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TỪ VỰNG 20 CHỦ đề TRONG IELTS SPEAKING

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TỪ VỰNG 20 CHỦ ĐỀ TRONG IELTS SPEAKING
20 chủ đề SPEAKING
1. IELTS Holiday Vocabulary ................................................................................ 3
2. IELTS Relationships Vocabulary ....................................................................... 7
3. IELTS Technology Vocabulary ........................................................................ 10
4. IELTS Sports Vocabulary ................................................................................ 14
5. IELTS Food Vocabulary .................................................................................. 18
6. IELTS Education Vocabulary .......................................................................... 22
7. IELTS Work Vocabulary ................................................................................. 26
8. IELTS Health Vocabulary................................................................................ 30
9. IELTS Books and Films Vocabulary ................................................................. 34
10. IELTS Accommodation Vocabulary .............................................................. 38
11. IELTS Clothes & Fashion Vocabulary ............................................................ 42
12. IELTS Personality Vocabulary....................................................................... 46
13. IELTS Business Vocabulary........................................................................... 50
14. IELTS Physical Appearance Vocabulary ........................................................ 54

15. IELTS Town and City Vocabulary .................................................................. 58
16. IELTS Music Vocabulary ............................................................................... 62
17. IELTS Weather Vocabulary .......................................................................... 65
18. IELTS Shopping Vocabulary.......................................................................... 69
19. IELTS Environment Vocabulary ................................................................... 73
20. IELTS Advertising Vocabulary ...................................................................... 77

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Tổng hợp từ vựng theo 22 chủ đề thường gặp trong IELTS Speaking
Cách sử dụng từ vựng áp dụng vào từng Part cụ thể
Bài mẫu Speaking cho từng Topic riêng
Nguồn: www.ieltsspeaking.co.uk
Tổng hợp: Giáo viên - IELTS Fighter

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1. IELTS Holiday Vocabulary

You probably know the meaning of individual words like ‘flight’, ‘tour’ and
‘view’. However, the key to showcasing your advanced English is to show you are
able to use these individual words in combination with other words to form set
phrases and expressions.
Read the following IELTS-style questions and answers below and pay attention to
the phrases in bold. Use the ‘Definitions’ section at the bottom of the page to
check the meaning of any phrases you don’t understand.
Part 1-style questions
Examiner: What kind of holiday do you like?


Miguel: I try to avoid tourist traps … I like to get away from it all and prefer
going somewhere off the beaten track … last year I had the holiday of a
lifetime … a two week wildlife safari in Kenya.
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Examiner: What do you like to do when you’re on holiday?
Anna: I enjoy visiting the local places of interest … I like to go sightseeing and
always sign up for guided tours as it’s a chance to be shown around and take
photographs … one of my my hobbies.
Examiner: Do you have many tourists in your country?
Amy: Yes … we have a lot of holiday resorts along the coast that are popular with
tourists … most people come on package holidays and stay in one of the many
hotels and self-cateringapartments.
Part 2-style task
Describe a beautiful place you once visited. You should say:




when you went to this place
where it was
who you went with

and say why you liked it so much.
Sally: A few years ago I went on a long weekend to the Lake District in the UK …
it’s a very popular holiday destination in the north of England … I went on my
own and had a wonderful time … I stayed in a youth hostel and met some really
nice people … but the most memorable thing about the holiday were
the breathtaking views … and lovely picturesque villages … it can get very busy
with hordes of tourists so I decided to go out of season in the autumn … the
weather was fantastic and the shops were full of local crafts … a really great
holiday … it’s certainly not the kind of short break for someone looking for a
busy nightlife but if you want to relax in the middle of stunning landscape I
would certainly recommend a holiday to the Lake District.
Part 3-style questions
Examiner: What do you think has led to the growth in the tourism industry?
Miguel: It’s much easier and affordable to travel now … nowadays you can get
cheap charter-flights or all-in packages … to somewhere near or to a far-off
destination.

