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trắc nghiệm tiên ganh chuyen nganh duoc

1. UNIT1-9
2. A bacterial infection of the soft tissue around a tooth and it is full of a yellowish liquid (pus) is

called a dental Abscess (áp xe)(. Nhiễm trùng do vi khuẩn của mô mềm xung quanh răng và nó có
đầy chất lỏng màu vàng (mủ) được gọi là nha khoa)
3. Several of the children are handicapped because of Accident (s) which happened in the home or
on the road. Một số trẻ em bị khuyết tật do (các) tai nạn đã xảy ra trong nhà hoặc trên đường.
4. Some side wards have their own basins and lavatories so that suitable Accommodation( chố ở) is
provided for infectious patients. Một số phường bên có bồn rửa và bồn rửa riêng để có chỗ ở phù
hợp cho bệnh nhân nhiễm khuẩn.
5. Acupuncture ( châm cứu) involves the insertion of extremely thin needles through the skin at
strategic points on the body. Châm cứu liên quan đến việc chèn kim cực kỳ mỏng xuyên qua da tại
các điểm chiến lược trên cơ thể.
6. Addicted( nghiện) = Choose the word that has similar meaning with HOOKED
7. Adviso r = Choose the word that has similar meaning with COUNSELOR( cố vấn)
8. Aid = Choose the word that has similar meaning with SUPPORT
9. A(n) Alcoholic(đó uống có cồn) is a person who is addicted to alcohol(người nghiện rượu)
10. Alcoholism(nghiện rượu) is a chronic disease where people are obsessed with alcohol and cannot
control how much they drink even if it causes serious problems. là một căn bệnh mãn tính mà
người ta bị ám ảnh bởi rượu và không thể kiểm soát được lượng thức uống của họ thậm chí nếu
nó gây ra các vấn đề nghiêm trọng

11. Allergic (dị ứng) Are you _____________ to any medicines ( thuốc) or food ( thực phẩm)?
12. Allergies( dị ứng ) Immunologist is a doctor who specializes in _____ and asthma( hen suyễn)
13. Allergist (bác sĩ dị ứng).The patient has a terrible rash( phát ban khủng khiếp) on his legs. He
thinks he is allergic to dairy food, but it also might be grass. The patient may need to see a
_______
14. Anatomy( giải phâu học). The study of the human body called __________ was greatly advanced
when dissection was first used in 1515.
15. Anesthetic.(thuốc mê):A drug that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness to
prevent pain during a dental surgery is called a(n)______ Một loại thuốc làm giảm cảm giác có
hoặc không có ý thức để phòng ngừa đau trong khi phẫu thuật nha khoa được gọi là
16. Angiotensin is a protein which causes blood vessels to constrict, and drives blood pressure up.( là
một protein gây ra các mạch máu co thắt và làm tăng huyết áp.)
17. Anorexia( chán ăn ):If you have no appetite ( không thèm ăn), you might have __________
18. Drowning death occurs due to ____anoxia______, the lack of oxygen, which causes progressive
damage to important organs: brain, lungs, heart... Đuối nước chết xảy ra do anoxia, thiếu oxy,
nguyên nhân gây tổn hại đến các cơ quan quan trọng: não, phổi, tim ...
19. Antacids ( thuốc kháng aciad) is/are commonly prescribed for stomach ulcer.( loét dạ dày)
20. Antibiotic (kháng sinh):The patient was given a/an ______ to prevent the onset of infection.( Bệnh
nhân được cho / ______ để ngăn ngừa sự khởi phát của bệnh)
21. Antibiotics( thuốc kháng sinh)might be prescribed for pneumonia(viêm phôi)
22. A(n) Anticoagulantis( thuốc chống co giật) a substance that prevents the clotting of blood(ngăn
ngừa sự đông máu ). It is also called a blood thinner.
23. Antihypertensive( thuốc hạ huyết áp ):The doctor prescribed a(n)______for patient with high
blood pressure.(huyết áp cao)
24. If you get out of breath while you sleep, you may have sleep Apnea (ngừng thở khi ngủ)
25. Appendicitis is inflammation of the Appendix( viêm ruột thừa)
26. Appoint =Choose the word that has similar meaning with DESIGNATE (bổ nhiệm)
27. I'd like to make a(n) Appointment( cuộc hẹn ) to see the doctor, please
28. High blood( huyết áp cao) pressure is when the heart works harder to pump blood through the
Arteries( động mạch)
29. At a low( liều thấp ) dose of 75 mg, Aspirin is recommended(khuyến cáo ) for the primary and
secondary prevention of stroke.( đột quỵ)
Assistance


A self - help group offers people with disabilities information and practical _______and gives them a
chance to discuss their problems.
Atherosclerosis
________ is hardening and narrowing of the arteries caused by a buildup of fat, cholesterol, and other
substances in the walls of arteries.


