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1 U N IV E R S IT Y PR E S S


ЁШ 1

u n i v e r s i t y of C A M B R ID G E

Щ И р E S O L Examinations

Cambridge English

Complete
Bands 4 -5

*!81 *
* * *>

Workbook with Answers
Rawdon Wyatt

Official Cambridge preparation materials for IELTS


Cambridge English

Bands 4 -5

Workbook with Answers
Rawdon W yatt

H

C a m b r id g e
U N IV E R SIT Y PRESS


C A M B R ID G E U N IV E R S IT Y PRESS
Cambridge, N ew York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town,
Singapore, Sao Paulo, Delhi, Tokyo, Mexico City
Cambridge University Press
The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 8RU, U K
w w w . Cambridge, org

Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9781107602458
© Cambridge University Press 2012
This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception
and to the provisions o f relevant collective licensing agreements,
no reproduction o f any part may take place without the written
permission o f Cambridge University Press.
First published 2012
Printed in the United Kingdom at the University Press, Cambridge
A catalogue recordfor this publication is availablefrom the British Library
ISB N
ISB N
ISB N
ISBN
ISBN
ISBN
ISBN

978-0-521-17956-0 Student’s Book with Answers with C D -RO M
978-0-521-17957-7 Student’s Book without Answers with C D -RO M
978-0-521-18515-8 Teacher’s Book
978-0521-17958-4 Class Audio CDs (2)
978-0521-17960-7 Student’s Pack (Student’s Book with Answers with C D -R O M and Class Audio CDs (2))
978-1107-60245-8 Workbook with Answers with Audio C D
978-1107-60244-1 Workbook without Answers with Audio C D

Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or
accuracy o f UR Ls for external or third-party internet websites referred to in
this publication, and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is,
or will remain, accurate or appropriate. Information regarding prices, travel
timetables and other factual information given in this work is correct at
the time o f first printing, but Cambridge University Press does not guarantee
the accuracy o f such information thereafter.


Contents

M ap of th e u n it s

4

1

Great places to be

6

2

People’s lives

12

3

Getting from A to В

18

4

It was all new once

24

5

Animal world

30

6

Being human

36

7

Literacy skills

42

8

Tourist attractions

48

9

Every drop counts

54

Building design

60

Recording scripts

66

Answer key

75

Acknowledgements

84

10

*
Contents ©


L is te n in g

U nit title

R ead in g

1 Great p laces to be

Reatfog I : The best citids in the w orld

Listening: Renting an apartment

• Tab!e completion

• Form completion

Reading 2: A c ity survey with a difference
• Note completion

2 People’s lives

Reading 1: Patrick M alone

Listening: Preparing for a magazine interview

• Flow-chart completion

• Predicting the answers

Reading 2: Sylvia Earle, U nderwater hero

• Note completion

• Short-answer questions
• True / False / Not Given

3 Getting from A to В

Map of the units

4 It w as all new once

Reading 1: The Boeing 787

Listening: Information about a train journey

• Labelling a diagram

• Labelling a. diagram

Reading 2: Pedestrians only

• Multiple choice

• Matching headings

• Listening for synonyms and paraphrases

Reading 1: The ballpoint pen

Listening: Market research interview

• Multiple choice

• Sentence completion

Reading 2: M a rce lB ich

• Pick from a list

• Summary completion

5 Anim al world

Reading 1: The honey badger

Listening: Information about a college event

• Sentence completion

• Table completion

Reading 2: On the trail o f the honey badger

• Labelling a plan

• Pick from a list

6 Being human

Reading 1: Breaking the habit

Listening: Things that make people happy

• Yes / No / Not Given

• Matching

Reading 2: Fighting fear using virtual reality

• Pick from a list

• Summary completion with a box

7 Literacy skills

8 Tourist attractions

9 Every drop counts

Reading: Graphic novels

Listening: Applying for tickets to a book fair

• Matching information

• Form completion

• Table completion

• Multiple choice

Reading: Holidays with a difference

Listening: Tour guide giving information

• Summary completion

• Sentence completion

• Matching features

• Table completion

Reading: The rain makers

Listening: A tutor and a student talking

• Matching headings

10 Building design

• Sentence completion

• Matching

• Pick from a list

• Flow-chart completion

Reading: The man who tried to destroy Paris

Listening: A talk on the Beijing Olympic

• Multiple choice
• Matching sentence endings
• Yes / No / Not Given

4 ) Map of the units

about an essay

stadium
• Note completion


W riting

V o c a b u la ry a n d S p e llin g

Writing Task 1

• Collocations and prepositional phrases

Present scmpHe and present

• Describing pie charts and bar charts

• Key vocabulary

contmuaus

• Selecting key features

• Spelling: Making nouns pltfral

G ra m m a r

• Using accurate data
Writing Task 2

• Working out the meanings of words

• Analysing the task

• Key vocabulary

• Planning an answer

• Spelling: Changes when adding -e d

Past simple

• Writing an introduction
• Using linkers: also, and, ftufand however
Writing Task 1

• m ake and cause

Making comparisons with

• Describing tables and charts

• Key vocabulary

adjectives and adverbs

• Comparing data and selecting key points

• Spelling: Changes when adding - e r and

• Writing in paragraphs

-esfto adjectives

Writing Task 2

• What type of word is it? 1

• To what extent do you agree or disagree?

• Key vocabulary

• Brainstorming ideas

• Spelling: Using and misusing double

• Organising your ideas

Present perfect

letters

Writing Task 1

• What type of word is it? 2

• Summarising two charts

• Prepositions in time phrases

• Comparing bar charts

• Words that give directions

• Grouping information

• Key vocabulary

Countable and uncountable nouns

• Spelling: Small words often misspelled
Writing Task 2

• Word building

• Answering a single question

• Key vocabulary

• Planning an answer

• Spelling: Suffixes

Writing Task 1

• raise or rise?

• Describing trends

• Key vocabulary

• Using verb and noun phrases

• Spelling: Forming adverbs from adjectives

Zero and first conditionals Сif ! unless)

Prepositions to describe graphs

• Writing an overview
Writing Task 2

• tourism or tourist?

• Answering two questions

• Key vocabulary

• Analysing the task

• Spelling: Introductory and linking phrases

Relative pronouns: who, which, that, where

• Writing a conclusion
Writing Task 1

• effect, benefit, advantage, disadvantage

The passive

• Summarising a diagram

• Key vocabulary

Sequencers

• Planning an answer

• Spelling: Some common mistakes

• Ordering the information
• Comparing two diagrams
Writing Task 2

• Word choice

• Discussing opposing views and giving

• Guessing the meaning of words

your opinion
• Analysing the task and brainstorming
ideas
• Structuring an answer

Modal verbs

• Improving vocabulary use
• Key vocabulary
• Spelling: Proofing your essay for common
spelling mistakes

• Proofing an answer for spelling and
punctuation mistakes

5

Map of the units ( 5


Great places to be

In a recent internet survey, tourists and business travellers
were asked to rate 50 cities around the world, from the
best to the worst. O f the top three cities, two were in
Europe and one was in Australia.

