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Heidi murkoff arlene eisenberg sandee hathaway what to expect the toddler years (v5 0)



WHAT TO EXPECT THE TODDLER YEARS
Heidi Murkoff
Arlene Eisenberg
Sandee Hathaway, B.S.N.
Sharon Mazel

Foreword by
Morris Green, M.D., F.A.A.P.
Perry W. Lesh Professor of Pediatrics
Indiana University Medical Center


Copyright © 1994, 1996, 2009 by
What to Expect LLC
Book illustrations copyright © 1994, 2009 by Marika Hahn
What to Expect® is a registered trademark of What to Expect LLC.
All rights reserved. No portion of this book may be reproduced—mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including
photocopying—without written permission of the publisher.
Published simultaneously in Canada by Thomas Allen & Son Limited.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data is available
ISBN 978-0-7611-5214-9
Material in “What Your Toddler May Be Doing Now”:
Adapted from the Denver Developmental Materials, W. K. Frankenburg, M.D.
By permission of the author. Height, Weight and Head Circumference Charts, pages 862–65:
Developed by the National Center for Health Statistics in collaboration with the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and
Health Promotion (2000).
Book design: Lisa Hollander with Janet Vicario
Front cover illustration: Tim O’Brien based on a photograph by Penny Gentieu/babystock Back cover illustration: Tim O’Brien based on
a photograph from Getty Images Cover quilt: Lynn Parmentier, Quilt Creations, www.quiltcreations.net
Quilt photography: Davies + Starr
Book illustrations: Marika Hahn
Workman books are available at special discounts when purchased in bulk for premiums and sales promotions as well as for fund-raising
or educational use. Special editions or book excerpts can also be created to specification. For details, contact the Special Sales Director
at the address below.
Workman Publishing Company, Inc.
225 Varick Street
New York, NY 10014
Manufactured in the United States of America
First printing 2009
60 59 58 57 56 55 54
Note: All children are unique and this book is not intended to substitute for the advice of your pediatrician or other physician who should
be consulted on toddler matters, especially when a child shows any sign of illness or unusual behavior.


To Elizabeth, the toddler we could always turn to; and to Emma, Wyatt, Rachel, and Ethan,
whose toddler years are gone but certainly not forgotten.
To Howard, Erik, and Tim, our partners in parenting, and our very best friends.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
A Million Thanks
Much like the eight toddlers we’ve had the pleasure of parenting, What to Expect the Toddler Years
has presented us with countless challenges. And in the four years that it has taken us to research,
write, and produce it, we’ve been lucky enough to work with many wonderful people who have
assisted us in facing those challenges. Now, with the book in hand (make that two hands; at 900 plus
pages, one hand won’t do), we’d like to take the opportunity to express our thanks to those who have
helped put it there:
All the readers of our previous books, not only for their input, insights (keep those cards and letters
coming!), and their loyalty (so greatly appreciated), but for their patience as they waited (and waited,


