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kiến thức và bài tập về present simple tense

1. Công thức thì hiện tại đơn
Thể

Động từ “tobe”

Động từ “thường”

S + am/are/is + ……
Ex:
Khẳng định

S + V(e/es) + ……I ,
am;

We, You, They + V (nguyên thể)

We, You, They + are He, She, It + isHe, She, It + V (s/es)
Ex: I am a student. (Tôi là một sinh Ex: He often plays soccer. (Anh ấy thường
viên.)
xuyên chơi bóng đá)


S + am/are/is + not +

Phủ định

S + do/ does + not + V(ng.thể)

is not = isn’t ;

do not = don’t

are not = aren’t

does not = doesn’t

Ex: I am not a student. (Tôi không phải
Ex: He doesn’t often play soccer. (Anh ấy
là một sinh viên.)
không thường xuyên chơi bóng đá)
Nghi vấn

Yes – No question (Câu
hỏi ngắn)
ngắn)
Am/ Are/ Is (not) + S + ….?
A:Yes, S + am/ are/ is.

Yes – No question (Câu hỏi

Q: Do/ Does (not) + S + V(ng.thể)..?
A:Yes, S + do/ does.


No, S + don’t/ doesn’t.
No, S + am not/ aren’t/ isn’t.
Ex: Does he play soccer?
Ex: Are you a student?
Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.
Yes, I am. / No, I am not.
Wh- questions (Câu hỏi có từ
Wh- questions (Câu hỏiđể hỏi)


có từ để hỏi)
Wh + do/ does(not) + S + V(nguyên thể)
Wh + am/ are/ is (not) + S + ….? ….?
Ex: Where are you from? (Bạn đến từEx: Where do you come from? (Bạn đến từ
đâu?)
đâu?)

Lưu ý

Cách thêm s/es:
– Thêm s vào đằng sau hầu hết các động từ: want-wants; work-works;…
– Thêm es vào các động từ kết thúc bằng ch, sh, x, s: watch-watches;
miss-misses; wash-washes; fix-fixes;…
– Bỏ y và thêm ies vào sau các động từ kết thúc bởi một phụ âm + y:
study-studies;…
– Động từ bất quy tắc: Go-goes; do-does; have-has.
Cách phát âm phụ âm cuối s/es: Chú ý các phát âm phụ âm cuối này phải dựa
vào phiên âm quốc tế chứ không dựa vào cách viết.
– /s/:Khi từ có tận cùng là các phụ âm /f/, /t/, /k/, /p/ , /ð/
– /iz/:Khi từ có tận cùng là các âm /s/, /z/, /∫/, /t∫/, /ʒ/, /dʒ/ (thường có tận cùng là
các chữ cái ce, x, z, sh, ch, s, ge)
– /z/:Khi từ có tận cùng là nguyên âm và các phụ âm còn lại

2. Dấu hiệu nhận biết thì hiện tại đơn


Always (luôn luôn) , usually (thường xuyên), often (thường xuyên), frequently
(thường xuyên) , sometimes (thỉnh thoảng), seldom (hiếm khi), rarely (hiếm khi), hardly (hiếm
khi) , never (không bao giờ), generally (nhìn chung), regularly (thường xuyên).



Every day, every week, every month, every year,……. (Mỗi ngày, mỗi tuần, mỗi
tháng, mỗi năm)




Once/ twice/ three times/ four times….. a day/ week/ month/ year,……. (một lần /
hai lần/ ba lần/ bốn lần ……..một ngày/ tuần/ tháng/ năm)

Bài tập.
1. Use the correct form of the verb in the following sentences in the present simple tense:
- Tom (speak)............... three languages.
- They all (speak)............... three languages.
- I (not/like)................. swimming.
- She (live)............... in Hanoi.
- Michael (have).................. two bothers.
2. Change the following sentences to negative and question in the present simple tense:
1. They listen to English every day.
..........................................
.................................................
2. He plays badminton every afternoon
................................................
................................................
3. They play volleyball every morning
..................................................
................................................
4. He does homework every night.
.................................................
................................................
5. He has breakfast at 6.30
.................................................
.................................................
7. Mary and Peter go to work every day
...............................................
.................................................
8. We have dinner at 8 p.m.
.................................................
.................................................
9. My father reads books every day.
.................................................
.................................................
10. Nga practices English every week.
.................................................
.................................................