Reading 1
Table completion
0

You are going to read a passage about some of the
cities above. Read the passage quickly and answ er
these questions.
1 W hich o f the cities above are mentioned?

In third place was London, scoring highly mainly because
it was the most famous city on the list o f 50 surveyed. It
was also seen as a very good place to do business, and
was an important cultural centre. However, it lost points
because people believed it was an extremely expensive
place to live.

2

H ow m any advantages are given for
each c ity ? .................................................................

0 Find words or phrases in the passage which have
a similar meaning to the underlined words and
phrases in the table below.
well-known:

quality of li f e : ...............

ex celle n t:.............. ........... m ost pleasan t:...............
v e r y : .............. ...................not m a n y :...............
residen ts:.............. ........... a lo t :...............

0 N ow complete the table. Choose ONE w ord from

Sydney was also a very popular destination, achieving
second place on the list because people believed it had
the friendliest inhabitants, as well as the best standard
o f living and the nicest climate. It failed to make the top
spot, however, because people thought there were very
few things to see there, and many also thought it was too
far away from other business and cultural centres.
A t the top o f the list was Paris. Despite problems such
as the large amount o f traffic, it beat other cities to
first place because people considered it to be the most
interesting city, with more museums, art galleries and
places o f interest than anywhere else. People also thought
it was the best city to take a holiday in.

the passage for each answer.
City

Overall position in survey

Perceived advantages

Perceived disadvantages

London

1 ...................

• Is more well-known than the other cities.

Is verv 3 ...................

• Has excellent 2 ...................opportunities.
Sydney

Second

• Residents are the 4 ...................
• ftas the best qualitv of life.

Not manv things to see.

• Has the most pleasant 5 ....................
Paris

6 ..................

• Is more 7 ...................than other cities.

Has a lot of 8 ...................


Reading 2
Note completion
О You are going to read a passage about a type of
city survey. Read the passage quickly and answ er

© Match the words or phrases (1-7), which are
underlined in the passage, with the words or
phfases (a -g ) w hich have a sim ilar meaning.
1 sim ilar to

these questions.
1 W hat do ‘best city’ websites usually show?

2

W hat does the CBI ask people to do?
g

m axim um

О N ow complete the notes below. Choose ONE

A city survey with a difference

W O R D OR A NU M BER from the passage for each
answer.

There are many websites on the Internet which provide lists o f
the w orld’s best cities to visit, live or work in. These lists usually
grade the cities in order, from ‘best’ to ‘worst’, and are based on
facts and figures provided by local or national organisations.
The C ity Brands Index (C B I) also provides a list o f best and
worst cities. However, unlike other surveys, it is based on the

The City Brands Index
The CBI believes that cities are like 1 ...................
which people can buy when they go shopping.
Surveys take place every 2 ....................

idea that cities are similar to products in shops. It asks ordinary
people in other countries to grade cities in the same way that
they would grade a product, like a soft drink or a car. W h at is
particularly different about the C B I is that the people who take
part in the survey may not have ever visited the cities. Instead,
they are asked to say what they think the cities are like, basing
their opinions on things like news stories, magazine articles or
television programmes they have heard or seen.
Each year, about 10,000 people in 20 countries take part in
the C B I survey, and they grade a total o f 50 cities. They do
this by filling in an online questionnaire. There are several
categories in the survey. These include things like the economy,
education, the environment, local culture, climate and what
the city’s residents are like.

A maximum o f 3 ...................cities are included in the
survey. i
A number o f different 4 ...................are included in
the survey.
The CBI list is helpful for:
• people who are trying to decide where to
5

or get a job.

• people who are looking for a good 6 ...................
destination.
• local 7 ...................who want to make their city a
better place.

The C B I list is useful because it helps people choose a good
place to live, find work or take a holiday.
It also helps regional governments to
understand why people and businesses
are, or are not, coming to their cities,
and so shows them areas which they
could develop or improve.

Great places to b e ( 7 )


Listening

Good Moves Accommodation Agency

Form completion
О ^

Call taken by:

Listen to four short conversations, and

Name: 1 ...............................

complete these sentences by choosing the correct
word and/or number.

Telephone: 2 .............................

1 The man is m ovin g house on Friday 3rd / 13th /

2

Heard about us from: 3 ...............................

30th.

Type o f accommodation preferred:

The man has come from Crawford / Crauford /

4 ...............................

Crawsord.
3

Number o f people: 5 ............. ...................

The m an’s m obile number is 0780 29227 /

Preferred location: Wants to be close to

0872 92702 / 0870 292720.
4

6 ........

Sue lives at 70 Sydney / 70 Sidney /

Price: maximum 7 £ ............................... per person

17 Sydney Avenue.
0

rW.

(including 8 .............................. .)

$3^ N ow listen to these short conversations, and
complete the sentences with no more than T W O

Additional notes:

W ORDS AND/OR A NUMBER.
1 The w om an’s name i s .......................................

I suggested Flat 3 at 9 ............................... Road in
Bampton.

2

The w om an’s m obile number i s .....................

I w ill send further details to customer by

3

The m an’s address i s ..................................... ,

10.............................

Fenton.
4

The w om an arrived o n ...................April.

© You are going to hear a w om an calling an
accommodation agency about an apartment she

Vocabulary
Collocations and prepositional phrases

wants to rent. Before you listen, look at the form
on the right and answ er the following questions.

In which gaps do you think you w ill need to w rite:

0

a

a w ord (or words) o n ly ? ........................................

b

a number o n ly ? .......................................................

с

a w ord (or words) and a num ber?........................

^

N ow listen and complete the form. W rite no

more than T W O W ORD S AND/OR A NU M BER for
each answer.

0

W hich of these w ords are adjectives, and which
are nouns? Write the words in the box in the
correct columns.
' festivals
lively

friendly
food
pretty
scenery

Adjectives

tasty
inhabitants
spectacular
villages

Nouns
-pe-sfmis

( I T ) Unit 1


3

© Complete the gaps in this passage w ith an
adjective and noun pair from Exercise 1.

W e spent tw o w eeks in a sm all villa g e in / on
the mountains.

4 P ro p erty prices by / in the city centre are

My home city (Part 1)
What can I tell you about my home city? First of

so expensive that on ly a few people can

all, I must mention its 1
.
Everyone smiles and says hello when you meet them.

afford them.

Then there’s the 2 ............................ which you can

5 The tow n o f W adi Musa is near / on the desert.
It’s only an hour’s drive away.

get everywhere. It’s delicious, and really cheap. Four
6

or five times a year there are 3 ............................
where people celebrate important events with street
parties and other fun events. And if you get fed up

be so quiet and borin g there.
7

with the city, you can get a bus into the countryside,
8

5 ..............................

