SƠ GD&ĐT VINH PHUC
TRƯƠNG THPT LIÊN
(Đề thi gồm: 05 trang)
ĐỀ KTCL ÔN THI THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2018-2019
Môn: TIẾNG ANH – ĐỀ SỐ 077
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát
Ho va tên thi sinh:……………………………………………………………………. SBD:…………………………
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to
each of the question.
Most young people and their families have some ups and downs during their teenage years,
but things usually improve by late adolescence as children become more mature. And family
relationships tend to stay strong right through.
For teenagers, parents and families are a source of care and emotional support. Families
give teenagers practical, financial and material help. And most teenagers still want to spend time
with their families, sharing ideas and having fun.
Adolescence can be a difficult time — your child is going through rapid physical changes as
well as emotional ups and downs. Young people aren't always sure where they fit, and they're still
trying to work it out. Adolescence can also be a time when peer influences and relationships can
cause you and your child some stress.
During this time your family is still a secure emotional base where your child feels loved
and accepted, no matter what's going on in the rest of his life. Your family can build and support
your child's confidence, self-belief, optimism and identity.
When your family sets rules, boundaries and standards of behavior, you give your child a
sense of consistency and predictability. And believe it or not, your life experiences and knowledge
can be really useful to your child — she just might not always want you to know that!
Supportive and close family relationships protect your child from risky behavior like alcohol
and other drug use, and problems like depression. Your support and interest in what your child is
doing at school can boost his desire to do well academically too. Strong family relationships can go
a long way towards helping your child grow into a well-adjusted, considerate and caring adult.
(Adapted from: http://raisingthildren.netauiarticles/farnilyjelationshipsteenagers.html)
Question 01: According to the passage, when does the family relationship start to become stable?
A. When the children are small
B. When children become teenagers
C. When adolescents become adults
D. When the parents get old
Question 02: For teenagers, families are____________.
A. just as important as when they were children
B. less important today than they were before
C. only practical if they can get material support
D. less emotionally important but more financially
Question 03: According to the passage, there might be contradictions between children's
A. attitudes and behaviors
C. actions and thoughts
B. words and body language
D. moods and communication
Question 04: What is NOT mentioned as a trouble-making factor during teenage years?
A. Family responsibilities
C. Physical development
B. Emotional changes
D. Social relationships
Question 05: According to the passage, what might a teenager learn from his/her family?
A. Who he/she is
B. Doubt of his/her ability
C. Career plans
D. The power of love
Question 06: Followings are the expected outcomes of strong family relationships,
A. avoiding drug
B. getting wealthy C. feeling positive
D. studying well
Question 07: What is the best title for the passage?
A. What does the family mean to teenagers?
B. How can parents help children in difficulty?
C. What should teenagers do to be happy?
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D. When do children really need the family?
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to
each of the questions.
You might be surprised to know that bicycles have existed for less than two hundred years.
Though the earliest comes from a sketch said to be from 1534 and attributed to Gian Giacomo,
there are several early but unverified claims for the invention of the modern bicycle. No one is sure
who invented this popular two-wheeled machine, but it was probably either the German Karl von
Drais, in 1817, or the American W K Clarkson, in 1819.
The early models didn't look much like the bicycles of today. The front wheel was much
bigger than the back one, and also there weren't any pedals — riders had to move themselves
forward by pushing their feet against the ground. Pedals finally arrived in the 1840s, and in 1879
an Englishman named Henry Lawson had the idea of connecting them to the back wheel with a
chain. Gears, which made things much easier for those cycling uphill, first appeared in the 1890s.
There are now approximately one billion bicycles in the world — more than twice the total
number of cars – and they are the main form of transport in some developing countries. They have
to compete with cars on the streets of all the world’s cities and two forms of transport don’t always
mix well. In London in 2005, for example, over 300 cyclists were either killed or seriously injured
in accidents involving cars. Even though bicycles are much more environmentally friendly than
cars, most governments don't do much to encourage people to ride rather than drive. In China,
which is famous for having a huge number of bicycles (about 200 million), the authorities in the
city of Shanghai even banned cycling for a while in 2003.
Cycling is on the rise in the United Kingdom, and the number of annual journeys made by
bike in London has increased 50% over the last five years. Experts say there is a mixture of reasons
for this boom: concerns about the environment, the desire to keep fit, and also the fact that cycling
is often not only cheaper but also quicker than travelling by car.
However, although one in three British adults owns a bicycle, they still don't use them
nearly as much as they could. Bikes are used for a mere 2% of journeys in the UK, while the figure
for the Netherlands is an impressive 27%.
Cycling is becoming more popular as a competitive sport, and the most famous race is of
course the three-week Tour de France, which takes place every July. American Lance Armstrong
won it every year from 1999 to 2005 --one of the greatest individual sporting achievements of all
(adapted from Handouts for B2, University of Linguistics and International Studies, 2017)
Question 08: Why didn't early bicycles look much like today's models?
A. They only had one wheel.
B. The wheels were different sizes.
C. They were made of wood.
D. They had machine.
Question 09: The highlighted word "attributed" is closest in meaning to___________.
Question 10: Which of the following is FALSE?
A. There are about one billion bicycles in the world today.
B. About 20% of the world bicycles are in China
C. More than 90% of the world's bicycles are in Africa.
D. Cycling was banned in Shanghai, China in 2003.
Question 11: According to experts, which of the following is NOT an explanation for the recent
increase in bicycle use in London?
A. People want to keep fit.
B. People have more money, so they can afford to buy good bicycles.
C. Travelling by car is often slower than travelling by bicycle.
D. Cycling protects the environment.
Question 12: In the Netherlands, what percentage of journeys are made by bicycle?
