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Bulletins of American paleontology (Bull. Am. paleontol.) Vol 09-38

BULLETINS
AMERICAN

PALEONTOLOGY
VOL.
NUMBER

9

33

Harris Co.
Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N. Y,

U.

S.

A.
/




BUIvI^BTINS

Mo

OF

AMERICAN PAIvKONTOI^OGY
NOV 2

Vol 9

1 1989

lIBRAR^tS

38

No

RECEIPT I10LLUSCA OF THE GULF OF MEXICO

AND

PLEISTOCEi^E AI^D PLIOCENE SPECSES FROl

THE GULF STATES

2

Scaphopoda,

Amphsneura,

Gastropoda,

CephaSopoda

BY



Carlotta Joaouina Maury

January ji, ig22
[Part

I,

PElvECYPODA

is

Bulletin No. 34,

Harris Co.
Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y,

U. S. A.

1920.]





the

or

MfjLi.i;.scA

4

Mexico

GuiJ' of

34

CLASS SCAPHOPODA
ORDiCR SOLENOCOXCHA
Genus DEIMTALIUM Linnaeus
laqueatum Verrill, Trans, Conn., Acad, Arts
\).

pi.

431,

18, pt.

44,

2, p.

Mus.,

426,

pi.

27,

pi. 27,

p. 76,

f.

pi.

Sharp, Tryon's Man. Conch.,
f-

pi.

I

Hender.son, Bull.

^'^^97.

73.
,

f.

6,

— Hatteras

Florida and

1889;

17, p. 10,

pi. 7,

11

U.

1,

S.

Nat.

37, U. S.

18.

46,

f.

2,

Pil.sbry

and

2;

pi. 5.

Nat. Mus.,

p. 23,

f.

i,

1920.

7,

Distribution

Bull,

1889;

I,

f.

i;

Sci., vol. 6. pt.

Mus. Comp. Zool.,

Bull.

1885; Dall,

18,

f.

off

Gulf of Mexico: West

to Barbados,

the Missis.sippi delta, 60-68 fms.

hilippi, Zeit.schr.
Malak, p. 144, 1848; Pilsbry &
Tryon's Man. Conch., 17, p. 22, 1897; Henderson,
Bull. Ill, U. S. N. M., p. 28, pi. I, f. 2, 4, 5, 9, 1920.

texasianum

1

Sharj),

scxangularc Hilgard, House of Rep. Ex. Doc.
887, 888,

gouldii

pi. 3,

Singley,

Dall, Eist

Note.
1843.

f.

7,

1878.

Not

of

i,

4th Ann. Rept. Texas Surv.,

Not the tm^ gouldii

Cameron Sh.

—This may be

identical with

Closely related

to

pt. 2,

pp.

Lamarck.
p.

331, 1892;

ol Dall.

Chenu's D. aynericavum

gouldii Dall, with which

it

has

been confused.
Distribution.

— N.Carolina to Yucatan,

Gulf

3-9 fms.

coa.st:

Point au Fer and Cameron, La.; Galveston, Corpus Chri.sti
and Pass Cabello, Tex. Pleistocene, Lake Borgne borings. La.

texasianum cestum Henderson, Bull,
pi.

2,

f.

I,

4, 8,

Distribution.

iii,

U. S. N. M.,

p.

29,

1920.

— Pass

Cabello,

Texas.

Probably

in

very

shallow water.
rebeccaensis Henderson, Bull,
f.

2,

1920.

in, U.

S.

N. M. pp.

16, 31, pi. 3,


Bulletin 38

Distribution.

— West Florida, 7-16

(Antalis) antillarum d 'Orbigny,

Nat. Isla de Cuba,

& Sharp,
4, 6-8,

fnis.

In de

Man. Conch.,

Tr\-on's

and the Tortugas.
Hist

la Sagra's,

202, pi. 25,

2, p.

1897; Henderson, Bull,

Note.

35

f.

17, p. 57,

iii, U. S.

Pol.

y

10-13, 1S46; Pilsbry

N. M.,

pi.

14,

22-25,

f

p. 44, pi. 5,

f.

i-

1920.

— Confined to shallow water.

Deep water

citations are

referable to different species.

Distribution.

— Florida

Harbor and other
(Antalis)

West

pseudohexagonum Ihering.

U. S. N.M., p. 46,

Gulf Coast: Charlotte

to Barbados.

stations off

Florida, 2-14 fms.

See Henderson

Bull,



Distribution.
Florida to Brazil. Gulf coast: Marco,
and Charlotte Harbor, West Florida, 2-5 fms.
disparile d'

Orbigny,

202, pi. 25,

f.

N. S. Phila, 55.
N. M., p. 47, pi.

p.

(Antalis)
2, p.

iii,

pi. 6, f. 1-3,1920.

6,

Hist. Pol. y Nat. Isla

1846; (?) Vanatta,

14-17,

Tampa

de Cuba,

Proc. Acad.

757, 1903; Henderson, Bull, iii, U. S.
f.

4-8, 1920.



Frequentl}" confused with D. antillaruni by authors
although really closer to tcxasianuin.

Note.

Distribution.
coast;

— Florida

Tampa,

5.
S.

iS, p. 424, pi. 26,

N. M., p. 76, pi.
N. M. pp. 49-51,

Distribution

Gulf

26,

f.

pi 7,

— Florida

to

5,

Bull.

9, p. 38,

1881;

1889; Bull. 37, U.
Flenderson,
Bull, in, U.
1889:

5, pi.

f.

27,

f.

2,

2-7, 1920.

f.

Gulf of Mexico: Off
Yucatan Banks, 84 fms.

Barbados.

Mississippi delta, 321 fms.;
(Antalis) taphrium Dall,

Janeiro, Brazil.

Mus. Comp. Zool.,

(Antalis) ceratum Dall, Bull.

Idem,

Rio de

to

Littoral zone.

Fla.

M. C.

Z.,

18, p. 422,

1889; U. S.

N.M.,p. 76, 1889; Pilsbry & Sharp, Tr5^on's Man. 17, p. 58,
1897; Henderson, Bull, iii, U. S. N. M., p. 53, pi. 7, f. 8
1920.