W hen I was a grow in g up in the UK, I lived in /
on the suburbs.

where there are lots of 4 .............................. The hills
and mountains there also provide some really

I w ould hate to live by / in the country. It must

Our house was right by / near a river. There
was even a place at the end o f garden where you

© W hich of these words are adjectives, and which

could leave your boat.

are nouns? W rite the words in the box in the

Key vocabulary

correct columns.
apartments
crowded
city
lifestyle
relaxed
streets

industrial
tiny

Adjectives

Nouns

crowde-d

Aparfn.e-'vits

© Com plete the passage w ith w ords from the box.
conclude
crime
diverse
impact
industrial
influence
lifestyle
locals
ranks
reaction
re putation
surround

The city where I live has a bad 1 re-pMfat.Wi.
because of its high 2 ................ rate. If you believe
everything you read in the newspapers, you might
3 ................ that everyone who visits the city has
their wallet stolen or gets attacked in the street the

О Complete each gap in the passage below with

moment they arrive. In recent years this has had

T W O words from Exercise 3.

a negative 4 ................ on the number of tourists
who come to the city, since news stories can really

M y home city (Part 2)

5

people when they are thinking of visiting

It has its bad points as well. It’s an
1 ............................ , which means that there is a lot

a place. I won’t pretend that my city is the best

of pollution, and there are also lots of ugly factories

place in the world. It’s noisy and crowded, and ugly
6
estates 7 ................. it on all sides. In

everywhere. Most people live in 2 ............................
because houses are too expensive. They work really
hard, and they can’t afford to enjoy the sort of
3
that many people associate with
my country. And it can take ages to walk along the
4

in the city centre because there

fact, it 8 ................ as sixth on a national list of the
country’s worst places to live, and for most visitors,
their first 9 ................ is ‘Oh no, what a horrible
place!’ However, I think this is unfair. There are some
attractive old buildings in the city, the 10 ................
population gives the place a colourful, international

are so many people and so much traffic.

feel, most of the 11................ are friendly and
0

welcoming, and because prices are low, people can

Complete these sentences by choosing the best

afford to enjoy a 1 2 ................ that is considerably

preposition.

better than in many other cities.

1 M y house is by. / in the sea. You w alk out o f the
front door straight onto the beach.
2

I live in a two-room flat in / on the outskirts of
the city.

$
Great places to be ( ? )


Grammar

s One of the things I enjoy the most is something called
•people watching’. So right now 1 10 .................. on

Present simple and present continuous
0

Each of these sentences contains a mistake. Cross

my parents’ balcony and 11.................. people in the
street below.

out the mistake and write the correct w ord or

In the evenings 1 1 2 .................. my friends for a

words at the end of the sentence.

meal, or sometimes w e 1 3 .................. volleyball in
one of the city parks. Of course, there 14..................

1 L ivin g in the countryside is having many
advantages.
2

bad sides to the city as well. It 15 .................. more

M s ..

and more crowded, for example, and the crime rate
16.................. because there are a lot of people out of

I’m feeling that cities are dirty, noisy and

work.

expensive places.........................
3

W inters in m y city are hard because it’s
snow ing a lot............................

Writing

4

City life becom ing more and more expensive.

Task 1

5

I’m study English at a language school in m y

0

Look at the pie chart and match sentence parts
1-7 with a -g .

home tow n ................................
6

its museums and galleries 16%

People generally are b elievin g that country life
is healthier than city life.

.......................

its friendly inhabitants. 22%

7 The city council is build lots o f new apartment
blocks in the suburbs............................
8

-------------------- other

I’m not likin g small towns because there’s
its summer arts festival. 36%

nothing to d o............................

0

Complete the passage with the correct form of

its cafёs, bars and restaurants. 16%

the verbs in the box (present simple or present
Edinburgh visitors survey: What are the city’s
best features?

continuous).

The chart shows

a

The largest
percentage, 36
percent,

like the most.
b

visitors

с

choose other things.

d

think that its summer arts
festival is the best thing

The city’s
be (x3)
meet

become
play
rise

have (x2)
like
live
look
sit
stay
think
watch

about it.

cafes, bars and
restaurants were

e

I 2 .................. a small flat in the suburbs, but at the
moment I 3 .................. with my parents in the city
centre because my mother 4 .................. ill and I
5 .................. after her until she gets better.
I 6 .................. that Buenos Aires is a really lively and
exciting city, and I 7 .................. it here a lot. life in general 8 .................. lots of advantages. There
9 .................. always so many things to see and do.

(T o )

Unit

1

think the city’s cultural
attractions are its best

popular with
I 1 .iive-...in Buenos Aires, the capital of Argentina.

choose its friendly
inhabitants.

22 percent
16 percent of

choose its museums and
galleries as the things they

features.

10 percent
Overall, the

f

another 16 percent of visitors.

majority of

g

what visitors to Edinburgh

visitors

like most about the city.


0

N ow look at the chart about where tourists stay at
a holiday destination. Put the sentences below in
the correct order to make a summary.

Spelling
Makiqg nouns plural
0

34%

W rite the singular and plural forms of the words

Percentage of tourists

from the box in the table.
boss
party

24%

22 %

bey

foot

potato

Rule

man

visitor

match
w ife

Singular

Plural

1 Add s

..bo^s...

3%
2 Add es
73 Я

я S
.2 °
c
[-1
01
С

О

л

tj
о
bJ

(U
0J от
3 3
О о
л

от
о

А

(II

Он
S
п)
и

3 Change one



or more of the
letters
4 Change the
last letter to i

Where tourists stay at Casuarina Beach

and add es
5 Remove the

A

last two letters

24 percent of tourists stay in these................

and add ves

В The youth hostel and the campsite
accomm odate nine percent and eight percent of
tourists....................
С Overall, more visitors stay in hotels than in
any other kind o f accom m odation....................
D The largest percentage, 34 percent, stay in the

0

These s6ntences contain a singular w ord that
should be plural. Each w ord follows one of the
rules in the table above. Underline the word, then
write the plural form at the end of each sentence.
1 There are three really good beach a few miles

tow n ’s local hotels.....................
E The chart gives inform ation about the different

from m y home. ..bwtkzs.
2

types of accom m odation that tourists stay in
w hen they visit Casuarina Beach.........I..........
F

M any people grow their ow n peas, beans and
tom ato....................

3

Everyone knows that sugar is bad for your tooth.

International hotels are also popular, w ith 22
percent of tourists choosing to stay in one.

4 There are more w om an in the governm ent now
than there used to b e ....................

G A further three percent stay in other types of

5

accom m odation....................
H Guest houses are the next most popular type

He told us some really funny story about the
tim e he w orked on a fa rm ....................

