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123doc bai tap ve ving vbare va to v

V + V-ing
Cỏc ng t phi cú V-ING theo sau
V + V ing

, V+ to V , V + sb + to V ,V + sb + V-bare inf
Cỏc ng t phi cú
Cỏc ng t + O + To
TO-V theo sau
V infinitive
V + TO V
V+ SB + TO V
1. avoid (trỏnh )
1. afford ( kh nng) 1. advise (khuyờn )
2. agree (ng ý )
2. allow ( cho phộp )
2. admit (tha nhn )
3. appear ( xut hin ) 3. ask ( yờu cu )
3. advise (khuyờn nh )
4. arrange ( sp xp ) 4. beg ( van xin )
4. appreciate (ỏnh giỏ )
5. ask ( hi , yờu cu ) 5. cause ( gõy ra )

5. complete ( hon thnh )
6. beg ( ni n , vanxin) 6. challenge ( thỏch
6. consider ( xem xột )
thc )
7. continue(tiep tuc)=go on= keep on( tip tc 7. care ( chm súc )
8. claim (ũi hi,yờu
7. convince ( thuyt
8. delay ( trỡ hoón )
cu)
phc )
9. deny ( t chi ) give up(từ bỏ)
9. consent ( bng lũng 8. dare ( dỏm )
10. discuss ( tho lun )
10. decide ( quyt nh ) 9. encourage ( khuyn
11. dislike ( khụng thớch )=hate
11. demand ( yờu cu )
khớch )
12. enjoy ( thớch )=like=feel like=love
12.
deserve
(
xng
10.
expect ( mong i )
13. finish ( hon thnh ))
ng)
11. forbid ( cm )
14. mention ( cp )
13. expect ( mong i ) 12. force ( buc )
15. mind ( phin , ngi )
14. fail ( tht bi )
13. hire ( thuờ )
16. miss (nh , b l )
15. hesitate (do d )
14. instruct ( hng dn
17. postpone ( trì hoón ) stop( dừng lại)
16. hope (hi vng )
15. invite ( mi )
18. practice (luyn tp )
17. learn ( hc )


16. need ( cn )
19. quit (ngh , thụi )
18.
manage
(sp
xp
)
17. order ( ra lnh )
20. recall ( nhc nh , nh )
19.
mean

nh
)
18. permit ( cho phộp )
21. recollect ( nh ra )
20.
need
(
cn
)
19. persuade ( thuyt
22. recommend (nhc nh )
21.
offer
(
ngh
)
phc )
23. regret ( tiec rang)Ving =
22.
plan
(
lờn
k
hoch
)
20.
remind ( nhc nh )
be sorry about Ving= be sorry sb for Ving
23.
prepare
(
chun
b
)
21.
require (ũ hi )
24. resent (bc tc )
24.
pretend
(
gi
v
)
22.
teach ( dy )
25. resist (khỏng c )
25. promise ( ha )
23. tell( bo )
26. risk ( ri ro )
26. refuse ( t chi )
24. urge ( thỳc gic )
27. spend (su dung thoi gian,)
27.
seem
(
dng
nh
)
25. want ( mun )
28. suggest ( ngh )
28.
struggle
(u
tranh
)
26. warn ( bỏo trc )
29. tolerate (tha th )
29.
swear
(
xin
th
)
Ex: She allowed me to
30. understand ( hiu )
30.
threaten
(e
do
)
use her car
31. cant help (ko th trỏnh / nhn c )
31.
volunteer
(
tỡnh
32. cant stand ( ko th chu ng c )
nguyn
33. cant bear ( ko th chu ng c )
32.
wait (i )
34. It is no use / It is no good ( vụ ớch)
33. want ( mun )
35. would you mind(cú lm phin...k)
34. wish ( mong )
36. to be used to ( quen vi )
Ex : We agree to start
37. to be / get accustomed to (dn quen vi )
early
38. to be busy ( bn rn )
39. to be worth ( xng ỏng )
40. to look forward to (trụng mong )
41. to have difficulty(in)/ fun / trouble
42. to have a difficult (in) time
43. TO GO + V-ING (các hoạt đông,vui
chơi)
44. be afraid OF =be frightened OF = be
terrfied OF = be scared OF (sợ)
45. be interested IN = be fond OF
= (v) keen ON (thích,quan tâm)
46. be tired OF (mệt)
47. be bored with=be fed up WITH
(chán)
48. be good /bad FOR (tôt /xấu cho)
49. be good/bad AT (giỏi/ dốt về
môn)
50. be surprised / shocke
/amzaed/astonished / AT(BY):
ngạc nhiên,kinh ngạc
* sau gioi tu(in,on,at...) + Ving .*without/
+ving = no+ving(khong)

Try your best ! you will be successful .