and waited) for this book’s arrival.
Elizabeth Hathaway, toddler-come-lately, for obligingly posing for countless knock-knee photos,
for always doing everything “by the book,” and for generally being the right age at the right time.
Dr. Morris Green, our esteemed and distinguished medical advisor, who never flinched (at least
visibly) at the endless piles of paper we sent him, who painstakingly crossed our medical t’s and
dotted our medical i’s, who brought not just scientific knowledge, but great sensitivity to the task, and
who worked at laser speed no matter how busy he was on other projects.
Suzanne Rafer, our intrepid editor and good friend (she’d have to be), who waded through the sea
of manuscript with her usual grace, style, sense of humor, and more “flags” than the United Nations
will ever see.
The entire Workman team and extended family, but especially Lisa Hollander and Janet Vicario for
their artistic expertise; Judit Bodnar for perceptive copy-editing, and Joan L. Giurdanella and Rob
Sternitzky for attentive proofreading; David Schiller for copy that lets readers tell our books by their
covers; and Peter Workman for his wisdom, understanding, and patience.
Marika Hahn for adorning the book with so many adorable toddlers.
Dr. Mark Widome for his invaluable support and assistance, particularly on matters of toddler
safety and first aid. And the many others who’ve lent their expertise, including Carole Marcus, M.D.,
J. Rutt Reigart, M.D., Kathy Leonard, M.D., Al Mooney, M.D., Shelly Bazes, C.N.P., W. K.
Frankenburg, M.D., Beverly Bresnick, Cate D’Amboise, Sara Jacobs, Ann Wimpheimer, Alan
Friedman, Sue Kellerman, Wendy Sax, Barbara Braun, Susanna Morgenthau, Mimi Gelb, Eve
Coulson, Aliza Cotton, Michael Rand, and the moms and dads who’ve plied us with questions at our
parenting groups and seminars.
The terrific staff at the American Academy of Pediatrics, including Michael Copeland, Carolyn


Kolbaba, Leslee Williams, and former staff member Michelle Weber, for helping to keep our books
accurate and up-to-date.
The editors of Contemporary Pediatrics for invaluable assistance whenever called upon; Juliann
Goldman of C.S.P.I.; and N.A.P.N.A.P.
Tameka Hall and Niurka Zameta, crackerjack assistants, who kept up with filing mountains of
articles from journals and newsletters, checked phone numbers, and otherwise kept our office going.
Abby and Norman Murkoff and, as always, Mildred and Harry Scharaga for unflagging support.


Contents
FOREWORD: A PEDIATRICIAN’S PRESCRIPTION
INTRODUCTION: A TALE OF “TWO” TODDLERS
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
How to Use What to Expect: The Toddler Years
What Your Toddler May Be Doing Now
A Note to Nontraditional Families
PART ONE: THE SECOND AND THIRD YEARS
CHAPTER ONE: THE THIRTEENTH MONTH
WHAT YOUR TODDLER MAY BE DOING NOW
WHAT YOU CAN EXPECT AT THE ONE-YEAR CHECKUP
WHAT YOU MAY BE WONDERING ABOUT

Frequent Falls
Safety Warning
Bumping Into Things
Slow Gross-Motor Development
Slowpoke Walker
Ensuring a Good Fit
Selecting Shoes for the Walker
Replacing Shoes
Toeing-In (Pigeon-Toes)
The Into-Everything Syndrome
Banging on Everything
Diapering Difficulties
Appetite Slump
Milk Allergy
Food Throwing
Food Blowing
Messy Self-Feeding
Clinging/Dependence
Separation Anxiety
Parting Tips
The First Separation


Your Separation Anxiety
Resistance to the Cup
Weaning From the Bottle
Introducing Cow’s Milk
How to Wean From the Breast
When to Wean From Breastfeeding
Playyard Rejection
Cat Napping
Language Lag
Generalizing
Conversation Frustration
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW: Getting Your Toddler Talking
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT FOR YOUR TODDLER TO KNOW: Other People Have Rights

Other People Have Feelings, Too
CHAPTER TWO: THE FOURTEENTH MONTH
WHAT YOUR TODDLER MAY BE DOING NOW
WHAT YOU MAY BE WONDERING ABOUT

Negativism
Setting Limits
Not Taking “No” for an Answer
Food Strike
Emptying Things
The Dropsies
A Short Attention Span
Bowlegs
Toeing-Out
Flat Feet
Toe Walking
Post Crying-It-Out Trauma
A Start in Art
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW: Play Is the Toddler’s Work

Toys for Tots Early in the Second Year
Containing the Clutter
Buy Right
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT FOR YOUR TODDLER TO KNOW: All About Grandparents

