Tải bản đầy đủ

đề thi thử tiếng anh THPTQG 2019 lần 1 trường chuyên nguyễn trãi – hải dương (1)

TRƯỜNG THPT CHUYÊN
NGUYỄN TRÃI
Code : 001

KỲ THI THỬ TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG QUỐC GIA
NĂM HỌC 2018-2019 (LẦN 1)
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút (không kể thời gian giao đề)

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs
from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
1. A. prioritise
B. privacy
C. determined
D. strive
2. A. chooses
B. increases
C. releases
D. practises
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three
in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
3. A. confusion

B. pollution
C. influence
D. removal
4. A. renewable
B. influential
C. advantageous
D. beneficial
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction
in each of the following questions.
5. It (A)was suggested that Tom(B) study the material (C)thoroughly before attempting (D) passing the exam.
6. (A)Despite the roadblock, the police allowed (B)us to enter the (C)restriction area to search (D)for our
friends.
7. When we arrived (A)at the shop (B)to buy the dishes (C)advertise in the newspaper, we learned that all of
them had (D)been sold.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
8. I was upset to learn that my first opponent would be Sam Muller, who .......... part in tournaments for no less
than ten years.
A. was taking
B. has been taking
C. had been taking
D. took
9. The road in front of my house needs .............
A. repairing
B. be repaired
C. to repair
D. of repairing
10. At Lunar New Year (Tet) festival, each ethnic group in Vietnam has its own culinary specialties
..................... reflect the culture of their people and are used as offerings to worship their ancestors.
A. that
B. which
C. ∅
D. A and B are correct
11. On Sundays, many people take their cars to service stations ..............
A. to get the oil refilled B. to get the oil refill
C. to refill the oil
D. to make the oil refilled
12. The Vietnam men’s national football team has climbed one place from 100th to 99th in the latest FIFA
rankings thanks to their excellent results at the Asian Cup 2019, ................. the website Footy Rankings.
A. according to
B. based on
C. related to
D. in view of
13. .............. contained in the chromosomes, and they are thought of as the units of heredity.
A. Genes which are
B. Genes are
C. When genes
D. Because of genes
14. The expansion of the natural history museum is most ........... the cause of significant revenue increases.
A. probabilities
B. probability
C. probable
D. probably
15. One of the ......... for being a lifeguard is knowing emergency first aid for someone having a heart attack.
A. backgrounds
B. requests
C. requirements
D. accomplishments
16. No large ............. lakes are found in the state of South Carolina.
A. natural
B. habitual
C. environmental
D. atmospheric
17. The water workers' claim for a 10 percent pay rise has been under ........... by the government.
A. application
B. inquiry
C. regard
D. consideration
18. Vietnam welcomes the second US-Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) summit, planned in
Hanoi on Feb27-28, and strongly supports dialogues to maintain peace, security and stability ................ the
Korean Peninsula.
A. at
B. on
C. for
D. of
19. She managed to ......................... university the first time she tried.
A. come into
B. get into
C. pass to
D. enter to
20. A little farther down the street ........................
A. is the house I used to stay at
B. there is a house where I used to stay in
C. the house is the place where I used to stay
D. is there a house in which I used to stay
21. Stop acting like a child. In a few weeks, you'll be coming of ............ and nobody will tolerate your foolish
behaviour any longer.


A. childhood
B. age
C. mistake
D. immaturity
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the
underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
22. As children we were very close, but as we grew up, we just drifted apart.
A. were not as friendly as before
B. were not as serious as before
C. were not as sympathetic as before
D. were not as childlike as before
23. The notice should be put in the most conspicuous place so that all the students can be well-informed.
A. easily seen
B. beautiful
C. popular
D. suspicious
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the
underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
24. She was brought up in a well-off family, so she can't understand the problems we are facing.
A. wealthy
B. kind
C. broke
D. poor
25. The river should be controlled in order to facilitate navigation.
A. make difficult
B. make impossible
C. make unpopular
D. make busy
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete
each of the following exchanges.
26. John: "Do you think that we should use public transportation to protect our environment?" Laura: " .... "
A. Yes, it's an absurd idea.
B. There's no doubt about it.
C. Of course not. You bet.
D. Well, that's very surprising.
27. "What a nice watch you're wearing." " ................ "
A. I'm with you. I'll buy another one for you.
B. Thanks. I bought it on my trip to Switzerland.
C. Sure. That's the best watch on sale.
D. No harm done. You can take it.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair
of sentences in the following questions.
28. I ate the soup. After that, I remembered that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
A. It was not until I ate the soup did I remember that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
B. As soon as I remembered that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of soup I ate it.
C. Only after eating the soup did I remember that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
D. Hardly had I forgotten to give my little sister some of it when I ate the soup.
29. I will leave a message for you with my secretary. It is possible that I will be out when you telephone.
A. As long as it might happen that I am out when you telephone, I will leave a message for you with my
secretary.
B. I will leave a message for you with my secretary in case I am out when you telephone.
C. Unless you telephone when I am out, I will leave a message for you with my secretary.
D. Providing that I will leave a message for you with my secretary, I will be out when you telephone.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to
each of the following questions.
30. Residents of the area like to go to the park to enjoy a tea break after taking a walk along the shore.
A. After having a stroll along the shore, people living in this area enjoy going to the park and having a tea
break.
B. If you are tired after walking along the shore, people here suggest that you should go to the park for a tea
break.
C. The park by the shore is a wonderful place for residents to have a tea break when they go for a walk.
D. Enjoying a tea break with the residents of the park can be very enjoyable after a long walk along the shore.
31. It does not seem very probable that Eric will be able to find a new apartment before he has to leave his old
one.
A. Eric doesn't think he will be able to find a new apartment before he is thrown out of his old one.
B. Eric's search for a new apartment while there is still time may well succeed, but only if he works really hard
at it.
C. It is hardly likely that Eric will be unable to find a new apartment before he is out on the streets.
D. That Eric's search for a new apartment will be successful before he has to vacate his old one appears highly
unlikely.
32. She is currently writing a historical book about food, which will include old recipes and the history behind
them.
A. At the moment, she is collecting recipes and the historical information behind them for the book which she


intends to write on food.
B. The book she is writing at the moment is on the history of food, with old recipes and stories behind them.
C. There are many interesting historical facts behind the old recipes to be found in her book, which is a history
of food.
D. The book she is writing is actually a historical book, but it also contains information about old recipes and
the stories behind them.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.
Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc has delivered Vietnam’s strong message, aspiration, and determination
to become a “country of renovation and creativity” and an economy with globally extensive (33) ........... when
engaging in every activity of the World Economic Forum (WEF) 2019 in Davos, Switzerland.
He participated in 37 activities where he and heads of State and Government leaders of 50 countries and
executives from (34) ............ groups around the globe discussed and dialogued matters relating to the forum’s
theme “Globalization 4.0: Shaping a Global Architecture in the Age of the Fourth Industrial Revolution”.
PM Phuc said the Fourth Industrial Revolution is “knocking” on every enterprise and bringing profound
changes that no country can be an outsider, and (35) ........ Vietnam’s wish to become one of the passengers at
the (36) ......... of the Industry 4.0 train, and enthusiastically work with other countries to build a wealthy world.
In Davos, PM Phuc and WEF President Borge Brende had a dialogue themed “Vietnam and the World”,
which is the first-ever event on Vietnam held by the WEF. Through the dialogue, PM Phuc conveyed strong
messages about Vietnam’s development and international integration, asserting that (37) .................. the
current circumstance, Vietnam has maintained an economic growth and socio-political stability that
demonstrates itself a reliable destination for foreign investors coming to do business.
33. A. connection
B. connectivity
C. connector
D. connect
34. A. first
B. leading
C. strong
D. rich
35. A. expressed
B. mentioned
C. cherished
D. showed
36. A. carriage
B. station
C. back
D. forefront
37. A. on
B. with
C. for
D. in
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the questions
As computer use becomes more common, the need for security is more common than ever. One of the
greatest security threats in the online world is computer hacking.
Computer hacking is the unauthorized access to a computer or network of computers. Hackers are people
who illegally enter systems. They may alter or delete information, steal private information, or spread viruses
that can damage or destroy files. But how exactly can a hacker get into a system to do these things?
Most hackers use information called protocols that are built into computer software. These protocols allow
computer to interact with one another. Protocols are sort of like computer police officers. When a computer
connects to another system, the protocols check to see if the access is valid. The protocols can also determine
how much information can be shared between the two systems. Hackers can manipulate the protocols to get
unlimited access to a computer system.
In fact, just the act of entering a computer network is considered hacking. This is commonly called passive
hacking. Passive hackers get a rush from just being able to access a challenging system like a bank or military
network. Another kind of hacker tries to do damage to a system. After hacking into systems, these hackers
release viruses or alter, delete, or take information. Known as active hackers, they are, by far, the more
dangerous of the two.
The easiest way to protect a system is with a good password. Long and unusual passwords are harder for
hackers to guess. For even greater security, some online services now use “password-plus” systems. In this
case, users first put in a password and then put in a second code that changes after the user accesses the site.
Users either have special cards or devices that show them the new code to use the next time. Even if a hacker
steals the password, they won’t have the code. Or if the hacker somehow gets the code, they still don’t know
the password.
38. What is the main idea of this reading?
A. Famous hackers
B. Funny things that hackers do.
C. Hackers and computer security
D. Good ways to stop hackers.
39. What do hackers do to get into a computer?
A. Spread viruses B. Change the security programs
C. Make a new password
D. Manipulate codes
40. What is not considered hacking?
A. Releasing a virus
B. Illegally accessing a computer


C. Turning on a private computer
D. Changing unauthorized information
41. Why are active hackers probably considered more dangerous than passive ones?
A. Active hackers are more skilled.
B. Passive hackers have more intense personalities.
C. Active hackers do damage.
D. Passive hackers are caught more easily.
42. What does “plus” in “password-plus” probably mean?
A. Extra
B. Long
C. Fast
D. Danger

