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Windows XP unleashed

Windows XP
®

Terry William Ogletree
Contributing Authors:
Walter Glenn and Rima Regas

Unleashed
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Windows® XP Unleashed
Copyright © 2002 by Sams Publishing
All rights reserved. No part of this book shall be reproduced, stored in a
retrieval system, or transmitted by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from the publisher. No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information
contained herein. Although every precaution has been taken in the preparation
of this book, the publisher and author assume no responsibility for errors or
omissions. Nor is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of
the information contained herein.
International Standard Book Number: 0-672-32280-3
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 2001093496


ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER
Jeff Koch

ACQUISITIONS EDITOR
Terry Neal

DEVELOPMENT EDITOR
Steve Rowe

MANAGING EDITOR
Matt Purcell

BOOK PACKAGER
Justak Literary Services

COPY EDITOR
Mamata N. Reddy

Printed in the United States of America

INDEXER

First Printing: December 2001

Johnna VanHoose Dinse
04

03

02

01

4

3

2


1

PROOFREADER

Trademarks

Lara SerVaas

All terms mentioned in this book that are known to be trademarks or service
marks have been appropriately capitalized. Sams Publishing cannot attest to
the accuracy of this information. Use of a term in this book should not be
regarded as affecting the validity of any trademark or service mark. Windows
is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.

Warning and Disclaimer
Every effort has been made to make this book as complete and as accurate as
possible, but no warranty or fitness is implied. The information provided is on
an “as is” basis. The authors and the publisher shall have neither liability nor
responsibility to any person or entity with respect to any loss or damages arising from the information contained in this book.

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TECHNICAL EDITOR
Dallas Reliford

TEAM COORDINATOR
Denni Bannister

INTERIOR DESIGNER
Gary Adair

COVER DESIGNER
Alan Clements

PAGE LAYOUT
William Hartman


Contents at a Glance
Introduction

PART I

1

Architecture and Installation

5

1

Looking Inside Windows XP Professional

2

Before You Install or Upgrade 23

3

Installing and Upgrading Windows XP 53

4

Unattended Installation and Sysprep 81

PART II

Desktop, File Management, General Configuration

5

Configuring Accessibility Options 103

6

Understanding the Startup Process 127

7

Up Front: The New Desktop 141

8

Other Applications and Accessories 169

9

Working with Files and Folders 195

10

PART III

7

101

Using Microsoft Outlook Express for E-mail, News, and More 227

Administration, User Management, Technical Issues

11

Running Legacy Applications under Windows XP 271

12

Installing and Removing Applications 281

13

Command Prompt Tools 297

14

Using the Control Panel 329

15

Managing Local Users 359

16

Auditing Windows XP Using the Event Viewer 397

17

Printing with Windows XP

18

Managing Disks and Partitions 443

19

Using the Task Manager 483

20

The Windows XP Registry 497

21

Using Backup on Windows XP 521

22

Performance Monitoring, Logs, and Alerts 545

23

Be Paranoid: Disaster Recovery Planning 587

421

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24

Configuring Your Computer for Local Area Networking 617

25

Configuring Your Computer for an Internet Connection 643

26

Joining a Domain and the Active Directory 679

PART IV

Multimedia

693

27

Overview of Windows XP Multimedia Features 695

28

Capturing Images and Video and Using Windows Movie Maker 707

29

Windows Media Player 8 729

PART V

Appendices

759

A

Introduction to Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol 761

B

Overview of the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol and Microsoft’s Active
Directory 797

C

Using Windows XP on a Notebook Computer 813

D

Basics of Internet Information Server 833
Index 851

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Contents
Introduction

PART I

1

Architecture and Installation

5

1

Looking Inside Windows XP Professional 7
The Windows XP Architecture: Kernel Mode and User Mode ..............9
Kernel Mode and the Hardware Abstraction Layer ........................10
Protected Memory and the Kernel ........................................................12
Executive Services ................................................................................12
How Virtual Memory Works ..........................................................13
Multitasking and Symmetric Multiprocessing ....................................19
What Is DirectX? ..................................................................................20
Summary ..............................................................................................21

2

Before You Install or Upgrade 23
Hardware Prerequisites ........................................................................24
Check the Hardware Compatibility List ........................................25
Finding Support for Hardware Not Found in the Hardware
Compatibility List ........................................................................26
Conduct a Pilot Program ......................................................................28
Application Compatibility ..............................................................28
Working with the Windows on Windows Subsystem ....................29
Understanding Network Installations ..................................................29
Recording Network Information for Windows 95/98 ....................31
Using the ipconfig Command with Windows NT 4.0 and
Windows 2000 ..............................................................................33
Should You Upgrade or Install? ............................................................34
Upgrading from Windows 95/98 and Windows Me ......................35
Upgrading from Windows NT or Windows 2000 ..........................36
Installing Multiple Operating Systems ............................................39
Preparing Your Computer for XP ........................................................41
It’s Cleanup Time: Uninstall Unnecessary Applications and
Components ..................................................................................42
Save Copies of Application Configurations ....................................43
Save Hardware Configuration Data ................................................44
Back Up Everything! ......................................................................45
Defragment the Disk Partition ........................................................48
Make a List and Check It Twice ..........................................................51
Summary ..............................................................................................52