Atrophy
When you suffer from ________, your muscles are withering and becoming weak
Autopsy
The cutting open and examination of a dead body in order to discover the cause of death is a(n) _____
Baby
Choose the word that has similar meaning with INFANT
Bandage
Can you cut this gauze for me? Use the ______ scissors on the table.
Bathroom
You have to wash your hands after using the __________ and before eating.
Biking
__________ is good for your health.
Biopsy
_____is the type of test that gives the most accurate results of cancer diagnosis.
Blood
Red cells, white cells and plasma are major component of the _____
Hematologist
______is a doctor who specializes in diseases of the blood
Blood bank
________ is a place where blood is collected from donors, typed, separated into components, stored, and
prepared for transfusion to recipients.
Breath
After walking up the stairs, she was out of ______
Calcium
Preeclampsia is caused by __________ deficiency.
Cancer
Oncologist is a doctor who specializes in _____
Carbohydrate
The bread, cereal, rice and pasta group is a good source of _______
Carbon monoxide
_______ is an odorless, colorless gas that can kill you.
Cardiac catheterization
________ is a test where a hollow tube is placed into the heart in order to evaluate the anatomy and
function of the heart and surrounding blood vessels.
cardiologist
A person who has chest pains and can't breathe properly may need to see a ___________


carotid
The ______ artery is in the neck and leads to the brain
Carotid artery
Doris's stroke was caused by a blood clot in her ________.
Check-up
The student is having a medical __________
Children health
Pediatrician is a doctor who specializes in _____
Cirrhosis
__________ is a disease characterized by scarring and eventual destruction of the liver.
Clot
The patient's stroke was caused by a blood __________ in the carotid arteries.
cold turkey
______means when you stop smoking suddenly and immediately.
Communicable
A disease which spreads from one person to another is a(n)________ disease
Complications
With adequate rest, a good diet, and moderate exercise, Angela hopes to have a healthy pregnancy
without any serious ________.
Confirm
The analysis will _____________ the diagnosis
Constipation
If you have difficulty in moving your bowels, you may have __________
Containers
To prevent poison accidents, keep products in their correct __________.
Contaminated
The drug user caught AIDS by using a ___________ needle.
Cough
Smoking too much can lead to continual ___________ and chest pain.
CPR
_________ consists of the use of chest compressions and artificial ventilation to maintain circulatory flow
and oxygenation during cardiac arrest. It is a technique used in an emergency when a person's heart has
stopped beating and their breathing has stopped.
Crack
________ is the crystal form of cocaine
Cure
There is no ______________ for diabetes, but the disease can be treated with insulin.
Dangerous
Choose the word that has similar meaning with RISKY
Death
Choose the word that has similar meaning with FATALITY


Defect
Choose the word that has similar meaning with BLEMISH
Deficiency
Because iron _________is common during pregnancy, your health care provider may recommend that
you receive a blood test to check your iron level.
Dental plaque
Regular cleaning of teeth and gums removes _______.
Dental technicians
________ work behind the scenes making the appliances that dentists use like crowns, bridges, plates,
and dentures.
Dental therapists
_________ provide oral health assessment, treatment, management and prevention services for children
and adolescents up to age 18.
Dentistry
_______ is the art and science of prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of conditions, diseases, and
disorders of the oral cavity, the maxillofacial region, and its associated structures as it related to human
beings.
Dentists
Those in the practice of dentistry are known as _________.
Deposits
Fatty _____________ can build up in the arteries, making it difficult for blood to flow
Dermatologist
Your skin has suddenly gone rough and red, and spots keeps breaking out. You should go and see a(n)
______
Designated
When you go out and drink, have a _________ driver.
Diabetes
Symptoms of _________ include: Excessive output of urine, thirst , loss of weight , weakness. _______ is
a serious disease in which there is too much sugar in your blood.
Diarrhea
__________ is an abnormal, frequent discharge of fluid fecal matter from the bowel.
Difficulty
I'm having ________ in breathing.
Digestive system
Gastroenterologist is a doctor who specializes in _____
Diplopia
If you see things double, you may have __________
discarded
Disposable equipment is _______ after use.
Disinfectant
_____ is a chemical substance that destroys bacteria
Disposable


_______ equipment is discarded after use.
Doctor
"Physician" is another name for ____________
Down
To come ______ with something = To become ill/sick
Drowning
_________ is suffocation in water
Drug abuse
__________ occurs with the excessive use or misuse of a drug beyond its intended purpose or
prescription.
Duodenal ulcer
Symptoms of _________ include heartburn and flatulence, hunger pain in the epigastria region, and
vomitting.
dyspnoea
His heart is bad and he suffers from shortness of breath. Which word can be used to replace 'shortness of
breath'?
Echocardiography
________ is the use of ultrasound waves to investigate the action of the heart.
Elbow
The_________ is located in the middle of the arm.
Electrocardiography
________ is the measurement of electrical activity in the heart and the recording of such activity as a
visual trace, using electrodes placed on the skin of the limbs and chest.
Embryo
During the first 8 weeks following fertilization, the developing human is called a/an _________.
Endlessly
A cancerous cell grows and divides _____________.
Environmental hygiene
_________ means keeping the surroundings clean.
Epidemiology
______ is the medicine branch that deals with the control of the spread of diseases.
Exercise
He doesn't take enough ____________: that's why he's fat.
Experience
People under a lot of stress may ____________ headache, fatigue and sleeping problems.
Eye chart
The doctor uses the ______ to examine the patient's vision.
Factors
High cholesterol, overweight and high blood pressure are some of the risk ___________ of heart
diseases .
Fatigue
Are you experiencing any _________? is the same as "Do you feel tired?"


