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Exercises
In this exercise you have to explain what some words mean. Choose the right meaning from
the box and then write a sentence with who. Use a dictionary if necessary.
steals from a shop

he/she

designs Buildings
doesn't believe in God
is not brave

1
2
3
4
5
6

he/she

buys something from a shop


l

pays rent to live in a house or apartment

I

breaks into a house to steal things
expects the worst to happen

(an architect) . A.n. w-Y.h~---~?. ....?..9.rr..~ne N.tH!.....4&?..~n?. ....~~Mm.9 ?.. ,__ ..................................... ... ............ .
(a burglar) A burglar is someone ........................................................................................................................................................................ .
(a customer)
... . .. ................................... ......... . . .
.......... ········-··-- --------····----··· ..................................................... .
(a shoplifter) .......................... --·----··--------------------------- .......
................................................................... ------------·-------····· ........ ............................
(a coward) .. -----··· ......................................·---·------···-·--··-·---····· ..... ·····--·-----------------------···---·--·······-··--··-················-··-·-----------·-----------·--······· .......................... __ _
(an atheist) .............................. ········--······-··--·---··---- -·------···-···---·--···· ................................................................................................................................................

7 (a pessimist) -·-·--·-·-···--···-·---·· ..···········---·-··-·---··--···-···--·······--·········· .. ·-·-.. ······----····------·---·--······--··--··--···-----.. ·-····--···--··--···----····--------··----·-····-----··-·----------··-···-----·--···-8 (a tenant) .......... ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .

Make one sentence from two. Use who/that/which.
1 A girl was injured in the accident. She is now in hospital.
Th~ -9~-~ ...Nho N.!A-5 .i.rlJ~r~---~----tt.J.e....~-t - ~?.... r.w.w_.. 1-n.. JlD.?.P~-'-- -------·----·---------------------··----·-- ......................
2 A waitress served us. She was impolite and impatient.
The ................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ .
3 A building was destroyed in the fire. lt has now been rebuilt.
The ------- ------------------------·----.. -·--·--···--··········--·------------------------------···--·-····---·--·· -· --------·----------------- ------·----------------·--·--·--------------------·---------------......................................... .
4 Some people were arrested. They have now been released.
The ___ ________________ ........... --------------·---------------------------· ...... ------ ................................................ --········-····· .........................................................
5 A bus goes to the airport. lt runs every half hour.
The --------------------· .............................................................................................................................................................................................. ........... ..

Complete the sentences. Choose from the box and make a relative clause.
invented the telephone
runs away from home
stole my wallet
were hanging on the wall
1


2
3
4
5
6
7
8

makes furniture

gives you the meaning of words
can support Life
cannot be explained

Helen works for a company ......th.~---rr..~-~?.. fu.n:#¥r..~---------------------------··· ............................................................ ..................... .
The book is about a girl .................................................................................................................................................................................................... .
What happened to the pi ctures ................................................................................................ .................................................................................... ?
A mystery is something ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ .
The police have arrested the man _________________ ....... ................................................................................................................................................. .
A dictionary is a book .................... ·------------------ -----------· ..... ................................................ .......................................................................................... .
Alexa nder Bell was the man .................... ____ ............. ···--·--·--·----·--·--·-----------------------· .......... ................................................................................. .
lt seem s that Earth is the only planet ................................................................................................................................................. .

,.._• ., Are these sentences right or wrong? Correct them where necessary.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

I don 't like stories
_______________
who........_.._,..
have unhappy endings.
What was the name of the person who phoned?
Where's the nearest shop who sells bread ?
The driver which caused the accident was fined £5 00.
Do you know the person that took these pictures?
We live in a world what is changing all the t ime.
Dan sa id som e things about me that were not t rue.
What was the name of the horse it won the ra ce?

.. ... ?.tP.r.~?. . JheJ.-....b.~Y~ ......................................................
...... OK ........................................................................................ ...........
............................................................. .................................... __________ ..
..............................................................................................................

185


Exercises
-

In some of these sentences you need who or that. Correct the sentences where necessary.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

G

The woman lives next door is a doctor.
Have you found the keys you lost?
The people we met last night were very nice.
The people work in the office are very nice.
The people I work with are very nice.
What have you done with the money I gave you?
What happened to the money was on the table?
What's the worst film you've ever seen?
What's the best thing it has ever happened to you?