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3

Installing and Upgrading Windows XP 53
Overview of the Windows XP Setup Process ......................................54
What Is Dynamic Update? ..............................................................56
What Is the Files and Settings Transfer Wizard? ............................56
Installation/Upgrade Checklist ........................................................60
Starting the Windows XP Setup Wizard ..............................................61
Booting from the Windows XP CD ................................................61
Running the Setup Wizard under Another Version of Windows ....62
Running the Setup Wizard from a Network Connection ................62
Lights Out: Performing an Unattended Installation ........................63
First, the Setup Wizard Needs Some Information ................................63
Select Special Setup Options ..........................................................64
Performing Dynamic Update ..........................................................65
After the First Reboot: Text Mode Setup ............................................66
Welcome to XP! ..............................................................................66
Choose Your Partition ......................................................................67
Time for Copy: Copying Files to the Hard Disk ............................72
After the Second Reboot: Read Me Now! ..........................................72
From Collecting Information to Finalizing Installation ..................73
Regional and Language Options ....................................................73
Personalize Your Software ..............................................................76
Computer Name and Administrator Password ................................76
Date and Time Settings ..................................................................76
Network Settings ............................................................................77
After the Third Reboot ........................................................................77
The Five-Step Program: Finishing the Installation ........................78
Summary ..............................................................................................80

4

Unattended Installation and Sysprep 81
Syntax for the Setup Command ............................................................82
Using the unattend.txt Setup File for Automated Installations ............85
Creating an Unattended Setup Answer Text File with the
Setup Manager Wizard ................................................................87
Using Sysprep to Install Windows XP ................................................97
System Identifiers in Cloning Windows XP ..................................97
Using Sysprep to Set Up a Single Computer ..................................98
Using Sysprep to Clone an Installation ..........................................99
Using the Sysprep.inf File ............................................................100
Summary ............................................................................................100

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CONTENTS

PART II

Desktop, File Management, General Configuration

101

5

Configuring Accessibility Options 103
Configuring Accessibility Options Using the Control Panel ..............105
StickyKeys, FilterKeys, and ToggleKeys ..........................................107
Using StickyKeys ..........................................................................107
Enabling StickyKeys ....................................................................107
Setting StickyKeys Options ..........................................................108
Enabling and Configuring FilterKeys ..........................................109
Enabling ToggleKeys ....................................................................110
SoundSentry and ShowSounds ..........................................................111
Using High Contrast for Easier Viewing ............................................112
“Mouseing” Around with the Keyboard ............................................113
Using the General Tab for Accessibility Options ..............................115
SerialKeys ......................................................................................115
Administrative Options ................................................................116
Using the Accessibility Wizard ..........................................................116
Windows XP Accessibility Accessories ............................................118
Using the Narrator ........................................................................118
Using the Microsoft Magnifier ......................................................119
Using the On-Screen Keyboard Feature ........................................121
What Is the Utility Manager? ............................................................122
Using Speech Recognition ..................................................................123
Using Handwritten Recognition Devices ..........................................124
Summary ............................................................................................125

6

Understanding the Startup Process 127
How Your Computer Boots ................................................................128
How Windows Boots ..........................................................................129
A Brief Recap ................................................................................131
The BOOT.INI File ......................................................................132
Startup Options ..................................................................................135
Safe Mode ......................................................................................135
Enable Boot Logging ....................................................................136
Enable VGA Mode ........................................................................136
Last Known Good Configuration ..................................................137
Directory Services Restore Mode (Domain Controllers Only) ....137
Debugging Mode ..........................................................................137
Troubleshooting Startup Problems ....................................................137
Check the Event Logs for Startup Problems ................................138
Boot Using Advanced Options ......................................................139
Summary ............................................................................................140

