MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
HO CHI MINH NATIONAL
ACADEMY OF POLITICS
ACADEMY OF JOURNALISM AND COMMUNICATION
DAO THU HIEN
EDUCATING THE CONSCIOUSNESS OF
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION FOR STUDENTS
OF UNIVERSITIES IN HA NOI TODAY
: Politics, Ideological work
: 9 31 02 01
SUMMARY OF DOCTORAL THESIS ON POLITICS
HA NOI – 2019
Works completed at
ACADEMY OF JOURNALISM AND COMMUNICATION
Associate Professor Ph.D Pham Huy Ky
Academy of Journalism and Communication
Thesis is reported at Graduation Council of the Academy,
In Ha Noi Academy of Journalism and Communication
month date year 2018
Study on the thesis at National Library, Library of Academy of Journalism and
Communication – Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics
LIST OF PUBLISHED SCIENTIFIC WORKS
Dao Thu Hien (2019), Educating the awareness of environmental protection
for current students - Current situation and proposing some solutions,
Education Management Journal, ISSN 1859-2910, number of February 2019.
2. Dao Thu Hien (2018), Strengthening education of environmental conciousness
in order to actively respond to the current non-traditional security challenge in
our country, Scientific research topic at unniversity level, 26-KHCN /DHTL,
Water Resources University.
Dao Thu Hien (2017), Applying the principles of materialist dialectical
methodology in defining the method of dealing with situations of ideological
work when environmental hotspots arise, Journal of Political Theory and
Communication , ISSN 1859-1485, March 3-2017.
Dao Thu Hien (2017), Education of Environmental Consciousness with the
Assurance of Non-Traditional Security in Vietnam, Journal of Social Sciences
and Humanities, Hue University (Hue University Journal of Science: Social
Sciences and Humanity), ISSN 2588-1213, Vol. 126, No 6B (2017)
Dao Thu Hien (2017), Integrating the content of environmental awareness
education in the training of current officers, The Proceedings of the National
Scientific Conference "Training and fostering cadres in the current stage".
6. Dao Thu Hien (2017), Meaning of handling environmental hotspots in the
Party's ideological work, Proceedings of Annual Scientific Conference, Water
Resources University, November 2017
7. Dao Thu Hien (2015), Strengthen political enthusiasm for political lecturers in
the current situation, Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Science,
ISSN1859-30941, No 49 (6/2015).
8. Dao Thu Hien (2014), Some Measures to Improve Legal Awareness for Young
Students in the Current Period, Journal of Education, ISSN 21896 0866 7476,
Dao Thu Hien (2014), The continuation of the good ethical traditions of the
nation in the current ethical sense of Vietnamese students, Journal of Political
Reasoning and Communication, ISSN 1859-1485, No. May 5-14.
1. Urgency of research topic
Thought education is an important component of ideological work. In each period of
the nation, the practice poses the requirements and tasks of ideological education with
specific characteristics, the educational content has changed to suit the conditions of social
development. The renovation process to develop the country now requires the content of
ideological education very rich, including the educational content about consciousness of
environmental protection (CEP) - an issue both current and urgent not only in Vietnam but
also in the world.
Currently, environmental pollution and climate change are becoming a great
challenge for all mankind in general and Vietnam in particular. Climate change seriously
affects every aspect of human life; comprehensively changing the global development and
security process such as food security, water security, energy security, ...; affecting social,
cultural, diplomatic and commercial safety issues in countries. Vietnam is identified by
IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) as one of five countries that are and
will be most affected by climate change. The gloomy picture of ecological environment in
our country as well as in the world recently reflects the lack of responsibility for nature. In
order to formulate and develop CEP, we need to improve education on consciousness of
environmental protection (ECEP). This is considered an important and long-term political
task; need the right and consistent orientation of the Party and the State and the whole of
society. However, during the past long time, the propaganda to raise awareness and
adjusting behavior, the attitude of human behavior in the process of exploiting and using
natural resources has not been given adequate attention.
ECEP for all classes of people, especially education for the younger
generation on this issue has great significance. The young generation,
including young students, is a social unit that is always interested in
training and retraining by our Party in order to promote the role of youths
on all fronts in construction and security national defense. ECEP for
students in universities has important implications not only for the
comprehensive education of the new generation, but also can spread the
meaning of education to the whole society in responding to climate
change and protecting natural resources.
Hanoi is an economic, political and cultural center of the country, but is facing many
serious challenges due to environmental pollution. In the face of pressing requirements of
practice, the education and training work of schools in general and universities in Hanoi in
particular need to have more innovations, focusing on ECEP in order to form positive
human generations who know how to live responsibly to the environment.
ECEP for students in Hanoi in recent years has been initially interested in and achieved
certain results. However, CEP of the students still have many limitations, clearly reflecting
the fact that ECEP for students in Hanoi currently has many shortcomings. The process of
ECEP for students faces many difficulties, so the effectiveness of the education and training
is not high. Regardless, no matter what, ECEP cannot be delayed in the current context.
Research on ECEP for students in Hanoi in particular and across the country in general is
very important for finding solutions to overcome all difficulties to improve efficiency.
ECEP for our students, contributing to building an active social force in the field of
environmental protection, actively responding to climate change.
There are very few in-depth studies on ECEP for students. Especially ECEP for
students in Hanoi according to the approach of ideological science, many contents need to
be studied seriously and comprehensively in both theory and practice. see, to further clarify
the position and role of ECEP for students in the current ideological work. Therefore, the
author chose the issue of "Educating the consciousness of environmental protection for
students of universities in Hanoi today" as the research topic of the thesis.
2. Purposes, research tasks
The research thesis clarifies the theoretical basis of ECEP for undergraduate students.
Based on that, to study and evaluate the current situation of CEP and current status of ECEP
for students in Hanoi. At the same time, to propose some orientations and solutions to
enhance the ECEP for students has responded to the demands of the Vietnamese people in
the modern age.
2.2. Research tasks
In order to achieve the above-mentioned purpose, the dissertation author needs to
perform the following tasks:
+ An overview of published scientific works at home and abroad related to research
+ To systematize and analyze some theoretical issues on ECEP for students, the
importance of theECEP for students in the context of current climate change.
+ Studying and analyzing the current status and causes of the current status of ECEP
for students and teachers of students in universities in HaNoi (survey of 6 representative
universities in Hanoi)
+ Propose some orientations and solutions to enhance the ECEP for students in our
3. Subjects and scope of research
- Research subjects
The thesis focuses on researching the current situation of the ECEP for students of
universities in Hanoi.
- Research scope
+ The research scope of the dissertation is limited to the following contents: ECEP for
students of universities in Hanoi.