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Examiner: How do people tend to choose a destination?
Anna: The Internet is a great source of information and high street travel
agents are still very popular … that’s where I like to go to get holiday
brochures for the place I’m interested in.
Examiner: People sometimes say flying is the most glamorous form of travel. Do
you agree?
Amy: I’m not so sure really … flying can be quite boring … queuing up at
the check-in desk … going through passport control … sitting for ages in
the departure lounge … then the flight itself can be quite uncomfortable … no …
I’m not sure I agree.
Definitions





















all-in package/package holiday: a holiday where you purchase the travel
and accommodation together
breathtaking view: an extremely beautiful view
charter-flight: a cheaper form of flying than a scheduled flight
check-in desk: the place at the airport where you register for your flight and
deposit your luggage
departure lounge: where you wait for your flight to be called
far-off destination: somewhere a long way away
to get away from it all: to take a holiday to escape a busy or stressful
lifestyle
guided tour: an organised group shown around a place of interest by an
expert
holiday brochure: a glossy publication with details of holiday packages
holiday destination: where you go for a holiday
holiday of a lifetime: a special holiday that you are unlikely to repeat
holiday resort: a place where lots of people go for a holiday
hordes of tourists: crowds of tourists
local crafts: objects produced locally
long weekend: an extended weekend holiday including Friday or Monday
out of season: outside of the main holiday period
picturesque village: very pretty village
passport control: the place where your passport is checked
places of interest: sites of interest to tourists
wildlife safari: a holiday, often in Africa, to observe wild animals
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self-catering: a holiday where you supply your own food
short break: a short holiday
to go sightseeing: to look around the tourist sites
stunning landscape: extremely beautiful countryside
travel agent: a shop that specialises in booking holidays
tourist trap: somewhere where too many tourists go
youth hostel: a cheap form of accommodation

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2. IELTS Relationships Vocabulary

Read the following IELTS-style questions and answers below and pay attention to
the phrases in bold. Use the ‘Definitions’ section at the bottom of the page to
check the meaning of any phrases you don’t understand.
Part 1-style questions
Examiner: Do you see your friends very often?
Louisa: Yes … we meet up most weekends … we all get on really well and have a
lot in common so we’re always happy doing the same things and going to the
same places.
Examiner: What do you like about your close friends?
Anna: I think we enjoy each other’s company … we see eye-to-eye on most
things so we rarely fall out with each other.
Examiner: Have you known each other long?
Amy: Most of them yes … although my closest friend Carrie … we struck up a
relationship at college and got on like a house on fire … but yes … my other
friendships go back years to when we were at school.
Part 2-style task
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Describe a person you are very close to. You should say:




who this person is
when you met them
where you met them

and say what it is about them you like so much.
Reiko: I’d like to talk about my boyfriend … Jose … we got to know each other at
University almost 4 years ago … we were in the same department … initially we
were just good friends and used to go out in a group with our other friends …
when Jose went back to Spain for the holidays we would keep in touch with each
other … then one year he invited me to come to Spain with him … and that’s
when we fell for each other I think … so you couldn’t really say it was love at
first sight as it had been over a year since we’d met … but we really hit it off and
by the time we got back to university in September we were able to tell all our
friends that we were in a relationship… what do I like about Jose … well he’s
very kind … very funny … and very supportive … and we’re really well
matched in our interests … he hasn’t popped the question yet though … we’ve
talked about getting married and I think we’re both ready to settle down and have
children … we’ll just have to wait and see …
Part 3-style questions
Examiner: Do you think marriage is still as important as ever?
Cristine: Yes … it certainly is in my country … I think the problem for some
people is a lack of commitment … all relationships have their ups and downs ….
but some people prefer to break uprather than working at the relationship.
Examiner: What do you think is the ideal time to get married?
Terry: Personally … I think you should wait until you’ve found yourself first …
decided if you want a career … perhaps do some travelling … you should do this
before tying the knot … although if you fall head over heels in love plans like
these can easily be forgotten.
Examiner: Is it important to keep in contact with our friends when we’re in a
relationship?
Maria: Absolutely … it’s so easy to drift apart from your friends when you fall in
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love … but I think both partners should try not to lose touch with their friends …
that’s the best way to have a healthy relationship with your partner.
Definitions



























to break up: to end a romantic relationship
to drift apart: to become less close to someone
to enjoy someone’s company: to like spending time with someone
to fall for: to fall in love
to fall head over heels in love: to start to love someone a lot
to fall out with: to have a disagreement and stop being friends
to get on like a house on fire: to like someone’s company very much indeed
to get on well with: to understand someone and enjoy similar interests
to get to know: to begin to know someone
to go back years: to have known someone for a long time
to have a lot in common: to share similar interests
to have ups and downs: to have good and bad times
a healthy relationship: a good, positive relationship
to hit it off: to quickly become good friends with
to be in a relationship: to be romantically involved with someone
to be just good friends: to not be romantically involved
to keep in touch with: to keep in contact with
to lose touch with: to not see or hear from someone any longer
love at first sight: to fall in love immediately you meet someone
to pop the question: to ask someone to marry you
to see eye to eye: to agree on a subject
to settle down: to give up the single life and start a family
to strike up a relationship: to begin a friendship
to tie the knot: to get married
to be well matched: to be similar to
to work at a relationship: to try to maintain a positive relationship with
someone