MOLIvUSCA OF THE GULF OF MEXICO

36

Distribution

— Hatteras to

Cuba, 22-182 fms. Type dredged

between Mississippi delta and Cedar Ke3"s in 30 fms.
(Atualis)
8,

Henderson, Bull,

bartletii

f.

antillariiin Ball,

Note.

M.

Bull.

U. S. N. M..
bigny,

U.

iii,

N. M.,

S.

p. 55, pi.

1920.

2,7,

p

C.

{pars),

76

Z.

p.

9,

,

1881

37,

Not

i88g.

;

Bull. 37,

antillar^ivi

d'Or-

1846.

— True

antillariun is semi-littoral while

bartletti xs

\\\

deeper, colder waters.

— Florida to Martinique.

Gulf of Mexico: Between Mississippi delta and Cedar Ke^'s, 227 fms.; Yucatan
Banks, 399 fms.
Distribution.

(Heteroschisma)

ealiithrix

Dall, Bull.

M.

C. Z., 18, p. 427, pi. 27,

1889; Bull. 37, U. S. N. M.,p. 76, pi. 27, f. 10, 1889;
Sharp, Tr5'on's Man. Conch 17, p. 62, pi. 7, f. 3,
Pilsbry

f.

10,

&

1S97; Henderson. Bull, in, U. S. N. M.,
4, 6,

p. 57, pi. 8,

f.

3,

1920.

—North

off Rio de la Plata, ArMi.ssis.sippi delta and
Between
Gulf of Mexico:
gentina.
Yucatan
Strait,
640 fms. (type loCedar Keys, 1 181 fms.;

Distribution

Carolina to

cality).

(Fissidentallum) meridionale Pilsbry and

Sharp, Tryon's Man.

Conch., 17, p. 73,
32-34, 1897, (as variety of didum); Henderson, Bull, in, U. S. N. M., p. 61, pi. 9, f.
pi.

2,

f.

1920.

rmri- Dall, Bull.

Proc. U. S. N.



M.
M.

C

Z.

9, p. 37,

12, p. 294, 1889.

i88i;i8,

Not

p.

ceras

425,

1889;

Watson.

Type dredged by the Albatross, 240 miles southRio de Janeiro, 671 fms., 37° temperature bottom.
Also found Yucatan Banks, 1568 fms. and off Barbados.
The largest Dentalium of the western Atlantic and characterized by its unique, ashen color.
Distribution

east of


Bulletin 38

7

(Graptacme) eboreLim Courad,

Proc.

37

89, pi. 16,

N. M..

5.

47-49,

f.

10,

p. 470, pi. 45.

N. M.,
maiara

Dall,

1885;

Dall,

M.

Bull.

ser.

Sci.,

Bull.

37,

i,

U. S.

C.

Z.,

18,

Gulf coast: Sarasota
and between
Beach to 1 11 fms.

matara

Henderson unites

eboreum, noting that matara

form of the

p. 7, pi. 4,

and

Icptutn with

the perfectly smooth adult

is

species.

(Grapiacme) semistriolatum Guilding,
17, pt.

37,

to Barbados.

Mississippi delta and Cedar Keys.

— Mr.

1889; Bull.

420,

p.

Charlotte Harbor, Fla.

Pass (type locality),

M.,

\).

U.

1889.

p. 76,

— Hatteras

Distribution.

don,

17,

iii,

1920.

6,

f.

Arts and

Acad.

Bull,

p. 76, 18S9.

U. S. N. M.,

Note.

Conch.,

1897; Henderson,

i8a,

18,

f.

Phila., 3, p.

S.

Man.

3-5, 8, 9, pi. II,

f.

Conn.

Bush, Trans.

leptum
6,

55. 56,

p. 66, pi.

N.

x\cad.

27, 1S46: Pilsbry and Sharp, Tryon's

I,

pi. 3, f.

p. 34,

14, 15, ,1843;

f,

p. 69, pi.

1

1,

Trans.

Linn.

Lon-

Sec.

Chenu,

1-5, 1834;

Conch.

Henderson, Bull, iii, LL

111.,

S.

N.

1-5, 8, 9, 1920.

f.



An abundant littoral species. Florida to
Gulf coast; West Florida in shallow water,

Distribution.

Barbados.
7-12 fms.

(Graptacme) serlcatum Dall, Bull.
p. 423, pi. 26,
26,
pi,

f.

I,

12,

f.

1889.
I,

6,

Distribution.
fms.,

M.

C. Z., 9, p. 37,

18S9; Bull. 37, U. S.

I,

p. 71,

— Type only

found. Dredged by the Blake, 640

Yucatan Banks.

pi. 27,

\2

76, pi.

1920.

(Laevidentalium) callipeplum Dall, Bull. M. C. Z.,

f.

i88r; 18,

N. M., p.
Henderson, Bull, iii, U. S. N. M.,

f.

b,

f.

12

b,

1889;

1889; Trans.

PiLsbry and Sharp,

Bull.

37,

Wagner

U.
Inst.

S.

N. M.,

Sci.,

Try on' s Man. Conch.,

18. p. p.

419,

p. 76, pi.

3, p.

27

442, 1892;

17, p. 100, pi. 19,


MOLLUSCA OF THE GULF OF MEXICO

38

f.

9,

1897; Henderson, Bull,

f.

5,

1920.

in, U.

S.

N. M.,

p. 74, pi.

12,

^Florida to Porto Rico. Gulf of Mexico,
dredged to 169 fms. between Mississippi delta and Cedar
Keys, (type locality).

Distribution.

(Laevidentalium) perlongum Dall, Bull., M. C. Z.,

{nomen nudum);

9,

p.

36,

1881;

1889; Bull. 37, U. S. N. M., p.

18,

pi. 27,

76,

derson, Bull. Ill, U. S. N. M., p. 75,

pi. 9,

1878,

5, p. 61,

419, pi.

p.

f.
f.

27,

f.

6,

Hen-

6, 1889;

1920.

I,





Hatteras to Rio de la Plata, 11
1330 fms.
Gulf of Mexico between Mississippi delta and Cedar Keys
at 940 and 118 1 fms. also elsewhere in the Gulf at 1330
Distribution.

fms.
(Episiphon) sowerbyi Guilding,
P- 35. pl- 3.

f-

7'

Trans.

Linn.