+ Participants in the survey: Officials and regular students of 6 representative
universities in Hanoi (Water resources University, Academy of Education management,
Financial Academy, Military Technical Academy, Academy of Journalism and
Communication, University of Business and Technology Ha Noi). These are the universities
representing the training disciplines: engineering, economics, management science, social
sciences, humanities and military; It also represents the public and non-public sectors.
civilian divisions and armed forces.
+ In terms of time, the data used in the dissertation surveyed from the school year
2013-2014 to present. The time of the survey from the time the thesis began was
implemented to obtain updated data. In addition, the thesis also uses additional materials
collected in the last 10 years from 2008 to 2018 to universities.
4. Rationale, practice and research methodology
The theoretical basis of the thesis is the theory of Marxism-Leninism, Ho Chi Minh's
thought, the Party's views, the State's policies and laws on ideological education for students
mobilize youth students and environmental education for students.
At the same time, the dissertation is also based on research results of domestic and
foreign scientific works on environmental education and education for raising awareness as
well as skills for human participation in protecting natural resources , actively respond to
4.2. Practical basis
The practical basis of the dissertation is the current situation of ECEP for students in
universities in Hanoi now through the data of universities, data of the Hanoi Party
Committee, data of the Youth Union Hanoi, Hanoi Student Association, sociological survey
data of the author; The reports summarizing the educational activities of environmental
protection consciousness for students in universities in the area of Hanoi today.
4.3. Research methodology
Methodology: The thesis is based on the methodology of dialectical materialism and
Specific research methods: The thesis uses historical - logical methods, analysis and
synthesis, statistics, document research, social investigation methods, expert interview
5. New contributions of the thesis
Firstly, in the process of analyzing the theoretical issues of ECEP for students under
the perspective of science and thought, the thesis has focused on clarifying the basic
concepts (EC, EEC), the structure of CEP, ECEP. At the same time, the thesis points out the
necessity of ECEP for students in the context of current climate change.
Secondly, on the basis of surveying the status of ECEP and training for students of
universities in Hanoi, the thesis assesses the achievements and limitations of the educational
process, thereby generalizing the issues raised with ECEP for students in the current period.
Thirdly, the thesis proposes four orientations of activities of ECEP for students and the
scientific explanation of the five groups of solutions feasible to improve the effectiveness
of ECEP for students of universities in Hanoi today.
6. Theoretical and practical meanings of the thesis
The research results of the thesis contribute to providing a scientific basis, developing
a theoretical framework of structure of ECEP for university students, orienting the process
of ECEP with continuity from high school. to college. Since then, the dissertation can serve
as reference materials for research and teaching at institutes, universities and colleges
throughout the country.
In addition, the thesis has a meaning to contribute to the development of orientation,
policies, programs of education, propaganda, and building training content to raise
awareness and form the positive in practical activities of students with the task of protecting
environment, actively responding to climate change.
7. Structure of the thesis
The dissertation includes: 4 chapters (12 periods), conclusions, list of research works
of the author, list of references and appendices.
1.1. Studies on ideological education and ideological education for youth and
1.1.1. Studies on education and ideological education
Thought work has a particularly important position in the Party's activities. The book
"About the work of thought" - Ho Chi Minh, Publisher of Truth in 1985, gathered his
speeches and articles, is an example of the theory and method of Marxist-Leninist thought.
fluently, suitable in Vietnam. The book "Collection of Dao Duy Tung" consists of 3
volumes, National Political Publishing House 2001 is a project reflecting many great
contributions of Mr. Dao Duy Tung in the field of politics, ideology, with a system of
valuable perspectives. treatment orientation for thought. "Theoretical foundations of the
Communist Party of Vietnam" (monograph) by Luong Khac Hieu, Political Theory
Publishing House, 2017, provides an important theoretical basis for research thesis.
In the period of national renewal, many research projects confirmed that the task of
renovation of ideological work to suit the objective reality. A report like the study by Pham
Tat Thang, the editor of the book "Innovating ideological and theoretical work for the cause
of national construction and defense" by Publishing House. National Politics - Truth in
2010; Tran Trong Tan (2005), About ideological work - Culture, Publisher. National
politics; Tran Thi Anh Dao (2009), Thoughtful work in the cause of national
industrialization and modernization, Publishing House. National politics; Pham Huy Ky
(2009), "Types of propaganda and standards for evaluating the effectiveness of different
types of propaganda", Journal of Political Theory and Communication, (10); Pham Huy Ky
(2010), "The ideological work in our country before the new requirement, the journal
Political and traditional theory”, (4).
1.1.2. Studies on ideological education for young people, students
Education is a special activity that plays an important role in the development of
human society. The book "Ho Chi Minh's thought about education" collected by Dao Thanh
Hai and Minh Tien, Labor Publishing House in 2005, brings together all the talks, articles,
letters of Ho Chi Minh to teachers. education, students, students, expressing a lucid vision
of him about educational work. If "Education" by Pham Viet Vuong author, National
University Publishing House generalized general issues of the teacher. education and
consideration of education as a science of human education.
Thought education is an integral part of ideological work. The book "The theoretical
basis of the Communist Party of Vietnam" by Luong Khac Hieu (2017) and the book
"Theoretical foundations of work thought” by Pham Huy Ky (2016) highlighted the
important position, basic content, ideological elements of ideological education. The
ideological education in the ideological work of the Communist Party of Vietnam is to
educate the socialist ideology, to make the ideology of the working class dominate in the
social spiritual life, to promote positivity. politics - society.
Youth work with the task of "Fostering the revolutionary generation for the next life is
very important", which has great significance for the revolutionary cause of the Party and
the whole nation. In the book "Kark Marx, Friederich Engels, Vladimir Ilish Lenin
discussing education", Education Publishing House, 1984, collected by the author Ha The
Ngu, Bui Duc Thiep, synthesized the views of the Classicists Mark about education and
promote the strength of youth and students. The book "Understanding Ho Chi Minh's
Thought about Youth Campaign" by Van Tung, Youth Publishing House in 2000 is a
research project that clearly shows the position and role of youth work. The author affirmed:
Ho Chi Minh's thought about mobilizing young people will forever be the torch to guide the
youth and youth movement with profound revolutionary and scientific points to be applied
through the Different revolutionary periods. The author Vu Mao is a researcher on youth
work, there are many valuable works oriented for this activity such as: "About the current
youth education", Publishing House of Truth, 1984; "Youth with career to protect
Fatherland security", Publishing House of Public Security, 1984; "Improving the
effectiveness of youth work", Youth Publishing House, 1984.
