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Improvement effectiveness of the use of MRT by redeveloping MRT station area using land readjustment tool development challenges for ho chi minh city

Modern Metro Systems
for environmental friendly Megacities

Dr. Hieu, NGUYEN NGOC
MSc. Nam, TRAN HOANG
MSc. Van, DAO THI BICH
SUD, VGU


INTRODUCTION

1.

Background

2.

Basic questions

3.


LR analysis (MRT line 2)

4.

Discussions

11/18/2015

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

2


BACKGROUND

Hochiminh city

City class III (2010), 9 wards
109000 people (2015)

Area: 68km2, density 1607/km2
Growth
11/18/2015 rate: 1.05%
Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

Source: night view, internet, 2015

3


BACKGROUND

11/18/2015

Congestion and motor-cycles

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015 Source: internet, 2015

4


BACKGROUND

Threats - negatives

1. Saturated traffic – prolonged peak
hour – unplanned districts
2. Car transformation age

3. Low public transport mode share
4.4% & underuse of bus capacity
4. Increasing congestion situation
5. Dominant
quarters

poorly
(6/7

to

planned
4/5

Pham Van Hai station – line 2

of

population)
11/18/2015

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

5


BASIC
QUESTIONS
1.

Hopes - positives

Building pattern in new districts

Masteri project in District 2

may support better use of MRT
2.

Motorcycle condition will be

worsen while MRT is increasing
3.

People would change their habit
together with the evolvement of
TOD development.

4.

Commitment

of

new

Source: internet

generation/leaderships
5.

International integration.
11/18/2015

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

6


BASIC
QUESTIONS
1.

How

MRT & existing development
MRT’s

plays

its

role

given

the

existing

urban

development/building pattern? (high population density, dominant
informal economy, unplanned development, low density of road
accessible to buses, and motorcycles optimised)?
2.

How to encourage people using MRT given overwhelming use of
motorcycle (benefits of low cost, high accessible to small lanes and all

destination, flexible time, controlled, and easy for doing carrying goods
along)?
3.

How to make people use MRT given the existing walking habit (long

walking distance is a barrier in hot weather)?
11/18/2015

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

7


BACKGROUND

MRT line 2 – accessible to station by mode

Source: MAUR - IC, 2012
11/18/2015

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

8


BASIC
QUESTIONS

MRT other challenges
Network
improvement
takes long time worsen

Unparalleled
improvement
measures –
FINANCING
CAPACITY

Congestions @
stations due to
retails

MRT – more
feeder buses

11/18/2015

Satisfaction
level comparing
to motor cycles?

Challenges
Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

LR solutions?

9


LR ANALYSIS

Basic concept

Land Re-adjustment:
to distribute cost and
redistribute benefit
after investment

Capturing values by
internalizing
investment

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Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

10


LR ANALYSIS

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Applications

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

11


LR ANALYSIS

Application-redevelopment shinkansen station (1)

Before

After

Shinagawa Station opened for Shinkansen (in 2003)
Every Shinkansen stops at Shinagawa St. (from 2008)
Source: Masanori Tanaka, 2014
11/18/2015

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

12


LR ANALYSIS

Application-redevelopment shinkansen
station (2)

Source: Masanori Tanaka, 2014
11/18/2015

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

13


LR ANALYSIS

11/18/2015

Proposal LR – Giap Bat station

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

Source: JICA, 2015

14


LR ANALYSIS

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Proposal LR – Giap Bat station (2)

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

Source: JICA, 2015

15


LR ANALYSIS

MRT stations potential to apply value capture

Demand on
changes

High – transit
needs

High public hub
transformation

Needs to new
development?

Affordable
changes

Land use pattern
+ (high/low)

Space availability

Cost to convert?

Enabling
changes

Unable to use
public

Allow to change
FAR, incentives &
supporting
regulations

Enabling
regulation
changes?

