Tải bản đầy đủ

Phương pháp thảo luận nhóm trong dạy học môn đường lối cách mạng của đảng cộng sản việt nam theo định hướng phát triển năng lực cho sinh viên các trường đại học tt tiếng

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING
HANOI NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION
----------

MAI THU TRANG

GROUP DISCUSSION METHODS IN TEACHING
REVOLUTIONARY POLICY OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY
VIETNAM SUBJECTS ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT CAPACITY TO
STUDENTS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF HO CHI MINH CITY

Major:

Theory and teaching method of political education subjects

Code:

9.14.01.11

RECAP FOR THESIS OF DOCTOR OF EDUCATION SCIENCE


HANOI - 2018


The thesis is completed at:
HANOI NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION

Scientific adviser:

1. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Võ Văn Thắng
2. Dr. Nguyễn Văn Long

Reviewer 1: .....................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
Reviewer 2: .....................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
Reviewer 3: .....................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................

The thesis is protected before Supervised Thesis belonging to department level meeting at
Hanoi National University of Education, 36 Xuan Thuy, Cau Giay, Hanoi.
At…..hour…...minute…..date…..month….year 2018

To be possible to find the thesis at library:
1. National Library.
2. Library of Hanoi National University of Education.


PUBLISHED SCIENTIFIC PROJECT
1.

Mai Thu Trang (2016), “Innovation teaching political theory courses in Ho Chi Minh
City Pedagogical University today.” International scientific conference Research and
teaching political theory of global trends Publishing House political theory.

2.

Mai Thu Trang (2017), “ Principle approach oriented group discussion in teaching
technical capacity Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam” Journal
of Education and Social (Journal of theoretical studies, educational forum of the
Association of Universities, Colleges Vietnam).

3.

Mai Thu Trang (2017), “Measures to improve efficiency in the group discussion
method of teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam”
Journal of Education and Social (Journal of theoretical studies, educational forum of
the Association of Universities, Colleges Vietnam).

4.

Mai Thu Trang (2018), “Several factors affect the methods used in teaching group
discussion subjects Revolutionary way of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented
capacity development”. Journal of Education and Social.


1

PREAMBLE
1. Rationale of the research topic
Discussion groups as a form of teaching in universities featured many advantages in
forming and developing the capacity for learners. Through a series of activities to explore,
study and debate was held intentionally in group discussions in class, students will have
many opportunities to acquire good knowledge, grasp the road to knowledge, training and
skills, thinking and attitude, style of scientific work in a positive and effective. This means
the group discussion method is a tool for truly effective action capacity development for
students. However, on a practical method of group discussions there is no rightful place and
not become a form of teaching independence in the structure of the organizational forms of
teaching and university education in Vietnam today.
Revolutionary policy of the Communist Party of Vietnam is the scientific arguments
for the leadership of the Party, is a compulsory subject for students of universities in our
country, is located extremely important during excavation create high-quality human
resources for society. It is those who have moral qualities, political quality and professional
capacity to contribute to society. In particular, they must be imbued with ideology, the party
line. Requires schools to better organize the teaching and learning of the Revolutionary
ways of Communist Party of Vietnam. This requires innovation powerful teaching method
towards capacity development for students.
Acutely aware of these issues, with the desire to contribute to the renovation
fundamental and comprehensive process training university in our country, I choose content
"Method group discussion in teaching revolutionary way of studying the Communist Party
of Vietnam oriented capacity development for students of universities in Ho Chi Minh city
"as the subject of my thesis.
2. Research Purpose
Clarify the basis of the theory and practice of the subject, the proposed process
pedagogical use of effective methods of group discussion in teaching subjects
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development,
contribute to capacity building of students and the quality of teaching this subject at
universities in Ho Chi Minh.
3. Research tasks
- Research and theoretical basis and practical methods in teaching group discussion
subjects Revolutionary ways of Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity
development.
- Survey the current situation conducted group discussion method of teaching subjects
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development,
specify restrictions and the reasons for such restrictions.


2

- Recommended the principles, processes primarily to use effective methods of group
discussion in teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam
oriented capacity development.
- Conduct experiments to test his pedagogical effectiveness and feasibility of the
process proposed in the thesis.
4. Guests can, object and scope of research
4.1. Guests can study
Subject teaching process Revolutionary ways of Communist Party of Vietnam oriented
capacity development at the university.
4.2. Research subjects
Principles, processes using group discussion method of teaching subjects
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development for
students of universities in Ho Chi Minh City.
4.3. Research scope
- Content: The thesis research methods group discussions, principles, processes using
methods group discussion in teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party
of Vietnam oriented capacity development in the University.
- Surveying Practice: Organization of pedagogic practice in 5 schools (University of
Pedagogy in Ho Chi Minh University of Technology - Vietnam National University of Ho
Chi Minh City University of Architecture, University of Industry , Hoa Sen University).
- Time: Conduct surveys and pedagogic practice in the school year 2016-2017.
5. Scientific Theory
The application of the process approach group discussion in teaching subjects
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development
for students effective not only equip students with the knowledge base about half the
revolutionary ways of Communist Party of Vietnam but also contribute to capacity
development of students, meet the requirements of outcomes, improve the quality and
efficiency of subject teaching in university.
6. The methodology and research methods
6.1. Methodology
The thesis uses the methodology of dialectical materialism and historical materialism;
the views of the Party and the State on education reform and training. Thesis was based on
the theory of education, teaching modern perspective and teaching methods Political
Education Department.
6.2. Research Methods
6.2.1. Group theoretical research methods
The method is used in combination: logic, history, analysis, synthesis, interpretation,
induction, comparison, generalization, systematization ... to perform the tasks of the thesis.