1834; Pilsbry and

Soc. London, 17

Sharp,

Tryon's Man.'

Conch. 17, p. 117, pi. 20, f. 30, 1897; Henderson, Bull, in,
U. S. N. M., pp. 77-80, pi. 13, f. 2, 3, ID, 1920.
N. M., p. 76, 1889. ProBull.
S.
37, U.
fihwi Dall,
bably not y?//^i^/ of Sowerby, i860, which was from the east
Atlantic.

— Hatteras to

Distribution.

Barbados.

Gulf of Mexico: Off

Mobile, Ala., 27 fms.; between Mi-ssissippi delta and Cedar
Ke^'S,

60 fms.

Henderson, Bull, in, U.

sowerbyi pelliceri
pi.

13, f.

7, 8, 9,

Distribution.

S.

N.

M.,

p.

80,

1920.

— Florida

to

Cuba, Cape Catouche,

Yucatan,

25 fms.

(Bathoxiphus) ensiculus Jeffreys, Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist. ser.
1877; Proc. Zool. Soc, p. 660, pi. 49, f. 4,
Watson, Challenger Rept., (Scaphopoda), p. 12.pl,
1889;
p. 76,
2, f. 2, 1885; Dall, Bull. 37, U. S. N. M.,
Henderson, Bull, n i, U. S. N. M., p. 81, pi. 14, f. 1,4, 5,

4,

19, p. 154,

1882.

7, 9,

1920.


39

Bulletin- 38

Distribution.

— East

species of wide

West

and

A

Atlantic.

deep! water

Gulf of Mexico: Yucatan

range.

Strait.

640 fms.
(Sathoxiphus) didymum Watson, Jour. Linn. Soc. London, 14,

N. M.,

517, 1S79; Henderson. Bull, iii, U. S.
f.

]).

p. 83, pi. 14.

10, 1920.

Distribution. "Culebra

Isl.

and Barbabos. Doubtful specimen,

Yucatan Banks, 25 fms.
(Compressldens) pressum Pilsbr}' and Sharp, Tryon's Man. Conch.
17, p. 124,

pi. 7,

f.

II: pi.

N. M.,

Bull, III, IT. S.

22,

f.

1897; Henderson.

50-52,

p. S3, pi. 14,

f.

3, 6, 8,

1920.

com press a »i Wsitson, Jour. Linn. Soc. London, 14, p. 516, 1879:
Dall, Bull. M. C. Z., 9, p. 38, 1881; Watson, Chall. Rept.
(Scaph.), p. 9, pi. I, f. 9, 1885; Dall, Bull. 37, U.S.N. M..
Not compressuDi of d'Orbigny, 1850.
p. 76, 1889.
Distribution.

— Florida

to

Gulf of Mexico:

the Antilles.

Off Cedar

Keys, 196 fms.; between
Cedar Keys, Fla.

Mississippi delta and

(Compressidens) ophiodon Dall, Bull. M. C. Z..
p, 427,

26,
14,

f.
f.

pi. 26.

9,

1S89

2,

1920.

Distribution.

;

f.

9,

1889; Bull. 37, V. S. N. M..

Henderson, Bull,

— Florida to

iii,

Barbados.

U.

iSSi; 18.

t^"^,

9. p.

76.pl.

p.

X. M.,

S.

84, pi.

Gulf of Mexico: West

Florida, 169 fms.

quadrangulare Harris, Bull. Amer. Paleontology,

Upper

1895.

Pliocene,

vol.

i,

p. 95,

Galveston well at 2465-2871

feet

(Harris).

tetragonum Sowerby,
21,

2920

22,

i860.

Thesaurus Conch.,

3,

p.

Upper Miocene, Galveston

103, pi.

well,

224.

at

f.

2158-

feet (Harris).



Remark. A fragment of an undetermined.
talium was obtained from Knapp's No. 2
Parish, La. at 11 90- 1430 feet.

DcnTerrebonne

Pleistocene,
well,


AIOLLUSCA OF THE

40

GuLF OF MEXICO

Genus CADULUS

Philippi

M.

(Polyschides) quadriclentatus Dall, Bull.
18, p.

428,

pi. 27,

f.

pi.

5,

27,

f.

C. Z. 9, p. 36, 1881;

1889; Bull. 37, U. S. N. M., p. 76,

5,

1889; Henderson, Bull, in, U. S. N. M., pp. 97-

100, pi. 17,

2,

f.

1920.

3,

Tr. Conn.

incisus Bush,

Acad.,

N. M.,

Dall, Bull. 37, U. S.

6, p.

Mexico: West Florida,

471, pi. 45,

pi. 41,

p. 76,

— Hatteras to Rio de

Distribution.
of

10

f.

f.

20, 1885;

20, 1889.

Gulf

la Plata, 3-52, fms.

10-25

Yucatan Banks 25

fms.;

fms.

Com.

(Poiyschides) carolinensis Bush. In Verrill, Rept. Fish

Tr. Conn.

1883), p. 587, 1885;

Acad.,

6,

p. 471,

(for

pi. 45,

f-

19, 1885; Dall, Bull. 37, U. S. N. M, p. 48 {pars), pi. 41,
f. 19, 1S89; Pilsbrj^and Sharp, Trj-on's Man. Conch., 17, p.

152, pi. 25,
Ill,

64, pi.

f.

U. S. N. M.,

Distribution.

Mexico,

30,

241-127, 1898; Henderson, Bull.

p. 102, pi. 17,

— Hatteras

to

f.

6,

1920.

7,

Ke}' West,

Gulf of

3-87 fms.

Mobile, in 27 fms.

off

(Platyschides) pocuiism Dall,

U.

Bull. 37,

f.

N. M.,

S.

Bull.,
p.

76,

M. C.
1889

Z,,

429, 1889;

18, p.

Pilsbry and Sharp,

;

Tryon's Man. Conch., 17, p. 172, pi. 33, f. 56, 57, 1898
Henderson, Bull, iii, U. S. N. M., p. 108, pi. 17, f. 8,1920.

;

Distribution.



Type found

A!so dredged, 640 fms.,
(Platyschides) parvus
pi,

18,

amiantus
t3'pical

f.

2,

4,

off St.

Vincent,

W.

I.,

424 fms.

Yucatan Banks.

