A HUMAN RESOURCE PLAN FOR PHARUNG SHIPYARD COMPANY IN
Science and technology has great progress step, is creating opportunities and
challenges for businesses. In general the issue of human resources and human
resources management in particular will be a topic that are of social management
and enterprise very interested because it is one of the decisive factors in the
development of society and the business. Human resources management is a
difficult and complex fields, it has just as the harmonious combination between
legal institutions, consisting of science, politics and culture - art, can say it is the
problem related to the value system, standards of social life. Therefore, HR
management has must be ability to analyze and brought out with solutions designed
an optimal organization to implement the strategic goals for the development of
business and go to affirm the brand name business. In any what period, HR also
plays a very important role, especially in the modern economy with the explosion of
the world economy and explosion of science and technology, so that human
resources is even more important role. Human resources and particularly highquality human resources both a tremendous resource, and driving force of labor
productivity growth, it is a precondition for the organization viable in a competitive
environment. Thus in the organization, HR planning, training and development,
evaluate the work effectiveness of staff needs to be done with the organization and
planning. With revolutionary storm scientific and technical development,
technology and development trend of knowledge economy updating knowledge and
equipment to employees to fulfill their assigned work is an indispensable
requirement. Therefore, administrators need to build and implement human
resource plan as part of the overall plan of the enterprise
In this essay framework, our group would like to establish a plan to prepare
HR for Pharung Shipyard Company in 2015
2.1 General Introduction
Pharung Shipyard Company was established on 25/ 03/ 1984 with land use
area is 45 ha, construction area is 40 ha. Is company specializing in shipbuilding
and ship repairing, specialized ships requiring high technical and currently, the
company's headquarters in Minh Duc town - Thuy Nguyen - Hai Phong - Vietnam.
Pharung Shipyard Company previously Pharung Shipyard Repair Plant is a
partnership between the Vietnam Government and the Finland Republic was put
into operation from 25/ 3 /1984. Originally, Company was established to repair
shipyard to15.000 tons. Over 20 years operation, Company has repaired nearly
thousand ships of the local and national reputation in the world as: Russian
Federation, Germany, Greece, South Korea, Singapore... achieve high quality. The
company is one of the leading units in the repair all shipyard high requirements
technical such as liquefied natural gas tankers, ships in service rigs... Pharung
Shipyard Company is one of the leading establishments of Vietnam has brand and
reputation in the shipyard repair field.
Recent years, company has begun to participate in new shipyard assembling.
The company has completed and delivered to customers almost ten ships with a
tonnage from 6500 tons to 12500 tons. That's the premise to Pharung Shipyard
Company implementation new shipyard assembling contracts ship types with hightech features to export as oil tankers / 6500 chemical tons for Korea, double hull
cargo ship of 34,000 tons for the United Kingdom currently being implemented in
the company. The output and revenue in 2014 of Company is higher than 10 times
in 2005. Plan in 2015, the company strives to achieve total output value is 1,500
billion and revenue on VND 1,000 billion.
Implement strategic economic development sea of Party, State and the
Vietnam Shipbuilding Industry Group, the company is implementing construction
projects, Song Gia shipbuilding Company can play kind of ships 100.000 tons,
building Dinh VuVinashin industrial including the seaport system and the auxiliary
industry, build and repair shipyard factory in Yen Hung - Quang Ninh...
Now a day, Pharung Shipyard Company including the parent company, five
one member ltd., 5 with dominant contributed capital JSC of company
Product of company
A newly products of Pharung is U noi about 4.200 tons to serve the repair
shipyard at company, followed building successful freighter about 6.300 DWT for
Vinashinline. Following the success, Pharung has successfully produced a series of
shipyard with modern building for all domestic and foreign ships as: bulk carriers
seri 6500 DWT, 12.500 DWT, 20.000 DWT for ship owner of Vinaline; tanker /
chemical 6.500 DWT seri the Korea Ship owners; tanker / chemical 13.000 DWT
seri for Greek Ship owners; cargo ship 34.000 DWT the UK, Italy ship owner seri;
seri fishing boats, tug boats, tug ships, naval patrol ship …
The product after the handover and put into operation, ship owner are appreciated
for the quality. With success in two series tanker / chemical ship 6.500DWT and
13.000 DWT, Pharung was known by customers as a reputable unit and rich
experience in building tankers / chemical.
Total area is used: 112 ha.
2.2. Assess the current state of human resources.
2.2.1. About number of employees:
Up to this point 31/08/2014, the total number of employees in the company
is 2648 in that have 233 female workers.
The Management Board has experience training in Finland, Poland and Japan.
Engineering Technology, technical specialists are trained in the country and abroad.