1.2. Studies on the environment and the consciousness of environmental
1.2.1. Studies on environment and environmental protection
220.127.116.11. Some foreign studies on environment and environmental protection
The UN conventions, international agreements and treaties since the end of the
twentieth century have clearly shown the interest of scientists and leaders of countries
around the world on the environmental crisis in the post-industrial stage. Many early
research projects in the 21st century clearly pointed out the current and future picture of
humanity associated with scenarios of sea level rise and climate change: Basic research of
the French Development Agency (AFD -Agence France Development) "AFD and climate
change, harmonization between development and climate" (2009) analyzed climate as the
common property of the world, financial instruments against climate change.
In addition, many studies by US, European and Asian authors discuss this issue:
Solutions for climate change challenges in the built environment / Ed: Colin A.Booth, Felix
N.Hammond, Jessica E.Lamond , David G.Proverbs. - Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012;
Museum & cultural heritage facing weather change: International conference, 2013, H:
Social science publish; The handbook of global climate and environment policy / Ed .:
Robert Falkner- Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2013; "Ancounting for health of climate
change" - Mandaluyong City: Asia Development Bank.
18.104.22.168. Some domestic research on the environment and environmental protection
a) Studies on the environment and the impact of environmental degradation and
climate change on Vietnamese people's social life
People, society and nature always have a dialectical unified relationship with each
other and are subject to certain common laws of the physical world. Based on the awareness
of scientific materialism, author Do Thi Ngoc Lan in the book "Natural environment in
human life activities" (2013); author Tran Le Bao editor of the book "Ecological culture humanities" (2001); Le Thanh Van in the book "People and the environment" (2012)
analyzed the role of environment with human life and the ability of human impact to nature.
Many studies have generalized and explained about pollution and climate change; reality,
causes and effects of pollution, climate change in the modern period. Typically: "A number
of issues on pollution and land degradation in Vietnam today" by Nguyen Quoc Hung
(2010); Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (2012), Climate change scenarios,
sea level rise for Vietnam, ...
b) Studies on environmental protection in Vietnam
Environmental protection, proactive response to climate change are the responsibility
of all countries and all citizens around the world. Vietnam is well aware of the task of
protecting the environment, first of all, it must raise environmental protection for people.
Many research projects have been implemented, such as: the basic survey project of Vu
Dung in collaboration with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment and the
Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences to implement "Evaluation of religion environmental
virtue in our country today” (2010); book "Proactively responding to climate change,
promoting the protection of environmental resources. Some theoretical and practical issues”
of the Scientific Council of Central Party agencies (2013); "Environmental ethics" by author
Nguyen Duc Khiem, Nguyen Kim Hoang (2011); "Improving the effectiveness of state
management on the environment" Nguyen Thi Thom, An Nhu Hai (2011).
1.2.2. Studies on consciousness of environmental protection
22.214.171.124. Some foreign studies on the consciousness of environmental protection
The first study on ethical ethics, from the 60s of the twentieth century, helps us
understand certain content about YTBVMT such as: "The Land of Ethics" in A sand County
Almanac, by Aldo Leopold, New York. At the end of the twentieth century and the
beginning of the twenty-first century, studies of environmental morality in the world were
popular and quite developed. The basic theoretical issues of environmental morality have
been pointed out. Typical research: The animal rights, environmental ethics debate: The
environmental perspective / Eugene C. Hargrove. - New York: State university of New
York, 1992. Recent research works, when addressing the issue of environmental ethics, are
linked to the reality of climate change. Author Peter S.Wenz, a researcher from the
University of Illinois (USA) published the book: "Environmental Ethics Today", 2001.
Joshua W.Busby, University of Texas - Austin (2009)
126.96.36.199. Some domestic research on consciousness of environmental protection
a) The consciousness of environmental protection is approached through
environmental ethics research
Some big projects and researches on ethical ethics not only highlight the situation and
causes of current environmental issues, but also emphasize people's awareness, attitudes and
behaviors to environmental issues: The first ministerial-level research project on ethical
ethics in our country is "Environmental Ethics - A number of theoretical issues and world
experiences", the project leader Nguyen Van Phuc carried out in 2 years from 2009 to 2010;
The basic survey project "Evaluation of environmental ethics in our country today" by
project leader Vu Dung, Ministry of Natural Resources and MT assigned to Vietnam
Academy of Social Sciences for 2 years 2009-2010; "Ecological Ethics and Ecological
Ethics Education" by author Vu Trong Dung in 2009; The researches on ethical ethics help
us see: the ethical ethics (or ecological ethics) is an area of social morality, increasingly
contribute to adding criteria to assess people's morality in modern society; have a unified
relationship with the CEP.
b) The consciousness of environmental protection is approached through the study of
human behavioral culture with nature
The cultural tradition of Vietnamese people is a tradition of "harmony with nature". In
the history of traditional culture of the Vietnamese people, through myths, legends, customs
and practices, we see the sense of human attachment to nature is quite bold. This content is
reflected in the study of the author Pham Thanh Nghi (editor) (2005), "Enhancing
community ecology consciousness for sustainable development goals"; Tran Le Bao (editor)
(2001), "Ecological culture - humanities"; Pham Van Boong (2002), "Ecological
Consciousness and Sustainable Development Issues";... Today, in Vietnam, ecological
culture is transformed. We need to build the value of "natural culture" in the period of
promoting industrialization and modernization of the country. According to the author Chu
Khac Thu - Nguyen Van Thu (editor), "Culture and lifestyle with the environment", although
science and technology developed rapidly, the nature and conditions for life and life living
human culture still needs nature, need ecological clean, stable and sustainable.
c) The sense of environmental protection is approached through the study of ecological
Before the requirements of ecological ecological protection, a number of research
projects in Vietnam have mentioned and analyzed the issue of ecological consciousness
quite deeply, thereby finding out the basic causes and solutions for the current ecological
environment. now on. Book "Ecological Culture - Humanities" by author Tran Le Bao Chu
(2001); The book "Ecological Consciousness and Sustainable Development" by Pham Van
Bo published in 2002. The commentaries of the scientists have become valuable guidelines
for the author to continue doing research. save the topic of the thesis
1.3. Studies on educating the consciousness of environmental protection and
educating the consciousness of environmental protection for students
1.3.1. Studies on educating the consciousness of environmental protection
188.8.131.52. The issue of educating the consciousness of environmental protection is
accessed through research on environmental moral education, ecological ethics education
Many researchers on MT ethics have affirmed: the issue of protecting life is the
responsibility of every person, every nation and all humanity, need to build a proper
standard system to regulate behavior, attitude of human behavior with nature, consider it as
a standard to assess people. Author Vu Trong Dung in the book "Ecological Ethics and
Ecological Ethics Education" on the basis of analyzing the current status of ecological
ethical education in our country today, setting out goals, directions, mission of ecological
ethical education. Study on "Enhancing community ecology awareness for sustainable
development", author Pham Thanh Nghi raised 7 groups of solutions to improve community
ecology awareness that the first solution group is: Education propaganda. In general,
research on environmental ethics education, ecological ethics education in our country is not
much. Therefore, access to health education and environmental education through studies of
environmental ethics education is still limited.