Henderson, Bull.

11

1,

U. S.N. M.,

p. 113,

1920.

Dall, Bull. 37, U, S.

N. M.,

Net Dall's

p. 78, 1889.

amiantus.

Distribution.

— Off

Barbados,

100 fms.

(type)

;

Yucatan

Banks, 1002 fms.
(Platyschides)

elongatus Henderson,

122, pi. 19,

f.

15, 1920.

Bull,

iii,

U.

S.

N. M.,

p.


Bulletin 38

ir

Distribution.

— Gulf of Mexico,

41

the

off

mouth

of the Missis-

sippi River, 68 fms.
(

Platyscliides) arctus
pi.

19,

f.

19,

Distribution.

Henderson, Bull,

iii,

U.

N. M.,

S.

p. 124.

1920.

— Gulf of

Mexico

off

Cape San

Bias, Florida,

60 fms.
(Gadila) mayori
19,

f.

3,

Henderson, Bull,

Distribution.
Fla.,

iii,

U. S. N.

M.,

p. 133, pi.

1920.

— Florida,

Gulf of Mexico,

off

Cape San

p.

143, pi.

Bias,

60 fms.

(Cadulus) transitorius Henderson,

Bull,

iii,

19,

f.

6,

1920.

Distribution.

— Florida to Old Providence

Gulf of Mexico,

off

Cape San

*

'

Bias, Fla.,

*

Isl.,

north of Colon.

196 and 169 fms.


MOLI.USCA OF THE GuLF OF MEXICO

43

12

CLASS GASTROPODA
ORDER PTEROPODA
Genus CAVOLINA Abiidgaard
infiexa

Nonv.

Lesueiir

1813,

{-AS

Bull. vSoc.

\Hyalcea) ; Dall,

Philoni.,

Bull. U.

S.

2S5, pi.

3, p.

Nat. Mu.s., 37,

5, f.

p.

3,

82,

1SS9; Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 37, p. 197, 1910.

—West

DLstributiou.

13°

Pacific, Lat.

Pelagic.

S.

Pleistocene to Recent.

uncinata Rang,
f.



42° S., East
Lat. 42°N.
Gulf of Mexico, West Florida.

Atlantic,

N.— 42°

in

d'Orbigny's,Vo^^ Ame'r Me'r.,
Hyalcea) ; Dall Bull. 37, U.

p. 93, pi. 5,

11-13, 1836, {2iS

vS.

N. Mus.,

1889; Proc. U. S. N. Mus. 37, p. 198,
Soc. Nat. Hist., 7, p.
1910; Johnson, Occ. Papers, Boston
p. 82, pi. 66,

f.

116,

156,1915-

Distribution.— West Atlantic, Lat. 4o°N.-4o°S. East Pacific,
Lower California to Ecuador and Galapagos Isls. Gulf of
Mexico; West Florida. Pelagic.
Pleistocene to Recent.
(Diacria) trispinosa Lesueur, in Blainville; Diet, des Sciences Nat.
22, p. 82,

1821,

(as HyalcBa);

Gould, Inv.

Ma.ss.,

p. 504,

Diacria)] Dall, Bull. 37, p. 82, pi. 66, f. 115, 1889;
Sumner, Bull. Bur. Fish., 31, pt. 2, p. 703, 1913. Johnson,
1870,

{Z.S

Occ. Pap. Bost. Soc,

7, p.

157, 1915.

Distribution.— West Atlantic, Lat. 6o°N.— 40° S.
Gulf of
Mexico, West Florida.
Pelagic. Pleistocene to Recent.

Genus CLIO Linnaeus
pyramidata Linnaeus, Systema Naturae,

U. S. N. M., p.
Proc. U. S. N. M., 37, p. 19S,
Dall, Bull.

Bost.

Soc,

7, p.

12th
80,

37,

1

p.
{a.s

910; Johnson,

1094, 1767;

Cleodora);

Occ. Pap.

158, 1915.

Cleodora lanceolata Souleyet, Zool. Bonite,
17-25,

ed.,

1889.

2,

p.

179, pi. 6,

f

1852.

Distribution.

— Atlantic,

Spitzbergen

to Lat.

40° S. South-


43

BUI.LETIN 38

13

Gulf of Mexico, West Florida

eastern Pacific, Lat. 27° S.

and Texas.

Pleistocene to Recent.

Pelagic.

recurva Children, Jour. Roy. Inst., 15, p. 220, pi.
{2iS

Balantiu)n)\

Dall,

Pap. Bost. Soc.,7,
Distribution.



Bull. 37, p.

7, f.

107, 1829,

Occ

1889; Johnson,

82,

1915.

p. 158,

Lat. 40° N.

— 33°

S.

of Mexico,

Q>\\\i

West

Pleistocene to Recent.

Florida.

Genus CRESEIS (Rang) Sowerby
subula

Quoy and Gaimard, Ann.

pi. 8

D,

(as

1827,

2-3,

f.

des Sci. Nat.,

ser.

Cleodora); Dall,

Com.

1889; Dall and Simpson, Bull. U. S. Fish
p. 360,

pi. 57,

f.

I,

10, p. 233,

i,

Bull. 37, p. 80,

for 1900,

i,

1901; Dall.Proc. U. S. N. M.,37, p. 198,

Pap.

1910; Johnson, Occ.

Bost.

Soc,

Distribution.

— Atlantic,

Teneriffe.

Pacific,

Lat.

41°

Florida and Texas.

Pelagic.

N.— 40°
Gulf

Peruvian.

158, igts, (as

p.

7,

Styliola); Dall, Bull. 112, U. S. Nat. Mus,,

p. 59, 1921.

Type

S.

of

locality,

Mexico,

West

Pleistocene to Recent.

Genus STYLIOLA (Lesueur) Gray
virguia

Rang, Ann.

Sci.

Nat., ser.

i,

13, p.

316,

f.

2,

1828,

(as

Conn. Acad., 5, p. 557, 1882, (as
37, U. S. N. Mus., p. 80, '89, (as

Creseis): Verrill, Trans.

Styliola); Dall,

Bull.

U. S. N.M., 37,
Johnson, Occ. Pap. Bost. Soc, 7,
Creseis); Proc.

p.

198,

1910 (as Styliola);

p. 157, 1915, (as Creseis).