.... Th~ . ~.9..rr. m...~b C?. ....~Y..~?. ....n~xt. . M.P.r. . ... ....... .
......0.~................................................ .....................................................

What do you say in these situations? Complete each sentence with a relative clause.

1 Your friend lost some keys. You want to know if he has found them. You say:
Have you found tt.!e k~.?. ... H9..0. ....t.9~t..... ... .... ........... ................................ ....... . ................................ .................................. ?
2 A friend is wearing a dress. You like it. You tell her:
I like the dress
.... .. ..................
.. .. .......................................
3 A friend is going to see a film . You want t o know the name of t he fi lm. You say:
What's the name of the film ............. ...
....... . ...................
....... ....................................... ?
4 You wanted to visit a museum. lt was shut when you got there. You tell a friend:
... . ..... .. .................. .. .... . .. .................... ................... .. was shut when we got there.
The museum ...
5 You invited some people to your party. Some of them couldn't come. You tell someone:
Some of the people .. . .................................... .................. .. ..................................................... ........ ............... couldn't come.
6 Your friend had to do some work. You want to know if she has fin ished. You say:
Have you fini shed the work . ...... . ......
.... . .....
. .. ........ ........... ......... ......... 7
7 You rented a car. lt broke down after a few miles. You tell a friend:
The car . ........
....... .......... . ...... . .. ......
..... . . ........................... broke down after a few miles.
These sentences all have a relative clause with a preposition. Put the words in the correct order.

1 Did you find (looking I for I you I the books I were)?
Did you find .. tt.! .~ P.9.9.~ ?. ... yo~.... ~-~.~ ...LQ9.k~.g .fqr ............................................................................................................................ ?
2 We couldn't go to (we I invited I to I were I the wedding) .
3
4
5
6
7

..... ....................... . ..
........... ................................................. ....................................................................... .
We cou ldn't go to ..
What's the name of (the hotel I about I me I told I you)?
What's the name of
.................
....... ....................... ....... ...... . ........ ................................. ............. 7
Unfortunately I didn't get (applied I I I the job I for) .
..................... ............ .................................................................. .
Unfortunately I didn't get .. ....... ..... ..........
Did you enjoy (you I the concert I to I went)?
..................................... ................................................................................................................................................... ?
Did you enjoy
Ga ry is a good person to know. He's (on I rely I can I somebody I you).
.. ................. ................................ ............................................................... .
Gary is a good person to know. He's .. ....
Who was (the man I were I with I you) in the restaurant last night?
Who was ........ ..... .. . ........ .......................................... .......... . . ........ in the restaurant last night?

Put in that or what where necessary. If the sentence is already complete, leave the space empty.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

I gave her all t he m oney ...:- ..... I had. (all the money that I had is also correct)
.d you hear wltloJ:.
D1
. .....
t hey sa 'd
1 7.
They give their children everything . ....... ...... ..
they wa nt.
Tell me ........................................ you want and n l try to get it for you.
Why do you blame me for everything ........ .. .. ...................... goes wrong?
I won't be able to do much, but I'll do .. .......
................. I can.
I won't be able to do much, but I'll do the best .... . ................................ I can.
I don't agree w ith . . ... .. .................... you've just said.
................. he says.
I don't trust him. I don't believe anyth ing

187


Exercises
You met these people at a party:
My wife is an
English teacher. .

My mother writes
detective stories.

My ambition is
to climb Everest

, - - - - - -7

W

We've just got married .

My parents used t o
work in a circus.

The next day you tell a friend about these people. Complete the sentences using who or whose.
1
2
3
4
5
6

I met
I met
I met
I met
I met
I met

somebody ..... Nb.9.?.~...rr.9.tl1.~ ... w.r~s ....4~te.Y.4.Y~..?..W.r.~?. .... ............ . . ................. ................... ..... ...... .... ..... ....... .
a man ...................... ............... ................................................................................................................................. ................ ............................ .
a woman ................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............... .
somebody ..... .. ................... .. .................... . .. .. ......... ..... . ...... .. ......... ..... ........... ........................ ............ ..... . .. ........ ....................... .
a couple ..................................................... ...... .. ....
. .... . . ................................................ ........................................ .
somebody ........................................... ....
.. .... ....... ... ........................................................ .......
.. .......... .