CHAPTER THREE: THE FIFTEENTH MONTH
WHAT YOUR TODDLER MAY BE DOING NOW


WHAT YOU CAN EXPECT AT THE FIFTEEN-MONTH CHECKUP
WHAT YOU MAY BE WONDERING ABOUT

Dirty Doings
Night Waking
Keep It Cool
When the Cow’s the Culprit
Nighttime Feedings
Now I Lay Me Down to Sleep
Antisocial Behavior
Early Hitting
Acquiring a Pet
Crawling Relapse
Loss of Vocabulary
Caveperson Language
Birthmarks
Birthmarks, A Year Later
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW: Accentuating the Senses
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT FOR YOUR TODDLER TO KNOW: Nobody’s Perfect
CHAPTER FOUR: THE

SIXTEENTH MONTH

WHAT YOUR TODDLER MAY BE DOING NOW
WHAT YOU MAY BE WONDERING ABOUT

Fear of Dogs
Pet Prescriptions
No Fear of Dogs
Poor Eating Habits
Erratic Eating
A Change in Eating Habits
Switching Seats
A Towering Toddler
Stranger Suspicion
No Fear of Strangers
A Preference for Mommy
Leaving a Sleeping Toddler with a Sitter
Continued Mouthing of Objects
Bath Rejection
Readiness for Potty Learning
Book Consumption


Climbing Capers
Crooked Teeth
Crankiness From Teething
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW: How to Encourage Learning, Thinking, and New Experiences
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT FOR YOUR TODDLER TO KNOW: Reading Is Fundamental
CHAPTER FIVE: THE

SEVENTEENTH MONTH

WHAT YOUR TODDLER MAY BE DOING NOW
WHAT YOU MAY BE WONDERING ABOUT

Strange Stools
Fridge Opening
Throwing Habit
Clinginess During Play Group
Setting Up a Play Group
Annoying Habits Picked Up at Play Group
Screeching and Screaming
Diaper Striptease
Continued Use of a Comfort Object
Thumb Sucking
Continued Pacifier Use
Comfort Activities
Disinterest in Comfort Habits
Whether to Tether
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW: Disciplining Your Toddler

Win-Win Solutions
Make Discipline a Laughing Matter
Disciplining Techniques That Work
To Spank or Not to Spank
When Spanking Becomes Abuse
Never Shake a Toddler
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT FOR YOUR TODDLER TO KNOW: The ABC’s of P’s and Q’s—Introducing Manners

CHAPTER SIX: THE EIGHTEENTH MONTH
WHAT YOUR TODDLER MAY BE DOING NOW
WHAT YOU CAN EXPECT AT THE EIGHTEEN-MONTH CHECKUP
WHAT YOU MAY BE WONDERING ABOUT

Another Baby—When?
Impatience (Now!)
Telephone Interference


Interfering With Visitors
Napping Problems
Early Rising
Bedtime Rebellion
Slumber Diary
Day-Care Separation Problems
Mealtime Restlessness
Safe Seating
Mealtime Entertainment
Mutiny on the Highway
Stroller Struggles
Shampoo Struggles
Resistance to Hand Washing
Jealousy
A Spoonful of Sugar
Early Tantrums
Toys, Playthings, and Activities at Eighteen Months
Delayed Walking
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW: All About TV and Toddlers

The Ten Commandments of Wise TV Viewing
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT FOR YOUR TODDLER TO KNOW: The Values You Value

CHAPTER SEVEN: THE NINETEENTH MONTH
WHAT YOUR TODDLER MAY BE DOING NOW
WHAT YOU MAY BE WONDERING ABOUT

Night Wandering
Escape from the Crib
Night Waking Due to Teething
Snoring
A Chronically Runny Nose
Hyperactivity
Energy Outlets for Tots
Relaxation Techniques for Tots
Underactivity
Unclear Speech
Delayed Language Development
Meekness
The Physical Toddler


Wandering Off
Resistance to Nail Trimming
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW: How Toddlers Make Friends
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT FOR YOUR TODDLER TO KNOW: Kindness Toward Animals