Distribution.— Atlantic, Lat. 41 °N. - 35° S. Pacific, off Juan
Fernandez Isl. Gulf of Mexico, West Florida, Pelagic.
Pleistocene to Recent.

Genus VAGINELLA Daudin
chipolana Dall, Trans.
4, 5,

Wagner

In.st. Sci., 3, pt. 2, p. 431, pi. 23, f.

1892.

Lower Miocene, Chipola
Florida.

An

beds,

Bailey's Ferry,

Calhoun Co.,

ancient, Cretaceous to Recent, genus.


4

MOLI.USCA OF THE Gui.F OF MEXICO

44

1

Genus CUViERlNA Boas
columnella Rang, Ann. des Sci. Nat., ser.

12, p. 323, 1827,

v.

i,

45 B, f. i-S. (as Cuvieria); Pelseneer, Challenger Pteropoda,Zool.,23,art. i, p. 67, 1888; Dall, Bull. 37, U.
Atlas 4°,

pi.

N. Mus.,

S.

82,

p.

pi. 66,

462,

p.

Tr.

117, '89;

f.

1892; Peck,

Sci., 3, pt. 2, p. 431,

Wagner

Inst.

Proc. U. S. N. Mvis., 16,

f.
16, 1893; Dall, Proc. U. S. N. M., 37,
Johnson, Occ. Pap. Bost. vSoc, 7, p. 159, 1915.

pi. 55,

198, 1910;

Triptera cohminella Verrill,

Trans.

Conn. Acad.,

5, p.

p-

557,

1882; 6, p. 214, 1884.

Distribution.

— West

— 40°

East
S.
Gulf of Mexico, West Florida
Lower Miocene Chipola bed at Alum
Atlantic, I^at.

43° N.

Pacific, Lat. 23° N.— 42° S.

and Texas, recent.
Bluff, Calhoun Co. Florida.
Note.

— The specific

columella.
it

The

name

correct

is

form

often, but erroneously, written
is

Rang

prints

generic

name

coluvinella since

The

thus twice in the original description.

Cjivieria is preoccupied.

Genus EMBOLUS

Jeffreys

d'Orbigny, Voy. Ame'r. Me'r., p. 174, pi. 12, f. 16-19,
1836, (as ^//a«/a); Dall, Bull. 37. U. S. N. Mus., p. 80,
1889; Proc. U.S. N. Mus., 37, p. 199, 1910; Johnson, Occ.
Pap. Bost. Soc, 7, p. 155, 1915, (as Limacina).

anflatus

Spirialis rostralis Verrill, Trans, Conn. Acad., 6, p. 431, 1885.

Distribution.
Pacific.

— West

Lat. 42°

East
Lat. 42° N.— 40° S.
Gulf of Mexico, West Florida.

Atlantic,

N.— 40°

S.

Pelagic, Pleistocene to Recent.

Genus PERACLE Forbes
reticulata

d'Orbigny,

Voy. Ame'r, Me'r.,

p.

178, pi.

35> 39. 1836, {2& Atlanta); Dall, Bull. 37, U. S.
p. 80, 1889; Proc. U. S. N. Mus., 37, p. 199, 1910.

12,

f.

32-

N. Mus.,


Bulletin 38

15

Distribution.— West
Pacific, Lat. 20°

Atlantic,

45



9° S.
East
37° N.
Gulf of Mexico, West

Lat.

S. Mediterranean.

Pleistocene to Recent.

Florida. Pelagic.

ORDER OPISTHOBRANCHIATA
Genus ACTAEOf^ Montfort
punctostriatus C. B.
323, pi.

f.

3,

N. Mus.,

Adams, Jour.
1840,

9,

(as

pi. 41,

p. 84,

Bost.

f.

17, pi.

52,

Inst. Sci., 3. p. 14, '90; Single}', 4th

Texas,

'92;

332,

p.

^5) P- I57> pl- iS'

f-

Simpson, Bull. U.

S.

Fish Com.,

Occ. Papers, Bost. Soc. N. H.,

Cuba,

I,

U.

Ferussac, 1823.
cubensis

Note.

N. M., 6,
Not of Lea,

— The

recent

22, '89; Tr.

Ann

7, p.

f.

p.

147, 1915.

Eocene, Ala.;
Fla.

Isla

de

Not

Not

T. punctata

of Piette, 1855.

1873.

15, p. 245,

Ctib&n Aciacn piuidatus d'Orbigny

Geol, p.

iii,

2.n6.,Jide Dall,

is

now

pi. 4,

f.

considered

Act(Eon punc-

punctostriattis.

96)

is

Claiborne

Pliocene; Caloosahatchie beds,

Not Recent.

Distribution.
(of Shiloh,
Fla,,

y Nat.

Pol.

10-12, 1842; (as Tornatella);

1833.

with the northern

tatush^di (Contr.

i,

362, 1901; Johnson,

(preoccupied, renamed cubensis by Gabb)
identical

ser.

Dall and

23, '93;

22,

Hist.

Soc,

Phil.

Wagner

Rept. Geol. Surv.

p. 324, 1883.

S.

Gabb, Tr. Amer.

f-

i,

vSagra,

p. 230, Atlas, pi. 17,

Dall, Proc.

f.

3, p.

Bull. 37, U. S,

Dall,

Tryon's Man. Conch,

Pilsbry,

9^. 99> pi- ^9>

pundahcs d'Orbigny, In La

Nat. Hist.,

vSoc.

Tornatella);

— Cape Cod to the Antilles,

New JersejO

to Recent.

Corpus Christi Bay, Tex.

2-63 fms. Miocene
Gulf coast: Cedar Keys,

Pliocene,

Caloosahatchie

beds, Fla.

Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist., 4th, ser., 6, p. 85, 1870;
Watson, Chall. Rept. Gastr., p. 624, '86; Dall, Bull. M. C.
Z. Harv. Coll., 18, p. 39, '89; Bull. 37, U. S. N. M., p. 84.

exilis Jeffreys,


6

MOLLUSCA OF THE GuLF OF MEXICO

46

Pilsbry.Man. Conch.

'89;

,

i

ser., 15, p.

1

156, pi. ig,

Auriculina insadpta Verrill; Proc. U. S. N,

4-6, '93.

f.

