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TÀI LIỆU HƯỚNG DÃN THI NÓI B1 (SPEAKING B1)

TÀI LIỆU ÔN THI TIẾNG ANH B1

PHẦN THI NÓI
THEO ĐỊNH DẠNG VSTEP CỦA BỘ GIÁO DỤC& ĐÀO TẠO
(CÓ HƯỚNG DẪN ĐÁP ÁN)
The speaking Test lasts about 12 minutes and includes 3 parts.
Part 1: Social Interaction: “3 minutes”
Social interaction requires you to talk about familiar topics such as hometown, family,
work, study, leisure time, future plans and so on. The test-taker answers 6 questions
on familiar topics:
Topic 1: 3 questions
Topic 2: 3 questions
You are required to communicate effectively and fluently about topics by responding
to related to questions as much as possible rather than simply giving one-or two –
word answers.
Part 2: Solution Discussion: 4’ (1’ of preparation)
A situation with three choices will be given, the test-taker talks about these options
and selects the best choice. You will have 1 minute to prepare what you are going to
say. Then you have to make a talk about your solution for 1 to 2 minutes.
You are required to make a coherent talk about your solution. You need to create a
talk with a beginning, development, and an ending.

Part 3: Topic Development: 5’ (1’ of preparation)
You are given a topic card with a mind map of 3 ideas. You will have 1 minute to
prepare for a detailed presentation of the ideas. You are required to make a coherent
talk with a beginning, development, and an ending.
The examiner then engages you in a further discussion about questions related to the
topic.
ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
The speaking test is marked on:
-

Grammar
Vocabulary
Pronunciation

- Discourse Management
- Fluency

SAMPLE SPEAKING TEST


Part 1: Social Interaction (3’)
 Let’s talk about HEALTH
1. What do you do to stay healthy?
2. What physical exercises do you regularly do?
3. What habits are bad for your health?
 Let’s talk about FESTIVALS
1. What are some festivals you know in Vietnam?
2. What is your favorite festival?
3. What do people usually do on that occasion?
Part 2: Situation Discussion (4’)
A group of people are planning a trip to go from Da Nang to Ha Noi. Three means of
transport are suggested: by train, by plane or by coach. Which means of transport do
you think is the best choice?
Part 3: Topic development (5’)
Reading should be encouraged among teenagers because of its benefits.

Develop knowledge

. Reduces stress


Benefits of reading

[Your own ideas]

Improves memory

-

What kind of book do you think young people should read?
Is it expensive to read books?
How would you feel if someone gave you a book as a gift?

PART 1: SOCIAL INTERACTION
I.

Getting to know

Write down your answers to the questions in the table. Then talk with a classmate.


Information

Name

Hometown

Job/study

Family

Hobbies
Free time
activities
II.Tips

Questions
What’s your full name?
………………………………………………
What’s your first name?
……………………………………………….
What’s your last name/surname/family name?
………………………………………………
What’s your middle name?
……………………………………………….
Where are you from?
………………………………………………
Where do you come from?
……………………………………………….
Where do you live?
……………………………………………….
Where’s your hometown?
……………………………………………….
What’s your education? .....................................................................
What do you do? …………………………………………………..
What is your job? …………………………………………………..
Where do you work? ……………………………………………….
Are you married?
………………………………………
Do you have any children? How many children do you have?
……………………………………….
How many people are there in your family? Who are they?
……………………………………………..
Do you live in a small/nuclear family or a big/ an extended family?
……………………………………………….
Who do you love most in your family?
………………………………………………..
What’s your favorite hobby?
……………………………………………………………..
What do you often do in your free time/spare time/leisure time?
………………………………………………………………

1. Answer the questions using full sentences.
2. If possible, give a reason for your answer.
3. Don’t forget to say “ Yes” or “No” when
necessary
Explicit: rõ ràng
 Yes, I really like travelling.
 No, I’m not into travelling much.


Explain:
 Travelling is really fun, relaxing and interesting.
 Travelling is costly and tiring. I’d rather stay home
Example:
 I can have good memories and refresh myself after working hard.
 I may spend too much time and money for services.
III.