Female
Gynaecologist is a doctor who specializes in ______ reproductive organs
Fetus
From the completion of 8 weeks until the end of pregnancy, the developing human is called a/an
________.
Fever
We'll put a cool cloth on your forehead to get your _____________ down
Floss
To avoid trouble with your teeth, make sure that you brush your teeth after each meal and _________
once a day.
Flow
A stroke occurs when the blood___________ to the brain is interrupted
Flushed
Janet is drunk. Her face is _______.
Fried food
To prevent indigestion and heartburn, which type of food you should avoid?
From
I'm afraid she is suffering _____________ an incurable disease
General practitioner
You need a medical check-up as a requirement for your health insurance. You should see a(n)
___________.
Geriatric ward
________ is a ward of the hospital that is specifically designated for elderly patients.
Geriatrics
_______ is the medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment of the elderly.
Germs
There are a lot of _________ especially on doorknobs and other places where people put their hands.
Gestation
_________ also means pregnancy.
Gingivitis
Plaque build - up can lead to _________, the tender and swollen gums that sometimes bleeds. ______ is
inflammation of the gum
Gums
The fleshy tissue surrounding the sockets of the teeth is called ______.
Gynecologist
A woman has been trying to get pregnant for three years. She has tried everything that the books suggest.
Which specialist does she need?
Gynecology
_______ is the branch of medicine and surgery concerned with the functions and diseases specific to
women and girls, especially those affecting the reproductive system.
handicap
A________ is a person who has physical or mental disabilities


Headaches
A failure to maintain steady levels of nicotine in the blood can result in various symptoms of withdrawal,
among them anxiety, nervousness, loss of concentration and _________.
Health insurance
The cost of health care is so high that _______ is necessary for most people.
Heart diseases
Cardiology is concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and management of ______
Heavy
Choose the word that has similar meaning with HEFTY
Heimlich Maneuver
_______ is a first aid procedure used to treat upper airway obstructions (or choking) by foreign objects.
Hemorrhagic
A stroke that involves bleeding into the brain is called a ____ stroke:
Heroin
_________ is made from poppy plants.
High-density lipoprotein
Increased levels of _______ in the blood is NOT likely to cause heart disease.
Hip
Your grandmother will be able to walk better after this ______ surgery.
Hygiene
________ refers to conditions and practices that help to maintain health and prevent the spread of
diseases
Hypertension
The symptoms of ________ include headache, giddiness, ringing in the ears, nose bleeds.
Hypodermic needle
The nurse uses the ________ to get a blood sample from the patient
Immune system
When you get AIDS, your __________ no longer works properly.
Immunology
_______ is the branch of medicine and surgery concerned with diseases and disorders of the immune
system.
Important
Choose the word that has similar meaning with SIGNIFICANT
Incontinence
When you suffer from __________, you can't control your bladder.
Indigestion
The pain caused in the region of the stomach by the stomach not correctly breaking down food is called
_______. Symptoms of _________ include burning pain,flatulence, heartburn. waterbrash, loss of
appetite, nausea, vomiting
Infection
The doctor examined the cut on his leg for signs of_____________
Infectious


Measles and Mumps are two examples of _____diseases
Initiation
_________ is when the sperm fertilizes the egg.
Injection
The patient was given a(n) ____________ to relieve the pain
Inoculation
________ is to give a weak form of a disease to someone usually by injection to stimulate the production
of antibodies.
Inpatient
Someone who is under a doctor's care and is admited to a hospital is called a(n) _____
Insomnia
If you can't sleep and you wake up frequently, you may have __________
Instruments
Sterile ____________ are handled with forceps.
Intensive care unit
________is a department in a hospital that treats people who are seriously ill.
Intestine
The long tube through which food travels from the stomach and out of the body while it is being digested
is called the _____
Ischemic
A stroke caused by a blood clot is called a/an ____ stroke.
atherosclerosis
Ischemic heart disease is reduced blood supply to the heart due to ____
Kidney
Nephrology is concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and management of _____diseases.
Larynx
The ________ is the voice box.
Laxatives
__________ might be prescribed for constipation
Lead
__________ is a heavy metal which is solid at room temperature and whose long-term exposure can
damage the nervous system.
Leukemia
What is cancer of the bone marrow stem cells that produce white blood cells called?
Liver
Liver is the body organ suffers the most life-threatening damage from alcoholism.
Lombosciatalgy
If you have pain in your back and legs, you may have __________
Lungs
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that affects the_________
Make


