Tải bản đầy đủ

WorkbookEdition 6 the debate

READTHEORY

Passage and Questions

Name________________
Date________________

• Reading Comprehension Assessment
Directions: Read the passage. Then answer the questions below.

The Debate
Their parents had promised the twins a pet for their twelfth
birthdays. The only limitation was that it had to be a pet. Singular. That
meant the twins had to agree on what kind of pet to get.
Making a Decision
For weeks, Louisa and Duncan researched pets on their own.
They spent hours looking at pet photos online and talking to their
friends about the types of pets they owned. Duncan’s best friend
suggested a dog, but his cousin suggested an iguana. Louisa’s friends
told her to get a parrot. The same cousin told her to get an iguana too.
Finally, each had made a decision. Duncan wanted an iguana, and Louisa decided on a cat. They

both went to their parents with the decision. But their father reminded them of the agreement. They did
not have to convince their parents but each other.
Convincing the Other
The night before they were to go the pet store, the debate began. Duncan opened by stating how
iguanas were easy to care for. Remembering Louisa’s obsession with dinosaurs the summer before,
Duncan suggested that iguanas were basically just smaller dinosaurs.
Louisa countered that iguanas were not fun pets because they did not do anything. A cat, she
argued, could be held and would play with them.
“Of course you would want a cat. All girls want a cat,” Duncan replied.
“That is unfair. None of my girl friends even have cats. They all told me to get a parrot or a dog.”
“Well, all the girls I know at school love cats.”
The Compromise
The debate went on for hours with little progress. Each sibling realized the other would not be
convinced. So Louisa offered a compromise.
“What was your second choice pet?” she asked.
“I guess a dog,” Duncan said.
“Mine too.”
And so they decided to get their second choices. The next day, their birthday, their father
purchased a collie puppy for them.
1) According to the passage, how old is Louisa at the time of the debate?
A.
B.
C.
D.

10
11
12
13

2) According to the passage, Duncan was told to get what kind of pet by his best friend?
A. a dog
B. a parrot


READTHEORY

Questions

C. an iguana


D. a cat
3) Duncan’s argument is flawed because it
A.
B.
C.
D.

is based on Louisa being like the small number of girls he knows at school
is based on advice given to him by a cousin Louisa also knows
makes a comparison between iguanas and a pet that Louisa cannot have
makes a dishonest point about the pet Louisa prefers

4) Which of the following best explains why Louisa suggested a compromise?
A.
B.
C.
D.

She knew that Duncan liked dogs just as much as he liked iguanas.
Neither she nor Duncan could convince the other one to want the other’s animal.
Their parents made it clear that they could pick any kind of pet they both wanted.
Dogs and cats are both similar in that they can both be played with and held.

5) As used throughout the passage, the word debate most nearly describes
A.
B.
C.
D.

thinking
combat
an agreement
a discussion

6) Imagine that, like Louisa and Duncan, you and your sibling are getting a new pet tomorrow. What pet
would you choose? What would you say to convince the other that this is a good choice? Provide
your argument in the space below.
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________


READTHEORY

Answers and Explanations

1) B
Question Type: Inference
At the beginning of the passage, the author writes, “Their parents had promised the twins a pet for their twelfth birthdays.” If the
siblings are twins, and they have their twelfth birthdays approaching, we can tell that they must both be 11 during this story. This
means, according to the passage, Louisa is 11 at the time of the debate, since the debate is the focus of the story. Therefore (B) is
correct. The passage does not provide information to support choices (A), (C), or (D). Therefore they are incorrect.
2) A
Question Type: Detail
In paragraph 2, the author writes, “Duncan’s best friend suggested a dog…” This lets us know that Duncan was told to get a dog by
his best friend, so (A) is correct. The passage does not provide information to support choices (B), (C), or (D). Therefore they are
incorrect.
3) A
Question Type: Inference
In paragraph 6, the author writes, “‘Of course you would want a cat. All girls want a cat,’ Duncan replied.” He later says, “‘Well, all
the girls I know at school love cats.’” From these two quotations, we can tell that Duncan is making an assumption about “all girls”
based on the girls he knows at school. Since the number of girls that Duncan knows at school cannot possibly reflect “all girls,” we
can tell that Duncan’s argument is flawed because it is based on Louisa being like the small number of girls he knows at school.
This means (A) is correct. The passage does not provide information to support choices (B), (C), or (D). Therefore they are
incorrect.
4) B
Question Type: Global
At the beginning of paragraph 9, the author writes, “The debate went on for hours with little progress. Each sibling realized the other
would not be convinced.” From this, and the arguments presented in “Convincing the Other,” we can tell that the two siblings were
not able to convince each other about his or her pet of choice. Since the two twins were unable to convince each other in multiple
hours of debate, we can tell that Louisa suggested a compromise because neither she nor Duncan could convince the other one to
want the other’s animal. This means (B) is correct. The passage never provides any information to suggest that Louisa suggested a
compromise because she knew that Duncan liked dogs just as much as he liked iguanas. In fact, Duncan says that dogs are his
second choice, so we can tell he does not like them as much as he likes iguanas. Therefore (A) is incorrect. In the first paragraph,
the author explains that “the twins had to agree on what kind of pet to get.” Despite this, the author never makes it clear that this is
why Louisa suggested a compromise. It is much more likely that the fruitless hours of debate led to the compromise, so we can tell
that (C) is incorrect. In paragraph 5, Louisa explains why she wants a cat. Despite this, the author never provides any evidence that
could lead us to believe that Louisa suggested a compromise because dogs and cats are both similar in that they can both be
played with and held. This means (D) is incorrect.
5) D
Question Type: Vocabulary
debate (noun): a formal discussion in which opposing arguments or opinions are put forward.
In paragraph 4, the author writes, “The night before they were to go the pet store, the debate began.” We can use context clues—
hints from known words or phrases around the unknown word or phrase—to help us figure out what the word debate most nearly
means. In the sentences that follow the above quotation, the author writes, “Duncan opened by stating how iguanas were easy to
care for. …Louisa countered that iguanas were not fun pets…” From this, we can tell that a discussion about the best type of pet is
taking place, where each sibling is offering an opinion about pets. Using this information, we can tell that a debate must be a
discussion that involves people presenting different opinions about a topic. This means that the word debate most nearly describes
a discussion. Therefore (D) is correct. Using the above information, we can tell that a debate is a discussion where people present
different opinions. Thinking does not involve two people discussing, it only requires one person, so we can tell that the word debate
does not most nearly describe thinking. This means (A) is incorrect. Using the above information, we can tell that a debate is a
discussion where people present differing opinions. Combat typically involves physical fighting, not discussion, so we can tell that
the word debate does not most nearly describe combat. Therefore (B) is incorrect. Using the above information, we can tell that a
debate is a discussion where people present differing opinions. An agreement is when people decide on something, so we can tell
that the word debate does not most nearly describe an agreement. This means (C) is incorrect.



Tài liệu bạn tìm kiếm đã sẵn sàng tải về

Tải bản đầy đủ ngay

×