QUESTION TYPES

There are three kinds of questions. They are Yes/No questions, WH questions and
Choice questions.
1. YES/NO QUESTIONS
Are you + Adj……..?
Do you + V……?
Can you + V…..?
Have you + V3/ed…..?
Did you + V…..?
Will you + V…..?

Ex: Are you interested in watching TV?
Ex: Do you like shopping?
Ex: Can you use a computer?
Ex: Have you travelled to other countries?
Ex: Did you go a kindergarten?
EX: Will you continue to learn English in the future?

Sample Example:
Are you interested in watching TV?

Yes, I am. I’m so keen on watching
TV. I often watch movies with my
family every evening. It helps me
relax after working hard.

Do you like shopping?

Yes, I do. Shopping is one of my
hobbies. I usually go shopping at the
supermarket with my husband to buy
necessary things.

Can you use a computer?

Yes, I can. I use computer every day
for my job and entertainment. I
prepare documents and listen to
music on my computer.

Have you travelled to other countries?

Yes, I have. I have travelled to
Cambodia, Thailand, and Singapore.
They are beautiful countries.

Did you go to a kindergarten?

No, I didn’t. I did not go to school
until I was six. I went to a primary
school.


Will you continue to learn English in the future?
Yes, I will. English is very useful for
my job; therefore, I need to speak
English well so that I can gain more
success.
2. WH & H QUESTIONS
A. What Question
What is your favorite job?

My favorite job is a teacher because I
like working with children. They are
so cute. Moreover, I can teach my
students new things and knowledge.

What do you think the most difficult about studying English?
I think writing is the most difficult
part in studying English because
when you write you not only need a
good grammar but also have good
vocabulary.
B. Where Question
Where do you come from?

I come from ST city. It’s famous for
beautiful pagodas and good food such
as Bat pagoda, Chen Kieu pagoda,
Clay pagoda , Pia cake, Cong cake
and so on.

Where did you work?

I worked at a small primary school. It
is located in My Xuyen Province.

C. When Question
When do you often finish work?

I usually finish work at 5pm.
Sometimes, I work late, and finish at
6:30pm.

When did you often graduate from university?
I graduated from university in 2013.
Since then, I have worked for GPH
foreign languages center.

D. Why Question


Why do you like shopping in the supermarket?
I like to shop at the supermarket
because my office is near it and the
prices are more reasonable.
Why do you become a teacher?
I want to be a teacher. Because I like
to work with children. They are so
lovely.
E. How Question
How often do you play sports?

I play sports twice (two times) a
week on weekends with my friends.
We often play volleyball to stay
healthy.

How do you go/get to work?

Every day, I go to work by
motorbike. It’s not far from my
house to office, just about 20
minutes.

How important is learning English?

I believe that learning English is very
important. It is very useful for our
job and personal development.
Speaking good English, I can earn
more money.

How do you like your job?

Well, I like my job very much. It
offers me a pretty high income.

How long have you studied English?

I have studied English since I was in
grade ….. (for 10 years). I enjoy
learning English a lot.

III. CHOICE QUESTION “OR”
Are you keen on reading books or watching TV?

I really like reading books. I
read all sorts of things such as
novels, newspapers, online
articles and so on. It helps me
reduce stress after working
hard.

Do you like eating fruit or fast food?

I enjoy eating fruit every day,
because it contains a lot of


vitamins and minerals. So it
good’s for health.

Do you like to eat out or eat at home?

I prefer eating at home to
eating out because I can save
some money and comfortable.