184.108.40.206. The issue of educating the consciousness of environmental protection is
accessed through the study of living environment education for the people
First of all, life education is done in high schools, combined with many subjects in
the high school program, aiming to improve the environmental protection. The process of
ECEP is a long and continuous process and must be started when people are in their infancy
until adulthood, so they are integrated into the age education program: preschool, primary
study and continue to high school levels.
The education of environment is not only done in schools but also regularly
propagated and popularized among the people. The book "Ask - answer about the work of
environmental protection at the grassroots level" by author Nguyen Quang and Le Thi
Ngan, "Training materials on trainers on climate change" by author Truong Quang Hoc and
the author group provided providing basic knowledge for grassroots cadres and people in
the field of natural resources and environment, biodiversity, climate change, ...
1.3.2. Studies on educating the consciousness of environmental protection for
The environmental education for university students does not only stop at the goal of
equipping basic knowledge of the environment but also need to improve deep and solid
theoretical knowledge, can help them become researchers in the future, on the other hand,
reinforces confidence and urges action with a high sense of responsibility and voluntary
self-sufficiency in a future generation of masters of the country for the sustainable
development of society. Students in some schools have learning materials such as:
"Environment and education on environmental protection: For universities - College of
pedagogy" (2011) by Le Van Khoa, Phan Van Kha, Phan Thi Lac, Nguyen Thi Minh
Phuong; Book "People - MT and environmental protection education: Textbooks for
students of pedagogical and pedagogical college" (2009) by Nguyen Van Hong, publisher.
Science and technology; In particular, students at a number of universities who study indepth majors have had access to materials and textbooks used in universities that provide
general knowledge to help them understand. causes and techniques of environmental
treatment as well as the ability to manage environment for their later professional
Although, the number of research projects on ECEP for students is very limited,
but it has been systematized in theory (concept, content, role, educational conditions) as the
foundation for development research on health education and health for university students
in Hanoi today.
1.4. Summary of research results and issues that need to be further researched on
educating the consciousness of environmental protection for students
1.4.1. Research results have been achieved
Firstly, the research works related to the topic have pointed out the position and role of
ideological work in the Party's activities, at the same time clarifying the necessity and the
requirement to reform private works thought in the new era. In order to successfully carry
out many important tasks, including the task of environmental protection , our Party always
emphasizes the role of the young generation, students.
Secondly, the studies analyze dialectical relationships between people and nature,
indicating that people are the main cause of pollution and environmental degradation and
climate change is more serious today. Environmental protection is extremely urgent. ECEP
to improve CEP for people is important in all environmental protection action programs.
Third, all practical activities of human beings are based on the influence of human
consciousness. CEP plays an important role in the orientation of environmental protection
activities to ensure sustainable social development. CEP has been approached at different
angles as a basis for interpreting the concept of CEP in thesis.
Fourthly, the research works show the role and importance of ECEP through different
approaches (the approach of philosophy, education, ethics). Besides, the research projects
always affirm the propaganda and ECEP for the people is the leading solution in the system
of environmental protection solutions.
Fifthly, ECEP for students is an important content in the current generation education,
when global degradation and climate change are becoming more and more unpredictable.
Although the role of ECEP for young students has been realized, education has been
implemented in practice with certain forms, but the results are not high. Current ECEP for
students are still limited. The research on ECEP for students, especially students in
universities in Hanoi in the perspective of approaching science and thought is still fuzzy.
1.4.2. Issues of the thesis need to continue research on education of environmental
protection awareness for students
Through the process of synthesizing and systematizing research groups at home and
abroad related to the topic, the thesis will inherit the achieved results, study the issues of
ECEP according to the scientific approach. ideological work, clarifying issues:
Firstly, the thesis needs to study the basic concepts, positions and roles of ECEP for
students according to the approach of science and thought. From that orientation, the thesis
needs to analyze the inner function, the structure of the basic concepts, and distinguish them
from concepts close to them to see the characteristics of the approach. The thesis confirms
the position of the CEP in the current ideological life.
Secondly, the dissertation analyzes the factors that impact on ECEP and survey the
status of ECEP for current students. With this orientation, research will clarify certain
characteristics of university students in Hanoi with environmental protection.
Thirdly, from the survey results, the dissertation assesses the advantages and
limitations of the status of ECEP and the causes of the situation, the problems posed in
ECEP for university students in Hanoi today.
Fourthly, the dissertation studies and proposes a number of views and solutions to
strengthen ECEP for university students in Hanoi today. Orientations and solutions are not
only suitable for educational objects but also in accordance with educational conditions, and
must be systematic and comprehensive.
Summary of study overview
Through the systematization of domestic and foreign research works related to the
issue of ECEP for students, ECEP students is a necessity. Objective in the context of
environmental degradation and climate change is increasingly serious. Although many
works have contributed to clarifying certain contents of theory and practice, there is still a
need for a systematic and in-depth study of the subject, clarified physically. Assess and
evaluate the current state of environmental protection education for students of universities
in Hanoi, then propose appropriate solutions to raise the CEP for students. Therefore, it is
necessary to have an in-depth analysis of ECEP for university students in Hanoi as the basis
for guiding the development of guidelines and policies in education. The young generation
of capital in front of the requirements of sustainable development in the future.
THEORETICAL ISSUES ON EDUCATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL
PROTECTION KNOWLEDGE FOR CURRENT UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
2.1. Consciousness of environmental protection and educating consciousness of
environmental protection for students
2.1.1. Environmental consciousness
220.127.116.11. Concepts of consciousness, environment, environmental protection and
environmental protection consciousness
- Human consciousness is a very wide category, the object of research of many
different sciences such as psychology, philosophy, law, literature, economics, art, ethics, ...
