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HƯỚNG DẪN MỘT SỐ KỸ NĂNG VIẾT LUẬN
TRONG ĐỀ THI THPT QUỐC GIA MÔN TIẾNG ANH
MoonTV môn Tiếng Anh ngày 22/3/2015 – XEM TRÊN YOUTUBE

1. 50 CHỦ ĐỀ LUẬN THƯỜNG GẶP
Các chủ đề thường gặp cho đoạn văn thường có các yếu tố Creative, Personal or Reflective
A. Yourself:
1. what you like/ dislike the most/ your favourite sport/ food/music/book/pet/ entertainment
2. daily activities
3. your best friend/ teacher/your parents
4. your favourite subject at school
5. An important person
6. a funny story/embarassing thing/memorable events (the hardest thing you’ve done)/ a challenge
7. a place/country to visit
8 . your future career/plans/ what university you want to study in

9. your neighbours
10. what is a happy life/ qualities that lead to success
11. live in a big city or countryside
12. your prediction for the world in 2050
Eg: A present that you like
What, if anything, do you like to spend your money on, and why?
What is a very important skill a person should learn?
B. Things around that matters you:
13. The use of internet/mobile phones/TV/video games/ public transport/technology/ travelling by
public transportation
14. The advantages/disadvantages of learning English
15. The importances of doing exercises
16. Why go to university?
17. What are the advantages & disadvantages of learning English on the - Internet compared with
learning English in a class?
18. What are the advantages & disadvantages of living and working in a foreign country compared
with living and working in your own country?
19. Advantages and disadvantages of fast food
20. The advantages and disadvantages of examinations
21. What causes pollution? The effects of pollution
22. Are parents best teachers?
23. Methods of learning
24. Students should spend much more time on history and literature than on science and
mathematics.
25. Should high school students wear uniforms?
C. Arguments and Discussions
26. Is homework harmful or helpful?
27. Is competition good?
28. Are there benefits to attending a single-sex school
29. Social Networks make a better connected society
30. Violent Sports/Movies should be banned on TV/ Violent movies increase violence in teens
31. We should preserve old buildings as architectural monuments
32. Music can relieve moral and physical pain

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33. College education is not enough/ Are books more important than experience/ Social life is more
important than academics
34. Gap year between school and college improves career prospects
35. Schools should place more emphasis on sports than in academics
36. Is Facebook a great invention?
37. Importance of alternative sources of energy.
38. Education and its importance in the developing of a country.
39. Destruction of forests as a crime against the planet.
40. Sex education in schools: should it be halted or increased?
41. After leaving school or university, young people should choose a job or career that they love,
rather than one that pays the best salary.
42. What would you change about your hometown. (imagination)
43. Should teenagers work while they are students?
44. Does human harmed the Earth or make it a better place to live?
45. Should one judge a person by external appearances?
46. Are classmates a more important influence to a child than parents
47. Does grades encourage students to learn?
48. What new product would you develop? (imagination)
49. Why and How should a natural resource be saved?
50. How is your generation different from your parents`

2. CÁCH VIẾT MỘT BÀI LUẬN HAY - TỪ CHUYỂN TIẾP
Một bài luận hay được chấm dựa trên 5 tiêu chí:
(1) Your essay must effectively discuss the topic you have been asked to address.
(2) Your essay must be well organized.
(3) Coherence and Cohesion
(4) Grammar and A wide range of vocabulary
(5) Creative Ideas
Cấu trúc ESSAY 4-5 ĐOẠN – PARAGRAPH chỉ có 1 đoạn duy nhất.
I. Introduction
A. Hook (to capture your reader's attention)
B. General information on assigned topic (no details)
C. Thesis (one-sentence statement of main idea plus viewpoint)
II. Body
A. Sub-Point One
1.Topic sentence
2. Details supporting topic sentence
B. Sub-Point Two
1. Topic sentence
2. Details supporting topic sentence
C. (Possible) Sub-Point Three
1. Topic sentence
2. Details supporting topic sentence
III. Conclusion
A. Paraphrase of thesis
B. Summary of viewpoint
C. General final statement/comment

