Tải bản đầy đủ

Special notes for m a

Special notes for M.A entry-test
I. Structures:
1. Causative form
a. Have/has/had + sb + do sth= My father has the repairman
fix his laptop.
= have/has/had + sth + done (v3)= My father has his laptop
fixed by the repairman.
b. Get/gets/got + sb + to do sth= My father gets the
repairman to fix his laptop.
c. = get/gets/got + sth + done (v3)= My father gets his laptop
fixed by the repairman.
2. Make/have/let/suggest + sb/sth + do sth
He makes him do this project.
I have my teacher correct my mistakes.
She lets me stay here tonight.
My director suggests (that) she go to work on time.
# verb + sb / sth + to do...
3. Of + TWOs + the er / more .. (d) / Of + THREEs..+ the
est / most ... = (d)
= Of these two girls, she is the better / more beautiful.



= Of the 4 cars you bought yesterday, this is the fastest/most
expensive.
4. Inversion
1/ No sooner had + sub + V3 than + sub + V2
No sooner had I arrived home than my boss called me.
2/ Hardly had + sub + V3 when + sub + V2
Hardly had I just thought about him when he came.
3/ Scarcely had + sub + V3 when + sub + V2
Scarcely had I just gone to bed when he called me.
# further notes on transformation 29
5. If clauses (1;2;3;4;5)
6. Reported speech.
7. Subjunctives
It is necessary that he go to work on time.
8. Present participle (verb-ing) & past participle (V3)
The people who are carrying out this project have an
important meeting today.
= The people (who are) carrying out this project have an
important meeting today.
This is an important project which is carried out in my
company.
= This is an important project (which is) carried out at my
company.


9. Wish (present – V2) & (simple past – had + V3)
I can join the picnic tomorrow = I wish I could join...
I did not study hard in high school= I wish I had studied...
10.
Unless
If our sales don’t improve soon, we have to cut down work
force.
= Unless sales improve soon, we have to cut down work force.
11.
It takes / took + sb + how long + to do sth
It takes me 1 hour to finish this report.
12.
It’s + adj + (for sb) to do sth.
It’s hard to be on time = to be on time is hard.
13.
Would rather + do
14.
Would prefer + to do
15.
Prefer + doing / noun + to + doing / noun
16.
Had better = should = ought to + do
17.
Neither...nor; either..or; not only..but (also) +
“singular or plural verb”; both..and + plural verb
18.
Although / though / even though + clause +, +
clause
= Although/though/even though he is rich, he is not happy.
In spite of / despite + gerund + , + clause.
Despite / in spite of + Noun phrase + , + clause.
= Despite / in spite of being rich, he is not happy.
= despite / in spite of his wealth, he is not happy.
19.
Used to + do; be/get used to + doing
= I used to go to school by bicycle, but now I’m used to going
to school by motorcycle.


20.
The first; the last; the ....est; the most .. + to do...
21.
Order of adjectives: Determiner (this/her/one..);
Ordinal Adjective (first, second..); Cardinal Adjective
(two, four..); Quality (nice, good..), Size(small, large..),
Age(old, new..), Length /shape(rounded, square..);
Color(black, white..); Nationality(American, Chinese..);
Material(wooden, steel..) + Noun (person, table..)
Ex: These are her first two beautiful tiny new flat black
Japanese wooden chairs.
II.
Co-couples
22.
A number of + Ns + plural verb = a number of
employees are/do...
The number of + Ns + singular verb = the number of
employees is/does... (often chosen in writing section)
23.
Although/though/even though vs. despite/in spite of
24.
Affect (v) vs. effect(n)
25.
Do vs. Make
26.
Like vs. Alike
27.
Arrive – shipment
28.
Within (future) vs. For + period of time
29.
Of + number vs. about + number = Of; of about; about
The profit of FPT is of 2billion.
30.
At 8am; On Monday; In March; In 1999..


31.
Cut off (source..) vs. cut down (people, investment..)
32.
No + noun vs. Not + adj, adv, gerund, to....


33.
Within vs. for + period of time (2 days, weeks,
months...)
34.
Service: subscribe, subscribed, subscription..
35.
Defect: refund, return, replacement..
36.
Further, farther, far, furthermore, farly..
III.
Chosen answers!!!
37.
Premises
38.
Since: present perfect + since + simple past
(since=because)
39.
Takes effect + date; Effective + date
40.
Talk about vs. discuss
41.
Regarding; regardless of; regard, regarded..
42.
Information = sensitive; confidential; secret; in short;
in brief; for more/further information..
43.
Aim to do / aim at doing
44.
Spend time/money doing sth - on sth
45.
Non-count nouns often tested: Luggage, baggage,
furniture, news, mail, information, bread...
46.
Special Nouns: the Philippines, the U.S, the United
Nations, the Netherlands, politics, economics, physics,
mathematics (1)...
47.
one of the; some of the, all of the, most of the.. + Ns
48.
Connectives: so, also, therefore, however, thus,
consequently, nevertheless, as a result, besides, moreover,
furthermore, next, yet...


49.
Prepositions in reported speech: thanks to; thank for;
accuse of; congratulate on; threaten to; apologize for; look
forward to = can’t wait to...
50.
(that) often chosen!!!
To be updated..!!!



Tài liệu bạn tìm kiếm đã sẵn sàng tải về

Tải bản đầy đủ ngay

×

×