CHAPTER EIGHT: THE TWENTIETH MONTH
WHAT YOUR TODDLER MAY BE DOING NOW
WHAT YOU MAY BE WONDERING ABOUT

Aggressive Behavior
Taming Aggression
Play-Date Guidelines
Hair Pulling
Biting
“Type A” Kids
Talking It Out
Hitting Back
Aggressiveness with Toys
Aggressive Friends
Breath Holding
What’s This?-itis
Shift From Difficult Baby to Difficult Toddler
Living with Your Difficult Toddler
Wall Art and Other Destructive Drawing
Try It Quiet
Aversion to Cleanliness
Playground Timidity
Oversensitivity
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW: Dealing With Toddler Fears and Phobias

The Why of Toddler Fears
What’s That Pitter Patter?
Coping With Toddler Fears
Facing Fears
When Little Fears Get Too Big
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT FOR YOUR TODDLER TO KNOW: The Joy of Giving

CHAPTER NINE: THE TWENTY-FIRST MONTH
WHAT YOUR TODDLER MAY BE DOING NOW
WHAT YOU MAY BE WONDERING ABOUT

The Observer


Swallowed Objects
Poking Objects in Orifices
Penis Worries
Penis Envy and Curiosity
Teaching Time
Kissing on the Lips
Showing Affection
You’re Not Alone
Difficulty Loving a Toddler
Sexual Identity
Stifling a Son’s Emotions
Challenging a Daughter
Is It Time to Take Them Out to the Ball Game (or a Movie, or Play, or Concert?)
Guns and Other War Toys
Making Routines Routine
Unreasonableness
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW: The Art of Comforting (Kissing and Making Better)
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT FOR YOUR TODDLER TO KNOW: All About Right and Wrong

CHAPTER TEN: THE TWENTY-SECOND MONTH
WHAT YOUR TODDLER MAY BE DOING NOW
WHAT YOU MAY BE WONDERING ABOUT

Trouble with Taking Turns
Protecting Your Valuables
Shopping with Toddlers: Mission Impossible
Fascination With the Mechanical
Getting Caught in the Act
Exploration of the Genitals
Posture Problems
For-Parents-Only Temper Tantrums
Ritualistic Behavior
Food Fetishes
Resistance to Change
Reading Repetition
Musical Monotony
Readiness for Potty Learning Now
Toilet Learning and a New Baby
Generosity Turned Selfish


WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW: Traveling With Your Toddler

Wherever You Go
Don’t Leave Home Empty-Handed
Traveling by Plane
Leaving the Country
Traveling by Train
Traveling by Car
Traveling Toddler’s Tummy
Bedding Down: Selecting a Place to Stay
Curbing the Queasies
Junior Jet Lag
Packing for the Road
Tantrums on the Go
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT FOR YOUR TODDLER TO KNOW: All About Sharing

CHAPTER ELEVEN: THE TWENTY-THIRD MONTH
WHAT YOUR TODDLER MAY BE DOING NOW
WHAT YOU MAY BE WONDERING ABOUT

Five O’Clock Frazzles
Handedness
Pack-Rat Syndrome
Toothbrushing Tantrums
Toothpaste Consumption
Toothpaste Rejection
Hairbrushing Hijinks
Shoe Struggles
Sock Problems
Dressing Dilemmas
A Ticklish Situation
Coat Combat
Hat and Mittens Battles
Self-Dressing Frustrations
Roughhousing
“Play-with-Me” Demands
Continued Clumsiness
Repeated “No’s”
Noisiness in Public Places
Cheer Achievement ... But How Much?


