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Thuyết trình tiếng anh xây dựng 2unit 2 design g2

Unit 2: DESIGN

 Describe technical drawings.
 Estimate.
 Discuss ideas and improvements.
 Discuss light tube technology.


Technical drawing


Word

Definition

Translation to
Vietnamese

representation (n)

describing or explaining something using drawings


Bản vẽ  

orthographic projections

a means of representing a three- dimensional object in two dimensions

 
Hình chiếu

(n)

object (n)

a solid thing that you can hold, touch or see but that is not alive

elevation (n)

an upright side of a building, as shown in a drawing

cross-section (n)

something that has been cut in half so that you can look at the inside of it, or a
drawing of this

exploded view (n)

a diagram, picture or technical drawing of an object that shows the relationship
or order of assembly of various parts

assembly (n)

the process of putting the parts of something together

Vật thể

 

  đứng
Hình chiếu

Mặt cắt ngang

 Bản vẽ chi tiết

 
Sự lắp ghép


Word

Definition

Translation to Vietnamese

fit together (v)

to put the parts of something together

 Ghép lại

plan view (n)

a view from above of the relationships between rooms, spaces and other

 Mặt bằng tổng thể

physical features at one level of a structure

floor plan (n)

a diagram usually to scale, showing a view from above of the
relationships between rooms, spaces and other physical features at one

 Bản vẽ tầng điển
hình

level of a structure

fitting (n)

a piece of equipment in a house, e.g. cooker, fridge that can be moved
or taken with you when you sell the house

detail (n)

all the separate features and pieces of information about something

circle (n)

a completely round shape, like the letter ‘O’

 
Đồ gia dụng

 Chi tiết

Hình tròn
 


Word

Definition

l-shape (n)

shaped in the form of the letter ‘I’

oval (n)

a shape like a circle, but wider in one direction than the other

square (n)

a shape with four straight equal sides with 90º angles at the corners

triangle (n)

a flat shape with three straight sides and three angles

cone (n)

a solid or hollow shape that is round
at one end, has sloping sides and has a point at the other end

cube (n)

a solid object with six equal square sides

Translation to Vietnamese

 
Hình chữ I
 Hình bầu dục

 
Hình vuông

Hình  tam giác

 
Hình nón

 Hình lập phương


Word

Definition

cylinder (n)

a shape, object or container with circular ends and long straight sides

rectangular prism

has six flat sides with 90º angles and all of its faces are rectangles

(n)

sphere (n)

Translation to Vietnamese

 Hình trụ

 Hình hộp chữ
nhật

a ball shape
 Hình cầu

tolerance (n)

a minimum or maximum deviation from a nominal value
 Dung sai

scale (n)

the relationship between the size of a drawing or model and the
actual size of the place or thing that it represents

 Tỉ lệ


1. Look at three representations of a house. Name the types of drawing. Then read the text and check your
answer:

Orthographic projections

Exploded views

Plan view



2. Work in small groups. Discuss what other types of drawing

elevation

are used in the construction industry.

floor plan

cross-section


3. Identify these 2D shapes in the drawings in 1. Write the names of the shapes on the drawing.

circle

I-shape oval rectangle square triangle

rectangle

circle

triangle

I-shape

oval

square


4. Work in pairs. Brainstorm objects and equipment on a construction site which are these 3D shapes.

cone cube cylinder rectangular prism sphere

rectangular prism

sphere

cone

cylinder

cube


5. Listen to architect describing the house in 1. Write the dimensions you hear.

house - 28 foot long (± 1”), 20 foot wide (± 1”)
1

2
3
4
5
6

total area –

560 square feet

main room, with the kitchen –

16 by 20 foot

bed room –

12 by 14 foot

bathroom –

6 by 14 foot

height of rooms –
doors, not including frames –

8 feet
2 foot 8, or 32 inches wide, and 6
foot 8 high


Language

Talking about dimensions


6. Say these dimensions aloud.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

3.065 mm

three point zero six five
three feet four inches

3’4’’

34 m x 28 m

thirty four metres by twenty eigh metres

26’ ± ½”

twenty six foot plus or minus a half inch

2,500 sq ft

two thousand and five hundred squere foot

4,632 m

2

0.045 cm

four thousand six hundred and thirty two

zero point zero four five

square


7. Match 1-5 with their meanings a-e.

b
e
d
a

c


8. Draw the front and side elevations and a plan view of a typical house in your country. Including the
dimensions. Describe your drawing to a partner.

front elevation

side elevation


9. Draw a floor plan. Include details such as important fittings. Explain your drawing to a partner.


Estimates


Word

Definition

Translation to Vietnamese

estimate (v)

to calculate the value, size, amount, etc. of something

ước tính, dự toán

overestimate (v)

to calculate an amount or value that is too high

đánh giá quá cao

underestimate (v)

to calculate an amount or value that is too low

đánh giá thấp

initial

happening at the beginning; first

accurate

calculated correctly

profit

money that you gain by selling things or doing business,
after your costs have been paid

ban đầu, bước đầu

Chính xác

Lợi nhuận


Word

Definition

Translation to Vietnamese

utility

a service such as gas, electricity or water provided for people to use

Tiện ích

relevant

directly relating to the subject being discussed or considered

quote

a price you will charge a customer for a service or product

permit

an official written statement giving you the right to do something

indirect cost

money that a business must spend, not directly on its products or

Liên quan

Báo giá

Giấy phép

Chi phí gián tiếp

services, but on other things such as buildings or wages
temporary

for only a limited period of time

Tạm thời


1. What is the surface area of this book? Estimate it and then measure to check. How much does it weigh?


2. Read the text about estimating. Do you agree with it?

E

stimating is at the heart of the construction

industry. Estimating is about calculating time,

materials, equipment costs and so on. If we overestimate, someone else gets job. If we
underestimate, we lose money. So it’s very important that we get it right.


3. Listen to contractor talking about estimating. Who is he speaking to?

4. Complete the contractor’s summary of the estimating process.

look at various documents
calculate
1 ……………………..our
initial estimate
get
2 ………………….......more accurate
add
3 ……………………....the profit
produce
4 ………………….…...an estimate


5. Here are some of the collocations from the listening. Match them and then underline them in audio scrip
6 on page 71

1. utility

a) fees

e

2. relevant

b) estimate

c

3. initial

c) information

b

4. subcontractor

5. legal

6. building

7. temporary

d

d) quotes

e) requirements

a

f) construction

g

f

g) permits


6. Find words in audio script 6 that are similar in meaning to:

1

equipment

2

initial

3

precise

4

indirect costs

5

papers

6

customer

7

offer

……………………………… material
.……………………………..
first
……………………………...
……………………………...accurate
……………………………...
overheads
……………………………...
documents
……………………………...
client
bid


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