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Sybex solaris 9 sun certified system administrator study guide aug 2003 ISBN 0782141811

Solaris9:SunCertified
SystemAdministrator
StudyGuide
ISBN:0782141811
byQuentin
Docter
Sybex©2003(597pages)
ThisguidecoverspartsI&II
oftheSunCertifiedSystem
AdministratorforSolaris9
exams:310-014and310015andprovidesin-depth
coverageofallexam
objectivesalongwith
practicalinsightsdrawnfrom
realworldexperience.
TableofContents
Solaris9—SunCertifiedSystemAdministratorStudyGuide
Introduction
PartI-Solaris9SunCertifiedSystemAdministrator

Chapter1

Chapter2
Chapter3
Chapter4
Chapter5
Chapter6
Chapter7
Chapter8
Chapter9

- IntroductiontoSolaris9
- Installation
- SystemInitializationandShutdown
- UserandGroupAdministration
- Files,Directories,andSecurity
- DeviceandDiskManagement
- FileSystemManagement
- ManagingPrintersandControllingProcesses
- SystemBackupsandRestores


PartII-Solaris9SunCertifiedSystemAdministrator

Chapter10 - TheSolarisNetworkingEnvironment
Chapter11 - VirtualFileSystemsandNFS
Chapter12 - ManagingStorageVolumes
Chapter13 - AdvancedSecurityConcepts
Chapter14 - AuditingandSystemMessaging
Chapter15 - NamingServices
Chapter16 - AdvancedInstallationProcedures
Glossary
Index
ListofFigures
ListofTables
ListofSidebars


BackCover
Here’sthebookyouneedtoprepareforSun’sSolaris9
SystemAdministratorExams.ThisStudyGuide
provides:
Assessmenttestingtofocusanddirectyourstudies
In-depthcoverageofallofficialexamobjectives
Authoritativecoverageofallexamobjectives,
including:
Installationplanningandsoftwaremanagement
Understandingfileanddirectoryconcepts
Managingpatchesandshells
Performingsystembootprocedures
Managinguserandsecurityadministration
Handlingnetworkprintersandsystemprocesses
Developingsystembackupsstrategiesandrestores
Usingandconfiguringnetworkfilesand
implementingserverprocesses
Managingvirtualfilesystems,coredumps,and
storagevolumes
Controllingaccessandconfiguringsystem
messaging
Implementingnamingservices
Performingadvancedinstallationprocedures
UsingandtroubleshootingaJumpStartserver
AbouttheAuthor
QuentinDocter,SCSA,MCSE,CNE,Server+,andA+,
isa9-yearITindustryveteran.Hehasworkedasa


MasterTechnicalInstructorandLeadCurriculum
Developer,aconsultant,andaseniorNetwork
Administrator.Heisnowworkingasafull-time
technicalwriter,author,andconsultantinMurray,
Utah.




Solaris9-SunCertifiedSystemAdministrator
StudyGuide
QuentinDocter

SanFrancisco*London
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atSybexareproudofthereputationwe'veestablishedforproviding
certificationcandidateswiththepracticalknowledgeandskillstheyneed
tosucceedinthehighlycompetitiveITmarketplace.
SundevelopedtheSunCertifiedSystemAdministratorfortheSolaris9
OperatingEnvironmentcertificationforadministratorstaskedwith
performingessentialproceduresontheSolarisOEandtechnicalsupport
staffresponsibleforadministeringanetworkedserverrunningonthe
SolarisOE.CertCities.comrecentlyincludedthiscertificationinitslistof
the"10HottestCertificationsfor2003."
ThisSolaris9:SunCertifiedSystemAdministratorStudyGuidewas
developedtohelpyouoptimizelearningandretentionoftopicsyoucan
expecttobetestedon,bothintheexamsandinreallife.Ithasalways
beenSybex'smissiontoteachindividualshowtoutilizetechnologiesin
therealworld,nottosimplyfeedthemanswerstotestquestions.Justas
Suniscommittedtoestablishingmeasurablestandardsforprofessionals
whoworkwiththeSolarisoperatingenvironment,Sybexiscommittedto
providingthoseprofessionalswiththemeansofacquiringtheskillsand
knowledgetheyneedtomeetthosestandards.
TheSybexteamofauthors,editors,andtechnicalreviewershasworked
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pedagogicallysound.We'reconfidentthatthisbook,alongwiththe
collectionofcutting-edgesoftwarestudytoolsincludedontheCD,will
meetandexceedthedemandingstandardsofthecertification
marketplaceandhelpyou,theSolaris9SCSAexamcandidate,succeed


inyourendeavors.
GoodluckinpursuitofyourSolaris9certification!