6

I’m staying w ith m y brother for a few day.

7

In m y country, it is illegal to carry knife in the

o f accom m odation....................

street....................
8

Bus into tow n run every 30 minutes during the
day....................

9

10

There are several good hotel in m y town.

M y cat is always bringing dead mouse into m y
fla t....................
Great places to be


People’s lives

Reading 1
Flow-chart completion
О You are going to read about a traveller and
explorer called Patrick Malone. Look at the flow
chart. W h at type of information do you think you
need for each gap?
1

4

2

5

3

6
Patrick Malone

Born in Switzerland in 1968.

I

Patrick Malone (Part 1)

““ Patrick Malone is a traveller, writer and broadcaster. He
°“was born in 1968 in Basel, Switzerland, where his British

Moved to 1 ...................when he was twelve.

parents were working for a pharmaceutical company. His
°° family left Switzerland when he was twelve, and returned

Studied 2.

°Ло their home in Britain. For the next six years, Malone

. at university.

o° attended the local secondary school. He then went to Leeds
°0 University to do a course in Human Geography. He wanted

S to become a town planner. However, the only work he could
Got a job as a 3

СООсООСОО

° find was as a teacher at a local school.
о

о During his holidays and free time, he went walking, often

Once travelled more than 4.

, on foot on

a single trip.

о covering very long distances very quickly. On one occasion
о he walked the entire length of Britain, a distance of over
0 1 ,4 0 0 kilometres, in less than a month. He enjoyed the
a„ experience and the challenge so much that he started

Often went walking in places that were quite

Joined an 6 ...................to the Amazon.

0 Use the words in the box to complete the flow
chart above and then check your answers by
reading the passage.
Britain
expedition
Human Geography
1,400 kilometres
remote
teacher

л..

'? walking in different parts of the world, usually in fairly
1 remote areas away from major population centres. The
о people he met and the experiences he had on these trips



° provided him with some excellent material for his classes.
>
° It was during one trip that he met his old university tutor,

<
<
с

о Don Perkins. At tf№ time, Perkins was putting together a

"

0 team of geographers and biologists for a research trip to

I

“ the Amazon, and asked Malone if he would like to go with

°

» them. The expedition was for a whole year, and so he had

°

1 to give up his job at the school, but Malone did not hesitate <*
о to accept Perkins' offer. He sold his car to make some
о

° ° ° О О
о о о о о

12) Unit 2

"

° money, bought an airline ticket for Brazil and set off.
о о о о о о л п
о о у о о о o ’ ( Р (Р сР
а

сз о

<Ь ^

°
(jj

0

Read the next part of the passage, and complete
gaps 7-12. Choose NO MORE T H A N T W O W ORDS
AND/OR A NU M BER for each one.

Patrick Malone (Part 2)

Reading 2
Shor^answer questions; True / False / Not Given

О Look at this picture and answ er the questions
below.

The Amazon expedition, which took-six months and
covered a distance of almost 2 ,5 0 0 kilometres, was
a great success. The group discovered some new
plant and insect species, as well as a forest tribe
which people had never heard of. Malone enjoyed the
trip so much that he decided to become a full-time
explorer. He earned money by writing travel articles for
l f -> '/'
)a

magazines and newspapers, which he illustrated with
his own photographs.

' (■

'rif

■■

,

In 1996, he married Margaret Logan, an American
doctor he had met while travelling around A frica. In
1 998 they had Adam, the first of three children (twins
Am elia and Jennifer were born a year later). Many
families at this stage would settle down, but Margaret

1 W hat do you think this person does?

and Patrick decided to keep travelling, spending two
years walking around India and another twelve months

2

exploring the islands of Indonesia.

W hat are the dangers involved in a job like this?

When they returned home, they wrote a magazine
article about travelling with small children. It was so
popular that they were asked to write several more
articles on the same subject. This was followed by an

0

You are going to read a passage about a wom an

offer from a television company to present a T V series

called Sylvia Earle. Before you read the passage,

about travelling with children. The series ran for 12

look at the title and the subheading. W hat do you

years, and won several television awards. Today they

think the passage w ill talk about?

still make the most of every opportunity to travel, and
have recently returned from the South Pacific.

a

a wom an w ho has an interesting hobby

b

a scientist w ho wants to know more about the
sea

Travelled 2,500 kilometres through the Amazon.

с

a student w ho wants to becom e an underwater
explorer

7 ...................a tribe that nobody knew existed.

© Read the passage on page 14. Choose NO MORE
T H A N T W O W ORDS AND/OR A NUM BER FROM
THE PASSAGE for each answer.

8 ...................someone he met on a trip.
1 W hat career did Sylvia decide to follow after her
first d iv e ? ................................................................
They had 9 ...................: Adam, Am elia and Jennifer.
2

H ow far under water did she go in order to break
a world record?......................................................

Explored the Indonesian islands for 10 .....................




3

W hat was causing harm to everyth ing livin g in
the sea?...................................................................

Made a successful 11.....................
4

W here does Sylvia think w e should get our fish
fro m ? .......................................................................

Still likes to 1 2 ...................whenever possible.
People’s lives (тз)


underwaterihero
She has spent her working life studying the world's oceans
Sylvia Earle is an underwater explorer and marine
\ biologist who was born in the USA in 1935. She becam e
|

Listening
Note completion
0

interested in the world's oceans from an early age. As

Look at the notes below. W hich answers need:
a words o n ly ? .............

I a child, she liked to stand on the beach for hours and

b numbers o n ly ? ...........

с words and numbers?

look at the sea, wondering what it must be like under the
surface.

First n a m e:..................

When she was 16, she finally got a chance to make her
first dive. It was this dive that inspired her to become an

Address:...................Street, Wokingham, Berkshire

underwater explorer. Since then, she has spent more

Date of birth: 5th A p r il....:..............

than 6 ,5 0 0 hours under water, and has led more than
seventy expeditions worldwide. She has also made the

Telephone:...................

deepest dive ever, reaching a record-breaking depth of

Occupation:...................

381 metres.

Distance from home to w orkplace:...................

In 1970, she becam e famous around the world when

Method of transport to w o rk :...................

she becam e the captain of the first all-female team

Free-time activities: cook in g,...................travel

to live under water. The team spent two weeks in an

_________________________ _______

underwater ‘house’. The research they carried out
showed the damage that pollution was causing to marine
life, and especially to coral reefs. Her team also studied

0

. __________ ______ ________________

^

Listen to the eight questions, A -H . Match the
questions w ith the notes above.

; the problem of over-fishing. Fishing methods meant that
i people were catching too many fish, Earle warned, and
; many species were in danger of becoming extinct.
;

Y

Surnam e:............

A = ...ft.

В =

С =

F = ........

