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HISTORY OF THE USA_Slide PowerPoint


GROUP 2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

LÊ THỊ CẨM TÚ
NGUYỄN THỊ TƯỜNG VI
NGUYỄN THỊ THÚY NGA
PHAN THỊ MAI
NGUYỄN TRƯƠNG NHÃ UYÊN



I. AMERICA BEFORE INDEPENDENCE

1. PRE-COLONIAL AMERICA
2. COLONIAL OF AMERICA



I. AMERICA BEFORE INDEPENDENCE
1. PRE-COLONIAL AMERICA
Cultural areas of pre-Colonial
North America
The population between 50 and
100 million people, of which about
10 million lived in North America.

America was not a vacant
wasteland awaiting the arrival
of “civilized Europeans”


I. AMERICA BEFORE INDEPENDENCE
1. PRE-COLONIAL AMERICA


I. AMERICA BEFORE INDEPENDENCE
1. PRE-COLONIAL AMERICA
There is a rich environment based on the vast stock of fish, especially salmon and
abundant edible of plant.

The large fish
annually make their
way upstream to
spawn


I. AMERICA BEFORE INDEPENDENCE
1. PRE-COLONIAL AMERICA

- People in here speak language as
Siouan, Algonquian, and Iroquoian.

GREAT
LAKES

- Relying on agriculture, fishing,
hunting, and trapping.
=> People of the Eastern Woodlands
built stable villages


I. AMERICA BEFORE INDEPENDENCE
1. PRE-COLONIAL AMERICA
- They lived in birch-covered wigwams or in rectangular longhouses.
- They also use light birchbark canoes to communicate with other tribes.

Birch-covered wigwams

Rectangular longhouses


I. AMERICA BEFORE INDEPENDENCE
2. COLONIAL AMERICA
- In 1492, Columbus discovered the “New World”- America


I. AMERICA BEFORE INDEPENDENCE
2. COLONIAL AMERICA

- In the early of 16th century, European started colonizing America.
- In the late 16th century, England, France, Spain,… launched major colonization programs
in eastern North America.

Colonization of North Americas
in 1700


I. AMERICA BEFORE INDEPENDENCE
2. COLONIAL AMERICA
- The first English settlers in America came to work for private companies such as
Virginia Company
- The first colonist consisted mainly the landless, the unemployed and those in search of
religious freedom.
- The most famous of these settlers were the “Pilgrim Fathers”.
- The colonist failed to recognize the existing civilizations of America and regarded the
native as “barbarians”


I. AMERICA BEFORE INDEPENDENCE
2. COLONIAL AMERICA

- In New World, tobacco provided a valuable cash crop.
- By the early 1700s enslaved Africans made up a growing percentage of the colonial
population.
- Government protects their interests in their colonies by restricting trade with any
other countries and by applying taxes and laws
- Colonies had one main purpose: to enrich the 'mother country’ by the triangular
trade routes.


I. AMERICA BEFORE INDEPENDENCE
2. COLONIAL AMERICA

- The process of colonialism brought new diseases to America.
Population of Native Americans falling from 80 million to under 1 million in less than
500 years.
- The Native American Indians and the Europeans were
literally from different worlds - neither understanding the
culture of the other.
The beliefs, customs, languages, behavior and way of
life of the Native Americans were totally undermined
and were gradually eroded.
- The massive influx of European colonists led to
increased conflict and war between the Europeans and
the Native American Indians.


1

When did Columbus discover the “New World” ?

A

1942

C

1492

B

1493

D

1500


2

What is the special fish of Pacific Northwest ?

A

Tuna-fish

C

Shark

B

Salmon

D

Goby



AMERICAN
INDEPENDENCE
th

- By the end of the 18 century, the whole of the eastern
coast of north America had been colonized, largely by the
British
- Some important events happened in the American Independence


The Boston Tea
Party (16
December 1773)


The colonists'
first meeting
in Philadelphia
( September
1774)


The
Declaration of
Independence
(4 July 1776)



- The American War of Independence lasted over six
years
- The French entered the war, after the American
victory in the battle of Saratoga in October 1777

The Battle of Saratoga
( October 1777)


The Battle of Yorktown ( October 1781)


19TH – CENTURY EXPANSION
- The American Revolution was achieved by the ‘original 13
states’ on the eastern seaboard
**Some of this land was acquired by treaty, such as Florida
Some by purchase, such as Louisiana
Some by war, such as Texas and California in the war of
1845 – 1847
-> By the end of the century, this form of continuous
colonizing or ‘pioneering’ had led to the settlement of the
entire united states from the east coast to the west


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