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Cisco press CCNP ONT portable command guide mar 2008 ISBN 1587201852

CCNPONTPortableCommandGuide
byScottEmpson;HansRoth
Publisher:CiscoPress
PubDate:April04,2008
PrintISBN-10:1-58720-185-2
PrintISBN-13:978-1-58720-185-1
eTextISBN-10:1-58720-215-8
eTextISBN-13:978-1-58720-215-5
Pages:168
TableofContents

Overview
AlltheONT642-845commandsinonecompact,portable
resource
PreparingfortheCCNP®certification?Workingasanetwork
professional?HerearealltheCCNP-levelcommandsforthe
ONTexamyouneedinonecondensed,portableresource.The
CCNPONTPortableCommandGuideisfilledwithvaluable,
easy-to-accessinformationandisportableenoughforuse
whetheryou'reintheserverroomortheequipmentcloset.
Thisbookwillhelpyoumemorizecommandsandconceptsas

youworktopasstheCCNPONTexam(642-845).Theguide
summarizesallCCNPcertification-levelCiscoIOS®Software
commands,keywords,commandarguments,andassociated
prompts,providingyouwithtipsandexamplesofhowtoapply
thecommandstoreal-worldscenarios.Sampleconfigurations
throughoutthebookprovideyouwithabetterunderstandingof
howthesecommandsareusedinsimplenetworkdesigns.
Thetopicsinthisportablecommandguidecoverhowtodothe
following:
DescribeCiscoVoIPimplementations


DescribeQoSconsiderations
DescribeDiffServQoSimplementations
ImplementAutoQoS
ImplementWLANsecurityandmanagement
ScottEmpsoniscurrentlytheassistantprogramchairofthe
bachelorofappliedinformationsystemstechnologydegree
programattheNorthernAlbertaInstituteofTechnologyin
Edmonton,Alberta,Canada,teachingCisco®routing,
switching,andnetworkdesigncoursesincertificate,diploma,
andapplieddegreeprogramsatthepost-secondarylevel.
HansRothisaninstructorintheelectrical/electronic
engineeringtechnologydepartmentatRedRiverCollegein
Winnipeg,Canada.
AccessallCCNPONTcommands–useasaquick,offline
resourceforresearchandsolutions
Logical"how-to"topicgroupingsprovideone-stopresearch
GreatforreviewbeforetakingtheCCNPONTcertification
exam
Compactsizemakesiteasytocarrywithyou,whereveryou
go
"CreateYourOwnJournal"sectionwithblank,linedpages
allowsyoutopersonalizethebookforyourneeds
ThisbookispartoftheCiscoPress®CertificationSelf-Study
ProductFamily,whichoffersreadersaself-pacedstudyroutine
forCiscocertificationexams.TitlesintheCiscoPress
CertificationSelf-StudyProductFamilyarepartofa
recommendedlearningprogramfromCiscothatincludes
simulationandhands-ontrainingfromauthorized
CiscoLearningPartnersandself-studyproductsfromCisco


Press.
Category:CiscoPress–CiscoCertification
Covers:CCNPONTCertification642-845
$24.99USA/$26.99CAN


CCNPONTPortableCommandGuide
byScottEmpson;HansRoth
Publisher:CiscoPress
PubDate:April04,2008
PrintISBN-10:1-58720-185-2
PrintISBN-13:978-1-58720-185-1
eTextISBN-10:1-58720-215-8
eTextISBN-13:978-1-58720-215-5
Pages:168
TableofContents

Copyright
AbouttheAuthors
AbouttheTechnicalReviewers
Acknowledgments
IconsUsedinThisBook
Introduction
Chapter1.NetworkDesignRequirements
CiscoService-OrientedNetworkArchitecture
CiscoEnterpriseCompositeNetworkModel
Chapter2.CiscoVoIPImplementations
CiscoUnifiedCommunicationsManagerExpress(CME)Files
BasicManualCMESetupUsingtheCLI
CMEAutoConfigurationUsingtheCLI
InstallingIPCommunicator
ChangingCodecsUsingtheCLI
RouterConfiguration
Chapter3.IntroductiontoIPQoS
ConfiguringQoSThroughtheCommand-LineInterface(CLI)
UsingModularQoSCLI(MQC)forImplementingQoS
ImplementingQoSUsingAutoQoS


