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Anh văn IV EL01 016

Anh văn 4 - EL01.016
Câu hỏi
... is a court’s power to hear and decide a matter before any

Trả lời
Original jurisdiction.

other court can review the matter.
... jurisdiction is the power of a court to review and revise a

Tham khảo: vocabulary required slide.
Appellate.

lower courts’decision.
… can each do advocacy, draft legal documents and give

Tham khảo: vocabulary required slide.
Barristers

written advice.
… increasingly takes place outside the court system.


Adjudication.
Tham khảo: Bài đọc 1 – Chương 2, mục

… is responsible for the training of judges, lay magistrates, and

3,4, trang 38, 39.
The Judicial Studies Board (JSB).

members of Tribunals in England and Wales.

Tham khảo: Chương 2 , mục 2, trang

… offences are the most serious offences such as arson, murder

69.
Indictable

and manslaughter.
… refers to attempt to use illegal force on another person in the

Sexual assault.

absence of consent to sexual relation
… refers to the unlawful killing of a person without malicious

Manslaughter

intent and therefore without premeditation
……………….. ….. is rules which determine how a case is

Procedural law

administered by the courts
A case with a fine of ……
A company may issue different … of shares, which have

Tham khảo: Bài I - Chương 1
less than £ 1,000
classes.

different rights attached to them.
A court can make an order allowing one spouse to have

The family home

possession of …
A lawyer who represents his or her … before the court is known Client
as a barrister (in England),.
A merger occurs when one company has acquired the majority

Tham khảo: slide 4.1.
target

of the shares of the … company
A simple distinction between the criminal and civil law is that

Individuals

the latter (civil law) regulates the relationships between

Tham khảo: Bài 1 Chương I

………………… or bodies and the former (criminal law)
regulates the legal relationship between the state and individual
people and bodies.
ADR methods are …

Negotiation, arbitration and mediation
Tham khảo: Bài 2 Solicitors and
Barristers– Chương 2.
Đáp án chọn; Mediation
1


Also criminal court procedure … to ensure a fair hearing by

seeks

imposing very strict and formal rules of evidence. Many other
safeguards relate to the power of the police.
Appointment Clause describes …………and general

the title

emplointment of the director of the company.
Attempt to transform illegally acquired money into apparently

money laundering

legitimate money is charged with …
By sending
Civil … related to the family, property, contracts and torts are

All the three are required
actions.

brought to lower courts.
Common law evolved from …………., convention, and

Tất cả các phương án

decisions of the courts.
Constitution Law is the law relating to ……………….. of

Tham khảo: Slice 2.1.
the legal structure

government in a State.
Crimes which are … by office employees and salaried

Tham khảo: Bài 1 Chương I.
typically committed:

professionals are known as while-collar crimes, or business
crimes.
Criminal law involves the state imposing sanctions for defined

peaceable social order

crimes committed by individuals or businesses, so that society
can achieve its brand of justice and a …
Decide if this statement is T (True) or F (False):

FALSE

Tribunals and arbitration are two main forms of extra-court
adjudication which takes place inside the court system to suit
the form of dispute resolution to the nature of the dispute
involved.
District Judge (Magistrates’ Court) must have been ……… as a

Qualified

lawyer for at least seven years
During last decades the judiciary became active in economic

Tham khảo: Bài 3, Chương 2 trang 70.
constitution.

issues related with economic rights established by …

Tham khảo: Bài đọc 1 – Chương 2, mục

Given the serious consequences which can result from being

3,4, trang 38, 39,40
criminal offence.

convicted of a …, it is necessary to provide safeguards against
wrongful conviction.
How many courses do do pupils take in order to become a

Two

barrister?
However, authorities may only act … the law or the

within

government must obey the law.
In all countries, at all time, the decisions of courts are treated

‘precedents’.

with respect, and they tend to be regarded as …………….
In contract cases, courts usually want to apply a law that will

Tham khảo: Bài 1 Chương I
to uphold

……………the contract.
Judge Brown is going to talk about the process of …

Tham khảo: Bài 1 - Chương I.
litigation.
2


Judges of Supreme People’s Court of Vietnam are appointed

Chief Judge

following the recommendation of …
Judicial review of administration are considered matters of

ministers

administrative law. But some matters, such as the responsibility
of …, cannot be solely assigned to either administrative or
constitutional law.
Jurors have been chosen ... from a panel of approximately 100

At random

people.
Later you will learn how this difference is reflected in the

Tham khảo: slide. 3.2
procedure.

terminology and ….……….. of the law.
Law ……….the action or conduct of individual or state

Tham khảo: Bài 1 Chương I
restains

Tham khảo: Slice 1.1.
Law is a solemn expression of ………..of the supreme power of the will..
the State
Law must be respected and .......... . Any people if violate the

enforced

law shall be punished
Lawyers in human rights may even find their ... dangerous.

