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Anh văn III EG09 3 009

Read the text and decide if the following statements are T (TRUE) or F
(FALSE)
We’re Living Faster, But Are We Living Better?
Not long ago people believed that in the future we would work less, have more free time,
and be more relaxed. But sadly this has not happened. Today we work harder, work
longer hours, and are more stressed than ten years ago. We walk faster, talk faster, and
sleep less than previous generations. And although we are obsessed with machines
which save us time, we have less free time than our parents and grandparents had. But
what is this doing to our health? An American journalist James Gleick in a new
book, Faster: the acceleration of just about everything, says that people who live in cities
are suffering from ‘hurry sickness’ – we are always trying to do more things in less time.
As a result, our lives are more stressful. He says that if we don’t slow down, we won’t
live as long as our parents. For most people, faster doesn’t mean better.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

F
F

T
T
F

The writer wrote the article to encourage us to work more and relax less.
People today are having a less stressful life than they did in the past
People are too busy to read newspapers.
Slow sports have become unpopular.
More time is spent on stories.

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Read the text and do the activities that follow.
The Royal Family
1. Prince William is a member of the British royal family. He’s the Queen’s
grandson and the eldest son of Charles and Diana. His brother’s name is Harry.
Diana, their mother, isn’t alive now, but they have a stepmother, Camilla.
2. William’s wife is Kate Middleton. She’s originally from an ordinary familybut of course, she’s now the Duchess of Cambridge and part of the royal
family! Kate has a brother, James, and a sister, Pippa. Their parents, Michael
and Carole, have an online business.
3. In some ways, Kate and William are a normal couple. They have friends from
university and they have hobbies and interests too. For example, William loves
football and Kate likes photography. In the winter, they go skiing together.
4. In other ways, their lives are very different from their friends’ lives. William is
the future King of the United Kingdom – and fifteen other countries too,
including Canada and Australia. Kate and William have a lot of official duties.
They help charities in the UK and Africa, they visit other countries and they
meet important visitors to the UK.
5. The Duchess of Cambridge is expecting a baby, St James’s Palace has
confirmed. All the Members of the Royal Family and the duchess’s family, the
Middletons, are delighted: “The Queen, the Duke of Edinburgh, the Prince of
Wales, the Duchess of Cornwall and Prince Harry and members of both
families are delighted with the news.”
The baby will be third in line to the throne, after Prince Charles and Prince William.
A spokesman said the duchess has been admitted to KingEdwardVIIHospital in
central London with acute morning sickness and is expected to stay for several days:
“As the pregnancy is in its very early stages, Her Royal Highness is expected to stay
in hospital for several days and will require a period of rest thereafter.”
6. Prince William, the Duke of Cambridge, says he and his wife “could not be
happier” after the duchess gave birth to a baby boy, at 16:30, 22nd July 2013 UK
time at St Mary’s Hospital, west London. William was present at St Mary’s for the
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birth. The young parents spent time with their son before telling the news to their
families and the world. The Queen’s gynecologist Marcus Setchell, who led the team
that delivered the baby, described the new arrival as “wonderful baby, beautiful
baby”. A bulletin signed by him was taken by a royal aide from St Mary’s to the
palace under police escort. The news has been since displayed on an easel in the
forecourt of BuckinghamPalace in line with tradition. A Palace spokesman said the
names of the baby would be announced in due course. A BuckinghamPalace
spokesman said: “The Queen and Duke of Edinburgh are delighted at the news.”
Read the text 'The Royal Family' again. Are the sentences true (T) or false (F)?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6
7

F
T
F
F
T
T
F

Camilla is William’s mother
William’s wife if the Duchess of Cambridge.
Kate is one of two children.
James is William’s cousin
William is a football fan.
The King or Queen of England is also the King or Queen of Australia.
William and Kate’s son will be first in line to the throne, after Prince Charles

8

and Prince William.
T Kate gave birth to a baby boy, at 4:30pm, 22nd July 2013 UK time at St

Mary’s Hospital
9 F William was absent from St Mary’s for the birth.
10 F Few people in England knew about Kate giving birth to a baby boy.