ImplementingQoSwithCiscoSecurityDeviceManager
(SDM)QoSWizard
Chapter4.ImplementingDiffServ
Networked-BasedApplicationRecognition(NBAR)for
Classification
ClassificationandMarking
ConfiguringPriorityQueuing(PQ)
ConfiguringCustomQueuing(CQ)
ConfiguringPQ&CQforFrameRelay
ConfiguringWeightedFairQueuing(WFQ)
ConfiguringClass-BasedWeightedFairQueuing(CBWFQ)
ConfiguringLow-LatencyQueuing(LLQ)
ConfiguringLow-LatencyQueuing(LLQ)withClass-Based
WeightedRandomEarlyDetection(CBWRED)
TrafficPolicing
TrafficShaping
ImplementingQoSPreclassify
Chapter5.AutoQoS
FormsofAutoQoS
LocationsWhereAutoQoSCanBeImplemented
SerialInterfaceRestrictions
FrameRelayDLCIandATMRestrictions
RouterDesignConsiderations
RouterPrerequisites
DeployingAutoQoSonRouters
DeployingAutoQoSonIOS-BasedCatalystSwitches
VerifyingCiscoAutoQoSontheRouter
VerifyingCiscoAutoQoSontheSwitch
FlowchartforVerifyingandModifyingAutoQoS-Generated
Configurations
Chapter6.WirelessScalability
WirelessLANQoSConfigurationUsingtheGUI


ConfiguringEncryptionandAuthenticationonLightweight
AccessPoints
CiscoWirelessControlSystem(WCS)
CreateYourOwnJournalHere


Copyright
CCNPONTPortableCommandGuide
ScottEmpson
HansRoth
Copyright©2008CiscoSystems,Inc.
Publishedby:
CiscoPress
800East96thStreet
Indianapolis,IN46240USA
Allrightsreserved.Nopartofthisbookmaybereproducedor
transmittedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronicor
mechanical,includingphotocopying,recording,orbyany
informationstorageandretrievalsystem,withoutwritten
permissionfromthepublisher,exceptfortheinclusionofbrief
quotationsinareview.
PrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmerica
FirstPrintingMarch2008
LibraryofCongressCataloging-in-PublicationData:
Empson,Scott.
CCNPONTportablecommandguide/ScottEmpson,HansRoth.
p.cm.
ISBN978-1-58720-185-1(pbk.)
1.Computernetworks--Examinations-Studyguides.2.Internetworking
(Telecommunication)--Examinations-Studyguides.3.Electronicdata
processingpersonnel--Certification.I.Roth,Hans.II.Title.
TK5105.5.E4362008
004.6--dc22
2008005013


ISBN-13:978-1-58720-185-1

WarningandDisclaimer
ThisbookisdesignedtoprovideinformationabouttheCisco
CertifiedNetworkProfessional(CCNP)642-845Optimizing
ConvergedCiscoNetworks(ONT)examandthecommands
neededatthislevelofnetworkadministration.Everyefforthas
beenmadetomakethisbookascompleteandasaccurateas
possible,butnowarrantyorfitnessisimplied.
Theinformationisprovidedonan"asis"basis.Theauthors,
CiscoPress,andCiscoSystems,Inc.shallhaveneitherliability
norresponsibilitytoanypersonorentitywithrespecttoany
lossordamagesarisingfromtheinformationcontainedinthis
bookorfromtheuseofthediscsorprogramsthatmay
accompanyit.
Theopinionsexpressedinthisbookbelongtotheauthorand
arenotnecessarilythoseofCiscoSystems,Inc.

TrademarkAcknowledgments
Alltermsmentionedinthisbookthatareknowntobe
trademarksorservicemarkshavebeenappropriately
capitalized.CiscoPressorCiscoSystems,Inc.,cannotattestto
theaccuracyofthisinformation.Useofaterminthisbook
shouldnotberegardedasaffectingthevalidityofany
trademarkorservicemark.