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the questions
Scientists have discovered that for the last 160,000 years, at least, there has been a consistent relationship
between the amount of carbon dioxide in the air and the average temperature of the planet. The importance of
carbon dioxide in regulating the Earth's temperature was confirmed by scientists working in eastern Antarctica.
Drilling down into a glacier, they extracted a mile-long cylinder of ice from the hole. The glacier had formed
as layer upon layer of snow accumulated year after year. Thus drilling into the ice was tantamount to drilling
back through time.
The deepest sections of the core are composed of water that fell as snow 160,000 years ago. Scientists in
Grenoble, France, fractured portions of the core and measured the composition of ancient air released from
bubbles in the ice. Instruments were used to measure the ratio of certain isotopes in the frozen water to get an
idea of the prevailing atmospheric temperature at the time when that particular bit of water became locked in
the glacier.
The result is a remarkable unbroken record of temperature and of atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide.
Almost every time the chill of an ice age descended on the planet, carbon dioxide levels dropped. When the
global temperature dropped 9°F (5°C), carbon dioxide levels dropped to 190 parts per million or so. Generally,
as each ice age ended and the Earth basked in a warm interglacial period, carbon dioxide levels were around
280 parts per million. Through the 160,000 years of that ice record, the level of carbon dioxide in the
atmosphere fluctuated between 190 and 280 parts per million, but never rose much higher-until the Industrial
Revolution beginning in the eighteenth century and continuing today.
There is indirect evidence that the link between carbon dioxide levels and global temperature change
goes back much further than the glacial record. Carbon dioxide levels may have been much greater than the
current concentration during the Carboniferous period, 360 to 285 million years ago. The period was named for
a profusion of plant life whose buried remains produced a large fraction of the coal deposits that are being
brought to the surface and burned today.
43. Which of the following does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Chemical causes of ice ages
B. Techniques for studying ancient layers of ice in glaciers
C. Evidence of a relationship between levels of carbon dioxide and global temperature
D. Effects of plant life on carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere
44. According to the passage, the drilling of the glacier in eastern Antarctica was important because it__ .
A. allowed scientists to experiment with new drilling techniques
B. permitted the study of surface temperatures in an ice-covered region of the Earth
C. provided insight about climate conditions in earlier periods
D. confirmed earlier findings about how glaciers are formed
45. The phrase "tantamount to" in line 5 is closest in meaning to___.
A. complementary to B. practically the same as C. especially well suited to D. unlikely to be confused with
46. According to the passage, scientists used isotopes from the water of the ice core to determine which of
following?
A. The amount of air that had bubbled to the surface since the ice had formed
B. The temperature of the atmosphere when the ice was formed
C. The date at which water had become locked in the glacier
D. The rate at which water had been frozen in the glacier
47. The word "remarkable" in line 12 is closest in meaning to ___.
A. genuine
B. permanent
C. extraordinary
D. continuous
48. The passage implies that the warmest temperatures among the periods mentioned occurred ___.
A. in the early eighteenth century
B. 160,000 years ago
C. at the end of each ice age
D. between 360 and 285 million years ago
49. According to the passage, the Carboniferous period was characterized by____ .
A. a reduction in the number of coal deposits
B. the burning of a large amount of coal
C. an abundance of plants
D. an accelerated rate of glacier formation
50. The passage explains the origin of which of the following terms?
A. Glacier
B. Isotopes
C. Industrial Revolution
D. Carboniferous period


TRƯỜNG THPT CHUYÊN
NGUYỄN TRÃI
Code : 001

KỲ THI THƯ TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG QUỐC GIA
NĂM HỌC 2018-2019 (LẦN 1)
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút (không kể thời gian giao đề)

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs
from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
1. A. prioritise
B. privacy
C. determined
D. strive
2. A. chooses
B. increases
C. releases
D. practises
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three
in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
3. A. confusion
B. pollution
C. influence
D. removal
4. A. renewable
B. influential
C. advantageous
D. beneficial
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction
in each of the following questions.
5. It (A)was suggested that Tom(B) study the material (C)thoroughly before attempting (D) passing the exam.
6. (A)Despite the roadblock, the police allowed (B)us to enter the (C)restriction area to search (D)for our
friends.
7. When we arrived (A)at the shop (B)to buy the dishes (C)advertise in the newspaper, we learned that all of
them had (D)been sold.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
8. I was upset to learn that my first opponent would be Sam Muller, who .......... part in tournaments for no less
than ten years.
A. was taking
B. has been taking
C. had been taking
D. took
9. The road in front of my house needs .............
A. repairing
B. be repaired
C. to repair
D. of repairing
10. At Lunar New Year (Tet) festival, each ethnic group in Vietnam has its own culinary specialties
..................... reflect the culture of their people and are used as offerings to worship their ancestors.
A. that
B. which
C. ∅
D. A and B are correct
11. On Sundays, many people take their cars to service stations ..............
A. to get the oil refilled B. to get the oil refill
C. to refill the oil
D. to make the oil refilled
12. The Vietnam men’s national football team has climbed one place from 100th to 99th in the latest FIFA
rankings thanks to their excellent results at the Asian Cup 2019, ................. the website Footy Rankings.
A. according to
B. based on
C. related to
D. in view of
13. .............. contained in the chromosomes, and they are thought of as the units of heredity.
A. Genes which are
B. Genes are
C. When genes
D. Because of genes
14. The expansion of the natural history museum is most ........... the cause of significant revenue increases.
A. probabilities
B. probability
C. probable
D. probably
15. One of the ......... for being a lifeguard is knowing emergency first aid for someone having a heart attack.
A. backgrounds
B. requests
C. requirements
D. accomplishments
16. No large ............. lakes are found in the state of South Carolina.
A. natural
B. habitual
C. environmental
D. atmospheric
17. The water workers' claim for a 10 percent pay rise has been under ........... by the government.
A. application
B. inquiry
C. regard
D. consideration
18. Vietnam welcomes the second US-Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) summit, planned in
Hanoi on Feb27-28, and strongly supports dialogues to maintain peace, security and stability ................ the
Korean Peninsula.
A. at
B. on
C. for
D. of
19. She managed to ......................... university the first time she tried.
A. come into
B. get into
C. pass to
D. enter to
20. A little farther down the street ........................
A. is the house I used to stay at
B. there is a house where I used to stay in
C. the house is the place where I used to stay
D. is there a house in which I used to stay
21. Stop acting like a child. In a few weeks, you'll be coming of ............ and nobody will tolerate your foolish
behaviour any longer.


A. childhood
B. age
C. mistake
D. immaturity
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the
underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
22. As children we were very close, but as we grew up, we just drifted apart.
A. were not as friendly as before
B. were not as serious as before
C. were not as sympathetic as before
D. were not as childlike as before
23. The notice should be put in the most conspicuous place so that all the students can be well-informed.
A. easily seen
B. beautiful
C. popular
D. suspicious
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the
underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
24. She was brought up in a well-off family, so she can't understand the problems we are facing.
A. wealthy
B. kind
C. broke
D. poor
25. The river should be controlled in order to facilitate navigation.
A. make difficult
B. make impossible
C. make unpopular
D. make busy
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete
each of the following exchanges.
26. John: "Do you think that we should use public transportation to protect our environment?" Laura: " .... "
A. Yes, it's an absurd idea.
B. There's no doubt about it.
C. Of course not. You bet.
D. Well, that's very surprising.
27. "What a nice watch you're wearing." " ................ "
A. I'm with you. I'll buy another one for you.
B. Thanks. I bought it on my trip to Switzerland.
C. Sure. That's the best watch on sale.
D. No harm done. You can take it.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair
of sentences in the following questions.
28. I ate the soup. After that, I remembered that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
A. It was not until I ate the soup did I remember that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
B. As soon as I remembered that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of soup I ate it.
C. Only after eating the soup did I remember that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
D. Hardly had I forgotten to give my little sister some of it when I ate the soup.
29. I will leave a message for you with my secretary. It is possible that I will be out when you telephone.
A. As long as it might happen that I am out when you telephone, I will leave a message for you with my
secretary.
B. I will leave a message for you with my secretary in case I am out when you telephone.
C. Unless you telephone when I am out, I will leave a message for you with my secretary.
D. Providing that I will leave a message for you with my secretary, I will be out when you telephone.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to
each of the following questions.
30. Residents of the area like to go to the park to enjoy a tea break after taking a walk along the shore.
A. After having a stroll along the shore, people living in this area enjoy going to the park and having a tea
break.
B. If you are tired after walking along the shore, people here suggest that you should go to the park for a tea
break.
C. The park by the shore is a wonderful place for residents to have a tea break when they go for a walk.
D. Enjoying a tea break with the residents of the park can be very enjoyable after a long walk along the shore.
31. It does not seem very probable that Eric will be able to find a new apartment before he has to leave his old
one.
A. Eric doesn't think he will be able to find a new apartment before he is thrown out of his old one.
B. Eric's search for a new apartment while there is still time may well succeed, but only if he works really hard
at it.
C. It is hardly likely that Eric will be unable to find a new apartment before he is out on the streets.
D. That Eric's search for a new apartment will be successful before he has to vacate his old one appears highly
unlikely.
32. She is currently writing a historical book about food, which will include old recipes and the history behind
them.
A. At the moment, she is collecting recipes and the historical information behind them for the book which she