Happiness Is a Warm Parent ...
Grammatical Errors
Pronoun Mix-Ups
ABC’s and 1, 2, 3’s
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW: Building Self-Esteem
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT FOR YOUR TODDLER TO KNOW: The Importance of Fitness

CHAPTER TWELVE: THE TWENTY-FOURTH MONTH
WHAT YOUR TODDLER MAY BE DOING NOW
WHAT YOU CAN EXPECT AT THE TWO-YEAR CHECKUP
WHAT YOU MAY BE WONDERING ABOUT

The Second Birthday Party
Why? Why? Why?
Toilet Learning Reversals
Fear of the Doctor
Block the Ouch!
Fear of the Dentist
Fear of the Barber
Tell It Like It Is
Fear of Falling Asleep
Night Waking Now
Nighttime Protection
Stress-Related Waking
Nightmares
Night Terrors
Nightmares vs. Night Terrors
Sleepwalking
Color-Blindness
Reverse Psychology
Giftedness
The “Carry Me” Syndrome
Moving to a Bed
Unkind Behavior
Your Boredom with Toddler Games
Knock-Knees
Destructive Behavior
Good Eating Habits
Booster Seat Rejection


A Toddler Who’s a Follower
School-Related Fatigue
Belated Weaning
To Grandmother’s House We Go
Embarrassing Moments
Whining
Toys for Tots—at Two Years
Toddler Anger
Tantrums in Public
Laughable Tantrums
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW: Taming Tantrums

What’s Behind Your Toddler’s Tantrums?
Tantrums Aren’t Just for Kids
Heading off Tantrums
Dealing with Tantrums
After the Storm
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT FOR YOUR TODDLER TO KNOW: Everybody’s Different

CHAPTER THIRTEEN: THE 25TH TO 27TH MONTHS
WHAT YOUR TODDLER MAY BE DOING NOW
WHAT YOU MAY BE WONDERING ABOUT

Constant Spilling
Fat and Cholesterol Intake Now
Cholesterol Levels in Children
Starting Chewable Vitamins
Restlessness at Religious Services
Cranky Days
Overstimulation
Nose Picking
Distaste for New Foods
Lactose Intolerance
Milk Rejection
Milk Safety
Total Concentration on Play
Refusal to Take Time for Meals
The “Gimmes”
Talking to Your Toddler at Two
Whims


WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW: Encouraging Creativity and Imagination

Creativity
Copy Cat
Imagination
Getting Creative With Techniques
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT FOR YOUR TODDLER TO KNOW: What’s a Mommy? A Daddy? Sorting Through Gender Roles

CHAPTER FOURTEEN: THE 28TH TO 30TH MONTHS
WHAT YOUR TODDLER MAY BE DOING NOW
WHAT YOU MAY BE WONDERING ABOUT

The Child Who Has Everything
Disciplining Other People’s Children
A Homebody
Continuous Monologues
Resistance to Kissing
Resistance to Hugging
Love Pats
A Second Language
Family Nudity
Child Nudity
Overscheduling
Into the Swim? Not Yet.
Middle-of-the-Night Visits
The Family Bed
Frustration with Difficult Tasks
Fear of Trying
Excessive Independence
Stuttering
Interest in Erections
Dawdling in the Morning
Dawdling While Walking
Playground Pokiness
Pokey Eating
Cooking to Order
Cutting Food
A Hungry Toddler
Inability to Follow Directions
Separation Anxiety at Preschool


A Calm-at-School, Wired-at-Home Toddler
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW: Accepting Individual Temperaments
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT FOR YOUR TODDLER TO KNOW: Living by the Rules

CHAPTER FIFTEEN: THE 31ST TO 33RD MONTHS
WHAT YOUR TODDLER MAY BE DOING NOW
WHAT YOU MAY BE WONDERING ABOUT

An Imaginary Playmate
Shyness
Unresponsiveness Toward Adults
A Lack of Friends
A Crybaby
Bossiness
Teasing
Refusal to Listen
Toddler Decision Making
Chores
Chores Toddlers Can Tackle
Room Care
The Facts of Life
The New Facts of Life
Parental Displays of Affection
Bribes and Rewards
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW: Communicating with Your Child
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT FOR YOUR TODDLER TO KNOW: Caring About the Earth—Teaching Environmental Concern