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3. IELTS Technology Vocabulary

The subject of ‘Technology’ frequently comes up in the IELTS Speaking exam.
You may be asked to talk about something you own, your favourite websites, how
technology has impacted on education etc. You’ll need to show the examiner your
ability to express yourself using as wide a range of vocabulary as possible.
Read the following IELTS-style questions and answers below and pay attention to
the phrases in bold. Use the ‘Definitions’ section at the bottom of the page to
check the meaning of any phrases you don’t understand.
Part 1-style questions
Examiner: Do you enjoy using technology?
Stephan: Well … I wouldn’t call myself a techie or a computer buff but I enjoy
using computers … I’d like to find out more about how they work … when
my computer crashes I never know what to do.
Examiner: Do you use the Internet for your studies?
Sophie: Yes … I’d be lost without it … I do lots of video conferencing to practise
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speaking and social media like Facebook is a good way to meet up with other
students … and I download podcasts that teach English vocabulary and grammar.
Examiner: Do you have your own computer?
Tania: Yes … I have a Macbook Pro … I use it all the time … for word
processing … browsing websites and catching up with TV programmes I’ve
missed.
Part 2-style task
Describe an item of technology you have that is very important. You should say:




what the technology is
when you got it
how often you use it

and say how different your daily life would be without it.
Mattie: I don’t have many gadgets … just a computer … a laptop and my mobile
phone … but I’ll talk about my computer as it’s so useful … it’s funny really … 2
years ago I was still learning to use computers … how to use email … send
attachments how to access websites … then I decided to do a digital
editing course for video and photography … and so I bought the laptop when I
started the course … my husband had a desktop PC but it was very slow so I
decided to upgrade to a powerful one because we do a lot of video editing on the
course … it’s a high-spec laptop … very fast … the latest operating system …
it boots up really quickly and it’s fun to use so it makes working a pleasure …
I’ve become a competent computer user now … if I didn’t have it I daresay I’d
have to spend more time at college using their computers … but on the positive
side I suppose I’d read a lot more if I didn’t have it … I probably waste a lot of
time surfing the web … but hopefully I won’t have to be without it …
Part 3-style questions
Examiner: What do you think are the important things people need to learn when
they start using computers?
Alejandro: Well … there are things like how to use the Internet … how to enter a
web address … how to navigate websites … that kind of thing but it’s also
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important to know how to back upyour files in case your computer crashes … and
all about Internet security.
Examiner: What kind of technological developments have made the biggest impact
on our lives?
Faydene: In my lifetime it has to be the Internet of course but I also think wifi has
made a huge difference to how we interact with the Internet … wireless
networks at home and public wifi hotspots mean we can go online easily
… access our mail … log into our work intranet and basically be connected
wherever we are.
Examiner: Do computers make it much easier to study?
Jane: Definitely yes … researching information is much easier with the Internet ..
you can bookmark webpages for future reference and writing essays is much
easier … being able to cut and paste sections of text means you can experiment
with organisation … so yes … compared to years ago when you had a pile of
books on your desk and a pen and paper … it’s now much easier.
Definitions
















to access websites/email: to locate
to back up files: to make a copy of files in case of a computer problem
to boot up: to start a computer
to bookmark a webpage: to mark a webpage for future reference
to browse websites: to look at websites
a computer buff: an expert computer user
to crash: to suddenly stop working
to cut and paste: to move text or images from one place in a document to
another place
a desktop PC: a computer that isn’t portable and remains in situ on a desk
digital editing: to edit digital materials like audio or video files
download (podcasts): to save a copy of a file from the internet to your own
device
to enter a web address: to type the address of a website into the address bar
of your browser
a gadget: a technological tool like a mobile phone or camera
to go online: to start using the Internet
high-spec (laptop): powerful computer with top quality components
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Internet security: Internet safety
intranet: a network of connected computers within an organisation that is
not accessible by unauthorised visitors
to navigate a website: to find your way around a website
operating system: the software that tells the computer how to work
send an attachment: send an email with an accompanying file
social media: media used to interact with other people such as Facebook or
Twitter
to surf the web: to look at a series of websites one after the other
a techie: somebody who has an interest in technology
to upgrade: to obtain a more powerful or feature-rich computer or piece of
software
video conferencing: to see and hear people from different locations using
the Internet
wireless hotspot: a public place where you can access the Internet
wireless network: a network where users can access the Internet without the
use of fixed cables
word processing; producing written texts on a computer

