountain
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

prohibited

adjust

balance

criticized

There was a picture of the Trevi___________________on the front of the book.
Motor vehicles are____________________from driving in the town centre.
If the chair is too high you can____________________it to suit you.
The toddler wobbled and lost his___________________(= started to fall sideways).
The government is being widely____________ in the media for failing to limit air pollution.
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SUNFLOWER ENGLISH 11

elegant
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

forbids

pierced

compassion

accustom

trivial

interaction

I was hoping she might show a little______________________.
Europe's varied cultural, political and ethical__________________.
It takes awhile to_____________________yourself to working at night.
Sexual harassment in the workplace is not a/an_______________________matter.
There's not enough____________________between the management and the workers.

specific
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

obey

I didn't think his comments were very__________________at the time.
He hated being in the army because he had to___________________ commands.
The law___________________the sale of cigarettes to people under the age of 16.
I couldn't wear these earrings because my ears aren't______________________.
He assumed a/an ______________________pose beside the fireplace.

norms
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

appropriate

nutrition

conscious

starved

mental

Good________________ is essential if patients are to make a quick recovery.
My tooth doesn't exactly hurt, but I'm________________of it (= I can feel it) all the time
Whole communities_________________to death during the long drought.
A doctor was asked about the___________________state of the prisoner.
The virus attacks__________________cells in the brain.

ambition

significant

familiar

desire

authority

1. We need to get the support of someone in__________________(= an important or highranking person).
2. The hotel had everything you could possibly_____________________.
3. His_____________________is ultimately to run his own business.
4. The house looked strangely__________________, though she knew she'd never been
there before.
5. There has been a/an_____________________increase in the number of women students
in recent years.
reunion
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

phenomena

disturb

permanent

perception

The college has an annual__________________for former students.
Do you believe in the paranormal and other psychic____________________?
Please don't___________________your sister - she's trying to do her homework.
She is looking for a ____________________place to stay.
We have to change the public's_____________________that money is being wasted.

boundary

duty

supervision

obligation

manner

1. The_____________________of the agency is to act in the best interests of the child.
2. The Ural mountains mark the_____________________between Europe and Asia.
3. Students are not allowed to handle these chemicals unless they are under
the____________________ of a teacher.
4. If you have not signed a contract, you are under no_____________________to (= it is
not necessary to) pay them any money.
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SUNFLOWER ENGLISH 11

5. It was the_______________of her death that stuck in the public's mind.
distract
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

identify

rude

convince

restricted

Even the smallest baby can___________________ its mother by her voice.
It's___________________ not to say "Thank you" when you are given something.
He managed to___________________ the jury of his innocence.
The government has_______________freedom of movement into and out of the country.
He tried to______________________attention from his own illegal activities.

pressure
revise
extracurricular

frustrates
neglects

financial

regardless

1.
2.
3.
4.

She organizes her_______________________affairs very efficiently.
The plan for a new office building went ahead___________________of local opposition.
Popular_________________activities include pottery, chess, choir, tennis, and swimming.
He____________________that poor dog - he never takes him for walks or gives him any
attention.
5. It___________________me that I'm not able to put any of my ideas into practice.
6. He put too much____________________on the door handle and it snapped.
7. His helpfulness today has made me_____________my original opinion/impression of him.

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