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Up Front: The New Desktop 141
Taking a First Look at the Windows XP Desktop ..............................142
Customizing the Desktop ....................................................................144
Create Your Own Desktop Background ........................................144
Customizing Desktop Icons ..........................................................145
Clean Up Icon Clutter: Use It or Lose It ......................................146
Placing a Web Page on Your Desktop ..........................................147
Choosing a Screensaver ......................................................................150
Changing the Screensaver ............................................................150
Create a Slide Show Screensaver ..................................................151
Choosing an Appearance for Windows XP ........................................152
Adding Font and Menu Effects and Other Advanced
Appearance Features ..................................................................153
Choosing Display Settings Appropriate for Your Monitor ............154
Choosing and Creating a Theme ........................................................156
Choosing the Windows 2000 Classic Desktop and Other
Themes ........................................................................................157
Creating Themes ............................................................................157
Customizing Shortcuts ........................................................................157
Adding Shortcuts ..........................................................................158
Rename a Shortcut ........................................................................158
Configuring Shortcut Properties ....................................................158
The Overhauled Start Menu ..............................................................160
High-Five: The Last Five Programs You Have Used ....................160
Pin Your Favorite Programs to the Start Menu ............................161
Using the Search Companion ........................................................161
Customizing the Taskbar ....................................................................165
File Grouping ................................................................................165
The Notification Area ....................................................................167
Summary ............................................................................................167

8

Other Applications and Accessories 169
Using HyperTerminal ........................................................................171
Starting HyperTerminal and Creating a Connection ....................171
Using Entertainment Accessories ......................................................174
Using Sound Recorder ..................................................................174
Using Volume Control ..................................................................175
Using System Tools ............................................................................177
Using Character Map ....................................................................177
Using System Information ............................................................178
Using General Accessories ................................................................180
Using the Calculator ......................................................................180
Using Notepad ..............................................................................182

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CONTENTS
Using Wordpad ..............................................................................183
Using Paint ....................................................................................188
Playing Games ....................................................................................191
Summary ............................................................................................193
9

Working with Files and Folders 195
The New Windows Explorer ..............................................................196
File Types and Associations ..........................................................198
Performing Simple Tasks in Windows Explorer ..........................199
Saving Space, Part One: Compressing and Uncompressing
Folders ........................................................................................202
Saving Space, Part Two: Using Zipped Folders ............................203
Encrypting Files and Folders ........................................................204
Creating New Folders and Other Tasks ........................................205
Folder Options You Can Configure ....................................................206
Changing a Folder Icon or Picture ................................................207
Changing the Folder Type ............................................................208
Using the Indexing Service for a Fast Find ........................................209
Configuring the Indexing Service ................................................209
Starting the Indexing Service ........................................................210
Finding Files in a Hurry ................................................................211
Mapping Network Drives to Access Network Resources ............211
Burn That CD: Copying Files and Folders to a CD-R ......................212
The Data Files to Be Burned Are First Sent to a Staging Area ....213
The Recycle Bin ................................................................................214
Retrieving Files from the Recycle Bin ..........................................214
Emptying the Recycle Bin ............................................................215
Sharing Files and Folders ..................................................................216
Sharing Files with Other Users on the Same Windows XP
Computer ....................................................................................216
Sharing Files on a Small Workgroup LAN ..................................217
Sharing Files in a Domain or Active Directory Network ............219
Using the Security Tab for Auditing Usage of This Resource ......222
Summary ............................................................................................225

10

Using Microsoft Outlook Express for E-mail, News, and More 227
Getting Started with Outlook Express ................................................228
Working with the Outlook Express Window ................................229
Establishing an E-mail Account in Outlook Express ....................232
Sending and Receiving E-mail ..........................................................236
Composing an E-mail Message ....................................................236
Attaching Files to an E-mail Message ..........................................238
Sending the Message ....................................................................238

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You’ve Got E-mail: Reading E-mail Messages ............................238
Printing E-mail Messages ..............................................................239
Replying To and Forwarding E-mail Messages ............................239
Configuring Outlook Express Options ..............................................240
General Properties ........................................................................240
Read Properties ..............................................................................242
Receipts Properties ........................................................................243
Send Properties ..............................................................................244
Compose Properties ......................................................................245
Signature Properties ......................................................................246
Spelling Properties ........................................................................247
Setting E-mail Security Properties ................................................247
Configuring Connection Properties ..............................................250
Choosing Maintenance Options ....................................................251
Creating Filters and Blocking Unwanted Messages or People ....252
Using the Address Book ....................................................................253
Creating Folders in the Address Book ..........................................254
Adding Information to the Address Book ....................................254
Using Groups in the Address Book ..............................................257
How to Sort and Print Information in the Address Book ..............259
Using Outlook Express Folders ..........................................................259
Creating New Folders to Categorize Your Messages ....................260
Importing and Exporting Messages and Other Information ........260
Searching Folders to Find Important Messages ............................261
Managing Accounts in Outlook Express ............................................263
Creating a Newsgroup Account ....................................................264
Subscribing and Unsubscribing from Newsgroups ......................266
Reading News Messages ..............................................................267
Posting Replies to Newsgroup Messages ......................................267
Summary ............................................................................................268

PART III
11

Administration, User Management, Technical Issues

269

Running Legacy Applications under Windows XP 271
Why Applications Break ....................................................................272
What Happens during an Upgrade ....................................................273
After the Upgrade ..............................................................................274
Using Compatibility Modes ................................................................276
The Find Compatible Hardware and Software Help Feature ............277
Using the Application Compatibility Toolkit ....................................278
Use Windows Update Regularly ........................................................279
Summary ............................................................................................280