All psychological states, all forms of human activity are manifest and governed by
consciousness. Each area of research clarifies the characteristics of human mental
consciousness in different aspects. The structure of consciousness basically consists of:
Knowledge, affection, belief, value, will. The role of consciousness manifests when people
have positive needs, motives, goals, beliefs, ideals that form on the basis of proper
awareness of the world, creating spiritual motivation from within the urge willing will act
- Environment is the overall system of natural and artificial elements that play a
decisive role directly or affect people's lives, activities and development in certain historical
periods. Between environment and human social development there is a dialectical
relationship with each other. Environment is a geographical area that creates conditions for
human activities to take place and at the same time is subject to human impact.
- Environmental protection is the process of protecting and rational exploitation of
natural resources; prevent and overcome adverse impacts of environmental degradation;
preserving living standards to ensure human development.
- The CEP is a true reflection of environmental issues and the relationship between
people and people on the basis of scientific awareness, positve sentiments, strong beliefs
and will, behavior following a standard value system to realize the sustainable development
goals of people.
18.104.22.168. Structure of consciousness of environmental protection
The CEP is a part of human consciousness, has a complex structure, and also includes
many levels of reflection, depending on many factors and different conceptual approaches.
Based on the mode of existence, the CEP includes basic elements: knowledge of
environmental issues; affection for environment; belief in practical ability in environmental
protection; system of standard values of environment and will in action of environmental
2.1.2. Educating the consciousness of environmental protection for students
22.214.171.124. College students and student characteristics
- In Vietnam, students are students studying at colleges and universities of the national
education system. Students are young intellectuals who are a part of the progressive youth
in society, a social group with a special position that needs to be valued.
- The characteristics of psychology, level, age, ability, quality, social shows that
students are social parts that have many advantages and certain limitations, which deserve
to be concerned. appropriate mind and orientation to promote their role.
126.96.36.199. Education and educating the consciousness of environmental protection
education for students
Education is the process of impacting to shape the personality for the young generation
according to social purposes, this process is carried out by important paths: Education
through teaching; Education through organizing rich and diverse activities; Education
through group activities; Education through self-cultivation.
ECEP for students is the process of having the purpose of educating the subject with
content, methods, forms and means to equip scientific knowledge, emotional orientation,
build beliefs and willingness to protect environment, aiming at building an environmental
ECEP for students has differences compared to education for high school students and
other social sections. ECEP for students is different from general education. ECEP for
students has both in common and difference with worldview education, political and
ideological education, legal education, moral education, economic education, aesthetic
education in their work. thought.
2.2. Structure of educational activities of environmental protection consciousness
2.2.1. Subjects and objects of educating environmental protection consciousness for
188.8.131.52. The subject of educating environmental protection consciousness for students
The subject of ECEP for students consis of:
Firstly, the Party Committee, the School Board, the School Council, the Secretary of
the Party Committee at the universities and institutes are the subjects of leadership,
direction and management.
Secondly, the subject has the role of advising the school leaders in coordinating with
the units that have the task of directly implementing the ECEP for university students:
Leaders of the departments, faculties, lecturers, especially the staff of the units managing
the learning and activities of students in the universities such as the Department of Political
and Student Management; Cadres of the Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union and Student
Association; cadres dormitory management; Heads of student clubs, student groups.
Thirdly, the subject of ECEP is also the students themselves with the ability to selfeducate and self-train.
184.108.40.206. The object of educating the sense of environmental protection for students
The subjects of ECEP for students are university students. But apart from a specific
field of ECEP for students, it is the self-conscious life of students themselves on
environmental issues. The conscious life of students is subject to the impact of the ECEP
subject. The students' conscious life on environment includes awareness, emotions, beliefs,
standard values, willpower. It is reflected in their practical activities with environmental
protection. The educational process for students has a constant impact on the elements of
consciousness, in order to form CEP.
2.2.2. Purpose, content of educating the consciousness of environmental protection
220.127.116.11. Purpose of educating the consciousness of environmental protection for
The purpose of ECEP of students is to shape and develop the environmental
consciousness of this important social role. The goal of educating the sense of
environmental protection towards students is: from achieving the spiritual goal, it also
makes the student transform in practical action in the most positive and contribute not less
to environmental protection.
18.104.22.168. The content of educating the sense of environmental protection for students
First, students need to be educated in order to understand the ecosystem and
mechanisms of the ecosystem; the role and function of the environment.
Secondly, students need to be educated in order to be aware of the current situation of
environmental pollution in the development conditions of our country and the world today;
understand the underlying causes and consequences of environmental pollution, climate
Third, students need to be educated about the values that are relevant to the times of
Fourth, students need to grasp the guidelines and basic policies of the Party and State
law on environmental issues..
2.2.3. Forms and methods of educating the consciousness of environmental
protection for students
22.214.171.124. A form of educating the consciousness of environmental protection for
The first is ECEP for students in the form of classroom teaching. This form is
associated with the organization of specialized training classes and classes.
The second is ECEP for students in the form of organizing extracurricular activities
such as organizing annual seminars for students of universities, organizing shows,
competitions, visiting and field activities, Movie screening on MT science.
The third is the form of ECEP for students through collective activities such as
activities of volunteering activities, establishing student clubs for students with various
programs of action, establishing forums. exchanging students' environmental issues
(including popular forums on the internet, groups on social networks), cultural and arts
activities with the theme of camps, camps on the topic of environmental protection, parade,
painting, drawing on the theme of environmental protection, ... Associated with this form is
the use of media capable of widely affecting students such as panels, posters, slogans,
leaflets, brochures, radio and television news reports designed by a number of
126.96.36.199. Methods of educating the consciousness of environmental protection for
Based on the use of educational facilities, the methods of ECEP for students include:
First, verbal methods to influence students, including a monologue and method of
dialogue. Method of monologue (method of presentation, method of teaching, method of
preaching, ...). Dialogue method (question and answer method, group discussion method,
method of raising problems, methods of debate, ...)
Secondly, the visual method is the impact of the subject to the students through the use
of visual means such as an impressive means of creating images and sounds (movies,
paintings, panels, posters, songs, songs,...); printing facilities (books, newspapers,
magazines, leaflets, announcements,...); symbolic means (diagrams, statistics tables, figures,
Third, practical methods through voluntary student movement activities; Actual visits
to get access to production models in many localities, contact with different groups of
occupational objects in diverse working areas; practically observe and measure
environmental parameters; Summarizing advanced portrait study, ....
2.2.4. Means of educating the consciousness of environmental protection for
Means of environmental education for students divided into two groups:
- Direct impact means include visual vehicles (such as: uniform cap, emblem flag,
color, light, decorated bicycle to march to protect MT, ...)and words (persuasive words in
the teaching, attractive speeches of speakers, urging calls, ...)
- Indirect means of communication include technical means operating in small areas
(loudspeakers, projectors, recorders, video recorders, ...) and media (radio, television, social
networks, electronic newspapers, print media, etc.)