11/18/2015

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

16


LR ANALYSIS

MRT stations probability

Rail – rail

Interchange (++)

Rail – buses
/BRT/ monorail

Existing hub

Space specific

Un-supporting
MRT

Convertible/
unused spaces

Allow to
increase FAR

Allow to change
incentives &
supporting
regulations

Regulations/plan

11/18/2015

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

17


LR ANALYSIS

Population density in MRT coverage areas

Source: MAUR - IC, 2012

Source: author
11/18/2015

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

18


LR ANALYSIS

Population density and MRT system
Districts
Quận 11
Quận 4
Quận 10

11/18/2015

Quận 5
Quận 3
Phú Nhuận
Quận 6
Gò Vấp
Tân Phú
Quận 1
Bình Thạnh
Quận 8
Tân Bình
Bình Tân
Thủ Đức
Quận 12
Quận 7
Hóc Môn
Quận 2
Quận 9
Bình Chánh
Nhà Bè
Chi
Dr. Hieu Nguyen NgocCủ
2015
Cần Giờ

population area

population density

226854

5.14

44135

18098

4.18

43297

230345

5.72

40270

171452

4.27

40152

190553

4.92

38730

174535

4.88

35765

249329

7.19

34677

52269

19.74

26478

398102

16.08

24758

180225

7.73

23315

457362

20.8

22031

408772

19.18

21312

421724

22.38

18843

572132

51.9

11026

442177

47.76

9258

40536.000

52.78

7680

244276

35.69

6844

349065

109.18

3197

14749.000

49.74

2965

256257

114.01

2248

420109

252.7

1663

101074

100.41

1007

343155

434.5

68846

704.2

Source: author using GSO 2009
79019
98


MRT stations

MRT in HCMC
line 1
Opera House
Ba Son
Ben Thanh (Line 1)
Package 2
Van Thanh Park
Tan Cang (Line 1)
Thao Dien
An Phu
Rach Chiec
Phuoc Long
Binh Thai
Thu Duc
High Teck Park
Suoi Tien Terminal
Long Binh Depot

line 2
S1 - Ben Thanh (Line 2)
S2 - Tao Dan
S3 - Dan Chu
S4 - Hoa Hung
S5 - Le Thi Rieng Park
S6 - Pham Van Hai
S7 - Bay Hien (Line 2)
S9 - Ba Queo (line 2)
S8 - Nguyen Hong Dao
S10 - Pham Van Bach
S11 - Tan Binh
S12-Tan Thoi Nhat
S13-Hung Thuan
S14-An Suong Terminal
S1E - Ham Nghi
14 S2E - Vong Cung
S3E - Cung Thieu Nhi
S4E - International Hospital
S5E - Binh Khanh
S6E - Thu Thiem
Tham Luong Depot

line 3
Depot
Cong Hoa (Line 3B)
Tu Du
Tao Dan
Ho Con Rua
Hoa Lu
Thi Nghe
Hang Xanh (Line 3B)
Mien Dong Terminal
Hiep Binh Chanh
Hiep Binh Phuoc
Hiep Binh
Hiep Binh Phuoc Depot

20

Line 4 (phase 1)
Thanh Xuan Depot
S1 - Thanh Xuan
S2 - Giao Khau
S3 - Nga Tu Ga
S4 - An Loc Bridge
S5 - An Nhon
S6 - Lam Son
S7 - Go Vap Intersection
S8 - 175 Hospital
S9 - Gia Dinh Park (Line 4)
S10 - Phu Nhuan Intersection (Line 4)
S11 - Kieu Bridge
S12 - Le Van Tam Park
11 S13 - Nha Van Hoa Thanh Nien
S14 - Ben Thanh (Line 4)
S15 - Hoang Dieu
S16 - Ton Dan
S17 - Tan Hung
S18 - Nguyen Thi Thap
S19 - Nguyen Van Linh
S20 - Phuoc Kien
S21 - Vinh Phuoc
S22 - Pham Huu Lau
S23 - Kho B
S24 - Long Kien
S25 - Ba Chiem
S26 - Long Thoi
S27 - Rach Doi
S28 - Hiep Phuoc Vocational School
S29 - Sport Park
S30 - International Hospital
S31 - TT Hiep Phuoc
S32 - Cay Xanh Park
S33 - Ben Tau Hiep Phuoc
Depot Hiep Phuoc