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CONTENTS
12

Installing and Removing Applications 281
What Happens When You Install an Application on Windows XP ....282
System Restore Points ..................................................................283
Solving Problems with Shared Components and Dynamic
Link Libraries (DLL) ..................................................................283
Use Your Autorun CD ........................................................................286
Using Add/Remove Programs ............................................................286
Removing an Application from Windows XP ..............................290
Installing or Removing Windows XP Components ............................291
After the Application or Component Installation ..............................294
Summary ............................................................................................295

13

Command Prompt Tools 297
Overview of the Command Prompt ....................................................298
Configuring the Command Prompt ....................................................299
Configuring Command Buffers, Display Options, and Edit
Options ........................................................................................300
The Font Tab—Changing the Character Font and Size ................301
Choosing Window Size, Buffer Size, and Location Layout ........302
The Colors Tab—Why Be Ordinary? ............................................303
Using Standard Commands ................................................................304
Cleaning Out Commands That Are No Longer Supported ..........305
Commands You Can Use at the Command Prompt ......................307
Using the HELP Command ..........................................................310
The NET Command ......................................................................312
Using Redirector Commands for Input and Output ......................314
Pipes and Filters ............................................................................316
Get More from Your Commands with Wildcards ........................317
Working with Batch Files ..................................................................319
Using the Command Line Task Scheduler (schtasks) ........................321
Creating a Scheduled Task ............................................................322
Using SCHTASKS /CREATE ......................................................324
Check the Results of Scheduled Tasks ..........................................325
Network Commands ..........................................................................325
How to Create an MS-DOS Startup Disk ..........................................326
Summary ............................................................................................327

14

Using the Control Panel 329
Using the Classic or the Category View ............................................330
Using the Appearances and Themes Category ..................................331
Folder Options ..............................................................................333
The See Also Menu and Troubleshooters ....................................338
Troubleshooters! ............................................................................344

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Network and Internet Connections ....................................................344
Add or Remove Programs ..................................................................345
Sounds, Speech and Audio Devices ..................................................345
The Sounds and Audio Devices Applet ........................................346
Speech ............................................................................................347
Sound and Audio Devices Troubleshooters ..................................347
Performance and Maintenance ..........................................................348
Device Manager ............................................................................351
Viewing Device Properties ............................................................351
Printers and Other Hardware ..............................................................354
User Accounts ....................................................................................355
Date, Time, Language and Regional Options ....................................355
Accessibility Options ..........................................................................355
The New Help and Support Application ............................................355
Summary ............................................................................................357
15

Managing Local Users 359
Adding User Accounts During Setup ................................................360
Adding User Accounts After Setup ....................................................360
Changing User Account Information ..................................................364
Change the Username ....................................................................364
Add or Change the Account Password ..........................................365
Recovering a Forgotten Password ................................................367
Removing a Password from an Account ......................................369
Change the Picture for a User Account ........................................369
Change the Account Type ..............................................................371
Deleting a User Account ..............................................................371
Selecting the Logon and Logoff Method for a User Account ............372
Creating a Group Policy on the Local Computer ..............................373
Configuring Security Settings on the Local Computer ................375
Setting Password Policies ..............................................................376
Setting Account Policies ................................................................377
Configuring User Settings ..................................................................378
Using Administrative Templates ........................................................379
Monitoring User Activities ................................................................380
Assigning User Rights ........................................................................383
Using Groups to Simplify Management Tasks and Grant
Resource Access ..............................................................................385
Adding Members to a Group ........................................................387
Creating a New Local Group ........................................................388
Using Fast User Switching? ..............................................................389

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CONTENTS
Using Remote Assistance and Remote Desktop ................................390
Using Remote Desktop ..................................................................390
Using Remote Assistance ..............................................................392
Summary ............................................................................................396
16

Auditing Windows XP Using the Event Viewer 397
Overview of the Event Viewer ............................................................398
Types of Events ............................................................................400
The Event Logging Service ..........................................................401
Event Records ................................................................................402
The Application Log File ..............................................................403
The Security Log File ....................................................................404
The System Log File ....................................................................407
Setting Options for Log Files ............................................................410
Configuring the Location of Log Files ........................................411
Sizing a Log File and Setting Overwrite Parameters ....................412
Using the Filter Tab on the Log File Properties Sheet ..................414
Archiving a Log File and Clearing Events ........................................416
How to Halt the Computer When the Security Log Becomes
Full ..................................................................................................418
Editing the Registry ......................................................................419
What to Do When the Computer Crashes Because of a Full
Security Log File ........................................................................419
Summary ............................................................................................420