Sau n động từ chỉ cảm giác
thì đt giữ nguyên thể k chia.
V + sb + V -bare inf
1 .help (giúp )
2. let (cho phép)
3.find( thấy)
4.seem(dờng nh)
5.make(làm,tạo cho)
+
V_bare inf
6.feel(cảm thấy)
(feel like+ V-ing)
7.look like(trông có vẻ)
8.hear(nghe)
9.observe(quan sát)
10.had better(tốt hơn là)
11.smell(ngửi)
12.taste(có vị)
13.notice(chú ý)
14.watch( xem)
15.become(tro len)
16.sound(nghe )
17.nothing but(k gỡ
nhng ch)
18.cannot but (k cũn cỏch
no hn l... )
*lu ý :
-nếu let/make ở bị động thì V
có to(be let/made +to V)
- S + V ( be, seem, look, feel,...)
+ ADJ + to V(nếu có tính từ
theo
sau V thì phải có to)

1


Lu ý: Mét sè ®éng tõ ®Ỉc biªt cã nh÷ng trêng hỵp kh¸c nhau.
1) to Try(cè g¾ng, thư): - try (cè g¾ng ) + to V
- try ( thư)
+ V-ing
2) to Make (lµm) : - make + sb + V_bare inf (k chia)
-to be made + to V(bÞ b¾t lµm g×...)
3) to need ( cÇn) :
-need + V-bare inf (khi need ®ãng vai trß nh mét ®éng tõ khut thiÕu hay trỵ ®éng tõ )
Ex:I need not earn money(t«i k cÇn kiÕm tiỊn) , Need you type this letter?.no,I needn’t.(b¹n cã cÇn ®¸nh
m¸y bøc th nµy k?k t«i k cÇn)
-need +to V (need lµ ®éng tõ thêng)
Ex: I don’t need to earn money.(t«i k cÇn kiÕm tiỊn)
-need + V-ing ( need mang nghÜa ®ỵc cÇn thiªt trong c©u bÞ ®éng)
Ex: this knife needs sharpening.= this knife needs to be sharpened (con dao nµy cÇn ®ỵc lµm s¾c).
our car needs repairing now.(xe cđa chóng ta cÇn ®c sưa ch÷a ngay)
4) to have (cã):
-mÉu c©u: have/get sth done(V-ed) : cho ai ®ã lam g×.-Ex: I have my car cleaned.(t«i cho ngêi rưa xe cđa t«i)
-mÉu c©u: have sb do sth : nhê ai ®ã lµm g×.-I have my brother clean my car.(t«i nhê anh t«i rưa xe)
5)to get(lam cho) :
-mÉu c©u:get sth done(V-ed) cho ai ®ã lµm g×.-Ex: I get my car cleaned.(t«i cho ngêi rưa xe cđa t«i)
-mÉu c©u:get sb to V sth: nhê,khiÕn ai ®ã lµm g×. -Ex: I get my brother to clean my car.(t«i nhê anh t«i rưa
xe)
6) to suggest ( ®Ị nghÞ):
-1) suggest + Ving
-ex 1: they suggest building a big house.
-2) suggest + sb + V-bare inf
-ex 2: the teacher suggests me stay at home.
+ Should V
the teacher suggests me should stay at home.
-3) suggested + sb + V-ed
-ex 3: my dad suggested me used the red car.
+ should V
my dad suggested me should use the red car.
7) ( would / ’d) prefer = ( would / ’d) rather :(thÝch h¬n) cã 3 trêng hỵp
1-c©u cã 2 ®éng tõ:-(would)prefer+V-ing+sth+to+V-ing+sth=(would)rather+V(bare inf)
+sth+THAN+V(bare inf)+sth:THÝCH LµM G× H¬N LµM G×. Ex: I ’d preper driving car to riding a bike . I’d
rather drive car than ride a bike.(t«i thÝch l¸i «t« h¬n ®i xe m¸y)
2-c©u cã 1 ®«ng tõ:-(would)prefer +to V sth = (would) rather + V(-bare inf) sth: ai ®ã thÝch gi h¬n.
Ex: she would prefer to dance .
= she would rather dance. C« Êy thÝch khiªu vò h¬n.
3-c©u cã sb vµ 1 ®éng tõ. -(’d) prefer + sb + to V sth =(’d) rather + sb + V-ed : thÝch ai ®ã lµm g× h¬n.
Ex: he prefers me to go out now .
= he rathers me went out now . anh Êy thÝch t«i ra ngoµi b©y giê h¬n.
Các trường hợp ngoại lệ khác:
 Allow/ permit/ recommend/ advise …
+ V-ing
+ O + To V
 Stop + to V : dừng lại để….
V-ing: từ bỏ (thói quen)
 Remember + V-ing: nhớ đã làm gì (quá khứ)
To V: nhớ sẽ làm gì (tương lai)
 Forget + V-ing: đã quên làm gì (quá khứ)
To V : Sẽ(không) quên làm gì (tương lai)
 Regret + V-ing: hối hận vì đã…
To V: thông báo một tin xấu
 Try + V-ing: thử làm gì đó
To V: cố gắng làm gì đó
 Need: nếu chủ ngữ chỉ người: S + need, require, want + to V
Nếu chủ ngữ chỉ vật: S + need, require, want + V- ing or to be V(pp)

