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Bị động đảo ngữ (COMMENT để NHẬN PPT)

PASSIVE VOICE


WARM UP
Match the sentences with the correct tenses

1. I speak English with my friend.
2. She wrote a letter yesterday.
3. Ba is doing his homework now.
4. We have studied English for 6 years.
5. They will visit Ha Long Bay next week.
6. He was watching TV at 7.00 yesterday .

A. The present progressive
tense
B. The past progressive tense
C. The present simple tense
D. The present perfect tense
F. The simple past tense
G. The simple future tense


Time
15
489567321
is10
over


WARM UP
Match the sentences with the correct tenses
1. I speak English with my friend.
C. The present simple tense

2. She wrote a letter yesterday.
F. The simple past tense

3. Ba is doing his homework now.
D. The present progressive tense

4. We have studied English for 6 years.
B. The present perfect tense

5. They will visit Ha Long Bay next week.
G. The simple future tense

6. He was watching TV at 7.00 yesterday .
A. The past progressive tense


1.The sentence generally begins with the performer of action( subject),
then the verb, then the object or the person that the action is performed
on. That is called an “active sentence”.( câu chủ động)
EX:

Subject
I

+ verb
speak

+ object


English.

2. Now, if we begin sentence with the object or person that the action is
performed on, we formulate a “passive sentence”.( câu bị động)


A. THEORY:

THE PASSIVE VOICE

I. How to formulate the passive voice:
To formulate a passive sentence:
1. Put the object of the verb at the beginning of the sentence;
2. Conjugate the verb to be in the same tense as the active
sentence;
3. Put the main verb in the Past Participle form.
EX:
ACTIVE: __
I draw a picture.

S

V

O

The picture is drawn (by me)
* Main form of the passive voice:
PASSIVE:

SUBJECT

+ BE

+ P.P

(+ BY OBJECT).


THE PASSIVE VOICE

I. How to formulate the passive voice:

II.The passive voice of different tenses:
Tense
Active

4. Present progressive

I do it.
I did it.
I will do it.
I am doing it.

5. Past progressive

I was doing it.

1. Present simple
2. Past simple
3. Future simple

I have done it.
* Forms of passive voice in different tenses:
6. Present perfect

1. Present simple tense:
2. Past simple tense:
3. Future simple tense:
4. Present progressive tense:
5. Past progressive tense:
6. Present perfect tense:

S + be + P.P
Passive
It __
is done.
____ done.
It was
It will
be done.
_______
It is
being done.
________
It was
being done.
_________
_________
It has
been done.

Subject + am/ is /are + P. P
Subject + was/ were + P. P
Subject + will + be + P. P
Subject + am/ is/ are + being + P. P
Subject + was/ were+ being + P. P
Subject + have/ has + been + P. P


THE PASSIVE VOICE

I. How to formulate the passive voice:

II.The passive voice of the different tenses:
III. The passive voice of other structures:
do

S + BE + P. P

=> be done
Active

Passive

- ‘be going to”

I am going to do it.

It __________
is going to be done.

- ‘have to’

I have to do it.

- ‘used to’

I used to do it.

It has
to be done.
_____

- ‘modal verbs’
( can, may...)

I can do it.

It used
to be done.
_______
It can
___ be done.

• Forms of modal verbs:
Subject + modal verbs + be + P. P


THE PASSIVE VOICE

2. In expressions containing the gerund:
doing => doing done
Active
Passive
- avoid
-> I avoid seeing him.
-> He avoids
____ being seen.
____ being
- don’t mind -> I don’t mind teaching her. -> She doesn’t mind
taught.
• Forms of gerunds:

Subject

avoid
+ mind
like
dislike
hate
enjoy......

+ being + P.P.


B. EXERCISES :

Who is faster?