17

Printing with Windows XP 421
Windows XP Printing Basics: Defining Some Terms ........................422
Using the Add Printer Wizard ............................................................424
Connecting to a Local Printer ......................................................425
Connecting to a Printer on a Networked Print Server ..................432
Managing Printer Properties ..............................................................433
The General Tab ............................................................................433
The Sharing Tab ............................................................................434
The Ports Tab ................................................................................434
The Advanced Tab ........................................................................434
The Device Settings Tab ................................................................438
Managing Printers ..............................................................................438
General Printer Management Techniques ....................................439
Finding Printers on the Network ........................................................441
Summary ............................................................................................442

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Managing Disks and Partitions 443
Basic Disks and Dynamic Disks ........................................................444
Choosing Partitions and Volume Types ..............................................446
Comparing File Systems: FAT, FAT32, and NTFS ............................447
Improvements in FAT32 ................................................................448
Using the NTFS File System ........................................................448
Using the Disk Management Utility ..................................................450
Adding and Deleting Partitions ....................................................451
Creating Logical Drives in the Extended Partition ......................455
Converting Between Basic and Dynamic Disks ..........................455
Extending a Dynamic Volume ......................................................457
Changing a Drive Letter or Drive Path ........................................458
Managing Disks Through the Command Prompt ..............................459
Converting a Partition From FAT to NTFS ..................................459
Using the DISKPART Command ..................................................461
Using DISKPART LIST ................................................................464
Deleting a Partition or Volume ......................................................465
Formatting a Disk ..........................................................................467
Configuring Partition Properties ........................................................469
Using Disk Cleanup ......................................................................470
The Tools Tab ................................................................................471
The Hardware Tab ........................................................................474
Sharing the Disk Drive ..................................................................476
Enabling Disk Quotas ....................................................................478
Sharing Files with the Computer Management Utility ......................479
Sessions and Open Files ................................................................480
Sharing Disks When You Are Part of a Domain ................................480
Summary ............................................................................................481

19

Using the Task Manager 483
Managing Applications Using the Task Manager ..............................484
Ending a Task—Killing an Application ........................................485
Switching to an Application ..........................................................485
Starting New Tasks ........................................................................486
Menu Options ................................................................................487
Managing Individual Processes ..........................................................488
Changing Process Priorities ..........................................................489
Ending Processes and a Process Tree ............................................491
Menu Options for the Process Tab ................................................491
Using the Performance Tab to Track System Performance ................493
Tracking Networking Adapter Usage with the Networking Tab ........495
Summary ............................................................................................496

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CONTENTS
20

The Windows XP Registry 497
A Brief History of the Windows Registry ..........................................499
Registry Basics ..................................................................................500
Subtrees ........................................................................................502
Keys, Subkeys, Entries, and Values ..............................................505
Hives and Files ..............................................................................506
Backing Up and Restoring the Registry ............................................508
Back up the Registry ....................................................................509
Restoring the Registry ..................................................................511
Using the Windows Registry Editor ..................................................512
Searching the Registry ..................................................................513
Changing a Registry Entry ............................................................514
Adding a Registry Entry or Key ....................................................515
Deleting a Registry Key or Entry ..................................................516
Exporting and Importing Registry Information ............................517
Summary ............................................................................................518

21

Using Backup on Windows XP 521
Hardware Can Make a Difference ......................................................522
Developing a Backup Plan ................................................................524
Deciding What to Back Up ..........................................................524
Deciding How and When to Back Up ..........................................526
Running the Backup Wizard ..............................................................529
Performing a Manual Backup ............................................................532
Selecting Components to Back Up ..............................................533
Setting Backup Information ..........................................................533
Setting Advanced Backup Program Options ......................................534
General ..........................................................................................534
Setting the Default Backup Type ..................................................536
Customizing the Backup Log ........................................................536
Excluding Files From the Backup Job ..........................................536
Restoring Data from a Backup ..........................................................537
Using the Restore Wizard ..............................................................538
Restoring Files Manually ..............................................................540
Using Automated System Recovery ..................................................541
Running Backup from the Command Line ........................................543
Summary ............................................................................................544

22

Performance Monitoring, Logs, and Alerts 545
Understanding Performance Issues for Windows XP ........................546
Hardware Factors Affecting Performance ....................................547
Some Ideas to Improve Performance ............................................552

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Using Task Manager ..........................................................................564
Using System Monitor ........................................................................566
How System Monitor Collects Information ..................................566
Starting System Monitor ..............................................................567
Selecting Performance Counters ..................................................568
Viewing Your Graph ......................................................................572
Printing System Monitor Data ......................................................574
Setting System Monitor Properties ..............................................574
Baseline Your System and Examine Performance
Periodically ................................................................................578
Configuring Logs and Setting Alerts ..................................................578
Creating a Counter Log ................................................................579
Configuring an Alert ......................................................................582
Command Line Performance Monitoring Tools ................................585
Summary ............................................................................................586
23