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ForsalesoutsidetheUnitedStatespleasecontact:
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FeedbackInformation
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AllothertrademarksmentionedinthisdocumentorWebsiteare
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andanyothercompany.(0609R)

Dedications
ThisbookisdedicatedtoTrina,Zach,andShae,without
whomIcouldn'thavemadeitthroughthoselongnightsof
writingandediting.
Thisbookisalsodedicatedtothememoryofmyfather,Ted
Empson,April24,1940–December10,2007.Goodmen
mustdie,butdeathcannotkilltheirnames.J'taimePapa.


—Scott
I'dliketodedicatethisbooktomywifeCarolanddaughter
Tess.Iamthankfulfortheirgraceandpatiencewithme
duringmymanyhoursinthebasement.
I'dalsoliketodedicatethisbooktomywifeCarol.I'm
hopefultwodedicationsareworthmorethanone.
—Hans


AbouttheAuthors
ScottEmpsonistheAssociateChairoftheBachelorofApplied
InformationSystemsTechnologydegreeprogramatthe
NorthernAlbertaInstituteofTechnologyinEdmonton,Alberta,
Canada,whereheteachesCiscorouting,switching,and
networkdesigncoursesinavarietyofdifferentprograms—
certificate,diploma,andapplieddegree—atthepost-secondary
level.ScottisalsotheProgramCoordinatoroftheCisco
NetworkingAcademyProgramatNAIT,aRegionalAcademy
coveringCentralandNorthernAlberta.Hehasearnedthree
undergraduatedegrees:abachelorofarts,withamajorin
English;abachelorofeducation,againwithamajorin
English/languagearts;andabachelorofappliedinformation
systemstechnology,withamajorinnetworkmanagement.He
currentlyholdsseveralindustrycertifications,includingCCNP,
CCAI,andNetwork+.PriortoinstructingatNAIT,hewasa
junior/seniorhighschoolEnglish/languagearts/computer
scienceteacheratdifferentschoolsthroughoutNorthern
Alberta.ScottlivesinEdmonton,Alberta,withhiswife,Trina,
andtwochildren,ZachariahandShaelyn,whereheenjoys
readingandstudyingthemartialartofTaekwon-Do.
HansRothisaninstructorintheElectrical/Electronic
EngineeringTechnologydepartmentatRedRiverCollegein
Winnipeg,Canada.Hanshasbeenwiththecollegefor11years
andteachesintheboththeElectronicTechnologyandITareas.
HehasbeenwiththeCiscoAcademyProgramsince2000
teachingCCNPcurricula.Previoustoteaching,Hansspent15
yearsinR&D/productdevelopmentdesigningmicrocontrollerbasedcontrolsystemsforconsumerproductsaswellasforthe
automotiveandagriculturalindustries.


AbouttheTechnicalReviewers
TamiDay-Orsatti,CCSI,CCDP,CCNP,CCSP:SNPA,CISSP,ECI,
EMCPA,MCT,MCSE2000/2003:Security,isanITnetworking,
security,anddatastorageinstructorforT2ITTraining.Sheis
responsibleforthedeliveryofauthorizedCisco,(ISC)2,EMC,
andMicrosoftclasses.Shehasmorethan23yearsintheIT
industryworkingwithmanydifferenttypesoforganizations
(privatebusiness,cityandfederalgovernment,andDoD),
providingprojectmanagementandsenior-levelnetworkand
securitytechnicalskillsinthedesignandimplementationof
complexcomputingenvironments.
MikeValentinehas13yearsofexperienceintheITfield,
specializinginnetworkdesignandinstallation.Heiscurrentlya
CiscotrainerwithSkylineAdvancedTechnologyServicesand
specializesinCiscoUnifiedCommunicationsandCCNAand
CCNPclasses.Hisaccessible,humorous,andeffectiveteaching
stylehasdemystifiedCiscoforhundredsofstudentssincehe
beganteachingin2002.Mikeholdsabachelorofartsdegree
fromtheUniversityofBritishColumbiaandcurrentlyholdsthe
MCSE:Security,CCNA,CCDA,CCNP,CCVP,IPTX,QoS,CCSI
#31461,C|EHandCTPcertifications,andhascompletedthe
CCIEwrittenexam.
MikewasonthedevelopmentteamfortheCiscoUnified
CommunicationsArchitectureandDesignofficialcourseware
andiscurrentlydevelopingcustomUnifiedCommunications
coursewareforSkyline.Mikeco-authoredthepopularCCNA
ExamCram(Exam640-802),thirdeditionandhasservedas
technicaleditorandcontributoronseveralCiscoPresstitles.