3. Put the adverbs in the right place.
1. I go to the cinema. (often)
.................................................
2. My mother drinks milk. (every morning)
.................................................
3. My parents go to work at 7.00. (usually)
.................................................
4. My sister goes swimming. (never)
................................................
4. Complete the sentences:
1) Tom ..................... stamps. (not/ to collect)
2) You ..................... songs in the bathroom. (not/ to sing)
3) Julie ..................... in the garden. (not/ to work)
4) I ..................... at home. (not/ to sit)
5) Tina and Kate ..................... the windows. (not/ to open)
6) Adam ..................... French. (not/ to speak)
7) His sister ..................... lemonade. (not/ to like)
8) We ..................... to music. (not/ to listen)
9) My father ..................... the car every Saturday. (not/ to clean)
10) Johnny and Danny ..................... in the lake. (not/ to swim)
5. Complete the sentences:
1) I (don’t stay/ doesn’t stay ) at home.
2) We (don’t wash/ doesn’t wash) the family car.
3) Doris (don’t do/ doesn’t do) her homework.
4) They (don’t go/ doesn’t go) to bed at 8.30 pm.
5) Kevin (don’t open/ doesn’t open) his workbook.
6) Our hamster (don’t eat/ doesn’t eat) apples.
7) You (don’t chat/ doesn’t chat) with your friends.
8) She (don’t use/ doesn’t use) a ruler.
9) Max, Frank and Steve (don’t skate/ doesn’t skate) in the yard.
10) The boy (don’t throw/ doesn’t throw) stones.
6. Use the correct form of the verb in the following sentences in the present simple tense


1. Mary (walk)………. to work every day.
2. We often (be) ………..at home on summer holiday.
3. My sister (not love)………… Math.
4. My brother (study)………… English every night.
5. The Earth (go)………….. around the Sun.
6. The plane (take)…………. off at 4 pm this weekend?
7. My mother (sweep)……………. the floor every afternoon.
8. I (not use)………….. this car regularly.
9. Mary and Peter usually (go)…………. to the cinema together?
10. They often (not watch)…………… TV.
7. Change the following sentences to negative and question in the present simple tense.
1. Her mother wakes up at 6.30 in the morning.
……………………………………………
……………………………………………
2. Mary is an intelligent girl.
……………………………………………
……………………………………………
3. Peter has lunch at school.
……………………………………………
……………………………………………
4. They often have breakfast at 7 o'clock.
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
5. It is very hot today.
……………………………………………
……………………………………………

8. Put the verb in the correct form.
1. I (be) ________ at school at the weekend.
2. She (not study) ________ on Friday.
3. My students (be not) ________ hard working.
4. He (have) ________ a new haircut today.
5. I usually (have) ________ breakfast at 7.00.
6. She (live) ________ in a house?
7. Where (be)____ your children?
8. My sister (work) ________ in a bank.
9. Dog (like) ________ meat.
10. She (live)________ in Florida.
11. It (rain)________ almost every day in Manchester.
12. We (fly)________ to Spain every summer.


13. My mother (fry)________ eggs for breakfast every morning.
14. The bank (close)________ at four o'clock.
15. John (try)________ hard in class, but I (not think) ________ he'll pass.
16. Jo is so smart that she (pass)________ every exam without even trying.
17. My life (be)_____ so boring. I just (watch)________ TV every night.
18. My best friend (write)________ to me every week.
19. You (speak) ________ English?
20. She (not live) ________ in Hai Phong city.
9. Choose the correct answer.
1. I _____ (be) a student.
are
is
am
2. My father __________ excuses when I feel like going to the cinema.
make always
always make
always makes
3. His students ________ (not, speak) German in class.
don’t speak
doesn’t speak
not speak
4. She ________ (not, be) six years old.
isn't
not is
are not
5. John ________ (work) in a supermarket.
works
working
work
6. The flowers _______________ (be, normally) watered by Bob ....
are normally
normally are
normally is
7. Danny ________ (phone) his father on Sundays.
phons
phones


phone
8. I ___________ (not, know) what you mean.
doesn't know
not know
don't know
10. Change these sentences into the negative form.
1. She feeds the animals.
- She __________________ the animals.
2. We take photos.
- We ______________ photos.
3. Sandy does the housework every Thursday.
- Sandy _____________ the housework every Thursday.
4. The boys have two rabbits.
- The boys ___________ two rabbits.
5. Simon can read English books.
- Simon ___________ read English books.
6. He listens to the radio every evening.
- She ___________ to the radio every evening.
7. Annie is the best singer of our school.
- Annie __________ the best singer of our school.
8. The children are at home.
- The children ___________ at home.
9. The dog runs after the cat.
- The dog __________ after the cat.
10. Lessons always finish at 3 o'clock.
- Lessons _________________ at 3 o'clock.
11. Complete the questions.
1. How/ you/ go to school/ ?- How do you go to school?
2. what/ you/ do/ ?
___________________________________ ?
3. where/ John/ come from/ ?
___________________________________ ?
4. how long/ it/ take from London to Paris/ ?
___________________________________ ?
5. how often/ she/ go to the cinema/ ?
___________________________________ ?
6. when/ you/ get up/ ?
___________________________________ ?
7. how often/ you/ study English/ ?