NeilEdde
AssociatePublisher-Certification
Sybex,Inc.
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talentsandpassionformusicwiththerestofus.


Introduction
Thereishighdemandforprofessionalsintheinformationtechnology(IT)
industry,andbecauseSolarisisthemostwidelyusedUNIX
implementationintheworld,Solariscertificationsareveryworthwhileto
obtain.Youhavemadetherightdecisiontopursuecertification,because
beingSolariscertifiedwillgiveyouadistinctadvantageinthishighly
competitivemarket.
Solaris9isSunMicrosystems'latestversionoftheirpopularUNIX-based
operatingenvironment.Sun'sfirstoperatingsystemwasreleasedas
SunOSin1983,basedonBSDUNIX.Throughouttheyears,SunOS
wentthroughmanytransformations,mostrecentlywiththereleaseof
Solaris9in2002.
SunMicrosystemsisknownfortheirinnovativeandreliablehardware
(namelytheSPARCprocessor)aswellastheirSolarisoperating
environment.Becauseoftheirlargeandloyaluserbase,andtheir
willingnesstotakecalculatedchancestoremainontop,Sunispoisedto
remainanindustryleaderforyearstocome.
Thisbookisintendedtohelpyouonyourexcitingpathtowardbecoming
aSunCertifiedSystemAdministratorfortheSolaris9Operating
Environment.BasicknowledgeofSolarisisanadvantagewhenreading
thisbookbutisnotmandatory.UsingthisbookandtheSolarisoperating
environment,youcanstartlearningSolarisandpasstheCX-310-014:
SunCertifiedSystemAdministratorfortheSolaris9Operating
Environment,PartI,andtheCX-310-015:SunCertifiedSystem
AdministratorfortheSolaris9OperatingEnvironment,PartII,exams.

WhyBecomeaSunCertifiedSystemAdministrator?
ThenumberonereasontobecomeanSCSAistogainmorevisibilityand
greateraccesstosomeoftheindustry'smostchallengingopportunities.
Solariscertificationisthebestwaytodemonstrateyourknowledgeand
skillsintheSolarisoperatingenvironment.Thecertificationtestsarea
combinationofmultiplechoice,matching,andfill-in-the-blankquestions.
TheytestyourknowledgeofSolariscommandsandcomponents,aswell


asyourunderstandingofsystemadministrationprinciples.
Certificationisproofofyourknowledgeandshowsthatyouhavethe
skillsrequiredtosupportSolaris.SunMicrosystems'certificationprogram
canhelpacompanytoidentifyprovenperformerswhohave
demonstratedtheirskillsandwhocansupportthecompany'sinvestment
inbothSunMicrosystems'hardwareandsoftware.Itdemonstratesthat
youhaveasolidunderstandingofyourjobroleandtheSunproducts
usedinthatrole.
SCSAsarehighlyrespectedandwellpaidintheITindustry.Although
theremightbeasignificantnumberofITprofessionalscertifiedinother
networkoperatingsystems,Solaris-certifiedandotherUNIX-certified
professionalsarestillinveryhighdemand.
So,whetheryouarebeginningacareer,changingcareers,securingyour
presentposition,orseekingtorefineandpromoteyourposition,thisbook
isforyou!