I. Writing the past participle forms of the verbs:
V- infinitive
V- P.P
1. speak
-> 1. spoken
2. live
-> 2. lived
3. build
-> 3. built
4. read
-> 4. read
5. plant
-> 5. planted
6. write
-> 6. written
7. give
-> 7. given
8. cook
-> 8. cooked
20
9. hold
-> 9. held
10. wash
-> 10. washed
11. make
-> 11. made
12. do
-> 12. done
13. study
-> 13. studied
14. clean
-> 14. cleaned
15. see
-> 15. seen
16. have
-> 16. had

Time17
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40
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11
456789231is over

TIME FOR WRITING


B. EXERCISES
I. Writing the past participle forms of the verbs:
II. Active or Passive voice:
Passive
1. She is given a new pencil.____________________________
Active
2. It was a beautiful girl.________________________________
Passive
3. He was taken to the hospital.__________________________
Active
4. My father is driving his car to work._____________________
Active
5. She will visit Ha Long Bay next summer._________________
Passive
6. Many posters will be bought.__________________________
Passive
7. English has been studied._____________________________
Active
8. He can draw this picture.______________________________
Passive
9. Homework is being done._____________________________
Passive
10. He hates being seen.________________________________


B. EXERCISES
I. Writing the past participle forms of the verbs:
II. Active or passive:
III. Multiple choice:

Play a game:
Who is millionaire?


1. English _____________all over the world.

50:50

A. was spoken

B. is
spoken
B.
is spoken

C. are spoken

1

2

D. spoken

3

4

5


2. This house _____________for two months.

50:50

A. has built

B. built
D. has
has been
been built
built
D.

C. was built
1

2

3

4

5


3. The party ________________tonight.

50:50

A. is going held

B. is held

C. is going to be held
1

2

3

4

D. is going to held
5


4. The lessons_______________by the students now.

50:50

B. are being written

A. are writing
C. are written
1

2

3

D. is being written
4

5


5. The dog ________to the park at 5.00 p.m yesterday.

50:50

B. was
wasbeing
beingtaken
taken

A. is being taken

C. is taken
1

2

D. was taken
3

4

5


6. The dress must___________ in cold water.

50:50

A. to be washed

B. be washed

C. be wash

D. to washed

1

2

3

4

5


7._______the meeting ________next week?

50:50

A. Will ...... held

B. Will........ be hold

Will........be
held
C.C.Will.......
be held
1

2

3

4

D. Will .......hold
5


8. Mistakes_____________since last week.

50:50

A. were made

B. have been made

C. are made
1

2

D. was made
3

4

5


9. I don’ t like ................ by other people.

50:50

B. shouting

A. shouted

D.being
beingshouted
shouted
D.

C. being shout
1

2

3

4

5


10. She .....................to his birthday party last night.

50:50

A. invited

B. was invite

wasinvited
invited
C.C.was
1

2

3

D. were invited
4

5


B. EXERCISES:
I. Writing the past participle forms of the verbs:
II. Active or passive:
III. Multiple choice:
IV. Putting the following verbs in passive voice:
are watered
1. The flowers ______________________(
water) everyday.
has been built
2. This bridge_____________________________(
build) for two months.
was cleaned
3. The room ______________________________(
clean) carefully one day ago.
4. These dresses _________________(
sell) next week.
will be sold
are being done
5. The tests______________________(
do) by the students now.
6. The letter_____________________
( send) to the post office at that time.
was being sent
7. Tea can’t_______________________________(
make) in cold water.
be made
has been held
8. The 1st exam ___________________________(
hold) since last week.
9. The animals in the zoo___________________(feed)
twice a day.
are fed
10. I enjoy________________________________(take)
care of.
being taken


B. EXERCISES
I. Writing the past participle forms of the verbs:
II. Active or passive:
III. Multiple choice:
IV. Putting the following verbs in passive voice
V. Using passive voice to rewrite the sentences:

Play a game:
THE GOLDEN RING BELL


They use milk for making cheese and butter .

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10


My mother is preparing the dinner in the kitchen now .

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10


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