3

6.2.2. Group practice research methodology
- Methods of investigation: by the questionnaire, the survey aimed to find out the
status of teaching using methods group discussion subjects Revolutionary ways of the
Communist Party of Vietnam in the training of students in universities The current.
- Methods of observation: observe the attitude, positivity and excitement of students
learning the hours of lesson plans of teachers (experimental class and control class); through
classroom observation, teaching classroom in teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the
Communist Party of Vietnam.
- Depth interview method: Use open questions interviews faculty, educators with
experience and prestige in teaching on the status of subject teaching.
- Summation method the educational experience: Use to research articles, scientific
papers, reports ... generalize the experience of educators. Take it as a scientific basis for
developing methods used in the group discussion method of teaching subjects
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development.
- Research Methods Product: Product Research Student (report presentations, product
submit, tests ...), reviews syllabi, lesson plans of teachers to support the survey methodology
and empirical methods in pedagogy.
- Experimental Methods: Experimental pedagogy to analyze, evaluate, compare the
experimental group and the control group through the impact of the experiment and
demonstrate scientific theories of the subject.
6.2.3. Methods support
- Expert method: Consult of some scientists in proposal development, selected
research methods and ways of organizing methods group discussion in teaching subjects
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party Vietnam oriented capacity development.
- Methods of mathematical statistics: this method is used to process the documents,
data and research to draw comments and conclusions objectively valuable. Simultaneous
processing of survey data obtained from empirical reality and by statistical and SPSS
software to draw the necessary conclusions.
7. The need to protect arguments
- Discussion group teaching methods have an important role for the formation of
general competencies such as energy cooperation, the capacity to solve the problem, selfstudy ability, capacity creative thinking as well as the capacity characteristics such as the
capacity of critical thinking, practical capability, capacity to use information and
communications technology in teaching subjects revolutionary ways of the Communist
Party of Vietnam oriented energy development force.
- To operate effectively in group discussion method of teaching subjects Revolutionary
ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development needs to perform
synchronization principles proposed in the thesis.


4

- More focus should implement measures pedagogy proposed in the thesis in order to
improve the effectiveness of teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party
of Vietnam by means of group discussions oriented capacity development in the water at
present.
8. The new contribution of the thesis
First, systematize and clarify some theoretical issues about group discussion method in
teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity
development at the university.
Second, assess the situation using the method discussed in teaching subjects groups
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development in
universities today.
Third, build processes and propose pedagogical principles to conduct focus group
discussions in teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam
oriented capacity development.
9. The structure of the thesis
Besides the introduction, conclusion, references, appendices, the thesis is divided into
four chapters.

CHAPTER 1
OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGY IN TEACHING GROUP
DISCUSSION MON REVOLUTIONARY POLICY OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY
VIETNAM ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT CAPACITY
1.1. Overview of group discussion method of teaching-oriented capacity
development
1.1.1. Group discussion method
In human history, the idea of teaching methods to promote positive altitude of learners
and learner-oriented teaching was the thinker, educator major concern mentioned. In
particular, recent studies in the world dedicated to teaching attention by means of the core
group discussions bring educational value consistent with the times.
There are many domestic and foreign authors research on learning in groups with
different approaches and under many different names, such as cooperative education, small
group learning; learning standpoint interactive learners - learners ... are affirmed based
learning medium group promoting positive initiative of the students, in order to meet the
requirements, the task of learning appropriate to development trends of modern teaching.
However, works on the new stop at general theoretical studies, no work no specific studies
on methods of group discussion in teaching oriented capacity development.


