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University relocation

8/23/2012

INTRODUCTION

Structure

International Geographical Congress
Urbanisation & Demographic change
Governance & Informality

1. Introduction
2. University booming
3. HCMC metropolis planning
4. Planning implementation
5 Discussions
5.
Di
i
6. Conclusion
Nguyen Ngoc Hieu & Le Thuy Ha
Cologne, 27 Aug 2012


INTRODUCTION

Background 



Congestion and overpopulated city
centre
Unresolved development control over

NATIONAL – REGIONAL – HOCHIMINH CITY

past years
Fast growth on student ‘s number and
universities
i
iti
Students and universities are to blame
on congestion

1


8/23/2012

UNIVERSITY
BOOMING

UNIVERSITY
BOOMING

HCMC

Countryrising

INCREASEOFSTUDENTSANDSCHOOLSINHCMC
Mức độ tăng dân số, diện tích, trờng, sinh viên
1997 tại
2007
1976-2007
TP.HCM
2010

TIMES
Lần
18,0
16,0
14,0
12,0
10,0
80
8,0
6,0
4,0
2,0
0,0

16,69
POPULATION
DS(vạn
ng)

7 11
7,11
1,95
1,0
1,0

1976

UNIVERSITY
BOOMING

Region/HCMC

1,38

2007

AREA(km2)
DT

1200000freshmen

1.8million students

4.5million students

3 regions

5regions

HanoiandHCMC

Reduceconcentration
inHCMC

Trờng
SCHOOLS
SV
(vạn)
STUDENTS

UNIVERSITY
BOOMING

Region



85 universities/colleges (21% of the
country)
540000 students (33% of the whole
country)

HCMC






67 universities/colleges (67% region)
486000 students (94% region)
Land occupation: 400 ha
A
Average:
12-13m2/Student
12 13 2/St d t
Majority of universities: 8-10
m2/Student

2020

420000freshmen

Sinh viên
1.600.000
1 400 000
1.400.000
1.200.000
1.000.000
800.000
600.000
400.000
200.000
-

Tổng quy mô đo tạo sinh viên đại học,
cao đẳng

1.520.000
1.000.000
490.000

Năm 2008

ha

HCMCdevelopmentneeds

610.000

Năm 2010

Năm 2015

Năm 2020

Dự báo nhu cầu sử dụng đất XD trờng ĐH - CĐ
vùng TP.HCM

14.000

12.300

12.000
10.000
8.000

6.600

6.000
4.000
2.000

4.000
980 320

-

Dự báo
Hiện trạng

Năm 2008

Năm 2010

Năm 2015

Năm 2020

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8/23/2012

UNIVERSITY  
BOOMING 

UNIVERSITY  
BOOMING 

HCMC
School distribution

Student distribution

HCMC

No more land to
develop
Universities already in
congested area
Restriction on

State-Owned universities
Non-State Owned universities – new development
Colleges

development in the city
centre

Institutes

HCMC Economics University in the 1 District

Projects
Large universities (>20000 students)

PLANNING 
POLICY

Multi nodal metropolis

• Multi nodal metropolis
• One large core centre
MULTI-NODAL CITY – CONTROL OF THE CENTRE – IMPLEMENTATION

• Several sub-centres
• Development radius 15Km
• 4 poles of development
• Spreading outward to the region

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8/23/2012

PLANNING 
POLICY

Development
direction

UNIVERSITY  
BOOMING 

University spatial development plan

Control area in the centre
30 Km satellite cities
4 development dimensions and
direction
N th West
North
W t
 North East
 Sout West
 South East

PLANNING 
POLICY

2008

University relocation

Withdraw from the centre
5 new location outwards
New 1600 ha for relocation
Surrender old campus
Assistance for relocation

Direction for new locations in HCMC
2008‐2020

PLANNING 
POLICY

2025

Stay and move

May keep historical - iconic university
Move new universities in congested
areas
No more use of old campus after
moving

Schedule for relocation

4


8/23/2012

PLANNING 
POLICY

University relocation

No new development in the
centre
MULTI-NODAL CITY – CONTROL OF THE CENTRE – IMPLEMENTATION

No more use of old campus
after moving

Old 
campus

New 
campus

Detailed planning in new
area unwelcomed

IMPLEMENTATION  Universities reluctance

IMPLEMENTATION   Underlying reasons

 Detailed planning puzzles
 Problematic land occupation strategies
 Dispute on implementation plan
 Shared infrastructure development
dilemma
 No master investor and financial

 Voluntary vs Obligatory
 Benefit vs loss
 Uncertainty vs Certainty
 Gain & loose
 Preconditions

problems
 Old campus questions

5


8/23/2012

IMPLEMENTATION   Planned destination 

IMPLEMENTATION   Changing motivation

 Satellite cities & new locations
 Physical infrastructure

Moving cost moving benefit

 Social infrastructure

Opportunities cost

 Job opportunities

Leading and leadership

 Human resource availability

Organisation & Obligations

 Accessibility and amenity
 Push & Pull

CONCLUSION

Push and pull

 Weak law enforcement & regulations
 Incentive vs. planning enforcement
Findings & Discussions

 Old and new campus
 Investment
I
t
t and
d actual
t l costt
 Capacity & capability

6


8/23/2012

CONCLUSION

University and town

 Dead outside town
 Accessibility &
distance

27 th August, 2012
Cologne

 Amenity & services
 High skilled labour &

Hieu.nqt@gmail.com
lethuyha2803@yahoo.com

 Opportunities

7



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