 Exercise: Choose the best answer:
1. Many young people are fond of -------------- football and other kinds of sports.
A. play
B. to play
C. playing
D. played
2. They couldn’t help -------------- when they heard the little boy singing a love song.
A. laughing
B. to laugh
C. laugh
D. laughed
3. Your house needs -------------- .
A. redecorated
B. redecorating
C. being redecorated
D. to redecorate
4. I remember -------------- them to play in my garden.
A. to allow
B. allow
C. allowing
D. allowed

Try your best ! you will be successful .

2


5. It was a nasty memory. Do you remember both of us wearing sunglasses to avoid -------------- by the
supervisors?
A. to recognize
B. to be recognized
C. recognizing
D. being recognized
6. I can’t bear thinking back of that time. I’d rather -------------- equally.
A. treat
B. be treated
C. have treated
D. treating
7. Did you accuse Nam of -------------- a plate? Well, I saw him -------------- it off the table with his elbow.
A. break/ knock
B. breaking/ knocking
C. to break/ to knock
D. breaking/ knock
8. We found it very difficult -------------- with Gamma.
A. to work
B. work
C. working
D. worked
9. I can’t read when I am traveling. It makes me -------------- sick.
A. feel
B. to feel
C. felt
D. feeling
10. I need -------------- what’s in the letter. Why don’t you let me -------------- it?
A. to know/ to read
B. know/ read
C. to know/ read
D. knowing/ read
11. I suggest -------------- some more mathematical puzzles.
A. do
B. to do
C. doing
D. done
12. We regret -------------- you that we cannot approve your suggestion.
A. inform
B. to inform
C. informing
D. informed
13. The driver stopped -------------- a coffee because he felt sleepy.
A. have
B. to have
C. having
D. had
14. Have you ever considered -------------- a pharmacist?
A. become
B. becoming
C. to become
D. became
15. You had better -------------- at home until you feel better.
A. staying
B. stayed
C. to stay
D. stay
16. I remember -------------- my mother said the grass in the garden needed --------------.
A. to hear/cutting
B. hear/cut
C. heard/to cut
D. hearing/ cutting
17. Peter sometimes help his sister --------------.
A. do homework
B. to do homework
C. with homework
D. all are correct
18. I would rather -------------- at home than --------------out with you.
A. staying/going
B. to stay/ to go
C. stay/go
D. stayed/went
19. I would rather you --------------.
A. drive
B. to drive
C. drove
D. driven
20. She didn’t say a word and left the room.
A. She left the room without saying a word
B. She leaving the room without saying a word
C. She left the room saying a word
D. She left the room to say a word.
21. My father wanted me -------------- a pilot.
A. become
B. to become
C. becoming
D. became
22. Please wait a minute. My boss is busy -------------- something.
A. write
B. writing
C. to write
D. to writing
23. My teacher doesn’t allow us -------------- while he is explaining the lesson.
A. talk
B. to talk
C. talking
D. talked
24. We have plenty of time. We needn’t -------------A. hurry
B. to hurry
C. hurrying
D. hurried
25. I promised -------------- on time. I mustn’t -------------- late.
A. be/be
B. to be/to be
C. to be/ be
D. be/to be
26. Mary and I are looking forward -------------- you.
A. of seeing
B. for seeing
C. to seeing
D. to see
27. I’m sure that he knows -------------- this new machine.
A. to use
B. using
C. how using
D. how to use
28. Psychiatrists and doctors have failed -------------- people not to drink.
A. to tell
B. telling
C. tell
D. told
29. The students are used to -------------- in the school library.
A. working
B. work
C. to work
D. worked
30. Our room needs -------------- up.
A. tidied
B. to tide
C. tidy
D. tidying
31. Mercury’s low gravity makes you -------------- very light in a spaceship.
A. feel
B. feeling
C. to feel
D. felt
32. “ Was the test long?”. “ Yes, John was the only one -------------- it”
A. to finish
B. finishing
C. finished
D. finish
33. A lots of needs -------------- to the house before anyone can move in.
A. be done
B. doing
C. to do
D. done
34. It is about time you -------------- harder for the next exam.
A. worked
B. working
C. work
D. to work
35. If he really doesn’t feel like -------------- now, I suggested that he should go out for some fresh air.
A. work
B. to work
C. worked
D. working