Skilled workers. Workers welding certificates 3G, 4G and 6G of the registration
grant VR, KR, NK, GL-DNV, BV…
There are training programs the skills and qualifications enhance for the employee's
To ease the work of assessment and planning HR, workforce of the company
are divided into groups: management and production labor and direct production
Management labor group is a main leaders, the direct operating activities of
the company as: Director-General, the Deputy Director, leaders of specialized
departments, professional …. Currently the company has 49 peoples in this group.
Production labour group of company is staff of the departments under:
Organization - Staff - Labour, Finance - Accounting, Room Supplies, Business
Manager …. ; those working in the field of logistics, health care and life as kitchen
workers, medical clinics; those under guard; Parts of driving … There are currently
403 employees heading for production of the company.
Finally, the direct production labor: that is primarily workforce, accounted
for the majority of the company's employees, most of these people are technicians
and technical staff. By the time 31/08/2014, the total number of employees directly
involved in the production of Pharung is 2520 poeples.
On the basis worth of total number employees working, the company will
know the labor force holding company that is how many people, percentage
relationship between the number of workers directly engaged with the number of
CNA workforce management and service production. This rate has not yet
reasonable, more or less, if many workers should be cut in which parts, if lacking in
part, to need how much additional labor.
2.2.2. About quality (level) labor
Along with the assessment about the number employees, assessing the quality of
labor is a very important job. With characteristics of a company building and ship
repair, the quality of labor issues to the fore as in the current period, the training the
workers is a full technical qualities, meet the requirements of the job is not so easy.
When evaluating human resources in terms of quality, company is divided
into 2 groups: labor, management and technical workers group.
For ease of comparison and evaluation of the rate, labor structure, the
company divides the labor management group into two smaller parts. It is the staff
who work in the field of technical and economic officials. To assess the quality of
the labor group, the company based on education and qualifications of each person:
How many staff on the college level: Masters and PhD students. How many staff
have university degrees, how many people have college degrees, school.
For technical workers, criteria for assessing the quality of the company's
workers are qualified technician level. Company should share of workers this
technique into each worker, different professions. In this small group, will be split
and evaluated according to grade level workers. In the company, the level is 7/7
level with the highest skill level, the lowest level is 1/7. Currently, there are huge
differences between groups of workers Career: the level of qualified workers
skilled (6 and 7 grade) is less while the number of workers with secondary skill is
very much, dominated of technical workers of the company.
On the basis evaluation of the quantity labor, Companies will know the
relationship between quality and quantity of labor, skilled labor like dominated
technical workers meet the production requirements of the business in the future
yet. Which part is the most lack, lack of how qualified people … Since then, the
company will identify the needs of their workforce in the future.
Some scientific and technical staff in the company has university degree
(engineering, bachelor) were expressed in the following tables:
Table 1: Staff members of Pharung Shipyard Company
Kind of majors
Safety of goods ensure
Electrification and civil
Finance and Accounting ,
English, Russian, French
Statistical math information
With the total number of technical workers is 2104 peoples, company has
distributed to each specific type of worker and different industries:
Assembling (iron) Ship;
Total in2104 workers are assigned according to the level of worker: 1/7, 2/7,
3/7, 4/7, 5/7, 6/7, 7/7 level. 1/7 is occupied 218 peoples, 2/7 is occupied 1104
peoples, 3/7 is occupied 246 peoples, 4/7 is occupied 184 peoples, 5/7 is occupied
153 peoples, 6/7 is occupied 84 peoples, 7/7 is occupied 28 peoples. Thus the
number of qualified technicians 2/7 is the most occupied and 7/ 7 level is occupied
at least. The company has regular opened classes and training practices to improve
skills level for workers and technical workers. According to the statistics above
shows the skill level of employees in the company are not high. So the regular
training for workers is an essential work to improve the efficiency of production of
According to reports on the response of human resources in first six of 2014
About technicians: The number engineers have just graduated to lack of practical
experience, Head units assigned mentor training directly in the actual production
under Rule 62 recruitment- the decision 1 and content practice for newly graduated
engineers were issued by the Company. Especially the knowledge of welding
training, thermal deformation processing for the new engineer-manager.
Particularly engineer shell ship still not enough to meet the unit, by the number
of engineers shell ship graduate of the Marine University is limited, yet meet the
evolving needs of IT industry overheating.
To attract engineers specialized shipbuilding, past General Director of the
company has linked ship course of Maritime University contact the organization to
communicate with student in third and fourth-year students. The company has
applied mid-shift meal allowance and travel for students in shipbuilding majors
internships in company. With many preferential policies for students in shipbuilding
majors, to create favorable conditions for students with good academic future of the
company will work and dedication to the company. This will be a great resource
engineers graduated with high technical level contribute to improving the
productivity of the company later.
The company has an allowance 200.000 VND / month for engineers, bachelor
has just qualified with salary is 1/8.