3


Circle the answer that matches the meaning of each bold word or phrase.
Adolescence is a time of independence, so a teen will appreciate the opportunity to
make a space that is truly her own.
a. in the stage from 6-10 years old
b. in the stage between childhood and adulthood.
Circle the answer that matches the meaning of each bold word or phrase.
Though the primary goal should be to let teens express themselves
a. the first thing you want to gain/get
b. the thing you like

Human activities Beach sand 90

Wild pigs

dogs

200 million

climate change

Sea Turtles Feel the Heat
A Sea Turtles are some of the oldest species in the world. The earliest sea turtles
appeared over 200 million years ago. Today, however, sea turtle are in trouble.
Their populations are getting smaller due to human activities and climate change.
B In Australia, conservationists are studying the effects of climate change on sea
turtles. They believe global warming may affect sea turtles in several ways. First,
warming temperatures lead to rising sea levels. As sea levels rise, beach areas
become flooded. Sea turtles lay their eggs in the beach sand. Flooding
can destroy sea turtle nests and the eggs inside them.
C Global warming also raises the temperature of sand around a sea turtle’s nest. The
temperature of the nest affects thesex of the turtle’s eggs. Warmer temperatures
(above 84 degrees Fahrenheit, or 29 degrees Celsius) produce mostly females.
Cooler temperatures produce more males. So, as global temperature rise, more
female babies will be born. Scientists predict that in 50 years almost all sea turtle
babies in northern Australia will be female.

4


D To survive these changes, sea turtles will need to adapt. But adapting is difficult
because the environmental changes are happening quickly. In addition, sea turtles
are more at risk from other dangers, especially ones related to human activities.
For example, some populations are getting smaller because of predators brought
in by humans. As conservationist Mariana Fuentes says, ‘We can’t be sure if sea
turtles will adapt on their own.’ They may need our help to survive.
E One of Fuentes’s projects is at Turtle Camp, a beach in northern Australia. Here,
Fuentes helps to protect turtles that are laying eggs. She works with a team of
rangers and researchers. Together, they prevent predators such as wild pigs and
dogs from eating the turtles’ eggs. Without the rangers’ help, the turtles were
losing up to 90% of their eggs. Now there are fewer predators, so the turtles
can safely lay their eggs.
F In the next few decades, sea turtles will face some tough challenges. With human
help, says Fuentes, they will have a better chance to adapt and survive.
Complete the notes with details from the reading.
1. Sea turtles have been around for more than 200 million years.
2. The number of sea turtles is getting smaller due to Human activities and climate
change .

3. Sea turtles lay their eggs in nests in the Beach sand.
4. Predators such as Wild pigs and dogs are dangerous for sea turtles.
5. Before Fuentes and her helpers started Turtle Camp, sea turtles were losing almost
90 percent of their eggs.

5


The patient comes to the hospital in the..................that he will be cured.
a. Believable
b. Unbelievable
c. Believe
d. Belief
The……………system in this country is rather complex.
a. Educate
b. Educated
c. Education
d. Educational
He has a big stamp……………..
a. Collect
b. Collector
c. Collection
d. Collective
A……………..diet is one that helps maintain general health.
a. Health
b. Unhealthy
c. Healthy

6


Complete each sentence below with the correct collocation.
1. A cold and the flu have some things in common. For example, they can both be
passed from one person to another.
2. My mother told me she liked my new dress, but she didn’t comment on my new
haircut. Maybe she doesn’t like it.
3. The scientists need 50 people to participate in a study for a new flu vaccine. They
will pay each $500.
4. There’s been a

increase in cases of the flu this winter. It’s much worse than last

year.
5. Eating lots of green vegetables can contribute to your overall health.
6. Sofia nodded her head in response to my question.
7. If you want to succeed in becoming an Olympic athlete, you have to train very hard.
8. Keiko was not in favour of the new proposal, so she voted against it.
Then circle the answer that best matches the meaning of each bold word or
phrase.
There's a high risk of another accident happening in this fog.
a. the possibility of something bad happening
b. an advantage of an issue
International interest in the Mediterranean diet began………………….
a. thousands of years ago.???
b. in the 1990s ???
c. in the 1950s
d. in the 1970s