B. Less than 5%
D. More than 25%
Question 13: What was Lance Armstrong's amazing achievement?
A. Cycling to work every day for twenty years.
B. Winning the Tour de France seven times.
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C. Cycling all the way around the world.
D. Cycling continuously in three weeks.
Question 16: The highlighted word it in paragraph 6 refers to____________.
B. the race
C. the achievement D. sport
Question 16: Which can be the best title for the passage?
C. Best means of transport
D. The invention of bicycle
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or
phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.
Water is of vital importance to all living things. Without it, all living things will surely die.
We also use a great (16)__________ of water daily in our homes, in factories, and in power stations.
Most of this water is fresh water and it comes to us from reservoirs, rivers and lakes.
The Earth's surface is (17)__________ by large areas of water which we call oceans and seas. If
you have tasted the water from the sea, you will know that, unlike fresh water, seawater tastes
salty. This is due to the (18)__________ of sodium chloride which comes from the land. Rivers carry it
to the sea.
Although neither salt nor fresh water has any color, the sea often looks blue (19) __________
the sunlight. The reason is that sunlight is made up of many colors. Some colors disappear quickly
in the sea but blue light bounces back (trở l ại bình th ường), or is reflected, to the surface. This
makes the sea look blue. (20)__________, a stormy sky will make the sea look grey.
(Conquer Cloze — Judy Tilaka & Charles Xavier — SAP)
Question 16: A. quality
Question 17: A. covered
Question 18: A. influence
Question 19: A. with
Question 20: A. Hence
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is
OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 21: Unfortunately, the rise in the popularity of Vietnamese taking trips abroad is having
detrimental impact on the domestic tour market.
Question 22: Both universities speak highly of the development of the strategic partnership in all
A. express disapproval of
B. voice opinion on
C. resolve a conflict over
D. find favor with
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning
to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 23: He has not been offered the job because he can not meet the requirements of the
Question 24: My neighbor plays music at 2 AM and it’s getting on my nerves.
A. to make someone feel nervous
A. to make someone feel sad
C. to be annoying someone more and more
D. to avoid someone you don’t like much
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines
each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 25: I arrived at work. The assistant knocked at the door.
A, I had to arrive at work as The assistant knocked at the door.
B. Had The assistant knocked at the door, I would have arrived at work.
C. No sooner had I arrived at work than the assistant knocked at the door.
D. I hardly knew The assistant knocked at the door as I just arrived at work.
Question 26: He finished the report. Then he submitted it to the director.
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A. Having finished the report, he submitted it to the director.
B. Finishing the report, it was submitted to the director.
C. Having finished the report, it was submitted to the director.
D. Having finished the report, he submitted to the director.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in
meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 27: “Bill, stop playing with the knife, or else you will get a cut.” said the mother.
A. The mother asked Bill to play with the knife.
B. The mother ordered Bill to get a cut.
C. The mother warned Bill not to play with the knife.
D. The mother accused Bill of getting a cut.
Question 28: Jane finds it hard to get on well with her new friends at school.
A. Jane can not live in harmony with her new friends at school.
B. Jane’s new friends at school are so hard on her.
C. It is impossible for Jane to fall out with her new friends at school.
D. Because of her new friends, Jane can not get on well with her school
Question 29: She firmly believed John to be telling the truth.
A. John is firmly believed to be telling the truth.
B. It is believed that John always tells the truth.
C. She believed that John always tells the truth.
D. It was her firm belief that John was telling the truth
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part
differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 30: A. locked
Question 31: A. arrange
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the
other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 32: A. schedule
Question 33: A. employment
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on yo23ur answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of
the following questions.
Question 34: They_________ close friends for many years since we were in grade 7.
B. are being
C. have been
D. had been
Question 35: If I were you, I_________ harder to pass the examination.
A. would work
B. will work
Question 36: We were all hungry, so she suggested_________ dinner early.
A. to have
Question 37: The population of the world has been_________ faster and faster.
Question 38: Let's have a party to celebrate our third successive win, ________?
A. don't we
B. do we
C. will we
D. shall we
Question 39: Her classmates admire her so much because she has a clear_________ mind.
Question 40: In addition to a nutritious diet, a_________ lifestyle can boost your health and increase
your life expectancy.
C. cholesterol-free D. anti-ageing
Question 41: Science has shown that many types of chronic diseases are__________ to people's bad
Question 43: I think the match__________. Everybody's gone into the stadium and you can hear them
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A. should have started
B. will be started
C. must have start
D. must have started
Question 43: Melanie was the only person__________ a letter of thanks.
A. who write
C. to write
Question 44: It was not until the writer had retired that his works started to__________.
A. bring out
B. come out
C. work out
D. put out
Question 45: When the teacher asked Amanda what the chemical formula was, her mind was a
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to
complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 46: Daisy is asking the seller about what she intends to buy at the shop.
Daisy: “Can I try your new camera?”
A. Sure. But please be careful with it.
B. I’m sorry I can’t. Let’s go now.
C. I’m sorry. I’m home late.
D. Sure. I’d love to.
Question 47: Lan and Mai was talking about their study at school.
Mai: “I thought your English skill was a lot better, Lan.” Lan: “________________.”
A. Thank you. I’d love to
B. Yes, please. Just a little
C. No, thanks. I think I can do it
D. You’ve got to be kidding. I thought it was bad
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs
correction in each of the following questions.
Question 48: The teacher as well as his students haven’t arrived at the school meeting yet.
A. as well
B. students haven’t
Question 49: There is no other place near here to get your motorbike repair.
A. is no
B. near here
Question 50: It was in 2006 when she got married to a well-known movie star.
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