The company is planning to link with Marine University service training class
engineers shell with second certificate at company.
In short with many policies and allowances regime for engineers and bachelor
has just graduated, along with preparing students graduated of Marine University.
The company has created good conditions contribute to improving life in terms of
physical and mental everyday people, motivate people more spiritual work better.
Regarding technical workers: The company has carried out checks, examination
for new workers recruitment with training content, level standards prescribed
workers workers by the company. Doing this enables the company to recruit
workers with the quality of the first companies to suit the needs of a lack of
resources companies, as well as ensuring the technical level of response for all
activities of the company
The company has trained DNV certificate registration for: 85 welders... Open
training for white steel welding technology for 15 welders tube and 25 welders. In
addition, the company also handles training classes, bending deformation
distribution, total segment in the building for 87 people.
But in terms of infrastructure and technical infrastructure has limitations due to
the ground, narrow buildings, equipment working tools is not enough... For that
reason, the unit can not receive new workers for additional training 2nd base
according to the plans of the company. This also causes the recruitment rate
technicians first 6 months of 2014 were lower. Also present has 115 welder
company checkup eligible but not arrange the job.
2.3. Build a human resource plan in 2015
2.3.1 Pursuant to build
To build the additional human resource plan, company must be based on the
Planning and producing annual business, with particular attention to the
The value of total production
Revenue consumption plan period
Quantity, product structure
The number of repair and new build vessel
Kind of ship: cargo, tankers, chemical ships …
Each type of ships tonnage: 6.500 tons, 13.500 tons, 20.000
tons, 34.000 tons …
Plan-scale development of the company
Expansion establishments, current production capacity
Construction of the new facility more
Capacity, equipment, technology
Growth of annual labor (ratio% annual increase labor)
Number of employees annual reduced natural: retirement, death, injured
workers labor lost; employees leaving …
Number of refresh displaced employees
Based on the production business in 2014 and member units organization of
Pharung Shipyard Company and production and business planning of Vietnam
Shipbuilding Industry group and Pharung Shipyard Company production has
business planning in 2015 as follows:
The basic cost of Pharung Shipyard Company in 2015:
Consisting of Pharung Shipyard Company, three Liability Company One
Member co,.Ltd ( old branch) and Five share capital JSC is dominated by Pharung
1. Obligations paying: 50.504.416.000 vnd ~103 % compared in 2014
2. Business income: 12.950.148.000 vnd ~214 % compared in 2014
3. Production :1.497.548.295.000 vnd ~ 205.4 % compared in 2014
4.Revenue :1.131.907.819.000 vnd ~191 % s compared in 2014
In addition, the company also based on the development salary in 2015 plans
for additional employees. Based on the results of annual employees in 2014 and the
actual condition of the company in 2015, Pharung Shipyard Company construction
cost salary in 2015 as follows:
Table 2: Aost salary building in 2015
Name of target
Every year companies to build more production facilities as well as the
expansion of many buildings to serve the production process. Besides the many
shopping facilities and apply new advances in science and technology to
significantly improve the productivity of the company's operations.
The plan supplements the company's labor issues based on the annual number of
employees of the company: retired, died, leaving... or the number labor to other
places to work.
2.3.2. Calculate, determine the demand for labor need additional tasks to meet
production and business
Based on the above basis the company will identify the needs of their human
resources in the planning. The company identified in its parts are lacking parts
employees, employees that is how, skilled employees of the stars: higher or lower
university degree or postgraduate … Additional employees needs of the company
are divided into 2 groups: group employees management and technical workers.
Each group has its own requirements, in particular. With employees management
will be the scientific and technical personnel and economic officials, criteria will be
given the required level of education, the company will need how qualified staff.
With technical workers, the demand for labor will be divided by level of worker.
2.3. 3. Employees supply
- Training school managers have a university degree and over university
provided by the school as: Maritime University, Science and Technology
University, National Economics University, Academy of finance University…
- Training and technical workers school:
+ The Central Vocational College of Transport Number 2;
+ I Maritime College;
+ Maritime Vocational College I;
+ Aquatic High School …
2.4. Training plan and human resources development
In addition to scheduling labor and training plan and human resources
development, includes the content following:
2.4.1. Training needs analysis
About training needs
Company has often applied method of determining training needs dbased on
the total amounts of working time for each project, each building products of the
Totally new training, more vocational training: Apply for hiring new
workers due to lack of human needs or those from other parts do not move to
become familiar with the work. New training needs are identified through the
balance of annual labor:
Labor needs to recruit = The demand for labor should have in following year –
current employees in the previous year.