5

1.1.2. Group discussion method of teaching-oriented capacity development
Teaching oriented capacity development requires the use of multiple methods,
organizational forms of teaching in a positive direction to activate students contributed to
the formation and development of specific competencies for learners. Therefore, in the
study of teaching-oriented capacity development are more or less refers to methods of
group discussion as a method of active teaching has many advantages in developing
ability learners.
However, the majority of the research based on a common view of the world education
in the form of books, documents translated by a number of projects to provide trainers in
programs and projects, topics Master theses, doctoral thesis ... but not really new
contributions, contribute individually adapted to particular practice of Vietnam's education
and practical teaching subjects revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam
Male. So when teachers use group discussion method on teaching practices facing many
difficulties, embarrassment, applied mechanically without understanding the nature of how
this teaching should result not high. The specific science also has many authors interested in
using the method of discussion groups but studies focusing on objects primary school
students, high school students, and college students less discussed come.
1.2. The study of group discussion method in teaching subjects Revolutionary
way of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development
There are many authors in the study of water use in the group discussion method of
teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam with different
approaches, under many different names. Most of the authors have confirmed the teaching
approach group discussions has promoted the positive initiative of the students, in order to
meet the requirements, the task of learning appropriate to the development trend of modern
teaching. However, works on the new stop at theoretical research generally, no work no
specific research on the use of methods of group discussion in teaching subjects
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam under capacity development
orientation for students.
1.3. These issues need to go deep dissertation research
- To further confirm the role of the method of group discussion in teaching college in
general, teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam in
universities in Ho Chi Minh City in particular and give concepts, roles, how to do group
discussion method oriented capacity development in teaching subjects revolutionary ways
of the Communist Party of Vietnam.
- Investigate and assess the situation using the methods of group discussion in teaching
subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity
development at universities in Ho Chi Minh City, from which see the necessity of using this
method in universities in Ho Chi Minh.


6

- Affirming the scope implementation methods group discussions oriented capacity
development not only at the university but can use discussion groups at universities in Ho
Chi Minh City and throughout country.
- Propose requirements and construction methods used in the group discussion
method of teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam
oriented capacity development at the university today.
- Design a professional lecture Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of
Vietnam which uses pedagogical methods that thesis proposal.
CHAPTER 2
RATIONALE AND PRACTICE FOR GROUP DISCUSSION METHODS
TEACHING MON REVOLUTIONARY POLICY OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY
VIETNAM ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT CAPACITY
2.1. Rationale for PPTLN in teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist
Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development
2.1.1. Common issues for group discussion method in teaching oriented capacity
development
2.1.1.1. Group discussion method
- On the concept of method group discussion: "Methods of group discussion is a form
of learning in which to achieve the goal of teaching the students to work together in small
groups, each member of the group are involved in solving the learning task in a certain
period of time under the organization, control and guidance of the trainer "concept is the
most scientific.
- Basic characteristics of group discussion method of teaching:
+ Having positive dependence
+ Have direct interaction
+ Personal responsibility high
2.1.1.2. Teaching oriented capacity development
Curriculum oriented capacity regulation results desired output of the process of
education, not regulation of the teaching content in detail, on the basis of which give general
guidance on the selection of content , methods and ways of organizing and evaluating the
results of teaching in order to ensure implementation of the objectives of teaching means to
achieve the desired outputs.
Pros: emphasize the capacity of students to apply, facilitate quality management
according to the outputs specified.
- Limitations:
+ It may affect the system of knowledge and the creation of basic knowledge gap.
+ Depends on the implementation process.
2.1.1.3. Group discussion method of teaching-oriented capacity development


7

Group discussion in teaching oriented capacity development is the process of teacher
organizations, drivers, guide students to prepare, study and participate in presentations,
discussions, debate among groups of owners discussion to develop in students the ability
matching system with the goal of training standards for output and ensure personal activities
effectively.
When organizing group discussions oriented capacity development, the role of the
teacher is very important, besides the role organizing teaching activities, teachers have to
indicate to students the competencies yet need discipline through such activities; while
teachers organize instruction, training students with the necessary capacity to help students
participate in group discussions more efficient. The specific capacity was measured in the
following criteria: maturity, flexibility, creativity and efficiency.
2.1.2. Group discussion method of teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the
Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development
2.1.2.1. Teaching subjects Revolutionary way of the Communist Party of Vietnam
oriented capacity development
Teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented
capacity development will help shape and develop general competencies: energy
cooperation, the capacity to solve the problem, self study, creative thinking capacity as well
as specific competencies: critical thinking ability, practical ability, the capacity to use
information and communications technology.
2.1.2.2. The role of group discussion method of teaching subjects Revolutionary ways
of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development
In teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of Communist Party of Vietnam oriented
capacity development, group discussion method has an important role in shaping and
developing the general capacity of the following:
- Capacity cooperation
In each discussion topic, the members have the same obligation to every individual
must have a high sense in implementing the group's overall work most effectively. Each
member is an important link in the group can not be separated. Discipline, team spirit and
unity is formed in the process of group discussion. This helps students to create atmosphere
of trust, mutual encouragement and to strengthen the relationship friend. By mobilizing the
power of the collective, the learner will achieve things that alone can hardly be realized.
- Problem-solving capacity
Lecturers will gradually establish and develop the capacity to solve the problem for
learners to create a series of topic / situation problem and control the activities of the
students to themselves to resolve the problems their learning. Used method group
discussion, problem solving capability will be expressed through the following:


