I didn’t have an umbrella so I got wet. 2. I didn’t have an umbrella………………I didn’t get wet" name="description"/>
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laguage focus unit 9 lớp 12

II. GRAMMAR
Exercise 1: Add so or but and a comma where appropriate.
(Thêm "so" hoặc "but" và dấu phẩy nơi thích hợp.)
1. I didn’t have an umbrella…………….I got wet.
=> I didn’t have an umbrella so I got wet.
2. I didn’t have an umbrella………………I didn’t get wet because I was
wearing a raincoat.
=> I didn’t have an umbrella, but I didn’t get wet because I was wearing a
raincoat.
3. The water was cold……………I didn’t go swimming.
=> The water was cold so I didn’t go swimming.

4. The water was cold……………I went swimming anyway.
=> The water was cold, but I went swimming anyway. (vì có anyway: dù thế
nào đi nữa)
5. Luan’s directions to his house weren’t clear………………Binh got lost.
=> Luan’s directions to his house weren’t clear so Binh got lost.
6. The directions weren’t clear…………….Binh found Luan’s house anyway.
=> The directions weren’t clear, but Binh found Luan’s house anyway.
7. Her friend lied to her ………………..she still likes and trusts him.
=> Her friend lied to her, but she still likes and trusts him.

8. Her friend lied to her………………..she doesn’t trust him anymore.
=> Her friend lied to her so she doesn’t trust him anymore.

Exercise 2: Underline the correct alternative in the following sentences.
(Gạch dưới từ thay thế đúng ở những câu sau.)


1. Dan didn’t study for the exam, however/but Lan did.
=> Dan didn’t study for the exam, but Lan did.
2. You could fly via Vienna; but/however it isn’t the only way.
=> You could fly via Vienna; however, it isn’t the only way.
3. They have lived next door to us for years, yet/however we hardly ever see
them.
=> They have lived next door to us for years, yet we hardly ever see them.
4. My friend and I were tired, so/however we went home early.
=> My friend and I were tired, so we went home early.
5. We had wanted to stay until the end of the game, but/however it got too late
for us.
=> We had wanted to stay until the end of the game, but it got too late for
us.

6. I understand your point of view. However/Although I don’t agree with it.
=> I understand your point of view. However, I don’t agree with it.
7. The normal pulse for an adult is between 60 and 80 beats per minute,
so/but/however excitement will make a pulse much faster.
=> The normal pulse for an adult is between 60 and 80 beats per
minute, however, excitement will make a pulse much faster.
8. The food didn’t look appetizing, but/however many people started eating.
=> The food didn’t look appetizing, but many people started eating.

Exercise 3: Add so, therefore or however where appropriate.
(Thêm so, therefore hoặc however nơi thích hợp.)
1. He worked hard,……………….he could earn much money.
=> He worked hard, therefore, he could earn much money.


2. The shrimp was only 2 dollars a kilo this week,……………….I bought three
kilos.
=> The shrimp was only 2 dollars a kilo this week, so I bought three kilos.
3. He’s been studying really hard, …………………….he can pass the exams.
=> He’s been studying really hard, so he can pass the exams.
4. She is still not good at Maths,……………she cannot be the best student in
her class.
=> She is still not good at Maths, therefore, she cannot be the best student
in her class.
5. OK, you can take Chemistry as your major. ………………. you should
remember that it is not easy to learn Chemistry.
=> OK, you can take Chemistry as your major. However, you should
remember that it is not easy to learn Chemistry.
6. The boy has chosen to do an MBA programme in Australia. …………..I
think you should let him go.
=> The boy has chosen to do an MBA programme in Australia. Therefore, I
think you should let him go.
7. It was already 6 p.m.,…………….we closed the office and went home.
=> It was already 6 p.m, so we closed the office and went home.
8. Advertisers often say that their products are the best. ……………….the real
quality is not as good as it is advertised.
=> Advertisers often say that their products are the best. However, the real
quality is not as good as it is advertised.



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