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subject and verb agreement hay nhat

Chuyên đề 5: SỰ HÒA HỢP GIỮA CHỦ NGỮ VÀ ĐỘNG TỪ
N ít đa số ko có S ở cuối
N số nhiều là có S ở cuối
A Person
People
A Woman
Women
a Man
Men
a Child
Children
a Mouse
Mice
a Tooth
Teeth
a Foot
Feet
A fish
Fish
1.
Động từ số ít:

- S ít đa số không có S ở cuối " V ít
N1 and N2 + V ít (cùng là 1 người, 1 vật)
Vd: My best friend and my adviser, Tom, is coming out tonight.
Every
Each +
(số ít)

Noun (số ít)
+ V

Vd: Every child has a toy.
Each job needs patience.

Đuôi one / body / thing
Vd: Everyone is ready.

+

Every
Each +
of + Noun (số nhiều)
+V(số ít)
Either
Neither
One
Vd: Each of the patients is examined every
day.

V (số ít)

Each/Every +N ít and each/every + N ít +V ít
- thời gian(day/week/year/month), khoảng cách(km/miles),đo lường, tên một cuốn sách,
phim( để trong dấu ngoặc kép: “Tomand Jerry”) , tiền bạc(dollar/VND..) thì động từ được
chia ở số ít.
Vd: Ten dollars is a big sum.
- N ko đếm được(furniture,advice,weather,homework, water, sugar, rice, coffee, sand,
hair,housework, information,money, time…) " chia V ít
That+ S1+ V1 (tùy thuộc S1) +……………+
V ít
V_ing


To-inf (ở đầu câu làm Chủ ngữ) + V (số ít)
Vd: Writing many letters makes her happy.
That you get high grade is necessary
* Chú ý:


-Mặc dù hình thức số nhiều( có s) nhưng thực chất là số ít: news, athletes, bệnh tật (, measles,
diabetes mumps, ) , quốc gia (wales, the united states, the Philipines,) môn học có đuôi
ics( physics, economics, politics, linguistics…)
Many a+ N ít " chia V ít
Nhưng : many + N nhiều " V nhiều
Mệnh đề làm chủ ngữ " Vít
2. Động từ số nhiều:
S nhiều (có S) chia V nhiều

S1 + and + S2 + V (số nhiều)
Vd: He and his friends are good students.
John and I are going to play tennis.
The+Adj=Noun (The+tính từ tạo thành danh từ số nhiều) " chia V nhiều
The +
Adj
→ N số nhiều + V( số nhiều)
Young
: những người trẻ
Old
: những người già
Deaf
:những người điếc
Mute =dumb
:những người câm
Blind
: những người mù
Injured
: những người bị thương
Disabled =handicapped
:những người khuyết tật
Rich
: những người giàu
Poor
: những người nghèo
Sick
:những người ốm
Homeless
: những người vô gia cư
Jobless= unemployed
: những người thất nghiệp
Dead
: những người chết
Childless
: những người ko có con
Vd: The rich are not always happy.
Both S 1 and S 2 + V nhiều
Some/ a few/ both/ many/several + N số nhiều → V số
nhiều
* Chú ý:
-Mặc dù hình thức số ít nhưng thực chất là số nhiều:people, children, police, men, women,
family, cattle, government, poultry, army, team, teeth, feet, mice…….
Các danh từ luôn ở hình thức số nhiều

Trousers: quần tây
Jeans: quần jean
Shorts: quần sọc
Pants : quần dài

Eyeglasses: kính mắt
Tweezers: cái nhíp
Pliers: cái kìm
Tongs: cái kẹp

The pants are in the drawer số ít thì phải dùng “a pair of”
Vd: a pair of pants is in the drawer
3. Thập cẩm( có khi là V nhiều có khi là V ít)
with / together with
S1 + along with / as well as + S2 + V (S1)
accompanied by/as long as


Vd: The actress, along with her manager and some friends, is going to a party
tonight.
S1
S1

nor
S2
or
S2
Either
or
Neither
+ S1 +
nor + S2 + V (S2)
Not only
but also
Vd: Either you or I am wrong
Neither Tom’s parents nor his teacher is satisfied with his progress.
A number of (nhiều)
+ Noun (số nhiều) + V (số nhiều)
Vd: A number of the applicants have already been interviewed.
The number of( số lượng) + Noun (số nhiều) + V (số ít)
Vd: The number of days in a week is seven. Số lượng ngày trong 1 tuần là
7
A number of students are going to the class picnic: nhiều h/s đang đi dã ngoại với
lớp
N1 (có giới từ) + N2 + V (N1)
Vd: The study of languages is very interesting.
No