8

+ Self-identified student learning goals is to develop ourselves.
+ Encourage students to positive thinking in order to solve the problem.
+ Encourage students to share, cooperate intellectual challenges.
- Self-learning capability.
Capacity development study for students through group discussion in teaching subjects
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam, in addition to factors fostering and
stimulating, forming motives, needs, goals and feelings self-learning, the basic elements are
self-taught developers how a scientific and efficient through the development of action
competence of learners. Namely: capacity development options, self-learning detection
problem; information search capability, data service self-learning process; capacity
development in developing and implementing self-study plan; capacity to solve the problem
during the study.
- Creative thinking capacity.
In the process of deployment methods discussion group to study subjects
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam, the students will learn and absorb
a lot of lessons about capacity creative thinking of the Party, and while reflecting the
creativity in solving the problem and presents the results of the group. Moreover, the
creation of the collective will be created when the creativity of each member of the group to
be consolidated.
Comes from the characteristics of the content subjects Revolutionary ways of the
Communist Party of Vietnam, the conduct used methods group discussions in the process of
teaching the discipline-oriented capacity development also contribute to the development of
the specific capabilities for students, namely:
- Critical thinking capacity.
In group discussions, critical thinking helps students think the problem with many
solutions ranging in many different directions, admits things are not correct themselves,
willing to admit what is true, disprove the wrong of others, listen to and respect the opinions
joining debate. From there, students will control the emotions of oneself and establish good
relationships between team members and the team together. Moreover, critical thinking
helps learners from receiving and processing information on the basis of selection,
screening, avoid one-sided as to solve the problem.
- Practical capacity
With the goal: equipped with basic knowledge about policies and guidelines and the
process of formation and development as well as lessons learned valuable experiences of
Vietnam's revolution, to build the intelligentsia professional enough NL tectonic advanced
country, modern require practical. With the purpose of "school to work" students must grasp
the knowledge about policies and guidelines and orientation of the Party for each specific
content to use in their work in the future. Therefore, the practical knowledge and PP
behaves, to solve the problem is a very high demand when using group discussion method


9

in teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam.
- Capacity to use information and communications technology.
In teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam, in
addition to the functions of formation and development of general competencies and duties
of subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam was to establish and
develop the students the tools capabilities including key capability in an era of digital
technology is the ability to use information and communications technology. It is the ability
to identify and manipulate with software systems / technology tools to search, collect,
organize and manage information related to Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of
Vietnam service for learning and research.
2.1.2.3. Factors affecting the use of group discussion method of teaching subjects
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development
- How to organize teaching activities of faculty
- Cognitive activity of students
- Environment and geographical study
2.1.2.4. Required when using the method discussed in teaching subjects groups
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development
- To the teacher
- To the students
2.2. Practical basis using group discussion method of teaching subjects Revolutionary
ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development for students
of universities in Ho Chi Minh City today
2.2.1. Characteristics of students in the area of Ho Chi Minh City
Ho Chi Minh City is the economic center of the country, with economic growth rates
high, located in the southern key economic. On average, students in Ho Chi Minh City has
the following basic characteristics:
- Advantages:
+ Dynamic, creative, always interested in the topical issues in the country and the
world, frankly express their opinion before exercise.
+ There are many unique and creativity during school hours ...
- Limitations:
+ Order, discipline, learning is not guaranteed due to the "multi-cultural regions'
+ No learning methods, inadequate living conditions ...
In the teaching process, teachers must take into account the characteristics of the
students in general and the characteristics of students in the area of Ho Chi Minh City in
particular to find a way, effective teaching methods.
2.2.2. Condition survey method using group discussion in teaching subjects


10

Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development
for students of universities in Ho Chi Minh City today
In order to understand the status and cause of teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of
the Communist Party of Vietnam by means of group discussions oriented capacity
development has not reached high results, the authors conducted a survey the use of
teaching methods in the following areas:
2.2.2.1. The reality of the teaching staff and classroom organization
2.2.2.2. Awareness of teachers and students on the use of group discussion method of
teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam in universities in
Ho Chi Minh
2.2.2.3. Awareness of teachers and students about the capacity is formed using group
discussion method in teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of
Vietnam oriented capacity development
2.2.3. Assessing the situation using group discussion method in teaching subjects
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development
2.2.3.1. Assess the current status survey
Through the survey, the authors found that the use methods of group discussion in
teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity
development with the following issues:
- The surface achieved:
+ Group discussion method oriented capacity development have been many teachers
use.
+ Teachers were aware of the role of group discussion method oriented capacity
development, initially with knowledge and skills to organize the
implementation of this teaching method
+ Both teachers and students will identify the competencies required for the
formation and development of students through group discussions oriented
capacity development.
+ Trainers combine flexible teaching methods with some other methods.
+ Students interested in teaching by means of group discussions oriented
capacity development and complies with the requirements for the trainer to
conduct this teaching method.
- Limitations:
+ Many teachers have not understood the characteristics and requirements of the
teaching method should you use to teach just a formality
+ Lecturers are not really investing time in preparing lesson plans, study plans of
students
+ Developing the capacity of students through group discussion in teaching subjects
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam has not been recognized properly.


