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69 CAU TRUC CAN BAN

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69 CẤU TRÚC CĂN BẢN TRONG TIẾNG ANH
1. S + V + too + Adj/Adv + (for someone) + to do something (Quá....để cho ai làm gì)
This structure is too easy for you to remember.
He ran too fast for me to follow.
2. S + V + so + Adj/Adv + that + S + V (Quá... đến nỗi mà...)
This box is so heavy that I cannot take it.
He speaks so soft that we can’t hear anything.
3. It + be + such + (a/an) + (Adj) + N(s) + that + S + V (Quá... đến nỗi mà..)
It is such a heavy box that I cannot take it.
It is such interesting books that I cannot ignore them at all.
4. S + V + Adj/Adv + enough + (for someone) + to do something (Đủ...cho ai đó làm
gì)
She is old enough to get married.
They are intelligent enough for me to teach them English.
5. Enough + danh từ + (to do something) (Đủ cái gì để làm điều gì đó)
I don’t have enough time to study.
6. Have/get + something + V3/ed (Past Participle) (Có cái gì đã được làm gì...)
I had my hair cut yesterday.
I’d like to have my shoes repaired.


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7. It + be + time + S + V (-ed, cột 2)/It’s +time +for someone + to do something (Đã
đến lúc ai đó phải làm gì...)
It is time you had a shower.
It’s time for me to ask all of you for this question.
8. It + takes/took+ someone + time + to do something (Ai đó làm gì... mất bao nhiêu
thời gian)
It takes me 5 minutes to get to school.
It took him 10 minutes to do this exercise yesterday.
9. To prevent/stop + someone/something + From + N/V-ing (Ngăn cản ai/cái gì... làm
gì..)
He prevented us from parking our car here.
10. S + find+ it+ Adj to do something (Ai nhận thấy như thế nào... để làm gì...)
I find it very difficult to learn about English.
They found it easy to overcome that problem.
11. To prefer + Noun/V-ing + to + N/V-ing (Thích cái gì/làm gì hơn cái gì/làm gì)
I prefer dog to cat.
I prefer reading books to watching TV.
12. Would rather ('d rather) + V (infinitive) + than + V (infinitive) (Thích làm gì hơn
làm gì)
She would rather play games than read books.
I’d rather learn English than learn Biology.
13. Would (‘d ) rather do something/not do something (Thà làm gì/ thà đừng làm gì)
I’d rather stay at home.
I’d rather not say at home.
14. Would (‘d) rather someone did something (Muốn ai làm gì)

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I’d rather you (he/she ) stayed at home today.
15. To be/get used to + V-ing (quen làm gì)
I am used to eating with chopsticks.
16. Used to + V (infinitive) (Thường/đã từng làm gì trong quá khứ và bây giờ không


làm nữa)
I used to go fishing with my friends when I was young.
She used to smoke 10 cigarettes a day.
17. To be amazed at = to be surprised at + N/V-ing (Ngạc nhiên về...)
I was amazed at his big beautiful villa.
18. To be angry at + N/V-ing (Tức giận về)
Her mother was very angry at her bad marks.
19. To be good at/ bad at + N/V-ing (Giỏi về.../Kém về...)
I am good at swimming.
He is very bad at English.
20. By chance = by accident (Tình cờ)
I met her in Paris by chance last week.
21. To be/get tired of + N/V-ing (Mệt mỏi về...)
My mother was tired of doing too much housework everyday.
22. Can’t stand/ help/ bear/ resist + V-ing (Không chịu nỗi/không nhịn được làm gì...)
She can't stand laughing at her little dog.
23. To be keen on/to be fond of + N/V-ing (Thích làm gì đó...)
My younger sister is fond of playing with her dolls.
24. To be interested in + N/V-ing (Quan tâm đến...)
Mrs Brown is interested in going shopping on Sundays.
25. To waste + time/money + V-ing (Tốn tiền hoặc thời gian làm gì…)
He always wastes time playing computer games each day.
Sometimes, I waste a lot of money buying clothes.