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4. IELTS Sports Vocabulary

We all have a relationship with sport: we might watch it, play it or try our best to
avoid it. Because it’s such an important subject you may find yourself being asked
questions about sport in the IELTS Speaking exam.
Read the following IELTS-style questions and answers below and pay attention to
the phrases in bold. Use the ‘Definitions’ section at the bottom of the page to
check the meaning of any phrases you don’t understand.
Part 1-style questions
Examiner: Do you do any sports?
Loiuse: Not really … no … I always say I’m going to take up exercise and try to
get into shape but I never seem to get started … I sometimes wonder whether I
should get a personal trainer … someone who will sort out a fitness
programme for me and make me train hard ….
Examiner: How do you spend a typical weekend?
Stella: I’m a big football fan and weekends always centre around a football
match … I support FC Utrecht and have a season ticket so I go to most of
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the home games and quite a few of the away games too … I’m really looking
forward to the new football season starting soon …
Examiner: Have you got any hobbies or interests?
Theo: Yes … I’m really keen on sports … I do judo once a week and play
tennis in the summer … I think it’s really important to keep fit … it makes you
feel good and energised for work and your studies ….
Part 2-style task
Describe a place you like going to in your leisure time. You should say:




what this place is
when you go there
what you do there

and say why you enjoy it there so much.
Maurice: I’d like to talk about my local sports centre … it’s a place I spend a lot
of time in … it’s a new building with all the latest sports facilities … I probably
go there at least twice a week … sometimes more often … it’s a huge place …
there’s an outdoor athletics track and some football pitches … I play football so
I’m often out there … there are several indoor squash and tennis courts that I use
occasionally … a big swimming pool … although I don’t use that very often …
I’m not a very strong swimmer … there’s a gym … lots of things really … why
do I enjoy going there … it’s just a really fun place to be … there’s a good social
side to it all … you can enter competitions … meet up with other people who want
to do the same sports … and because there are so many activities on offer it gets
you interested in different things … for example I was listening to some people
talking about training to run the marathon and I’ve decided I might even think
about that … I go jogging a couple of times a week so it would give me something
to aim for … so yes … the sports centre … that’s the place I really like to visit …
Part 3-style questions
Examiner: Should people be encouraged more to take up sport?
Alejandro: I think young people should be given the chance to discover which
sport they might like … watching sport is sometimes a good way to get people
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started … not on TV but actually getting out … take athletics for example … they
could go to an athletics meeting … there are so many different sports on show
one might interest them …
Examiner: Why do some people enjoy participating in sport more than others?
Florrie: That’s a good question … I suppose some people are more concerned
about their health … they can’t stand the thought of being out of condition …
other people might be driven to excel … they want to set records or get personal
bests …
Examiner: Which sports do you think are best for people who aren’t used to
physical activity?
Julie: Well … I think people like this should avoid strenuous exercise so things
like circuit training are definitely out of the question … maybe just doing a brisk
walk every day … or swimming is always a good way to get started …
Definitions




















an athletics meeting: an event where various athletics sports are held
an athletics track: a running track
an away game: a football match played in the opposing teams stadium
a brisk walk: a fast walk
to do judo: (not go or play)
a football fan: someone who likes football
a fitness programme: a schedule of activities to keep fit
a football match: a game of football
a football pitch: the surface on which you play football (as opposed to a
stadium, which is the building)
a football season: a period in the year when football is played
to get into shape: to become fit
to go jogging: to run around the streets
a home game: a football match played in the teams own stadium
to keep fit: to stay in good physically condition
to be out of condition: to not be physically fit
a personal best: to achieve the best personal result so far in a sport
a personal trainer: a sports coach that helps you on a one-to-one basis
to play tennis/football: (not do or go)
to run the marathon: to run a distance of 42.195 Kilometres
P a g e 16 | 80