11

+ The majority of teachers are not combined with effective methods of group
discussion which is primarily used in conjunction with the presentation method.
+ The selection of topics is appropriate when conducting group discussions have not
been properly concerned faculty.
+ No proper assessment for students.
2.2.3.2. The causes affecting the methods used in teaching group discussion subjects
Revolutionary way of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development at
universities in Ho Chi Minh
- For teachers:
+ Access to group discussion method oriented capacity development is still limited.
+ Organizational capacity of faculty control, which can not be based on the content of
the unit to determine the task of learning and organizational forms appropriate group
discussion ...
+ Teaching by means of group discussions oriented capacity development no
scientific process, in particular.
+ Lecturer not know how to organize groups of students reporting the results the group.
- For students:
+ Because no proper awareness of group discussions oriented capacity development
+ Most active longer formal group, focus on creating products to pay
+ Most students are weak and lack the skills of teamwork
+ Facilities have yet to meet for group activities, students crowded, no proper
attention of the leaders and the school ...
2.2.3.3. The problem posed when using group discussion method in teaching subjects
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development at
universities in Ho Chi Minh
From surveying practices and assess the situation using the methods of group
discussion in teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam
oriented capacity development shows the need to resolve a number of problems later :
Firstly, there should be measures to help the lecturer and students aware of the need to
conduct group discussion in teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party
of Vietnam oriented capacity development .
Second, looking out the principles and measures for efficient use of group discussion
method oriented capacity development in order to maximize internal resources of learners.


12

CHAPTER 3
PROCESS PRINCIPLES AND METHODS USED
IN TEACHING GROUP DISCUSSION MON REVOLUTIONARY POLICY
OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY VIETNAM ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT
CAPACITY IN UNIVERSITIES HO CHI MINH CITY
3.1. The principles used in the group discussion method of teaching subjects
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development
3.1.1. Ensure the objectives of the course
This is the principle of consistency and transparency in the entire process of teaching
in general, use the method group discussion in teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the
Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development in particular. This goal is
clearly stipulated in the curriculum requires teachers follow the standards of knowledge,
skills and attitudes. In particular, teachers should clearly identify the competencies to be
achieved in the lessons, subjects, on that basis, organize discussion groups in order to
achieve its objectives.
3.1.2. Ensuring Party and scientific
Party and scientific calculation united together in honest reflection, objectively
revolutionary policy of the Party on the basis stance methodology and political orientation
of the Party and our country today. If the principle of the Party being counted properly
uphold the historic principle of becoming rich, authentic and science became more
profound.
3.1.3. Ensure practical and theoretical with practical mounting
Theoretical contact practice is the principle of theoretical work in general. Lecture
subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam has practicality will make
the guidelines and policies of the Party in the renovation became close, from the confusing
and complex the issues simple , receptive. This is all the more so with the general teaching
in the universities, with the object school student who has less life experience, not reach the
different sectors of society. Moreover, incorporating elements into teaching practices
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam is also a practical contribution in
propagating the thorough guidelines and policies of the Party and State.
3.1.4. Ensure active learners
In teaching Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam, securing and
promoting active learners help students realize the leap in awareness, capture the essence of
the concept concepts, categories, event-related subjects; while contributing to research and
develop new ones; deep understanding of theoretical knowledge to apply flexibility and
creativity in professional practice, avoiding dogmatic thinking or empiricism. On the other


13

hand, the promotion of positive action in student awareness also contribute to capacity
building activities subsequent career as a scientific staff, technical qualifications and skills.
3.2. Processes using group discussion method in teaching subjects Revolutionary
ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development
According to the author, the process used in the group discussion method of teaching
subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity
development includes 3 stages according to the following diagram:


14

3.2.1. Preparation activities oriented group discussions develop capacity
3.2.1.1. Purpose
Create a positive effect when using group discussion method in the process of teaching
subjects Revolutionary ways of Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity
development.
3.2.1.2. Content implementation
Step 1: Build topic / discussion group situations
Construction theme selection / situations to organizations discussed the problem first
decide the success of the implementation process. Moreover, this is a group discussion in
teaching should topics / situations to discuss an issue related directly to the lesson content
and teaching must fit through group discussion.
Step 2: Determine the outcome of the quality and capacity of each lesson in the subject
Revolutionary ways of Communist Party of Vietnam
Outcomes of the quality and capacity of each lesson in the subject Revolutionary ways
of the Communist Party of Vietnam is the concretization of the objectives of the course of
the outputs of the qualities and competencies that students need achieved after each lesson.
Standard definition output capacity of the lessons both requirements, as well as a
measure to improve the efficiency of using methods of group discussion in teaching subjects
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development.
Step 3: Divide the group and assigned to groups
Depending on content and tasks that teachers choose a grouping (tasked) accordingly.
Trainers may conduct random grouping or perhaps grouped by intention.
Step 4: Introduction and student study guide reference.
Preparation for group discussion should be a reference system varies. The list of
documents associated with each topic will be formed by teachers and students adds.
This content will help train students work habits everywhere (in the classroom, at home
and library).
3.2.1.3. Implementation conditions
Construction homed topic / discussion group situations
Homed determine outcomes of the lesson,
Homed divided groups to discuss
Homed introduce and guide students to study references