intends to write on food.
B. The book she is writing at the moment is on the history of food, with old recipes and stories behind them.
C. There are many interesting historical facts behind the old recipes to be found in her book, which is a history
of food.
D. The book she is writing is actually a historical book, but it also contains information about old recipes and
the stories behind them.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.
Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc has delivered Vietnam’s strong message, aspiration, and determination
to become a “country of renovation and creativity” and an economy with globally extensive (33) ........... when
engaging in every activity of the World Economic Forum (WEF) 2019 in Davos, Switzerland.
He participated in 37 activities where he and heads of State and Government leaders of 50 countries and
executives from (34) ............ groups around the globe discussed and dialogued matters relating to the forum’s
theme “Globalization 4.0: Shaping a Global Architecture in the Age of the Fourth Industrial Revolution”.
PM Phuc said the Fourth Industrial Revolution is “knocking” on every enterprise and bringing profound
changes that no country can be an outsider, and (35) ........ Vietnam’s wish to become one of the passengers at
the (36) ......... of the Industry 4.0 train, and enthusiastically work with other countries to build a wealthy world.
In Davos, PM Phuc and WEF President Borge Brende had a dialogue themed “Vietnam and the World”,
which is the first-ever event on Vietnam held by the WEF. Through the dialogue, PM Phuc conveyed strong
messages about Vietnam’s development and international integration, asserting that (37) .................. the
current circumstance, Vietnam has maintained an economic growth and socio-political stability that
demonstrates itself a reliable destination for foreign investors coming to do business.
33. A. connection
B. connectivity
C. connector
D. connect
34. A. first
B. leading
C. strong
D. rich
35. A. expressed
B. mentioned
C. cherished
D. showed
36. A. carriage
B. station
C. back
D. forefront
37. A. on
B. with
C. for
D. in
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the questions
As computer use becomes more common, the need for security is more common than ever. One of the
greatest security threats in the online world is computer hacking.
Computer hacking is the unauthorized access to a computer or network of computers. Hackers are people
who illegally enter systems. They may alter or delete information, steal private information, or spread viruses
that can damage or destroy files. But how exactly can a hacker get into a system to do these things?
Most hackers use information called protocols that are built into computer software. These protocols allow
computer to interact with one another. Protocols are sort of like computer police officers. When a computer
connects to another system, the protocols check to see if the access is valid. The protocols can also determine
how much information can be shared between the two systems. Hackers can manipulate the protocols to get
unlimited access to a computer system.
In fact, just the act of entering a computer network is considered hacking. This is commonly called passive
hacking. Passive hackers get a rush from just being able to access a challenging system like a bank or military
network. Another kind of hacker tries to do damage to a system. After hacking into systems, these hackers
release viruses or alter, delete, or take information. Known as active hackers, they are, by far, the more
dangerous of the two.
The easiest way to protect a system is with a good password. Long and unusual passwords are harder for
hackers to guess. For even greater security, some online services now use “password-plus” systems. In this
case, users first put in a password and then put in a second code that changes after the user accesses the site.
Users either have special cards or devices that show them the new code to use the next time. Even if a hacker
steals the password, they won’t have the code. Or if the hacker somehow gets the code, they still don’t know
the password.
38. What is the main idea of this reading?
A. Famous hackers
B. Funny things that hackers do.
C. Hackers and computer security
D. Good ways to stop hackers.
39. What do hackers do to get into a computer?
A. Spread viruses B. Change the security programs
C. Make a new password
D. Manipulate codes
40. What is not considered hacking?
A. Releasing a virus
B. Illegally accessing a computer


C. Turning on a private computer
D. Changing unauthorized information
41. Why are active hackers probably considered more dangerous than passive ones?
A. Active hackers are more skilled.
B. Passive hackers have more intense personalities.
C. Active hackers do damage.
D. Passive hackers are caught more easily.
42. What does “ plus” in “ password-plus” probably mean?
A. Extra
B. Long
C. Fast
D. Danger

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the questions
Scientists have discovered that for the last 160,000 years, at least, there has been a consistent relationship
between the amount of carbon dioxide in the air and the average temperature of the planet. The importance of
carbon dioxide in regulating the Earth's temperature was confirmed by scientists working in eastern Antarctica.
Drilling down into a glacier, they extracted a mile-long cylinder of ice from the hole. The glacier had formed
as layer upon layer of snow accumulated year after year. Thus drilling into the ice was tantamount to drilling
back through time.
The deepest sections of the core are composed of water that fell as snow 160,000 years ago. Scientists in
Grenoble, France, fractured portions of the core and measured the composition of ancient air released from
bubbles in the ice. Instruments were used to measure the ratio of certain isotopes in the frozen water to get an
idea of the prevailing atmospheric temperature at the time when that particular bit of water became locked in
the glacier.
The result is a remarkable unbroken record of temperature and of atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide.
Almost every time the chill of an ice age descended on the planet, carbon dioxide levels dropped. When the
global temperature dropped 9°F (5°C), carbon dioxide levels dropped to 190 parts per million or so. Generally,
as each ice age ended and the Earth basked in a warm interglacial period, carbon dioxide levels were around
280 parts per million. Through the 160,000 years of that ice record, the level of carbon dioxide in the
atmosphere fluctuated between 190 and 280 parts per million, but never rose much higher-until the Industrial
Revolution beginning in the eighteenth century and continuing today.
There is indirect evidence that the link between carbon dioxide levels and global temperature change
goes back much further than the glacial record. Carbon dioxide levels may have been much greater than the
current concentration during the Carboniferous period, 360 to 285 million years ago. The period was named for
a profusion of plant life whose buried remains produced a large fraction of the coal deposits that are being
brought to the surface and burned today.
43. Which of the following does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Chemical causes of ice ages
B. Techniques for studying ancient layers of ice in glaciers
C. Evidence of a relationship between levels of carbon dioxide and global temperature
D. Effects of plant life on carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere
44. According to the passage, the drilling of the glacier in eastern Antarctica was important because it__ .
A. allowed scientists to experiment with new drilling techniques
B. permitted the study of surface temperatures in an ice-covered region of Earth
C. provided insight about climate conditions in earlier periods
D. confirmed earlier findings about how glaciers are formed
45. The phrase "tantamount to" in line 5 is closest in meaning to___.
A. complementary to B. practically the same as C. especially well suited to D. unlikely to be confused with
46. According to the passage, scientists used isotopes from the water of the ice core to determine which of
following?
A. The amount of air that had bubbled to the surface since the ice had formed
B. The temperature of the atmosphere when the ice was formed
C. The date at which water had become locked in the glacier
D. The rate at which water had been frozen in the glacier
47. The word "remarkable" in line 12 is closest in meaning to ___.
A. genuine
B. permanent
C. extraordinary
D. continuous
48. The passage implies that the warmest temperatures among the periods mentioned occurred ___.
A. in the early eighteenth century
B. 160,000 years ago
C. at the end of each ice age
D. between 360 and 285 million years ago
49. According to the passage, the Carboniferous period was characterized by____ .
A. a reduction in the number of coal deposits
B. the burning of a large amount of coal
C. an abundance of plants
D. an accelerated rate of glacier formation
50. The passage explains the origin of which of the following terms?
A. Glacier
B. Isotopes
C. Industrial Revolution
D. Carboniferous period


TRƯỜNG THPT CHUYÊN
NGUYỄN TRÃI

KỲ THI THƯ TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG QUỐC GIA
NĂM HỌC 2018-2019 (LẦN 1)

Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút (không kể thời gian giao đề)
Code : 002
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
1. I was upset to learn that my first opponent would be Sam Muller, who .......... part in tournaments for no less
than ten years.
A. was taking
B. has been taking
C. had been taking
D. took
2. The road in front of my house needs .............
A. repairing
B. be repaired
C. to repair
D. of repairing
3. At Lunar New Year (Tet) festival, each ethnic group in Vietnam has its own culinary specialties
..................... reflect the culture of their people and are used as offerings to worship their ancestors.
A. that
B. which
C. ∅
D. A and B are correct
4. On Sundays, many people take their cars to service stations .............. .
A. to get the oil refilled B. to get the oil refill
C. to refill the oil
D. to make the oil refilled
5. The Vietnam men’s national football team has climbed one place from 100th to 99th in the latest FIFA
rankings thanks to their excellent results at the Asian Cup 2019, ................. the website Footy Rankings.
A. according to
B. based on
C. related to
D. in view of
6. .............. contained in the chromosomes, and they are thought of as the units of heredity.
A. Genes which are
B. Genes are
C. When genes
D. Because of genes
7. The expansion of the natural history museum is most ........... the cause of significant revenue increases.
A. probabilities
B. probability
C. probable
D. probably
8. One of the ......... for being a lifeguard is knowing emergency first aid for someone having a heart attack.
A. backgrounds
B. requests
C. requirements
D. accomplishments
9. No large ............. lakes are found in the state of South Carolina.
A. natural
B. habitual
C. environmental
D. atmospheric
10. The water workers' claim for a 10 percent pay rise has been under ........... by the government.
A. application
B. inquiry
C. regard
D. consideration
11. Vietnam welcomes the second US-Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) summit, planned in
Hanoi on Feb27-28, and strongly supports dialogues to maintain peace, security and stability ................ the
Korean Peninsula.
A. at
B. on
C. for
D. of
12. She managed to ......................... university the first time she tried.
A. come into
B. get into
C. pass to
D. enter to
13. A little farther down the street ........................
A. is the house I used to stay at
B. there is a house where I used to stay in
C. the house is the place where I used to stay
D. is there a house in which I used to stay
14. Stop acting like a child. In a few weeks, you'll be coming of ............ and nobody will tolerate your foolish
behaviour any longer.
A. childhood
B. age
C. mistake
D. immaturity
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the
underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
15. As children we were very close, but as we grew up, we just drifted apart.
A. were not as friendly as before
B. were not as serious as before
C. were not as sympathetic as before
D. were not as childlike as before
16. The notice should be put in the most conspicuous place so that all the students can be well-informed.
A. easily seen
B. beautiful
C. popular
D. suspicious
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the
underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
17. She was brought up in a well-off family, so she can't understand the problems we are facing.
A. wealthy
B. kind
C. broke
D. poor
18. The river should be controlled in order to facilitate navigation.
A. make difficult
B. make impossible
C. make unpopular
D. make busy

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.


Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc has delivered Vietnam’s strong message, aspiration, and determination
to become a “country of renovation and creativity” and an economy with globally extensive (19) ........... when
engaging in every activity of the World Economic Forum (WEF) 2019 in Davos, Switzerland.
He participated in 37 activities where he and heads of State and Government leaders of 50 countries and
executives from (20) ............ groups around the globe discussed and dialogued matters relating to the forum’s
theme “Globalization 4.0: Shaping a Global Architecture in the Age of the Fourth Industrial Revolution”.
PM Phuc said the Fourth Industrial Revolution is “knocking” on every enterprise and bringing profound
changes that no country can be an outsider, and (21) ........ Vietnam’s wish to become one of the passengers at
the (22) ......... of the Industry 4.0 train, and enthusiastically work with other countries to build a wealthy world.
In Davos, PM Phuc and WEF President Borge Brende had a dialogue themed “Vietnam and the World”,
which is the first-ever event on Vietnam held by the WEF. Through the dialogue, PM Phuc conveyed strong
messages about Vietnam’s development and international integration, asserting that (23) .................. the
current circumstance, Vietnam has maintained an economic growth and socio-political stability that
demonstrates itself a reliable destination for foreign investors coming to do business.
19. A. connection
B. connectivity
C. connector
D. connect
20. A. first
B. leading
C. strong
D. rich
21. A. expressed
B. mentioned
C. cherished
D. showed
22. A. carriage
B. station
C. back
D. forefront
23. A. on
B. with
C. for
D. in

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the questions
As computer use becomes more common, the need for security is more common than ever. One of the
greatest security threats in the online world is computer hacking.
Computer hacking is the unauthorized access to a computer or network of computers. Hackers are people
who illegally enter systems. They may alter or delete information, steal private information, or spread viruses
that can damage or destroy files. But how exactly can a hacker get into a system to do these things?
Most hackers use information called protocols that are built into computer software. These protocols allow
computer to interact with one another. Protocols are sort of like computer police officers. When a computer
connects to another system, the protocols check to see if the access is valid. The protocols can also determine
how much information can be shared between the two systems. Hackers can manipulate the protocols to get
unlimited access to a computer system.
In fact, just the act of entering a computer network is considered hacking. This is commonly called passive
hacking. Passive hackers get a rush from just being able to access a challenging system like a bank or military
network. Another kind of hacker tries to do damage to a system. After hacking into systems, these hackers
release viruses or alter, delete, or take information. Known as active hackers, they are, by far, the more
dangerous of the two.
The easiest way to protect a system is with a good password. Long and unusual passwords are harder for
hackers to guess. For even greater security, some online services now use “password-plus” systems. In this
case, users first put in a password and then put in a second code that changes after the user accesses the site.
Users either have special cards or devices that show them the new code to use the next time. Even if a hacker
steals the password, they won’t have the code. Or if the hacker somehow gets the code, they still don’t know
the password.
24. What is the main idea of this reading?
A. Famous hackers
B. Funny things that hackers do.
C. Hackers and computer security
D. Good ways to stop hackers.
25. What do hackers do to get into a computer?
A. Spread viruses B. Change the security programs C. Make a new password
D. Manipulate codes
26. What is not considered hacking?
A. Releasing a virus
B. Illegally accessing a computer
C. Turning on a private computer
D. Changing unauthorized information
27. Why are active hackers probably considered more dangerous than passive ones?
A. Active hackers are more skilled.
B. Passive hackers have more intense personalities.
C. Active hackers do damage.
D. Passive hackers are caught more easily.
28. What does “plus” in “password-plus” probably mean?
A. Extra
B. Long
C. Fast
D. Danger
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete
each of the following exchanges.


29. John: "Do you think that we should use public transportation to protect our environment?" Laura: " .... "
A. Yes, it's an absurd idea.
B. There's no doubt about it.
C. Of course not. You bet.
D. Well, that's very surprising.
30. "What a nice watch you're wearing." " ................ "
A. I'm with you. I'll buy another one for you.
B. Thanks. I bought it on my trip to Switzerland.
C. Sure. That's the best watch on sale.
D. No harm done. You can take it.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair
of sentences in the following questions.
31. I ate the soup. After that, I remembered that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
A. It was not until I ate the soup did I remember that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
B. As soon as I remembered that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of soup I ate it.
C. Only after eating the soup did I remember that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
D. Hardly had I forgotten to give my little sister some of it when I ate the soup.
32. I will leave a message for you with my secretary. It is possible that I will be out when you telephone.
A. As long as it might happen that I am out when you telephone, I will leave a message for you with my
secretary.
B. I will leave a message for you with my secretary in case I am out when you telephone.
C. Unless you telephone when I am out, I will leave a message for you with my secretary.
D. Providing that I will leave a message for you with my secretary, I will be out when you telephone.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to
each of the following questions.
33. Residents of the area like to go to the park to enjoy a tea break after taking a walk along the shore.
A. After having a stroll along the shore, people living in this area enjoy going to the park and having a tea
break.
B. If you are tired after walking along the shore, people here suggest that you should go to the park for a tea
break.
C. The park by the shore is a wonderful place for residents to have a tea break when they go for a walk.
D. Enjoying a tea break with the residents of the park can be very enjoyable after a long walk along the shore.
34. It does not seem very probable that Eric will be able to find a new apartment before he has to leave his old
one.
A. Eric doesn't think he will be able to find a new apartment before he is thrown out of his old one.
B. Eric's search for a new apartment while there is still time may well succeed, but only if he works really hard
at it.
C. It is hardly likely that Eric will be unable to find a new apartment before he is out on the streets.
D. That Eric's search for a new apartment will be successful before he has to vacate his old one appears highly
unlikely.
35. She is currently writing a historical book about food, which will include old recipes and the history behind
them.
A. At the moment, she is collecting recipes and the historical information behind them for the book which she
intends to write on food.
B. The book she is writing at the moment is on the history of food, with old recipes and stories behind them.
C. There are many interesting historical facts behind the old recipes to be found in her book, which is a history
of food.
D. The book she is writing is actually a historical book, but it also contains information about old recipes and
the stories behind them.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the questions
Scientists have discovered that for the last 160,000 years, at least, there has been a consistent relationship
between the amount of carbon dioxide in the air and the average temperature of the planet. The importance of
carbon dioxide in regulating the Earth's temperature was confirmed by scientists working in eastern Antarctica.
Drilling down into a glacier, they extracted a mile-long cylinder of ice from the hole. The glacier had formed
as layer upon layer of snow accumulated year after year. Thus drilling into the ice was tantamount to drilling
back through time.
The deepest sections of the core are composed of water that fell as snow 160,000 years ago. Scientists in
Grenoble, France, fractured portions of the core and measured the composition of ancient air released from
bubbles in the ice. Instruments were used to measure the ratio of certain isotopes in the frozen water to get an


idea of the prevailing atmospheric temperature at the time when that particular bit of water became locked in
the glacier.
The result is a remarkable unbroken record of temperature and of atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide.
Almost every time the chill of an ice age descended on the planet, carbon dioxide levels dropped. When the
global temperature dropped 9°F (5°C), carbon dioxide levels dropped to 190 parts per million or so. Generally,
as each ice age ended and the Earth basked in a warm interglacial period, carbon dioxide levels were around
280 parts per million. Through the 160,000 years of that ice record, the level of carbon dioxide in the
atmosphere fluctuated between 190 and 280 parts per million, but never rose much higher-until the Industrial
Revolution beginning in the eighteenth century and continuing today.
There is indirect evidence that the link between carbon dioxide levels and global temperature change
goes back much further than the glacial record. Carbon dioxide levels may have been much greater than the
current concentration during the Carboniferous period, 360 to 285 million years ago. The period was named for
a profusion of plant life whose buried remains produced a large fraction of the coal deposits that are being
brought to the surface and burned today.
36. Which of the following does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Chemical causes of ice ages
B. Techniques for studying ancient layers of ice in glaciers
C. Evidence of a relationship between levels of carbon dioxide and global temperature
D. Effects of plant life on carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere
37. According to the passage, the drilling of the glacier in eastern Antarctica was important because it____ .
A. allowed scientists to experiment with new drilling techniques
B. permitted the study of surface temperatures in an ice-covered region of Earth
C. provided insight about climate conditions in earlier periods
D. confirmed earlier findings about how glaciers are formed
38. The phrase "tantamount to" in line 5 is closest in meaning to_______ .
A. complementary to B. practically the same as C. especially well suited to D. unlikely to be confused with
39. According to the passage, scientists used isotopes from the water of the ice core to determine which of
following?
A. The amount of air that had bubbled to the surface since the ice had formed
B. The temperature of the atmosphere when the ice was formed
C. The date at which water had become locked in the glacier
D. The rate at which water had been frozen in the glacier
40. The word "remarkable" in line 12 is closest in meaning to ____.
A. genuine
B. permanent
C. extraordinary
D. continuous
41. The passage implies that the warmest temperatures among the periods mentioned occurred_____ .
A. in the early eighteenth century
B. 160,000 years ago
C. at the end of each ice age
D. between 360 and 285 million years ago
42. According to the passage, the Carboniferous period was characterized by_______ .
A. a reduction in the number of coal deposits
B. the burning of a large amount of coal
C. an abundance of plants
D. an accelerated rate of glacier formation
43. The passage explains the origin of which of the following terms?
A. Glacier
B. Isotopes
C. Industrial Revolution
D. Carboniferous period
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs
from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
44. A. prioritise
B. privacy
C. determined
D. strive
45. A. chooses
B. increases
C. releases
D. practises
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three
in the position of primary stress in each of the following se questions.
46. A. confusion
B. pollution
C. influence
D. removal
47. A. renewable
B. influential
C. advantageous
D. beneficial
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction
in each of the following questions.
48. It (A)was suggested that Tom(B) study the material (C)thoroughly before attempting (D) passing the exam.
49. (A)Despite the roadblock, the police allowed (B)us to enter the (C)restriction area to search (D)for our
friends.
50. When we arrived (A)at the shop (B)to buy the dishes (C)advertise in the newspaper, we learned that all of
them had (D)been sold.