7


Circle the best title for the reading text.
Color Matters for What You Wear
Clothes are like a second skin. Most likely you feel good when you wear your
favorite color. What happens when someone sees you wearing any color - for
example blue? Does the color send a message?
What do you think about pink and blue for children?
One of the most common examples of color symbolism in clothing is the custom of
using pink for girls and blue for boys, but it wasn't always this way. This tradition
emerged at the turn of the 20th century. Since pink was thought to be a stronger color,
it was best suited for boys; blue was more delicate and dainty and best for girls. In
1921, the Women's Institute for Domestic Science in Pennsylvania endorsed pink for
boys, blue for girls.
Even more interesting is the fact that pink is the color for baby boys and blue is the
color for baby girls in Belgium today.
Another interesting fact about pink is that pink is a very masculine color in Bermuda.
Also, British bankers and barristers have worn pink shirts for decades. Pink goes in
and out of fashion in other parts of the world. White is the traditional color for a
bride's wedding gown in the U.S. and most European cultures. White symbolizes
purity and innocence.
What about the color worn for weddings and funerals?
In Asia, white is the color of death. This arises from the belief that death is seen as a
beginning and that white represents the purity that the deceased brings into the next
life. Therefore, brides in Japan and China wear red in traditional wedding
ceremonies.
White is also associated with death in India, where widows wear white.
Consequently, red or pink saris are the most popular colors for brides.
What about black clothes?
Black symbolizes death and is the traditional color of mourning in Western cultures.
Black clothing is associated with powerful forces in many parts of the world. Bad and
good Witches, the devil, ninjas, cat burglars, Darth Vader, Cat Woman, and Batman
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wear black....and so do priests, nuns, judges, mimes, Mennonites, Bedouins, and
monks.
Maybe the common thread is that these people are signaling their seriousness of
purpose - or the need to be hard to see - or both.
Here's something else to think about: What happens when the same people wear
green? Are they as powerful? Are the priest and nun as respectable?
a. Colors and kids.
b. Colors and your personality.
c. Colors and what you wear.

9


Add the following prefixes to the adjectives below to make words with the
opposite meaning. Use a dictionary if necessary. un - in - dis - im
1. in formal

5. im practical

9. un important

2. dis satisfied

6. in considerate

10. dis respectful

3. dis honest

7. un friendly

11. im patient

4. im polite

8. in efficient

12. in appropriate

Text 1 Bad manners at work
Etiquette is the name we give to the rules for being polite in a social group.
Business

etiquette

is

important

for

people

who

often

have

to

make

new contacts and build relationships in their work. Politeness can also help
to improve the working environment for people in the same office. Some cultures
and situations are formal, which means that we have to follow rules; other cultures
and situations are more informal.
Text 2 Office workers “admit being rude”
Most office workers say they are rude or bad-mannered at work. Two out of three
workers regularly arrive late for meetings, most ignore emails and three out of four
use bad language. In a survey of 1,000 workers, two-thirds say that pressure of work
is the reason for bad manners.
Other common examples of bad office etiquette include ignoring colleagues and
answering mobile phone calls during meetings. Using mobile phones in meetings is
impolite and distracts others, research by the University of Surrey shows. If you
respond to call when speaking to somebody, it means that the phone call is more
important than the person, the survey said. If you answer a call during a meeting, it
could mean that the meeting is not important.
Mr Jacobs, managing director of Office Angels, a recruitment firm say it is easy for
people to forget their manners in the working environment, which is often very
informal and very busy. Workers can forget proper etiquette such as introducing
people at meetings, and this is often bad for working relationships.

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Psychologist Dr Colin Gill believes that people are not as polite as they were twenty
years ago. He said: ‘Courtesy is no longer something that is so much respected in our
society.’ People think it is ‘stuffy to be polite or formal.’
Now some organisations are actually investing money in training their junior
managers to be polite. Office Angels is encouraging people to arrive on time for
meetings, turn off mobile phones and avoid bad manners at work is such a simple
thing to do,’ Mr Jacobs says, ‘ and it can have a dramatic impact on improving your
working environment and your relationships with others.’
The aim of the texts is to …………………………………….
a. reflect the fact of officer’s good manners at work with illustrations
b. reflect the fact of officer’s bad manners at work with illustrations
c. encourage officer’s bad manners at work
……..

you turn it down a bit, please!

a. Should
b. Shouldn't
c. Can
d. Can't
…….. you speak Japanese?
a. May
b. Can
c. Could
d. Should

???
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The……………system in this country is rather complex.
a. Educate
b. Educated
c. Education
d. Educational
He has a big stamp……………..
a. Collect
b. Collector
c. Collection
d. Collective
A……………..diet is one that helps maintain general health.
a. Health
b. Unhealthy
c. Healthy

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