Read the situations and complete the sentences using where.
1 You grew up in a small town . You went back there recently. You tell someone this.
I recently went back to ......th.~ ... ~rr.0-.4. to.~ YI w~ ~~....L g.r.~... YP................... . ..... ...
2 You're thirsty and you want a drink. You ask a friend where you can get some water.
?
Is there a shop near here ............................... . ...
... .. .. ... ... ........... ....... . ..... . .....
3 You wo rk in a fa ctory. The factory is going to close down next month. Yo u tell a friend .
The ............ ................................ ............................ ... ......................................................... is going to close down next month.
4 Sue is staying at a hotel. You want to know the name of the hotel. You ask a friend.
Do you know the name of .................. ... ...... . . ......... ... ..... . .. ....... .... ................................... ..... ............................................ ?
5 You play football in a park on Sundays. You show a friend the park. You say:
This is the ... ............................................................... ....... . ..... . . .. .. ........... ...... .... ....... ................................................. on Sundays.
••~ Complete each sentence using who/whom/whose/where.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

What's the name of th e man .... N.h 9..s.e. .... car you borrowed?
A cemetery is a place ........................................ people are buried.
A pacifist is a person ......................................... believes that all wars are wrong.
An orphan is a child ...... . ....
..... ...... pa ren t s are dead.
What was the nam e of the person t o . ......
. ...... you spoke on the phone?
The place ....... ................................... we spent our ho lidays was rea lly beautiful.
This school is only for children .............. ......... .......... ... . fi rst language is not English.
The woman with ... ...................................... he f ell in love left h im after a month .

Use your own ideas to complete these sentences. They are like the examples in Sections D and E.
1
2
3
4
5
6

I ca n't m eet you on Friday. That's the day I ,.m....gPirlg....~.~ ........................... . ... . ......
.. .................................. .
The reason ..... .......... ... ....................................................... ........................................................ was that t he salary was too low.
I'll never forget the time ......... ...................................
......... .......... ..... .... ...... . . ...................... ........... . .
................. .
Do you remember the day ............................ ........ .. . ... . .. ..... . ........ ............. .......... ......... ..... . . .....
?
The reason . . . .............................. .... ..... .. .....
. ............................................... is that they don't need one.
. .. ........ ..... . ....... was the year ............................ .... .... . ...... ......................................................... ......... .. ............

189


Exercises

Unit

95

Make one sentence from two. Use the sentence in brackets to make a relative clause (Type 2).
You will need to use who(m)/whose/which/where.
1 Catherine is very friendly. (She lives next door.)
.....C:~ er.l1.1~, ..~h9. ....1J.,v:~?. n~xt- ..4-Pg.r_,_.. ~?. ....vet:"y fr~Y1441 ~... . . ........................................................................................
2 We stayed at the Park Hotel. (A friend of ours recommended it.)
...We.... ~~~--- ~ ...th. ~ ...P..cv.k ....HP.~L....~hi&b .~ .fr~n4....9.f...9..0..t?.....r.w..~m.~n~ ................... . ................ ..............
3 We often go to visit our friends in Cambridge. (lt is not far from London.)
We often go to visit our friends in Cambridge .......... ........................ ..................................................................................................
4 I went to see the doctor. (She told me I needed to change my diet.)
I went to see .................... ........ ... . ................................ ... ... ........ ........... .... ... .. ........... ..................... .... .. .. .............................................
5 Steven is one of my closest friends. (I have known him for a very long time.)
Steven .. ....... ................................ .. .......... ............................ .. ............................................................................................................................................. ..
6 Lisa is away from home a lot. (Her job involves a lot of travelling.)
Lisa ............. ....... ........... ........ ... ...... ...................................................................................................................................................................................
7 The new stadium will be finished next month. (lt can hold 90,000 people.)
8 Alaska is the largest state in the USA. (My brother lives there.)
9 Our teacher was very kind. (I have forgotten her name.)