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26. To spend + time/money + V-ing (Dành bao nhiêu thời gian làm gì…)
I spend 2 hours reading books a day
Mr Jim spent a lot of money traveling around the world last year.
27. To spend + time/money + on + something (Dành thời gian vào việc gì...)
My mother often spends 2 hours on housework everyday.
She spent all of her money on clothes.
28. To give up + V-ing/N (Từ bỏ làm gì/cái gì...)
You should give up smoking as soon as possible.
29. Would like/want/wish + to do something (Thích/muốn làm gì...)
I would like to go to the cinema with you tonight.
30. Have + something + to verb (Có cái gì đó để làm)
I have many things to do this week.
31. It + be + something/someone + that/who + V (Chính...mà...)
It is Tom who got the best marks in my class.
It is the villa that he had to spend a lot of money last year.
32. Had better + (not) +V (infinitive) (Nên làm gì....)
You had better go to see the doctor.
(Had better = should = ought to)
33. It is + Adj + (for someone) + to do something
It is difficult for old people to learn English.
34. To be bored with (Chán làm cái gì)
We are bored with doing the same things everyday.
35. It’s the first time + someone + have/has + V3/ed + something (Đây là lần đầu tiên
ai làm cái gì)
It’s the first time we have visited this place.
36. To want someone to do something = To want to have something + V3/ed (Muốn ai
làm gì ) (Muốn có cái gì được làm )

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She wants someone to make her a dress.
She wants to have a dress made.
37. It’s not necessary for someone to do something = Someone don’t need to do st (Ai
không cần thiết phải làm gì)
It is not necessary for you to do this exercise.
38. To look forward to V-ing (Mong chờ, mong đợi làm gì )
We are looking forward to going on holiday.
39. To provide someone with N/V-ing (Cung cấp cho ai cái gì)
Can you provide us with some books in history?
40. To fail to do something (Không làm được cái gì/Thất bại trong việc làm cái gì)
We failed to do this exercise.
41. To succeed in V-ing (Thành công trong việc làm cái gì)
We succeed in passing the exam.
42. To borrow something from someone/somewhere (Mượn cái gì của ai)
She borrowed this book from the liblary.
43. To lend someone something (Cho ai mượn cái gì)
Can you lend me some money?
44. To make someone do something (Bắt ai làm gì)
The teacher made us do a lot of homework.
45. It is (very) kind of someone to do something (Ai thật tốt bụng/tử tế khi làm gì)
It is very kind of you to help me.
46. To make sure of something
To make sure that + S + V (Bảo đảm điều gì)
I have to make sure of that information.
You have to make sure that you’ll pass the exam
47. To have no idea of something = Don’t know about something (Không biết về cái gì)
I have no idea of this word = I don’t know this word.

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48. To Advise someone to do something/not to do something (Khuyên ai làm gì/không
làm gì )
Our teacher advises us to study hard.
49. To plan/intend to do something (Dự định/có kế hoạch làm gì )
We planed/intended to go for a picnic.
50. To invite someone to do something (Mời ai làm gì)
They invited me to go to the cinema.
51. To offer someone something (Mời/đề nghị ai cái gì )
He offered me a job in his company.
52. To rely on someone (Tin cậy, dựa dẫm vào ai )
You can rely on him.
53. To keep promise (Giữ lời hứa)
He always keeps promise.
54. To be able to do something = To be capable of + V-ing (Có khả năng làm gì)
I’m able to speak English = I am capable of speaking English.
55. To apologize for doing something (Xin lỗi ai vì đã làm gì)
I want to apologize for being rude to you.
56. To suggest (+ that) + S (+should) + Vo ( Gợi ý ai làm gì )
I suggested she (should) buy this house.
57. To suggest doing something (Gợi ý làm gì)
I suggested going for a walk.
58. Try to do (Cố gắng làm gì )
We tried to learn hard.
59. Try doing something (Thử làm gì)
We tried cooking this food.
60. To need to do something (Cần làm gì)
You need to work harder.

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61. To need doing = need to be V3/ed (Cần được làm)
This car needs repairing = This car needs to be repaired.
62. To remember doing (Nhớ đã làm gì)
I remember seeing this film.
63. To remember to do (Nhớ làm gì) (=> việc này chưa làm)
Remember to do your homework.
64. To be busy doing something (Bận rộn làm gì)
We are busy preparing for our exam.
65. To mind doing something (Phiền làm gì)
Do/Would you mind closing the door for me?
66. To stop to do something (Dừng lại để làm gì)
We stopped to buy some petrol.
67. To stop doing something (Thôi không làm gì nữa)
We stopped going out late.
68. Let someone do something (Để ai làm gì)
Let him come in.
69. Be about to do something (Chuẩn bị làm gì/định làm gì/sắp làm gì)
We're about to start.

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