CHAPTER SIXTEEN: THE 34TH TO 36TH MONTHS
WHAT YOUR TODDLER MAY BE DOING NOW
WHAT YOU CAN EXPECT AT THE THREE-YEAR CHECKUP
WHAT YOU MAY BE WONDERING ABOUT

Sleep Requirements
Fear of the Dark
Toileting Setbacks
Urine Accidents
Handling Sucking Habits Now
Disinterest in Potty Learning
Bed-Wetting
Growing Pains
Name Calling


Mean-Spirited Comments
Silly Behavior
Making Letters
Sleep Talking
Friends Who Don’t Share
Playing Doctor
Shoplifting
Quality Time
Terrible Twos Ad Infinitum
Ice Chewing
Questionable Playmates
Forgetfulness
Music Lessons
Speech That’s Still Unclear
Frightening Fairy Tales
The Third Birthday Party
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW: The Superchild Syndrome

Introducing the ABC’s and 1, 2, 3’s
Nurturing the Scientist in Your Toddler
Signs of the Superchild Syndrome
WHAT IT’S IMPORTANT FOR YOUR TODDLER TO KNOW: The Importance of Being Honest

What About Those Little White Lies?
PART TWO: TODDLER CARE, HEALTH, AND SAFETY
CHAPTER SEVENTEEN: TODDLER CARE PRIMER
FROM SKIN CARE TO DRESSING TIPS

Caring for Your Toddler’s Skin
Take a Good Look at Your Toddler’s Skin
At Greater Risk Under the Sun
Decoding SPFs
The Most Common Toddler Skin Problems
Types of Diaper Rash
Caring for Your Toddler’s Hair
Gummy Hair
Most Common Toddler Hair/Scalp Problems
Caring for Your Toddler’s Nails
Caring for Your Toddler’s Eyes
Spotting Vision Problems


Most Common Vision Problems in Toddlers
Checking Your Toddler’s Eyes
If Your Toddler Needs Glasses
Caring for Your Toddler’s Ears and Hearing
What’s Too Loud?
Pierced Ears
Signs of a Hearing Problem
Caring for Your Toddler’s Teeth
Fluorides for Fighting Decay
Most Common Teeth and Mouth Problems
Caring for Your Little Girl’s Genitals
Most Common Genital Problems in Little Girls
Caring for Your Little Boy’s Genitals
Most Common Genital Problems in Little Boys
The In-Again, Out-Again Testicle
Dressing Your Toddler
Tricks of the Dressing Trade
CHAPTER EIGHTEEN: FEEDING YOUR TODDLER
THE TODDLER DIET

The Toddler Diet Nine Basic Principles
White Whole Wheat?
The Frosting on the Flakes
Introducing the Toddler Diet Daily Dozen
Variety Is More Than the Spice of Life
Fat Sense
Milk Measures
Juice Facts
WEIGHTY CONCERNS: Your Toddler’s Growth

The Tubby Toddler
Sample Toddler Menu
The Broccoli Connection
The Thin Toddler
Maybe They Really Do Grow Overnight
Slow Growth
How Does Your Toddler Grow?
TACTICS FOR THE TABLE

Finessing the Finicky Eater


Fast Food—Fun or Folly?
Gratifying a Snack Attack
Fun with Food
A Limited Dietary Repertoire
Rejection of a Favorite Food
A Vegetarian Diet
Dairy Protein Choices for Toddlers
Vegetarian Protein Choices for Toddlers
SAFE FOOD, SAFE WATER

Monitoring Food Safety—at Home and Away
Dining Out With a Toddler
The Cutting Board Dilemma
Monitoring Chemical Consumption
Monitoring Cooking, Serving, and Storage Utensils
Choking Risks
Monitoring Water Safety
CHAPTER NINETEEN: ALL ABOUT TOILET LEARNING
READY?
GET SET ...

