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Summary: A comparison on some traditional beliefs and values between Vietnamese and American culture

A. INTRODUCTION
1. Rationale
In the context of globalization of the world, the area of cross-cultural
communication has become more and more popular. However, each culture has its
own features. We can not understand all cultures in the world.
Positioning in two opposite sides of the world, America and Vietnam are
different not only in geography but also in culture. Vietnam has a unique culture,
long history associated with the formation and development of the nation.
Vietnamese culture has been influenced by different cultures: first by the Chinese
culture during the one-thousand year Chinese Empire; then by French Colony of
one hundred years. Nevertheless, the typical values and characteristics of
Vietnamese culture have not faded away but have been preserved and enriched in
our societies of all periods.
United States is a multicultural nation, is home to many diverse ethnic
groups, traditions, and values. American is regarded as “a salad bowl” where the
various groups have remained somewhat distinct and different from one another,
making up a richly diverse American culture.
American culture and traditions have many differences with Vietnamese
culture and traditions. With the process of globalization, our country will have a
negative impact on all aspects of the world that the country faced. The situation
and the above trends will create both opportunities and challenges intertwined with

the development of the country in the coming years. With the desire of finding
some similarities and differences between Vietnamese and American culture. So,
researcher chooses this study to research: “A comparison on some traditional
beliefs and values between Vietnamese and American culture.”
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As stated above, the study aims to do analysis on some traditional
Vietnamese and American beliefs and values; and find out the similarities and
differences between Vietnamese culture and American culture.
2. Previous research
Although there are some researches on Vietnamese and American cultural
values, they do not show the similarities and differences between two cultures. For
example, in the research on Vietnamese and American cultural values by Vu Thi
Thanh Huyen (2009) only showed that some traditional values in American and
Vietnamese culture and their reflection on television advertisement in this research
“A Vietnamese- American cross cultural study on cultural refection of television
advertisement”. In addition, Le Thi Van Nga (2011) also showed that Vietnamese
and American cultural values in general and how they effect on business
negotiation in the research of “Some reflections of Vietnamese and American
cultural values on Vietnamese- American business negotiation.”
This is the first time the study: “A comparison on some traditional beliefs
and values between Vietnamese and American culture” is carried out in Hung
Vuong University. This study will focus on studying about American and
Vietnamese traditional cultural values as well as finding the similarities and
differences between two countries.
3. Research Purpose
The purpose of this study is to give an overview about culture, traditional
beliefs and values, analyze some Vietnamese and American traditional values, and
finally find out the similarities and differences between two cultures.
4. Research Questions
The study will find the answers for the following questions:
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- What are traditional Vietnamese beliefs and values in general?
- What are traditional American beliefs and values in general?
- What are the similarities and differences between Vietnamese and
American cultural values?
5. Methodology


5.1. Research procedure
- Studying the literature review about culture, traditional values and some
Vietnamese and American traditional cultural values.
- Making a study of Vietnamese and American traditional values.
- Finding out the similarities and differences between Vietnamese and
American culture.
5.2. Methods of Data Collection
Theoretical method
By using this method, the researcher can give the background about
traditional American values and Vietnamese values in general.
- Collecting materials: find out the related materials about traditional
Vietnamese and American beliefs and values.
- Analysis method: from data got from the field study analyzing to get the
final results.
- Comparison and contrast method: in order to find out the similarities and
differences between Vietnamese and American culture.
Systematized method
This method is used to systematize materials relating to the study.
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6. The Significance of the research
- The study helps the researcher improve the knowledge about American
traditional values and Vietnamese traditional values in general.
- It helps students who learn about English gain knowledge about
traditional American values and American culture and also Americans who want to
discover about Vietnamese culture.
7. The Scope of the research
The focus of this study is to analyze some typical cultural values of the two
countries: Vietnam (freedom, patriotism, strong sense of community, familyoriented lifestyle, harmony, adaptability, directness) and American (freedom,
patriotism, individualism, progress and Future- Oriented competition and equality,
self-reliance, indirectness) and to find out what the similarities and differences
between Vietnam and American culture.
8. Research outline
PART A: INTRODUCTION
1.Rationale

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2. Previous studies

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3.Research purpose

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4. Research Questions

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5.Metholodogy

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6. The significance of the Research

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7. The Scope of the Research

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8.Research outline

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PART B: MAJOR CONTENT
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Chapter 1: Literature review
1.1. Culture
1.1.1. Definitions of culture
1.1.2. Concepts of culture
1.1.3.The characteristics of culture
1.1.4. The value of culture
1.2. Traditional values
1.2.1. Definition of traditional values
1.2.2. Some Vietnamese traditional values
1.2.3. Some American traditional values
Chapter 2: Analyzing some traditional beliefs and values in
Vietnamese and American culture
2.1. Vietnamese cultural values
2.1.1. Freedom
2.1.2. Patriotism
2.1.3. Strong sense of community
2.1.4. Family-oriented lifestyle
2.1.5. Wishing to live in harmony with nature and people
2.1.6. Adaptability
2.1.7. Indirectness
2.2.American cultural values
2.2.1. Freedom
2.2.2. Patriotism
2. 2.3. Individualism
2.2.4. Self-reliance
2.2.5. Competition and equality
2.2.6. Progress and Future-oriented
2.2.7. Directness
Chapter 3: The similarities and differences between some traditional
beliefs and values in Vietnamese and American culture
3.1. Similarities
3.1.1.Freedom
3.1.2. Patriotism
3.2. Differences
3.2.1. Family life
3.2.2. Individualism
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3.2.3. Lifestyle
3.2.4. Thinking method
3.2.5. Attitude towards nature and people
3.3. Implications
3.3.1 For people who access Vietnamese and/or American culture
3.3.2. For English teaching and learning
PART C: CONCLUSION
1. Major findings
2. Limitations of the research
3. Suggestions for the further research
4. Conclusion