Try your best ! you will be successful .

3


EXERCISES
Passing the kitchen, he stopped to drink a large glass of water.
(drink)
When the car broke down, she started ...
( put)
3. Here's the money I owe you. I meant ...
(give)
4. To lose weight, I'd advise you ...
(cut out)
5. 1 found that my back stopped ... when ...
( ache)
6. To help me get to sleep, I tried ...
(think)
7. The orchestra was just beginning ...
(play)
8. Please don't hesitate ...
(call)
9. When he found that he couldn't walk he began........
(shout)
10. The handle came off when I tried ...
( lift)
1 Choose one of the verbs in brackets complete each sentence. (1-4)
1. a. I taught Jim to drive a car before the age of 18.
(hoped/ taught)
b. I hoped to drive a car before the age of 18.
2.a. We ..................... him to go to the party.
(allowed/ agreed)
b. We .................... to go to the party.
3.a. They ..................... for the kittens to go to good homes. (wanted/ arranged)
b. They ................... the kittens to go to good homes.
4.a. He ...................... the children to stay away.
(warned/ threatened)
b. He .................... to stay away.
5.a. The police .................... for his protectors to give him up.
(appealed/ forced)
b. The police .................. him to give himself up.
6.a. She .................. him to visit the exhibition before it ended. (promised/ told)
b. She ................... to visit the exhibition before it ended.
7.a. Did you .................... for the bed to be delivered or shall I collect it?
(need/ arrange)
b. Did you ................... the bed to be delivered or will you collect it yourself?
8.a. I ....................... my mother to buy a new car.
(decided/ persuaded)
b. I ..................... to buy a new car.
2 There is at least one mistake in each sentence. Suggest appropriate corrections (t×m lçi vµ söa). (1-6)
1. She longed the holidays to come so that she could be with her family again.
2. I overheard say that he's thinking of moving to Manchester.
3. We watched to play football until it started to rain.
4. Very reluctantly, he consented her to lend the money to Janet.
5. My parents always encouraged work hard at school.
6. For years the group has been campaigning an inquiry to hold into the accident.
7.1 think we should let them to stay until the weekend.
8. Sam promised me to show me how to fish for salmon, but he never had the time.
9. Hospital workers had to make them to do with a 1.5% pay increase this year.
10. 1 hear her tell that she's got a new job. (= someone told me about it)
11. This card entitles to take an extra person with you free.
12. They let me to borrow their car while they were on holiday.
3 Report these sentences using one of these verbs and a to-infinitive. Use each verb once only.(viÕt l¹i c©u dùa vµo tõ gîi ý)
agree encourage invite order promise refuse volunteer warn
1.You can't borrow the car! He refused to lend me the car.
2. You really should continue the course. He ...
3. I'll phone you soon. He ...
4. Okay, I'll come with you. He ...
5. Stop the car. He...
6. Would you like to go out for dinner? He...
7. I’ll work late at the weekend. He...
8. Don’t go out without an umbrella. He...
1.
2.

Try your best ! you will be successful .

4


+ to-infinitive
come

+ -ing

to talk about a gradual change
After some years, they came to
accept her as an equal.

go on

to mean that something is done af
ter something else is finished

to say that someone moves in the
way that is described
•He came hurrying up the path.
to say that someone moves in the
way that is described

* After the interval, Pavarotti went on to * Although she asked him to stop, he
sing an aria from
went on tapping his

mean

Tosco.

pen on the table.

to say that we intend(ed) to do something

to say that something has some- thing else as
a result

*I meant to phone you last week.