4b
S1B - Gia Dinh Park (Line 4B)
S2B - Tan Son Nhat
S3B - Lang Cha Ca

line 5
Da Phuoc Depot
S1 - New Can Giuoc Terminal
S2 - Da Phuoc
3 S3 - Phong Phu
S4 - Trinh Quang Nghi
S5 - Vanh Dai Trong
S6 - Nguyen Van Linh
S7 - District 8 Coach Station
S8 - Tung Thien Vuong
S9 - University of Medicine and Phramacy
S10 - 3 Thang 2
S11 - Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology
S12 - Bac Hai
S13 - Tan Binh Market
S14 - Bay Hien (Line 5)
S15 - Lang Cha Ca
S16 - Hoang Van Thu Park
S17 - Phu Nhuan Intersection (Line 5)
S18 - Nguyen Van Dau
S19 - Ba Chieu Market
S20 - Bach Dang
S21 - Hang Xanh (Line 5)
S22 - Tan Cang (Line 5)

line 6
Ba Queo (line 6)
Au Co
Thong Nhat
Tan Phu
Hoa Binh
Dam sen
Phu Lam (line 6)
U-turn
U-turn
9

22

33

11/18/2015

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

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LR ANALYSIS

11/18/2015

Catchment capacity – line 2 – R500 assumption

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

21


LR ANALYSIS
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

MRT line 2 population within walking distance

station
ward
district
population density walking area population
S1E - Ham Nghi
Nguyen Thai
District
Binh Ward
1
26761
21007
S2 - Tao Dan
Ben Thanh District
Ward 1
15257
11977
S3 - Dan Chu
Ward 11 District 10
49322
38718
S4 - Hoa Hung
Ward 13 Ward
District 10
48942
38419
S5 - Le Thi Rieng Park
Ward 15 District 10
35789
28094
S6 - Pham Van Hai
Ward 7 Tan Binh District
32591
25584
S7 - Bay Hien (Line 2)
Ward 11 Tan Binh District
44250
34736
S8 - Nguyen Hong Dao
Ward 14 Tan Binh District
33083
25970
S9 - Ba Queo (line 2)
Tay Thanh Ward
Tan Phu District
13421
10535
S10 - Pham Van Bach
Tay Thanh Ward
Tan Phu District
13421
10535
S11 - Tan Binh
Tay Thanh Ward
Tan Phu District
13421
10535
Tham Luong Depot
Tan Thoi Nhat
District
Ward
12
11411
8958
S12-Tan Thoi Nhat
Tan Thoi Nhat
District
Ward
12
11411
8958
S13-Hung Thuan
Tan Thoi Nhat
District
Ward
12
11411
8958
S14-An Suong Terminal Ba Diem Ward
Hoc Mon District
7044
5530
S2E - Vong Cung
Thu Thiem Ward
District 2
3452
2710
S3E - Cung Thieu Nhi
Thu Thiem Ward
District 2
3452
2710
S4E - International HospitalAn Loi DongDistrict
Ward 2
1599
1255
S5E - Binh Khanh
Binh KhanhDistrict
Ward 2
4354
3418
S6E - Thu Thiem
An Phu Ward
District 2
1750
1374

11/18/2015

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

Source: author

22


LR ANALYSIS

11/18/2015

Space specific Le Thi Rieng station – good layout

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

23


LR ANALYSIS

Space specific Pham Van Hai station – bad layout

No bay for buses or taxis or ‘xe om’ area
Not enough space for walking
No preparation for retail concentration around station
in future
11/18/2015

Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

24


LR challenges

Improvement & accessibility – line 2 - Bay Hien

Main interchange probably attract large
commercial development
Solutions for redesign the area with the
LR11/18/2015
concept – exhibition centre.
Dr. Hieu Nguyen Ngoc 2015

25


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