IV.TOPICS

1. Hobbies and free time activities
2. Family and friends
3. Hometown
4. Neighbours & Neighbourhood
5. Work and study
6. Clothes and fashion
7. Holidays and festivals
8. Food and health
9. Shopping
10. Pets

11. Transport
12. Travel
13. Sports and games
14. Weather
15. News
16. Music
17. Television
18. Internet
19. Computer
20. Mobile phone

Let’s talk about these topics
Topic 1: Let’s talk about Hobbies and Free time activities
QUESTIONS

ANSWER

Vocabulary:
Outdoor=outside activities:
Going camping
Going fishing
Going shopping
Playing sports
Going out=hang out for a drink
Going to Karaoke bar
Baking
Indoor=inside activities
Reading book/newspaper
Cooking
Watching movies
Dancing
Surfing the internet
Playing cards
Kinds of sport: football, volleyball, jogging, swimming, go for a walk,…


Free time/spare time/ leisure time/ at the weekends,…
After studying/working hard = after a hard- working day
About 2 hours a day/ Everyday

Useful structures5
I often spend more time ………… because S+V/ beause of +Np.
It helps +(O) + Vo/ to Vo
My favorite free time activity is ……………..
I’m /keen on/ fond of +Ving
1.What is your favorite outdoor
activity/indoor activity?
2. What do you do in your free time?

3. Do you prefer to spend your free time
alone or with other people?
4. Do you spend more or less time
outside at the weekend?
5. How much time do you spend for
outdoor activities every day?
Topic 2: Let’s talk about Family and Friends
QUESTIONS

ANSWER

Vocabulary:
Going out= Hanging out for a drink
Going to the cinema
Going to Karaoke bar
Baking
Watching TV
Cooking togther
Going on a picnic
In freetime=spare time= leisure time
Family members: father, mother, sister, brother, grandfather, grandmother,…….
Be willing to help
To share each other
Get on well with
Have a lot of common
Have the same tastes


Give good advice
share happiness and sadness
Understand each other well and maintain a good relationship.
Useful structures:
I spend time with ………….. twice a year/ three time a month….
I enjoy +Ving…..
I would like to + Vo….
It depends on ………….
1. How often do you spend time with
friends?
2. When you have problems, do you talk
to your friends or family? Why?
3. How important is friendship to you?

4. Do you like to have many friends or
just some close friends? Why?

 Topic 3: Let’s talk about Hometown
QUESTIONS
ANSWER
Vocabulary
Earn/Make a living
Doing farming/ gardening
Doing private business
Making handicrafts
Teaching
Interesting things in hometown:
Beautiful landscapes/places: Bat pagoda, Clay Pagoda, Chen Kieu and Phat hoc
pagoda…
Good/ delicious food: Pia Cake, Cong cake, Noodles soup….
Friendly/helpful/kind people
Quiet and peaceful place
Convenient/comfortable
I would like to change some things :
Build more entertainment centers such as: cinemas, shopping centers, parks…
Build more schools/ roads/ hospital…
Useful structures:
I come from ……………
-My hometown is ………. . It’s located in the North/ middle/ South of VietNam.
-It’s famous for/ well known for ……..
It’s a/an + adj (quite….) to live in.


- S+ should + V1
- I lived there for ………. years.
- There are some + Ns ………..
- My hometown has …………
1. Where do you come from?

2. What are the most interesting things
about your hometown?
3. What do people in your hometown do to
earn a living?
4. What do you want to change about your
hometown?

Topic 4: Let’s talk about Neigbours and neighbourhood
QUESTIONS
ANSWER
Vocabulary:
Friendly= Kind neighbour
Be willing to help each other
To share each other
Get on well with each other
Close to each other
Useful structures:
In my opinion, it’s very important to have a good relationship because S +V
I love + Ving/N…. because S +V
When I have some problems. I can +Vo …………… .
1. Do you like your neighbour and
neighbourhood?
2. What are the qualities of a good
neighbour?
3. Are neighbours usually close to each
other in your country?
Topic 5: Let’s talk about Work and Study
QUESTIONS

ANSWER


Vocabulary
Jobs: Teacher, Doctor, Engineer, Accountant, Police officer, Tour guide, Manager,…..
Kinds of subject: Maths, Literature, English, Geography, PE, History, Biology, Physics,
Chemistry, Informatics, Civic Education,….
have a college/university degree in teaching
Hard to work
Useful structures
My job is a/an …….. = I’m a/an
I chose that job because S+V
To do the job well, I think we need to……………
I really like + Ving/to Vo….