With the staff has just apply, Companies pay special attention to training
with form of direct instruction is led by people with extensive experience in the job,
can also be based on the next target of the company that new employees participate
in other training courses. Aew employees recruitment of company's annual about 25
people, in that 70% is engineering construction workers and 30% is officers and
Based on the number employees working in departments to detect surplus
and shortage labor and have measures the most use reasonable employers.
Ccompany balance in the departments of human by transferring surplus labor from
to shortage department, associated with the conduct of training for employees.
Every year the company transferred employees between departments, to make full
use of human resources in the company.
The method used in the evaluation training needs by means of
questionnaires, interview and use the results in the expression evaluation work
hardly be applied which is often used method of observation and through collective
About training subject:
Reality identify training objects as indirect labor: The company regularly
sent staff to attend classes senior political theory. Criteria for participation in this
training include: Employees must be party members, level university or higher
(formal or in-service training), work experience, age over 35. Based on this criteria
the company annually determines the training courses number participants (usually
8 -10 people).
For engineers, bachelor, staff the company has policies concerned with
training and development of this object. Companies often training, short courses or
those with high levels of security companies directly, mentoring. Every year the
company also organizes short-term classes open 3times / year to create conditions
for employees to learn and improve continuously.
For subjects trained is technical workers: As companies operating in the
construction sector should especially pay attention to the training of workers. The
training took place primarily for workers is to retrain and improve skills for
workers. Before conducting the training, Companies also have to the level exams
keep, workers must meet the criteria for time keeping and standard grade exam
grade promotion, if they pass this exam to participate in the contest increment.
Main form exam consists of two parts: theory and practice. With any participating
employees must adhere to the principle, rules of competition.
2.4.2. Identify training objectives and content training methods
About training objectives:
With training courses to enhance professional qualifications the quality of
the workforce after training is top priority, assessed by the number employees at
university level, College, Intermediate and increased levels of Workers. The
company evaluated the high quality workforce because qualified workers raised
Effective work, labor productivity also increases as the level of labor is raised,
value-added production and workers will be interested in more jobs and stimulate
employees with salaries and wages to be paid more.
With more vocational training, additional training to new knowledge, initial
skills necessary for employment or job transfer or new staff into the company: this
training course purpose create conditions for employees to grasp, get acquainted
with the work and complete business plan produced in each period.
About training method:
The Company apply the training method mainly vocational training,
mentoring and sent to study directing at the center. Percentage of people trained in
all methods by company, applied to the total number of workers trained accounts
for a relatively high proportion but tends to decrease over the years: in 2012
occupied 66,23%, in 2013 occupied 42,71%, in 2014 occupied 41,49%.
Methods of training centers: The company sent workers to the center of
professional training to attend. According to this method the students acquire
knowledge easily and more systematic, but it requires greater training costs.
Style training methods directing and tutoring: This method applies to all
officers and employees. Workers receive training in the form of huge but tend to fall
through the water in 2012 is 157 poeples, in 2013 is 63 poeples, in 2014 is 53
poeples. The cause of this change is in the process of training the employee is not to
acquire knowledge in a systematic way, prone to repeat according to the gaps,
errors of the guide, not create innovative working environment for workers,
especially not grasp the knowledge of modern science and technology.
The unfocused method training: This method primarily applicable for
officials and employees, usually short-term training courses. The class professional
training to improve the knowledge of the officials and employees before the change
of in management policy or change of the business environment. Number
employees trained in this method decreased over the years has stabilized and went
into operation in the form shares (In 2012: 28 poeples, in 2014: 25 poeples), Some
workers were sent for training knowledge of equitization large proportion.
2.4.3. Identify funding for training
Study costs for the human resources training can include: Salaries for
school. Training costs include remuneration for teachers, cost of materials,
accommodation and catering expenses courses …
Based on all content about plans to develop human resources mentioned
above and personnel training plan of Pharung Shipyard Company is shown in the
Table3: HR training plan of Pharung Shipyard Company.
Training costs (VND)
In the market economy, businesses often faced with the rules of market, so that
the sign of market is the basis for enterprises to perform acts production business.
However, planning management mechanism is still needed, effectiveness of
In the HR business plan is an essential part of the direct impact on revenue
and profitability of the business. The problem of increased headcount in the
business, quality, number of how employees in businesses? This is a very important
issue was interested by all the planners. Planning permission personnel managers
and HR department forecast needs the future HR of business and supply capacity
labor. If the business does not meet the needs number HR and type labor can target
and operational strategy will not achieved.
So to implement HR plan is one of the basic elements for the successful
implementation of business strategy.
1. Human Resource Management Lecture
2. Human Resource Management text book - Publisher social workers. Editor:
MA Nguyen Van Diem - Assoc Nguyen Ngoc Quan
3. Capacity Profile of Pharung Shipyard Company in 2014 – Organization and
4. The training of human resources development report of Pharung Shipyard
Company in 2013, 2014