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Thuyết trình tiếng anh xây dựng unit 3


Unit 3 Equipment

• talk about equipment
• explain faults
• deal with repairs

• discuss equipment for
a skyscraper project


Thủy lực

xích
Ổn định
nâng
Tải trọng
Hào hầm
đóng
Cọc


Xe ủi

Máy khoan

đào
Máy đóng cọc
Xe xúc



1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

uses hydraulics. _________________________
has tracks._____________________________
uses stabilisers._________________________
lifts loads. _____________________________

BG
GA
BHID

digs trenches. __________________________
drives piles into the ground.________________
breaks things. __________________________

GBE
E
I
FIE


Language


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

for

This machine is ……… driving piles into the soil.
to

This machine has a bucket which is used ……. scoop soil out of the ground.
This machine …….. lift heavy loads high in the air.
can

You ……. this machine to move large amounts of earth.
use

This machine …………. Electric from petrol.
makes

This machine …………… used for transporting concrete to high
is
parts of a construction site.
This machine is ………….
used . to transport people to high parts of a
construction site.


a) a crane

3

b) a lift/an elevator

7

c) a pile driver
d) a generator

1
5

e) a concrete pump/a cement pump

6

f) a backhoe
g) a bulldozer

2
4



Reading 6 Read these
extracts from
manufacturers'
sales
brochures. Name the
types of equipment they
describe.



A: I use a jackhammer in my job.
B: What do you use it for?
A: You use it for breaking up concrete


Unit 3 Equipment
Faults
Word

Definition

maintenance

a list that helps you by reminding you of the things you need to do to keep

checklist (n)

something in good condition

daily inspection (n)

a routine that is done every day to check that everything is satisfactory

Translation

Danh sách bảo trì,bảo quản

Sự kiểm tra hằng ngày

and running well

keep under

the process of watching someone or something carefully for a period of

observation

time

Giữ trong tầm quan sát

(v phr)
not applicable (phr)

used to show when information is not needed or is not relevant

fire extinguisher (n)

a metal container with water or chemicals in it, used for stopping small
fires

roll over protection

structures found in mobile operating equipment, e.g. seat restraints, seat

system (ROPS) (n)

belts which protect operators from injuries caused by vehicle accidents

Không áp dụng được

Bình chữa cháy


Unit 3 Equipment
Faults
Word

Definition

horn (n)

the thing in a vehicle that you use to make a loud sound as a signal or

Translation
Còi xe

warning
wiper (n)

a piece of equipment on a vehicle that removes rain from the windscreen

Cần gạt nước

seat belt (n)

a belt attached to the seat of a vehicle which you fasten around yourself

Dây an toàn

for protection in an accident

hose (n)

a rubber or plastic tube

belt (n)

a circular band of something such as rubber that connects or moves parts

Ống nhựa
Dây cua roa

of a machine
fluid reservoir (n)

the part of a machine or engine where a liquid is kept before it is used

damage (n)

a bad effect on something

Bình chứa nước

Hư hỏng


Unit 3 Equipment
Faults
Word

Definition

Translation

contents (n pl)

the things that are inside something, e.g. a box, room, vehicle

Số lượng

cleanliness (n)

the practice of keeping yourself or the things around you clean

Tính sạch sẽ

level (n)

the amount or degree of something

leak (n)

a small hole that lets liquid flow out of something

looseness (n)

something that is not tightly bound, held or fastened

bolt (n)

a screw with a flat head and no point, for fastening things together

tighten (v)

to close or fasten something firmly by turning it

Giữ chặt

torch (n)

a small electric lamp that you carry in your hand

Mỏ hàn

reservoir (n)

a part of a machine or engine where a liquid is kept before it is used

Mức độ

Rò rỉ
Sự lỏng lẻo

Bình chứa


Unit 3 Equipment
Faults



Reading 1. Read the maintenance checklist. Identify the piece of equipment it refers to.