Hello, I'd like to ______ an appointment to see Doctor Jensen, please !
Malignant
_____ tumors can travel and begin growing in distant body locations. It means cancerous.
Mammogram
________ is the radiographic image of the breast
massage therapy
______ is the manual manipulation of soft body tissues (muscle, connective tissue, tendons and
ligaments) to enhance a person's health and well-being.
Maternity ward
After giving birth in a hospital, women and their babies are looked after by nurses and doctors in the
_________
Measure
A sample of blood is taken to ____________ the glucose levels in the blood
Mental disorders
Psychiatrist is a doctor who specializes in _____
Metastasis
______ is the process of cancer cells breaking free of the main tumor and spreading to other locations
Microscope
Laboratory technicians use a _____________ to examine blood specimens
Migraine
Symptoms of _________ include: throbbing headache. Hashes of light , partial loss of vision, numbness,
tingling,
Miscarriages
Pregnant women who smoke will have a higher number of ____________ than non-smokers.
Mobility impairment
Upper or lower limb loss or impairment is a form of ___________.
moderation
If you drink alcohol, drink it in ______
morning sickness
In ________ , the pregnant woman feels nauseous, sometimes vomits, and is often tired
Morphine
________ is an analgesic and narcotic drug obtained from opium and used medicinally to relieve pain.
Muscles
When you suffer from atrophy, your ______ are weaker and you have problems with movement.
Nappy
The newborn is getting his _______ changed in the nursery.
Navel
Another word for belly button is ______.
Needle
We'll have to get a blood sample with a hypodermic ___________
Neurologist


For the past month, you've often had problem moving your left leg, and now you have trouble moving
your right arm as well. You should go to see a(n) ________.
Nicotine
While alcohol is not a carcinogen, excessive use of it, particularly in combination with __________,
increases your chances of developing cancer of the mouth, larynx and throat.
Nose
Rhinitis is irritation and inflammation of the mucous membrane inside the _______
Nutrients
Avoid processed food as much as possible. Processing generally removes fiber and ______while it adds
unhealthy sodium and fats.
Obstetrician
A woman wants to know when she is due and to make sure that the fetus is healthy. She should go and see
a(n) _______
Occupational therapist
A __________ helps stroke survivors learn strategies to manage daily activities such as eating, bathing,
dressing, writing or cooking.
Occupational therapy
________ involves exercise and training to help the stroke patient relearn everyday activities such as
eating, drinking and swallowing, dressing, bathing, cooking, reading and writing, and toileting.
Off
The effects of this drug will slowly wear __________
Oncology
_______ is the branch of medicine and surgery concerned with diagnosis and treatment of tumors or
cancer
Ophthalmologist
A patient whose has red eyes may need to see a/an _____________.
ophthalmologist
A person whose left eye has an infection may need to see a _____________.
Orthopaedics
_________ is the study of the injuries and diseases of the bones and muscles.
Otorhinologist
You sneeze a lot when you are outdoors. You should go and see a(n) ______
Outbreaks
Most flu __________ occur in late fall and winter.
Ovum
____ is the female sex cell, or egg
Oxygen mask
An ______ is used for patient that can't catch his breath.
Paediatrician
Your baby has a fever and won't eat. You should take the baby to see a(n)_____
Palpitation
__________ is the sensation of faster heart beatings, irregular heartbeats, or skipped beats in the chest.


Pancreas
The organ in the body that produces insulin and substances which help to digest food so that it can be
used by the body is called the ____
Pathology
_______ is the science of the causes and effects of diseases, especially the branch of medicine that deals
with the laboratory examination of samples of body tissue for diagnostic or forensic purposes.
Pediatric ward
Your son has a high temperature, you must have him checked in the ________
pediatrician
A person whose baby has a fever and won't eat may need to see a_____________.
Perinatal
___________ means around the time of birth
Phlegm
I've been bringing up sticky, reddish-brown ________.
Physical
Doctor's Assistant: Have you been to see Doctor Jensen before? Patient: Yes, I have. I had a(n) ________
last year.
Physical inactivity
_________ increases the risks of obesity, heart disease, diabetes and cancer.
Physical therapist
A __________ helps stroke survivors with problems in moving and balance; suggests exercises to
strengthen muscles for walking, standing and other activities
Plague build-up
The most common cause of heart disease is ______
Plaque
_________ is a thin grouping of bacteria lives on gum tissue, teeth and crowns.
Poison control
When you have an accident with overdose, call __________ so they can help you with your personal
situation.
Preeclampsia
Calcium deficiency during pregnancy can cause _______. It is characterized by high blood pressure and
extra protein in the urine caused by calcium deficiency.
Prejudiced
Choose the word that has similar meaning with INTOLERANT
Prenatal
___________ means before birth.
Prescribe
Your doctor may _____________ painkilling drugs to make you more comfortable
Prescription
The doctor gives the patient a/an __________ for some medicine.
Pressure
High blood ___________ can lead to heart attacks, strokes or kidney disorders.


