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problem 1 (autorecovered)

Vấn đề 01: CÁC THÌ HAY GẶP TRONG ĐỀ THI TOEIC
1. Thì hiện tại đơn.
Kiến thức cần nhớ:
Dạng thức (form):
𝒂𝒎/ 𝒊𝒔 / 𝒂𝒓𝒆 + 𝑨 (𝒃ổ 𝒏𝒈ữ)
Thể khẳng định: S + {
𝑽 (𝒆𝒔, 𝒔) + 𝑶
𝒂𝒎/ 𝒊𝒔 / 𝒂𝒓𝒆 + 𝒏𝒐𝒕 + 𝑨 (𝒃ổ 𝒏𝒈ữ)
Thể phủ định: S + {
𝒅𝒐/ 𝒅𝒐𝒆𝒔 + 𝒏𝒐𝒕 + 𝑽 + 𝑶
(am not, are not = aren’t, is not = isn’t, do not = don’t, does not = doesn’t)
𝑨𝒎/ 𝑰𝒔 / 𝑨𝒓𝒆 (𝒏𝒐𝒕) + 𝑺 + 𝑨 (𝒃ổ 𝒏𝒈ữ)?
Thể nghi vấn: {
𝑫𝒐/ 𝑫𝒐𝒆𝒔 + (𝒏𝒐𝒕) + 𝑺 + 𝑽 + 𝑶?
(He/ She/ It/ John→is/ does; they/ we/ I/ A &B →do; I →am, they/ we/ A &B →are)
Cách dùng (usage):
+Thì hiện tại đơn được dùng trong mệnh đề phụ của câu điều kiện loại 1.
Eg: If it rains heavily, the crop will be good.
→Thường ra thi trong part 6.
+Dùng để diễn tả một hành động thường xuyên xảy ra, lặp đi lặp lại, một thói quen
ở hiện tại. Cách dùng này chỉ cần nhớ dấu hiệu: always, usually, sometimes, seldom,

never, often, rarely, constantly, regularly, today, frequently, once/ tiwe ... a week/
year/... ,etc.
Eg: I always go to school by bike every day.
+Diễn tả một chuyến đi, một lịch trình đã lên sẵn theo một thời gian biểu đã được
định ở trong tương lai.
Eg: The shop opens on Monday next week.
+Dạng bị động của thì hiện tại đơn: S + AM/ IS/ ARE + P.P →dạng câu hỏi ra thi
nhiều nhất của thì hiện tại đơn.
+Trong mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ thời gian ta không dùng động từ ở tương lai đơn mà
phải dùng ở hiện tại đơn nếu mệnh đề chính chia ở tương lai đơn (hiện tại đơn), đôi
khi dùng với thì hiện tại hoàn thành để nhấn mạnh (complete, finish).
Eg: I’ll go to bed after I finish/ have finished my homework.
+Chỉ một sự thật hiển nhiên (ít ra thi Toeic).
Eg: Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen.


Exercise
Question 1: When the visitors ______ their tour of the facility, they will have an
opportunity to purchase items at the gift shop.
A. will be completed
B. should complete
C. will complete
D. complete
Question 2: Daily guided tours of the warehouse ______ at 10:00 A.M. in the reception
area on the first floor.
A. begin
B. begins
C. to begin
D. beginning
Question 3: Although she has been transferred to Mexico city, Ms. Baxter and her
former colleagues at the New York branch _____ in contact.
A. remain
B. remains
C. remaining
D. has remained
Question 4: Atmospheric water vapor ______ air temperature by absorbing thermal
radiation from the Sun and the Earth.
A. regulate
B. regulates
C. is regulated
D. has been regulated
Question 5: If employees ____ to take vacation time, they must inform their supervisor
in writing at least two weeks prior to the first day off.
A. plan
B. will plan
C. would plan
D. will have planed
Question 6: Mr. Kozumi must complete the cost estimate before he _____ for the
conference.
A. will leave


B. leaves
C. leaving
D. left
Question 7: The staff volleyball team is going out to eat tomorrow after they ______ in
the semifinals tournament.
A. will complete
B. will have completed
C. are completing
D. complete
Question 8: Most consulting firms usually _____ high fees for their consulting services.
A. charges
B. charge
C. charging
D. is charging
Question 9: The department heads frequently _____ with the overseas marketing team.
A. to meet
B. will meet
C. meet
D. meeting
Question 10: My boss’s plane _______ at 10:15 tomorrow morning, but I cannot pick
him up.
A. arrives
B. is arriving
C. will be arriving
D. arrived
Question 11: People in NY are healthier because they walk a few blocks every day
since the road are _____ crowded with cars and taxis.
A. cleanly
B. finely
C. usually
D. exactly
Question 12: Even though assigned tasks are somewhat complex, we will have to
complete them before we _____ for the day.
A. leave
B. leaving


C. to leave
D. have left
Question 13: Trains for Gruyville _____ at 9:00 A.M. Monday through Friday.
A. depart
B. is departed
C. departs
D. is departing
Question 14: As soon as the general wait staff ______ the speed and efficiency of their
service skills, the Mediterranean will surely be one of the most popular restaurants.
A. improves
B. improve
C. had improved
D. is improved
Question 15: Once a year, the company _______ a company seminar in Las Vegas
A. has hold
B. holds
C. held
D. hold
Question 16: The airport shuttle ______ every hour from hotel's front entrance.
A. depart
B. was departed
C. are departing
D. departs
Question 17: Most farmers should buy refrigeration containers to transport vegatables
so that they do not _____, thus providing consumers with the freshest produce.
A. be deteriorated
B. deteriorate
C. deteriorating
D. to deteriorate
Question 18: Once new workers successfully _____ the training procedures, they will
have better understanding of their work.
A. completion
B. completed
C. completing
D. complete


Question 19: We usually __________ refreshments, including snack items produced by
our company, when clients visit us at our office.
A. serve
B. are serving
C. will serve
D. served
Question 20: The warranty does not _____ any damage caused by accident, misuse,
fire, flood, or improper installation.
A. covering
B. covered
C. coverage
D. cover



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