G =

H =

D =

E =

Since then she has written several books and magazine
articles in which she suggests ways of reducing the

0

damage that is being done to the world’s oc'eans. One
way, she believes, is to rely on fish farms for seafood,
and reduce the amount of fishing that is done out at sea,

О You are going to hear a conversation between
Eddie and Bridget about someone that Eddie is
going to interview for a m agazine. Think about

the importance it plays in our diets. It would be wrong to

the type of information you need for each space.

: tell people they should stop eating fish from the sea, she
says. However, they need to reduce the impact they are

; having on the ocean's supplies.

Listen to the questions and answers in their

correct order. Complete the notes in Exercise 1.

Although she no longer eats seafood herself, she realises

1;

^

0

^

Listen to the conversation and complete the

notes. W rite NO MORE T H A N T W O W ORDS
AND/OR A N UM BER for each answer.

0

N ow decide if these statements are TRUE, FALSE
or NOT GIVEN according to the information in

Magazine interview

the passage.
Name: ..Tow... 1 .....................
1

Sylvia Earle lives in the U SA......................

2

Until 1970, nobody had lived underwater before.

Occupation: 2 ....................
Has written 3 .....................

Sylvia Earle was w orried about the amount of
fish that w ere being caught.....................

Crossed Gobi desert in 4 ....................
Title of latest book: ‘Has Anyone Seen 5 ................. V

Her books offer some solutions to marine

Has won ‘Travel Book of 6 ...................’ award.

problems.....................

Date of interview: Friday 7 ...................

She thinks people should avoid eating geafood.

Contact number: 8 ...................(call to arrange time)
Place of interview: 9 ..................., Summertown
See his 10...................for more information.


Grammar

Vocabulary

Past simple

Working out the meanings of words

Q Complete the crossword w ith the past sim p le'

О M atch the first part o f each sentence (1-5) w ith

forms of these verbs. Refer to the reading

the second part (a - e ).

passages if you need help.

1 ant, ist and er are

a to indicate that

Across (-+):

often used at the end

something must

1 w in 2 have 4 buy 5 sell 8 be 10 meet 11 take

of a word

be done again.

2 un is often used at the

D ow n ( i ) :

beginning of a word

1 go 3 do 4 becom e 5 spend 6 w rite 7 leave 9 get

3 able and ic are often

b to change a verb or
noun into an adjective.
с to indicate a person,

used at the end of a

especially a person

word

with a particular job.

4 re is often used at the
beginning of a word

d to change a noun or
adjective into a verb.

5 fy is often used at the

e to make a word

end of a word

negative.

@ Com plete these sentences w ith the correct fo rm of
the w ords in the box.
accept
prefer

account
afford
apology
certainty
run
write
receive
identity

1 M y essay on famous explorers was so bad that I
had t o ....rewrite.... it.

© Complete this passage w ith the past simple of the
verbs in the box.
: be
have

decide
leave

2
discover
meet

do
spend

enjoy
start

W hen you arrive at the hotel, t h e ..................
w ill give you your key and tell you which room

go
win

you’re in.
3

Sylvia Earle thinks that the amount o f fish w e
are catching at sea i s ....................

w





4



Л щ ш ,

..

**?***/■ V

4

There w ere over 3 0 0 .................. in the race.

5

In m y opinion, travelling w ith friends is
to travelling on your own.

6 Can y o u .................. the famous explorer in this
picture? I think I recognise him, but I ’m not
sure.
A fter 1 1 ...M ft.... school, 12 ............. nine months
travelling around South-East Asia. 1 3 .............
to Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. I
4 ............. lots o f different people, 5 .............. some
great experiences, and 6 ............. some fascinating
places. I 7 ............. it all so much that 1 8 .............. to
work in the travel business. So, 19 ............. a course
in Travel and Tourism at my local college. I then
10............. my own internet travel agency, selling
cheap airline tickets. It 11............. very successful, and
today thousands o f people use it to buy their tickets and
holidays. Last year it 12............. an award for services
to the travel industry.

7 Unfortunately, there’s a lot o f .................. about
her future w ith the company, and she may lose
her job.

8 This restaurant is not expensive. The food is
good a n d ....................
9

She was v e r y .................. about m issing the
m eeting and said sorry to everyone.

10 W e need a g o o d .................. to take care o f our
business finances.

People’s lives (i5 )


© Complete these sentences with the correct form of

j

things were going badly. At first, he found the trip

the word in brackets, using the rules in

difficult because he missed his fam ily and friends.

Exercise 1.

However, on each of the islands he visited, he stayed
with a local 7 ................. , and the people he met

1 Unfortunately, the computer I tried to order on

made him realise that life could be good, even under

the Internet was .МШШ'ЫЫе?.. (available).
2

difficult circumstances. He 8 .................. returned

He gave m e a horrible look. He absolutely

home a happier person.

(terror) me.
3

A sportsman or sportswom an needs a good
(train) to help them succeed.

4

I can’t see you tonight, so can w e ..................
(arrange) our m eeting for another time?

5

The audience applauded as the world-famous
(piano) w alked onto the stage.

6

7

Writing
Task 2
0

Look at this W riting task, then answ er the
questions which follow it.

I can’t eat seafood because I ’m ..................

In the past, people usually stayed in one place
throughout their life. These days, people often move

(allergy) to it.

around. They often live in several different places

There w ere almost 100.................. (apply) for
the job.

8 Dog, m an, flow er and book are examples of
.................. (count) nouns. Rice, water, a ir and
earth a r e .................. (cou n t).

in their lifetime. What are the advantages and
disadvantages o f both?
Give reasons for your answer and include any
relevant information from your own knowledge and
experience.
Write at least 250 words.

Key vocabulary

W hat should you do in this essay? Choose YES or

0

NO.

Complete the passage with words and phrases
from the box.
account
combines
commentary
community
eventually
prove
regard
voyage

1 W rite about the past.
2

W rite about the present.

3

Explain w hy people stayed
in one place.

4
Many people 1 ....'C&ffifA...
world’s best travel writers.

5

one of his classic travel

6

books, is an 2 ..................
of a long 3 .................. around the islands of the
South Pacific. The book 4 .................. stories about
the people he meets with a 5 .................. on how he
feels from day to day. This is important, because he
made the trip at a time in his life when he had a lot
of personal problems. He wanted to 6 ..................
to himself that he could get on with life, even when

NO

YES

NO

Explain w hy people m ove
around more these days.

The Happy Isles o f Oceania,

YES

Describe the sort of
places w here people lived.

Paul Theroux as one of the

< 5 i > NO
YES NO

YES NO

Say what is good and bad
about both situations.

YES

NO

7

Give your ow n opinion.

YES

NO

8

Say w hy you have this opinion.

YES

NO

9

Give the opinion o f other people.