1. What is your job?

2. What is your typical working day?

3. Why did you choose that job?

4. What is your favorite subject?

5. What do you need to do that job well?

Topic 6: Let’s talk about Clothes and Fashion
QUESTION

Vocabulary:
Kinds of clothes: Shirt, Jeans, T-shirt, Pants, Skirt, Dress…..
In the supermarket, In the market, Clothes shop, …….
Different types of clothes with many sizes and colors
More elegant and more confident

Useful Structures:
I would feel +ADJ
It offers ……..
Wearing nice clothes makes +O +ADJ
I often buy clothes ……….
1. What kind of clothes do you like to

ANSWER


wear?
2. Where do you usually buy clothes?

3. Have you ever bought clothes online?

4. Is wearing nice clothes important?

Topic 7: Let’s talk about Holidays and Festivals
QUESTIONS
ANSWER
Vocabulary
Some festivals:
Tet holiday, Mid-Autumn Festival, Woman’s Day, Hung King temple festival, Teacher’s Day,
Independence Day…..
Some traditional activities people do on that occasion:
Make sticky rice cake
Watch firework on the New Year,
Visit pagoda
Give lucky money to children.
Clean their house
Decorate the house with a lot of colorful lights and flowers
Paint the house with new color.
Shop for new clothes
Buy a lot of foods.
Kinds of food: sweets, coconut, jams, fruit candies, melon seeds, watermelon,….
Useful structures:
There are many festivals in VN such as ……………
People buy a lot of foods………………..
People do/prepare a lot of things like ………………..
My favorite festivals is ………………… because S +V
People has more time to enjoy the holiday.
People usually have longer holidays and there are many traditional activities to enjoy.
1. What are some festivals you know in
Vietnam?
2. What is your favorite festival?

3. What do people usually do on that occasion?


4. What is the most popular holiday in your
country?

Topic 8: Let’s talk about Foods and Health
QUESTIONS

ANSWER

Vocabulary:
Some habits good for health
doing physical exercises regularly
eating fresh food
having enough sleep
drinking a lot of water
Some habits bad for health
staying up late
eating a lot of fast food
drinking too much beer, alcohol or coffee
Physical exercises: swimming, jogging, volleyball, football, badminton
Kinds of food: noodles soup, spaghetti, rice, chicken,…
Useful structures: Likes
I’m interested in/ fond of/ keen on ….
I really like ……….
I like ……..best because ….
I’d rather ……….
I prefer + Ving (N) + to + Ving (N)
I would rather + bare Inf + (than)…
I enjoy + Ving
I’m a big fan of + Ving/N
1. What do you do to stay healthy?

2. What physical exercises do you regularly do?

3. What habits are bad for your health?

4. What kinds of food do you like to eat?

5. Do you prefer home-cooked meals or
restaurant-cooked meals?

Dislikes:
I’m not much for ………..
I’m not keen on ………. because
I don’t like/enjoy ……..


Topic 9: Let’s talk about Shopping
QUESTIONS
Vocabulary : Buy necessary things

ANSWER

Free time/ spare time/ leisure time/ on weekends.
Cheap # expensive, reasonable/ high expenses
Convenient, comfortable, save time
Always available / various choices
Goods/products
Buyers/shoppers/customers
Quality products: High-quality/ low-quality
Shipping costs/ Fixed Price/ Bargain/ compare the prices
Go online
Run the business
Buyer’s information
Cybercrimes
Kinds of shop: - Shopping online/ Shopping at the supermarket/the market/ the small shop/ the
big store
Useful structures
Ving/N brings/ + O + many + Ns………..
Ving +(N) has a lot of + Ns ………../ is Adj …………….
[topic]/ It is very +adj….
People cannot check ………..
Shopping online can help + O + Vo/to Vo ………….
There are various N + Ns ………………
People have more choices …….
1. Do you like shopping?

2. Which kinds of shop do you like?

3. Do you prefer shopping in a big store or
small store?

4.When do you often go shopping?