15

3.2.2. Organize group discussion activities oriented capacity development
3.2.2.1. Purpose
Professional capacity building, career; rehearsals for students scientific research skills;
exercise patience, engines, fostering excitement, passion for research, academic research, ...
3.2.2.2. Content implementation
During this period, teachers are the guidance to students actively reflect, discuss and
debate (objections) to master the content knowledge of subjects, applying knowledge, skills
acquisition is in the process of research topics / situations in professional practice later. This
phase consists of two steps:
Step 1: Organizing, guiding students to conduct group discussions
After stabilizing groups and students grasp their duties, teachers guide students to the
discussion. To discuss the process of cooperation in the group brings high efficiency in a
limited time, both teachers and students need to pay attention:
- To the students
- About the instructor
Step 2: Organize the report group discussion group results
During the whole process the organization uses group discussion method oriented
capacity development, reported the group's final stage, ending a string of activities ongoing
efforts of student groups. Therefore, the operating results of the group reporting products
directly determines the success or failure of the process of working
- On the organizational plan for the representative group report
- The product forms presented the group's report
3.2.2.3. Implementation conditions
- Instructor: to control a flexible manner to suit each particular situation.
- Students: debate, discussion, analysis, peer reviews, arguments to defend research results.
3.2.3. Test and evaluation activities group discussions oriented capacity development
3.2.3.1. Purpose
From the test results, assessment, teachers can classify and evaluate students correct,
complete, accurate teaching quality of both teachers and students.
Through the examination form, evaluation, both teachers and students will accumulate
more experience and consciously choose methods of teaching and learning more effective.


16

3.2.3.2. Content implementation
The renewal inspection and evaluation using group discussion method of teachingoriented capacity development should comply with the following sequence:
- First, before the evaluation, teachers need to delve into the purpose of the inspection
form and evaluation.
- Second, determine the full information and detailed content of the test problems,
develop criteria to assess the scale of the clear indicators for each content to be evaluated.
- Third, teachers must independently analyze the student's work, comparing the results
with the standard assignments and offer a most objective assessment.
With the way the trainer checks must also calculate and pay attention to the following
content:
- Evaluated quantitatively
- Qualitative evaluation
- General assessment
To ensure objectivity in the evaluation process when using methods group discussion
in teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented
capacity development, faculty should coordinate harmoniously self evaluation and mutual
evaluation of students in each group for the evaluation of teachers.
Step 1. Self-assessment and mutual evaluation of students
- Peer review
- Self assessment
- The assessment team working together results
- Evaluation process
- Assessed according to technical instruction 321
Step 2. Comments, evaluation of teachers
Through the rubric of the group members, records of the group and the evaluation
criteria other, along with the faculty of observation, recording changes the operation of the
group and based on the product specific groups, teachers will have the accurate assessment
of each group.
3.2.3.3. Implementation conditions
- Ensure objectivity
- Ensure fairness
- To evaluate the different capabilities of students


17

CHAPTER 4
PEDAGOGIC PRACTICE METHOD FOR USE
IN TEACHING GROUP DISCUSS TECHNICAL GUIDELINES OF REVOLUTION
COMMUNIST PARTY VIETNAM ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT ABILITY TO
STUDENTS UNIVERSITIES IN HO CHI MINH CITY
4.1. Experimental plan
4.1.1. Practical purposes
Pedagogic practice to verify the feasibility and efficiency of the processes used method
of group discussion oriented capacity development in teaching subjects Revolutionary ways
of the Communist Party of Vietnam at the university level at the Ho Chi Minh city.
4.1.2. Organizing principle experiment
The process of organizing pedagogic practice must adhere to the following principles:
- Ensure objectivity, science, respect the content of textbooks, curriculum
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam
- Ensuring the diversity of the field experiment, groups of science and technology,
natural sciences, social sciences and humanities and standards of professional qualification
and profession of the faculty teach real experience.
- Ensure consistency, objectivity and comprehensive process of evaluating both the
experimental group and the control layer.
4.1.3. Places and objects of empirical organizations
Conduct experiments in many universities in Ho Chi Minh. Specifically: University of
Polytechnic, University of Education, University of Architecture, University of Industry, Hoa Sen
University I choose 2 classes per school students to do experiments and controls. The student
class not too disparity in academic and orderly learning, cognitive level equivalent.
4.1.4. Experimental Methods
Stage 1: Experimental exploration.
Phase 2: Experimental impact.
4.2. Experimental organization
4.2.1. Time, units of experimental development
Pedagogical experiment conducted during the school year 2016-2017.
To ensure objectivity and evaluate the effectiveness of the thesis, the author selected five
major universities, typically in the area of Ho Chi Minh City: University of Technology,
University of Architecture, University Industry, University of Education, University of Lotus
4.2.2. Empirical content
Empirical content are two chapters in the program subjects Revolutionary ways of
Communist Party of Vietnam.
- Chapter III: The line of resistance against the French colonialists and the US
imperialists invaded (1945 - 1975)
- Chapter IV: The way of industrialization- Compose experimental lesson