SunMicrosystemsCertifications
SunMicrosystemsoffersavarietyofcertificationstohelpyou
demonstrateyourexpertiseinseveralfunctionalareas.Thereare
currentlyfourcertificationareas:SolarisOperatingEnvironment,Java
Technology,SunONEMiddleware,andNetworkStorage.
RepresentativesfromSunMicrosystemshaveannouncedplansfora
securitycertificationtobereleasedin2003.
Note Forthelatestcertificationinformation,visittheSuncertification
pageathttp://suned.sun.com/US/certification/.
SolarisOperatingEnvironment
TheSolarisoperatingenvironmentisthepremierUNIX-basednetwork
operatingenvironmentavailableintheworldtoday.Manycompanies
swearbySunhardwareandsoftware,becauseoftheirhighreliability,
availability,security,andscalability.Suniscommittedtomeetingtoday's
networkingdemands,whileanticipatingtomorrow'sinnovations.
SunofferstwocertificationtracksfortheSolarisoperatingenvironment:
SunCertifiedSystemAdministratorandSunCertifiedNetwork
Administrator.BothofthesetracksarecurrentlyofferedfortheSolaris7,
Solaris8,andSolaris9OperatingEnvironments.Becausethisbook
focusesonSolaris9,detailedinformationwillbeprovidedforonlythis
track.AttainingcertificationsinSolaris7andSolaris8isaverysimilar
processtothatofSolaris9.
TheSunCertifiedSystemAdministratorcertificationisforsystem
administratorswhoperformsystemadministrationfunctionsonSolaris
clientandservercomputers.InordertobecomecertifiedasaSun
CertifiedSystemAdministratorinSolaris9,youmustpasstwoexams:
SunCertifiedSystemAdministratorfortheSolaris9Operating
Environment,PartI(CX-310-014)
SunCertifiedSystemAdministratorfortheSolaris9Operating
Environment,PartII(CX-310-015)


MostpeoplefindthePartIIexamtobemoredifficult,andit'spossibleto
seequestionsfromPartIobjectivesonthePartIItest.Ifyouarealready
certifiedasasystemadministratorforapreviousversionoftheSolaris
operatingenvironment,youcantakeanupgradeexaminsteadofthetwo
exams:
SunCertifiedSystemAdministratorfortheSolaris9Operating
EnvironmentUpgradeExam(CX-310-016)
TheSunCertifiedNetworkAdministratorexamisforindividualswhoare
orwillberesponsibleformanagingSuncomputersinanetworked
environment.TobecomeaSunCertifiedNetworkAdministrator,youmust
firstbecomeaSunCertifiedSystemAdministrator.Afteryouhave
attainedthatstatus,youneedonlyonemoreexamtobecomeaNetwork
Administrator:
SunCertifiedNetworkAdministratorfortheSolaris9Operating
Environment(CX-310-044)
Atthe
http://suned.sun.com/US/certification/solaris/sysadmin.html
website,therearefreesampleexams,aswellasfull-lengthpractice
examsavailableforpurchase.
JavaTechnology
Javatechnologyhastakenthecomputerindustrybystormandappears
poisedtoremainaforceforquitesometime.Ifyou'reaJavadeveloper,
youshouldconsiderobtainingaJavacertification.SunoffersfourJava
certifications:
SunCertifiedProgrammerfortheJava2Platform
SunCertifiedDeveloperfortheJava2Platform
SunCertifiedWebComponentDeveloperfortheJava2Platform,
EnterpriseEdition(J2EE)
SunCertifiedEnterpriseArchitectforJ2EETechnology.


Formoreinformation,goto
http://suned.sun.com/US/certification/java/index.html
andchoosethecertificationyouareinterestedin.
SunONEMiddleware
SunOpenNetEnvironment(ONE)isSun'ssoftwareforbuildingand
deployingServicesonDemand.Becauseofitsscalabilityandreliability,it
hasaplaceincurrenttraditionalsoftwaresettingsaswellasadvanced
web-basedapplications.
SunprovidesbothdeveloperandengineercertificationsforSunONE:
SunCertifiedDeveloperforSunONEApplicationServer6.0
SunCertifiedEngineerforSunONEDirectoryServer5.x
Formoreinformation,see
http://suned.sun.com/US/certification/middleware/index.htmland
choosethecertificationyouareinterestedin.
NetworkStorage
ForITprofessionalswhohaveextensivestoragemanagementneeds,
suchasthosewhouseVERITASVolumeManager,VERITASBackup,
SolsticeDiskSuite,orSolsticeBackup,Sunoffersthreestorage
technologycertifications:
SunCertifiedDataManagementEngineer
SunCertifiedBackupandRecoveryEngineer
SunCertifiedStorageArchitect
Formoreinformation,goto
http://suned.sun.com/US/certification/storage/index.html
andchoosethecertificationyouareinterestedin.
MoreInformation