Private
The doctor needs to examine the patient in_____________
Progressive muscle relaxation
__________ is a technique that trains an individual to identify tension in various muscle groups and then
relaxing that tension one group at a time. The technique involves the individual tensing specific muscle
groups and then allowing them to relax.
Protein
Which nutrient is in great demand during pregnancy for the growth of the baby, placenta, uterus, breast
tissues and blood supply?
Pulse
The doctor holds the patient's wrist to feel his _________.
Quadriplegic
A ______ is a person affected by paralysis of all four limbs.
quadriplegic
A(n)_____ is someone who is unable to use his arms and legs due to paralysis
Radiologist
If you want to have your lungs X - rayed, you may see a/an _____
Radiotherapy
_________ is the use of drugs that kill cancer cells throughout the body.
Rate
Her pulse ___________ increased by 10%
Raw meat
You should clean your hands after touching ____________ so bacteria from the meat does not get on
other food, especially food that will not be cooked like fresh vegetables and brea
Recovery
Choose the word that has similar meaning with REHABILITATION
Refer
A general practitioner can ________ you to a specialist.
Relaxes
The drug _____________ the muscles and relieved the pain
Rely
Choose the word that has similar meaning with DEPEND
Resistance
A good diet helps the body to build up_______________ to diseases.
Risk
Maria is at high __________ of breast cancer.
Sarcoma
What is cancer of the muscle, bone, cartilage, or connective tissues called?
Scales
___________ are instruments for weighing people and things
Shin


The _______ is the front portion of the lower leg.
Side effects
Every medicine has some _________ associated with their use
Skim
The doctor recommended drinking____________ milk
Skin
The______ on his knee was scraped off when he hit the road.
Skin disorders
Dermatologist is a doctor who specializes in ____
Snack
She eats fruit for a ________
Spine
She may never walk again because her _______was so badly injured
Sterile
Nurses who carry out ______ procedures must wash their hands thoroughly before they begin.
Stethoscope
A piece of medical equipment which has two tubes fixed to a small disc which is put onto a patient's chest
or back to listen to the heart or lungs is called a ______
Stomatology
Dentistry is a part of ________.
Stroke
Aspirin and Antiplatelet are useful medications to prevent _______
Successful
I hope the treatment will be _____________
Suffocation
Drowning is simply ________ in water.
Symptoms
A persistent cough is one of the ___________ of the illness.
Take
The doctor told me to __________ the pills three times a day.
Thermometer
The ____________ measures the temperature
Throat
Your tonsils can get swollen when you get a sore ___________
Throw-tow-row-go
What is the motto for rescuing a person who is drowning?
Tingle
When you feel the sensation of a lot of sharp points being put quickly and lightly into your body this is
known as a ______
Tissue
We examine the ___________ under the microscope


Toe
My dad's little ________ was lost in the accident.
Tooth decay
________ can be treated by fillings or crowns
Trachea
The _______carries air from the throat to the bronchial tubes.
transfusion
This woman has lost a lot of blood, she might require a blood___________ .
Treated
Peter was __________ for minor injuries and shock
Trimester
Alcoholism is very dangerous, especially during the first ________ of pregnancy.
Tuberculosis
_________ is a disease of the lungs.
Uncooked
Choose the word that has similar meaning with RAW
Uterus
The organ in the body of a woman or other female mammal in which a baby develops before birth is
called the ______
Uterus
_____is the organ in a woman's body in which a baby develops during pregnancy.
Vaccination
Which of the following has the same meaning as "inoculation"?
Vaccines
The Salk and Sabin _________have greatly reduced the threat of polio.
Varicose veins
Some girls wear support stockings to prevent __________ .
Variety
The key to obtaining all the nutrients that your body requires is to have a balanced diet. This means eating
a ________of foods from different food groups.
Virus
A very small organism, smaller than a bacterium, which causes disease in humans, animals and plants is
called a _____. Examples of ______include: chicken pox, flu, and HIV.
Visual impairment
Personal navigator system is a technology used to help people with _________.
Wall
Blood pressure is the force of your blood pushing against the __________ of your arteries
Warm
Choose the word that has similar meaning with TEPID
Water
Which nutrient makes up most of your body?


Womb
A woman's uterus is also called a(n) ______
X rays
In 1893 Roentgen discovered the _______ which makes it possible to diagnose problems in the skeleton
and internal organs.
Yoga
The whole system of ___________ is built on three main structures: exercise, breathing, and meditation.
Cardiology/ Cardiologist
Diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular disorders
Endocrinology/ Endocrinologist
Diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the endocrine glands and hormones
Pediatrics/ Pediatrician
Diagnosis and treatment of disease in infants, children, and adolescents (under 18)
Geriatrics/ Geriatrician
Understanding of the physiological characteristics of aging and the diagnosis and treatment of diseases
affecting elderly patients.
Internal Medicine/ Internist
Study of the physiological and pathological characteristics of internal organs and the diagnosis and
treatment of these organs
Neurology/ Neurologist
Diagnosis and treatment of diseases of nerves and the nervous system.
Neurosurgery/ Neurosurgeon
Surgery of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves.
Obstetrics/ Obstetrician
Care of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and postnatal care.
Gynecology/ Gynecologist
Diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the female reproductive organs.
Urology/ Urologist
Diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the urinary system.
Ophthalmology/ Ophthalmologist
Diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases, including prescribing corrective lenses.
Pulmonology/ Pulmonologist
Diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the lungs and respiratory tract.
Otolaryngology/ Otolaryngologist
Medical and surgical management of disorders of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) and related structures of
the head and neck.
Immunology/ Immunologist
Study of various elements of the immune system and their functions
Gastroenterology/ Gastroenterologist
Diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the stomach and intestines.
Orthopedics/ Orthopedist