YES

NO

10 Talk about your
personal experiences.
11 W rite a m axim um o f 250 words.

YES NO
YES

NO


О

4

Student’s Book page 121

says what is good and bad about both
situations. □

0 Look at this sample answer, and complete the
gaps with words from the box. You w ill need to

5 Ogives their own opinion. СП

use some words more than once, and in some

6 talks about their personal experiences. СИ

cases more than one answ er is possible.

7 gives a conclusion. □

; also
and
believe
| opinion
think
view

8 has given a well-organised answer. СИ

but

' however

9

has written at least 250 words. СИ

In the past, it was common for people to be born,
grow up, live and die in the same place. This is still

Spelling

the case in some cultures, 1 ...b.'H.t... not in all.

Changes when adding -ed

I 2 ..b&lie-ye-. /..th-wlC. that living in one place had its

О How do you spell the past simple forms of these

advantages. People were always close to their family

regular verbs? Complete the table w ith the verbs

and their friends. In small communities, people knew

from the box.

everyone w ell 3 .................. they helped each other
more. There was a real community spirit.
4

, there were disadvantages as well. For

admit
appear
memorise
miss
prefer
prove

carry
combine
end
trove
plan
play
save
stop
study

example, people probably got bored easily
5

there would not have been many job

opportunities. 6 .................. , when you had an

Rule

Past simple

Example

m-ove-d

wlove-

1 Add -d

argument with someone, you still had to see them
every day. It would be difficult to get away from them.

2 Add -ed

Now, people are more mobile. In my country, people
move from place to place much more. 1 7 ..................

3 Change the last letter

that this is a good thing, because they can learn
more about the world and enjoy experiences that they
would not have if they stayed in one place. They can
8 .................. meet more people 9 ....................they
have better job opportunities. In my 10 .................. ,
the main disadvantages are that people can lose touch
with their fam ily 11.................. it can be difficult to
make new friends.

to i and add -ed
4 Double the final
letter and add -ed

0 The words in brackets in these sentences each
follow one of the rules in the table above. Write
the words in their past simple forms.
1 I ............... (try) Japanese food for the first tim e
last night.

In my 1 2 .................. , there are clear advantages and
disadvantages to the way people lived in the past

2

1 3 .................. the way they live now. I would not like
to live in the same place all my life. 14.................. , I

wanted to becom e a doctor.
3

know some people who have done this 1 5 ..................
they are perfectly happy.
0

W hen I was grow in g up, I ( l i v e ) ............... w ith
m y grandparents.

4

W e ............... (visit) all the sights during our trip
to N ew York.

Look at the sample answ er again. Has the
candidate answered the question? Tick (/ ) the

W hen she was eight, s h e ............... (decide) she

5 They met in 2003 a n d ............... (m arry) tw o

boxes which are relevant.

years later.

The candidate

6

1 gives an introduction. СП

7 Our friends only had a small house, so w e

2

w rites about the past, d l

3

writes about the present. □

A s soon as s h e ............... (arrive), everyone left.

(stay) in a hotel.
8

His strange behaviour r e a lly ............... (w orry)
everyone.
P eople’s lives (l7 )


Getting from A to В
The Boeing 787
The Boeing 787 'Dreamliner' has been described as the airliner of
the future. We look at the technology that makes it different

Reading 1
Labelling a diagram
О You are going to read a passage about an
airliner. A n sw er the question below.
Read the title and subtitle and look at the picture.
What do you think the passage w ill be about?
a

an airliner that is not the same as other
airliners

b

reasons w hy a new airliner has been so
successful

с

the problems that a new type o f airliner has
been having

0 Read the passage carefully. Complete labels (1-7)
on the diagram. Choose NO MORE T H A N T W O
W ORDS AND/OR A NUM BER from the passage
for each answer.

1 Composite fuselage
m aterial is much

than traditional
alum inium sheets.

Composite fuselage

Until now, airliner fuselages have been made of aluminium
sheets. Large aircraft can have 1,500 of these sheets with
between 40,000 and 50,000 metal fasteners. The 787 is the first
airliner to be built with a one-piece fuselage made from a special
material called 'composite'. Not only does this make the airliner
quicker and easier to build, but it also makes it a lot lighter.
The advantage of this weight reduction is that the 787 uses 20
percent less fuel than other airliners of a similar size, which
.makes it much more environmentally friendly. The reduced
weight also means that the Boeing 787 can fly further than many
other airliners of a similar size, carrying 210 passengers or more
up to 15,200 kilometres before refuelling.
Sometimes an airliner needs to change from one type of engine
to another. This is a difficult and time-consuming process. The
787 has a revolutionary engine attachm ent on the wing which
means that the engines can be changed in a much shorter time.
The case containing the engine is also different from those on
other airliners, it has been designed to cut down the noise from
the engine, making it less noisy for passengers in the cabin as
well as for people on the ground.
In addition to a quieter cabin, passengers will also benefit from
windows which are 65 percent larger than those on other
airliners, giving them a much better view of the world passing
by below them. The windows also have a unique facility which
allows passengers or cabin crew to control the amount of
light that enters them. This is thanks to a liquid in the window
which reacts to an electric current. When a passenger or cabin
crew m em ber presses a button, the current causes a chemical
reaction in the window which darkens the liquid.

m aterial reduces
the amount of

W in d ow glass
can be made
4

Engineers can fit a new
engine in a ....................than
it takes on other airliners.

f i e ) Unit 3

5

darker by passing

A special engine
case reduces

6

The size o f the w in dow s has

a n ...................

increased b y .....................

through them.


Reading 2
Matching headings
0

You are going to read a passage about city streets.
Before you begin, look at the two pictures and
answ er the question.
W hat do you think the passage w ill be about?
a

the difference betw een towns and cities now,

В

in the 1960s, when both city populations and car ownership

and towns and cities in the past

increased rapidly. Dirty exhaust fumes from cars and the

b

h ow towns and cities are planned and built

risks involved in crossing the road were beginning to make

с

rem oving cars and other vehicles from streets in

shopping an unpleasant and dangerous experience. Many
believed the time was right for experimenting with car-free

towns and cities
0

The modern, traffic-free shopping street was born in Europe

streets, and shopping areas seemed the best place to start.

Read the passage quickly and underline words
1-8. Then match them w ith their definitions, a -h .

С

At first, there was resistance from shopkeepers. They believed
that such a move would be bad for business. They argued that

1 pedestrians

2 exhaust fumes

3 experim enting j

4 resistance

5 shopkeepers

6 construction

7 maintenance

a trying something in order to

in their cars. When the first streets in Europe were closed

the work that is done to keep

to traffic, there were even noisy demonstrations, as many

something in good condition

shopkeepers predicted they would lose customers.