18

- Conducting experiments
+ Step 1: Develop a plan experiments
+ Step 2: Organize teaching experimental and control.
+ Step 3: Collect, process data and evaluate experimental results.
4.2.3. The criteria for evaluating experimental results
Quantitative evaluation: After completion of each test exercise, we are conducting the
classes take tests to get information evaluation experimental results with the proposed
measures. To receive the degree to understand and remember the lesson of the students, I
made the form of inspection and evaluation for student presentations in groups. In both two
groups of experimental and control classes, test questions are the same. Exam students are
evaluated based on four levels of awareness is to know, understand, apply, contact practice.
The assessment of cognitive lessons of students based on criteria such as: degree of
completion of the work assigned; ability to apply knowledge (thinking level achieved, the
logical and clever in use); the results of the cognitive process of learning to complete the
examination and evaluation of teachers.
Scale test results, evaluated according to a scale of 10 and divided into 4 levels:
Type solid: 9-10 points, type pretty: 7-8 points, intermediate-: 5-6 points, type Weak :
less than 5 points,
Qualitative evaluation: Author has an exchange with experimental lecturer monitor the
students prepared lessons; level of proactive, positive, self learning; the ability to detect
problems related to the lesson content; individual ability of each task, the level of
excitement, passionate learn all, the level of participation in joint activities of the group ...
Besides, I conducted interviews with questionnaires and interviews for both faculty
and students after teaching experiment for additional basis for evaluating more precisely the
qualitative empirical results based on the following expression:
- Attitude
- Skills
- Evaluation activities organized by students
Assess the degree of capacity development group discussions, the levels: good, fair,
medium and weak.
4.2.4. Methods of processing experimental results
After the data, the authors synthesized and processed results by mathematical
statistical methods in science education. We measured the knowledge and skills (in tests)
and student attitudes after impact (using questionnaires). The data collected was we study
treatment according to the manipulation of research methods impact (action research). From
the data obtained and the degree of influence to determine the reliability of the results
obtained, the authors confirmed the results of the experiment is a scientific basis and
meaningful implementation in practice processes proposed in the thesis.


19

4.3. Experimental results
4.3.1. Stage 1 - Experimental exploration
Results in a higher class group experimental control group class. Grade point average
of experiments is 7.719 while the average of the control layer is 6,995. The difference in the
average of the experimental class than the control layer is 0.724. In particular, the standard
deviation of the experimental class is 1,402; the standard deviation of the control layer is
1.623. Thus, through the process of experimental teaching faculty, academic results of
experimental class students made more progress in the control layer. This first manifested in
the results of the two groups of experimental and control classes differ in the level of good
points, fair, average, weak and poor. In the experimental classes, students gain a weakness,
lower average grade control and ratio of students scored quite well relatively high, higher
than the rate in the layer control (weaknesses - poor and the average in the experimental
group accounted for 58% grade, point quite well reaching 43%. By contrast, in the control
group class, weaknesses and average 62% and 38% pretty good).
4.3.2. Stage 2 - Empirical impact
At this stage the author conducted empirical control through 2 lesson.
Test results, empirical assessment impact is assessed by the following:
− Awareness, attitudes
− Results academic scores
− The results formed, developing the skills of students
4.3.3. General assessment of experimental results
From the experimental results, through the analysis of experimental results on the
aspects and the past comments of the faculty, the use of methods of group discussion in
teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party Vietnam-driven capacity
development was planned, systematic, according to the specific measures which up to now
has not been mentioned. With the input level of the two groups of experimental classes and
controls were similar but the authors found that the quality of most of the knowledge, skills,
the formation of academic qualifications, professional competence of students groups
experimental classes higher than the control class. Specifically:
− The proportion of students achieving quite good through the tests in the experimental
classes higher than the control class.
− Students in the experimental group mastered grade study skills courses
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam by means of group discussions
oriented capacity development than the control group class.
− In the experimental teaching hours of learning activities of students are diverse,
clearly shows the positive, proactive and excitement.


20

− The faculty participated taught experimental and officials in charge of expertise were
rated very good way, the process of teaching by means of group discussion subjects
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development
across all experiments.
In total, operating experimentally satisfactory and quality. Lecturer enthusiastic and
responsible in expressing the idea of the subject. Serious student, actively carry out
experimental activities. Lively class atmosphere, high quality test promises widely applied
new teaching methods in universities. This result has confirmed the scientific hypothesis
that subjects mentioned. Also, the experimental results also proved proposals on how this
new teaching is feasible, consistent with the goal of teaching practice Revolutionary ways of
Communist Party of Vietnam at the university.
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
From serious research and experimental measures using methods oriented group
discussions develop teaching capacity in the above, the author draws the following
conclusions:
1. The teaching in universities in particular and in general education system in our
country today activities must focus on teaching learners to exploit their intellectual
potential. Teaching by means of group discussion is one of the important measures to
actively merchandise cognitive activities of learners, concretize the policies and guidelines
of the Party and the laws of the state of education reform say General including innovative
teaching methods, the use of methods of group discussion oriented capacity development in
teaching contribute to improving the quality of education in general and teaching subjects
revolutionary ways of the Communist Party Vietnam at universities in Ho Chi Minh city in
particular today.
2. For the system of theories of group discussion method, the thesis has contributed to
clarify some issues in teaching. Specifically, the thesis clarify some basic concepts such as
teaching methods, teaching college, methods of group discussion, group discussion method
oriented capacity development; nature and the important role of group discussions oriented
capacity development in teaching... Using the method of group discussion oriented capacity
development with the proposed process is essential to positive cultural activities of learners
achieving education targets set.
3. Survey of the actual use of group discussion method of teaching subjects
Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam in universities in Ho Chi Minh
City showed that the majority of teachers teach using group discussion method of teaching,
but no way, scientific methods, in particular. Through the survey, the author also clearly see
trainers still have trouble using the method discussed team-oriented capacity development in