Prevention, diagnosis, care, and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders including injury to or disease of
bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, and tendons.
Oncology/ Oncologist
Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of cancer.
Dermatology/ Dermatologist
Diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the skin
Pathology/ Pathologist
Study cause and effect of disease.
Psychiatry/ Psychiatrist
Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illness, emotional disturbance, and abnormal behavior.
Rheumatology/ Rheumatologist
Diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory and degenerative diseases of the joints.
Nephrology/ Nephrologist
Diagnosis and management of kidney disease, kidney transplantation, and dialysis therapies
General Practice/ General Practitioner
Coordination of total health care delivery to all members of the family, regardless of sex, including
counseling; also known as family medicine
Plastic surgery/ Plastic surgeon
Surgery to alter, replace, and restore a body structure because of a defect or for cosmetic reasons
Allergy/ Allergist
Diagnosis and treatment of allergic disorders caused by hypersensitivity to foods, pollen, dusts, and
medicines
Anesthesiology/ Anesthesiologist
Administration of agents capable of bringing about loss of sensation with or without loss of consciousness
Otorhinology/ Otorhinologist
Branch of medicine dealing with the ear and nose and their diseases.
Histology/ Histologist
study of tissues
Hematology/ Hematologist
Diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the blood and blood-forming tissues
Proctology/ Proctologist
Diagnosis and treatment of diseases or disorders of the rectum and anus.
Outpatient clinic
Clinic for patients who are not required to be admitted to the hospital
Operating room
A room in a hospital equipped for surgical operations
Emergency room
A hospital room staffed and equipped to provide emergency medical care
Intensive Care Unit
A department in a hospital that treats people who are seriously ill
Exam / Consulting room


A medical facility in which medical doctors receive and treat patients
Admissions and discharge office
A hospital department responsible for patient admissions, discharges, and transfers.
Nursery
A room in a hospital where new babies are kept and cared for by nurses
Cardiac intensive care unit
A hospital ward specialized in the care of patients with heart attacks, unstable angina, cardiac
dysrhythmia and various other cardiac conditions that require continuous monitoring and treatment
Delivery room
A hospital room especially equipped for the delivery of pregnant women
Heart
A hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body
Artery
A blood vessel that carries oxygen-rich blood away from the heart
Vein
A blood vessel that carries oxygen-poor blood back to the heart.
Plasma
A colorless watery fluid of blood and lymph containing in which erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets
are suspended.
Red blood cells
Blood cells that carry oxygen to body cells and takes away carbon dioxide
White blood cells
A type of blood cell that guards against infection, fights parasites, and attacks bacteria
Platelets
Fragments of cells that aid in blood clotting
Atrium
Each of the two upper chambers of the heart that receives blood that comes into the heart
Ventricle
Each of the two lower chambers of the heart that pumps blood out of the heart
Lung
The main organ of the respiratory system.
Pharynx


Throat; passageway for food to the esophagus and for air to the larynx
Bronchi
The two passages through which air enters the lungs
Alveoli
Tiny sacs of lung tissue specialized for the movement of gases between air and blood
Diaphragm
A large, dome-shaped muscle that plays an important role in breathing.
Epiglottis
A flap of tissue that seals off the windpipe and prevents food from entering.
Respiratory system
System responsible for taking in oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide using the lungs
Nostril
Involved the air intake, it brings air into the nose.
Nasal cavity
A large air filled space above and behind the nose in the middle of the face. Each cavity is the
continuation of one of the two nostrils.
Pleural cavity
The cavity between the lungs and the wall of the chest
Bronchiole
Airways in the lungs that lead from the bronchi to the alveoli.
Neoplasm
a new growth (tumor) that is either benign or malignant
Benign tumor
a tumor that lacks the ability to invade neighboring tissue
Malignant tumor
a tumor that invades surrounding tissues, is usually capable of producing metastases
Angiogenesis
the process through which the tumor supports its growth by creating its own blood supply


Carcinoma
a cancer arising in the epithelial tissue of the skin or of the lining of the internal organs.
Lymphoma
a cancer arising in the lymph nodes and tissues of the body's immune system
Endoscopy
the process of viewing the inside of hollow organs or cavities with an endoscope
Chemotherapy
the use of drugs to treat diseases such as cancer
Hormone therapy
treatment of cancer by removing, blocking or adding hormones.
Bone marrow and stem cell transplants
use other people's marrow and/or stem cells to help cure certain diseases
Placenta
an organ that develops in the uterus during pregnancy. This structure provides oxygen and nutrients to the
growing baby and removes waste products from the baby's blood
Amniotic sac
a fluid-filled sac that cushions and protects a developing embryo and fetus in the uterus
Umbilical cord
a rope like structure that connects the embryo/ fetus to the placenta
Cervix
the opening to the uterus
Gestational diabetes
high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
a unit in the hospital for babies who need a high level of special medical care
Neonate
a newborn baby, up to 4 weeks of age
Stress
___________ is the response of your body and mind to being challenged or threatened.