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a season ticket: a ticket that gives you entry to most of a team’s home games
during the sporting year.
to set a record: to achieve the best result in a sport
a sports centre: a public building where people can do various sports
sports facilities: the equipment and services needed to do a sport
a squash/tennis/badminton court: the surface where you play these sports
strenuous exercise: exercise that needs a lot of physical effort
a strong swimmer: a good swimmer
a swimming pool: the place where you swim
to take up exercise: to start doing exercise
to train hard: to train with a lot of effort

P a g e 17 | 80


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5. IELTS Food Vocabulary

The topic of food often comes up in the IELTS Speaking exam. You might be
asked questions about what you like to eat, your favourite restaurants or about a
popular dish in your country.
Read the following IELTS-style questions and answers below and pay attention to
the phrases in bold. Use the ‘Definitions’ section at the bottom of the page to
check the meaning of any phrases you don’t understand.
Part 1-style questions
Examiner: Do you like to cook?
Mandy: Not really no … most of the time I eat ready meals and take-aways …
that’s one of the reasons I love visiting my mum … you can always guarantee
lovely home-cooked food …

P a g e 18 | 80


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Examiner: What time do you usually eat dinner?
Michelle: We have our main meal at around 7.00 … I’m usually starving
hungry by then … in fact I often grab a bite to eat as soon as I get home from
college … a sandwich perhaps … but not too much to spoil my appetite …
Examiner: Are there any types of food you don’t like?
Lionel: No not really … I’m not a fussy eater at all … actually I eat like a
horse … I do a lot of sport and work up quite an appetite …
Part 2-style task
Describe a restaurant that you like to use. You should say




where this restaurant is
what kind of food it serves
how often you go there

and say why you like eating there so much.
Howard: OK … this is a nice topic to talk about … there’s a restaurant just around
the corner from where I live … it’s an Italian restaurant so as you’d expect you can
eat various pasta dishes and pizzas and I usually go there with my family for a
slap-up meal if we have anything to celebrate … it’s quite a posh restaurant … the
kind of place you would take someone if you wanted to wine and dine them … we
usually order a 3-course meal … a light starter then a main dish … and I have
quite a sweet tooth so I always look forward to the dessert … I usually order
Tiramisu … it makes my mouth water just to think about it … I’m always
totally full up by the end … why do I enjoy it there … well … it’s not cheap …
my parents always foot the bill and we couldn’t afford to go there regularly so it’s
always a nice treat …
Part 3-style questions
Examiner: How can we encourage people to eat more healthily?
Anna: I think the best approach is to have everything in moderation … processed
food won’t kill you if you only eat it occasionally … but people should also be
encouraged to eat a balanced diet… try to cook fresh ingredients at home a few
times a week …
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Examiner: Do you think people enjoy their food as much as they should?
Florrie: I don’t know really … I suppose it’s true that people will often eat a quick
snack because they’re bored not because they’re dying of hunger … and often
they just bolt it down and don’t savour it … so yes … perhaps we could take more
time over our food …
Examiner: Do you think cooking is a pleasure or a chore for people who have busy
lives?
Julie: Well … whether you follow a recipe or make something up as you go along
… I think cooking is a very creative process … and cooking for other people is a
particular pleasure … there’s nothing more satisfying than seeing people you
love tucking into something you’ve cooked yourself …
Definitions





















to be full up: to eat to the point that you can no longer eat any more
to be starving hungry: an exaggerated way of saying you are very hungry
to bolt something down: to eat something very quickly
to be dying of hunger: an exaggerated way of saying you are hungry
to eat a balanced diet: to eat the correct types and amounts of food
to eat like a horse: to eat a lot
to follow a recipe: to cook a meal using instructions
to foot the bill: to pay the bill
a fussy eater: somebody who has their own very high standards about what
to eat
to grab a bite to eat: to eat something quickly (when you’re in a rush)
to have a sweet tooth: to enjoy sugary food
home-cooked food: food cooked at home from individual ingredients
the main meal: the most important meal of the day, usually eaten in the
evening
to make your mouth water: to make you feel very hungry for something
to play with your food: to push food around the plate to avoid eating it
processed food: commercially prepared food bought for convenience
a quick snack: to eat a small amount of food between meals
a ready meal: see ‘processed food’
a slap up meal: a large meal
to spoil your appetite: to eat something that will stop you feeling hungry
when it’s meal-time.
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a take away: a cooked meal prepared in a restaurant and eaten at home
to tuck into: to eat something with pleasure
to wine and dine: to entertain someone by treating them to food and drink
to work up an appetite: to do physical work that leads to you becoming
hungry