TRƯỜNG THPT CHUYÊN
NGUYỄN TRÃI
Code : 003

KỲ THI THƯ TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG QUỐC GIA
NĂM HỌC 2018-2019 (LẦN 1)
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút (không kể thời gian giao đề)

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.
Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc has delivered Vietnam’s strong message, aspiration, and determination
to become a “country of renovation and creativity” and an economy with globally extensive (1) ........... when
engaging in every activity of the World Economic Forum (WEF) 2019 in Davos, Switzerland.
He participated in 37 activities where he and heads of State and Government leaders of 50 countries and
executives from (2) ............ groups around the globe discussed and dialogued matters relating to the forum’s
theme “Globalization 4.0: Shaping a Global Architecture in the Age of the Fourth Industrial Revolution”.
PM Phuc said the Fourth Industrial Revolution is “knocking” on every enterprise and bringing profound
changes that no country can be an outsider, and (3) ........ Vietnam’s wish to become one of the passengers at
the (4) ......... of the Industry 4.0 train, and enthusiastically work with other countries to build a wealthy world.
In Davos, PM Phuc and WEF President Borge Brende had a dialogue themed “Vietnam and the World”,
which is the first-ever event on Vietnam held by the WEF. Through the dialogue, PM Phuc conveyed strong
messages about Vietnam’s development and international integration, asserting that (5) .................. the current
circumstance, Vietnam has maintained an economic growth and socio-political stability that demonstrates itself
a reliable destination for foreign investors coming to do business.
1. A. connection
B. connectivity
C. connector
D. connect
2. A. first
B. leading
C. strong
D. rich
3. A. expressed
B. mentioned
C. cherished
D. showed
4. A. carriage
B. station
C. back
D. forefront
5. A. on
B. with
C. for
D. in
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs
from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
6. A. prioritise
B. privacy
C. determined
D. strive
7. A. chooses
B. increases
C. releases
D. practises
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three
in the position of primary stress in each of the following se questions.
8. A. confusion
B. pollution
C. influence
D. removal
9. A. renewable
B. influential
C. advantageous
D. beneficial
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction
in each of the following questions.
10. It (A)was suggested that Tom(B) study the material (C)thoroughly before attempting (D) passing the exam.
11. (A)Despite the roadblock, the police allowed (B)us to enter the (C)restriction area to search (D)for our
friends.
12. When we arrived (A)at the shop (B)to buy the dishes (C)advertise in the newspaper, we learned that all of
them had (D)been sold.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the
underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
13. She was brought up in a well-off family, so she can't understand the problems we are facing.
A. wealthy
B. kind
C. broke
D. poor
14. The river should be controlled in order to facilitate navigation.
A. make difficult
B. make impossible
C. make unpopular
D. make busy
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete
each of the following exchanges.
15. John: "Do you think that we should use public transportation to protect our environment?" Laura: " .... "
A. Yes, it's an absurd idea.
B. There's no doubt about it.
C. Of course not. You bet.
D. Well, that's very surprising.
16. "What a nice watch you're wearing." " ................ "
A. I'm with you. I'll buy another one for you.
B. Thanks. I bought it on my trip to Switzerland.


C. Sure. That's the best watch on sale.

D. No harm done. You can take it.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair
of sentences in the following questions.
17. I ate the soup. After that, I remembered that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
A. It was not until I ate the soup did I remember that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
B. As soon as I remembered that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of soup I ate it.
C. Only after eating the soup did I remember that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
D. Hardly had I forgotten to give my little sister some of it when I ate the soup.
18. I will leave a message for you with my secretary. It is possible that I will be out when you telephone.
A. As long as it might happen that I am out when you telephone, I will leave a message for you with my
secretary.
B. I will leave a message for you with my secretary in case I am out when you telephone.
C. Unless you telephone when I am out, I will leave a message for you with my secretary.
D. Providing that I will leave a message for you with my secretary, I will be out when you telephone.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the questions
As computer use becomes more common, the need for security is more common than ever. One of the
greatest security threats in the online world is computer hacking.
Computer hacking is the unauthorized access to a computer or network of computers. Hackers are people
who illegally enter systems. They may alter or delete information, steal private information, or spread viruses
that can damage or destroy files. But how exactly can a hacker get into a system to do these things?
Most hackers use information called protocols that are built into computer software. These protocols allow
computer to interact with one another. Protocols are sort of like computer police officers. When a computer
connects to another system, the protocols check to see if the access is valid. The protocols can also determine
how much information can be shared between the two systems. Hackers can manipulate the protocols to get
unlimited access to a computer system.
In fact, just the act of entering a computer network is considered hacking. This is commonly called passive
hacking. Passive hackers get a rush from just being able to access a challenging system like a bank or military
network. Another kind of hacker tries to do damage to a system. After hacking into systems, these hackers
release viruses or alter, delete, or take information. Known as active hackers, they are, by far, the more
dangerous of the two.
The easiest way to protect a system is with a good password. Long and unusual passwords are harder for
hackers to guess. For even greater security, some online services now use “password-plus” systems. In this
case, users first put in a password and then put in a second code that changes after the user accesses the site.
Users either have special cards or devices that show them the new code to use the next time. Even if a hacker
steals the password, they won’t have the code. Or if the hacker somehow gets the code, they still don’t know
the password.
19. What is the main idea of this reading?
A. Famous hackers
B. Funny things that hackers do.
C. Hackers and computer security
D. Good ways to stop hackers.
20. What do hackers do to get into a computer?
A. Spread viruses B. Change the security programs C. Make a new password D. Manipulate codes
21. What is not considered hacking?
A. Releasing a virus
B. Illegally accessing a computer
C. Turning on a private computer
D. Changing unauthorized information
22. Why are active hackers probably considered more dangerous than passive ones?
A. Active hackers are more skilled.
B. Passive hackers have more intense personalities.
C. Active hackers do damage.
D. Passive hackers are caught more easily.
23. What does “ plus” in “ password-plus” probably mean?
A. Extra
B. Long
C. Fast
D. Danger
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to
each of the following questions.
24. Residents of the area like to go to the park to enjoy a tea break after taking a walk along the shore.
A. After having a stroll along the shore, people living in this area enjoy going to the park and having a tea
break.
B. If you are tired after walking along the shore, people here suggest that you should go to the park for a tea
break.


C. The park by the shore is a wonderful place for residents to have a tea break when they go for a walk.
D. Enjoying a tea break with the residents of the park can be very enjoyable after a long walk along the shore.
25. It does not seem very probable that Eric will be able to find a new apartment before he has to leave his old
one.
A. Eric doesn't think he will be able to find a new apartment before he is thrown out of his old one.
B. Eric's search for a new apartment while there is still time may well succeed, but only if he works really hard
at it.
C. It is hardly likely that Eric will be unable to find a new apartment before he is out on the streets.
D. That Eric's search for a new apartment will be successful before he has to vacate his old one appears highly
unlikely.
26. She is currently writing a historical book about food, which will include old recipes and the history behind
them.
A. At the moment, she is collecting recipes and the historical information behind them for the book which she
intends to write on food.
B. The book she is writing at the moment is on the history of food, with old recipes and stories behind them.
C. There are many interesting historical facts behind the old recipes to be found in her book, which is a history
of food.
D. The book she is writing is actually a historical book, but it also contains information about old recipes and
the stories behind them.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the questions
Scientists have discovered that for the last 160,000 years, at least, there has been a consistent relationship
between the amount of carbon dioxide in the air and the average temperature of the planet. The importance of
carbon dioxide in regulating the Earth's temperature was confirmed by scientists working in eastern Antarctica.
Drilling down into a glacier, they extracted a mile-long cylinder of ice from the hole. The glacier had formed
as layer upon layer of snow accumulated year after year. Thus drilling into the ice was tantamount to drilling
back through time.
The deepest sections of the core are composed of water that fell as snow 160,000 years ago. Scientists in
Grenoble, France, fractured portions of the core and measured the composition of ancient air released from
bubbles in the ice. Instruments were used to measure the ratio of certain isotopes in the frozen water to get an
idea of the prevailing atmospheric temperature at the time when that particular bit of water became locked in
the glacier.
The result is a remarkable unbroken record of temperature and of atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide.
Almost every time the chill of an ice age descended on the planet, carbon dioxide levels dropped. When the
global temperature dropped 9°F (5°C), carbon dioxide levels dropped to 190 parts per million or so. Generally,
as each ice age ended and the Earth basked in a warm interglacial period, carbon dioxide levels were around
280 parts per million. Through the 160,000 years of that ice record, the level of carbon dioxide in the
atmosphere fluctuated between 190 and 280 parts per million, but never rose much higher-until the Industrial
Revolution beginning in the eighteenth century and continuing today.
There is indirect evidence that the link between carbon dioxide levels and global temperature change
goes back much further than the glacial record. Carbon dioxide levels may have been much greater than the
current concentration during the Carboniferous period, 360 to 285 million years ago. The period was named for
a profusion of plant life whose buried remains produced a large fraction of the coal deposits that are being
brought to the surface and burned today.
27. Which of the following does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Chemical causes of ice ages
B. Techniques for studying ancient layers of ice in glaciers
C. Evidence of a relationship between levels of carbon dioxide and global temperature
D. Effects of plant life on carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere
28. According to the passage, the drilling of the glacier in eastern Antarctica was important because it ___.
A. allowed scientists to experiment with new drilling techniques
B. permitted the study of surface temperatures in an ice-covered region of Earth
C. provided insight about climate conditions in earlier periods
D. confirmed earlier findings about how glaciers are formed
29. The phrase "tantamount to" in line 5 is closest in meaning to____ .
A. complementary to B. practically the same as C. especially well suited to D. unlikely to be confused with
30. According to the passage, scientists used isotopes from the water of the ice core to determine which of
following?


A. The amount of air that had bubbled to the surface since the ice had formed
B. The temperature of the atmosphere when the ice was formed
C. The date at which water had become locked in the glacier
D. The rate at which water had been frozen in the glacier
31. The word "remarkable" in line 12 is closest in meaning to _________ .
A. genuine
B. permanent
C. extraordinary
D. continuous
32. The passage implies that the warmest temperatures among the periods mentioned occurred____.
A. in the early eighteenth century
B. 160,000 years ago
C. at the end of each ice age
D. between 360 and 285 million years ago
33. According to the passage, the Carboniferous period was characterized by__________ .
A. a reduction in the number of coal deposits
B. the burning of a large amount of coal
C. an abundance of plants
D. an accelerated rate of glacier formation
34. The passage explains the origin of which of the following terms?
A. Glacier
B. Isotopes
C. Industrial Revolution
D. Carboniferous period
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
35. I was upset to learn that my first opponent would be Sam Muller, who .......... part in tournaments for no
less than ten years.
A. was taking
B. has been taking
C. had been taking
D. took
36. The road in front of my house needs .............
A. repairing
B. be repaired
C. to repair
D. of repairing
37. At Lunar New Year (Tet) festival, each ethnic group in Vietnam has its own culinary specialties
..................... reflect the culture of their people and are used as offerings to worship their ancestors.
A. that
B. which
C. ∅
D. A and B are correct
38. On Sundays, many people take their cars to service stations ..............
A. to get the oil refilled B. to get the oil refill
C. to refill the oil
D. to make the oil refilled
39. The Vietnam men’s national football team has climbed one place from 100th to 99th in the latest FIFA
rankings thanks to their excellent results at the Asian Cup 2019, ................. the website Footy Rankings.
A. according to
B. based on
C. related to
D. in view of
40. .............. contained in the chromosomes, and they are thought of as the units of heredity.
A. Genes which are
B. Genes are
C. When genes
D. Because of genes
41. The expansion of the natural history museum is most ........... the cause of significant revenue increases.
A. probabilities
B. probability
C. probable
D. probably
42. One of the ......... for being a lifeguard is knowing emergency first aid for someone having a heart attack.
A. backgrounds
B. requests
C. requirements
D. accomplishments
43. No large ............. lakes are found in the state of South Carolina.
A. natural
B. habitual
C. environmental
D. atmospheric
44. The water workers' claim for a 10 percent pay rise has been under ........... by the government.
A. application
B. inquiry
C. regard
D. consideration
45. Vietnam welcomes the second US-Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) summit , planned on
Feb27-28 in Hanoi, and strongly supports dialogues to maintain peace, security and stability ................ the
Korean Peninsula.
A. at
B. on
C. for
D. of
46. She managed to ......................... university the first time she tried.
A. come into
B. get into
C. pass to
D. enter to
47. A little farther down the street ........................
A. is the house I used to stay at
B. there is a house where I used to stay in
C. the house is the place where I used to stay
D. is there a house in which I used to stay
48. Stop acting like a child. In a few weeks, you'll be coming of ............ and nobody will tolerate your foolish
behaviour any longer.
A. childhood
B. age
C. mistake
D. immaturity
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the
underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
49. As children we were very close, but as we grew up, we just drifted apart.
A. were not as friendly as before
B. were not as serious as before
C. were not as sympathetic as before
D. were not as childlike as before
50. The notice should be put in the most conspicuous place so that all the students can be well-informed.
A. easily seen
B. beautiful
C. popular
D. suspicious