+ N( số it) → V ít
+ N ( số nhiều)→ V nhiều

There + be + N
( be phụ thuộc vào N sau be)
A lot of/ None of +N ít → V ít
A lot of/ None of +N nhiều → V nhiều
All / plenty of
All / plenty of
Danh từ tập hợp chia động từ phụ thuộc N1
- a pair of scissors (một cái kéo)
- a pair of glasses (một cái/cặp mắt kính)
- a pair of trousers (một cái quần dài)
- a pair of lovers (một đôi/cặp tình nhân)
a bunch of flowers /grapes /bananas /keys (một bó hoa/ chùm nho/ buồng chúi/ chùm chìa khóa)
a shower of rain (một trận mưa rào)
a school of fish (một đàn cá)
a range of moutains (một dãy núi)
Vd: Flock of birds is flying to its destination
Lưu ý: Đa số
S nhiều có S → V nhiều (ko có S)
S ít là ko có S → V ít có S/es
Choose the word or the phrase (A, B, C, or D) that best completes the sentence.
1. The Vietnamese _______ hard – working and brave


A. is
B. are
C. be
D. being
2. Ninety percent of the work_______ been done
A. is
B. are
C. has
D. have
3. All the books on the shelf_______ to me
A. belong
B. belongs
C. belonging
D. is belonging
4. The United States_______ between Canada and Mexico
A. lying
B. lies
C. lain
D. lie
5. Physics_______ us understand the natural laws.
A. helps
B. help
C. have help
D. helped
6. Either you or he _______ wrong
A. are
B. were
C. have been
D. is
7. John as well as Mary_______ very kind.
A. were
B. are
C. is
D. have been
8. Five miles _______ not very far
A. is
B. are
C. were
D. have been
9. _______ ten years too long?
A. Are
B. Is
C. Are being
D. Were
10. Neither his parents nor his teacher_______ satisfied with his result.
A. are being
B. were
C. is
D. are
11. Writing a lot of letters_______ her tired.
A. makes
B. make
C. have made
D. are making
12. Twenty dollars _______ the price.
A. are
B. is
C. being
D. were
13. Several pets, two dogs, and a cat _______ to be taken care of while we are gone.
A. needs
B. needing
C. need
D. needed
14. There _______ ten people in line already when we arrived.
A. are
B. is
C. was
D. were
15. The news _______ wholly correct.
A. is
B. are
C. have been
D. will been
16. Mathematics _______ very interesting to me.
A. are
B. have been
C. is
D. were
17. Either of these buses_______ past the university.
A. go
B. goes
C. have gone
D. gone
18. Mary, who often gets good marks, _______ very hard at school.
A. study
B. have studied
C. studies
D. are studying
19. Neither he nor they _______ here yesterday.
A. are
B. were
C. is
D. be
20. Both Mary and Ellen as well as Jean _______ on the tour.
A. are going
B. is going
C. has been going
D. was going
21. A number of workers _______ for a rise since last month.
A. ask
B. asked
C. has asked
D. have asked
22. The number of students in this class_______ 40.
A. be
B. are
C. is
D. have been
23. One of my friends _______ an actress.
A. is
B. were
C. are
D. have been
24. The heavy boxes in the corner of the room _______.


A. is mine
B. was mine
C. are mine
D. of mine
25. Playing video games _______ popular among children nowadays.
A. was
B. is
C. had been
D. will be
26. The picture of the soldiers _______.
A. were sold
B. are sold
C. have just been sold D. has just been
sold
27. Each of the students _______ ready for the oral test.
A. be
B. are
C. is
D. have been
28. Neither the director nor his assistant _______ yet.
A. has come
B. hasn’t come
C. have come
D. haven’t come
29. There _______ only a few people at the meeting last night.
A. are
B. is
C. was
D. were
30. The actress, along with her manager, _______ going to the party tonight.
A. is
B. are
C. was
D. were
31. Each of you _______ a share in the work.
A. having
B. has
C. to have
D. have
32. Linguistics _______ out the ways in which languages work.
A. find
B. finding
C. to find
D. finds
33. One of my neighbours _______ curious about other people’s private life.
A. being
B. were
C. is
D. been
34. There _______ a few flowers in this garden last summer.
A. being
B. were
C. are
D. is
35. Most of us _______ the same about the war.
A. feel
B. feels
C. feeling
D. has felt
36. The number of injured people _______ surprising.
A. being
B. were
C. are
D. is
37. Either he or I _______ to finish the work on time.
A. has
B. have
C. had
D. having
38. Everybody _______ trying to do their best at present.
A. to be
B. have been
C. are
D. is
39. Both of the girls _______ pretty, but neither of them is intelligent.
A. to be
B. has been
C. are
D. is
40. Jim as well as I _______ always busy doing English homework.
A. am
B. has been
C. are
D. is



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