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Thuyết minh tiếng anh xây dựng 2 unit 8 health and safe

UNIT 8: Health and safe
• Communicate heath and safe guidelines
• Give instructions for traffic control
• Describe incidents
• Discuss hurricane precautions


 Health and safety guidelines

A-5

D-4

B-2

C-3

E-1


2. Translated from difinition available

1) Health and safety
Sức khỏe và sự
an toàn
2) Common cause
Nguyên nhân
thường gặp
3) Rigging load
Tải
4) Bury
Chôn vùi

Regulations and procedures intended to
prevent accident or injury in workplaces

The most frequent thing to make some thing
happen

The system of cables and fittings fitted
around the heavy or bulky thing that is being
lifted
To cover something so that it cannot be
found


5) Precaution
Sự đề phòng
6) Remember

Something you do in order to prevent
something dangerous or unpleasant from
happening
To not forget something that you must do

Nhớ lại
7) don’t cut corners

Do not do something in the easiest quickest
or cheapest way or it might harm the quality
Không cắt góc
of your work
8) Keep your eyes open Pay attention, be watchful
Giữ mắt của bạn mở
9) Recommendation
Khuyến cáo
10) No need to shout
Không cần

Official advice given to someone especially
about what to do
A phrase to mean: I heart you. Do not raise
you voice


11) warn
Cảnh báo
12) Instruct

To tell someone that something bad or
dangerous might happen so that they can be
ready or avoid it
To official tell someone what to do

Giảng dạy
13) Suggest

To tell someone your ideas about what they
should do

Đề nghị
14) Road works
Công trình
đường bộ

Repairs to a road, or under a road, creating a
hazard or obstruction


Listening
2 . Listen to the presentation. Number the illustrations in
1 in the order the speaker mentions them.

1 E 2C 3A 4D 5B


3. Match 1-5 with a-e . Then listen again to check
1) What did the speaker say about hazardous waste?
2) What is one of the most commom accidents?
3) What did he say about rigging loads?
4) What happened in sand last year?
5) What did he call protective clothing?

A
D
C
E
B


4. Choose the correct verb to complete the advice
1. Follow/ take/ name the instructions.
2. Take / give/ receive proper precautions.
3. Don’t fall / don’t cut / don’t rig corners.
4. Take / break / remember your time.
5. Take / use / keep the equipment.
6. Keep / handle / wear your hard hat.
7. Use / follow / keep the recommendations.


1. Follow
2. Take
3. Don’t cut
4. Take
5. Use
6. Wear
7. Fallow


Language: Reporting instructions and advice
 There are ways to report instructions and advice. One
way is to say exactly the same thing.
 Another way is to use told. ( note that told needs an
object)
 Note that like say and tell, some verbs need an object
and some do not
EX: - He said, “ don’t cut corners’
He said, “keep your eyes open”
- He told us not to cut corners.
He told us to keep our eyes open.
- He recommended that we…
He warned us not to…
He instructed us to
He suggested that we …


5. Complete these conversations with say, said, tell or told

1 say, said 2 tell, told, told 3 say, said, told 4 say, told, say, said,
told
1. A: Put the cone over there.
say
B: What did he ……………………………..?
said
C: He ……………………
‘Put the cone over
there.’
B: Next to the other cone?
C: Yes, that’s right.
2. A: Put out the road works sign.
tell
B: What did he ………………………me
to do?
told
C: He……………………you
to put out the road works
sign.
B: Where do I get a road works sign froms?
C: I don’t know. Go and ask him. He ……………………
told
us to ask him if we had any questions.


3. A: Pick up the debris and put it in the skip.
say
B: What did she ……………….?
said
C: She ………………………………..,
‘Pick up the
debris and put it in the skip.’
B: Why?
C: I don’t know. Just do as
told
you’re……………………………
4. A: Get Tony to check the rigging.
say
B: What did he ………………………?
told
C: He ………………………………….us
to get Tony
to check the rigging.
say
B: sorry. What did you……………..?
said
C: I ……………………..
That he
told
…………………………………
us to get Tony to check
the rigging.


