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NTC's pocket dictionary of words and phrases part 75

mals where the developing baby is
protected and fed until birth.
women
[
"wIm @n
] plural of
woman
.
won
[
"w^n
] past tense and past par-
ticiple of
win
.
wonder
[
"w^n d#
]
1.
n. someone

or something that is amazing, sur-
prising, or like a miracle.
2.
tv. to
wish to know something; to want
to know something.
3.
adj. very
good, helpful, or of great benefit.

nine days’ wonder
wonderful
[
"w^n d# fUl
] adj. very
good; amazing; remarkable; mar-
velous. (Adv: wonderfully.)
wonderland
[
"w^n d# lAnd
] n. an
area or place that is wonderful.
won’t
[
"wont
] cont. will not.
woo
[
"wu
]
1.
tv. to court someone
with the intention of marrying.
2.
tv. to encourage someone or a
group to cooperate, join some-
thing, or buy something.
wood
[
"wUd


]
1.
n. the hard sub-
stance that trees make as they
grow. (Plural only for types and
instances.)
2.
n. a kind or type of
Q.
3.
n. a small forest; an area
where there are many trees. (Usu-
ally plural, but not countable. The
meaning is the same for the singu-
lar and the plural.)
4.
the adj. use
of Q, W, or E.
→ a
babe in the woods

knock on wood

out of the woods
wooden
[
"wUd n
]
1.
adj. made of
wood.
2.
adj. stiff; not easily
moved; not moving easily; not
flexible. (Figurative on Q. Adv:
woodenly.)
woodland
[
"wUd lAnd
] n. an area
of land that is covered with trees.
(Singular or plural with the same
meaning, but not countable.)
woodpecker
[
"wUd pEk #
] n. a
bird that has a long, sharp beak for
piercing holes in trees and a long
tongue to catch insects inside the
tree.
woodwind
[
"wUd wInd
] n. a group
of musical instruments, many of
which are made of wood or used
to be made of wood, and many of
which are played by blowing air
across a reed.
woodwork
[
"wUd w#k
] n. some-
thing that is made of wood, espe-
cially the trim on the inside of a
house or building. (No plural.)
woody
[
"wUd i
]
1.
adj. covered with
woods; covered with trees.
(Comp: woodier; sup: woodiest.)
2.
adj. [of a plant] containing
wood. (Comp: woodier; sup:
woodiest.)
wool
[
"wUl
]
1.
n. the soft, curly hair
of sheep and goats. (Plural only
for types and instances.)
2.
n.
thread, yarn, or fabric made from
Q. (No plural.)
3.
adj. made from
W;
woolen.

pull the wool over
someone’s
eyes
woolen
[
"wUl @n
] adj. made of
wool
.
woolgathering
daydreaming.
word
[
"w#d
]
1.
n. a speech sound
or group of speech sounds that has
a particular meaning; a written
symbol or a group of written sym-
bols that represent a speech sound
or group of speech sounds that has
a particular meaning.
2.
tv. to
women
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express something by choosing Q
carefully.

break
one’s
word

by word of mouth

eat
one’s
words

from the word go

get a word in edgewise

get the final word

get the last word

get the word

go back on
one’s
word

hang on
someone’s
every word

have
one’s
words stick in
one’s
throat

keep
one’s
word

not utter a word

one’s
word

one’s words stick in
one’s
throat

put in a good word (for
someone
)

put words into
someone’s
mouth

take the words (right) out of
one’s
mouth

true to
one’s
word

twist
someone’s
words (around)
the
word 1.
n. an order; a com-
mand. (No plural. Treated as sin-
gular.)
2.
n. news; information.
(No plural. Treated as singular.)
wordy
[
"w#d i
] adj. having too
many words; using more words
than necessary to express some-
thing. (Adv: wordily. Comp:
wordier; sup: wordiest.)
wore
[
"wor
] past tense of
wear
.
work
[
"w#k
]
1.
n. an activity that
requires effort. (No plural.)
2.
n.
the effort required to do an activ-
ity. (No plural.)
3.
n. something
that is a result of effort or energy;
a piece of music or art.
4.
n. a job;
an occupation; a career; what one
does for a living; what a person
does to make money. (No plural.)
5.
n. the place where one’s job is
located; the job site. (No plural.)
6.
iv. to be employed; to have a
job; to labor; to earn money at a
job.
7.
iv. to function properly; to
operate properly.
8.
tv. to cause
something to function as
intended.
9.
tv. to cause someone
or something to operate or func-
tion; to cause someone or some-
thing to be active; to cause
something to use energy.
10.
tv. to
plow or farm land.