Catastrophe
A __________ is an event that threatens lives and
may destroy property. It is one of the four general types of stressors.
Conflict
___________ is serious disagreement and argument about something important between people. It is a
common source of stress.
Environmental problems
___________ are conditions in your immediate surroundings affect your level of stress each day. They are
one of the four general types of stressors.
Major life events
___________are the events that require people to make major adjustments in their lives
(for example: loosing your job). They are one of the four general types of stressors.
General types of stressors
__________include: Major life events, environmental problems, catastrophe event, everyday problems
Stressor
An even or situation that causes stress is called a __________.
Fight-or-flight response
___________ is the initial reaction of the body to stress. It is also called acute stress response.
Chronic stress
__________ does not allow the body's stress hormones to return to normal level which can trigger certain
illnesses, reduce the body's ability to fight an illness, and make some diseases harder to control.
Mental symptoms
__________ of stress include: Tension, Irritability, Inability to concentrate, Feeling excessively tired,
Trouble sleeping.
Physical symptoms
__________ of stress include: Dry mouth, Pounding heart, Difficulty breathing, Stomach upset, Frequent
urination, Sweating palms, Tight muscles that may cause pain and trembling.
Responsibility
THE SIX R's FOR STRESS MANAGEMENT: ___________ means establish priorities and take one
thing at a time.
Reflection
THE SIX R's FOR STRESS MANAGEMENT:
___________ means know your stressors triggers and avoid them.
Relaxation
THE SIX R's FOR STRESS MANAGEMENT:
___________ means do something good for yourself to reduce tension and anxiety.


Relationships
THE SIX R's FOR STRESS MANAGEMENT:
Manage your __________ and avoid negative people.
Refueling
THE SIX R's FOR STRESS MANAGEMENT:
___________ means exercise regularly, eat a balanced diet and avoid foods that exacerbate stress:
caffeine, fats, nicotine, fast food.
Recreation
THE SIX R's FOR STRESS MANAGEMENT:
___________ means doing any activity for enjoyment
Hyperventilation
__________ , or shallow over-breathing, is part of the typical stress response which can prolong feelings
of anxiety by making the physical symptoms of stress worse.
Diaphragmatic
_________breathing, also known as abdominal breathing, is when an individual consciously breathes
using the diaphragm. It is a relaxation technique used to relieve anxiety.
Chin
_________ is the protruding part of the face below the mouth.
Wrist
_________ is the part of your body between your hand and your arm.
Thigh
_________ is the part of the leg between the hip and the knee.
Drug dependence
_________ develops when the brain's neurons adapt to repeated drug exposure and only function
normally in the presence of the drug.
Drug addiction
__________ of any kind is the display of compulsive behavior.A major feature of addiction is the loss of
control when it comes to abstaining from the substance.
Brain
Potential effects of drug abuse to the ___________ include: sleeplessness, emotional problems, addiction,
changes in heart rate, breathing and body temperature.
Mouth
Potential effects of Methamphetamine abuse to the __________ include: Rotting teeth, gum disease, and
bad breath.
Methamphetamine
___________ abuse can cause the following:
Rotting teeth, gum disease, heart attack, blood clots, and sudden death.
Alcohol


___________ abuse can cause the following: Fatty liver, hepatitis, and liver cirrhosis.
Fetal alcohol syndrome
When a pregnant woman drinks alcohol, some of that alcohol easily passes across the placenta to the fetus
and cause birth defects. When this happens, it is called __________
Tolerance
__________ means that, over time, you need more and more alcohol/drug to feel the same effects. It is
the 1st major warning sign of alcoholism/ drug addiction.
Withdrawal
_________ is a group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug including:
Anxiety, trembling, sweating, nausea and vomiting, insomnia, depression, irritability, fatigue, loss of
appetite, headache.
Addiction treatments
__________ include the following: Cognitive Behavioural therapy, counseling, psychotherapy,
medication.
Digestive System
The _______________ breaks down food polymers into smaller molecules to provide energy for the
body. Main organs: mouth, stomach, intestines, rectum, teeth, tongue, liver, pancreas.
Circulatory System
The main function of the _______________ is to transport nutrients and gasses to cells and tissues
throughout body. Main organs: heart, blood vessels, blood .
Nervous system
The _______________ uses electrical and chemical means to help all parts of the body to communicate
with each other. Structures: brain, spinal cord, nerves
Excretory system
The _______________ removes wastes and maintains water balance in the body. Structures: kidneys,
urinary bladder, urethra, ureters.
Skeletal system
The _______________ supports and protects the body while giving it shape and form. Structures: bones,
joints, ligaments, tendons, cartilage.
Muscular system
The _______________ enables movement through the contraction of muscles.
Endocrine system
The _______________ regulates vital processes in the body including growth, homeostasis, metabolism,
and sexual development. Main structures: pituitary gland, pineal gland, thymus, ovaries, testes, thyroid
gland.
Integumentary system
The _______________ protects the internal structures of the body from damage, prevents dehydration,
stores fat and produces vitamins and hormones. Main structures: skin, nails, hair, sweat glands.