ThemostcurrentinformationaboutSuncertificationscanbefoundat
http://suned.sun.com/US/certification/.Followthe
Certificationlinkandchoosethecertificationpaththatyouareinterested
in.Testobjectivesareavailableonthewebsite,andkeepinmindthat
theycanchangeatanytimewithoutnotice.

SkillsRequiredforSCSACertification
TopassthePartIcertificationexam,youneedtomasterthefollowing
skillareas:
Managingfilesystems
Installingsoftware
Performingsystembootprocedures
Performinguserandsecurityadministration
Managingnetworkprintersandsystemprocesses
Performingsystembackupsandrestores
TopassthePartIIcertificationexam,youneedtomasterthefollowing
skillareas:
Describingnetworkbasics
Managingvirtualfilesystemsandcoredumps
Managingstoragevolumes
Controllingaccessandconfiguringsystemmessaging
Settingupnamingservices
Performingadvancedinstallationprocedures
Thecompletelistofspecificobjectivesisonthetear-outcardincludedat
thefrontofthisbook.Atthebeginningofeachchapter,you'llalsoseea
listofwhichobjectiveswillbecovered.It'squitealaundrylistofthingsto


know.Butthisbookisheretohelpyou.

Note Examobjectivesaresubjecttochangeatanytimeandwithoutpriornoticea
Sun'sdiscretion,sobesuretocheckthewebsite
(http://suned.sun.com/US/certification/objectives/index.
forthemostup-to-dateobjectivelist.

TipsforTakingtheSCSAExams
Usethefollowingtipstohelpyouprepareforandpasseachexam.
Youdonotneedtocompletebothtestsinonesitting.Evenifyou
arepreparedtotakebothexams,it'susuallybesttotakethemon
separatedayssoyouarefreshforeachexam.
ThePartIexamhas57questions,andthePartIIexamhas58
questions.Youwillhave105minutestocompleteeachtest.Plan
accordinglysothatyoudonotrunoutoftime.
Manyquestionsontheexamhaveanswerchoicesthatatfirst
glancelookidentical.Readthequestionscarefully.Donotjust
jumptoconclusions.Makesurethatyouclearlyunderstand
exactlywhateachquestionasks.
Youneedtobeabletoidentifywhat'simportantandwhat'snot
importantinatestquestion.Questionwriterswillinclude
extraneousinformationinthequestiontothrowyouoff.Ifsomeof
theinformationpresenteddoesn'tseemtofitwiththeother
information,itmightnotberelevant.
Someofthequestionswillrequirefill-in-the-blankanswers.
Rememberthatcase-sensitivityisimportantwhentyping
directorypaths,commands,andcommandoptions.
Donotleaveanyquestionsunanswered.Thereisnonegative
scoring.Afterselectingananswer,youcanmarkadifficult
questionoronethatyou'reunsureofandcomebacktoitlater.
Whenansweringquestionsthatyouarenotsureabout,usea


processofeliminationtogetridoftheobviouslyincorrect
answersfirst.Doingthisgreatlyimprovesyouroddsifyouneed
tomakeaneducatedguess.
Ifyou'renotsureofyouranswer,markitforreviewandthenlook
forotherquestionsthatmayhelpyoueliminateanyincorrect
answers.Attheendofthetest,youcangobackandreviewthe
questionsthatyoumarkedforreview.