2.2.5. The effect of educating the consciousness of environmental protection for
Efficient ECEP for students if considered according to the field of impact, including:
mental efficiency and practical effectiveness. Spiritual efficiency is measured by changes in
student life (knowledge, emotions, beliefs, etc.). Practical effects must be achieved on the
basis of high spiritual efficiency, positive social motivation, motivation and self-discipline
that new students change their behaviors, habits and life style.
2.3. The need of educating environmental protection consciousness for students
2.3.1. Coming from the position and role of youth - students in the cause of national
construction and development
The great revolutionary career of the Party and our people is always associated with
the process of caring for the youth. In particular, the task of education for the young
generation and students has great significance, being a positive factor, creating a driving
force to strongly promote the social progress. The effectiveness of this work contributes to
many victories of ideological work, as well as fulfilling the great goals of the cause of
national construction and defense.
ECEP for young people and students as an ideological activity, therefore, is closely
linked to important political tasks and purposes. ECEP is a process to form and affirm
cultural qualities, good personality in students in relation to nature and also a process to
help students become aware and capable in fight with the tendencies to disseminate
propaganda about the environment. In fact, taking advantage of some environmental
uncertainties that have occurred in our country in recent years, reactionary subjects attacked
and propagated with many content of exaggeration, distorting, counteracting, counteracting.
culture, anti-culture to stimulate youth, cause confusion, fluctuation, reduce confidence
among young people and the whole people about the orientation, guidelines and policies of
the Party and State for environmental protection. Therefore, education and training for
students contributes positively to affirm the correctness and science of environmental
propaganda activities according to the Party's orientation. ECEP for students will have a
close relationship with other educational contents in ideological work, helping young
students not only have a high level of education, but also a strong political school,
responsibility to the community and the sustainable development of the future of humanity.
2.3.2. Coming from the important role of educating the consciousness of
environmental protection for students today
Firstly, ECEP for students contributes to building and perfecting the personality of
young intellectuals in the new era.
Secondly, ECEP for students is a method of adjusting specific behavior, contributing to
increase the effectiveness of implementing environmental protection laws.
Thirdly, ECEP for students contributes to create a foundation for implementing many
environmental protection solutions
Fourth, ECEP for students creates an important basis for promoting the process of
ecological production as the foundation for sustainable development.
Fifth, ECEP for students contributes to actively responding to the non-traditional
security challenge in our country.
Summary of chapter 2
Under the urgent requirements of the reality of environmental degradation in the
process of accelerating industrialization and modernization is affecting more and more,
ECEP for students is an important content of youth work, so it is an indispensable part of
the current ideological work to raise awareness, attitudes and behaviors of young students in
environmental protection. ECEP for students consists of basic elements: the subject of
education, the object of education, purpose, content, form, method and means to work
closely together on the basis of certain educational conditions in order to achieve high
efficiency; contribute to the education of the younger generation in the new age. ECEP for
students is of great importance and significance to the educational cause and development
process of the country.
REALITY AND PROBLEMS CONCERNING ENVIRONMENTAL
PROTECTION EDUCATION FOR STUDENTS OF UNIVERSITIES IN HANOI
3.1. Factors affecting the education of environmental consciousness for students of
universities in Hanoi today
3.1.1. Hanoi's economy - society and environment in the period of accelerating
industrialization and modernization impact on education of environmental consciousness
188.8.131.52. Natural, socio-economic characteristics of Hanoi
- Geographical position, natural characteristics, climate, population: Hanoi Capital is
located in the center of the Red River Delta, with many advantages in natural conditions and
resources for economic development. society and culture. Since August 1, 2008, Hanoi has
expanded its administrative boundaries, becoming the second largest administrative unit in
Vietnam, the population as of 2015 is about 7.6 million people - the second largest in the
country. (after Ho Chi Minh City). The highest population density in the country: 3490
people / km2.
- Characteristics of socio-economic activities of Hanoi: Along with the process of
strong socio-economic development, the speed of urbanization is rapid, industry and
handicrafts increase rapidly. Hanoi is now considered a "great site". With the management
and supervision of many weak areas, in the face of heavy pressure by a very high population
growth rate, Hanoi is increasingly faced with the challenge of heavy pollution (air and soil
pollution). , water, noise, radiation, ...)
184.108.40.206. Environmental conditions in Hanoi today
Hanoi is the city with the highest rate of pollution and violations of environmental
laws in the country, greatly affecting all aspects of development. The situation of pollution
is taking place quite seriously in almost all areas, on the one hand there is a warning bell for
everyone, causing us to not help but worry, delay in protecting the environment .
- Air pollution due to industrial dust and smoke, the emissions of vehicles are
alarming; Concentration of suspended dust in urban districts exceeded 2-3 times.
- Pollution of water and land: most of the rivers around Hanoi have been polluted by
industrial wastewater and untreated domestic wastewater. According to calculations, about
850 tons of industrial waste is generated every day in Hanoi, which will increase from 3-5%
per year; The toxic chemicals are abused abused in agriculture also cause many
- Noise pollution and electromagnetic radiation have been potential risks for the
environment and public health in Hanoi.
3.1.2. The process of international integration and the development of science and
technology affects the education of environmental consciousness for students
- The trend of globalization and international integration has become more and more
important, creating opportunities for economic development and many other aspects of
social life, while facilitating peacekeeping and environmental protection, and deal with
global climate change. On the other hand, in this trend, it is not ruled out that the big
country takes advantage of the link to cause dominant intervention with the dependent poor
country, thereby causing conflict, war, poverty and hindering the resolution process.
addressing current environmental and climate issues.
- The development of science, technology and technology has a two-sided impact on
the process of ECEP for students today, while facilitating the propaganda and education, but
also poses many new challenges to the environmental protection and and ECEP. Because of
the location, the ability to exploit natural resources is extremely easy to make nature more
and more impoverished. With modern media, content of ECEP is transmitted conveniently,
quickly and diversified, but it is also easy to take advantage to serve the purpose of
reactionary forces and impact significantly on the ideological life year - student.
3.1.3. The basic characteristics of universities and students in Hanoi today affect the
process of educating the consciousness of environmental protection.
220.127.116.11. Basic characteristics of universities in Hanoi today
Firstly, universities in Hanoi now have a remarkable change in the general trend of the
world: massification, marketization, diversification and internationalization.
Secondly, the development of the university network in Hanoi now aims to meet the
demand for high quality human resources, serving the cause of industrialization and
modernization of the country.