M.,

p. 381,

3,

1880.

niHdus Verrill, Tr. Conn. Acad.,

5,

p. 540, pi. 58,

21, 1S82.

f.



West Atlantic, Martha's Vine5-ard, Mass. to
Also Mediterranean and Bay of Biscay. 92-1465
Gulf of Mexico, Campeche Bank, at 200 fms.

Distribution.
Florida.

fms.

Pliocene to Recent.
pusiliiis

Forbes, Rept.

5th

Ann.

ser.,

An

U.

191,

1843, (as

ser., 6, p. 84,

Watson, Chall. Rept. Gastr. p. 627; Dall,
N. M., p. 84, 1889; Pilsbry, Man. Conch.,

S.

156, 1893.

15, p.

unfigured species.

450 fms.



20Mediterranean, Madeira; West Indies.
Gulf of Mexico, off Sand Key, W^est Plorida, at

Distribution.

fms.

1 1 1

M.

perforatus Dall, Bull.
f.

&

ser. 10, p, 34;

Bull. 37,
I

Adv. Sci., p.
Mag. N. H.,4th

Assoc.

Brit.

Tor7iatclla)\ Jeffreys,

3,

89; Bull.

Pilsbry,

M.

Pilsbry,

S.

pi.

17,

20,

f.

N. M.,
f.

N. M.,

5,

i

—Yucatan

off

dellcatus Dall. Bull.

U.

S.

Man. Conch.,

Also

N. M,,

p.

84,

pi. 18,

ser., 15, p. 159, pi. 20,

f.

f.

ser.,

p.

'89;

805 fms.

84,

15, p.

Strait,

3,

36, 1893.

C. Z., 9, p. 95, 1881; 18, p. 42, pi. 17,

Distribution.

fms.

i

— Gulf of Mexico,

Bull. 37, U.

'89;

S.

Man. Conch.,

Distribution.
incisus Dall,

C. Z., 9, p. 96, 1881; 18, p. 42, pi. 18,

U.

37,

off

pi.

17,

f.

I,

f.

i,

lb,

i

b,

'89;

161, '93.

Cape San Antonio, 640

Fernandina, N. E. Fla., 294 fms.

M.

12, p.

C. Z., 18, p. 41, pi. 17,

296,

'89: Pilsbry,

'89; Bull. 37,

Man. Conch.,

f.

5,

1889: Proc.

U.

S.

N. M.,

ser.

i,

15, p.

p. 84,

162, pi.

35, '93.



Gulf of Mexico, West Florida, region.
Barbabos 73-400 fms.
Distribution.

Also


7

BULI
1

galvestonensis Harris, Bull.

47

Amer. PaL,

vol.

p. 96, pi. 3,

i,

i,

f.

1895.

Distribution

— Upper Miocene,

Galveston well

2552-2871

at

feet.

Genus RNIG1CULA Desha^es
niiida \"errill,

Acad.,

Am.

Jour. Sci.,

3, p. 48, pi.

Bull. 37, p.

43, '89;

Conch.,

I

pi.

84,

N. H.,

IfptocIieilaBm^nonQ,

37,

Misc. Mai.,

Morelet, Jour, de Conch.,



pi.

i,

Occ,

70,

2, p.

1873;

17,

f.

pi.

285,

131,

Agassiz, Three Cruises of the Blake,
Distribution.

Man

Pilsbry,

38, '93; Johnson,

f.

p. 11,

pp.

C. Z., 18, p.

1915.

151,

7, p.

M.

'89;

3,

f.

pi. 46,

Tr. Conn.

p. 16. 1873;

5,

Ball, Bull.

'74:

ser., 15, p. 399,

Pa. Bost. Soc.

sen,

3,
2,

f.

I,

'78;

5, f. 17,

291, 1888.

f.

Massachussetts to Pernanibuco, Brazil. Also

Pliocene of Italy (Brugnone)

ranean. 19-1075
640 fms.

Gulf

fms.

and recent in the MediterMexico, Yucatan Strait,

of

Genus ACTEOCINA Gray
builata Kiener,

f.

17-19,

Dall
f.

&

9,

Bull.

Dall,

Man. Conch.,

Pilsbry,

Harris,

'93;

Coq. Viv.,

et Icon.

Sp.

Toniatdla);

i

37, U.

p.

S.

P-

Bull.

Simpson, Bull. U.

8.

Am.

i,

f.

i, p.

f.

(as

1889;

30, pi. 22,

p.

96,

'95;

362, pi. 57.

1901.

^33' pl- 3

^^i'^-.

f-

21-24.

Not

y.

Nat. Isla de Cuba,

of Say.
2, p.

56g, pi. 121,

34.



Florida Strait to Trinidad Island.
Miocene, Galveston well at 2410-2425 ft. (Harris).

Distribution.

recta d'Orbigny, In Sagra's Hist. Pol. y. Nat.
p.

4,

84,

p.

Pal. vol. gi,

Fish Com.,

Tornativa olivula A. Adams, Thes. Conch.,
f.

pi.

M.,

ser., 15, p. 183, pi. 50,

Bulla canaliadata d'Orbigny, Hist. Pol.
i>

5,

N.

[31, pi. 4, bis.

f.

Isla

Upper

de Cuba,

i,

17-20, (as Bulla); Dall, Bull. 37, U. S.


.

MOLLUSCA OF THE GULF OF MEXICO

48

N. M.,

p. 84,

pi. 22,

f.

No.

Pal.,

A

Jamaica.
bed,

Man. Conch.,

ser.,

i

15, p. 184,

Tornatina); Maury, Bull. Amer.

(as

f.

1917.

3,

— Florida Keys, Antilles and

Tampa.

Adeocina

'93,

29, p. 14, pi. 3,

Distribution.
coast,

1889; Pilsbry,

13-15,

closeh?-

ivetherilli

Tampa,

Gulf
St. Helena.
Miocene Santo Domingo and

Also Lower

Older

related.

species

Pliocene,

Lea, from Deal, N.

J.

is

and the Orbitolite

Fla.

Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 5, p. 211, 1822,
Holmes, Post. PI. Foss. S. Car., p. 78, pi. 12,
f. II,
iia; Gould, Binney' ed., p. 219, f. 510, 1870, (as
Utriadus); Dall, Proc. U. S. N. M., 6, p. 324, '83; Bull. 37,
U. S. N. M., p. 84, pi. 52, f. 27, '89, (as Tornatina);

canaliculata Say. Jour.
(as l'olvaria)\

Ann. Rept. Geol. Tex., p. 332,
Man. Conch., i ser., 15, 'p. 184, pi. 22, f. 23,

Single}^ 4th

26,

'93;

1915;

Johnson, Occ. Pap. Bost. Soc. N.

Maury,

Bull.

Am.

No.

Pal.,

29,

Pilsbry,

'92;

pi. 50,

H.,

f.

25,

147,

7, p.

pi. 3, f. 2,

p.

13,

p.

196,

1917.

obstrida Gould,

Bulla);

Silliman's Jour.

Adams.

Thes.,

Sci.

p.

2,

38,

566,

121,

t.

1840,

f.

29,

(as
(as

Tornatina)



Lower
Portland, Maine to Haiti, 0-63 fms.
Miocene (Santo Domingo) to Recent. Gulf coast. Recent:
Cameron and Point au Fer, La., (very abundant); GalvesPleistocene: North Creek,
ton and Corpus Christi, Tex.
Manatee and Labelle, Fla.; Grand Chenier, La Knapp's
wells, Terrebonne Parish, No. 2 at 1050-1790 ft., No. 3 at
Distribution.


,

258-1525

ft.

Pliocene; Caloosahatchie River, Fla. Miocene;

Gilbert well No. 10, Bateson, Tex., 323
candei d'Orbigny, Moll. Cuba,
Dall, Bull. 37, U.

S.

N.

i,

ft.

p. 128, pi. 4,

M.,

p.

84,

pi.

f.

1-4, {dA

41,

f-

Bulla);

i3,

1889;

Vanatta, Pr. A. N. S. Phila., 55, p. 757, 1903.
Distribution.

— Hatteras

to

Martinique,

0-48

fms.

Gulf


.

BuLi.ETiiX 38

19

coast,

49

Joseph's Bay and Crooked

vSt.

West

Isl.,

Fla.

Genus RETUSA Brown
M.

irielei Dall, Bull.

p. 47, pi.
f.

4, '89;

f.

17,

C. Z., 9, p.

U. S. N. M., p. 86,

Man. Conch.,

Pilsbry.

(as Utricidus); 18,

loi, 1881,

Bull. 37,

4, 'S9;

pi.

17.

ser., 15, p. 219, pi. 21,

i

f.

8, 1893-

Note.

—I

follow

1827 ("not

Cossmann

1S17)

in

Brown,

Utr Indus

placing

in

Schumacher,

of

synonymy

the

of

Retusa.
Distribution.

—Yucatan

Strait,

640 fms.

Genus SCAPHAf^DER Montfort
N. H., i,
N. M., p. 86,

punctostriatus Mighels, Pr. Bost. Soc.

U.

Biclla); Dall, Bull. 37,

Pilsbry,

Man. Conch.,

i.

Johnson, Occ. Pa. Bost.

S.

ser., 15,

S.

N. H.,

p.

72,

p. 246, pi. 31
7, p.

1841, (as

49,

pi.

f.

4,

'89:

16, '93;

f.

149, 191 5.

librarius Love'n, Index Moll. Scand., p. 10, 1846.

&

Distribution.— Iceland

Norway

to

Bay

of Biscay.

Maine

Gulf of Mexico, Lat. 28° N.,
Barbados, 46-1467 fms.
Lon. 88° W., 533 fms. Inhabits shallow water in its northern habitats.

to

vvatsoni Dall, Bull.
10, '89;

M.

Bull. 37.

Distribution.

C. Z., 9, p. 99,

U.

S.

— Hatteras

N. M..

1S81; 18, p. 52, pi. 17,

p. 86, pi.

Dall, Bull.

Conn. Acad.

I

ser.,

M.

15, p.

Distribution.

f.

10, '89.

Gulf of
Com., bot-

to Barbados, 54-324 fras.

Mexico, West Fla. region, dredged U.
tom temperature 46° F.
nobilis Verrill, Tr.

17, f.

Sci.,

6,

p.

S. Fi.sh

209,

C. Z.. 18, p. 53, 1889; Pilsbry,

pi.

32,

f.

18;

Man. Conch.,

249; '93.

— Martha's Vineyard

906-1309 fms., Delaware
of Mexico, V

Bay 1091-1209 fms., Tobago 880 fms., Gulf
vS. Fish Com. Station 2127, at 1639 fms.


MOLLUvSCA OF THE GULF OF MEXICO

50

Genus SABATIA
bathymophila Dall, Bull. M. C. Z.,
p. 53, pi.

17,

f.

17,

f.

9,

20

Bellardi

9, p. 98,

1S81,

(as Afj's?);i^,

9b, '89; Bull. 37, U. S. N.

M., p. 86,

pi.

9, 9b, '89.

Distribution.

— Fernandina

Gulf of Mexico, Yucatan

Guadeloupe, 294-1568

to

Strait,

fms.

740 fms.

Genus CYLJCHNELLA Gabb
bjdentata d'Orbigny, Moll.

Cuba

i.

p.

125, pi. 4,

f.

13-16, 1841,

Bulla); Gabb, Pr. A. N. S. Phila., 24, p. 273, pi. 10, f.
'72; Dall, Bull. 37, U. S. N. M., p. 86, pi. 41, f. 14, '89;

i^zs

2,

Vanatta, Pr. A. N.
Bulla

S. Phila., ^^, p. 757, 1903.

Lea. Pr. Bost, Soc. N. H.,

biplicata-

i,

p. 204, 1844.



Hatteras to Barbados, 7-168 fms. Pliocene
Gulf coast, Recent: West Florida and Texas.
Pleistocene, Louisiana,
Knapp's No. 2 ;3well, Terrebonne
Parish, 15 19- 1542 ft., Crowle}' No. 4 well, Jennings, 1663Distribution.

to Recent.

1670

feet.

bidentata var. galvestonensis
96, pi. 3,

f.

2,

Distribution.

Harris, Bull.

Am.

Pal.,

vol.

i,

p.

1895.

— Upper Miocene,

Galveston well at 2600-2733

feet.