Speaking 6 Work in pair. Read the addvice and report it
to your partner. Student A: Use the information below.
Student B : Turn to page 69 and follow the instructions.
Student A: you’re an apprentice painter. Read the advice
from your supervisor about using electrical equipment.
Report it to your partnet.


7. Write some advice for a piece of equipment
that you are familiar with. Then share the advice with
others in the class


Traffic control


Word
Barrier (v)
kerb (n)

Definition
a physical object that keeps two
areas apart
British English the edge of the
pavement at the side of a road
[= curb American English]
the road is less wide further on

road narrows
ahead (phr)
single carriageway British English one of the two
(n)
sides of a motorway or main
road, for vehicles travelling in
the same direction [= highway
American English]
traffic cone (n)
plastic object in the shape of a
cone that is put on the road to
show where repairs are being
done
oncoming traffic
another vehicle, e.g. car, truck
(n)
that is coming towards you

Translation
Rào
chắn
Vỉa hè
Đường hẹp

Đường 1 chiều

Mũ bảo hiểm

Tham gia giao thông


Word

Definition

Translation

face the traffic (phr)

to be looking at the
traffic coming towards
you

Đối mặt với giao
thông

volume of traffic (phr)

how many vehicles are
on the road

speed limit (n)

the fastest speed
allowed by law on a
particular piece of road

sideways (adv)

to or towards one side

Bên
đường

longways (adv)

to view something with
regards to the length (=
lengthwise

Đường
dài

clearance (n)

the amount of space
around one object that is
Khoảng cách
needed for it to avoid
touching another object an toàn

Khối lượng vận
tải
Giới hạn tốc
độ


Vocabulary 1: look at the illustration from the UK Department for
Transport road safety guidelines. Label it with words in the box
Barier ‘end of road works’ sign hazard ‘keep right’ sign kerb lane
‘road narrows ahead’ sign
‘road works’ sign single carriageway
traffic cone vehicle


Listening 2 :# listen to a site supervisor giving instructions about setting out the site in 1. what is the
supervisor’s role?
The supervisor will be in the middle doing the barrier.

The supervisor’s role is to give us protection
from oncoming traffic


3. Listen again. How long are D and T in the
illustration in 1?

• Both D and T are 25 metres long.


Vocabulary 4. Work in pairs. Discuss the meaning
of these phrases.
1. oncoming traffic
2. face the traffic
3. volume of trafic
1 vehicles moving towards the work site
2 look towards the traffic
3 amount of traffic


Reading 5. Look at this table. Caculate the speed limit of the road in 1. in the
supervisor correct he says he needs five metres between the cones?
Safety at street works and road works
size and siting distance: detail of sign and cones and safety zone dimensions
Since the ‘road works’ sign is only 50 metres from the vehicle (or 25 metres from the start
of the lead-in taper), the speed limit must be 30 mph. According to the table, he needs at
least four cones for a taper of 26 metres, so a distance of five metres between cones is
fine.



6. Use the illustration in 1 and the tables in 5 to complete this table.
2 D=110–275m;T=50m;S=0.5m; L=1⁄2m
3 D=725–1600m;T=160m;S=1.2m; L = 30 m

1 hazard width 3 metres;
Single carriageway; 50 mph
speed limit
2 hazard width 2 metres;Dual
carriageway; 30 mph speed
limit
3 hazard width 3 metres;Dual
carriageway;50 mph speed
limit

D

T

S

L

275-450m
20-45m

75m
60m

1.2m
0.5m

30m
15m

725-1600m

105m

1.2m

30m


Langguage
Giving instructions
We need more width./ This needs to be
wider
The spacing between the cones nedds
to be increased/bigger
In spoken English we can
This needs to be 12 metres long and 3
use need to give
metres wide.
instructions
The sideways/longways clearance
needs to be at least…
We need at least 12 metres clearance
here.


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