Read the information and complete each sentence. Use a relative clause of Type 1 or Type 2.
Use commas where necessary.
1 There's a woman living next door to me. She's a doctor.
The woman ..... NYJQ. J~y_~s. D~~t.. ..4P9.r.. ..W.....r.n e:. ~~- .. -~ ...49f-t9r........... .......................................................................................... ........
2 I've got a brother called Ben. He lives in Hong Kong. He's an architect.
My brother .... ~.~D..,....~hQ . ~y e~.... ~....H.Png . ..k.l?DB > . ~?. .... ~ ....<¥.~-~-'- .........................................................................................
3 There was a strike at the factory. lt began ten days ago. lt is now over.
The strike at the factory ......... ............................................................................................................................................................................................
4 I was looking for a book this morning. I've found it now.
I've found ............................... .......................................... ... . . .. ........................................................................................................................................... .
5 I've had my car for 15 years. lt has never broken down.
My car ....... .... .. ............ ....
................................................................................... .. .................................................................................................
6 A job was advertised. A lot of people applied for it. Few of them had the necessary qualifications.
Few of ............................................................................................. .......................................................................................................................................................
7 Amy has a son . She showed me a picture of him. He's a police officer.
Amy showed m e ........... ....... . ...... ............. ......... .. ...............................................................................................................................................
Some of these sentences are wrong. Correct them and put in commas where necessary. If the
sentence is correct, write 'OK'.
1 Anna told me about her ~ she's enjoying very much .
......Ann~... to~..--~-~ ...@P.If.t:... h~....n~..J.9..~.,....~h~.... ?..n ~~?.....~JP~~9 ... Y.~H ...mY.-.Q1.. ~ ...........................................................
2 My office that is on the second floor is very small.
3 The office I'm using at the moment is very small.
4 Mark's father that used to be in the army now works for a TV company.
5 The doctor that examined me couldn't find anything wrong.
6 The sun that is one of millions of stars in the universe provides us with heat and light.

191


Unit

Exercises
-

, · 96

Write the relative clauses in a more formal way using a preposition +whom/which.
1

1 Yesterday we visited the City Museum/ which 1 d never been to before.
Yesterday we visited the City Museum/ ..Jo ~hi&.h.... I. .,4....Y.l~Y.~....~-~ ----~-~fc?r..~ ........... ... ............................... ..... .
2 My brother showed us his new earl which hels very proud of.
My brother showed us his new earl ........... .
......................... ....... ............................ ..... ..................................................... .
3 This is a picture of our friends Chris and Sa m, who we went on holiday with .
This is a picture of our friends Chris and Saml ..................... ...... ............................... .... ...................... ................... .
4 The wedding/ which only members of the family were invited t0 1 took place on Friday.
The wedding~ ..... .. ...................... ............................................
............................................................................. ................................. ............. ,
took place on Friday.
Use the information in the first sentence to complete the second sentence. Use all of I most of
etc. or the ... of+ whom/which.

1 All of Helen 1S brothers are married.
Helen has three brothers~ @ P.f. ..~h.9~. 0-.r.~ ... r.-0.9.-::t:':t:'~ .... ........................................................................................... .
2 Most of the information we were given was useless.
We were given a lot of information/ . ....... . . ........................... .. .. . . .......................................................................................... .
3 None of the ten people who applied for the job was suitable.
Ten people applied for the job
4 Kate hardly ever uses one of her computers.
. ................ . .. ..
....... .. ........ . . ..... ................ .. ...... ..................................... ................. .
Kate has got two computers,
5 Mike won £100 1000. He gave half of it to his parents.
Mike won £10010001 ............................................................................................................................................................................................... .
1
6 Both of julia S sisters are lawyers.
julia has two sisters~ ................................................................................... ...................... ................................................................................... .
7 jane replied to neither of the emails I sent her.
I sent jane two emailsl ..... ..... ..............................
............................ ................................. .... . ...................................................... .
8 I went to a party- I knew only a few of the people there.
There were a lot of people at the party~ ....................................................................................................................................................... .
9 The sides of the road we drove along were lined with trees.
We drove along the road, the ... ............. .......
....... . ..... . ... ............................ ................................. ................ .
10 The aim of the compan/s new business plan is to save money.
The company has a new business plan/ ........................................................................................ ................................................................. .
I ... ........ . ... . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . ........... . ..... . ............ . ...... ....... .. ......... .. ............... . . ... .. .. ..... .. ... .. ...... . . .... . ... .... ........ .. .