WhereDoYouTaketheExam?
YoucantakeSolarisexamsatanyofthemorethan800Thompson
PrometricAuthorizedTestingCentersaroundtheworld.Forthelocation
ofatestingcenternearyou,call1-800-891-3926.OutsidetheUnited
StatesandCanada,contactyourlocalThompsonPrometricRegistration
Center.
InordertoregisterwithThompsonPrometric,youmustfirstpurchasean
examvoucherfromSun.Todothis,callSunTrainingat1-800-422-8020.
Examvouchersarenonrefundable,mustbeusedwithinoneyearofthe
purchasedate,andcanbeusedonlyonce.Afteryouhaveyourexam
vouchernumber,youcanregisterforthetestwithThompsonPrometric.
ToregisterforaproctoredSunCertifiedSystemAdministratorexamata
ThompsonPrometrictestcenter:
Determinethenumberoftheexamyouwanttotake.
RegisterwithThompsonPrometriconlineat
http://www.2test.comorinNorthAmerica,bycalling1-800891-EXAM(800-891-3926).Atthispoint,youwillbeaskedfor
yourexamvouchernumber.
Whenyouscheduletheexam,you'llgetinstructionsregardingall
appointmentandcancellationprocedures,theIDrequirements,
andinformationaboutthetesting-centerlocation.
Youcanscheduleexamsuptosixweeksinadvanceorassoonasone
workingdaybeforethedayyouwishtotakeit.Ifsomethingcomesup


andyouneedtocancelorrescheduleyourexamappointment,contact
ThompsonPrometricatleast24hoursinadvance.


WhatDoesThisBookCover?
ThisbookprovidesdetailstohelpyoulearnabouttheSolaris9Operating
Environmentandtohelpyoupasstwoexams:SunCertifiedSystem
AdministratorfortheSolaris9OperatingEnvironment,PartI(CX-310014),andSunCertifiedSystemAdministratorfortheSolaris9Operating
Environment,PartII(CX-310-015).Afterpassingbothexams,youwillbe
aSunCertifiedSystemAdministratorfortheSolaris9Operating
Environment.ThisbookstartswiththebasicsofSolarisanddivesinto
detailveryquickly.Becausetherearetwoexams,thisbookhastwo
parts.Chapters1through9coverthePartIexam,andChapters10
through16coverthePartIIexam.Eachchapterbeginswithalistof
examobjectives.
Chapter1.Startswiththebasicfundamentalsandconceptscentraltothe
Solaris9OperatingEnvironment.
Chapter2.Coversinstallations,includinginstallingtheentireoperating
system,softwarepackages,andsoftwarepatches.
Chapter3.DescribeshowtoproperlybootandshutdownaSolaris
computer,includingusingtheOpenBootPROM.
Chapter4.Explainshowtomanageuseraccountsandgroups.
Chapter5.Exploresfileanddirectorystructure,aswellasSolarisfile
systemsecurity.
Chapter6.Examinesthemanagementofsystemdevicesandharddisks.
Chapter7.Providesdetailsonfilesystemmanagement,includingthe
typesoffilesystemsavailableinSolaris.
Chapter8.Discussesthemanagementofprintersandprocesses.
Chapter9.Explainstheprocessesforcreatingsystembackupsand
restoringthosebackups.
Chapter10.Thisbeginsthesecondpartofthebook,coveringthesecond


exam,anddiscussestheSolarisnetworkingenvironment.
Chapter11.Examinesdetailsaboutvirtualfilesystems,NFS,andcore
dumps.
Chapter12.Coversstoragevolumes,includingRAIDandtheSolaris
VolumeManager.
Chapter13.IntroducesadvancedsecurityconceptssuchasAccess
ControlListsandrole-basedaccesscontrol.
Chapter14.Exploresauditingandsystemmessaging.
Chapter15.Describesnamingservicessuchaslocalfiles,NIS,NIS+,
DNS,andLDAP.
Chapter16.ExplainsthecustomJumpStartandWebStartFlash
installationmethods.
EachchapterendswithReviewQuestionsthatarespecificallydesigned
tohelpyouseewhatyourememberandtoretaintheknowledge
presented.Toensurethatyouunderstandthematerial,readandanswer
eachquestioncarefully.