21

teaching, teachers do not have a scientific organization, justified under a regulation and the
specific measures. Therefore, subject teaching quality is not high, no positive student
learning. With the theoretical research methods group discussions oriented capacity
development in teaching has been some study authors but no plausible suggestions, depth
range, the scope, object and how to manipulate the group discussion method of teaching
subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity
development at universities in Ho Chi Minh.
4. The thesis research knowledge Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of
Vietnam and the selection of appropriate content knowledge, practically applicable methods
group discussions oriented capacity development. From the general orientation for the
application method group discussions oriented capacity development, the thesis proposes a
number of concrete measures to apply methods of group discussion in teaching subjects
Revolutionary ways of Party Vietnam's communist-oriented capacity development. The
process of teaching, defining the objectives and tasks of teaching hours has always been
conscious standing is: to equip students sufficient scientific knowledge to the discipline,
skills, professional capacity students, from knowledge learned students creatively applied
learning and real life poses. Moreover, this thesis proposes the teaching of this subject
should be closely combined with practical reasoning are important principles necessary.
Teaching always take into account both the subjective and objective in the process of
implementation. Methods, active teaching methods used in teaching to promote the
effectiveness of the application method group discussions oriented capacity development.
Lecturers are encouraged and often suggest using the communicative approach in teaching
the subject to create a classroom atmosphere friendly and open but organized, disciplined. In
the way of teaching in class, priority use of open questions, exercises require higher-order
thinking in students, the comparable counterparts, strengthening institutions for students of
practical activities, group discussions, choosing forms to different classes to apply methods
group discussions oriented capacity development, using active teaching techniques and
modern technical means.
5. Based on the results of theoretical studies and practical with theoretical teaching
perspective, the thesis has proposed specific measures and conducted experiments for
teachers can organize seminars teaching method focus groups with subjects revolutionary
ways of Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development at universities in Ho
Chi Minh.
Measures such as construction of the topics discussed appropriate group; combined
with group discussion method of presentation; Using the techniques taught in group
discussions; organizations working experience in group discussions for students; Organizational
test, evaluate learning outcomes for students, each proposed measures are implemented
according to specific procedures. The use of group discussion method in teaching subject
knowledge Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity


22

development to ensure teaching point toward today's professionals. In the teaching process,
students active, independent and full of excitement, gradually formed, trained, developed for
students viencac skills, ability to learn, such as group discussions, seeking knowledge from the
different learning objects, presentations, collaboration, and problem solving stated; Essential
thinking capacity... At the same time, the way of teaching has demonstrated creativity,
integration - cross disciplines in the construction and use of teaching methods and facilitate the
implementation of activities faculty teaching and student learning.
6. The results of the study confirmed the significant use of group discussion method of
teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam oriented capacity
development consistent with the level of awareness and capacity thinking power of students,
consistent with the characteristics of the courses, effective teaching hours high faculty
participation teaching experiment, the teacher is to teach, managers appreciate the measures
that the authors propose and that can be deployed on a large scale.
However, this is only a guide in many ways towards implementing subject teaching.
Each direction of teaching capable of using the method, different measures, have their own
advantages, it is important that teachers and students use and promotion of the advantages
that the lesson of how to improve the quality of teaching subjects and achieve educational
objectives set out in the teaching process.
REQUEST
Survey process and experimental development also shows that some problems exist in
teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist Party of Vietnam by means of
group discussions oriented capacity development are now fully can overcome. Accordingly,
the authors offer the following recommendations:
1. The Ministry of Education and Training: to research and innovation content,
curriculum, encouraging autonomy in curriculum development of the local school to subject
knowledge of the Party Revolutionary way Communist Vietnam associated with local
practices and training fields. Need to increase the duration of the program to discuss the
subject. This is the condition to help solve the problem of time when performing tasks and
present the results of the group. Will have pro forma status, form of group discussion if time
spent too much theory.
2. With universities and colleges: to ensure better facilities to facilitate group learning.
Conducting group discussion in teaching subjects Revolutionary ways of the Communist
Party of Vietnam oriented capacity development should ensure the following conditions:
First, the teaching space. Reasonable teaching space will help the trainers divided the
group, monitoring the activities of the individual and the group easily. Moreover, the
cooperation of the members of the group have also become tighter. Since then, thanks to the
links created the collective strength of the group, the common task of the group will be
solved faster. One of the factors affecting the quality of group discussion and objectivity of
results of group discussion is the distance between the groups in the classroom. To mitigate


Tài liệu bạn tìm kiếm đã sẵn sàng tải về

Tải bản đầy đủ ngay

×

×