Acknowledgments
Anyonewhohaseverhadanythingtodowiththepublishing
industryknowsthatittakesmany,manypeopletocreatea
book.Ournamesmightbeonthecover,butthereisnoway
thatwecantakecreditforallthatoccurredinordertogetthis
bookfromideatopublication.Therefore,wemustthankthe
followingpeople:
FromScott:TheteamatCiscoPress—onceagainyouamaze
mewithyourprofessionalismandtheabilitytomakemelook
good.MaryBeth,Chris,Patrick,Drew,Mandie,Paula,and
Dayna—thankyouforyourcontinuedsupportandbeliefinmy
littleengineeringjournal.
Tomytechnicalreviewers,TamiDay-OrsattiandMikeValentine,
thanksforkeepingmeontrackandmakingsurethatwhatI
wrotewascorrectandrelevant.
TothestaffoftheCiscoofficehereinEdmonton,thanksfor
puttingupwithmeandmycontinuedrequeststoborrow
equipmentfordevelopmentandvalidationoftheconceptsin
thisbook.
Abigthankyougoestomyco-author,HansRoth,forhelping
methroughthiswithallofyourtechnicalexpertiseand
willingnesstoassistintryingtomakemyideasareality.
ToHans'wifeanddaughter,CarolandTess,thankyoufor
allowingHanstohelpmewhenIwasoverwhelmedwiththe
factthatIhadfivebookstowriteinjustoverayear'stime.I
cannotthankyouenoughforlettingHanscomeoverandplay.
FromHans:Idon'texactlyknowhowmanypeopleittakesto
getabookontheshelf.Thecontentmustbewrittenandthe
graphicsdrawn,eachsectionverifiedtechnically,eachpart
massagedinediting,thepresentationlayoutmanipulatedand
re-edited,thepre-pressandpost-pressworkcompleted,
includingthemanymarketingefforts,andofcourse,the


organizationandpatienceoftheeditorandeditorialstaff.
Certainlythewritingpartisonlyoneeffortinalargecollection
ofefforts.
TotheCiscoPressteam,thankyouforyourpatienceand
guidance,especiallyyouMaryBeth.
Tothetechnicalreviewers,TamiDay-OrsattiandMikeValentine,
thanks.
LastlyIwouldliketothankmycolleagueineducationandcowriter,ScottEmpson.Scott'sboundlessenergyhashelpedme
refocuswhenIneededit.Hispositiveattitudetemperedwith
hisvastexperienceineducationandtechnicalareaswasan
excellentruddertohelpmestayoncourse,Lastly,Scott's
experiencewiththeprocessofwritingforCiscoPresssavedme
frommanyofthe"newbie"writerfoibles.Thankyou,Scott,for
freelysharingyourexperiencewithme.


IconsUsedinThisBook

CommandSyntaxConventions
Theconventionsusedtopresentcommandsyntaxinthisbook
arethesameconventionsusedintheIOSCommandReference.
TheCommandReferencedescribestheseconventionsas
follows:
Boldfaceindicatescommandsandkeywordsthatare
enteredliterallyasshown.Inactualconfigurationexamples
andoutput(notgeneralcommandsyntax),boldface
indicatescommandsthataremanuallyinputbytheuser
(suchasashowcommand).
Italicindicatesargumentsforwhichyousupplyactual
values.
Verticalbars(|)separatealternative,mutuallyexclusive
elements.


Squarebrackets([])indicateanoptionalelement.
Braces({})indicatearequiredchoice.
Braceswithinbrackets([{}])indicatearequiredchoice
withinanoptionalelement.