Thirdly, higher education is currently trying to truly and comprehensively innovate
under the Government's Resolution No. 14/2005 / NQ-CP on "Basic and comprehensive
innovation of Vietnamese higher education in the period." 2006-2020 ”
18.104.22.168. Basic characteristics of students in Hanoi
First, students in Hanoi are becoming more active, positive, and creative than before.
Secondly, most university students in Hanoi must regularly make efforts to overcome
many difficulties in terms of studying and living in urban areas.
Thirdly, students are those who have never experienced the struggle, sacrifice, and loss
of the nation, and at the same time most of them have not undergone the practice of hard
labor so they lack experience and capital.
3.2. Current situation and causes of the current status of educating consciousness
of environmental protection for students in Hanoi today
3.2.1. Achievements and causes in educating the awareness of environmental
protection for university students in Hanoi today
22.214.171.124. Achievement in educating the sense of environmental protection for students
a) Educational subjects have shown interest and sense of responsibility in educating
young generations about the sense of environmental protection at universities.
- The Party Committee, the School Board, the Chairman of the school council in
universities and institutes have been very interested in ECEP for students.
- The staff of the department, faculty, committee, especially the staff of the Political
and Student Management Department, the Youth Union, the Student Association, the
Management Board of student dormitories are always aware of responsibility and close
contribute positively in the process of ECEP for students
- University lecturers constantly improve their knowledge, professional qualifications
and skills, integrate the content of ECEP for students through each subject, lesson
- University students in Hanoi, as a special subject in the process of self-education,
also have a certain contribution to achieving the goal of ECEP.
b) The content of educating the consciousness of environmental protection for students
is quite rich, diverse and regularly updated
First, the content of education for students today has helped them to have a certain
understanding of the ecosystem and the mechanism of the ecosystem; functions and roles of
Secondly, the necessary educational content helps students to be aware of the status of
environmental pollution in the development conditions of our country and the world is
Thirdly, the educational content for students about the values of values in dealing with
natural environment has been paid attention, oriented them, formed a civilized and
economical lifestyle, preserving green living standards - clean - beautiful in personal and
Fourth, the content of education on the views, orientations, guidelines and policies of
the Party, the law on environmental protection of the State has been integrated in many
educational activities for students at universities.
c) Forms and methods of educating environmental protection consciousness for
students in Hanoi
- The form of educating environmental protection for students of universities in Hanoi
is quite diverse
Firstly, ECEP provides students with education in the classroom and integrates into
teaching. This is considered a suitable and easily applicable form in most areas of university
teaching. In addition to the subjects in environmental studies in the major, most students are
able to grasp the content of ECEP through basic or other subjects.
Secondly, ECEP for students through organizing extracurricular activities: organizing
student scientific research conferences; Olympic competitions at all levels; organize for
students to visit the fieldwork with the guidance of teachers; to stage a contest to learn about
environment on the occasion of the world anniversary. Typically, the contest "Climate
change with life" in 9/2017 by the Environmental Magazine in collaboration with the
University of Natural Resources and Environment. Extracurricular activities are always
excited by students to participate.
Thirdly, ECEP with the form of organizing collective activities for the environment
(associated with the voluntary movement and activities of MT clubs). Many universities
create conditions for faculties to coordinate with the Youth Union, the Students' Union to
organize many exciting activities with a large scale throughout the city and nationwide to
attract a large number of students to participate. Typically: Gameshow "Capital student with
electricity saving" by Hanoi Electricity Corporation in collaboration with Hanoi Youth
Union and the 2015 Student-Student Cultural House; "Earth Hour" program; program of
student clubs: "Hanoi green - the day of exchanging gifts for gifts", "Nature voice up",
"Green dormitory and thrifty practice", "Student with Capital life civilized",...
- Methods of educating the consciousness of environmental protection for students are
quite appropriate and effective
The method of using speech has been implemented mainly in the process of ECEP for
students through classroom teaching combined with other active teaching methods
(presentations combined with discussion methods). group, orientation method to suggest
Practical methods are mainly used in extracurricular activities, clubs such as:
Organizing and orienting students to volunteer; practical tour guide methods, advanced
examples of methods
Visual methods in ECEP for students are used quite popular in universities such as
using panels, pictures, slogans, ...
The method of self-study and self-information searching also brought the most results
with the process of ECEP for students.
d) Means of education of environmental consciousness are increasingly diversified and
Means of ECEP in the form of teaching in classrooms with adequate and convenient
equipment; Library system, lecture halls, dormitories, spacious and modern labs
The media system is flexible for the service of the ECEP
e) Educating the sense of environmental protection for university students in Hanoi in
general is good
ECEP for students first shows in the results achieved in comparison with the set goals,
specifically the certain changes in students' CEP and actions of the courses from the first
year to the last years with a small cost, mainly promoting the voluntariness of students.
126.96.36.199. Positive manifestations in the consciousness of environmental protection of
students further demonstrate the results of the educational process.
- The students' environmental knowlege has been improved step by step
- Environmenta positive sentiment of students has expressed: love of nature, attention
to current environmental issues
- Belief in practical ability in environmental protection; enthusiastic, ready to work
hard on environmental protection activities (contributing to green - clean the Capital,
discover acts and tricks of environmental pollution, propaganda, calling people to protect
188.8.131.52. The cause of the achievements in education of environmental awareness
education for university students in Hanoi
- The Party and State always pay attention to the task of environmental protection, in
which there are appropriate orientations for the work of ECEP.
- The socio-economic situation of Hanoi in particular and the country in general has
seen a clear development that has facilitated education.
- The serious environmental pollution situation in the Capital, in the whole country and
in the world has been ringing in a wake-up call, urging the process of ECEP cannot be
- The development of universities is closely associated with the requirements set out in
the process of comprehensive education innovation, increasingly in line with the general
trend in the integration process, which has created a significant advantage for ECEP .
- The socio-political organizations of students such as Youth Union, Student
Association and other social organizations have promoted the role of orientation and
organization of activities for students, making an important contribution in the education
and social service for the student.
- Some conditions of the students themselves are favorable for the process of EPE
3.2.2. Limitations and causes in educating the consciousness of environmental
protection for students in Hanoi last time
184.108.40.206. Restrictions in the process of educating environmental protection for
university students in Hanoi
- Some limitations from the subject of ECEP for students: With the subject of
management, the direction and supervision of the educational process is still formal,
information oriented, public opinion is still slow and lacking. timely, incomplete; For the
subjects who are officials and lecturers, they are not really dedicated in education and ECEP
for students. With the subject being a student, some of you do not understand the role of
your special subject.
- Restrictions on contents of ECEP for students: Except for the contents of education
for students specialized in environment, the content of education for most other students is
simple and lack of depth.