Be Paranoid: Disaster Recovery Planning 587
Back Up Important Data! ..................................................................588
Using the Automated System Recovery Wizard ................................590
Creating the Automated System Recovery Diskette and
Backup of Your System Partition ................................................590
Restoring a System Using the Automated System Recovery
Method ........................................................................................593
Using the Last Known Good Configuration Feature ..........................595
Booting into Safe Mode ......................................................................596
Using the Recovery Console ..............................................................599
Starting Recovery Console from the Windows XP
Installation CD ............................................................................599
Select the Operating System ........................................................600
What Can You Do with the Recovery Console? ..........................600
How to Install the Recovery Console on Your Computer ............602
Using Device Driver Rollback ............................................................604
What Is a Signed Device Driver? ..................................................604
Using Device Driver Rollback ......................................................605
How to Use System Restore to Recover Previous Settings ..............607
What Gets Saved and Restored with System Restore? ................609
Using the System Restore Wizard ................................................611
Create Your Own Restore Points ..................................................613
Using System Restore to Revert to an Earlier Time ....................614
Summary ............................................................................................616

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CONTENTS
24

Configuring Your Computer for Local Area Networking 617
Using Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol or Static Internet
Protocol Configuration Information ................................................618
Using Static Addressing ................................................................619
Automatic Private Internet Protocol Addressing ..........................619
Installing and Configuring Transfer Call Protocol/Internet
Protocol and Related Components ..................................................620
Using Add/Remove Programs to Install Network
Components ................................................................................620
Configuring the Transfer Call Protocol/Internet Protocol
Connection ......................................................................................622
Configuring the Network Adapter Card ........................................625
This Connection Uses the Following Items ..................................630
Transfer Call Protocol/Internet Protocol Configuration ................630
Configuring Static Internet Protocol Address Information ................632
Configuring Advanced Transfer Call Protocol/Internet
Protocol Settings ........................................................................633
Using Other Local Area Network Protocols ......................................638
Installing Additional Network Clients ..........................................638
Installing Additional Network Services ........................................640
Installing Additional Protocols ......................................................640
Using File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks ....................641
Workgroups and Domains ..................................................................641
Summary ............................................................................................641

25

Configuring Your Computer for an Internet Connection 643
Dial-Up Networking Versus Broadband Connections ........................644
The Standard Modem ....................................................................644
Cable and Digital Subscriber Line Modems ................................644
Integrated Services Digital Network Connection ........................649
Installing a Standard Modem ..............................................................650
The Add Hardware Wizard ............................................................650
Detecting Your Modem ................................................................652
Configuring Modem Properties ..........................................................654
The General Tab of the Modem Properties Sheet ........................654
The Modem Tab of the Modem Properties Sheet ........................655
The Diagnostics Tab ......................................................................655
The Advanced Tab ........................................................................656
The Driver Tab ..............................................................................658
The Resources Tab ........................................................................659
The Power Management Tab ........................................................660
Working with Dialing Rules ..........................................................660
The General Tab ............................................................................661

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The Area Code Rules Tab ..............................................................662
The Calling Card Tab ....................................................................663
Setting Advanced Modem Options ....................................................663
Creating a New Internet Account ......................................................664
Configuring an Existing Internet Account ....................................664
Changing a Dial-Up Connection’s Properties ..............................667
Checking the Status of Your New Connection ..............................668
Windows XP Internet Connection Firewall and Internet
Connection Sharing ..........................................................................669
Windows XP Internet Connection Firewall ..................................669
Windows XP Internet Connection Sharing ..................................672
Creating a Connection to the Network at Your Workplace ................673
Setting Up a Home or Small Office Network ....................................676
Obtaining an Internet Service Provider ..............................................676
Summary ............................................................................................677
26

PART IV
27

Joining a Domain and the Active Directory 679
Understanding Windows Domains ....................................................680
How Domains Function ................................................................681
The Master Domain Model ..........................................................682
Working with Trust Relationships ................................................683
What Is the Active Directory? ............................................................684
How the Active Directory Works ..................................................685
Computer and User Accounts in the Active Directory ..................686
Joining a Domain Using Windows XP ..............................................687
Joining a Domain During the Windows XP Setup Process ..........687
Joining a Domain After the Setup Process ....................................688
After You Have Joined a Domain ......................................................691
Using the Domain Account ..........................................................691
Searching the Active Directory ....................................................692
Summary ............................................................................................692

Multimedia

693

Overview of Windows XP Multimedia Features 695
The New Windows Media Player ......................................................697
New Folders—It’s Not Just My Documents Anymore! ....................697
The My Music Folder ....................................................................698
The My Videos Folder ..................................................................698
The My Pictures Folder ................................................................699
Publishing Photographs or Movies on the Web ................................700
View as a Slide Show ....................................................................700
Order Prints Online ......................................................................700