___________________________________ ?
8. what time/ the film/ start/ ?
___________________________________ ?
9. where/ you/ play tennis/ ?
___________________________________ ?
10. what sports/ Lucy/ like/ ?
___________________________________ ?
12. Use "do not" or "does not" to complete these sentences.
1. I ....... prefer coffee.
2. She ....... ride a bike to her office.
3.Their friends ....... live in a small house.
4. They ....... do the homework on weekends.
5. Mike ....... play soccer in the afternoons.
6. The bus ....... arrive at 8.30 a.m.
7. We ....... go to bed at midnight.
8. My brother ....... finish work at 8 p.m.
13. Complete the sentences.
1. ....... Jack like eating hamburgers?
=> Yes, ........
2. ....... you get up early on Sundays?
=> No, ........
3. ....... the students always work hard for the exam?
=> No, ........
4. ....... the train leave at noon every day?
=> Yes, ........
5. ....... he often play the guitar?
=> No, ........
6. ....... they take a taxi to school every morning?
=> Yes, ........
7. ....... Anna and Daisy visit their old teachers on winter holidays?
=> No, ........
8. ....... water boil at 100 degrees Celsius?
=> Yes, ........

14. Complete the sentences


1. Robin (play)..........football every Sunday.
2. We (have)..........a holiday in December every year.
3. He often (go)..........to work late.
4. The moon (circle)..........around the earth.
5. The flight (start)..........at 6 a.m every Thursday.
6. Peter (not/ study)..........very hard. He never gets high scores.
7. My mother often (teach)..........me English on Saturday evenings.
8. I like Math and she (like)..........Literature.
9. My sister (wash)..........dishes every day.
10. They (not/ have)..........breakfast every morning.
15. Fill in the blank.
I ………. like tea.
He ………. play football in the afternoon.
You ………. go to bed at midnight.
They……….do homework on weekends.
The bus ……….arrive at 8.30 a.m.
My brother ……….finish work at 8 p.m.
Our friends ………. live in a big house.
The cat ………. like me.
16. Choose the correct words.
1. I catch/catches robbers. My dad is a driver.
2. He always wear/wears a white coat.
3. They never drink/drinks beer.
4. Lucy go/goes window shopping seven times a month.
5. She have/has a pen.
6. Mary and Marcus cut/cuts people’s hair.


7. Mark usually watch/watches TV before going to bed. Maria is a teacher.
8. She teach/teaches students.
17. Fill in the blank with the correct form.
She (not study) ………. on Saturday. He (have) ………. a new haircut today. I usually (have)
……….breakfast at 6.30. Peter (not/ study)……….very hard. He never gets high scores. My
mother often (teach)……….me English on Saturday evenings. I like Math and she (like)
……….Literature. My sister (wash)……….dishes every day. They (not/ have)……….breakfast
every morning.
18. Rewrite the sentences.
1. My brothers (sleep)____________ on the floor.
2. (often) =>____________ He (stay) up late?
3. (sometimes) => ____________ I (do) the housework with my brother.
4. (always) => ____________ Peter and Mary (come) to class on time.
5. (never) => ____________ Why Johnson (get) good marks?
6. (always) => ____________ You (go) shopping?
7. (usually) => ____________ She (cry).
8. (seldom) => ____________ My father (have) popcorn. (never) => ____________
19. Complete the sentences.
Ex: They / wear suits to work? =>Do they wear suits to work?
she / not / sleep late at the weekends =>________
we / not / believe the Prime Minister =>________
you / understand the question? =>________
they / not / work late on Fridays =>________
David / want some coffee? =>________
she / have three daughters =>________
when / she / go to her Chinese class? =>________
why / I / have to clean up? =>_______


20. Fill in the blank.
My cousin, Peter (have)………..a dog. It (be)………..an intelligent pet with a short tail and big
black eyes. Its name (be)………..Kiki and it (like)………..eating pork. However, it (never/ bite)
………..anyone; sometimes it (bark)………..when strange guests visit. To be honest, it (be)
………..very friendly. It (not/ like)………..eating fruits, but it (often/ play)………..with them.
When the weather (become)………..bad, it (just/ sleep)………..in his cage all day. Peter (play)
………..with Kiki every day after school. There (be)………..many people on the road, so Peter
(not/ let)………..the dog run into the road. He (often/ take)………..Kiki to a large field to enjoy
the peace there. Kiki (sometimes/ be)………..naughty, but Peter loves it very much.




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