Daily inspection checklist
Inspector:………………………………………………………………………… Date:………………………… Time:…………………….
Vehicle/Plant identification number:……………………………………….



= OK

O = keep under observation
ITEM

Safety

Cab

fire extinguisher

R = replace/repair
CHECK FOR

damage

first aid kit

contents

triangle

damage

ROPS

damage

glass/mirrors

damage, cleanliness

horn/lights

function

wipers
seat/seat belt
heater

wear,function
damage, function
function

N/A = not applicable
COMMENTS


Unit 3 Equipment
Faults


ITEM CHECK FOR COMMENTS

Engine

engine oil
hoses
belts
battery
general
fixtures,damage,cleanliness

•Other

Footer Text

fluid reservoirs
hydraulics
bucket

level, leaks
damage, leaks
wear, looseness
damage, cleanliness
loose/missing bolts or

levels, leaks
wear, damage, leaks
wear,edge, cleanliness

8/1/19

17


Unit 3 Equipment
Faults

 Listening

2 . Listen to two engineers going through the checklist in 1. Make notes and then complete the

Comment column. Use O or R form the key as necessary.

3 . Listen again. Write simple sentences to explain the meaning of

these sentences and

phrases.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

A couple of things. …There are the mirror and the belt……
I tightened it.

……I tightened the belt………

Anything else?

…The first aid kit and the fire extinguisher are missing..

I’ll speak to the security people.……………………………
Got a torch handy?

…………………….

Mohammed’s off sick.

……………………

Tell Farid it’s urgent

……………………


guage
The passive with be and get
We often use the be passive (be + past

The mirror is cracked .

participle) to show the state of something.

The hose is damaged .

We often use the get passive (get + past

It got fixed yesterday.

participle) to explain how things happened.

They got broken when we moved the box.

get + adjective
Note that we also use get followed by an

It got loose.

adjective to talk about how things

How did it get wet?

happened.


4. complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb bracktes.







1 the wiper got
2 The hoses are
3 The horn is
4 The reservoir
5 the rear brake light is

BROKEN

( break ).

( wear ).
WORE
(FIXED
fix ).
( damage ).
DAMAGED
( crack
).
CRACKED


5







Are these statement true (t) or False (F)? Correct the false statement

1 a mirror can get broken. (t/f)
2 a manual can get wet. (t/f)
3 a hose can get updated. (t/f)
4 a backhoe can’t get painted. (t/f)
5 a trench can’t get built. (t/f)


6 Match 1-5 to a-e to make sentences.

1
2
3
4
5

a)

The cup? It got broken
The manual? It got updated

litre.

The new total station? It got damage

b)

The tank? It got filled up at

c)
d)
e)

It got checked

2-D

In transit. There was too much
vibration.

The hydraulic fluid?

1-C

yesterday. Sam said he put in half a

3-E

when I was making tea. I dropped it.
last year. That’s an old version.
the petrol station before we left.

4-A

5-B


7 complete these conversation using get, gets or got

1 How did the windscreen

cracked ?

2 Where’s my sandwich?

get

By some stones.
He was driving too past.

3 Why didn’t you phone?

It

4 Why was John late?

I dropped it in a puddle.

5 Why are you packing up?

He

6 How did it

It

damage?
get

goteaten.
My phone
wet.
got

got lost.

dark at five.
gets
I’m not sure, probably in transit.


Speaking 8 work in pairs to talk about damaged piece of equipment. Student a: use the information below.

Student b: turn to page 68.





Student a: use all the words in the box. Decide what happened to the wheelbarrow
Bent

broken

bumper

dent

hit

truck

wheel

wheelbarrow

Student b: use all the words in the box. Make up your own explanation as to what happened to the
pipe



Broken

leaking

pipe

road

tyre marks

unprotected


THE PIPE

THE WHEELBARROW

-

BROKEN
HIT

-

BROKEN
LEAKING
UNPROTECTED


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