B. METHODOLOGY
The researcher mainly uses two kinds of data collecting instrument. They
consist of theoretical- study method and comparison and contrast method.
However, with all the effort on collecting and analyzing data, the researcher finds
outs the similarities and differences of American and Vietnamese traditional
cultural values. To complete this study, the researcher collects information from
many reliable sources such as books, magazines, newspapers, and online
documents in a long time. Then the researcher has studied and selected the
essential details related to the study in order to mention in the study. In the study,
the researcher gives the literature review related to the research such as culture,
traditional values, and some Vietnamese and American traditional values. Through
collecting and studying the information, the researcher finds out the similarities
and main differences between two cultures.
C. THE RESULTS OF THE STUDY
Through collecting and studying the information, the researcher finds that
there are two similarities between American and Vietnamese culture. They are the
value of freedom and patriotism. Besides, the researcher also works out the five
main differences between American and Vietnamese culture. The first one is the
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difference in family life. The second one is the difference in the sense of individual
in both countries. Another difference is lifestyle in two countries. The fourth is the
difference in thinking method between two countries. And the last one is the
attitude towards people and nature. The researcher believes that the findings of this
research would help all of the English learners get more information and
knowledge about American and Vietnamese culture. Hopefully, it would be a
helpful material for cultural lovers who want to discover the American and
Vietnamese culture.
D. CONCLUSION
1. Major findings
In conclusion, this study focuses on studying about American and
Vietnamese traditional cultural values as well as finds the similarities and
differences between two countries. To complete this study, the researcher collects
information from many reliable sources such as books, magazines, newspapers,
and online documents in a long time. Then the researcher has studied and selected
the essential details related to the study in order to mention in the study. In the
study, the researcher gives the literature review related to the research such as
culture, traditional values, and some Vietnamese and American traditional values.
Through collecting and studying the information, the researcher finds that there are
two similarities between American and Vietnamese culture. They are the value of
freedom and patriotism. Besides, the researcher also works out the five main
differences between American and Vietnamese culture. The first one is the
difference in family life. The second one is the difference in the sense of individual
in both countries. Another difference is lifestyle in two countries. The fourth is the
differrence in thinking method in two countries. And the last one is the difference
in the attitude towards people and nature between two countries. The researcher
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believes that the findings of this research would help all of the English learners get
more information and knowledge about American and Vietnamese culture.
Hopefully, it would be a helpful material for cultural lovers who want to discover
the American and Vietnamese culture.
2. Limitations of the research
Although the research has been seriously studied, this research cannot
avoid some shortcomings. The following limitations are still inevitable.
Firstly, the study has been conducted in limited time. The researcher
therefore has little time to collect information fully and study it carefully. As the
result, the study only focuses on analyzing some similarities and differences of
some American and Vietnamese traditional cultural values. The study cannot cover
all of the similarities and differences between them.
Secondly, it is the fact that the researcher of the paper when implementing
this research has no chance to go to America and directly find out American
culture. Therefore, the researcher, to complete this study, mainly depends on
information from books, newspapers, magazines and online documents.
Finally, in present study, the researcher mainly uses two kinds of data
collecting instrument. They consist of theoretical- study method and comparison
and contrast method. However, with all the effort on collecting and analyzing data,
the researcher finds outs the similarities and differences of American and
Vietnamese traditional cultural values. The researcher believes that this study could
be a valuable and reliable one.
3. Suggestions for further research
In this study, the researcher has studied about American and Vietnamese
traditional cultural values culture. However, due to the limited one, knowledge and
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materials as well as little experience, the researcher only focuses on some
similarities and differences between them. The study cannot cover all aspects of the
similarities and differences. Hopefully, in the future, there will be a research
conducted to work out more similarities and differences about American and
Vietnamese culture.
4. Conclusion
In conclusion, the study has studied some Vietnamese and American
traditional cultural values as well as found out some similarities and differences
between them. It is hoped that what has been discussed in the research might be
helpful for students who learn about English gain knowledge about traditional
American values and American culture and also Americans who want to discover
about Vietnamese culture.
E. SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH
In this study, the researcher has studied about American and Vietnamese
traditional cultural values culture. However, due to the limited one, knowledge and
materials as well as little experience, the researcher only focuses on some
similarities and differences between them. The study cannot cover all aspects of the
similarities and differences. Hopefully, in the future, there will be a research
conducted to work out more similarities and differences about American and
Vietnamese culture.

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