Popular gerunds and infinitives for toeic, toefl, ielts and other English tests! Shoot and forget
I anticipate a/ going b/ to go c/ being gone d/ gone
What are the functions of “gerunds”?
The gerunds always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb), so it can be
1. as the Subject of the sentence.
Hunting elephants is dangerous.
2. as the Complement of the verb “to be”.
One of his duties is attending meetings.
3. as the Object of Verb.
I don’t like being scolded in front of people.
4. after Prepositions: at, on, in, of, about, with, for, from, to, into, out, out of….
She is good at painting.
5. as the appositive.
Our first job, painting the fence, took all morning.
6. after a number of “phrasal verbs” which are composed of a “Verb + Preposition / Adverb”.
When are you going to give up smoking?
Notice that there are some phrasal verbs and other expressions that include the word “to” as a
preposition, not as part of a to-infinitive: “to be accustomed to, to be used to”.
7. in compound nouns.
a driving lesson, a swimming pool, bird-watching…
8. after the expressions: can’t help, can’t stand, it’s no use / good, object to, look forward to,
and the adjective “worth”.
I can’t stand being stuck in traffic jams.
It’s no use to / good trying to escape
“Gerunds often tested”: Noun / verb-ing
Admit: he admits hitting me
Advice / advise
Keep - talking!
Need * verbing (passive) to (active)
This tv needs fixing. I need to fix this tv
Prevent sb from doing sth
Spend - I spend 3 days doing nothing
Both: verb-ing / to do
Like* would like to / feel like verbing
I prefer to go (going) to the cinema than to go (going) swimming
I prefer HCMC to HN
I stop smoking / I stop to smoke
Don’t forget to lock the door! I forgot ……, and the thief broke into my house
I forgot to lock the door and I need to return home now!
I forgot meeting her at the airport yesterday
I forgot locking the door and I was punished by my father!
Remember* I remember meeting you last week
Remember to call me tonight!
I remembered meeting/to meet you somewhere
I try breaking this iron
I try to break this iron
used to + verb = (past habit)
When I was young, I used to go to school by bicycle.
be used to = get used to + verb-ing = (present habit)
Now, I get / am used to going to school by motorcycle.
Present subjunctives! Often tested!!!
It is important that he (a/ going, b/ go, c/ went, d/ gone) there yesterday
Advice (advise), ask, command, decree, demand, insist, propose, order, require, request,
recommend, suggest, urge; important, necessary, imperative, urgent, recommended…
I recommended “that” he take me there on time
It is important “that” she come home on time
I asked john “that” he go to school on time
It is suggested “that” you be there on time.