Tham khảo: Bài 1 Chương I
Profession

Legal principles of English law are flexible and are based on

Tham khảo: slide 4.3.
Legal principles

real facts
Most claims are initiated by the use of …, which functions as a

Tham khảo: slide 3.2.
An injunction

summons.
Mr Peter Smith is a famous JP. What does JP stand for?

Tham khảo: Bblack Law dictionary
Justice of the Peace
Tham khảo: Bài đọc 1 – Chương 2, mục

Parliament or National Assembly have rise to enact any new

3,4, trang 38, 39,40.
amend

law or ………… existing legislation
Tham khảo: Slice 1.2.
Parliament or National Assembly may ……….. its legislation to delegate
an individual or a body to make a specified law.
Read this:

Tham khảo: Slice 1.2.
less than £ 1,000

These differences are again reflected in the criminal court
system. There are three types of criminal offence: summary,
indictable and triable either way. The nature of the offence will
determine the mode of trial. Summary offences are the less
Some attorneys probably earns a high salary, … small firm

whereas.

lawyers may have to restrict salaries.
Suppliers are often ………….. creditors of the company.
To initiate a claim means ……………

Tham khảo: slide 4.3.
preferential
to cause it to begin.

The advantages of Tribunals and arbitration are ...by an expert.

Tham khảo: Bài 1 - Chương I
Speed; lower costs and flexibility;
informality and adjudication
Tham khảo: Chương 2 và slide 2.5.

3


The authorities … with powers to command governing the

are granted

community.
The courts are the interpreters and declarers of the law, the

the sources

“sources” of law are therefore …………… to which the courts

Tham khảo: Bài 1- Chương I

turn in order to determine what it is
The English Parliament has two …………
The first practical difference is seen in the parties to the legal

chambers
criminal.

action. A civil case will involve two (or more) individual people

Tham khảo: Bài 1 Chương I

or bodies whilst the parties to a …………… case will be the
state and an individual person or body.
The formal courts are not the only means … solving disputes

of
Tham khảo: Bài đọc 1 – Chương 2, mục

The government is entitled to promulgate ……..
The idea that considers an animal as the subject of a legal duty

3,4, trang 38, 39,40.
Tất cả các phương án
prevails

………… among ancient Jews and Greeks.
The law maker is called the

Tham khảo: Bài 1 - Chương I
legislature.

Tham khảo: Slice 1.2.
The only distinction between written law and ………… law lies unwritten.
in the process of their establishment.
The Partnership ………… regulates their relationship, for

Tham khảo: Bài 1 Chương I.
Agreement

example the duration of the partnership, its name and business,
how profits, losses, and running costs are to be shared, how
much capital each partner is to contribute, what rules will apply
to the ca
The pre-trial work, one function of solicitors, is also called ‘to

Tto collect all the necessary legal

brief barristers’.

documents for the barrister to present

What does ‘to brief barristers’ mean?

the best case to the court.

- ‘to brief barristers’ means ………....

Tham khảo: Chương 2 (P2), mục II,

There are four countries and three distinct …………… in the

trang 36 slide.
jurisdictions

United Kingdom: England and Wales, Scotland, and Northern

Tham khảo: Bài 1 - Chương I

Ireland.
This statement is T (true) or F (false): The king exercised his

T

power over his people
Traditionally, … undertake work such as conveyancing, and

Solicitors .

drawing up contracts and wills.

Tham khảo: Bài 2 Solicitors and

Tribunals and arbitration are two main forms of extra-court

Barristers– Chương 2, mục 4, trang 52.
FALSE

adjudication which takes place inside the court system to suit
the form of dispute resolution to the nature of the dispute
4


involved.
Under commercial law, violators are subject … a $ 100 fine.
Usually solicitors prepare cases for … and then send the case

to
litigation.

brief to barristers.

Tham khảo: Bài 2 Solicitors and

What does the abbreviation ADR stand for?

Barristers– Chương 2, mục 4, trang 52.
Alternative Desbute Resolution
Tham khảo: Bài 2 Solicitors and
Barristers– Chương 2.
All of them are true
Not Eligible

Which statement is T (true) about constitution:
Who are … for jury service in England?
Magistrates, barristers, solicitors, priests, people on bail, people
with mental illness cannot provide jury service .
You want to add your partner as a joint owner called …

5

joint property ownership.