HowtoUseThisBook
Thisbookcanprovideasolidfoundationfortheseriouseffortof
preparingfortheSCSAcertification.Tobestbenefitfromthisbook,use
thefollowingstudymethod:
1. TaketheAssessmentTestimmediatelyfollowingthis
introduction.(Theanswersareattheendofthetest.)Carefully
readovertheexplanationsforanyquestionsyougetwrongand
notewhichchaptersthematerialcomesfrom.Thisinformation
shouldhelpyouplanyourstudystrategy.
2. Studyeachchaptercarefully,makingsurethatyoufully
understandtheinformationandthetestobjectiveslistedatthe
beginningofeachchapter.Payextracloseattentiontoany
chapterrelatedtoquestionsyoumissedintheAssessment


Test.
3. Workthroughallproceduresdetailedinthechapter,referringto
thechaptersothatyouunderstandthereasonforeachstep
youtake.IfyoudonothaveaSolaris9installationavailable,
youwillbeatadisadvantage,sobesuretostudyall
proceduresandscreenoutputcarefully.AnswertheReview
Questionsrelatedtothatchapter.(Theanswersappearatthe
endofeachchapter,afterthe"ReviewQuestions"section.)
4. Notethequestionsthatconfuseortrickyou,andstudythose
sectionsofthebookagain.
5. Beforetakingtheexam,tryyourhandatthetwoBonusExams
thatareincludedontheCDthatcomeswiththisbook.There
aretwoBonusExamsforbothPartIandPartII.Thequestions
ontheseexamsappearonlyontheCD.Thiswillgiveyoua
completeoverviewofwhatyoucanexpecttoseeonthereal
test.
6. RemembertousetheproductsontheCDincludedwiththis
book.Theelectronicflashcardsexampreparationsoftwarehas
beenspecificallydesignedtohelpyoustudyforandpassyour
exam.TheelectronicflashcardscanbeusedonyourWindows
computeroronyourPalmdevice.
Tolearnallthematerialcoveredinthisbook,you'llneedtoapplyyourself
regularlyandwithdiscipline.Trytosetasidethesametimeperiodevery
daytostudy,andselectacomfortableandquietplacetodoso.Ifyou
workhard,youwillbesurprisedathowquicklyyoulearnthismaterial.All
thebest!

What'sontheCD?
Wehaveworkedhardtoprovidesomereallygreattoolstohelpyouwith
yourcertificationprocess.Allofthefollowingtoolsshouldbeloadedon
yourworkstationwhenyou'restudyingforthetest.
InteractiveTestingSoftwarewithHundredsofSampleQuestions


Youwillfindallofthequestionsfromthebook,plustwoBonusExams
thatappearexclusivelyontheCD.YoucantaketheAssessmentTest,
testyourselfbychapter,takeoneorbothoftheBonusExams,ortakean
examrandomlygeneratedfromallofthequestions.
ElectronicFlashcardsforPCandPalmDevices
AfteryoureadtheSolaris9:SunCertifiedSystemAdministratorStudy
Guide,readtheReviewQuestionsattheendofeachchapterandstudy
theBonusExamsincludedontheCD.Butwait,there'smore!Test
yourselfwiththeflashcardsincludedontheCD.Ifyoucangetthrough
thesedifficultquestionsandunderstandtheanswers,you'llknowthat
you'rereadyfortheexam.
Theflashcardsinclude150questionsspecificallywrittentohityouhard
andmakesureyouarereadyfortheexam.Thereareseparate
flashcardsforthePartIandPartIIexams.BetweentheReview
Questions,BonusExams,andflashcards,youshouldbemorethan
preparedfortheexam.
Solaris9:SunCertifiedSystemAdministratorStudyGuideinPDF
SybexisnowofferingthisSolariscertificationbookontheCDsoyoucan
readthebookonyourPCorlaptop.ItisinAdobeAcrobatformat.
AcrobatReader5isalsoincludedontheCD.Thiswillbeextremely
helpfultoreaderswhoflyorcommuteonabusortrainanddon'twantto
carryabook,aswellastoreaderswhofinditmorecomfortablereading
fromtheircomputer.


HowtoContacttheAuthor
YoucanreachQuentinDocterbye-mailinghimat
.


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