P a g e 21 | 80


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6. IELTS Education Vocabulary

You’re likely to be asked questions about your studies during Part 1, you might
have to talk about a class, a teacher or a school memory in Part 2 or give your
opinions on education in Part 3. Therefore, being able to call on a wide range of
vocabulary to talk about education is very important.
Read the following IELTS-style questions and answers below and pay attention to
the phrases in bold. Use the ‘Definitions’ section at the bottom of the page to
check the meaning of any phrases you don’t understand.
Part 1-style questions
Examiner: Are you studying English at a school?
Michel: Yes … I’m taking an intensive course at a local private language
school … I attend classesthree times a week …
Examiner: Would you say you are a good student?
Susan: I’m OK I think … I’m pretty good at meeting deadlines and I’m keeping
up with my studies… plus I find it quite easy to learn things by heart which is
useful when learning a language …
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Examiner: When you were younger did you enjoy your time at school?
Theo: Yes … I liked school … it was an ordinary state school … nothing special
… a single-sex school … which I’m not sure I liked … but the teachers were great
… I had lots of friends and I never played truant like some pupils there …
Part 2-style task
Describe a time during your education that you really enjoyed. You should say:




when this period was
where you were
what you were studying at the time

and say why you were so happy.
Caroline: I’d like to tell you about my time at university … I was a mature
student … I didn’t go to university until I was 25 … and it was my first time away
from my parents so it was very exciting … I was doing a Bachelors Degree and it
was a bit of a challenge … some people take a year out but I’d been away from
education for 8 years … plus I had to work my way through uni so I was very
busy … and sitting exams at the end of each year was a new experience for me as
well but I really enjoyed higher education learning about a subject I loved …
history … and the social life was great as well … I don’t think I’ve ever had so
many friends … I had my graduation ceremony last year in the local cathedral
and I know my parents were really proud … so yes … that was a really happy time
… I’m thinking of doing a Masters Degree soon … though that might be
through distance learning as I have a full-time job now …
Part 3-style questions
Examiner: What qualities do you think a good teacher has?
Anna: They should be patient … they should be subject specialists and be able to
explain the subject clearly … they should give feedback quickly … for example
not hang on to essay for ages like some of my teachers …
Examiner: What are the advantages of studying on a distance learning course?
Florrie: It’s a more flexible way of studying especially if you have a job … tuition
fees are usually cheaper … but you have to be very motivated … and I would
P a g e 23 | 80


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imagine more people fall behind with their studies compared to face-to-face
classes …
Examiner: Do all children get equal opportunities in education?
Julie: In my country I think it is quite equal but in the UK I’ve heard that most
people who go to the top universities have studied at public schools … you have to
be very rich to study in a school like that … they’re usually boarding schools as
well so the fees are enormous …
Definitions




















to attend classes: to go to classes
bachelors degree: an undergraduate course which usually lasts 3-4 years
boarding school: a school where pupils live during term time
distance learning: a way of studying where tuition is carried out over the
Internet or by post
face-to-face classes: as opposed to distance learning the traditional way of
studying in a classroom with colleagues and a teacher
to fall behind with your studies: to progress less quickly than others
to give feedback: to offer guidance on a student’s work
a graduation ceremony: an event where a successful student receives his or
her academic degree
higher education: education, usually in a college or university, that is
followed after high school or secondary school
an intensive course: a course that offers lots of training in order to reach a
goal in as short a time as possible
to keep up with your studies: to not fall behind
to learn something by heart: to memorize it
a mature student: a student who is older than average and who has usually
returned to education after a period at work
masters degree: a period of study which often follows the completion of a
bachelors degree or is undertaken by someone regarded as capable of a
higher-level academic course
to meet a deadline: to finish a job or task in the time allowed or agreed
to play truant: to stay away from classes without permission
private language school: an independent school run as a business concern
public schools: exclusive independent schools in the UK
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a single-sex school: a school where only boys or girls attend (as opposed to
a mixed-sex school)
to sit an exam: to take an exam
state school: a school paid for by public funds and available to the general
public
subject specialist: a teacher who has a great deal of knowledge about the
subject they teach.
to take a year out: to spend a year working or travelling before starting
university
tuition fees: the money paid for a course of study
to work your way through university: to have a paid job whilst studying to
support yourself financially

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