*If we want to get there by 7.00,
that means getting up before 5.00.

regret

remember

* to say that we are about to do something
we are not happy about

*to say we have already done some thing
that we are not happy about .

* I regret to inform you that your
application has been unsuccessful.

*It's too late now, but I'll always regret
asking John to do the work

to mean that remembering comes before the to mean the action comes before
remembering.
action described.
* I remember going to the bank,
*Remember to take your hat when you go but nothing after that. (I remember that I
out. (first remember and then take it.) went there.

to say why we stop doing somestop thing

try

She stopped to make a cup of tea.

to say that we attempt to do some thing.
• I tried to get the table through the
door, but it was too big.

to say what it is that we stop doing
• They stopped laughing when
Malcolm walked into the room.
to say we test something to see if it
improves a situation.
* I tried taking some aspirin, but the
pain didn't go away.

Try your best ! you will be successful .

5


EXERCISES
1. Complete these sentences with either a to-infinitive or an -ing form. Choose an appropriate verb. Sometimes more than one
verb is possible. (2)
admire
buy
check
enjoy introduce race
say smoke
spend talk
tell
tear
turn down
live
notify
put
1. a. Although it was hard at first, she came to enjoy working for the airline.
b. As I walked through the gate, the dog came..................towards me.
c. After working with her for so long, I came................. her patience and efficiency.
d. Yesterday, Tom was so late he came................downstairs, grabbed a cup of coffee and left.
2. a. The children were shouting and screaming, but he went on..........to Frank.
b. We've tried to persuade her to stop, but she just goes on ................ .
c. Dr Harris welcomed the members of the committee and went on..............
the subject of the meeting.
d. Then, in her letter, she goes on ................that most of her family have been ill.
3. a. I regret.................you that the model you want is out of stock.
b. We regret ............... you that your request for a tax refund has been rejected.
c. Almost as soon as I had posted the letter, I regretted..............the job.
d. It cost me a fortune, but I don't regret ..................... a year travelling around the
world.
4. a. Bill was very young when they left, and he could no longer remember............
in the house.
b. Did you remember.................a newspaper on the wa y home?
c. Remember...................your answers before handing in your exam paper.
d. I remember ................ the money in the top drawer, but it's not there now.
EXERCISES
1 Complete the sentences with one of these verbs and, if necessary, an appropriate object, as in 1. If it is possible to have an
object or no object, include an object but write it in brackets, as in 2.
1. Through the bedroom window, I spotted my sister leaving the house.
2. I remembered (him) borrowing the book, but not returning it.
3. The evidence seemed overwhelming, but Mason _________committing the murder.
4. We can't___________ buying a new car any longer. The one we've got now just doesn't start in the morning.
5. We searched the house, and eventually ____________reading a book in her bedroom.
6. I__________ calling my name, so I went outside to see who was there.
7. I closed my eyes and ___________ lying on a deserted beach in the sunshine.
8. As the sun set, we _________ appearing in the sky.
9. Mark was a good guitarist, and after he went home we __________playing in the garden in the evenings
2. Bill Brown was arrested for stealing a car. Here are some of his answers to questions during his trial. Report what he said with the
verbs given + an -ing form.
admit consider deny
notice
recall regret
"Yes, I was certainly in town around midnight______ .I saw two men looking into all the parked cars ______ now you mention it, I
think I did hear a car being driven away_______ I didn't think about telling the police______ .I certainly didn't steal the car_______ I
wish I hadn't gone out that night!"
Example: He admitted being in town around midnight.
Which of your sentences could be rewritten with having + past participle with little difference in meaning? (4)
3. If Possible, rewrite these sentences using the possessive form of the object, as in 1. If it is not possible, write X. (5)
1. I disapproved of him smoking in the house. I disapproved of his smoking ...
2. We discovered the children hiding the chocolates under their beds.
3. The plan envisages Tony becoming Director next year.
4. If the authorities catch anyone breaking the rules, the punishment is severe.
5. I could imagine the car failing its annual inspection.
6. We objected to the company building a petrol station in our road.
7. It amuses me to think of him sitting at a desk in a suit and tie.
8. My mother disapproved of the cat sleeping in my bedroom.
4. Consider which verb form is more likely and why). (6)
1. I heard the baby cry / crying for most of the night.
2.I felt the snake bite / biting me and saw it slither off into the bushes.
3. When you came out of the station, did you notice the children play / playing musical instruments across the street?
4. I noticed her quickly slip / slipping the necklace inside her coat and leave the shop.

Try your best ! you will be successful .

6



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