TRƯỜNG THPT CHUYÊN
NGUYỄN TRÃI
Code : 004

KỲ THI THƯ TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG QUỐC GIA
NĂM HỌC 2018-2019 (LẦN 1)
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút (không kể thời gian giao đề)

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the questions
As computer use becomes more common, the need for security is more common than ever. One of the
greatest security threats in the online world is computer hacking.
Computer hacking is the unauthorized access to a computer or network of computers. Hackers are people
who illegally enter systems. They may alter or delete information, steal private information, or spread viruses
that can damage or destroy files. But how exactly can a hacker get into a system to do these things?
Most hackers use information called protocols that are built into computer software. These protocols allow
computer to interact with one another. Protocols are sort of like computer police officers. When a computer
connects to another system, the protocols check to see if the access is valid. The protocols can also determine
how much information can be shared between the two systems. Hackers can manipulate the protocols to get
unlimited access to a computer system.
In fact, just the act of entering a computer network is considered hacking. This is commonly called passive
hacking. Passive hackers get a rush from just being able to access a challenging system like a bank or military
network. Another kind of hacker tries to do damage to a system. After hacking into systems, these hackers
release viruses or alter, delete, or take information. Known as active hackers, they are, by far, the more
dangerous of the two.
The easiest way to protect a system is with a good password. Long and unusual passwords are harder for
hackers to guess. For even greater security, some online services now use “password-plus” systems. In this
case, users first put in a password and then put in a second code that changes after the user accesses the site.
Users either have special cards or devices that show them the new code to use the next time. Even if a hacker
steals the password, they won’t have the code. Or if the hacker somehow gets the code, they still don’t know
the password.
1. What is the main idea of this reading?
A. Famous hackers
B. Funny things that hackers do.
C. Hackers and computer security
D. Good ways to stop hackers.
2. What do hackers do to get into a computer?
A. Spread viruses B. Change the security programs C. Make a new password D. Manipulate codes
3. What is not considered hacking?
A. Releasing a virus
B. Illegally accessing a computer
C. Turning on a private computer
D. Changing unauthorized information
4. Why are active hackers probably considered more dangerous than passive ones?
A. Active hackers are more skilled.
B. Passive hackers have more intense personalities.
C. Active hackers do damage.
D. Passive hackers are caught more easily.
5. What does “plus” in “password-plus” probably mean?
A. Extra
B. Long
C. Fast
D. Danger
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs
from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
6. A. prioritise
B. privacy
C. determined
D. strive
7. A. chooses
B. increases
C. releases
D. practises
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the
underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
8. As children we were very close, but as we grew up we just drifted apart.
A. were not as friendly as before
B. were not as serious as before
C. were not as sympathetic as before
D. were not as childlike as before
9. The notice should be put in the most conspicuous place so that all the students can be well-informed.
A. easily seen
B. beautiful
C. popular
D. suspicious
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
10. I was upset to learn that my first opponent would be Sam Muller, who .......... part in tournaments for no
less than ten years.
A. was taking
B. has been taking
C. had been taking
D. took


11. The road in front of my house needs .............
A. repairing
B. be repaired
C. to repair
D. of repairing
12. At Lunar New Year (Tet) festival, each ethnic group in Vietnam has its own culinary specialties
..................... reflect the culture of their people and are used as offerings to worship their ancestors.
A. that
B. which
C. ∅
D. A and B are correct
13. On Sundays, many people take their cars to service stations ..............
A. to get the oil refilled B. to get the oil refill
C. to refill the oil
D. to make the oil refilled
14. The Vietnam men’s national football team has climbed one place from 100th to 99th in the latest FIFA
rankings thanks to their excellent results at the Asian Cup 2019, ................. the website Footy Rankings.
A. according to
B. based on
C. related to
D. in view of
15. .............. contained in the chromosomes, and they are thought of as the units of heredity.
A. Genes which are
B. Genes are
C. When genes
D. Because of genes
16. The expansion of the natural history museum is most ........... the cause of significant revenue increases.
A. probabilities
B. probability
C. probable
D. probably
17. One of the ......... for being a lifeguard is knowing emergency first aid for someone having a heart attack.
A. backgrounds
B. requests
C. requirements
D. accomplishments
18. No large ............. lakes are found in the state of South Carolina.
A. natural
B. habitual
C. environmental
D. atmospheric
19. The water workers' claim for a 10 percent pay rise has been under ........... by the government.
A. application
B. inquiry
C. regard
D. consideration
20. Vietnam welcomes the second US-Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) summit, planned on
Feb27-28 in Hanoi, and strongly supports dialogues to maintain peace, security and stability ................ the
Korean Peninsula.
A. at
B. on
C. for
D. of
21. She managed to ......................... university the first time she tried.
A. come into
B. get into
C. pass to
D. enter to
22. A little farther down the street ........................
A. is the house I used to stay at
B. there is a house where I used to stay in
C. the house is the place where I used to stay
D. is there a house in which I used to stay
23. Stop acting like a child. In a few weeks, you'll be coming of ............ and nobody will tolerate your foolish
behaviour any longer.
A. childhood
B. age
C. mistake
D. immaturity
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete
each of the following exchanges.
24. John: "Do you think that we should use public transportation to protect our environment?" Laura: " .... "
A. Yes, it's an absurd idea.
B. There's no doubt about it.
C. Of course not. You bet.
D. Well, that's very surprising.
25. "What a nice watch you're wearing." " ................ "
A. I'm with you. I'll buy another one for you.
B. Thanks. I bought it on my trip to Switzerland.
C. Sure. That's the best watch on sale.
D. No harm done. You can take it.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three
in the position of primary stress in each of the following se questions.
26. A. confusion
B. pollution
C. influence
D. removal
27. A. renewable
B. influential
C. advantageous
D. beneficial
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction
in each of the following questions.
28. It (A)was suggested that Tom(B) study the material (C)thoroughly before attempting (D) passing the exam.
29. (A)Despite the roadblock, the police allowed (B)us to enter the (C)restriction area to search (D)for our
friends.
30. When we arrived (A)at the shop (B)to buy the dishes (C)advertise in the newspaper, we learned that all of
them had (D)been sold.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the
underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
31. She was brought up in a well-off family, so she can't understand the problems we are facing.
A. wealthy
B. kind
C. broke
D. poor
32. The river should be controlled in order to facilitate navigation.


A. make difficult

B. make impossible

C. make unpopular

D. make busy

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair
of sentences in the following questions.
33. I ate the soup. After that, I remembered that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
A. It was not until I ate the soup did I remember that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
B. As soon as I remembered that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of soup I ate it.
C. Only after eating the soup did I remember that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
D. Hardly had I forgotten to give my little sister some of it when I ate the soup.
34. I will leave a message for you with my secretary. It is possible that I will be out when you telephone.
A. As long as it might happen that I am out when you telephone, I will leave a message for you with my
secretary.
B. I will leave a message for you with my secretary in case I am out when you telephone.
C. Unless you telephone when I am out, I will leave a message for you with my secretary.
D. Providing that I will leave a message for you with my secretary, I will be out when you telephone.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the questions
Scientists have discovered that for the last 160,000 years, at least, there has been a consistent relationship
between the amount of carbon dioxide in the air and the average temperature of the planet. The importance of
carbon dioxide in regulating the Earth's temperature was confirmed by scientists working in eastern Antarctica.
Drilling down into a glacier, they extracted a mile-long cylinder of ice from the hole. The glacier had formed
as layer upon layer of snow accumulated year after year. Thus drilling into the ice was tantamount to drilling
back through time.
The deepest sections of the core are composed of water that fell as snow 160,000 years ago. Scientists in
Grenoble, France, fractured portions of the core and measured the composition of ancient air released from
bubbles in the ice. Instruments were used to measure the ratio of certain isotopes in the frozen water to get an
idea of the prevailing atmospheric temperature at the time when that particular bit of water became locked in
the glacier.
The result is a remarkable unbroken record of temperature and of atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide.
Almost every time the chill of an ice age descended on the planet, carbon dioxide levels dropped. When the
global temperature dropped 9°F (5°C), carbon dioxide levels dropped to 190 parts per million or so. Generally,
as each ice age ended and the Earth basked in a warm interglacial period, carbon dioxide levels were around
280 parts per million. Through the 160,000 years of that ice record, the level of carbon dioxide in the
atmosphere fluctuated between 190 and 280 parts per million, but never rose much higher-until the Industrial
Revolution beginning in the eighteenth century and continuing today.
There is indirect evidence that the link between carbon dioxide levels and global temperature change
goes back much further than the glacial record. Carbon dioxide levels may have been much greater than the
current concentration during the Carboniferous period, 360 to 285 million years ago. The period was named for
a profusion of plant life whose buried remains produced a large fraction of the coal deposits that are being
brought to the surface and burned today.
35. Which of the following does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Chemical causes of ice ages
B. Techniques for studying ancient layers of ice in glaciers
C. Evidence of a relationship between levels of carbon dioxide and global temperature
D. Effects of plant life on carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere
36. According to the passage, the drilling of the glacier in eastern Antarctica was important because it____ .
A. allowed scientists to experiment with new drilling techniques
B. permitted the study of surface temperatures in an ice-covered region of Earth
C. provided insight about climate conditions in earlier periods
D. confirmed earlier findings about how glaciers are formed
37. The phrase "tantamount to" in line 5 is closest in meaning to _____ .
A. complementary to B. practically the same as C. especially well suited to D. unlikely to be confused with
38. According to the passage, scientists used isotopes from the water of the ice core to determine which of
following?
A. The amount of air that had bubbled to the surface since the ice had formed
B. The temperature of the atmosphere when the ice was formed
C. The date at which water had become locked in the glacier
D. The rate at which water had been frozen in the glacier