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CONTENTS
Burning CDs with Windows XP ........................................................701
Burn that CD ................................................................................702
Microsoft Plus! for Windows XP ......................................................703
Using Third-Party Programs ..............................................................704
Summary ............................................................................................705
28

Capturing Images and Video and Using Windows
Movie Maker 707
Installing a Scanner, Camera, or Video Source ..................................708
Using the Scanner and Camera Installation Wizard ....................708
Using Third-Party Software ................................................................711
Using Windows Movie Maker ............................................................712
Starting Windows Movie Maker ..................................................712
The Collections Area ....................................................................714
The Monitor Area ..........................................................................714
The Workspace ..............................................................................714
How Do You Make a Movie? ............................................................715
Recording Video Using Movie Maker ..........................................716
Editing the Movie ..........................................................................719
Adding Narration to Your Movie ..................................................723
Saving a Movie ..............................................................................724
Publishing on the Web or E-mailing a Movie ..............................726
Burning to a CD ............................................................................726
Summary ............................................................................................728

29

Windows Media Player 8 729
Overview of Windows Media Player 8 ..............................................730
What’s New for Windows Media Player 8? ..................................731
Supported File Types ....................................................................732
A Quick Overview of the Interface ....................................................732
Now Playing ......................................................................................734
Opening Files ................................................................................735
Opening Uniform Resource Locators ..........................................735
Drag and Drop with Media ..........................................................736
Visualization ..................................................................................736
Advanced Features ........................................................................737
DVD Playback ..............................................................................738
The Media Guide: A Guide to Media! ..............................................739
Copying from CDs ..............................................................................739
What Is Digital Audio? ..................................................................740
The Media Library ..............................................................................741
Adding Media To The Guide ........................................................742
Editing Media Information ............................................................743
Creating Playlists ..........................................................................744

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xx

Windows XP
UNLEASHED
Tuning into the Internet ......................................................................744
Music on the Go ................................................................................746
Working with Skins ............................................................................748
Options, Tab by Tab ............................................................................749
Player ............................................................................................749
Copy Music ..................................................................................750
Devices ..........................................................................................752
Performance ..................................................................................753
Media Library ................................................................................754
Visualizations ................................................................................754
File Types ......................................................................................755
Network ........................................................................................755
Summary ............................................................................................756

PART V
A

Appendices

759

Introduction to Transmission Control Protocol/Internet
Protocol 761
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol ..............................762
Internet Protocol ............................................................................762
Understanding Internet Protocol Addressing ......................................764
Internet Protocol Addressing Makes Finding Computers
Easier ..........................................................................................766
Dotted-Decimal Notation in Internet Protocol Addresses ............768
Internet Protocol Address Classes ................................................770
Subnet Masks and Subnetting a Network ....................................774
How Ports Complete the Connection ................................................777
Transmission Control Protocol and User Datagram
Protocol Ports ..............................................................................777
The Transmission Control Protocol ....................................................778
The Three-Way Handshake Sets Up a Transmission
Control Protocol Session ............................................................779
Sliding Windows ..........................................................................781
Ending a Transmission Control Protocol Session ........................782
The User Datagram Protocol ........................................................782
The Internet Control Message Protocol ........................................783
The Address Resolution Protocol ..................................................784
Serial Line Interface Protocol and Point-to-Point Protocol ..............784
The Serial Line Interface Protocol ................................................784
The Point-to-Point Protocol ..........................................................784
The Domain Name System ................................................................785
The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol ........................................786

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CONTENTS
Windows Internet Naming Service ....................................................787
Virtual Private Networks ....................................................................788
Troubleshooting Tools for Transmission Control Protocol/
Internet Protocol ..............................................................................788
Using ping and tracert ..................................................................789
Use IPCONFIG Command to View Your Internet Protocol
Configuration ..............................................................................792
Using the NETSTAT Command ....................................................793
Using the ROUTE Command ......................................................794
Using the NSLOOKUP Command ..............................................794
Summary ............................................................................................795
B

Overview of the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol and
Microsoft’s Active Directory 797
The Development of Lightweight Directory Access Protocol ..........798
A Quick Look at the X.500 Standards ..........................................799
Schemas ........................................................................................802
Defining Schema with Lightweight Directory Access
Protocol ......................................................................................803
Working with Lightweight Directory Access Protocol ......................804
Conducting a Search in the Directory ..........................................805
Changing Information in the Directory ........................................805
Microsoft’s Active Directory ..............................................................806
A Quick Look at the Microsoft Management Console and
Managing the Directory ..............................................................808
Finding Objects in the Active Directory ......................................808