Potty Patience, Please
GO ...

The Do’s of Toddler Toilet Learning
Training Pants
The Don’ts of Toddler Toilet Learning
WHEN ACCIDENTS HAPPEN

Why Accidents Happen
When an Older Child Resists
’Tis the Season?
WHAT YOU MAY BE WONDERING ABOUT

Switching to Training Pants
Diaper Rejection
Hygiene Hype
Wiping Wrangles
Fear of Flushing
When to Take a Stand
The Movable Potty Chair
A Girl Who Wants to Stand


Fascination with Stool
Switching to the Toilet
A New Diaper Rash at Night
A Diaper for Bowel Movements
Toilet Learning and Preschool
Staying Dry at Night
CHAPTER TWENTY: KEEPING YOUR TODDLER HEALTHY
IMMUNIZATION: Preventing Major Communicable Diseases

Recommended Immunizations
When to Call the Doctor After an Immunization
Don’t Miss an Opportunity
AAP Immunization Recommendations
Immunization Myths—Dispelled
Getting Shots: Your Toddler’s Tears and Fears
When Your Child Is Immunized
THE DOCTOR AND THE TODDLER

The Parent-Physician Partnership
The Role of the Pediatric Nurse-Practitioner
When to Call the Doctor
Looking for Dr. Right
Before You Call the Doctor
Appendicitis Warnings
Parent’s Intuition
ALL ABOUT FEVER

Know Your Toddler
Taking Your Toddler’s Temperature
Reading the Thermometer
Evaluating a Fever
Febrile Convulsions
Treating a Fever
Dosages for Acetaminophen and Ibuprofen
Typical Body Temperatures
CARING FOR A SICK TODDLER

At Home
In the Hospital
WHEN MEDICATION IS NEEDED

What You Should Know


Herbal Remedies
Giving Medicine Safely
Out-of-Date Medications
Helping the Medicine Go Down
Aspirin or Non-Aspirin?
THE MOST COMMON TODDLER HEALTH PROBLEMS

Common Cold (Upper Respiratory Infection, or URI)
Constipation
Nose Blowing
Croup (Laryngotracheobronchitis, or LTB)
Diarrhea, with or without Vomiting
Toddler Tummy
Ear Infection
Influenza (Flu)
Signs of Dehydration
Otitis Media (Middle-Ear Inflammation)
Preventing the Spread of Illness
Tubes for Toddlers
Otitis Media with Effusion, or Serous Otitis Media
Sinusitis
Sore Throat
Tonsils and Adenoids: Taking Them Out Is No Longer In
One Picture is Worth ...
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
Treating Your Toddler’s Symptoms
CHAPTER TWENTY-ONE: KEEPING YOUR TODDLER SAFE
Change Your Ways
Change Your Toddler
Dressing for Safety
Change Your Toddler’s Surroundings
Lead Can Lead to Trouble
Food for Thought
Safe Heights
No Gun Is a Safe Gun
Indoor Pest Control: Sorry for Pests, Still Safe for Toddlers
Putting Worry in Perspective
Poison Control


JPMA Certified Safe for Kids
Designed for Safety
No Swinging
A Safe Place to Play
Dress for It
Don’t Let the Bugs Bite
Let It Snow
The Latch System
Safe Art
Red Light Greenery
CHAPTER TWENTY-TWO: TREATING TODDLER INJURIES
FIRST AID FOR THE TODDLER

Abdominal Injuries
Bites
Bleeding
Bleeding, Internal
Broken Bones or Fractures
Bruises, Skin
Burns and Scalds
Cat Bites/Scratches
Chemical Burns
Choking
Cold Injuries
Convulsions
Cuts
Dislocations
Dog Bites
Drowning
Ear Injuries
Electric Shock
Eye Injuries
Fainting
Finger and Toe Injuries
Foreign Objects
Fractures
Frostbite
Head Injuries


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