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PARAGRAPH

Homework: compulsory or not?
We shouldn't have homework. It takes away from family time. You have to do your homework instead of
playing a family board game or playing catch. You can't go outside to play so you will get fat. If you bring
it home you will rush through it so you can play video games. We should do our work at school because we
have better equipment there. We should also do it at school because we can't ask our teacher questions
when we do it at home. It's hard to concentrate when you could be outside playing on a sunny day. So I
think homework should not be compulsory.
(108 words)
In my opinion, homework is beneficial to students in many ways. Firstly, homework is an extension of the
classroom, which allows a student to continue learning and to cement the things they learn within.
Homework promotes understanding to information that students might have found confusing. Without it,
students would only see materials once and therefore, not truly learn it. In addition, doing homework may
keep them occupied, preventing them from freedom or giving them less time to indulge in video games.
Last but not least, while struggling with homework without the help of teachers or parents, students learn
how to work independently and to overcome themselves. They also get a chance to better their skills such
as critical thinking or time management. For all the reasons above, I would say homework should be
compulsory.
(134 words)
Để tạo nên tính logic thì bài luận cần phải có trật tự. Các trật tự thường gặp là:





Ordering by Time (Chronological Order)
Ordering by Space (Spatial Order)
Ordering by Groups or Types (Classification and Comparison)
Order of Importance (Emphatic or Climactic Order)

Phân tích ví dụ:

Advantages and disadvantages of mobile phones

In recent years, the world has witnessed a booming number of mobile phones. They are dramatically
changing the way people contact to each other. It is apparent that mobile phones has had a profound
influence on personal lives. However, not all the effects of them have been positive.

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To begin with, using mobile phones is one of popular methods for people to communicate, relax and do
business. By using call or video phone, text message, we are able to keep in touch together despite a long
distance. These days, with the significant developement of cell phones, they enable users to entertain such
as surfing the internet, sending photos or downloading videos and games. According to a research, the
number of people accessing the web through mobile phones is now accounting for well over 15% of
worldwide internet usage. Furthermore, some Office applications for mobile phones, for example,
Miccrosoft Office are helping employees do their business more effectively.
Although it is true that people are now getting a number of advantages from mobiles, these
communication technologies also have several negative impacts. Firstly, using cell phones too much will
probably be harmful for human's health as it can increase the risk of brain cancer. In addition, children
are spending a lot of their free time on using mobiles with the purpose of chatting or playing games. This is
time consuming and affect negatively on their studies. Lacking of face-to-face communication is also the
result of using mobiles. Instead of going out or dating, many people prefer to stay at home and use their
cell phones to connect to others.
In general, mobile phones have both pros and cons to our society. They make the people's lives and
works become more convinient. Yet, mobile phones still impact badly on health, time and communication
of individuals. To advoid these problems, each person should manage the time of using mobiles
reasonably. Besides, the awareness of people about the disadvantages of mobile phones should be
improved.
(Tìm cách chuyển toàn bộ ESSAY nói trên về PARAGRAPH)
Cần sử dụng các từ chuyển tiếp transition:
also, too, besides, in addition, furthermore, moreover
however, but, on the other hand, conversely, yet, though, in contrast, nevertheless
for example, such as, e.g., to illustrate, for instance
that is, in other words,
in fact, indeed, certainly, clearly, of course
generally speaking, in general, overall, for the most part, usually, typically, in conclusion, in summary, to
sum up
therefore, thus, consequently, as a result, as a consequence
first, second, next, then, finally, lastly

3. CÁC NGUỒN BÀI LUẬN ĐỂ THAM KHẢO
http://www.mediafire.com/view/g75ady101g435ln/963_bai_essays_mau.pdf
http://www.mediafire.com/view/rz264hrjdt4buct/136bailuanmauhaynhat.pdf

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