- Inadequacies in forms, methods, means of ECEP for students at universities in Hanoi
today: The form of ECEP for students is now also movement, timing and achievement; The
use of educational methods is monotonous, inconsistent and irregular
- Means of ECEP for students are inadequate and not synchronized
220.127.116.11. Weakness in the consciousness of environmental protection of a part of
students clearly reflects the limitations of the educational process
- A part of students still lack of knowledge and awareness about environment
- Some students also have emotional expressions, attitude of dealing with environment
is not appropriate
- A part of students lacks faith and idealism; motivation to participate in environmental
protection activities is not clear, not active in action
18.104.22.168. The cause of the limitations and weaknesses in educating the consciousness of
environmental protection for students
First, the downside of the market economy and the process of industrialization and
urbanization with a rapid population growth poses many major challenges for environment
Secondly, the subject of ECEP is not really enthusiastic and has not promoted all the
roles and responsibilities in the process of orientation, management, supervision and
organization of ECEP activities.
Thirdly, the increase in the scale of university training is too fast in a short time,
making it difficult to ensure the quality of training in general and the ECEP in particular.
Fourthly, the forms of ECEP for students are now mainly through extracurricular
activities and collective activities, but the activities do not occur regularly, but often only in
a period, sometimes, sometimes very formal. .
Fifth, some basic causes stemming from the students themselves: this is an important
reason leading to the basic limitations of ECEP.
3.3. Some issues of environmental consciousness education for students in Hanoi
- The role of the subject of ECEP is very important but the conditions and policies that
create the motivation to promote the role of the subject are still limited.
- Students themselves are both objects and a special subject of ECEP, but in fact they
have not promoted their subject role.
- The content of ECEP for students is quite diverse, but the framework of higher
education programs is limited
- ECEP for students requires forms, methods and means to be diversified and
diversified, but their use in practice is still difficult.
- ECEP for students requires investment in many aspects, but the conditions
guaranteeing educational activities are lacking.
Summary of chapter 3
Hanoi is the economic, cultural and scientific center of the country. It has both
favorable conditions and certain difficulties for ECEP for students.
ECEP for students in Hanoi universities now have gotten certain achievements; but
there are still inevitably limits from the adverse effects of market mechanisms and the
stagnation of the higher education process itself. Therefore, students’ CEP when facing to
environmental status despite some changes, but there are still some negative symptoms.
From the process of analyzing the situation and the causes of the situation of ECEP for
students, the thesis has set out a number of issues that need to continue to study and find
solutions to further promote the effectiveness of the education process, contributing to the
development of Hanoi capital green – civilization – civilized – modern.
OPINIONS AND SOLUTIONS TO PROMOTE ENVIRONMENTAL
EDUCATION FOR STUDENTS OF UNIVERSITIES IN HANOI TODAY
4.1. Guiding points for environmental awareness education activities for
university students in Hanoi
- To educate the consciousness of environmental protection for students must stick to
the Party's and the State's viewpoints and policies on environment and environmental
protection in the new period.
- To educate the consciousness of environmental protection for university students
must be based on the viewpoint of fundamental and comprehensive renewal of the
education of our Party and State.
- To educate the environmental awareness of university’s students must be coordinated
between universities and relevant agencies.
- ECEP for students must coordinate with educating the sense of law on environmental
protection in the period of accelerating national industrialization and modernization.
4.2. Some major solutions to enhance the education of environmental
consciousness for current university students
4.2.1. Group solutions to the subject of educating the sense of environmental
protection for students
Firstly, strengthening the leadership of grassroots party committees, the role of state
management in universities for the ECEP for students..
Secondly, to raise the professional level of ECEP for university lecturers.
Third, promote the role of the head of the organization, the role of the management
leader and the mass organizations of the university in educating the sense of environmental
protection for students.
4.2.2. Group solutions to education content of environmental protection awareness
- To promote dissemination of views, guidelines of the Party, policies and laws of the
State on environmental protection and necessary contents for environmental protection for
- To combine educational content on environmental protection awareness for students
with internal education ideology, ethics, lifestyle, legal sense, aesthetics, culture.
- To focus on the content of the chapter on prevention skills, Chú trọng nội dung
chương giáo dục kỹ năng phòng tránh, mitigation of natural disasters; Struggling with the
expression of breaking the environmental law.
4.2.3. Group solutions to methods, forms, means of education environmental
consciousness for students
- To attach importance to the integration of environmental protection education
through the form of organizing classes and courses suitable to students of each specialized
- To build and improve the model of student clubs to develop skills in environmental
- To propagate and multiply advanced examples in environmental protection for
- To bring into play the role of modern technical means, application of science and
technology, new technologies for education activities of environmental protection for
4.2.4. Group solutions to the conditions to ensure environmental education activities
- To create a good educational environment for environmental awareness education,
promote positive aspects of environmental awareness in students.
- To mobilize social capital and use it effectively for environmental education activities
for university students.
- To complete the system of environmental law in order to create favorable conditions
for the coordination between environmental law education and environmental education.
4.2.5. Group solutions to enhance students’ self-reliance and self-training ability in
environmental protection, actively responding to climate change.
- To build positive motives for environmental protection for students
- To encourage students to do scientific research and creativity in the field of
- Promote the role of students on the front of propaganda environmental protection in
Summary of chapter 4
In recent years, ECEP for students have been interested and achieved some results, but
there are still many restrictions. Therefore, to further strengthen the educating consciousness
of environmental protection for students, we need to focus on four perspectives and five
groups of solutions. A system of views and solutions based on the basis of scientific
reasoning; based on the actual situation assessment of the ECEP for students in universities
in Ha Noi and based on factors influencing the process of this education, therefore, it is
suitable with the practical conditions of students and conditions of universities in Hanoi.
The contents of the solutions have been concretized in order to facilitate the process of
applying them into reality. The process of implementing solutions should be coordinated in
a synchronized manner, in order to further improve the effectiveness of education and
contribute to the formation of environmental culture of students in universities, today.
1. Environment protection and actively responding to climate change are important
missions in the process of building and developing the country in the direction of
sustainability. ECEP is the center content, at the same time, it is the first priority for
effective environmental protection. Therefore, the attention of the Party and State, the
strength of the whole people. ECEP for students is very meaningful and contribute to the
realization of the common goal of education as well as the cause of environmental
2. ECEP for students is a new content of the current ideological work and it has some
certain characteristics. The highest purpose of ECEP for students is to form and develop the
environmental consciousness and the ability to carry out strong practical activities in
environmental protection, promote creativity, students’ positive, support for training, and