5. What do you usually buy when you go


shopping?

Topic 10: Let’s talk about Pets
QUESTIONS

ANSWER

Vocabulary
Kinds of pets: cat, dog,…
Lovely and loyal animal
Bring good luck
Useful Structures
There are a lot of kinds of pets such as ………… but I like ……….. best because S + V
My favorite animal is
Among kinds of pets, I like …… best because S + V
The popular pet to have in my country is ………. Because S+V

1. Do you have a pet? What’s your
favorite animal?

2. Do you like animals? Why?
3. What’s is a popular pet to have in your
country?

Topic 11: Let’s talk about Transport
QUESTIONS

ANSWER

Vocabulary
Means of transport: bike, motorbike, car, bus, ferry, train, plane, taxi….
Advantages of using public transport:
- Cost-effective
- Helps reduce traffic jam
- Be Environmentally friendly
Advantages of using private transport:
- Be convenient
- Be flexible
- Cleaner and less crowed
Useful structures
There are many types of transport like …………. but I like ……….. best because S+V


My favorite transport is ………….
Public transport/ Private transport is + ADJ
It helps reduce traffic jam
1. What’s your favorite mean of
transport? Why?

2. Do you prefer to use public or private
transport?
3. What are advantages of using public
transport?
4. What are advantages of using private
transport?
Topic 12: Let’s talk about Travelling
QUESTIONS
ANSWER
Vocabulary:
Advantages=benefits= positive effect of travelling:
Open/widen knowledge
Create lifetime memories
Make a lot of friends
Relax and learn about new cultures and places.
Drawbacks = disadvantages = negative effect of travelling
Language barrier = communication problem
Bad weather conditions
Travelling costs
Some places:
Dalat, Nha Trang, Phu Quoc,…..
Combodia, ThaiLand, Singapore, China, Japan….
Means of transport: by motorbike, by private car, by train, by tourist car, by plane.by coach…..
How often: once a month/year, twice a month/year, sometimes, in summer vacation, on
holidays……
Useful structures:
Travelling helps + O + V/ to v
Travelling has a lot of/various + Ns…………..
Traveling brings + O + a lot of/various + Ns ………
I really like/ enjoy + Ving ………. . Because, S + V / In fact, S + V/ Because of +Np
1. Do you like travelling?
2. What are some advantages
disadvantages of traveling?

and


3. What places do you like to visit?

4. How often do you travel?

5. How do you get there?

Answer the questions
Topic 13: Let’s talk about Sports and Games
QUESTION

ANSWER

1. What is your favorite sport?

2. How often do you play
sports/games?

3. How much time do you spend
exercising?

4. What physical exercises do you
regularly do?

Topic 14: Let’s talk about Weather
QUESTION
1. How many seasons are there in
Vietnam?

2. Which season do you enjoy most?
Why?

3. Does the weather affect your mood?

ANSWER


 Topic 15: Let’s talk about News
QUESTIONS

ANSWER

1. How do you usually get news?

2. Do you prefer TV news or news on
radio?
3. What kinds of news do you usually
read?

Topic 16: Let’s talk about Music
QUESTIONS

ANSWER

1. What kind of music do you like?

2. Who’s your favorite singer?

3. When do you usually listen to music?

4. Do you play any instrument?

Topic 17: Let’s talk about Television
QUESTIONS
1. Do you like watching TV? Why?
2. How much time do you spend
watching TV every day?

ANSWER


3. What some programmes do like to
watch?

Topic 18: Let’s talk about the Internet
QUESTIONS
1. How often do you use the Internet?