all in a day’s work

dirty work

get down to work

make fast work of
someone or
something

make short work of
someone or
something
work away (at
something
)
to con-
tinue to work hard or industri-
ously at something.
work like a horse
to work very
hard.
work on
someone
1.
[for a physi-
cian] to treat someone; [for a sur-
geon] to operate on someone.
2.
to try to convince someone of
something.
3.
[for something,
such as medication] to have the
desired effect on someone.
work
one’s
fingers to the bone
to
work very hard.
work out
1.
[for something] to
turn out all right in the end.
2.
[for someone] to do a program
of exercise.
work out for the best
to end up
in the best possible way.
work
something
in(to
something
)
to press, mix, or force a substance
into something.
work
something
off 1.
to get rid of
body fat by doing strenuous work.
2.
to get rid of anger, anxiety, or
work something off
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energy by doing physical activity.
3.
to pay off a debt through work
rather than by money.
work
something
up
to prepare
something, perhaps on short
notice.
work up to
something
1.
[for
something] to build or progress to
something. (Usually concerning
the weather.)
2.
[for someone] to
lead up to something.
work (up)on
something
1.
to
repair or tinker with something.
2.
[for something] to have the
desired effect on something.
workbook
[
"w#k bUk
] n. a text-
book for students, often including
pages that assignments can be
written on.
worker
[
"w#k #
] n. someone who
works; someone who is employed.
workout
[
"w#k aUt
] n. a period of
physical exercise.
the
works
everything.
world
[
"w#ld
]
1.
n. the planet
earth.
2.
n. the people who live on
the planet earth; the human race.
3.
n. a planet other than earth,
especially as the source of other
life forms.
4.
n. an area of human
activity, thought, or interest.

carry the weight of the world
on
one’s
shoulders

come down in the world

come up in the world

dead to the world

in a world of
one’s
own

in the world

move up (in the world)

not long for this world

on top of the world

out of this world

set the world on fire

think the world of
someone or
something

with the best will in the world
World Wide Web
[
"w#ld "waId
"wEb
] n. an international network
of data storage, transfer, and its
visual and audio display, designed
to be accessed through a computer
connection. (Abbreviated WWW
and the
Web
.)
worldwide
[
"w#ld "waId
] adj.
found or occurring throughout the
world; involving everyone in the
world.
worm
[
"w#m
] n. any of numerous
small, soft, tube-shaped animals
having no legs or head, including
some that crawl underground and
others that live as parasites in ani-
mals or people.

open a can of worms
worn
[
"worn
]
1.
Past participle of
wear
.
2.
adj. reduced in value or
usefulness owing to wear.
worn-out
[
"worn "aUt
]
1.
adj. com-
pletely reduced in value or useful-
ness because of wear.
2.
adj. very
tired; exhausted.
worry
[
"w# i
]
1.
n. a feeling of anx-
iety; a fear of trouble. (Plural only
for types and instances.)
2.
n.
someone or something that causes
Q.
3.
tv. to be anxious that some-
thing bad might happen; to sus-
pect, regrettably, that something
bad might happen. (The object is a
clause with
that
U.)
4.
tv. to cause
someone to feel anxiety or to fear
trouble.
worse
[
"w#s
]
1.
adj. more bad; less
good; inferior. (The comparative
form of
bad
.)
2.
adv. in a way that
work something up
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is Q than some other way. (The
comparative form of badly.)

none the worse for wear

One’s
bark is worse than
one’s
bite.
worsen
[
"w#s @n
]
1.
tv. to make
something worse.
2.
iv. to become
worse.
3.
iv. to become more sick.
worship
[
"w# SIp
]
1.
tv. to honor
someone or something greatly; to
adore someone or something.
(Past tense and past participle:
worshiped. Present participle: wor-
shiping.)
2.
iv. to attend a church
service. (Past tense and past par-
ticiple: worshiped. Present partici-
ple: worshiping.)
3.
n. what is done
at a church service; the praise and
honor of a spirit, ancestor, god,
object, or person. (No plural.)
worst
[
"w#st
] adj. most bad; least
good; most inferior. (The superla-
tive of
bad
.)