Introduction
WelcometoONT!In2006,CiscoPresscametomeandtoldme,
albeitveryquietly,thattherewasgoingtobeamajorrevision
oftheCCNPcertificationexams.ThentheyaskedwhetherI
wouldbeinterestedinworkingonacommandguideinthe
samefashionasmypreviousbooksforCiscoPress:theCisco
NetworkingAcademyProgramCCNACommandQuickReference
andtheCCNAPortableCommandGuide.Theoriginalideawas
tocreateasingle-volumecommandsummaryforallfourofthe
newCCNPexams.However,earlyoninmyresearchIquickly
discoveredthattherewasfartoomuchinformationinthefour
examstocreateasinglevolume;thatwouldhaveresultedina
bookthatwasneitherportablenorquickasareference.So
whenIjokinglysuggestedthattheyletmeauthorfourbooks—
oneforeachexam—whowouldhaveexpectedCiscoPressto
agree?Well,youhavetobecarefulforwhatyouwishfor,as
CiscoPressreadilyagreed.Realizingthatthiswasgoingtobe
toomuchforonepart-timeauthortohandle,Iquicklygotmy
colleagueHansRothonboardasaco-author.
Thisbookisthefourthandfinalvolumeinafour-volumeset
thatattemptstosummarizethecommandsandconceptsthat
youneedtoknowinordertopassoneoftheCCNPcertification
exams—inthiscase,theOptimizingConvergedCiscoNetworks
(ONT)exam.Itfollowstheformatofmypreviousbooks,which
areinfactacleaned-upversionofmyownpersonalengineering
journals—asmallnotebookthatcanbecarriedaroundandthat
containslittlenuggetsofinformation—commandsthatyou
forget,theIPaddressingschemeofsomeremotepartofthe
network,andlittleremindersabouthowtodosomethingyou
onlyhavetodoonceortwiceayear,butthatisvitaltothe
integrityandmaintenanceofyournetwork.
Withthecreationoftwobrand-newCCNPexams,theamountof
newinformationoutthereisgrowingonanalmostdailybasis.
Thereisalwaysanewwhitepapertoread,anewWebinarto
view,anotherslideshowfromaNetworkerssessionthatwas


neverattended.Theengineeringjournalcanbethatcentral
repositoryofinformationthatwon'tweighyoudownasyou
carryitfromtheofficeorcubicletotheserverand
infrastructureroominsomebranchoffice.
Tomakethisguideamorerealisticoneforyoutouse,thefolks
atCiscoPresshavedecidedtocontinuewithanappendixof
blankpages—pagesthatareforyoutoputyourownpersonal
touches—yourownconfigs,commandsthatarenotinthisbook
butareneededinyourworld,andsoon.Thatwaythisbookwill
hopefullylooklessliketheauthors'journals,butmorelikeyour
own.

NetworkingDevicesUsedinthe
PreparationofThisBook
Toverifythecommandsthatareinthisbook,manydifferent
deviceswereused.Thefollowingisalistoftheequipmentused
inthewritingofthisbook:
C2620routerrunningCiscoIOSSoftwareRelease12.3(7)T,
withafixedFastEthernetinterface,aWIC-2A/Sserial
interfacecard,andanNM-1EEthernetinterface
C2811ISRbundlewithPVDM2,CMME,aWIC-2T,FXSand
FXOVICs,running12.4(3g)IOS
C2821ISRBundlewithHWICD9ESW,aWIC-2A/S,running
12.4(16)AdvancedSecurityIOS
WS-C3560-24-EMICatalystswitch,running12.2(25)SEIOS
WS-C3550-24-EMICatalystswitch,running12.1(9)EA1c
IOS
WS-C2960-24TT-LCatalystswitch,running12.2(25)SEIOS
WS-C2950-12Catalystswitch,runningversionC2950C3.0(5.3)WC(1)EnterpriseEditionsoftware


C17601FEVE4SLOTDVMainboardPortadapterwith
PVDM2,CMME,WIC-2A/S,WIC-4ESW,MOD1700-VPNwith
32F/128Drunningc1700-bk9no3r2sy7-mz.124-15.T1
C17511FEVEDVMainboardwithWIC-4ESW,MOD1700VPNwith16F/64Drunningc1700-advsecurityk9-mz.124-5a
Cisco3640with32F/128DRAMmemory,3Ethernet
interfaces,2-WIC-1Trunningc3640-jk9o3s-mz.124-12a
Cisco4402WirelessLANController
Cisco1131LWAP
CiscoWirelessControlSystem,version4.2.62.0runningon
aMicrosoftWindowsServer2003EnterpriseEdition
Thesedeviceswerenotrunningthelatestandgreatestversions
ofIOS.Someofitisquiteold.
ThoseofyoufamiliarwithCiscodeviceswillrecognizethata
majorityofthesecommandsworkacrosstheentirerangeofthe
Ciscoproductline.Thesecommandsarenotlimitedtothe
platformsandIOSversionslisted.Infact,thesedevicesarein
mostcasesadequateforsomeonetocontinuetheirstudies
beyondtheCCNPlevelaswell.