ANSWER

2. What is your favorite website?

3. How useful is the website for your
work/study?

Topic 19: Let’s talk about Computer
QUESTIONS

ANSWER

1. Do you like using computer?

2. What do you use computer for?

3. What is the importance of the computer
nowadays?

Topic 20: let’s talk about Mobile phone
QUESTIONS

1. How often do you use mobile phone?

2.
What
are
some
advantages/
disadvantages of using a mobile phone?
3. Where shouldn’t we use mobile phone?

ANSWER


PART 2. SITUATION DISCUSSION
Organization
 Step 1: Present the situation, and say what your choice is.
 Step 2: State and discuss the reasons why it is the best choice. Compare and
contrast the choices.
 Step 3: Summarize your ideas and confirm your choice.
Some situation discussions:
1. A group of people are planning a trip to go from Da Nang to Ha Noi. Three
means of transport are suggested: by train, by plane or by coach. Which means
of transport do you think is the best choice?
2. Your foreign friend is going to visit your country to learn about Vietnamese
culture. Consider the three following occasions to invite him to come: Tet
holiday, Independence Day or Mid – Autumn Festival. Which one do you think
is the best choice?
3. You are coming to work in a big city for several years. There are three options
of accommodation: renting a house, renting a small room, or staying in a cheap
hotel. Which one would be your choice?
4. Your cousin is considering what course he should take in summer time: an
English course, a cooking course, or a music course. Which one would you
recommend?
5. Your city/ province is going to build a public facility. Three options are a
library, a cinema, or a museum. Which one do you think is the best for local
people there?
6. A family is planning a trip. They consider whether to travel in summer, in
spring or in autumn. Which season do you think is the best choice for them?
7. You and some friends are discussing where to spend your one-week holiday
next month. There are three places to visit: Nha Trang, Da Lat, or Ha Noi.
Which place do you think is the best choice?
8. You are choosing a gift for your friend’s house-warming party. There are 3
choices that you can consider: a painting, an electric fan or money. Which one
do you think is the most suitable for this occasion?
9. There are some possible gifts parents may choose to give their son on his
birthday: a robot, an electric game, or a cell phone. Which you do think is the
best choice?
10. You are going to try new sport this summer. Which of the following sport are
you going to choose? Tennis, football or gifts do you think is the most suitable:
A book, a box of chocolate, or a T-shirt?

How to talk situation discussion:
Introduction: Mention your best choice.


 There are 3 options/choices such as A – B – C + paraphrase topic sentences + I
think, ……. is the best choice for some reasons.

Body:
Say 2 advantages of the option you choose and disadvantages of the 2 remain options
or say 3 advantages of the option you choose.
Firstly, ……………………………………………………………………………………..
Secondly, …………………………………………………………………………………..
Finally,……………………………………………………………………………………..
Example:
Useful structures of body.
A is + [short adj_ ER] than B or C (the other choices). For example/ Because,/ In
fact, while.….
 A is more [long adj] than B or C (the other choices). For example,/ Because,/ In
fact, while….…..
 A is not as ADJ as B or C (the other choices). For example,/ Because,/ In
fact,While…….
 A has more +adj/ N. For example,/ Because,/ In fact,While…….
 While/ whereas A……….., B………………….
 Unlike A …………., B………..

Conclusion: Restate your choice
To sum up,/ In short, there are several/some/many/ a lot of + choices/options +
paraphrase topic . For the reasons above. In my opinion, …….is the best choice.

Example: A group of people are planning a trip to go from Da Nang to Ha Noi. Three
means of transport are suggested: by plane, by train or by coach. Which means of
transport do you think is the best choice?
Situation: A group of people are planning a trip to go from Da Nang to Ha Noi.


Options: Three means of transport are suggested:
A: by plane
B: by train
C: by coach
Requirement: Which means of transport do you think is the best choice?

Sample Talk:

Introduction

Body

Conclusion

There are three means of transport/ choices to go from DN to HN such
as going by train, travelling by plane and going by coach. I think, going
by plane is the best choice for some reasons.
Firstly, traveling by plane is faster. For example, it takes one and a half
an hour to travel by plane while it takes about 16 hours to go by train or
two days to go by coach.
Secondly, going by plane is more comfortable because the plane is
cleaner and less crowded than a train or a coach.
Finally, traveling by plane is safer. There are fewer air accidents than
train or coach accidents.
To sum up, there are some means of transport to go to Hanoi from Da
Nang. For the reasons above, in my opinion, travelling by plane is the
best choice.