Genus BULLARIA Rafinesque
striata Bruguiere,

Bull. 37,

U.

S.

Ency. Meth., i, p. 572, (as Bulla'); Dall,
N. M., p. 88, 1889; Pilsbry, Man. Conch., i,

ser., 15, p. 332, pi. 37,

Distribution.

— Recent,

Portugal and Morocco.

West

Florida;

ana; Texas.
OGCidentalis A.

Bull.

42-46, '93.

Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts of
Also living at Clearwater Harbor,

Harbor

Isls.

and Chandeleurs, Louisi-

Pliocene, Caloosahatchie marls, Fla.

Adams, In Sowerby's Thes.,

72, 73, 1850,
'83,

New

f.

37,

2, p.

577, pi.

(as Bulla); Dall, Pr. U. S. N. M.,

U.

S.

N. M.,

p.

88,

'89;

123,

6, p.

Siugley; 4th

f.

324,

Ann.



Bulletin 38

21

Rept. Geo]. Surv. Tex.,

5^

Vanatta, Pr. A. N. S.

p. 332, '92;

Phila., 55, p. 757, 1903.

— Florida

Gulf coast:
to St. Vincent, W. I.
Marks, Tampa, Crooked Isl (Calhoun Co.),
Fla.; Corpus Christi and Matagorda Bays, Texas.
Distribution.

Cedar Keys,

SOlida

Gmelin,

37,

U.

15, P-

S.

St.

Sj'st.

N.

Nat.,

M.,

335, pl- 43.

Distribution.

13,

p. 88,
f-

I.

— West

2,

{^s Bulla); Dall, Bull.
p. 3434,
1889; Pilsbry, Man. Conch., i ser.

1S93.

Indies,

Cruz and

Vera

Maracaibo.

Cited from Texas region, Gulf of Mexico (Dall, '89).
abyssJCOla Dall, Bull.
56, pi. 17,

II,

Pilsbr}^

II, '89;
31,

f.

M.

C. Z., 9, p. 97, iSSi, {as Bulla); iS, p.
Bull. 37, U. S.

'89;

Man. Conch.,

N. M.,

ser.,

i

15,

p. 88, pi. 17,

p. 338, pi.

36,

f.

f.

1893-

Ann. & Mag. N. H., p. 318, 1880, {jiomen
Watson, Chall. Exp. Gastr., p. 638, 1886.

pinguiscula Jeffreys,
7iud2un);

Distribution.
Strait,

— Bay of

Biscay, Azores, Antilles and

Yucatan

450-640 fms.

Genus HAMINOEA Turton
elegans Oray.

Ann.

of Philos.

new

ser.

9,

p.

408; 1825; Index

Testae, Suppl., pi. 3, f. 2, (as Bulla); Pilsbry, Man.
Conch., I ser., 15, p. 355, pi. 41, f. 37-39, pi. 40, f. 88,
1893; Dall and Simpson, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., i, p. 364,
1901.

guildingi Swainson, Malacol, pp. 251, 360, f. 46, 1840; Adams,
Thes., p. 580, pi. 124, f. 87-89; Dall, Bull. 37, U. S. N. M.,
p. 88, 1889.

Note.

Fide

Pilsbr}',

and not a European
Distribution.
P'lorida

the true elegans of

— Antilles to Rio de Janeiro.

and Texas.

Gray

is

this species

shell.

Gulf coast. West


Mollusc A of the Gulf of Mexico

Sa

SUCCinea Conrad, Pr. A. N. S. Phila.,
[siS

Bulla); Ball,

Pr, U.

N.

S.

26, pi.

3, p.

M.,

22

i,

f.

1846,

5,

324, 1883; Bull.

6, p.

N. M., p. 88, '89; Mitchell, List Tex. Sh.;
Pilsbry, Man, Conch., i ser., 15, p. 357, pi. 48, f. 18, 1893;
Ball and Simpson, Bull. U. S. Fish Com., i, p. 364, 1901.
37,

U.

S.

— Indian

Bistribution.

Florida at

Tampa

River,

West

Texas.

to

Fla.,

E.

(Conrad's type locality), and Cedar Keys;

Chandeleurs, La.
antillarum

d'Orbigny,

Mcerch, Mai.
p. 88,
f.

Bl.,

Menke,

9-12;

N. M.,

S.

p. 358, pi. 41,

Mitchell, List

— W.

Porto Rico and St. Thomas.
and Espiritu Santo Bay, Texas.

Florida to

Tampa,

at

Fla.,

antillarum var. guacJaiupensis Sowerby, Conch. Icon.,
Pilsbry,

f.

4,

U.

37,

Zeitschr. fur Mai., p. 142, 1853.

Bistribution.

Gulf coast

pi.

124,

p.

i,

175; Ball, Bull.

Man. Conch., i ser., 15,
Texas Shells.

1889; Pilsbry,

35, 36, 1893;

cerina

Cuba

Moll.
22, p.

Man. Conch.,

i

ser.,

p.

15,

14, 1868;

f.

f.

30-34,

coast at

White

pi.

358,

41,

1893-

Bistribution.

— Guadeloupe,

Water Bay, West

d'Orbigny, Moll. Cuba

petiti

Cuba &c.. Gulf

Florida.
i,

p.

130,

pi.

Bulla); Ball, Bull. 37, U. S. N. M.,
Man. Conch., i ser., 15, p. 359, pi. 41,
Bistribution.



St.

Thomas, W.

virescens Sowerby, Genera, No. 39,
p. 18, 1890; Pilsbry,
f.

5, pi.

43,

f.

Bistribution.

Mexico.

I.

4,

bis.

p. 88,

f.

13-16, (as

1889: Pilsbry,

23, 24, 1893.

f.

and Tampa, West

f.

Man. Conch.,

Tr.

2; Ball,
i

W.

Fla.

I. S.,

ser., 15, p. 360,

3,

pi. 40,

19, 1S93.

— Recent

on the Pacific

coast,

Pliocene, Caloosahatchie beds,

California to

Fla.

Not

in the

recent Atlantic fauna.

Genus CYLINDROBULLA Fischer
beaui Fischer, Jour, de Conch., p. 275,

pi. 8, f. 8, 9,

1856; Ball,


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