if worst comes to worst
the
worst
n. [among three or more]
someone or something that is the
most bad or least good. (Treated as
singular or plural, but not counta-
ble.)
worth
[
"w#T
]
1.
n. the value of
something; the amount of money
that something could sell for. (No
plural.)
2.
n. the importance of
someone or something; the degree
to which something is able to be
used. (No plural.)
3.
n. the
amount of something that can be
bought for a specific amount of
money. (No plural.)

make
something
worth
someone’s
while

not worth mentioning

not worth the trouble

put in
one’s
two cents(’ worth)
worth its weight in gold
very
valuable.
worth
one’s
salt
worth one’s salary.
worth
someone’s
while
worth
someone’s time and trouble.
worthless
[
"w#T l@s
] adj. having
no value or importance; useless.
(Adv: worthlessly.)
worthy
[
"w# Di
] adj. deserving
one’s time, energy, or attention;
deserving; useful; having value or
importance. (Adv: worthily.
Comp: worthier; sup: worthiest.)
worthy of the name
deserving or
good enough to be called some-
thing.
would
[
"wUd
]
1.
aux. a form used
as the past tense of
will
to express
the future from a time in the past,
especially in indirect quotations or
in constructions where other past-
tense verbs are used. (Contraction:
-’d.)
2.
aux. a form used to express
something that happened many
times in the past. (Contraction: -
’d.)
3.
aux. a form used instead of
will
Q to make commands more
polite by turning them into ques-
tions. (Contraction: -’d. See also
will
Q; using would is usually
more polite than using will.)
would like (to have)
to want
someone or something; to prefer
someone or something.
would rather
do something
would
more willingly do something;
would more readily do something;
would prefer to do something.
(Often -’d rather.)
wouldn’t
[
"wUd nt
] cont. would
not.
wouldn’t
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would’ve
[
"wUd @v
] cont. would
have, where
have
is an auxiliary.
wound
1.
[
"waUnd
] past tense and
past participle of
wind
R and T.
2.
[
"wund
] n. an injury where the
skin is torn or punctured.
3.
[
"wund
] n. an injury to one’s
feelings. (Figurative on W.)
4.
[
"wund
] tv. to injure someone;
to cause someone to have W.

rub salt in a wound
wove
[
"wov
] past tense of
weave
.
woven
[
"wo v@n
] past participle of
weave.
wrap
[
"rAp
] n. a shawl or a scarf; a
coat or cape.

get
something
wrapped up

have
something
wrapped up

keep
something
under wraps
wrap
someone or something
(up)
[
"rAp...
] to enclose someone or
something in a cover.
wrap
something
up
[
"rAp
] to bring
something to an end; to conclude
something.
wrath
[
"rAT
] n. severe anger, espe-
cially from someone with a lot of
power. (No plural.)
wreak vengeance (up)on
some-
one or something
to seek and get
revenge on someone or a group by
harming someone or the group.
wreath
[
"riT
] n., irreg. a decoration
of flowers and leaves arranged in a
certain shape, especially a circle.
(Plural: [
"riTs
] or [
"riDz
].)
wreathe
[
"riD
] tv. to make a circle
around something.
wreck
[
"rEk
]
1.
n. a serious acci-
dent, especially where something
is destroyed.
2.
n. a ruined vehicle
that remains after a serious acci-
dent.
3.
n. someone or something
that is a mess. (Figurative on W.)
4.
tv. to destroy something.
wreckage
[
"rEk IdZ
] n. whatever
remains after a serious accident or
disaster. (No plural. Treated as
singular.)
wrench
[
"rEntS
]
1.
n. a tool that
turns nuts, bolts, pipes, and other
objects into or out of position.
2.
tv. to twist or pull something
with force.
3.
tv. to injure a part
of the body by twisting it or
pulling it.
wrestle
[
"rEs @l
]
1.
tv. to force
someone or something loose,
down, away, etc., with force.
2.
iv.
to participate in a sport in which
ones wrestles one’s opponent
down as in Q.
wringer
[
"rIN #
] n. an old-fash-
ioned washing machine that
removes water from clothes by
pressing them as the clothes are
passed between two rollers.

put
someone
through the wringer
wrinkle
[
"rIN k@l
]
1.
n. a crease; a
small fold or line, such as in cloth-
ing that has not been ironed or on
the skin of an old person.
2.
iv. to
become creased; to get small lines
in one’s skin or on the surface of
something.
3.
tv. to cause some-
one’s skin or the surface of some-
thing to have Q; to cause creases,
folds, or lines to form on the sur-
face of someone or something.
wrist
[
"rIst
] n. the part of the body
where the hand joins the lower
part of the arm.
would’ve
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