39. The word "remarkable" in line 12 is closest in meaning to _____ .
A. genuine
B. permanent
C. extraordinary
D. continuous
40. The passage implies that the warmest temperatures among the periods mentioned occurred______ .
A. in the early eighteenth century
B. 160,000 years ago
C. at the end of each ice age
D. between 360 and 285 million years ago
41. According to the passage, the Carboniferous period was characterized by____.
A. a reduction in the number of coal deposits
B. the burning of a large amount of coal
C. an abundance of plants
D. an accelerated rate of glacier formation
42. The passage explains the origin of which of the following terms?
A. Glacier
B. Isotopes
C. Industrial Revolution
D. Carboniferous period

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.
Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc has delivered Vietnam’s strong message, aspiration, and determination
to become a “country of renovation and creativity” and an economy with globally extensive (43) ........... when
engaging in every activity of the World Economic Forum (WEF) 2019 in Davos, Switzerland.
He participated in 37 activities where he and heads of State and Government leaders of 50 countries and
executives from (44) ............ groups around the globe discussed and dialogued matters relating to the forum’s
theme “Globalization 4.0: Shaping a Global Architecture in the Age of the Fourth Industrial Revolution”.
PM Phuc said the Fourth Industrial Revolution is “knocking” on every enterprise and bringing profound
changes that no country can be an outsider, and (45) ........ Vietnam’s wish to become one of the passengers at
the (46) ......... of the Industry 4.0 train, and enthusiastically work with other countries to build a wealthy world.
In Davos, PM Phuc and WEF President Borge Brende had a dialogue themed “Vietnam and the World”,
which is the first-ever event on Vietnam held by the WEF. Through the dialogue, PM Phuc conveyed strong
messages about Vietnam’s development and international integration, asserting that (47) .................. the
current circumstance, Vietnam has maintained an economic growth and socio-political stability that
demonstrates itself a reliable destination for foreign investors coming to do business.
43. A. connection
B. connectivity
C. connector
D. connect
44. A. first
B. leading
C. strong
D. rich
45. A. expressed
B. mentioned
C. cherished
D. showed
46. A. carriage
B. station
C. back
D. forefront
47. A. on
B. with
C. for
D. in
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to
each of the following questions.
48. Residents of the area like to go to the park to enjoy a tea break after taking a walk along the shore.
A. After having a stroll along the shore, people living in this area enjoy going to the park and having a tea
break.
B. If you are tired after walking along the shore, people here suggest that you should go to the park for a tea
break.
C. The park by the shore is a wonderful place for residents to have a tea break when they go for a walk.
D. Enjoying a tea break with the residents of the park can be very enjoyable after a long walk along the shore.
49. It does not seem very probable that Eric will be able to find a new apartment before he has to leave his old
one.
A. Eric doesn't think he will be able to find a new apartment before he is thrown out of his old one.
B. Eric's search for a new apartment while there is still time may well succeed, but only if he works really hard
at it.
C. It is hardly likely that Eric will be unable to find a new apartment before he is out on the streets.
D. That Eric's search for a new apartment will be successful before he has to vacate his old one appears highly
unlikely.
50. She is currently writing a historical book about food, which will include old recipes and the history behind
them.
A. At the moment, she is collecting recipes and the historical information behind them for the book which she
intends to write on food.
B. The book she is writing at the moment is on the history of food, with old recipes and stories behind them.
C. There are many interesting historical facts behind the old recipes to be found in her book, which is a history
of food.
D. The book she is writing is actually a historical book, but it also contains information about old recipes and
the stories behind them.


TRƯỜNG THPT CHUYÊN
NGUYỄN TRÃI
Code : 005

KỲ THI THƯ TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG QUỐC GIA
NĂM HỌC 2018-2019 (LẦN 1)
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút (không kể thời gian giao đề)

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three
in the position of primary stress in each of the following se questions.
1. A. confusion
B. pollution
C. influence
D. removal
2. A. renewable
B. influential
C. advantageous
D. beneficial
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction
in each of the following questions.
3. It (A)was suggested that Tom(B) study the material (C)thoroughly before attempting (D) passing the exam.
4. (A)Despite the roadblock, the police allowed (B)us to enter the (C)restriction area to search (D)for our
friends.
5. When we arrived (A)at the shop (B)to buy the dishes (C)advertise in the newspaper, we learned that all of
them had (D)been sold.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the
underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
6. She was brought up in a well-off family, so she can't understand the problems we are facing.
A. wealthy
B. kind
C. broke
D. poor
7. The river should be controlled in order to facilitate navigation.
A. make difficult
B. make impossible
C. make unpopular
D. make busy
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair
of sentences in the following questions.
8. I ate the soup. After that, I remembered that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
A. It was not until I ate the soup did I remember that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
B. As soon as I remembered that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of soup I ate it.
C. Only after eating the soup did I remember that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
D. Hardly had I forgotten to give my little sister some of it when I ate the soup.
9. I will leave a message for you with my secretary. It is possible that I will be out when you telephone.
A. As long as it might happen that I am out when you telephone, I will leave a message for you with my
secretary.
B. I will leave a message for you with my secretary in case I am out when you telephone.
C. Unless you telephone when I am out, I will leave a message for you with my secretary.
D. Providing that I will leave a message for you with my secretary, I will be out when you telephone.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the questions
Scientists have discovered that for the last 160,000 years, at least, there has been a consistent relationship
between the amount of carbon dioxide in the air and the average temperature of the planet. The importance of
carbon dioxide in regulating the Earth's temperature was confirmed by scientists working in eastern Antarctica.
Drilling down into a glacier, they extracted a mile-long cylinder of ice from the hole. The glacier had formed
as layer upon layer of snow accumulated year after year. Thus drilling into the ice was tantamount to drilling
back through time.
The deepest sections of the core are composed of water that fell as snow 160,000 years ago. Scientists in
Grenoble, France, fractured portions of the core and measured the composition of ancient air released from
bubbles in the ice. Instruments were used to measure the ratio of certain isotopes in the frozen water to get an
idea of the prevailing atmospheric temperature at the time when that particular bit of water became locked in
the glacier.
The result is a remarkable unbroken record of temperature and of atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide.
Almost every time the chill of an ice age descended on the planet, carbon dioxide levels dropped. When the
global temperature dropped 9°F (5°C), carbon dioxide levels dropped to 190 parts per million or so. Generally,
as each ice age ended and the Earth basked in a warm interglacial period, carbon dioxide levels were around
280 parts per million. Through the 160,000 years of that ice record, the level of carbon dioxide in the
atmosphere fluctuated between 190 and 280 parts per million, but never rose much higher-until the Industrial
Revolution beginning in the eighteenth century and continuing today.


There is indirect evidence that the link between carbon dioxide levels and global temperature change
goes back much further than the glacial record. Carbon dioxide levels may have been much greater than the
current concentration during the Carboniferous period, 360 to 285 million years ago. The period was named for
a profusion of plant life whose buried remains produced a large fraction of the coal deposits that are being
brought to the surface and burned today.
10. Which of the following does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Chemical causes of ice ages
B. Techniques for studying ancient layers of ice in glaciers
C. Evidence of a relationship between levels of carbon dioxide and global temperature
D. Effects of plant life on carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere
11. According to the passage, the drilling of the glacier in eastern Antarctica was important because it____ .
A. allowed scientists to experiment with new drilling techniques
B. permitted the study of surface temperatures in an ice-covered region of Earth
C. provided insight about climate conditions in earlier periods
D. confirmed earlier findings about how glaciers are formed
12. The phrase "tantamount to" in line 5 is closest in meaning to _____ .
A. complementary to B. practically the same as C. especially well suited to D. unlikely to be confused with
13. According to the passage, scientists used isotopes from the water of the ice core to determine which of
following?
A. The amount of air that had bubbled to the surface since the ice had formed
B. The temperature of the atmosphere when the ice was formed
C. The date at which water had become locked in the glacier
D. The rate at which water had been frozen in the glacier
14. The word "remarkable" in line 12 is closest in meaning to _____ .
A. genuine
B. permanent
C. extraordinary
D. continuous
15. The passage implies that the warmest temperatures among the periods mentioned occurred______ .
A. in the early eighteenth century
B. 160,000 years ago
C. at the end of each ice age
D. between 360 and 285 million years ago
16. According to the passage, the Carboniferous period was characterized by____.
A. a reduction in the number of coal deposits
B. the burning of a large amount of coal
C. an abundance of plants
D. an accelerated rate of glacier formation
17. The passage explains the origin of which of the following terms?
A. Glacier
B. Isotopes
C. Industrial Revolution
D. Carboniferous period

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.
Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc has delivered Vietnam’s strong message, aspiration, and determination
to become a “country of renovation and creativity” and an economy with globally extensive (18) ........... when
engaging in every activity of the World Economic Forum (WEF) 2019 in Davos, Switzerland.
He participated in 37 activities where he and heads of State and Government leaders of 50 countries and
executives from (19) ............ groups around the globe discussed and dialogued matters relating to the forum’s
theme “Globalization 4.0: Shaping a Global Architecture in the Age of the Fourth Industrial Revolution”.
PM Phuc said the Fourth Industrial Revolution is “knocking” on every enterprise and bringing profound
changes that no country can be an outsider, and (20) ........ Vietnam’s wish to become one of the passengers at
the (21) ......... of the Industry 4.0 train, and enthusiastically work with other countries to build a wealthy world.
In Davos, PM Phuc and WEF President Borge Brende had a dialogue themed “Vietnam and the World”,
which is the first-ever event on Vietnam held by the WEF. Through the dialogue, PM Phuc conveyed strong
messages about Vietnam’s development and international integration, asserting that (22) .................. the
current circumstance, Vietnam has maintained an economic growth and socio-political stability that
demonstrates itself a reliable destination for foreign investors coming to do business.
18. A. connection
B. connectivity
C. connector
D. connect
19. A. first
B. leading
C. strong
D. rich
20. A. expressed
B. mentioned
C. cherished
D. showed
21. A. carriage
B. station
C. back
D. forefront
22. A. on
B. with
C. for
D. in
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to
each of the following questions.
23. Residents of the area like to go to the park to enjoy a tea break after taking a walk along the shore.


