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Động từ có hai túc từ:
1a.Active: S + V + Indirect Object + Direct Object
Passive: S (I.O) + BE + P.P + D.O + (BY O – S)

Someone gave Mr. Lee an award.

 Mr. Lee was given an award .
b.Active: S + V + Indirect Object + to/for + Direct Object
Passive: S (I. O) + BE + P.P + to/for + D.O + (BY O – S)

Someone gave an award to Mr. Lee.

 An award was given to Mr. Lee.
TO: give, leave, hand, pass, promise, show, offer, read, throw, send, post, bring, pay, sell, write,

tell teach, owe, live.
FOR: buy, get, fetch (tìm/đem về), find, save, choose, reserve, order, book, make, cook, build,

He owes his father 500 dollars = He owes 500 dollars to his father.
His father is owed 500 dollars = 500 dollars is owed to his father.

2.Active: S + remember/like + O1 + V-ing + O2
Passive: S + remember/like + being p.p
Ex1: I remember them taking me to the zoo. (active)
I remember being taken to the zoo.(passive)
Ex2: She likes her boyfriend telling the truth. (active)
She likes being told the truth(by her boyfriend). (passive)
3.Active: It is impossible to inf. Passive: It can’t be + p.p
Ex: It is impossible to do this. It can’t be done.
4.Active: S + let + O + bare inf. Passive: S + be + let + bare inf.
Ex: They let us go. We were let go.
5.Imperative + O  Let + O + be + p.p
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Ex:Do this assignment. Let this assignment be done.
6.Don’t bare inf. + O S + mustn’t be p.p / S+ isn’t / aren’t to be p.p
Ex: a/ Don’t touch this button.
 This button mustn’t be touched / This button isn’t to be touched.
b/ Don’t let them/people bare inf. you  Don’t let yourself/yourselves be p.p
7.He/she let them/people bare inf. him/her  He/she let himself/herself be p.p
Ex:a/ Don’t let people hear you! Don’t’ let yourself be heard.
b/ He let people cheat him. He let himself be cheated.
8. Một số Trường hợp đặc biệt nguyn mẫu cĩ TO: Suppose; see; make;
Ví dụ: You are supposed to learn English now. (passive)
= It is your duty to learn English now. (active)/ You should learn English now. (active)
Ex:a/ He is father makes him learn hard. (active)He is made to learn hard. (passive)
b/ You should be working now. (active)You are supposed to be working now. (passive)
c/ People believed that he was waiting for his friend (active). (hành động được cho là xảy ra trước
khi nói)
He was believed to have been waiting for his friend. (passive)
1. Động từ cần giới từ TO: give, lend, send, show, …
Ex: - (A) John will give me this book. (=John will give this book to me.)
(P1) I will be given this book by John./(P2) This book will be given to me by John.
2. Động từ cần giới từ FOR: buy, make, get, …
Ex: - (A) He bought her a rose. (=He bought a rose for her.)
(P1) She was bought a rose./(P2) A rose was bought for her.
III. Verbs of opinion
S1 + say/know/think/believe/ find/ rumor… + that S2 + V
It + BE + Passive Verb + that + clause.
S2 + BE + Passive Verb + to INF/ to have +PP.
Ex: They think that the owner of the house is abroad.
It is thought that the owner of the house is abroad.
The owner of the house is thought to be abroad.
Ex: - (A) People say that Henry eats ten eggs a day.

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(P1) It is said that Henry eats ten eggs a day./(P2) Henry is said to eat ten eggs a day.
- (A) They thought that Mary had gone away.
(P1) It was thought that Mary had gone away./(P2) Mary was thought to have gone away.
IV. Các đại từ bất định: No one, Nobody, Nothing,………..
Ex: - (A) No one can answer this question.

(P) This question can’t be answered.

- (A) They haven’t done anything.

(P) Nothing has been done.

V. Causative form:
1.To have+ sb + bare inf+ sth = to get sb to do sth  To have/ to get sth done (passive)
I`ll have Peter fix my car.  I’ll have my car fixed by Peter.
I`ll get Peter to fix my car.  I’ll get my car fixed by Peter.
2.To make sb + P2 = lm cho ai bị lm sao
Working all night on Friday made me tired on Saturday.
3.To cause sth + P2 = lm cho ci gì bị lm sao
The big thunder storm caused many waterfront houses damaged .
Sau những động từ: to have, to order, to get, to bid, to cause hay một động từ chỉ về gic quan hoặc
cảm tính, ta dng Past Participle bao hm nghĩa như bị động:
Ex: We had your photos taken.
We heard the song sung.
We got tired after having walked for long.
VI. Một số Trường hợp đặc biệt khác:

Active: S + like/love/want/wish + O + to INF. St
Passive: S + like/love/want/wish + St. + to be p.p

Ex: She wants her sister to take some photographs.(active)
She wants some photographs to be taken by her sister. (passive)

Active: S + advise/insist/propose/recommend/suggest + V-ing + st.
Passive: S + advise/insist/propose/recommend/suggest + that S should be +p.p

Ex: He recommended using my computer.
He recommended that my computer should be used.

NEED + V-ing = NEED + TO BE P.P

The windows need cleaning = the windows need to be cleaned

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I/ Change the following active sentences into passive sentences
1.The waiter is bringing me this dish.
2.Our friends send these postcards to us
3. Their grandmother told them this story when they visited her last week.
4. Tim will order this train ticket for his mother.
5. You didn’t show me the special cameras.
6. Have you sent the Chrismas cards to your family?
7. He lends his friend his new shoes.
8. She left her relatives five million pounds.
9. The shop assistant handed these boxes to the customer.
10.The board is going to award the first prize to the reporter.
II/ Put the verb into the correct form
1.Toshico had car ( repair) by a mechanic.
2. Ellen got Marvin ( type) her paper
3. We got our house ( paint) last week
4. Dr. Byrd is having the students ( write) a composition
5. Mark got his transcripts ( send) to the university.
6. Maria is having her hair ( cut) tomorrow
7. Will Mr Brown have the reporter ( carry) his luggage to his car?
8. My sister has had a new dress ( make) recently
9. The Wilsons won’t have a new house ( build) on that corner next month
10. The President had his advisors ( arrange) a press conference

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