WhoShouldReadThisBook
ThisbookisforthosepeoplepreparingfortheCCNPONTexam,
whetherthroughselfstudy,on-the-jobtrainingandpractice,
studywithintheCiscoAcademyProgram,orstudythroughthe
useofaCiscoTrainingPartner.Italsoincludessomehandy
hintsandtipsalongthewaytohopefullymakelifeabiteasier
foryouinthisendeavor.Thebookissmallenoughthatyouwill
finditeasytocarryaroundwithyou.Bigheavytextbooks
mightlookimpressiveonyourbookshelfinyouroffice,butcan
youreallycarrythemallaroundwithyouwhenyouareworking
insomeserverroomorequipmentclosetsomewhere?


OrganizationofThisBook
ThisbookfollowsthelistofobjectivesfortheCCNPONTexam:
Chapter1,"NetworkDesignRequirements,"offersan
overviewofthetwodifferentdesignmodelsfromCisco:the
Service-OrientedNetworkArchitectureandtheEnterprise
CompositeNetworkModel.
Chapter2,"CiscoVoIPImplementations,"describeshowto
setupCiscoUnifiedCommunicationsManagerExpress
(CME)usingtheCLI,howtousetheCLIforCMEautoconfiguration,howtoinstallIPCommunicator,andhowto
changecodecsusingtheCLI.
Chapter3,"IntroductiontoIPQoS,"describeshowto
configureQoSthroughtheCLI,usingModularQoSCLI
(MQC)forimplementingQoS,implementingQoSusing
AutoQoS,andimplementingandmonitoringQoSusing
CiscoSecurityDeviceManager(SDM).
Chapter4,"ImplementingDiffServ,"describeshowtouse
Network-BasedApplicationRecognition(NBAR)for
classification,configuringPriorityQueuing(PQ),configuring
CustomQueuing(CQ),configuringWeightedFairQueuing
(WQ),configuringClass-basedWeightedFairQueuing
(CBWFQ),configuringLowLatencyQueuing(LLQ),
configuringLLQwithClass-BasedWeightedRandomEarly
Detection(CBWRED),configuringtrafficpolicingand
shaping,andimplementingQoSpreclassify.
Chapter5,"AutoQoS,"includestopicssuchasthephasesof
AutoQoS,locationswhereAutoQoScanbeimplemented,
routerconsiderationsandprerequisites,anddeploying
AutoQoSonbothroutersandIOS-basedCatalystswitches.
Chapter6,"WirelessScalability,"includestopicssuchas
configuringwirelessLANQoSusingtheCLI,configuring
encryptionandauthenticationonlightweightaccesspoints,


andworkingwithCiscowirelesscontrolsystems.

DidWeMissAnything?
Aseducators,wearealwaysinterestedtohearhowour
students,andnowreadersofourbooks,doonbothvendor
examsandfuturestudies.Ifyouwouldliketocontacteitherof
usandletusknowhowthisbookhelpedyouinyour
certificationgoals,pleasedoso.Didwemissanything?Letus
know.Contactusatccnpguide@empson.ca.


Chapter1.NetworkDesign
Requirements
Thischapterprovidesinformationconcerningthefollowing
topics:
CiscoService-OrientedNetworkArchitecture
CiscoEnterpriseCompositeNetworkModel
NocommandsareassociatedwiththismoduleoftheCCNPONT
courseobjectives.

CiscoService-OrientedNetwork
Architecture
Figure1-1showstheCiscoService-OrientedNetwork
Architecture(SONA)framework.
Figure1-1.CiscoSONAFramework
[Viewfullsizeimage]



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