C

Using Windows XP on a Notebook Computer 813
Using ClearType ................................................................................814
Setting Power Management Options in Windows XP ........................816
Power Schemes ..............................................................................817
Using Alarms ................................................................................820
Using the Power Meter Settings ....................................................821
Advanced Power Settings ..............................................................821
Hibernation ....................................................................................822
Enabling Advanced Power Management ......................................822
Using Hardware Profiles ....................................................................822
Creating a Hardware Profile ..........................................................823
Managing Profiles ........................................................................825
Setting up Hardware for a Profile ................................................826
Selecting a Profile on Startup ........................................................827

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xxii

Windows XP
UNLEASHED
Synchronization and Offline Files ......................................................828
Setting up Offline Files ................................................................828
Setting up Offline Web Access ......................................................828
Using Synchronization Manager ..................................................830
Summary ............................................................................................831
D

Basics of Internet Information Server 833
What’s New in IIS 5.1? ......................................................................835
Installing IIS ......................................................................................835
Creating a Web Site ............................................................................836
Managing a Web Site ..........................................................................837
Web Site Properties ......................................................................839
Home Directory ............................................................................839
Documents ....................................................................................841
Directory Security ........................................................................842
HTTP Headers ..............................................................................843
Custom Errors ................................................................................843
Managing an FTP Server ....................................................................843
FTP Site Properties ........................................................................844
Security Accounts ..........................................................................845
Messages ........................................................................................846
Home Directory ............................................................................846
Managing the SMTP Service ..............................................................847
General Properties ........................................................................848
Access ............................................................................................848
Messages ........................................................................................849
Delivery ........................................................................................849
Security ..........................................................................................849
Summary ............................................................................................849
Index

851

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Dedication
This book is dedicated, as always, to my parents, Gordon and Billie Jean Ogletree.

About the Author
Terry Ogletree is a consultant who has worked with Windows operating systems for
many years now, as well as Unix, Linux, and OpenVMS. He is currently working
through The Computer Merchant of Norwell, MA (http://www.tcml.com). He is the
author of several recent books, including Scott Mueller’s Upgrading and Repairing
Networks, 3rd Edition, Practical Firewalls, and Windows NT 4.0 Networking. In addition,
he has contributed chapters to many other computer books published by other authors,
and is the co-author of The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Creating Your Own CDs, 2nd
Edition. You can email him at two@twoinc.com, or visit his Web site at
http://www.twoinc.com. Your comments and suggestions for improving this book are
welcome!

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Acknowledgments
This book is the result of a lot of effort put forth by many people. Given the timetable
for the release of Windows XP and the difficulty of writing about an operating system
that was refined and honed carefully during the beta and release candidate phases, this
book would not have been possible without the help of my co-authors and the supporting
cast of characters at Sams. With their great contributions, the book you hold in your
hands contains the most up-to-date information about Windows XP that I think you will
find for sale in your local bookstore. All of the co-authors of this book have computer
book pedigrees that prove their writing skills as well as their technical knowledge. I
could not have done this without them!
However, it is not just the authors who are responsible for making a book like this one as
complete and accurate as possible. There are many people who work behind the scenes
performing such chores as copy editing, technical editing and other tasks that are part of
computer book publishing. I would like to thank Steve Rowe, the development editor of
this book, for his suggestions during the early writing phase of this book. Steve knows
the target audience very well and his approach as to how this book should be written will
make it much easier for you to read and understand. He also played a large part in the
organization of the material found herein, making it easier for you to find what you need
to know in a hurry. In addition, Lorna Gentry assisted with the development work on this
book and thus helped to make it a better book. If you look at the masthead of this book,
you’ll see the names of many other important behind-the-scenes people who helped with
creating this book, including the copy editors, technical editor, and others. These people
are rarely recognized for the valuable work they do. Without them, this book would not
exist!
I would especially like to thank Vicki Harding, an agent who works for the Studio B
literary agency, and Terry Neal, the Executive Editor at Sams, for giving me the opportunity to write this book. Both have prodded me along to try to get this book out as soon as
possible, while keeping it accurate and loaded with useful information for the reader.
Thanks also go to Michael D. Parrott and Associates of Raleigh, NC who help keep me
from having to deal with a lot of things so I can find time to write. Thanks also to
Angelo Simeo and John Rogue of The Computer Merchant, who have kept me employed
for many years and encouraged me to continue in the writing field.
Finally, I would like to thank my parents and family for supporting me in this and other
writing efforts that I have worked on for many years.

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Tell Us What You Think!
As the reader of this book, you are our most important critic and commentator. We value
your opinion and want to know what we’re doing right, what we could do better, what
areas you’d like to see us publish in, and any other words of wisdom you’re willing to
pass our way.
As an associate publisher for Sams, I welcome your comments. You can email or
write me directly to let me know what you did or didn’t like about this book—as well as
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Please note that I cannot help you with technical problems related to the topic of this
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every message.
When you write, please be sure to include this book’s title and author as well as your
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Email: feedback@samspublishing.com
Mail:
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