-

Join sentences from the boxes to make new sentences. Use which.
---

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1
2
3
4

1

Laura couldn t come to the party.
jane doesnlt have a phone.
Alex has passed his exams.
Our flight was delayed.
Kate offered to let me stay at her house.
Th e street I live in is very noi sy at night.
Our car has broken down.

This was very kind of her.
This means we canlt go away tomorrow.
This makes it difficult to contact her.
This makes it difficult to sleep sometimes.
This was a shame.
This is good news.
This meant we had to wait three hours at the
airport.

Laura could nit come to the party w.hi&h ..w~·-· .~ ...?.h.9.-!0~..... ........................... .............................................. ....................
jane . . .......... ...... ....... ................................ ......................................................................................................................................................................... .
.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .
I ......

5
6 ................................................................. ................................................. .. ............................................................................................................................................
7 .............................................................................................................. ..

193


Unit

Exercises

97

Make one sentence from two. Complete the sentences with an -ing clause.

1 A bell was ringing. I was woken up by it.
I was woken up by ..... ~ b~ ..rmg.~g
2 A man was sitting next to me on the plane. I didn't talk much to him .
I didn't talk much to the . ........ ............ ..... . ...
3 A taxi was taking us to the airport. lt bro ke down.
The
broke down.
4 There's a path at the end of this street. The path leads to the river.
At the end of the street there's a .................... ... .... ..... ..... ....... ... ......... .... .. .. ..... ..... .................. ... ...... .. .... .. .................... .
5 A factory has just opened in the town. lt employs 500 people.
A ... .. .. . ...... ......................... ....... . ...... ........... ... ......
. . . ........................... ...... .. ........... has just opened in the town.
6 The company sent me a brochure. lt contained the information I needed.
The company sent me ..... . . ..... ............. .. . . . . . .. . ........................ .... ...... ........................ ...... . ........... ............ ....... .
-

Make one sentence from two, beginning as shown. Each time make an -ed clause.

1 A boy was injured in the accident. He was taken to hospital.
The boy L¥.1J.~r..~. --~ it1.? ~-~n~....... was taken to hospital.
2 A gate was damaged in the storm. lt has now been repaired.
The gate
...... ....
.... . ...
. ......... . . .
has now been repaired.
3 A number of suggestions were made at the meeting. Most of them were not very practical.
Most of the ...... .... ....... ........
.... .. .................
.... . ................... ....... .
were not very practical.
4 Some paintings were stolen from the museum. They haven't been found yet.
The ...................................................................................................................................... haven't been found yet.
5 A man was arrested by the police. What's his name?
What's the name of . . ........................................... .... . . ..... . ........... ..... . .. . . . ...........................
•••••



••••••••••••••• •••••••• • • • •

7
0

Complete the sentences using the following verbs in the correct form:
blow

caLL

invite

Live

offer

read

ring

sit

study

work

I was woken up by a bell ... rt.n.gi.r.lg ............... . .
Some of the people ...... ~v~ to the party can't come.
........ ...... .... near busy airports.
Life must be very unpleasant for people
. me the job.
A few days after the interview, I received an email
. ........ jack phoned while you were out.
Somebody . ......
There was a tree ..................................................... down in the storm last night.
The waiting room was empty except for a young man ..................... . ............................ by the window
... ............................. a magazine.
.. .......... ..... in a bank in London and a sister ...................... ...........................
8 Ian has a brother .....
econom ics at university in Manchester.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Use the words in brackets to make sentences using There is I There was etc.
1

m. . . .................................. . . . . . . . ...

1 That house is empty. (nobody I live I in it) ..... TI:H~!.~ ?..... Y.l.O..b.9~. ~Y.~.g .... ~.,
2 The accident wasn,t serious. (nobody I injure) ..... Th.~.~ ... N.~~- .. Y.1.9b.P~ .. 41j0.:r~............................................... ..
3 I can hear footsteps. (somebody I come)
There ..
...... . .....
.... .. .......
4 The train was full. (a lot of people I travel)
5 We were the only guests at the hotel. (nobody else I stay there)
6 The piece of paper was blank. (nothing I write I on it)
7 The college offers English courses in the even ing. (a course I begin I next Monday)

195



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