с people who own or manage
shops

D

However, research carried out afterwards in several European
cities revealed some unexpected statistics. In Munich,
Cologne and Hamburg, visitors to shopping areas increased

when people disagree with a
change, idea, etc., and refuse

by 50 percent. On Copenhagen's main shopping street,

to accept it

shopkeepers reported sales increases of 25-40 percent.

the outer area of a city, town

Shopkeepers in Minneapolis, USA, were so impressed

or village

when they learnt this that they even offered to pay for the

the work of building houses,

construction and maintenance costs of their own traffic-free

offices, bridges, etc.

streets.

people who are walking and
8 outskirts

people would avoid streets if they were unable to get to them

discover what it is like

not in a vehicle
strong, unpleasant and
often dangerous gases from
vehicles

E

With the arrival of the traffic-free shopping street, many
shops, especially those selling things like clothes, food and
smaller luxury items, prospered. Unfortunately, it wasn't
good news for everyone, as shops selling furniture and larger
electrical appliances actually saw their sales drop. Many of
these were forced to move elsewhere, away from the city

Pedestrians only
How traffic-free, shopping streets developed

A

The concept of traffic-free shopping areas goes back a long

centre. Today they are a common feature on the outskirts of
towns and cities, often situated in out-of-town retail zones
with their own car parks and other local facilities.

time. During the Middle Ages, traffic-free shopping areas
known as souks were built in Middle Eastern countries to
allow people to shop in comfort and, more importantly,
safety. As far back as 2,000 years ago, road traffic was
banned from central Rome during the day to allow for the
free movement of pedestrians, and was only allowed in
at night when shops and markets had closed for the day,
In most other cities, however, pedestrians were forced to
share the streets with horses, coaches and, later, with <^ars
and other motorised vehicles.
Getting from A to В (Тэ)


0

N ow match the headings i-v ii below with
paragraphs A -E in the passage on page 19.
There are two headings that you do not need.

Multiple choice
© You are going to hear the next part of the
information announcement. Before you listen,
read Questions 1-5 and underline the key words
in each question.

List of Headings
i

Facing local opposition

ii

Some reasons for success

iii

W inners and losers

iv

A need for change

V

A n experim ent that went w rong

vi

A n idea from ancient history

vii

N orth Am erica learns from Europe

0

^

N ow listen and answ er Questions 1-5. Choose

the correct letter, A, В or C.

Listening
Labelling a diagram
0

You are going to hear an information
announcement for passengers on a train. Before
you listen, look at the diagram below and answ er
these questions.
1 W here are you on the tra in ?.........................
2

W here is the en g in e ? .........................

3

W hat do w e call the separate parts of the train
where the passengers sit? A re they A cars,

1 H ow long w ill it take to get to Paris?
A about one hour
В about three hours
С about four hours

В carriages, С either o f these?
4

W hat do w e call a room on a train or a ship

2

W hat should passengers do w ith their
passports?

where you sleep? Is it A a cell, В a cabin,

A leave them w ith their steward

С an office?

В lock them away
0

^

N ow listen and label the diagram. W rite ONE

W O R D ONLY for each answer.
1 Leisure centre has

С carry them at all times
3

W hen should passengers be in the restaurant
car for dinner?

access t o ...............

A 7.45 p.m.
Observation deck:

В 8.00 p.m.

you are here.

С 8.15 p.m.
4

W hat w ill the passengers do when the train gets
to the Italian border?

A change trains
В go on a touc
2 ................car for midday I 4 ................. for first-



3

С have lunch in a local cafe

and evening meals._______I

class passengers

5

Second-class

only in the g e n in g .

A eat their ow n food on the train

cabm s wilto basic
facilities.

5

W hat should passengers not do?

C on tact................ by

В open their cabin w in d ow

phone if you need her.

С leave the train before it gets to Italy


Worried about losing their passengers to the

Vocabulary

4 .................. , London Underground managers

make and cause
0

employed a man with an artificial leg to ride up and

Complete this newspaper article with the correct
form of make or cause.

down on the escalators all day. Their 5 ..................
was to prove that the escalators were safe. It

Chaos on streets as traffic •
computer c ra s h e s ... again
A power cut

worked, and the escalators became such a success
that 6 .................. started coming into stations from

1 ... ................. the city's traffic

the street just to ride them. Today, the escalators

control computer system to stop working
again yesterday morning. This

[jjj

2 ......................

three m illion people rely on London Underground

enormous traffic jams throughout the city

trains to get them to and from their 8 ..................

centre, as traffic lights stopped working. As
well as

are more than just a 7 .................... More than

every day, and the system would collapse without

3 ..................... thousands of people

late for work, the chaos on the streets also

a fast and efficient way of getting them to and from

4 ..................... a lot of accidents. Emergency

the platforms.

vehicles were unable to reach accidents in
time, since the traffic jams

5 ..................... it

impossible for them to cross the city quickly.'
A driver we interviewed said, "The new
computer system was supposed to
6 ..................... things easier for us, but since
they started using it, it's just

7 ..................... so

m any problems. It never works properly. This
kind of thing

8 ..................... me so angry."

Key vocabulary
0

Complete the passage using the words from
the box.
: aim
alternative
competition
convenience
destination
pedestrians
revolutionary
unwilling

London Underground’s escalators
When London Underground railway’s escalators
were first installed in 1911, they were completely
1

. people had never seen anything

like them before. Young people thought they
were great fun, but many older passengers were
2

to use them because they thought

they were dangerous. They were frightened the
escalators would stop suddenly, and throw them
all the way to the bottom. As a result, wherever
possible, they used 3 ...................forms of transport
such as the bus or taxis.

5

Getting from A to В (2 l)


*

Writing

H ow much on average does it cost to travel 1km
bv taxi?.......................................

Task 1
0

5

6

Is it cheaper to travel by bus or by tram?

7

W hich form of transport experienced the biggest

Look at this W riting task, and answ er the
questions which follow it.
rise in journey times after im provem ents to the
The table and bar chart show how journey times in a
city centre changed after improvements were made to

network?.......................................
8

the transport network, and the costs o f using different

W hich form of transport experienced the biggest

forms o f transport in the city.

fa ll in journey tim es after im provem ents to the

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting

netw ork ?....................... ..................

the main features, and make comparisons where
relevant.
V.___ ___ :_________ ________

0

Refer to the table and bar chart on the left.
Complete the sentences with w ords from the box.

_

You w ill need to use some w ords more than once.
Form of
transport

Average journey
time before
improvements

Average journey
time after
improvements

Tram

22 minutes

16 minutes

Bus

28 minutes

23 minutes

Taxi

9 minutes

12 minutes

Car

10 minutes

15 minutes

big

cheap

economical

expensive

fast

slow

1 Cost per kilom etre: €0.40.
The cheapest form o f transport is the bus.
2

Average journey tim e: (before) 28 minutes;
(after) 23 minutes.
The bus i s .................. form o f transport.

€2.0 0

3

Cost per kilom etre: €0.50.

€1.90 -

The tram i s .................. than the bus.

a

£V €1.80 -

----------

I

4

| €1.60 -

(after) 16 minutes.