Reproductive system
The _______________ enables the production of offspring through sexual reproduction.
Esophagus
_________ is a muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
Gall bladder
An organ that stores bile and releases it as needed into the small intestine for digestion.
Rectum
_________ is the last section of the large intestine, connecting the end of the colon and the anus.
Appendicitis
__________ means inflammation of the appendix.
Hepatitis
__________ means inflammation of the liver.
Sublingual
__________ means under the tongue.
Gastritis
__________ means inflammation of the stomach.
Proctitis
__________ means inflammation of the rectum and the anus.
Gastroenterology
__________ is the study of the stomach and intestines and their diseases.
Gastrectomy
__________ is the surgical removal of the stomach.
Antiemetic
__________ is a medication that is administered to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting.
Pneumonia
__________ is a serious inflammation of the lungs
Bronchitis
__________ is the inflammation of the bronchial tubes.
Asthma
__________ is a condition in which the small airways in the lungs narrow, making breathing difficult.


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
__________ is a lung disease characterized by chronic obstruction of lung airflow that interferes with
normal breathing and is not fully reversible
Coronary artery disease
atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries that reduces the blood supply to the heart muscle
Ischemic heart disease
reduced supply of oxygenated blood to the heart
Rheumatic heart disease
damage to heart muscle and heart valves by rheumatic fever (a streptococcal infection)
Congenital heart disease
birth defects that affect the normal workings of the heart.
Myocarditis
inflammation of the heart muscle.
Angina
chest pain or discomfort caused when your heart muscle doesn't get enough oxygen-rich blood.
Arrhythmia
Abnormal heart rhythm
Cold turkey
__________ means giving up smoking all at once, without the aid of any nicotine replacement therapy
(NRT) products or stop-smoking drugs
Angiography
x-ray imaging of blood vessels after injection of contrast material
Electrocardiography (ECG or EKG)
the measurement of electrical activity in the heart and the recording of such activity as a visual trace,
using electrodes placed on the skin of the limbs and chest.
Angioplasty
the technique of mechanically widening a narrowed or obstructed blood vessel
Cardiac rehabilitation
a supervised program to resume normal activities following a myocardial infarction.
Expectant mother
Smoking is dangerous for ___________ because smokers have a higher number of miscarriages or
premature babies than non-smokers.
Behavioral therapy
During __________, the patient works with a counselor to find triggers (e.g. emotions or situations that
make him wants to smoke) and makes plan to get through the cravings
Kicking the habit
__________ means to give up something harmful that you have done for a long time
Insidious drug
Nicotine, which is the active ingredient in tobacco smoke, is an __________ because it does not produce
any dramatic evidence of intoxication - its addictive power is often underestimated.
Palpitation
When someone has __________, their heart beats very fast in an irregular way.


Pallor
__________ means lack of color; unnatural paleness, as of the face, associated with poor health, fear.
Diuretics
__________are agents that increase urine secretion and lower blood pressure.
cerebrovascular accident
A stroke, also known as ___________ (CVA), is an acute neurologic injury in which the blood supply to a
part of the brain is interrupted. That is, stroke involves sudden loss of neuronal function due to
disturbance in cerebral perfusion.
A stroke
__________ occurs when the blood supply to your brain is interrupted or reduced. This deprives your
brain of oxygen and nutrients, which can cause your brain cells to die.
Ischemic stroke
__________ (Blockage) is caused by a blockage in the blood vessels to the brain.
Hemorrhagic stroke
__________ (Bleeding) is caused by burst or leaking blood vessels in the brain.
Embolic stroke
__________occurs when a blood clot or other debris forms away from your brain and is swept through
your bloodstream to lodge in narrower brain arteries. This type of blood clot is called an embolus.
Thrombus
__________ is a blood clot formed within a blood vessel and remaining attached to its place of origin.
Embolus
__________ is a clot that breaks lose and travels through the bloodstream.
Aneurysm
__________ is an excessive localized enlargement of an artery caused by a weakening of the artery wall.
Arteriovenous malformation
__________ is an abnormal connection between the arteries and veins in the brain; may cause a
hemorrhagic stroke.
Physical Therapist
__________ helps stroke survivors with problems in moving and balance; suggests exercises to
strengthen muscles for walking, standing and other activities
Occupational Therapist
__________ helps stroke survivors learn strategies to manage daily activities such as eating, bathing,
dressing, writing or cooking
Speech-Language Therapist
__________ helps stroke survivors re-learn language skills (talking, reading and writing); shares
strategies to help with swallowing problems
Primary stroke prevention
__________ is aimed at reducing the risk of stroke in asymptomatic people. The most effective
prevention is through control of modifiable risk factors.
Secondary stroke prevention
__________ is aimed at reducing the risk of recurrence after a first stroke or transient ischemic attack.
Carcinogenic
__________ means "cancer causing"


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