Anh văn 4 - EL01.016
... is a court’s power to hear and decide a matter before any other court can review the matter.
... jurisdiction is the power of a court to review and revise a lower courts’decision.
… can each do advocacy, draft legal documents and give written advice.
… increasingly takes place outside the court system.
… is responsible for the training of judges, lay magistrates, and members of Tribunals in England and
Wales.
… is the area of law relating to the practical transfer of property, especially land.
… refers to attempt to use illegal force on another person in the absence of consent to sexual relation
… the substantive and procedural provisions relating to central and local governments
…………… describes the financial state of a company when its debts are over its repayment ability
A charge holder or company directors may file notice at court for … order.
A contract is an … that creates binding obligations upon the parties
ADR methods are …
6

Original jurisdiction
Begin jurisdiction
Origin jurisdiction
Beginning jurisdiction
Appellate
Appelate
Appeal
Apellate
Barristers
Consultants
Solicitors
Legal advisors
Adjudication
Adjudicate
Adjudicator
Adjudicative
The Judicial Studies Board (JSB)
Lord Chancellor’s Office
Probation Service
High Court
Conveyancing Law
Civil law
Land law
Transfering law
Sexual assault.
Manslaughter.
Murder
Whereas
Why
When
What
Insolvency
Ceremony
Establishment
Development
administration
administrative
administrator
liquidation
agreement
interest
appeal
interest rate rate
Mediation
Negotiation
Arbitration


Also criminal court procedure … to ensure a fair hearing
by imposing very strict and formal rules of evidence.
Many other safeguards relate to the power of the police.
Common law evolved from …………., convention, and
decisions of the courts.
Constitution is the body of doctrines and … that form the
fundamental organizing principles of a political state.
Constitution Law is the law relating to ……………….. of
government in a State.
Contract law deals with … which create legal rights

Crimes which are … by office employees and salaried
professionals are known as while-collar crimes, or
business crimes.
Criminal and civil law
A simple distinction between the criminal and civil law is
that the latter (civil law) regulates the relationships

-

Negotiation, arbitration and mediation
seeks
looks
takes
gives
Tất cả các phương án
custom,
customary law,
judicial precedent,
practices
practiced
practicing
to practice
the legal structure
Tất cả các phương án
the law structure
the legally structure
promises
individuals
contractors
parties
typically committed
typicaly committed
typically committing
committed typically
individuals
departments
states
organizations

between ………………… or bodies and the former
(criminal law) regulates the legal relationship between the
state and individual people and bodies.
Criminal law involves the state imposing sanctions for defined crimes committed by individuals or businesses, so
that society can achieve its brand of justice and a …
Criteria for classifying legal systems may be based on historical, political, sociological, cultural …………… and
so on.
Criteria for classifying legal systems may be based on historical, political, sociological, cultural …………… and
so on.
District Judge (Magistrates’ Court) must have been ……… as a lawyer for at least seven years
Given the serious consequences which can result from 7

peaceable social order
peaceable socially order
peace social order
peaceably social order
aspects
points
things
aspects
points
things
Qualified
Quality
Qualitative
Qualifying
criminal offence


being convicted of a …, it is necessary to provide safeguards against wrongful conviction.
How do I form a company?
By sending

civil offence
administrative offence
Labour offence
All the three are required.
The details of the directors and the

company secretary
- A memorandum of association, the
How many courses do do pupils take in order to become a barrister?
In all countries, at all time, the decisions of courts are treated with respect, and they tend to be regarded as
…………….
In contract cases, courts usually want to apply a law that will ……………the contract.
In some jurisdictions, certain special types of contracts, must be written and signed or they are not …………
Judge Brown is going to talk about the process of …
Judges of Supreme People’s Court of Vietnam are appointed following the recommendation of …
Judicial review of administration are considered matters of administrative law. But some matters, such as the
responsibility of …, cannot be solely assigned to either
administrative or constitutional law.
Jurors have been chosen ... from a panel of approximately 100 people.
Land is the most important form … property.
Later you will learn how this difference is reflected in the terminology and ….……….. of the law.
8

articles of association
A statement of legal compliance
Two
Three
An Extra Course
One
‘precedents’
‘laws’
‘rules’
‘conventions’
to uphold
to adopt
to perform
to conclude
valid
enforceable
illegal
unenforceable
litigation
court
sitting
casestudy
Chief Judge
National Assembly
The Department of Justice
The Lord Chancellor
ministers
ministry
minister

At random
At work
At present
of
by
on
for
procedure
legislation
rule
regulation


Law is a solemn expression of ………..of the supreme power of the State
Law must be respected and .......... . Any people if violate the law shall be punished
Lawyers in human rights may even find their ... dangerous.
Legal principles of English law are flexible and are based on real facts
Most claims are initiated by the use of …, which functions as a summons.
Mr Peter Smith is a famous JP. What does JP stand for?
Parliament or National Assembly have rise to enact any new law or ………… existing legislation
Parliament or National Assembly may ……….. its legislation to an individual or a body to make a specified
law.
Property law is the area of law that governs the various forms of ownership and tenancy in … (land as distinct
from personal or movable possessions) and in personal property, within the common law legal system
Read this:

These differences are again reflected in the criminal court
system. There are three types of criminal offence: summary, indictable and triable either way. The nature of
the offence will determine the mode of trial. Summary
offences are the less serious offences such as minor
motoring offences, which are tried in the magistrates’
court whose jurisdiction is limited to a fine of less than £
1,000 or to a sentence of lower than six-month
imprisonment.
9

the will
thought
the opinion.
the thinking
enforced
enforce
enforcing
enforceable
Profession
Professor
Professionally.
Professional
Legal principles
Legally principles
Legal principle
A warrant of arrest
A form of admission
A claim form*
An injunction???
Justice of the Peace
Judge for peace
Justice prosecutor
Juror for peace
amend
make
change
delegate
give
get
take
real property
Movable possession
Intangible property
Movable property
less than £ 1,000
over than £ 1,000
more than £ 1,000
about £ 1,000


Question:
Which case is tried in Magistrates’court?
A case with a fine of …….
Real property (immovable property) is the combination … and improvements (immovable man-made things) thereto
Socialist laws, those systems of law ……… from the Marxist theory
Socialist laws, those systems of law ……… from the Marxist theory
Some attorneys probably earns a high salary, … small firm lawyers may have to restrict salaries.
Suppliers are often ………….. creditors of the company.
Tax law is a branch of public law. A tax defines a financial charge or other levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an
individual or legal entity) by a state or the functional

of interests in land
of interesting in land
Land interest
of interested in land
derived
have derived
derive
deriving
derived
have derived
derive
deriving
Whereas
And
So
Though
preferential
unsecured
important ???
secured
punishable
punishment
punish

equivalent of a state to fund various public expenditures.
A failure to pay, or evasion of or resistance to taxation, is
usually … by law.
The advantages of Tribunals and arbitration are ...by an - Speed; lower costs and flexibility;
expert.
The authorities … with powers to command governing the community.
The courts are the interpreters and declarers of the law, the “sources” of law are therefore …………… to which
the courts turn in order to determine what it is
The English Parliament has two …………
10

informality and adjudication
Lower costs and flexibility
Speed
Informality and adjudication
are granted
grant
is granting
have granted
the sources
the law
the interpreters
the courts
chambers
rooms
areas


The first practical difference is seen in the parties to the legal action. A civil case will involve two (or more)
individual people or bodies whilst the parties to a -

places
criminal
civil
administration
public

…………… case will be the state and an individual
person or body.
The formal courts are not the only means … solving disputes
The government is entitled to promulgate ……..
The idea that considers an animal as the subject of a legal duty ………… among ancient Jews and Greeks.
The law maker is called the ………
The only distinction between written law and ………… law lies in the process of their establishment.
The pre-trial work, one function of solicitors, is also called -

of
on
with
for
Tất cả các phương án
constitutions
resolutions
prevails
refuses
classifies
rests in
legislature
legislative
legislation
legislate
unwritten
writing
writen
unwriting
Tto collect all the necessary legal

‘to brief barristers’.

documents for the barrister to

What does ‘to brief barristers’ mean?

present the best case to the court.
To pass on to a barrister.
To send a barrister a brief
To present a barrister before the court
quoted price
pricing quoted
price quoted
Quoting price
jurisdictions
laws
parts
countries
unreasonably
unreasonable
reasonable
reasonably
to cause it to begin
to appeal it
to reform it
to abandon it

- ‘to brief barristers’ means ………....
The Price is the …; if the Price is not paid on time the
Seller is entitled to interest at 4 per cent above base.
There are four countries and three distinct …………… in
the United Kingdom: England and Wales, Scotland, and
Northern Ireland.
They are saying that we are … refusing delivery, but I
guess if we make our side clear, then they might not take
any action against us
To initiate a claim means ……………

11

-


Traditionally, … undertake work such as conveyancing, and drawing up contracts and wills.
Usually solicitors prepare cases for … and then send the case brief to barristers.
What does the abbreviation ADR stand for?
Which statement is T (true) about constitution:
-

Solicitors
Consultants
Advisors
Baristers
Litigation
The judges
The court
Adjudicators
Alternative Desbute Resolution
Aviation Development Regulation
Arbitration Development Review
All of them are true
The law concerns with maintaining
controls over the power of the

government
- The
law

concerns

with

the

administration of government’s policy
- The law is considered as the root of all
Who are … for jury service in England?

Magistrates, barristers, solicitors, priests, people on bail,
people with mental illness cannot provide jury service .
-

12

laws or the supreme law of the land
Not Eligible
Eligible
Elemination
Eligibly



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