Task 1: Fill in the blanks with suitable words and talk with friends
Longer - beautiful - more traditional activities - In fact – For example – Therefore- three
options – watch - Tet holiday (2)- Independence Day - Mid-Autumn festival- While – Somake- visit- take- some choices- To sum up- Because-give.
Situation 2: Your foreign friend is going to visit your country to learn about Vietnamese
culture. Consider the three following occasions to invite him to come: Tet holiday,
Independence Day or Mid – Autumn Festival. Which one do you think is the best choice?


Introduction

There are …………………during a year that my foreign friend can
learn about Vietnamese culture such as………...., ………………,
or …………….. I think, Tet holiday is the best choice for many reasons.

Firstly, Tet holiday …………….., Tet usually lasts for 7 to 9 days ………. Independence
is……….......than
Day or Mid-Autumn just happens in 1 day. ………….., people will
other choices.
have more time to enjoy the holiday.
Secondly,
Tet ……………, people often ………… sticky rice cake, ……….. firework
holiday
on the New Year, ………. pagodas or ………… lucky money to
has ……………….. children. So, my friend can learn more about Vietnamese culture when
he takes part in these activities.
Finally, Vietnam is ……………. people usually decorate the streets and their houses with
more…………on
colorful flowers. …………., my friend and I can ………. a lot of
Tet holiday.
wonderful photos together.

Conclusion

…………..., there are …………….to learn about Vietnamese culture.
For the reasons above, I think …………is the best choice.

Task 2:
Situation 7: You and some friends are discussing where to spend your one-week
holiday next month. There are three places to visit: Nha Trang, Da Lat, or Ha Noi.
Which place do you think is the best choice?
1. What is your choice? What are some major benefits from the chosen
solution?
Your choice
Major benefits
2. What are supporting details for each benefit?
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3. What is your introduction?
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4. What is your conclusion?
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PART 3: TOPIC DEVELOPMENT
In this part of the test, there will be given a STATEMENT and some SUPPORTING
DETAILS, which are displayed in a Mind Map. You need to CLARIFY the statement
by using the supporting details and your OWN IDEAS.
Ways to develop benefits or disadvantages topics:

Introduction

Body

Conclusion
(Restate your
ideas)

(1)  There are several benefits/drawbacks of + Ving/N.
or
 [ Topic] + brings us/people a lot of benefits/drawbacks.
(2)Firstly, one benefit/drawback of + [topic] is + the first supporting
detail in Mind Map + develop your ideas by using conjunction.
(3)Secondly, another advantage/disadvantage of + [topic] is + the
second supporting detail in Mind Map + develop your ideas by using
conjunction.
(4)The final advantages/disadvantage of + [topic] is + the last
supporting detail in Mind Map + develop your ideas by using conjunction
In conclusion, Ving +(N) has some advantages/disadvantages. (5)

EXAMPLE: (5) Children should not be allowed to watch television too much.
Make children passive
(2)

Affect children’s


Drawbacks of
watching TV (1)

.

Some further questions:
-

Why do many people like watching TV?
Which program do you like to watch most?
What channel do you often watch?

Sample talk:
Introduction

Body

Conclusion

There are several drawbacks of watching TV.
Firstly, one drawback of watching TV is making children passive.
Actually, children just sit down to watch TV. So, they become
lazier and more passive in their daily life.
Secondly, another disadvantage of watching TV is affecting
children’s learning. Because they just watch TV all the time. They
have no time to study and do homework. It leads to a bad learning
result.
The final drawback of watching TV is causing children’s eye
problems. If children watch TV so much, they may have some
eyes problems like near-sighted.
In conclusion, watching TV has a lot of disadvantages. Therefore,
children should not be allowed to watch television too much.

Practice tasks
Topic 1:
(5)There are some possible ways to learn English effectively.
Practice speaking
regularly (2)
(2)
Study vocabulary
everyday (3)

Ways to learn
English (1)

Read and listen
regularly (4)

[Your own ideas]


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