A. After having a stroll along the shore, people living in this area enjoy going to the park and having a tea
break.
B. If you are tired after walking along the shore, people here suggest that you should go to the park for a tea
break.
C. The park by the shore is a wonderful place for residents to have a tea break when they go for a walk.
D. Enjoying a tea break with the residents of the park can be very enjoyable after a long walk along the shore.
24. It does not seem very probable that Eric will be able to find a new apartment before he has to leave his old
one.
A. Eric doesn't think he will be able to find a new apartment before he is thrown out of his old one.
B. Eric's search for a new apartment while there is still time may well succeed, but only if he works really hard
at it.
C. It is hardly likely that Eric will be unable to find a new apartment before he is out on the streets.
D. That Eric's search for a new apartment will be successful before he has to vacate his old one appears highly
unlikely.
25. She is currently writing a historical book about food, which will include old recipes and the history behind
them.
A. At the moment, she is collecting recipes and the historical information behind them for the book which she
intends to write on food.
B. The book she is writing at the moment is on the history of food, with old recipes and stories behind them.
C. There are many interesting historical facts behind the old recipes to be found in her book, which is a history
of food.
D. The book she is writing is actually a historical book, but it also contains information about old recipes and
the stories behind them.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct answer to each of the questions
As computer use becomes more common, the need for security is more common than ever. One of the
greatest security threats in the online world is computer hacking.
Computer hacking is the unauthorized access to a computer or network of computers. Hackers are people
who illegally enter systems. They may alter or delete information, steal private information, or spread viruses
that can damage or destroy files. But how exactly can a hacker get into a system to do these things?
Most hackers use information called protocols that are built into computer software. These protocols allow
computer to interact with one another. Protocols are sort of like computer police officers. When a computer
connects to another system, the protocols check to see if the access is valid. The protocols can also determine
how much information can be shared between the two systems. Hackers can manipulate the protocols to get
unlimited access to a computer system.
In fact, just the act of entering a computer network is considered hacking. This is commonly called passive
hacking. Passive hackers get a rush from just being able to access a challenging system like a bank or military
network. Another kind of hacker tries to do damage to a system. After hacking into systems, these hackers
release viruses or alter, delete, or take information. Known as active hackers, they are, by far, the more
dangerous of the two.
The easiest way to protect a system is with a good password. Long and unusual passwords are harder for
hackers to guess. For even greater security, some online services now use “password-plus” systems. In this
case, users first put in a password and then put in a second code that changes after the user accesses the site.
Users either have special cards or devices that show them the new code to use the next time. Even if a hacker
steals the password, they won’t have the code. Or if the hacker somehow gets the code, they still don’t know
the password.
26. What is the main idea of this reading?
A. Famous hackers
B. Funny things that hackers do.
C. Hackers and computer security
D. Good ways to stop hackers.
27. What do hackers do to get into a computer?
A. Spread viruses B. Change the security programs C. Make a new password D. Manipulate codes
28. What is not considered hacking?
A. Releasing a virus
B. Illegally accessing a computer
C. Turning on a private computer
D. Changing unauthorized information
29. Why are active hackers probably considered more dangerous than passive ones?
A. Active hackers are more skilled.
B. Passive hackers have more intense personalities.
C. Active hackers do damage.
D. Passive hackers are caught more easily.
30. What does “plus” in “password-plus” probably mean?


A. Extra

B. Long

C. Fast

D. Danger

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs
from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
31. A. prioritise
B. privacy
C. determined
D. strive
32. A. chooses
B. increases
C. releases
D. practises
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the
underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
33. As children we were very close, but as we grew up we just drifted apart.
A. were not as friendly as before
B. were not as serious as before
C. were not as sympathetic as before
D. were not as childlike as before
34. The notice should be put in the most conspicuous place so that all the students can be well-informed.
A. easily seen
B. beautiful
C. popular
D. suspicious
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the
following questions.
35. I was upset to learn that my first opponent would be Sam Muller, who .......... part in tournaments for no
less than ten years.
A. was taking
B. has been taking
C. had been taking
D. took
36. The road in front of my house needs .............
A. repairing
B. be repaired
C. to repair
D. of repairing
37. At Lunar New Year (Tet) festival, each ethnic group in Vietnam has its own culinary specialties
..................... reflect the culture of their people and are used as offerings to worship their ancestors.
A. that
B. which
C. ∅
D. A and B are correct
38. On Sundays, many people take their cars to service stations ..............
A. to get the oil refilled B. to get the oil refill
C. to refill the oil
D. to make the oil refilled
39. The Vietnam men’s national football team has climbed one place from 100th to 99th in the latest FIFA
rankings thanks to their excellent results at the Asian Cup 2019, ................. the website Footy Rankings.
A. according to
B. based on
C. related to
D. in view of
40. .............. contained in the chromosomes, and they are thought of as the units of heredity.
A. Genes which are
B. Genes are
C. When genes
D. Because of genes
41. The expansion of the natural history museum is most ........... the cause of significant revenue increases.
A. probabilities
B. probability
C. probable
D. probably
42. One of the ......... for being a lifeguard is knowing emergency first aid for someone having a heart attack.
A. backgrounds
B. requests
C. requirements
D. accomplishments
43. No large ............. lakes are found in the state of South Carolina.
A. natural
B. habitual
C. environmental
D. atmospheric
44. The water workers' claim for a 10 percent pay rise has been under ........... by the government.
A. application
B. inquiry
C. regard
D. consideration
45. Vietnam welcomes the second US-Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) summit, planned on
Feb27-28 in Hanoi, and strongly supports dialogues to maintain peace, security and stability ................ the
Korean Peninsula.
A. at
B. on
C. for
D. of
46. She managed to ......................... university the first time she tried.
A. come into
B. get into
C. pass to
D. enter to
47. A little farther down the street ........................
A. is the house I used to stay at
B. there is a house where I used to stay in
C. the house is the place where I used to stay
D. is there a house in which I used to stay
48. Stop acting like a child. In a few weeks, you'll be coming of ............ and nobody will tolerate your foolish
behaviour any longer.
A. childhood
B. age
C. mistake
D. immaturity
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete
each of the following exchanges.
49. John: "Do you think that we should use public transportation to protect our environment?" Laura: " .... "
A. Yes, it's an absurd idea.
B. There's no doubt about it.
C. Of course not. You bet.
D. Well, that's very surprising.
50. "What a nice watch you're wearing." " ................ "
A. I'm with you. I'll buy another one for you.
B. Thanks. I bought it on my trip to Switzerland.
C. Sure. That's the best watch on sale.
D. No harm done. You can take it.


TRƯỜNG THPT CHUYÊN
NGUYỄN TRÃI
Code : 006

KỲ THI THƯ TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG QUỐC GIA
NĂM HỌC 2018-2019 (LẦN 1)
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút (không kể thời gian giao đề)

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete
each of the following exchanges.
1. John: "Do you think that we should use public transportation to protect our environment?" Laura: " .... "
A. Yes, it's an absurd idea.
B. There's no doubt about it.
C. Of course not. You bet.
D. Well, that's very surprising.
2. "What a nice watch you're wearing." " ................ "
A. I'm with you. I'll buy another one for you.
B. Thanks. I bought it on my trip to Switzerland.
C. Sure. That's the best watch on sale.
D. No harm done. You can take it.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair
of sentences in the following questions.
3. I ate the soup. After that, I remembered that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
A. It was not until I ate the soup did I remember that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
B. As soon as I remembered that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of soup I ate it.
C. Only after eating the soup did I remember that I had forgotten to give my little sister some of it.
D. Hardly had I forgotten to give my little sister some of it when I ate the soup.
4. I will leave a message for you with my secretary. It is possible that I will be out when you telephone.
A. As long as it might happen that I am out when you telephone, I will leave a message for you with my
secretary.
B. I will leave a message for you with my secretary in case I am out when you telephone.
C. Unless you telephone when I am out, I will leave a message for you with my secretary.
D. Providing that I will leave a message for you with my secretary, I will be out when you telephone.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to
each of the following questions.
5. Residents of the area like to go to the park to enjoy a tea break after taking a walk along the shore.
A. After having a stroll along the shore, people living in this area enjoy going to the park and having a tea
break.
B. If you are tired after walking along the shore, people here suggest that you should go to the park for a tea
break.
C. The park by the shore is a wonderful place for residents to have a tea break when they go for a walk.
D. Enjoying a tea break with the residents of the park can be very enjoyable after a long walk along the shore.
6. It does not seem very probable that Eric will be able to find a new apartment before he has to leave his old
one.
A. Eric doesn't think he will be able to find a new apartment before he is thrown out of his old one.
B. Eric's search for a new apartment while there is still time may well succeed, but only if he works really hard
at it.
C. It is hardly likely that Eric will be unable to find a new apartment before he is out on the streets.
D. That Eric's search for a new apartment will be successful before he has to vacate his old one appears highly
unlikely.
7. She is currently writing a historical book about food, which will include old recipes and the history behind
them.
A. At the moment, she is collecting recipes and the historical information behind them for the book which she
intends to write on food.
B. The book she is writing at the moment is on the history of food, with old recipes and stories behind them.
C. There are many interesting historical facts behind the old recipes to be found in her book, which is a history
of food.
D. The book she is writing is actually a historical book, but it also contains information about old recipes and
the stories behind them.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the
correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.
Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc has delivered Vietnam’s strong message, aspiration, and determination
to become a “country of renovation and creativity” and an economy with globally extensive (8) ........... when


Tài liệu bạn tìm kiếm đã sẵn sàng tải về

Tải bản đầy đủ ngay

×

×