'Л €1.40 u
O,€l.20 -

The tram i s .................. than the bus.

§ € 1.00 -

----------

и

5

60

taxi.

§ €0.60
0.20

Cost per kilom etre: €1.80.
.................. w ay of getting around the city is by

9» €0.80 -



Average journey time: (before) 22 minutes;

6

г---------

Average journey tim e: (before) 9 minutes; (after)
12 minutes.

-

Taxis a r e .................. w ay o f getting around the
Tram

Bus

Taxi

Car

city.

Method of transport

7 Average journey time: (before) 10 minutes;

1 H ow m any forms of transport are included in

(after) 15 minutes.

the table and bar chart?

Cars have s e e n .................. increase in journey

.Hr..(tm ^. .b.jHa.iM i.,ш 4 . .Mir).
2

W hat was the fastest w ay of getting around
the city before im provem ents to the transport

times.
8

(after) 23 / 16 minutes.

n etw ork?.........................................
3

Journeys by bus and tram a r e .................. than

W hat was the fastest w ay o f getting around

by car or taxi.

the city after im provem ents to the transport
n etw ork ?.........................................
4

Average journey times: (before) 28 / 22 minutes;

41

Do tram journeys take more tim e or less tim e
than bus jou rn eys?.........................................

О

S tud ent’s Book Unit 3 page 36


0

Complete the introduction from a sample answ er

© Complete the passage w ith the correct

to the W riting task with words and phrases from

comparative or superlative form of the words in

the box. You should use one word twice.

brackets.

bar graph
: transport

What do I -think is l ...tk& .b& sit... (good) mode of transport?

how long
how much
travel
use

table

1 think that depends on where and why I'm travelling. Obviously

The 1 ................ shows 2 ..................it took to
3

around a city before and after the

4

network was improved. The 5 ...........................

shows 6 ................ it costs to 7 ................. different
forms of 8 ................ in the city.
© N ow do the W riting task. Start your answ er with
the introduction in Exercise 3. Remember to:
• divide your answer into paragraphs
• include a brief conclusion.

over long distances, I can get to my destination much
2

(quick) if I % 6oing the same distance by

train is 3 .............................(slow) than going by plane, but in
my opinion this can be 4 .............................(good), as I can get
to see more of the country Also, travelling by train is
5

(comfortable) form of transport because

there's more room to move about. Without doubt,
6

(bad) method of transport, especially over

long distances, has to be by bus. It's 7 .............................(cheap)
than going by train, but that's the only advantage I can
think of. Of course, 8 .............................(healthy) mode of

Grammar
Making comparisons with adjectives and adverbs
0

transport is the bicycle. It may not be 9 .............................(quick)
way of getting around, and on some roads it's probably
1 0 .............................(dangerous) way of travelling, but over short

Complete the second sentence in each pair so that it

distances I don't think there's anything 1 1 .............................

has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using a

(good). However, a bicycle is not very practical if you have to

comparative adverb form of the words in bold.

travel 1 2 .............................(far) than a few kilometres.

1 It’s quicker to get to London by train than
by bus.
You can get to L o n d o n ... ъог&.р.шК.(^..... by train

Spelling
Changes when adding -ел and -est to adjectives

than by bus.
2

Price rises are steadier this year than last year.

Read the rules below. Num ber each adjective
according to rules 1-5.

Prices are r is in g .................. this year than last

3

year.

dangerous 0

G rilling food is healthier than fryin g it.

fa rQ

You’ll e a t .................. if you grill food instead
of fryin g it.
4

It is easier to travel into tow n by bus than
by car.
You can travel into t o w n .................. by bus than
by car.

5 It’s more economical to shop in the market than
in the supermarket.
You can s h o p .................. in the market than in
the supermarket.

enjoyable Q

fa s tQ

h ig h Q

h o tQ

slow Q

steady Q

1 Add -er or -est

expensive Q

OO odQ

healthy |

la z y Q

sad | ]

|

thin Q
- C-kftftpe-r - t k e c-Ue-cipe-st

2 Change the
last letter to i;

e-As^i ~ &Л5'ег ~

add т or -est
3 Double the
final letter;

big- - bigger ~ f k e bigg&sf

add -er or -est
4 Add more or
the most
5 Change the
word

асик-рогЫЬНе. - укоге. e.om-fV-hxvbj2&
- f k e utosf c.ont-fortftb/e
Ьл<4 - worse- - fkfc worst

Getting from A to В (23)


It was all new once

Vocabulary

0

defin ed here?

W hat type of word is it? 1

1 made by hand instead of by machine ...

О Underline these words in the passage. Then
decide what type of w ord each one is.
Word

Noun,
verb or
adjective?

W h ic h o f the w ord s from the passage are b ein g

Word

2 something that teaches you about
som ething..................

Noun,
verb or
adjective?

3 why you do something, or why
something exists....................

6 rejected

4 refused to accept or agree
with som ething....................

2 instructional

7 complex

5 complicated and difficult to understand.....................

3 activist

8 persisted

4 purpose

9 handmade

1 classic

adje.c.five-

6 extremely big, or a lot of som ething.....................
7 someone who tries to cause social

10 immense

5 accumulate

or political change.....................
8 to increase in amount over
a period of tim e .....................
9 continued trying to do something

The story of Monopoly
Monopoly is one of the biggest-selling

in a determined w a y .....................
10 popular for a long time and of high
quality.......................

games in the world. It is sold in 80
countries and comes in 26 different
languages, But where did this classic board
game come from, and why did it become
so popular?
At the beginning of the 20th century, an
instructional game called 'The Landlord's
Game' was first published by a political activist, Elizabeth Magie.
The purpose of the game was to teach people how rich, powerful
individuals take advantage of the poor while they accumulate even

Key vocabulary
© Com plete the sentences w ith the w ords and
phrases from the box.
cool
imitation
cite
take up
widespread

1 This isn’t a real Rolex watch, just a cheap

iW tafjp 'K ....

more wealth. Unfortunately, the game was not popular, and she sold
very few copies of it.

2

3

'Monopoly', to the games manufacturers Parker Brothers, they rejected
it. They said it was too complex and contained too many flaws.

The advantage o f a small computer is that it
doesn’t .................... too much space.

4

Darrow persisted and decided to produce the game himself. He created

The popular project r e c e iv e d .................... support
from the local community.

and sold over 5,000 handmade sets to a local department store. The
game had immense public appeal, and was so popular that D fto w

D uring m y presentation, I’m going t o ....................
the case of the people who invented the microchip.

In 1934, a man called Charles Darrow redesigned it, creating a game
of chance. However, when he presented his game, which he called

5 Tin y air holes in the w all let in breezes which

went back to Parker Brothers, who bought the rights to the game.

the building on hot days.
6

sales o f the gam e are tw enty m illion
every year.

24) Unit 4

worldwide


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